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Labor Stats: compare key data on Poland & United States

Definitions

  • Agricultural workers > Male: Proportion of employed males engaged in the agricultural sector. Employment by economic activity (%) (most recent year available between 1995 and 2001). Note: As a result of a number of limitations in the data, comparisons of labour statistics over time and across countries should be made with caution. For detailed notes on the data see ILO (2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; 2002. Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002. February 2002; and 2002. Laboursta Database. February 2002). The percentage shares of employment by economic activity may not sum to 100 because of rounding or the omission of activities not classified.
  • Employment rate > Adults: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Expense > Current LCU: Expense (current LCU). Expense is cash payments for operating activities of the government in providing goods and services. It includes compensation of employees (such as wages and salaries), interest and subsidies, grants, social benefits, and other expenses such as rent and dividends.
  • GNI > Current US$: GNI (current US$). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • GNI > Current US$ per capita: GNI (current US$). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Hours worked > Standard workweek: Standard workweek (hours).
  • Labor force: The total labor force figure
  • Labor force > By occupation: Component parts of the labor force by occupation.
  • Labor force per 1000: The total labor force figure. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Labor force, total: Labor force, total. Total labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector.
  • Male retirement age: Men.

    Denmark had range specified: 65-67

    Finland had range specified: 62-68

    Netherlands had range specified: 65-67

    Sweden had range specified: 61-67

    United States had range specified: 62-67

  • Salaries and benefits > Hourly minimum wage: Hourly minimum wage at international USD (this means that discrepancies in purchasing power have been compensated for).
  • Salaries and benefits > Minimum wage: Minimum wage.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Strikes: Strikes five-year average in days not worked per 1000 employees (1996-2000)
  • Unemployment rate: The percent of the labor force that is without jobs. Substantial underemployment might be noted.
  • Female retirement age: Women.

    China had range specified: 50-55

    Czech Republic had range specified: 59-63

    Denmark had range specified: 65-67

    Finland had range specified: 62-68

    Greece had range specified: 60-67

    Netherlands had range specified: 65-67

    Sweden had range specified: 61-67

    United States had range specified: 62-67

  • Labor force, total per 1000: Labor force, total. Total labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Working mothers: Working proportion of mothers with children under 6 years old 2001
  • Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Both sexes: Percentage of unemployed people out of total population able to work. Workers not able to work due to labor disputes, sickness and childcare do not count towards the percentage. 
  • GNI per capita > Constant LCU: GNI per capita (constant LCU). GNI per capita is gross national income divided by midyear population. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in constant local currency.
  • Expense > Current LCU per capita: Expense (current LCU). Expense is cash payments for operating activities of the government in providing goods and services. It includes compensation of employees (such as wages and salaries), interest and subsidies, grants, social benefits, and other expenses such as rent and dividends. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Employment rate > Women: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Labor force > Total: Total labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organisation definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector."
  • Industrial workers > Male: Proportion of employed males engaged in the industrial sector. Employment by economic activity (%) (most recent year available between 1995 and 2001). Note: As a result of a number of limitations in the data, comparisons of labour statistics over time and across countries should be made with caution. For detailed notes on the data see ILO (2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; 2002. Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002. February 2002; and 2002. Laboursta Database. February 2002). The percentage shares of employment by economic activity may not sum to 100 because of rounding or the omission of activities not classified.
  • Employment rate > Men: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men: Employment-to-population ratio, men, percentage.
  • Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Men: Percentage of unemployed men out of total male population able to work. Men not able to work due to labor disputes, sickness and childcare do not count towards the percentage.
  • Compensation of employees > Current LCU: Compensation of employees consists of all payments in cash, as well as in kind (such as food and housing), to employees in return for services rendered, and government contributions to social insurance schemes such as social security and pensions that provide benefits to employees.
  • Unemployment > Long-term unemployment rate: Long-term unemployment refers to the number of people with continuous periods of unemployment extending for a year or longer, expressed as a percentage of the total unemployed."
  • Force > Total: Total labor force comprises people who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector.
  • Force > Total > Per capita: Total labor force comprises people who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Female decision makers: Female legislators, senior officials and managers (as % of total). Data refer to the latest year available during the period 1991-2000. Those for countries that have implemented the recent International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO-88) are not strictly comparable with those for countries using the previous classification (ISCO-68).
  • Agricultural workers > Female: Proportion of employed females engaged in the agricultural sector. Employment by economic activity (%) (most recent year available between 1995 and 2001). Note: As a result of a number of limitations in the data, comparisons of labour statistics over time and across countries should be made with caution. For detailed notes on the data see ILO (2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; 2002. Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002. February 2002; and 2002. Laboursta Database. February 2002). The percentage shares of employment by economic activity may not sum to 100 because of rounding or the omission of activities not classified.
  • Employment > Percent of population are employees > Women: Number of female self-reported employees (formal or informal), expressed as a percentage of the total female employed population.
  • Employment > Employment share by sector > Industry > Men > Aged above 14: Percent employed in industry.
  • Unemployment > Youth unemployment, both sexes: Percentage of population aged 15-24 that is unemployed. 
  • Unemployment > Regional unemployment > National unemployment rate: Unemployed persons are defined as those who report that they are without work, that they are available for work and that they have taken active steps to find work in the last four weeks preceding the survey. The ILO Guidelines specify what actions count as active steps to find work and these include answering vacancy notices, visiting factories, construction sites and other places of work, and placing advertisements in the press as well as registering with labour offices.

    The unemployment rate is defined as the number of unemployed persons as a percentage of the labour force, where the latter consists of unemployed and employed persons.

    When unemployment is high, some persons become discouraged and stop looking for work. They are then excluded from the labour force so that the unemployment rate may fall, or stop rising, even though there has been no underlying improvement in the labour market.

    The Gini index offers an accurate picture of regional disparities. It looks not only at the regions with the highest and the lowest rates of unemployment but also at the differences among all regions. The index ranges between 0 and 1: the higher its value, the larger the regional disparities. Regional disparities tend to be underestimated when the size of regions is large.

    The youth unemployment rate is defined as the ratio between the unemployed person aged between 15 and 24 and the labour force in the same age group.
  • GNI > Current LCU: GNI (current LCU). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current local currency.
  • Employment > Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Women: Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week.

    Self-employed persons include employers, own-account workers, members of producers’ co-operatives, and unpaid family workers. The last of these are unpaid in the sense that they do not have a formal contract to receive a fixed amount of income at regular intervals, but they share in the income generated by the enterprise; unpaid family workers are particularly important in farming and retail trade. Note that all persons who work in corporate enterprises, including company directors, are considered to be employees.

    The rates shown here are the percentages of the self-employed in total civilian employment i.e., total employment less military employees.
  • Female economic activity: Female economic activity rate (aged 15 and above) in 2000.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women: Employment-to-population ratio, women, percentage.
  • Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Women: Percentage of unemployed women out of total female population able to work. Women not able to work due to labor disputes, sickness and childcare do not count towards the percentage.
  • Labor force > Per capita: The total labor force figure Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 30-34: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Days off work: Number of days not worked for every 1000 salaried employees. Selected OECD countries only. Data for 2000.
  • Industrial workers > Female: Proportion of employed females engaged in the industrial sector. Employment by economic activity (%) (most recent year available between 1995 and 2001). Note: As a result of a number of limitations in the data, comparisons of labour statistics over time and across countries should be made with caution. For detailed notes on the data see ILO (2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; 2002. Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002. February 2002; and 2002. Laboursta Database. February 2002). The percentage shares of employment by economic activity may not sum to 100 because of rounding or the omission of activities not classified.
  • Employment rate > Young adults: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Female professionals: Female professional and technical workers (as % of total)
  • Net income from abroad > Current US$: Net income from abroad (current US$). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Unemployment gender ratio: Female unemployment rate as a % of the male unemployment rate.
  • Part time employment rate > Men > Aged above 14: Percent of males over the age of 14 years who work less than 30 hours a week (either as employees or self-employed) as a percentage of all males in employment.
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ per capita: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Employment > Employment rates by gender > Employment rates > Men: Employment rates are calculated as the ratio of the employed to the working age population. To calculate this employment rate, the population of working age is divided into two groups: those who are employed and those who are not. Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week. Those not in employment consist of persons who are out of work but seeking employment, students and all others who have excluded themselves from the labour force for one reason or another, such as incapacity or the need to look after young children or elderly relatives.

    Working age is generally defined as persons in the 15 to 64 age bracket although in some countries working age is defined as 16 to 64.
  • Rigidity of employment index > 0=less rigid to 100=more rigid: The rigidity of employment index measures the regulation of employment, specifically the hiring and firing of workers and the rigidity of working hours. This index is the average of three subindexes: a difficulty of hiring index, a rigidity of hours index, and a difficulty of firing index. The index ranges from 0 to 100, with higher values indicating more rigid regulations."
  • Employment > Percent of population are employees > Men: Number of male self-reported employees (formal or informal), expressed as a percentage of the total male employed population.
  • Employment > Employment share by sector > Agriculture > Men > Aged above 14: Percent employed in agriculture.
  • Service workers > Male: Proportion of employed males engaged in the service sector. Employment by economic activity (%) (most recent year available between 1995 and 2001). Note: As a result of a number of limitations in the data, comparisons of labour statistics over time and across countries should be made with caution. For detailed notes on the data see ILO (2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; 2002. Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002. February 2002; and 2002. Laboursta Database. February 2002). The percentage shares of employment by economic activity may not sum to 100 because of rounding or the omission of activities not classified.
  • Female economic activity growth: The % change in the female economic activity rate (aged 15 and above) from 1990 to 2000.
  • Employment rate > Young men: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Employment rate > Young women: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ > Per capita: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Unemployment > Unemployment rates > Unemployment rates > Total: Unemployed persons are defined as those who report that they are without work, that they are available for work and that they have taken active steps to find work in the last four weeks. The ILO Guidelines specify what actions count as active steps to find work and these include answering vacancy notices, visiting factories, construction sites and other places of work, and placing advertisements in the press as well as registering with labour offices.

    The unemployment rate is defined as the number of unemployed persons as a percentage of the labour force, where the latter consists of the unemployed plus those in employment, which are defined as persons who have worked for one hour or more in the last week.

    When unemployment is high, some persons become discouraged and stop looking for work. They are then excluded from the labour force so that the unemployment rate may fall, or stop rising, even though there has been no underlying improvement in the labour market.
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 65 plus: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Employment > Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Total: Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week.

    Self-employed persons include employers, own-account workers, members of producers’ co-operatives, and unpaid family workers. The last of these are unpaid in the sense that they do not have a formal contract to receive a fixed amount of income at regular intervals, but they share in the income generated by the enterprise; unpaid family workers are particularly important in farming and retail trade. Note that all persons who work in corporate enterprises, including company directors, are considered to be employees.

    The rates shown here are the percentages of the self-employed in total civilian employment i.e., total employment less military employees.
  • GDP per person employed > Constant 1990 PPP $: GDP per person employed is gross domestic product (GDP) divided by total employment in the economy. Purchasing power parity (PPP) GDP is GDP converted to 1990 constant international dollars using PPP rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GDP that a U.S. dollar has in the United States.
  • GNI > Constant LCU per capita: GNI (constant LCU). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in constant local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • GNI > Constant LCU: GNI (constant LCU). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in constant local currency.
  • GNI per capita > Constant 2000 US$: GNI per capita (constant 2000 US$). GNI per capita is gross national income divided by midyear population. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars.
  • Service workers > Female: Proportion of employed females engaged in the service sector. Employment by economic activity (%) (most recent year available between 1995 and 2001). Note: As a result of a number of limitations in the data, comparisons of labour statistics over time and across countries should be made with caution. For detailed notes on the data see ILO (2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; 2002. Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002. February 2002; and 2002. Laboursta Database. February 2002). The percentage shares of employment by economic activity may not sum to 100 because of rounding or the omission of activities not classified.
  • Long term unemployment: Long term unemployment as a % of labour force, 2000. Long term implies 12 months or longer.
  • Employment > Employment share by sector > Agriculture > Women > Aged above 14: Percent employed in agriculture.
  • Part time employment rate > Women > Aged above 14: Percent of females over the age of 14 years who work less than 30 hours a week (either as employees or self-employed) as a percentage of all females in employment.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women aged above 14: Employment-to-population ratio.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women aged 15 to 24: Employment-to-population ratio.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men aged above 14: Employment-to-population ratio.
  • Unemployment > Youth unemployment, male: Percentage of male population aged 15-24 that is unemployed. 
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 45-49: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ > Per $ GDP: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration.
  • Unemployment > Regional unemployment > National unemployment rate per million: Unemployed persons are defined as those who report that they are without work, that they are available for work and that they have taken active steps to find work in the last four weeks preceding the survey. The ILO Guidelines specify what actions count as active steps to find work and these include answering vacancy notices, visiting factories, construction sites and other places of work, and placing advertisements in the press as well as registering with labour offices.

    The unemployment rate is defined as the number of unemployed persons as a percentage of the labour force, where the latter consists of unemployed and employed persons.

    When unemployment is high, some persons become discouraged and stop looking for work. They are then excluded from the labour force so that the unemployment rate may fall, or stop rising, even though there has been no underlying improvement in the labour market.

    The Gini index offers an accurate picture of regional disparities. It looks not only at the regions with the highest and the lowest rates of unemployment but also at the differences among all regions. The index ranges between 0 and 1: the higher its value, the larger the regional disparities. Regional disparities tend to be underestimated when the size of regions is large.

    The youth unemployment rate is defined as the ratio between the unemployed person aged between 15 and 24 and the labour force in the same age group. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Unemployment > Long-term unemployment > Long-term unemployment: Long-term unemployment is conventionally defined either as those unemployed for 6 months or more or, as here, those unemployed for 12 months or more. The ratios calculated here show the proportion of these long-term unemployed among all unemployed.

    Unemployment is defined in most OECD countries in accordance with the ILO Guidelines. Unemployment is usually measured by household labour force surveys and the unemployed are defined as those persons who report that they have worked in gainful employment for less than one hour in the previous week, who are available for work and who have taken actions to seek employment in the previous four weeks. The ILO Guidelines specify the kinds of actions that count as seeking work.
  • Employment > Employment share by sector > Services > Men > Aged above 14: Percent employed in services.
  • Employment > Employment share by sector > Industry > Women > Aged above 14: Percent employed in industry.
  • Economic activity > Men aged 15-19: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 15-19: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 40-44: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Men aged 20-24: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Men aged 35-39: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Force with primary education > % of total: Labor force with primary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a primary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Labor force with secondary education > Male > % of male labor force: Labor force with secondary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a secondary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Labor force with primary education > Female > % of female labor force: Labor force with primary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a primary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Employees > Agriculture > Male > % of male employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Agriculture corresponds to division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and includes hunting, forestry, and fishing."
  • Employees > Agriculture > Female > % of female employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Agriculture corresponds to division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and includes hunting, forestry, and fishing."
  • Employment in agriculture > % of total employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Agriculture corresponds to division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and includes hunting, forestry, and fishing."
  • Employment in services > % of total employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Services correspond to divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G-P (ISIC revision 3) and include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal services."
  • Labor participation rate > Total > % of total population ages 15+: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > % of total unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with primary education > Male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with secondary education > Female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
  • Unemployment > Long-term unemployment rate > Female: Long-term unemployment refers to the number of people with continuous periods of unemployment extending for a year or longer, expressed as a percentage of the total unemployed."
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with primary education > Female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > Female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
  • Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Net income from abroad > Current US$, % of GDP: Net income from abroad (current US$). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Net income from abroad > Constant LCU per million: Net income from abroad (constant LCU). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in constant local currency. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men aged 15 to 24: Employment-to-population ratio.
  • Net income from abroad > Constant LCU: Net income from abroad (constant LCU). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in constant local currency.
  • Unemployment, youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24: Unemployment, youth female (% of female labor force ages 15-24). Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Long-term unemployment, male > % of male unemployment: Long-term unemployment, male (% of male unemployment). Long-term unemployment refers to the number of people with continuous periods of unemployment extending for a year or longer, expressed as a percentage of the total unemployed.
  • Unemployment, female > % of female labor force: Unemployment, female (% of female labor force). Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment > Male > % of male labor force: Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Force with secondary education > % of total: Labor force with secondary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a secondary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Unemployment > Youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Compensation of employees > % of expense: Compensation of employees consists of all payments in cash, as well as in kind (such as food and housing), to employees in return for services rendered, and government contributions to social insurance schemes such as social security and pensions that provide benefits to employees.
  • Unemployment > Regional unemployment > Range in regional unemployment rate > Small regions > Maximum: Unemployed persons are defined as those who report that they are without work, that they are available for work and that they have taken active steps to find work in the last four weeks preceding the survey. The ILO Guidelines specify what actions count as active steps to find work and these include answering vacancy notices, visiting factories, construction sites and other places of work, and placing advertisements in the press as well as registering with labour offices.

    The unemployment rate is defined as the number of unemployed persons as a percentage of the labour force, where the latter consists of unemployed and employed persons.

    When unemployment is high, some persons become discouraged and stop looking for work. They are then excluded from the labour force so that the unemployment rate may fall, or stop rising, even though there has been no underlying improvement in the labour market.

    The Gini index offers an accurate picture of regional disparities. It looks not only at the regions with the highest and the lowest rates of unemployment but also at the differences among all regions. The index ranges between 0 and 1: the higher its value, the larger the regional disparities. Regional disparities tend to be underestimated when the size of regions is large.

    The youth unemployment rate is defined as the ratio between the unemployed person aged between 15 and 24 and the labour force in the same age group.
  • Unemployment > Regional unemployment > Range in regional unemployment rate > Small regions > Minimum: Unemployed persons are defined as those who report that they are without work, that they are available for work and that they have taken active steps to find work in the last four weeks preceding the survey. The ILO Guidelines specify what actions count as active steps to find work and these include answering vacancy notices, visiting factories, construction sites and other places of work, and placing advertisements in the press as well as registering with labour offices.

    The unemployment rate is defined as the number of unemployed persons as a percentage of the labour force, where the latter consists of unemployed and employed persons.

    When unemployment is high, some persons become discouraged and stop looking for work. They are then excluded from the labour force so that the unemployment rate may fall, or stop rising, even though there has been no underlying improvement in the labour market.

    The Gini index offers an accurate picture of regional disparities. It looks not only at the regions with the highest and the lowest rates of unemployment but also at the differences among all regions. The index ranges between 0 and 1: the higher its value, the larger the regional disparities. Regional disparities tend to be underestimated when the size of regions is large.

    The youth unemployment rate is defined as the ratio between the unemployed person aged between 15 and 24 and the labour force in the same age group.
  • Unemployment > Youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Force > Female > % of total labor force: Female labor force as a percentage of the total show the extent to which women are active in the labor force. Labor force comprises all people who meet the International Labour Organization's definition of the economically active population.
  • Employment > Employment rates by gender > Employment rates > Men per million: Employment rates are calculated as the ratio of the employed to the working age population. To calculate this employment rate, the population of working age is divided into two groups: those who are employed and those who are not. Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week. Those not in employment consist of persons who are out of work but seeking employment, students and all others who have excluded themselves from the labour force for one reason or another, such as incapacity or the need to look after young children or elderly relatives.

    Working age is generally defined as persons in the 15 to 64 age bracket although in some countries working age is defined as 16 to 64. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Employment > Part-time employment > Incidence of part-time employment per million: Part-time employment refers to persons who usually work less than 30 hours per week in their main job. Both employees and the self-employed may be part-time workers.

    Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week. The rates shown here refer to the numbers of persons who usually work less than 30 hours per week as a percentage of the total number of those in employment. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Employees > Industry > Female > % of female employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Industry corresponds to divisions 2-5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C-F (ISIC revision 3) and includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, and public utilities (electricity, gas, and water)."
  • Employment > Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Total per million: Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week.

    Self-employed persons include employers, own-account workers, members of producers’ co-operatives, and unpaid family workers. The last of these are unpaid in the sense that they do not have a formal contract to receive a fixed amount of income at regular intervals, but they share in the income generated by the enterprise; unpaid family workers are particularly important in farming and retail trade. Note that all persons who work in corporate enterprises, including company directors, are considered to be employees.

    The rates shown here are the percentages of the self-employed in total civilian employment i.e., total employment less military employees. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Economic activity > Women aged 20-24: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 65 plus: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Unemployment with tertiary education > Male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Economic activity > Women aged 30-34: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Personal remittances, received > % of GDP: Personal remittances, received (% of GDP). Personal remittances comprise personal transfers and compensation of employees. Personal transfers consist of all current transfers in cash or in kind made or received by resident households to or from nonresident households. Personal transfers thus include all current transfers between resident and nonresident individuals. Compensation of employees refers to the income of border, seasonal, and other short-term workers who are employed in an economy where they are not resident and of residents employed by nonresident entities. Data are the sum of two items defined in the sixth edition of the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual: personal transfers and compensation of employees.
  • Net income from abroad > Current LCU: Net income from abroad (current LCU). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current local currency.
  • Unemployment > Long-term unemployment > Long-term unemployment per million: Long-term unemployment is conventionally defined either as those unemployed for 6 months or more or, as here, those unemployed for 12 months or more. The ratios calculated here show the proportion of these long-term unemployed among all unemployed.

    Unemployment is defined in most OECD countries in accordance with the ILO Guidelines. Unemployment is usually measured by household labour force surveys and the unemployed are defined as those persons who report that they have worked in gainful employment for less than one hour in the previous week, who are available for work and who have taken actions to seek employment in the previous four weeks. The ILO Guidelines specify the kinds of actions that count as seeking work. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Unemployment > Total > % of total labor force: Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment > Regional unemployment > Gini index of regional unemployment rates > Small regions: Unemployed persons are defined as those who report that they are without work, that they are available for work and that they have taken active steps to find work in the last four weeks preceding the survey. The ILO Guidelines specify what actions count as active steps to find work and these include answering vacancy notices, visiting factories, construction sites and other places of work, and placing advertisements in the press as well as registering with labour offices.

    The unemployment rate is defined as the number of unemployed persons as a percentage of the labour force, where the latter consists of unemployed and employed persons.

    When unemployment is high, some persons become discouraged and stop looking for work. They are then excluded from the labour force so that the unemployment rate may fall, or stop rising, even though there has been no underlying improvement in the labour market.

    The Gini index offers an accurate picture of regional disparities. It looks not only at the regions with the highest and the lowest rates of unemployment but also at the differences among all regions. The index ranges between 0 and 1: the higher its value, the larger the regional disparities. Regional disparities tend to be underestimated when the size of regions is large.

    The youth unemployment rate is defined as the ratio between the unemployed person aged between 15 and 24 and the labour force in the same age group.
  • Unemployment > Female > % of female labor force: Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Long-term unemployment > Female > % of female unemployment: Long-term unemployment refers to the number of people with continuous periods of unemployment extending for a year or longer, expressed as a percentage of the total unemployed.
  • Long-term unemployment > % of total unemployment: Long-term unemployment refers to the number of people with continuous periods of unemployment extending for a year or longer, expressed as a percentage of the total unemployed.
  • Unemployment with secondary education > Female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Force participation rate > Female > % of female population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-64 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Unemployment > Youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 40-44: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 50-54: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 55-59: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Unemployment with secondary education > Male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ > Per capita: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Long term unemployment > Share: Percentage share of unemployment that lasts longer than 12 months. Data for 2001.
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration.
  • Economic activity > Men aged 30-34: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Employment > Part-time employment > Incidence of part-time employment: Part-time employment refers to persons who usually work less than 30 hours per week in their main job. Both employees and the self-employed may be part-time workers.

    Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week. The rates shown here refer to the numbers of persons who usually work less than 30 hours per week as a percentage of the total number of those in employment.
  • Unemployment > Unemployed youths per unemployed adult > Women > Aged 15 to 24: Ratio of youth unemployment rate to adult unemployment rate.
  • Unemployment > Unemployed youths per unemployed adult > Men > Aged 15 to 24: Ratio of youth unemployment rate to adult unemployment rate.
  • Employment > Working more than 40 hours per week > Women > Aged above 14: Percentage of females above the age of 14 in employment, who work more than 40 hours per week.
  • GNI > Current LCU per capita: GNI (current LCU). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Subsidies and other transfers > % of expense: Subsidies and other transfers (% of expense). Subsidies, grants, and other social benefits include all unrequited, nonrepayable transfers on current account to private and public enterprises; grants to foreign governments, international organizations, and other government units; and social security, social assistance benefits, and employer social benefits in cash and in kind.
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 50-54: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Men aged 50-54: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Employees, agriculture, female > % of female employment: Employees, agriculture, female (% of female employment). Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Agriculture corresponds to division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and includes hunting, forestry, and fishing.
  • Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, male > %: Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, male (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Employment to population ratio, 15+, female > %: Employment to population ratio, 15+, female (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Employment > Working more than 40 hours per week > Men > Aged above 14: Percentage of males above the age of 14 in employment, who work more than 40 hours per week.
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 55-59: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 45-49: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Force participation rate > Total > % of total population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-64 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Self-employed, female > % of females employed: Self-employed, female (% of females employed). Self employed workers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners or in cooperative, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs" (i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced). Self employed workers include three subcategories: employers, own-account workers, and members of producers' cooperatives.
  • Self-employed, male > % of males employed: Self-employed, male (% of males employed). Self employed workers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners or in cooperative, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs" (i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced). Self employed workers include three subcategories: employers, own-account workers, and members of producers' cooperatives.
  • Self-employed, total > % of total employed: Self-employed, total (% of total employed). Self employed workers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners or in cooperative, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs" (i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced). Self employed workers include three subcategories: employers, own-account workers, and members of producers' cooperatives.
  • Employment to population ratio, 15+, male > %: Employment to population ratio, 15+, male (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Force participation rate > Male > % of male population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-64 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Wage and salaried workers, total > % of total employed: Wage and salaried workers, total (% of total employed). Wage and salaried workers (employees) are those workers who hold the type of jobs defined as "paid employment jobs," where the incumbents hold explicit (written or oral) or implicit employment contracts that give them a basic remuneration that is not directly dependent upon the revenue of the unit for which they work.
  • Employees, industry, female > % of female employment: Employees, industry, female (% of female employment). Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Industry corresponds to divisions 2-5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C-F (ISIC revision 3) and includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, and public utilities (electricity, gas, and water).
  • Employees, industry, male > % of male employment: Employees, industry, male (% of male employment). Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Industry corresponds to divisions 2-5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C-F (ISIC revision 3) and includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, and public utilities (electricity, gas, and water).
  • Employees, services, female > % of female employment: Employees, services, female (% of female employment). Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Services correspond to divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G-P (ISIC revision 3) and include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal services.
  • Employees, services, male > % of male employment: Employees, services, male (% of male employment). Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Services correspond to divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G-P (ISIC revision 3) and include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal services.
  • Part time employment, female > % of total part time employment: Part time employment, female (% of total part time employment). Part time employment refers to regular employment in which working time is substantially less than normal. Definitions of part time employment differ by country.
  • Unemployment, male > % of male labor force: Unemployment, male (% of male labor force). Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment, total > % of total labor force: Unemployment, total (% of total labor force). Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Economic activity > Men aged 65 plus: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Long-term unemployment > Male > % of male unemployment: Long-term unemployment refers to the number of people with continuous periods of unemployment extending for a year or longer, expressed as a percentage of the total unemployed.
  • Economic activity > Men aged 25-29: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 35-39: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 60-64: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 35-39: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Unemployment with tertiary education > Female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Employment > Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Women per million: Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week.

    Self-employed persons include employers, own-account workers, members of producers’ co-operatives, and unpaid family workers. The last of these are unpaid in the sense that they do not have a formal contract to receive a fixed amount of income at regular intervals, but they share in the income generated by the enterprise; unpaid family workers are particularly important in farming and retail trade. Note that all persons who work in corporate enterprises, including company directors, are considered to be employees.

    The rates shown here are the percentages of the self-employed in total civilian employment i.e., total employment less military employees. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Unemployment with tertiary education > % of total unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 20-24: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 25-29: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 60-64: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Net income from abroad > Current US$ per million: Net income from abroad (current US$). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Employment in industry > % of total employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Industry corresponds to divisions 2-5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C-F (ISIC revision 3) and includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, and public utilities (electricity, gas, and water)."
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > Male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
  • Net income from abroad > Current LCU per million: Net income from abroad (current LCU). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current local currency. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Unemployment > Unemployment > Total > % of total labor force: Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Labor force > Female > % of total labor force: Female labor force as a percentage of the total show the extent to which women are active in the labor force. Labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organisation's definition of the economically active population.
  • Share of women employed in the nonagricultural sector > % of total nonagricultural employment: Share of women employed in the nonagricultural sector is the share of female workers in the nonagricultural sector (industry and services), expressed as a percentage of total employment in the nonagricultural sector. Industry includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, electricity, gas, and water, corresponding to divisions 2-5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C-F (ISIC revision 3). Services include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal services-corresponding to divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G-P (ISIC revision 3)."
  • Economic activity > Women aged 15-19: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Employment > Employment share by sector > Services > Women > Aged above 14: Percent employed in services.
  • Unemployment > Youth unemployment, female: Percentage of female population aged 15-24 that is unemployed.
  • Employment > Underemployment > Working less than 20 hours per week > Women > Aged above 14: Percentage of females above the age of 14 in employment, who work less than 20 hours/week.
  • Employment > Underemployment > Working less than 20 hours per week > Men > Aged above 14: Percentage of males above the age of 14 in employment, who work less than 20 hours/week.
  • Part time > Part time employment rate > Women: Percentage of country's females over the age of 15 that are employed only part-time.
  • Part time > Part time employment rate > Men: Percentage of country's males over the age of 15 that are employed only part-time.
  • GNI > Current US$, % of GDP: GNI (current US$). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Expense > % of GDP: Expense (% of GDP). Expense is cash payments for operating activities of the government in providing goods and services. It includes compensation of employees (such as wages and salaries), interest and subsidies, grants, social benefits, and other expenses such as rent and dividends.
  • Economic activity > Men aged 40-44: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ > Per $ GDP: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Unemployment > Unemployment rates > Unemployment rates > Total per million: Unemployed persons are defined as those who report that they are without work, that they are available for work and that they have taken active steps to find work in the last four weeks. The ILO Guidelines specify what actions count as active steps to find work and these include answering vacancy notices, visiting factories, construction sites and other places of work, and placing advertisements in the press as well as registering with labour offices.

    The unemployment rate is defined as the number of unemployed persons as a percentage of the labour force, where the latter consists of the unemployed plus those in employment, which are defined as persons who have worked for one hour or more in the last week.

    When unemployment is high, some persons become discouraged and stop looking for work. They are then excluded from the labour force so that the unemployment rate may fall, or stop rising, even though there has been no underlying improvement in the labour market. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Economic activity > Men aged 45-49: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Men aged 55-59: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Men aged 60-64: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 25-29: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ per capita: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Force with tertiary education > % of total: Labor force with tertiary education is the proportion of labor force that has a tertiary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Employees, agriculture, male > % of male employment: Employees, agriculture, male (% of male employment). Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Agriculture corresponds to division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and includes hunting, forestry, and fishing.
  • Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, total > %: Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, total (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Employment to population ratio, 15+, total > %: Employment to population ratio, 15+, total (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Wage and salaried workers, female > % of females employed: Wage and salaried workers, female (% of females employed). Wage and salaried workers (employees) are those workers who hold the type of jobs defined as "paid employment jobs," where the incumbents hold explicit (written or oral) or implicit employment contracts that give them a basic remuneration that is not directly dependent upon the revenue of the unit for which they work.
  • Wage and salary workers, male > % of males employed: Wage and salary workers, male (% of males employed). Wage and salaried workers (employees) are those workers who hold the type of jobs defined as "paid employment jobs," where the incumbents hold explicit (written or oral) or implicit employment contracts that give them a basic remuneration that is not directly dependent upon the revenue of the unit for which they work.
  • Contributing family workers, female > % of females employed: Contributing family workers, female (% of females employed). Contributing family workers are those workers who hold u2018self-employment jobsu2019 as own-account workers in a market-oriented establishment operated by a related person living in the same household.
  • Contributing family workers, male > % of males employed: Contributing family workers, male (% of males employed). Contributing family workers are those workers who hold "self-employment jobs" as own-account workers in a market-oriented establishment operated by a related person living in the same household.
  • Contributing family workers, total > % of total employed: Contributing family workers, total (% of total employed). Contributing family workers are those workers who hold "self-employment jobs" as own-account workers in a market-oriented establishment operated by a related person living in the same household.
  • Unemployment, youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24: Unemployment, youth male (% of male labor force ages 15-24). Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment, youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24: Unemployment, youth total (% of total labor force ages 15-24). Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Long-term unemployment, female > % of female unemployment: Long-term unemployment, female (% of female unemployment). Long-term unemployment refers to the number of people with continuous periods of unemployment extending for a year or longer, expressed as a percentage of the total unemployed.
  • Force > Total per 1000: Total labor force comprises people who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Employees > Services > Female > % of female employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Services correspond to divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G-P (ISIC revision 3) and include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal services."
  • Labor force with primary education > % of total: Labor force with primary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a primary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Labor force with secondary education > % of total: Labor force with secondary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a secondary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Labor force with primary education > Male > % of male labor force: Labor force with primary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a primary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Labor force with secondary education > Female > % of female labor force: Labor force with secondary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a secondary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Labor force with tertiary education > % of total: Labor force with tertiary education is the proportion of labor force that has a tertiary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • GNI growth > Annual %: GNI growth (annual %). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad.
  • GNI per capita > Current LCU: GNI per capita (current LCU). GNI per capita is gross national income divided by midyear population. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current local currency.
  • Part time employment, male > % of total male employment: Part time employment, male (% of total male employment). Part time employment refers to regular employment in which working time is substantially less than normal. Definitions of part time employment differ by country.
  • Part time employment, total > % of total employment: Part time employment, total (% of total employment). Part time employment refers to regular employment in which working time is substantially less than normal. Definitions of part time employment differ by country.
STAT Poland United States HISTORY
Agricultural workers > Male 19%
Ranked 28th. 5 times more than United States
4%
Ranked 69th.
Employment rate > Adults 48.2
Ranked 137th.
59.2
Ranked 74th. 23% more than Poland

Expense > Current LCU 523.48 billion
Ranked 41st.
3.92 trillion
Ranked 18th. 7 times more than Poland

GNI > Current US$ $467.87 billion
Ranked 24th.
$16.51 trillion
Ranked 2nd. 35 times more than Poland

GNI > Current US$ per capita $12,138.96
Ranked 49th.
$52,608.35
Ranked 8th. 4 times more than Poland

Hours worked > Standard workweek 40 hours
Ranked 85th. The same as United States
40 hours
Ranked 108th.
Labor force 17 million
Ranked 32nd.
154.9 million
Ranked 4th. 9 times more than Poland

Labor force > By occupation agriculture 16.1%, industry 29%, services 54.9% farming, forestry, and fishing 0.7%, manufacturing, extraction, transportation, and crafts 22.9%, managerial, professional, and technical 34.9%, sales and office 25%, other services 16.5%; <i>note:</i> figures exclude the unemployed
Labor force per 1000 445.22
Ranked 65th.
500.77
Ranked 33th. 12% more than Poland

Labor force, total 18.53 million
Ranked 34th.
158.69 million
Ranked 4th. 9 times more than Poland

Male retirement age 65
Ranked 4th. 1% more than United States
64.5
Ranked 5th.
Salaries and benefits > Hourly minimum wage $2.34
Ranked 16th.
$7.25
Ranked 13th. 3 times more than Poland
Salaries and benefits > Minimum wage 1,680 PLN (\u20ac405) per month. Real full cost (if a worker is not a student etc.) for employer(from which are taken different social, health etc. funds for that worker) is: 2028,43 PLN, and netto for worker, after cuts for health services, accidents fund, work fund, retirement etc. is 1237,20 PLN. With 40 hours week and 4 weeks in month it give about 12.67 PLN/per hour brutto(or after cuts netto ~7.73 PLN/hour). The federal minimum wage in the United States is US$ 7.25 per hour. States may also set a minimum, in which case the higher of the two is controlling; some territories are exempt and have lower rates.
Strikes 6
Ranked 22nd.
60
Ranked 11th. 10 times more than Poland
Unemployment rate 11.8%
Ranked 21st. 22% more than United States
9.7%
Ranked 31st.

Female retirement age 60
Ranked 7th.
64.5
Ranked 3rd. 8% more than Poland
Labor force, total per 1000 480.76
Ranked 68th.
505.51
Ranked 51st. 5% more than Poland

Working mothers 48%
Ranked 14th.
61%
Ranked 8th. 27% more than Poland
Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Both sexes 50.7%
Ranked 55th.
58.4%
Ranked 34th. 15% more than Poland

GNI per capita > Constant LCU 32,682.46
Ranked 55th.
46,084.41
Ranked 47th. 41% more than Poland

Expense > Current LCU per capita 13,584.8
Ranked 56th. 8% more than United States
12,566.94
Ranked 57th.

Employment rate > Women 41.3
Ranked 115th.
52.9
Ranked 50th. 28% more than Poland

Labor force > Total 17.65 million
Ranked 32nd.
158.37 million
Ranked 4th. 9 times more than Poland

Industrial workers > Male 41%
Ranked 9th. 28% more than United States
32%
Ranked 42nd.
Employment rate > Men 56.1
Ranked 145th.
66
Ranked 107th. 18% more than Poland

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men 58.7%
Ranked 52nd.
63.9%
Ranked 38th. 9% more than Poland

Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Men 58.7%
Ranked 52nd.
63.9%
Ranked 38th. 9% more than Poland

Compensation of employees > Current LCU 43087000000 341229000000
Unemployment > Long-term unemployment rate 29
Ranked 20th. 3 times more than United States
10.6
Ranked 30th.

Force > Total 17.34 million
Ranked 33th.
155.46 million
Ranked 3rd. 9 times more than Poland

Force > Total > Per capita 0.454 per capita
Ranked 79th.
0.524 per capita
Ranked 22nd. 15% more than Poland

Female decision makers 33%
Ranked 19th.
45%
Ranked 1st. 36% more than Poland
Agricultural workers > Female 19%
Ranked 14th. 19 times more than United States
1%
Ranked 76th.
Employment > Percent of population are employees > Women 76.9%
Ranked 39th.
94.1%
Ranked 5th. 22% more than Poland

Employment > Employment share by sector > Industry > Men > Aged above 14 39%
Ranked 13th. 29% more than United States
30.2%
Ranked 44th.

Unemployment > Youth unemployment, both sexes 25.8%
Ranked 24th. 49% more than United States
17.3%
Ranked 42nd.

Unemployment > Regional unemployment > National unemployment rate 13.84%
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than United States
4.62%
Ranked 19th.
GNI > Current LCU 1.52 trillion
Ranked 75th.
16.51 trillion
Ranked 27th. 11 times more than Poland

Employment > Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Women 20.91%
Ranked 7th. 4 times more than United States
5.84%
Ranked 26th.
Female economic activity 57.1%
Ranked 63th.
58.8%
Ranked 57th. 3% more than Poland
Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women 43.4%
Ranked 52nd.
53.2%
Ranked 22nd. 23% more than Poland

Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Women 43.4%
Ranked 52nd.
53.2%
Ranked 22nd. 23% more than Poland

Labor force > Per capita 445.18 per 1,000 people
Ranked 30th.
508.4 per 1,000 people
Ranked 42nd. 14% more than Poland

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 30-34 89.3%
Ranked 51st. 3% more than United States
86.54%
Ranked 69th.
Days off work 7 days
Ranked 18th.
163 days
Ranked 4th. 23 times more than Poland
Industrial workers > Female 21%
Ranked 20th. 75% more than United States
12%
Ranked 56th.
Employment rate > Young adults 26.8
Ranked 141st.
50.7
Ranked 45th. 89% more than Poland

Female professionals 61%
Ranked 9th. 13% more than United States
54%
Ranked 20th.
Net income from abroad > Current US$ $-21,926,619,588.58
Ranked 155th.
$269.90 billion
Ranked 1st.

Unemployment gender ratio 126%
Ranked 12th. 20% more than United States
105%
Ranked 17th.
Part time employment rate > Men > Aged above 14 7.1%
Ranked 14th.
7.8%
Ranked 12th. 10% more than Poland

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ per capita 15.67$
Ranked 68th.
138.98$
Ranked 28th. 9 times more than Poland

Employment > Employment rates by gender > Employment rates > Men 63.64%
Ranked 30th.
77.78%
Ranked 13th. 22% more than Poland
Rigidity of employment index > 0=less rigid to 100=more rigid 25
Ranked 83th.
0.0
Ranked 170th.

Employment > Percent of population are employees > Men 72.1%
Ranked 39th.
91.2%
Ranked 2nd. 26% more than Poland

Employment > Employment share by sector > Agriculture > Men > Aged above 14 18%
Ranked 23th. 8 times more than United States
2.2%
Ranked 65th.

Service workers > Male 39%
Ranked 69th.
64%
Ranked 7th. 64% more than Poland
Female economic activity growth 0.0
Ranked 104th.
6%
Ranked 56th.
Employment rate > Young men 30
Ranked 145th.
51.7
Ranked 69th. 72% more than Poland

Employment rate > Young women 23.5
Ranked 126th.
49.7
Ranked 34th. 2 times more than Poland

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ > Per capita 15,668.62$ per 1,000 people
Ranked 69th.
138,564.64$ per 1,000 people
Ranked 29th. 9 times more than Poland

Unemployment > Unemployment rates > Unemployment rates > Total 9.6%
Ranked 3rd. 2 times more than United States
4.6%
Ranked 18th.
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 65 plus 18.65%
Ranked 92nd. 88% more than United States
9.92%
Ranked 124th.
Employment > Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Total 23.46%
Ranked 7th. 3 times more than United States
7.22%
Ranked 29th.
GDP per person employed > Constant 1990 PPP $ $24,553.00
Ranked 48th.
$65,480.00
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than Poland

GNI > Constant LCU per capita 32,682.46
Ranked 55th.
46,084.41
Ranked 47th. 41% more than Poland

GNI > Constant LCU 1.26 trillion
Ranked 48th.
14.47 trillion
Ranked 14th. 11 times more than Poland

GNI per capita > Constant 2000 US$ $10,101.27
Ranked 31st.
$46,084.41
Ranked 6th. 5 times more than Poland

Service workers > Female 60%
Ranked 64th.
86%
Ranked 15th. 43% more than Poland
Long term unemployment 6.1%
Ranked 4th. 30 times more than United States
0.2%
Ranked 27th.
Employment > Employment share by sector > Agriculture > Women > Aged above 14 16.6%
Ranked 16th. 21 times more than United States
0.8%
Ranked 62nd.

Part time employment rate > Women > Aged above 14 17.4%
Ranked 20th.
18.3%
Ranked 19th. 5% more than Poland

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women aged above 14 39.9%
Ranked 126th.
57%
Ranked 37th. 43% more than Poland

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women aged 15 to 24 19.9%
Ranked 147th.
54%
Ranked 29th. 3 times more than Poland

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men aged above 14 52.9%
Ranked 166th.
69.5%
Ranked 99th. 31% more than Poland

Unemployment > Youth unemployment, male 23.6%
Ranked 26th. 26% more than United States
18.7%
Ranked 32nd.

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 45-49 86.22%
Ranked 56th. About the same as United States
86.12%
Ranked 58th.
Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ > Per $ GDP 1.97$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 93th.
3.31$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 81st. 68% more than Poland

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ 598 million$
Ranked 37th.
41.07 billion$
Ranked 1st. 69 times more than Poland

Unemployment > Regional unemployment > National unemployment rate per million 0.363%
Ranked 17th. 24 times more than United States
0.0151%
Ranked 30th.
Unemployment > Long-term unemployment > Long-term unemployment 45.86%
Ranked 9th. 5 times more than United States
9.95%
Ranked 24th.
Employment > Employment share by sector > Services > Men > Aged above 14 43%
Ranked 60th.
67.6%
Ranked 4th. 57% more than Poland

Employment > Employment share by sector > Industry > Women > Aged above 14 17.1%
Ranked 23th. 78% more than United States
9.6%
Ranked 59th.

Economic activity > Men aged 15-19 30.37%
Ranked 124th.
40.19%
Ranked 98th. 32% more than Poland
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 15-19 26.5%
Ranked 124th.
38.86%
Ranked 81st. 47% more than Poland
Economic activity > Women aged 40-44 88.4%
Ranked 31st. 8% more than United States
82.15%
Ranked 52nd.
Economic activity > Men aged 20-24 77.66%
Ranked 144th.
78.54%
Ranked 139th. 1% more than Poland
Economic activity > Men aged 35-39 95.4%
Ranked 153th. 2% more than United States
93.35%
Ranked 163th.
Force with primary education > % of total 15.3%
Ranked 33th.
17.1%
Ranked 18th. 12% more than Poland
Labor force with secondary education > Male > % of male labor force 71.8%
Ranked 4th. 2 times more than United States
30.3%
Ranked 40th.

Labor force with primary education > Female > % of female labor force 9%
Ranked 49th. 23% more than United States
7.3%
Ranked 51st.

Employees > Agriculture > Male > % of male employment 15.2%
Ranked 23th. 8 times more than United States
2%
Ranked 66th.

Employees > Agriculture > Female > % of female employment 14.2%
Ranked 14th. 20 times more than United States
0.7%
Ranked 62nd.

Employment in agriculture > % of total employment 14.7%
Ranked 18th. 11 times more than United States
1.4%
Ranked 68th.

Employment in services > % of total employment 54.5%
Ranked 59th.
78%
Ranked 5th. 43% more than Poland

Labor participation rate > Total > % of total population ages 15+ 54.6%
Ranked 151st.
65.4%
Ranked 76th. 20% more than Poland

Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > % of total unemployment 10.4%
Ranked 52nd.
45.7%
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than Poland

Unemployment > Unemployment with primary education > Male > % of male unemployment 19%
Ranked 57th.
20.6%
Ranked 55th. 8% more than Poland

Unemployment > Unemployment with secondary education > Female > % of female unemployment 72.6%
Ranked 2nd. 2 times more than United States
33.3%
Ranked 50th.

Unemployment > Long-term unemployment rate > Female 30.8
Ranked 19th. 3 times more than United States
10.3
Ranked 29th.

Unemployment > Unemployment with primary education > Female > % of female unemployment 13.8%
Ranked 57th.
16.5%
Ranked 54th. 20% more than Poland

Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > Female > % of female unemployment 13.7%
Ranked 46th.
50.2%
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than Poland

Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24 19.9%
Ranked 11th. 2 times more than United States
9.4%
Ranked 57th.

Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24 17.3%
Ranked 13th. 65% more than United States
10.5%
Ranked 51st.

Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24 15.2%
Ranked 17th. 31% more than United States
11.6%
Ranked 47th.

Net income from abroad > Current US$, % of GDP -4.477%
Ranked 116th.
1.72%
Ranked 20th.

Net income from abroad > Constant LCU per million -1,185,900,425.128
Ranked 73th.
753.24 million
Ranked 12th.

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men aged 15 to 24 24.6%
Ranked 168th.
55.8%
Ranked 60th. 2 times more than Poland

Net income from abroad > Constant LCU -45,282,045,902.645
Ranked 87th.
236.45 billion
Ranked 6th.

Unemployment, youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24 30%
Ranked 17th. 2 times more than United States
14.7%
Ranked 49th.

Long-term unemployment, male > % of male unemployment 3.2%
Ranked 25th. 33% more than United States
2.4%
Ranked 29th.

Unemployment, female > % of female labor force 10.9%
Ranked 28th. 38% more than United States
7.9%
Ranked 44th.

Unemployment > Male > % of male labor force 16.6%
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than United States
5.6%
Ranked 53th.

Force with secondary education > % of total 71.8%
Ranked 3rd. 82% more than United States
39.5%
Ranked 7th.
Unemployment > Youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24 36.6%
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than United States
12.4%
Ranked 38th.

Compensation of employees > % of expense 12.11%
Ranked 59th.
12.96%
Ranked 55th. 7% more than Poland

Unemployment > Regional unemployment > Range in regional unemployment rate > Small regions > Maximum 22.15%
Ranked 2nd. 2 times more than United States
9.35%
Ranked 17th.
Unemployment > Regional unemployment > Range in regional unemployment rate > Small regions > Minimum 8.04%
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than United States
2.47%
Ranked 21st.
Unemployment > Youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24 37.7%
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than United States
11.3%
Ranked 41st.

Force > Female > % of total labor force 45.73%
Ranked 54th.
46.23%
Ranked 44th. 1% more than Poland

Employment > Employment rates by gender > Employment rates > Men per million 1.67%
Ranked 21st. 7 times more than United States
0.254%
Ranked 30th.
Employment > Part-time employment > Incidence of part-time employment per million 0.336%
Ranked 19th. 8 times more than United States
0.0412%
Ranked 30th.
Employees > Industry > Female > % of female employment 17.9%
Ranked 20th. 90% more than United States
9.4%
Ranked 59th.

Employment > Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Total per million 0.615%
Ranked 19th. 26 times more than United States
0.0235%
Ranked 30th.
Economic activity > Women aged 20-24 62.47%
Ranked 88th.
72.42%
Ranked 52nd. 16% more than Poland
Economic activity > Women aged 65 plus 15.32%
Ranked 66th. 2 times more than United States
7.41%
Ranked 95th.
Unemployment with tertiary education > Male > % of male unemployment 5.2%
Ranked 28th.
46.3%
Ranked 2nd. 9 times more than Poland

Economic activity > Women aged 30-34 82.31%
Ranked 48th. 3% more than United States
79.8%
Ranked 57th.
Personal remittances, received > % of GDP 1.42%
Ranked 78th. 37 times more than United States
0.0387%
Ranked 136th.

Net income from abroad > Current LCU -71,415,000,000
Ranked 124th.
269.9 billion
Ranked 6th.

Unemployment > Long-term unemployment > Long-term unemployment per million 1.2%
Ranked 18th. 37 times more than United States
0.0324%
Ranked 28th.
Unemployment > Total > % of total labor force 17.7%
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than United States
5.5%
Ranked 55th.

Unemployment > Regional unemployment > Gini index of regional unemployment rates > Small regions 0.12 Year 2006
Ranked 24th.
0.139 Year 2006
Ranked 21st. 16% more than Poland
Unemployment > Female > % of female labor force 19.1%
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than United States
5.4%
Ranked 58th.

Long-term unemployment > Female > % of female unemployment 59.3%
Ranked 1st. 5 times more than United States
11%
Ranked 25th.

Long-term unemployment > % of total unemployment 57.7%
Ranked 1st. 5 times more than United States
11.8%
Ranked 25th.

Unemployment with secondary education > Female > % of female unemployment 75.5%
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than United States
34.1%
Ranked 42nd.

Force participation rate > Female > % of female population ages 15-64 57.64%
Ranked 90th.
70.07%
Ranked 34th. 22% more than Poland

Unemployment > Youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24 39.2%
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than United States
10.1%
Ranked 42nd.

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 40-44 91.16%
Ranked 39th. 5% more than United States
87.2%
Ranked 67th.
Economic activity > Women aged 50-54 73.91%
Ranked 42nd. 3% more than United States
72.09%
Ranked 50th.
Economic activity > Women aged 55-59 46.21%
Ranked 71st.
58.96%
Ranked 44th. 28% more than Poland
Unemployment with secondary education > Male > % of male unemployment 75.3%
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than United States
34.5%
Ranked 41st.

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ > Per capita 92.99$ per capita
Ranked 59th. 9 times more than United States
9.87$ per capita
Ranked 124th.

Long term unemployment > Share 43.1%
Ranked 11th. 7 times more than United States
6.1%
Ranked 26th.
Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ 3.55 billion$
Ranked 18th. 21% more than United States
2.92 billion$
Ranked 26th.

Economic activity > Men aged 30-34 96.04%
Ranked 145th. 3% more than United States
93.16%
Ranked 164th.
Employment > Part-time employment > Incidence of part-time employment 12.84%
Ranked 17th. 2% more than United States
12.64%
Ranked 18th.
Unemployment > Unemployed youths per unemployed adult > Women > Aged 15 to 24 2.3 ratio
Ranked 44th.
2.4 ratio
Ranked 42nd. 4% more than Poland

Unemployment > Unemployed youths per unemployed adult > Men > Aged 15 to 24 2.6
Ranked 39th.
3.3
Ranked 25th. 27% more than Poland

Employment > Working more than 40 hours per week > Women > Aged above 14 76.2%
Ranked 5th. 15% more than United States
66.5%
Ranked 8th.

GNI > Current LCU per capita 39,536.6
Ranked 97th.
52,608.35
Ranked 90th. 33% more than Poland

Subsidies and other transfers > % of expense 69.93%
Ranked 10th. 7% more than United States
65.63%
Ranked 21st.

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 50-54 77.36%
Ranked 78th.
80.24%
Ranked 63th. 4% more than Poland
Economic activity > Men aged 50-54 81.05%
Ranked 159th.
88.58%
Ranked 137th. 9% more than Poland
Employees, agriculture, female > % of female employment 11.7%
Ranked 20th. 15 times more than United States
0.8%
Ranked 75th.

Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, male > % 29.5%
Ranked 142nd.
42.6%
Ranked 98th. 44% more than Poland

Employment to population ratio, 15+, female > % 43.6%
Ranked 112th.
52.3%
Ranked 64th. 20% more than Poland

Employment > Working more than 40 hours per week > Men > Aged above 14 89.7%
Ranked 5th. 5% more than United States
85.8%
Ranked 9th.

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 55-59 56.75%
Ranked 105th.
67.56%
Ranked 65th. 19% more than Poland
Employment rate > Source / date of > Information 2003 OECD . 2003 OECD .
Economic activity > Women aged 45-49 83.86%
Ranked 36th. 5% more than United States
80.06%
Ranked 48th.
Force participation rate > Total > % of total population ages 15-64 63.21%
Ranked 141st.
75.75%
Ranked 40th. 20% more than Poland

Self-employed, female > % of females employed 19.2%
Ranked 28th. 3 times more than United States
5.5%
Ranked 77th.

Self-employed, male > % of males employed 25%
Ranked 30th. 3 times more than United States
8%
Ranked 81st.

Self-employed, total > % of total employed 22.4%
Ranked 31st. 3 times more than United States
6.8%
Ranked 85th.

Employment to population ratio, 15+, male > % 58.7%
Ranked 144th.
63.6%
Ranked 122nd. 8% more than Poland

Force participation rate > Male > % of male population ages 15-64 68.83%
Ranked 173th.
81.46%
Ranked 101st. 18% more than Poland

Wage and salaried workers, total > % of total employed 77.6%
Ranked 37th.
93.2%
Ranked 3rd. 20% more than Poland

Employees, industry, female > % of female employment 16.1%
Ranked 21st. 2 times more than United States
7.2%
Ranked 71st.

Employees, industry, male > % of male employment 41.9%
Ranked 5th. 67% more than United States
25.1%
Ranked 52nd.

Employees, services, female > % of female employment 72.2%
Ranked 43th.
91.9%
Ranked 4th. 27% more than Poland

Employees, services, male > % of male employment 44.8%
Ranked 50th.
71.7%
Ranked 6th. 60% more than Poland

Part time employment, female > % of total part time employment 67.6%
Ranked 22nd. 2% more than United States
66.4%
Ranked 24th.

Unemployment, male > % of male labor force 9.4%
Ranked 30th. 15% more than United States
8.2%
Ranked 38th.

Unemployment, total > % of total labor force 10.1%
Ranked 30th. 25% more than United States
8.1%
Ranked 37th.

Economic activity > Men aged 65 plus 24.13%
Ranked 105th. 79% more than United States
13.49%
Ranked 127th.
Long-term unemployment > Male > % of male unemployment 56.1%
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than United States
12.5%
Ranked 25th.

Economic activity > Men aged 25-29 93.66%
Ranked 125th. 3% more than United States
90.93%
Ranked 159th.
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 35-39 91.04%
Ranked 42nd. 4% more than United States
87.29%
Ranked 68th.
Economic activity > Women aged 60-64 29.87%
Ranked 72nd.
33.2%
Ranked 67th. 11% more than Poland
Economic activity > Women aged 35-39 86.61%
Ranked 36th. 7% more than United States
81.1%
Ranked 54th.
Unemployment with tertiary education > Female > % of female unemployment 8.3%
Ranked 28th.
48.5%
Ranked 3rd. 6 times more than Poland

Employment > Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Women per million 0.548%
Ranked 19th. 29 times more than United States
0.019%
Ranked 29th.
Unemployment with tertiary education > % of total unemployment 6.7%
Ranked 31st.
47.3%
Ranked 3rd. 7 times more than Poland

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 20-24 70.21%
Ranked 104th.
75.54%
Ranked 63th. 8% more than Poland
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 25-29 83.84%
Ranked 71st.
85.46%
Ranked 56th. 2% more than Poland
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 60-64 36.95%
Ranked 113th.
41.42%
Ranked 101st. 12% more than Poland
Net income from abroad > Current US$ per million $-568,891,088.06
Ranked 143th.
$859.79 million
Ranked 9th.

Employment in industry > % of total employment 30.7%
Ranked 11th. 49% more than United States
20.6%
Ranked 55th.

Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > Male > % of male unemployment 7.2%
Ranked 55th.
42%
Ranked 3rd. 6 times more than Poland

Net income from abroad > Current LCU per million -1,852,878,273.798
Ranked 102nd.
859.79 million
Ranked 19th.

Unemployment > Unemployment > Total > % of total labor force 7.1%
Ranked 28th. 22% more than United States
5.8%
Ranked 43th.

Labor force > Female > % of total labor force 44.83%
Ranked 74th.
46.09%
Ranked 57th. 3% more than Poland

Share of women employed in the nonagricultural sector > % of total nonagricultural employment 46.7%
Ranked 38th.
47.4%
Ranked 31st. 1% more than Poland

Economic activity > Women aged 15-19 22.47%
Ranked 121st.
37.46%
Ranked 59th. 67% more than Poland
Employment > Employment share by sector > Services > Women > Aged above 14 66.2%
Ranked 52nd.
89.6%
Ranked 5th. 35% more than Poland

Unemployment > Youth unemployment, female 28.9%
Ranked 18th. 84% more than United States
15.7%
Ranked 47th.

Employment > Underemployment > Working less than 20 hours per week > Women > Aged above 14 6%
Ranked 25th.
7.2%
Ranked 19th. 20% more than Poland

Employment > Underemployment > Working less than 20 hours per week > Men > Aged above 14 2.6%
Ranked 17th.
3.2%
Ranked 13th. 23% more than Poland

Part time > Part time employment rate > Women 17.4%
Ranked 20th.
18.3%
Ranked 19th. 5% more than Poland

Part time > Part time employment rate > Men 7.1%
Ranked 14th.
7.8%
Ranked 12th. 10% more than Poland

GNI > Current US$, % of GDP 95.52%
Ranked 126th.
105.29%
Ranked 12th. 10% more than Poland

Expense > % of GDP 34.26%
Ranked 30th. 36% more than United States
25.21%
Ranked 60th.

Economic activity > Men aged 40-44 93.92%
Ranked 159th. 2% more than United States
92.17%
Ranked 163th.
Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ > Per $ GDP 11.7$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 81st. 50 times more than United States
0.235$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 150th.

Unemployment > Unemployment rates > Unemployment rates > Total per million 0.252%
Ranked 17th. 17 times more than United States
0.015%
Ranked 30th.
Economic activity > Men aged 45-49 88.66%
Ranked 166th.
92.2%
Ranked 156th. 4% more than Poland
Economic activity > Men aged 55-59 68.77%
Ranked 150th.
76.57%
Ranked 137th. 11% more than Poland
Economic activity > Men aged 60-64 45.64%
Ranked 128th.
50.34%
Ranked 121st. 10% more than Poland
Economic activity > Women aged 25-29 73.65%
Ranked 66th.
79.87%
Ranked 49th. 8% more than Poland
Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ per capita 92.99$
Ranked 58th. 9 times more than United States
9.89$
Ranked 123th.

Force with tertiary education > % of total 12.9%
Ranked 33th.
43.3%
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than Poland
Employees, agriculture, male > % of male employment 13.3%
Ranked 25th. 6 times more than United States
2.3%
Ranked 74th.

Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, total > % 24.9%
Ranked 136th.
42.2%
Ranked 72nd. 69% more than Poland

Employment to population ratio, 15+, total > % 50.8%
Ranked 132nd.
57.8%
Ranked 95th. 14% more than Poland

Wage and salaried workers, female > % of females employed 80.8%
Ranked 38th.
94.5%
Ranked 8th. 17% more than Poland

Wage and salary workers, male > % of males employed 75%
Ranked 36th.
99.1%
Ranked 2nd. 32% more than Poland

Contributing family workers, female > % of females employed 5%
Ranked 21st. 50 times more than United States
0.1%
Ranked 73th.

Contributing family workers, male > % of males employed 2.4%
Ranked 21st. 24 times more than United States
0.1%
Ranked 73th.

Contributing family workers, total > % of total employed 3.5%
Ranked 23th. 35 times more than United States
0.1%
Ranked 78th.

Unemployment, youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24 24.1%
Ranked 25th. 37% more than United States
17.6%
Ranked 38th.

Unemployment, youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24 26.5%
Ranked 25th. 64% more than United States
16.2%
Ranked 49th.

Long-term unemployment, female > % of female unemployment 3.9%
Ranked 21st. 70% more than United States
2.3%
Ranked 31st.

Force > Total per 1000 454.29
Ranked 79th.
526.07
Ranked 21st. 16% more than Poland

Employees > Services > Female > % of female employment 67.9%
Ranked 52nd.
89.9%
Ranked 5th. 32% more than Poland

Labor force with primary education > % of total 10.2%
Ranked 49th. 7% more than United States
9.5%
Ranked 51st.

Labor force with secondary education > % of total 68.3%
Ranked 5th. 2 times more than United States
29.4%
Ranked 44th.

Labor force with primary education > Male > % of male labor force 11.1%
Ranked 49th.
11.3%
Ranked 48th. 2% more than Poland

Labor force with secondary education > Female > % of female labor force 64.1%
Ranked 4th. 2 times more than United States
28.4%
Ranked 43th.

Labor force with tertiary education > % of total 21.5%
Ranked 34th.
61.1%
Ranked 2nd. 3 times more than Poland

GNI growth > Annual % 1.77%
Ranked 74th.
2.42%
Ranked 67th. 36% more than Poland

GNI per capita > Current LCU 39,536.6
Ranked 97th.
52,608.35
Ranked 90th. 33% more than Poland

Part time employment, male > % of total male employment 4.7%
Ranked 47th.
7.1%
Ranked 31st. 51% more than Poland

Part time employment, total > % of total employment 8%
Ranked 47th.
11.2%
Ranked 37th. 40% more than Poland

SOURCES: ILO (International Labour Organization). 2002. Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002. February 2002; International Labour Organisation, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.; International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators.; World Bank national accounts data; World Bank national accounts data. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: List of minimum wages by country (Countries) ("Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2013" . State.gov . Retrieved 2014-03-04 .); CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.; Wikipedia: Retirement age (Retirement age); Wikipedia: List of minimum wages by country (Countries); OECD; International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Labour Organisation, using World Bank population estimates.; United Nations Statistics Division Original html; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; World Development Indicators database; calculated on the basis of occupational data from ILO (International Labour Organization). 2002. Laboursta Database. February 2002; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; OECD Country statistical profiles 2009; calculated on the basis of data on the economically active population and total population from ILO (International Labour Organization). 2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; United Nations Statistics Division Original html; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Economic activity rate and economically active population, by sex, thirteen age groups, 1950-2010 (ILO estimates and projections) are data from the International Labour Union (ILO). Source details: ILO, Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, fourth edition, diskette database (Geneva, 1997). The latest set of estimates and projections covering the period 1950-2010 (4th edition) was released by ILO in December 1996. These data are updated every five-ten years by ILO and a new set of these data is in preparation; OECD; calculated on the basis of data on male and female unemployment rates from OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development). 2001. Employment Outlook 2001. Paris; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=GenderStat&f=inID%3a109, Part-time employment rate; World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development). 2001. Employment Outlook. Paris; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; OECD Country statistical profiles 2009. 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