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Economy > Debt Stats: compare key data on United Kingdom & United States

Definitions

  • Central government debt, total > Current LCU: Central government debt, total (current LCU). Debt is the entire stock of direct government fixed-term contractual obligations to others outstanding on a particular date. It includes domestic and foreign liabilities such as currency and money deposits, securities other than shares, and loans. It is the gross amount of government liabilities reduced by the amount of equity and financial derivatives held by the government. Because debt is a stock rather than a flow, it is measured as of a given date, usually the last day of the fiscal year.
  • Central government debt, total > Current LCU per capita: Central government debt, total (current LCU). Debt is the entire stock of direct government fixed-term contractual obligations to others outstanding on a particular date. It includes domestic and foreign liabilities such as currency and money deposits, securities other than shares, and loans. It is the gross amount of government liabilities reduced by the amount of equity and financial derivatives held by the government. Because debt is a stock rather than a flow, it is measured as of a given date, usually the last day of the fiscal year. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • External: Total public and private debt owed to non-residents repayable in foreign currency, goods, or services.
  • External > Per capita: Total public and private debt owed to non-residents repayable in foreign currency, goods, or services. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • External per capita: Total public and private debt owed to non-residents repayable in foreign currency, goods, or services. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Government debt > Gross government debt, share of GDP: Gross government debt as % of GDP (IMF).

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Government debt > Net government debt, share of GDP: Net government debt as % of GDP (IMF).
  • Government debt > Public debt, share of GDP: Public debt as % of GDP (CIA).

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Interest payments > Current LCU: Interest payments (current LCU). Interest payments include interest payments on government debt--including long-term bonds, long-term loans, and other debt instruments--to domestic and foreign residents.
  • Interest rates > Central bank discount rate: Compares the annualized interest rate set by centrals banks over loans requested by commercial banks to meet temporary shortages of funds. Through these loans, central banks can influence the commercial banks' interest rates as a tool of monetary policy. Usually their interest rates are lower than the ones offered by commercial banks, which lend it at a higher rate to make their profit.
  • Net current transfers from abroad > Current LCU: Net current transfers from abroad (current LCU). Current transfers comprise transfers of income between residents of the reporting country and the rest of the world that carry no provisions for repayment. Net current transfers from abroad is equal to the unrequited transfers of income from nonresidents to residents minus the unrequited transfers from residents to nonresidents. Data are in current local currency.
  • Net domestic credit > Current LCU: Net domestic credit (current LCU). Net domestic credit is the sum of net claims on the central government and claims on other sectors of the domestic economy (IFS line 32). Data are in current local currency.
  • Net foreign assets > Current LCU: Net foreign assets (current LCU). Net foreign assets are the sum of foreign assets held by monetary authorities and deposit money banks, less their foreign liabilities. Data are in current local currency.
  • Net foreign assets > Current LCU per capita: Net foreign assets (current LCU). Net foreign assets are the sum of foreign assets held by monetary authorities and deposit money banks, less their foreign liabilities. Data are in current local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Strength of legal rights index > 0=weak to 10=strong per million: Strength of legal rights index (0=weak to 10=strong). Strength of legal rights index measures the degree to which collateral and bankruptcy laws protect the rights of borrowers and lenders and thus facilitate lending. The index ranges from 0 to 10, with higher scores indicating that these laws are better designed to expand access to credit. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Banks > Automated teller machines > ATMs > Per 100,000 adults: Automated teller machines (ATMs) (per 100,000 adults). Automated teller machines are computerized telecommunications devices that provide clients of a financial institution with access to financial transactions in a public place.
  • Government debt > Net government debt, share of GDP per million people: Net government debt as % of GDP (IMF). Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • External > Per $ GDP: Total public and private debt owed to non-residents repayable in foreign currency, goods, or services. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Net current transfers from abroad > Constant LCU per capita: Net current transfers from abroad (constant LCU). Current transfers comprise transfers of income between residents of the reporting country and the rest of the world that carry no provisions for repayment. Net current transfers from abroad is equal to the unrequited transfers of income from nonresidents to residents minus the unrequited transfers from residents to nonresidents. Data are in constant local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Net current transfers from abroad > Current US$: Net current transfers from abroad (current US$). Current transfers comprise transfers of income between residents of the reporting country and the rest of the world that carry no provisions for repayment. Net current transfers from abroad is equal to the unrequited transfers of income from nonresidents to residents minus the unrequited transfers from residents to nonresidents. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Net domestic credit > Current LCU per capita: Net domestic credit (current LCU). Net domestic credit is the sum of net claims on the central government and claims on other sectors of the domestic economy (IFS line 32). Data are in current local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Interest payments > Current LCU per capita: Interest payments (current LCU). Interest payments include interest payments on government debt--including long-term bonds, long-term loans, and other debt instruments--to domestic and foreign residents. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Credit depth of information index > 0=low to 6=high: Credit depth of information index (0=low to 6=high). Credit depth of information index measures rules affecting the scope, accessibility, and quality of credit information available through public or private credit registries. The index ranges from 0 to 6, with higher values indicating the availability of more credit information, from either a public registry or a private bureau, to facilitate lending decisions.
  • Credit depth of information index > 0=low to 6=high per million: Credit depth of information index (0=low to 6=high). Credit depth of information index measures rules affecting the scope, accessibility, and quality of credit information available through public or private credit registries. The index ranges from 0 to 6, with higher values indicating the availability of more credit information, from either a public registry or a private bureau, to facilitate lending decisions. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Net current transfers from abroad > Constant LCU: Net current transfers from abroad (constant LCU). Current transfers comprise transfers of income between residents of the reporting country and the rest of the world that carry no provisions for repayment. Net current transfers from abroad is equal to the unrequited transfers of income from nonresidents to residents minus the unrequited transfers from residents to nonresidents. Data are in constant local currency.
  • Interest payments > % of expense: Interest payments (% of expense). Interest payments include interest payments on government debt--including long-term bonds, long-term loans, and other debt instruments--to domestic and foreign residents.
  • Banks > Risk premium on lending > Prime rate minus treasury bill rate, %: Risk premium on lending (prime rate minus treasury bill rate, %). Risk premium on lending is the interest rate charged by banks on loans to private sector customers minus the "risk free" treasury bill interest rate at which short-term government securities are issued or traded in the market. In some countries this spread may be negative, indicating that the market considers its best corporate clients to be lower risk than the government. The terms and conditions attached to lending rates differ by country, however, limiting their comparability.
  • Government debt > Gross government debt as % of GDP: Gross government debt as % of GDP (IMF).

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Government debt > Public debt as % of GDP: Public debt as % of GDP (CIA).

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Bank capital to assets ratio > %: Bank capital to assets ratio (%). Bank capital to assets is the ratio of bank capital and reserves to total assets. Capital and reserves include funds contributed by owners, retained earnings, general and special reserves, provisions, and valuation adjustments. Capital includes tier 1 capital (paid-up shares and common stock), which is a common feature in all countries' banking systems, and total regulatory capital, which includes several specified types of subordinated debt instruments that need not be repaid if the funds are required to maintain minimum capital levels (these comprise tier 2 and tier 3 capital). Total assets include all nonfinancial and financial assets.
  • Net current transfers from abroad > Current US$ per capita: Net current transfers from abroad (current US$). Current transfers comprise transfers of income between residents of the reporting country and the rest of the world that carry no provisions for repayment. Net current transfers from abroad is equal to the unrequited transfers of income from nonresidents to residents minus the unrequited transfers from residents to nonresidents. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Net current transfers from abroad > Current LCU per capita: Net current transfers from abroad (current LCU). Current transfers comprise transfers of income between residents of the reporting country and the rest of the world that carry no provisions for repayment. Net current transfers from abroad is equal to the unrequited transfers of income from nonresidents to residents minus the unrequited transfers from residents to nonresidents. Data are in current local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Claims on private sector > Annual growth as % of broad money: Claims on private sector (annual growth as % of broad money). Claims on private sector (IFS line 32D..ZK or 32D..ZF) include gross credit from the financial system to individuals, enterprises, nonfinancial public entities not included under net domestic credit, and financial institutions not included elsewhere.
  • Cash surplus/deficit > Current LCU: Cash surplus/deficit (current LCU). Cash surplus or deficit is revenue (including grants) minus expense, minus net acquisition of nonfinancial assets. In the 1986 GFS manual nonfinancial assets were included under revenue and expenditure in gross terms. This cash surplus or deficit is closest to the earlier overall budget balance (still missing is lending minus repayments, which are now a financing item under net acquisition of financial assets).
  • Cash surplus/deficit > % of GDP: Cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP). Cash surplus or deficit is revenue (including grants) minus expense, minus net acquisition of nonfinancial assets. In the 1986 GFS manual nonfinancial assets were included under revenue and expenditure in gross terms. This cash surplus or deficit is closest to the earlier overall budget balance (still missing is lending minus repayments, which are now a financing item under net acquisition of financial assets).
  • Private credit bureau coverage > % of adults: Private credit bureau coverage (% of adults). Private credit bureau coverage reports the number of individuals or firms listed by a private credit bureau with current information on repayment history, unpaid debts, or credit outstanding. The number is expressed as a percentage of the adult population.
  • Central government debt, total > % of GDP: Central government debt, total (% of GDP). Debt is the entire stock of direct government fixed-term contractual obligations to others outstanding on a particular date. It includes domestic and foreign liabilities such as currency and money deposits, securities other than shares, and loans. It is the gross amount of government liabilities reduced by the amount of equity and financial derivatives held by the government. Because debt is a stock rather than a flow, it is measured as of a given date, usually the last day of the fiscal year.
  • Interest payments > % of revenue: Interest payments (% of revenue). Interest payments include interest payments on government debt--including long-term bonds, long-term loans, and other debt instruments--to domestic and foreign residents.
  • Public credit registry coverage > % of adults: Public credit registry coverage (% of adults). Public credit registry coverage reports the number of individuals and firms listed in a public credit registry with current information on repayment history, unpaid debts, or credit outstanding. The number is expressed as a percentage of the adult population.
  • Net current transfers from abroad > Current US$, % of GDP: Net current transfers from abroad (current US$). Current transfers comprise transfers of income between residents of the reporting country and the rest of the world that carry no provisions for repayment. Net current transfers from abroad is equal to the unrequited transfers of income from nonresidents to residents minus the unrequited transfers from residents to nonresidents. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • External, % of GDP: Total public and private debt owed to non-residents repayable in foreign currency, goods, or services. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Government debt > Net government debt as % of GDP per million people: Net government debt as % of GDP (IMF). Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Cash surplus/deficit > Current LCU per million: Cash surplus/deficit (current LCU). Cash surplus or deficit is revenue (including grants) minus expense, minus net acquisition of nonfinancial assets. In the 1986 GFS manual nonfinancial assets were included under revenue and expenditure in gross terms. This cash surplus or deficit is closest to the earlier overall budget balance (still missing is lending minus repayments, which are now a financing item under net acquisition of financial assets). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Banks > Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans > %: Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%). Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans are the value of nonperforming loans divided by the total value of the loan portfolio (including nonperforming loans before the deduction of specific loan-loss provisions). The loan amount recorded as nonperforming should be the gross value of the loan as recorded on the balance sheet, not just the amount that is overdue.
  • Banks > Commercial bank branches > Per 100,000 adults: Commercial bank branches (per 100,000 adults). Commercial bank branches are retail locations of resident commercial banks and other resident banks that function as commercial banks that provide financial services to customers and are physically separated from the main office but not organized as legally separated subsidiaries.
  • Banks > Lending interest rate > %: Lending interest rate (%). Lending rate is the bank rate that usually meets the short- and medium-term financing needs of the private sector. This rate is normally differentiated according to creditworthiness of borrowers and objectives of financing. The terms and conditions attached to these rates differ by country, however, limiting their comparability.
  • Banks > Real interest rate > %: Real interest rate (%). Real interest rate is the lending interest rate adjusted for inflation as measured by the GDP deflator.
  • Claims on central government, etc. > % GDP: Claims on central government, etc. (% GDP). Claims on central government (IFS line 52AN or 32AN) include loans to central government institutions net of deposits.
  • Strength of legal rights index > 0=weak to 10=strong: Strength of legal rights index (0=weak to 10=strong). Strength of legal rights index measures the degree to which collateral and bankruptcy laws protect the rights of borrowers and lenders and thus facilitate lending. The index ranges from 0 to 10, with higher scores indicating that these laws are better designed to expand access to credit.
  • Government debt > Net government debt as % of GDP: Net government debt as % of GDP (IMF).
STAT United Kingdom United States HISTORY
Central government debt, total > Current LCU 1.53 trillion
Ranked 17th.
12.26 trillion
Ranked 8th. 8 times more than United Kingdom

Central government debt, total > Current LCU per capita 24,452.9
Ranked 30th.
39,342.95
Ranked 20th. 61% more than United Kingdom

External $10.09 trillion
Ranked 2nd.
$15.93 trillion
Ranked 1st. 58% more than United Kingdom

External > Per capita $171,942.20 per capita
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than United States
$40,678.76 per capita
Ranked 12th.

External per capita $171,348.98
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than United States
$40,666.44
Ranked 13th.

Government debt > Gross government debt, share of GDP 90.31 IMF
Ranked 16th.
106.53 IMF
Ranked 11th. 18% more than United Kingdom
Government debt > Net government debt, share of GDP 82.78 IMF
Ranked 13th.
87.86 IMF
Ranked 10th. 6% more than United Kingdom
Government debt > Public debt, share of GDP 90 CIA
Ranked 17th. 24% more than United States
72.5 CIA
Ranked 35th.
Interest payments > Current LCU 48.91 billion
Ranked 32nd.
324.26 billion
Ranked 15th. 7 times more than United Kingdom

Interest rates > Central bank discount rate 0.5%
Ranked 90th. Twice as much as United States
0.25%
Ranked 92nd.
Net current transfers from abroad > Current LCU -20,685,000,000
Ranked 118th.
-144,700,000,000
Ranked 130th. 7 times more than United Kingdom

Net domestic credit > Current LCU 3.24 trillion
Ranked 36th.
16.15 trillion
Ranked 16th. 5 times more than United Kingdom

Net foreign assets > Current LCU 180.31 billion
Ranked 76th.
-125,482,689,271
Ranked 162nd.

Net foreign assets > Current LCU per capita 2,851.71
Ranked 119th.
-399.736
Ranked 157th.

Strength of legal rights index > 0=weak to 10=strong per million 0.158
Ranked 147th. 6 times more than United States
0.0287
Ranked 182nd.

Banks > Automated teller machines > ATMs > Per 100,000 adults 124.28
Ranked 9th.
173.43
Ranked 4th. 40% more than United Kingdom

Government debt > Net government debt, share of GDP per million people 1.31 IMF
Ranked 57th. 5 times more than United States
0.277 IMF
Ranked 77th.
External > Per $ GDP $3,530.89 per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 2nd. 5 times more than United States
$760.50 per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 31st.

Net current transfers from abroad > Constant LCU per capita -62.713
Ranked 74th.
753.24
Ranked 45th.

Net current transfers from abroad > Current US$ $-32,677,725,118.48
Ranked 129th.
$-144,700,000,000.00
Ranked 132nd. 4 times more than United Kingdom

Net domestic credit > Current LCU per capita 51,222.99
Ranked 76th.
51,447.71
Ranked 73th. About the same as United Kingdom

Interest payments > Current LCU per capita 779.43
Ranked 55th.
1,040.67
Ranked 48th. 34% more than United Kingdom

Credit depth of information index > 0=low to 6=high 6
Ranked 18th. The same as United States
6
Ranked 9th.

Credit depth of information index > 0=low to 6=high per million 0.0949
Ranked 113th. 5 times more than United States
0.0191
Ranked 142nd.

Net current transfers from abroad > Constant LCU -3,965,217,178.015
Ranked 78th.
236.45 billion
Ranked 14th.

Interest payments > % of expense 7.28%
Ranked 40th.
8.28%
Ranked 34th. 14% more than United Kingdom

Banks > Risk premium on lending > Prime rate minus treasury bill rate, % 0.187%
Ranked 73th.
3.16%
Ranked 53th. 17 times more than United Kingdom

Government debt > Gross government debt as % of GDP 90.31 IMF
Ranked 16th.
106.53 IMF
Ranked 11th. 18% more than United Kingdom
Government debt > Public debt as % of GDP 90 CIA
Ranked 17th. 24% more than United States
72.5 CIA
Ranked 35th.
Bank capital to assets ratio > % 5.1%
Ranked 93th.
11.3%
Ranked 24th. 2 times more than United Kingdom

Net current transfers from abroad > Current US$ per capita $-516.83
Ranked 122nd. 12% more than United States
$-460.95
Ranked 121st.

Net current transfers from abroad > Current LCU per capita -327.152
Ranked 111th.
-460.954
Ranked 113th. 41% more than United Kingdom

Claims on private sector > Annual growth as % of broad money -3.087%
Ranked 137th.
2.71%
Ranked 109th.

Cash surplus/deficit > Current LCU -117,429,000,000
Ranked 84th.
-1,401,093,000,000
Ranked 98th. 12 times more than United Kingdom

Cash surplus/deficit > % of GDP -7.64%
Ranked 98th.
-9.02%
Ranked 101st. 18% more than United Kingdom

Private credit bureau coverage > % of adults 100%
Ranked 12th. The same as United States
100%
Ranked 8th.

Central government debt, total > % of GDP 99.84%
Ranked 8th. 27% more than United States
78.92%
Ranked 14th.

Interest payments > % of revenue 8.71%
Ranked 33th.
12.76%
Ranked 17th. 46% more than United Kingdom

Public credit registry coverage > % of adults 0.0
Ranked 145th.
0.0
Ranked 120th.

Net current transfers from abroad > Current US$, % of GDP -1.342%
Ranked 118th. 45% more than United States
-0.923%
Ranked 112th.

External, % of GDP 369.84%
Ranked 2nd. 4 times more than United States
87.74%
Ranked 26th.

Government debt > Net government debt as % of GDP per million people 1.31 IMF
Ranked 57th. 5 times more than United States
0.277 IMF
Ranked 77th.
Cash surplus/deficit > Current LCU per million -1,871,304,767.086
Ranked 71st.
-4,496,623,192.737
Ranked 82nd. 2 times more than United Kingdom

Banks > Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans > % 4%
Ranked 54th. 3% more than United States
3.9%
Ranked 33th.

Banks > Commercial bank branches > Per 100,000 adults 24.23
Ranked 46th.
35.26
Ranked 28th. 46% more than United Kingdom

Banks > Lending interest rate > % 0.5%
Ranked 128th.
3.25%
Ranked 123th. 7 times more than United Kingdom

Banks > Real interest rate > % -1.156%
Ranked 118th.
1.48%
Ranked 104th.

Claims on central government, etc. > % GDP 30.43%
Ranked 11th.
33.14%
Ranked 9th. 9% more than United Kingdom

Strength of legal rights index > 0=weak to 10=strong 10
Ranked 6th. 11% more than United States
9
Ranked 17th.

Government debt > Net government debt as % of GDP 82.78 IMF
Ranked 13th.
87.86 IMF
Ranked 10th. 6% more than United Kingdom

SOURCES: International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators.; International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: List of countries by public debt (List); Wikipedia: List of countries by public debt (List) (Government net & gross debt 2013 , International Monetary Fund , April 2013 World Economic Outlook Databse.); Wikipedia: List of countries by public debt (List) (Public debt , The World Factbook , United States Central Intelligence Agency , accessed on March 21, 2013.); Wikipedia: List of countries by central bank interest rates (https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2207rank.html http://www.worldinterestrates.info/ http://www.forexmotion.com/index.php/en/exchange-rates.html); World Bank national accounts data; International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators.; International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/). Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Monetary Fund, Financial Access Survey. World Bank World Development Indicators.; Wikipedia: List of countries by public debt (List) (Government net & gross debt 2013 , International Monetary Fund , April 2013 World Economic Outlook Databse.). Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank national accounts data. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).; International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics database. World Bank World Development Indicators.; International Monetary Fund, Global Financial Stability Report. World Bank World Development Indicators.; International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files, and World Bank and OECD GDP estimates. World Bank World Development Indicators.; World Bank national accounts data. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.; International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics and data files using World Bank data on the GDP deflator. World Bank World Development Indicators.; International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics and data files, and World Bank and OECD GDP estimates. World Bank World Development Indicators.

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