×

Labor Stats: compare key data on United Kingdom & United States

Compare vs for  

Definitions

  • Agricultural workers > Male: Proportion of employed males engaged in the agricultural sector. Employment by economic activity (%) (most recent year available between 1995 and 2001). Note: As a result of a number of limitations in the data, comparisons of labour statistics over time and across countries should be made with caution. For detailed notes on the data see ILO (2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; 2002. Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002. February 2002; and 2002. Laboursta Database. February 2002). The percentage shares of employment by economic activity may not sum to 100 because of rounding or the omission of activities not classified.
  • Employment rate > Adults: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Expense > Current LCU: Expense (current LCU). Expense is cash payments for operating activities of the government in providing goods and services. It includes compensation of employees (such as wages and salaries), interest and subsidies, grants, social benefits, and other expenses such as rent and dividends.
  • Female doctors: Female doctors as % of the total - 2000.
  • GNI > Current US$: GNI (current US$). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Hours worked > Standard workweek: Standard workweek (hours).
  • Labor force: The total labor force figure
  • Labor force > By occupation: Component parts of the labor force by occupation.
  • Labor force per 1000: The total labor force figure. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Labor force, total: Labor force, total. Total labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector.
  • Salaries and benefits > Hourly minimum wage: Hourly minimum wage at international USD (this means that discrepancies in purchasing power have been compensated for).
  • Salaries and benefits > Minimum wage: Minimum wage.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Strikes: Strikes five-year average in days not worked per 1000 employees (1996-2000)
  • Trade union membership: Union members as % of all employees. Figures are for 2000.
  • Unemployment rate: The percent of the labor force that is without jobs. Substantial underemployment might be noted.
  • GNI > Current US$ per capita: GNI (current US$). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Male retirement age: Men.

    Denmark had range specified: 65-67

    Finland had range specified: 62-68

    Netherlands had range specified: 65-67

    Sweden had range specified: 61-67

    United States had range specified: 62-67

  • Female retirement age: Women.

    China had range specified: 50-55

    Czech Republic had range specified: 59-63

    Denmark had range specified: 65-67

    Finland had range specified: 62-68

    Greece had range specified: 60-67

    Netherlands had range specified: 65-67

    Sweden had range specified: 61-67

    United States had range specified: 62-67

  • Labor force, total per 1000: Labor force, total. Total labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Working mothers: Working proportion of mothers with children under 6 years old 2001
  • Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Both sexes: Percentage of unemployed people out of total population able to work. Workers not able to work due to labor disputes, sickness and childcare do not count towards the percentage. 
  • GNI per capita > Constant LCU: GNI per capita (constant LCU). GNI per capita is gross national income divided by midyear population. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in constant local currency.
  • Expense > Current LCU per capita: Expense (current LCU). Expense is cash payments for operating activities of the government in providing goods and services. It includes compensation of employees (such as wages and salaries), interest and subsidies, grants, social benefits, and other expenses such as rent and dividends. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Employment rate > Women: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Labor force > Total: Total labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organisation definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector."
  • Industrial workers > Male: Proportion of employed males engaged in the industrial sector. Employment by economic activity (%) (most recent year available between 1995 and 2001). Note: As a result of a number of limitations in the data, comparisons of labour statistics over time and across countries should be made with caution. For detailed notes on the data see ILO (2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; 2002. Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002. February 2002; and 2002. Laboursta Database. February 2002). The percentage shares of employment by economic activity may not sum to 100 because of rounding or the omission of activities not classified.
  • Employment rate > Men: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men: Employment-to-population ratio, men, percentage.
  • Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Men: Percentage of unemployed men out of total male population able to work. Men not able to work due to labor disputes, sickness and childcare do not count towards the percentage.
  • Compensation of employees > Current LCU: Compensation of employees consists of all payments in cash, as well as in kind (such as food and housing), to employees in return for services rendered, and government contributions to social insurance schemes such as social security and pensions that provide benefits to employees.
  • Unemployment > Long-term unemployment rate: Long-term unemployment refers to the number of people with continuous periods of unemployment extending for a year or longer, expressed as a percentage of the total unemployed."
  • Force > Total > Per capita: Total labor force comprises people who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Force > Total: Total labor force comprises people who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector.
  • Female decision makers: Female legislators, senior officials and managers (as % of total). Data refer to the latest year available during the period 1991-2000. Those for countries that have implemented the recent International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO-88) are not strictly comparable with those for countries using the previous classification (ISCO-68).
  • Agricultural workers > Female: Proportion of employed females engaged in the agricultural sector. Employment by economic activity (%) (most recent year available between 1995 and 2001). Note: As a result of a number of limitations in the data, comparisons of labour statistics over time and across countries should be made with caution. For detailed notes on the data see ILO (2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; 2002. Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002. February 2002; and 2002. Laboursta Database. February 2002). The percentage shares of employment by economic activity may not sum to 100 because of rounding or the omission of activities not classified.
  • Employment > Employment share by sector > Industry > Men > Aged above 14: Percent employed in industry.
  • Employment > Percent of population are employees > Women: Number of female self-reported employees (formal or informal), expressed as a percentage of the total female employed population.
  • Unemployment > Youth unemployment, both sexes: Percentage of population aged 15-24 that is unemployed. 
  • Unemployment > Regional unemployment > National unemployment rate: Unemployed persons are defined as those who report that they are without work, that they are available for work and that they have taken active steps to find work in the last four weeks preceding the survey. The ILO Guidelines specify what actions count as active steps to find work and these include answering vacancy notices, visiting factories, construction sites and other places of work, and placing advertisements in the press as well as registering with labour offices.

    The unemployment rate is defined as the number of unemployed persons as a percentage of the labour force, where the latter consists of unemployed and employed persons.

    When unemployment is high, some persons become discouraged and stop looking for work. They are then excluded from the labour force so that the unemployment rate may fall, or stop rising, even though there has been no underlying improvement in the labour market.

    The Gini index offers an accurate picture of regional disparities. It looks not only at the regions with the highest and the lowest rates of unemployment but also at the differences among all regions. The index ranges between 0 and 1: the higher its value, the larger the regional disparities. Regional disparities tend to be underestimated when the size of regions is large.

    The youth unemployment rate is defined as the ratio between the unemployed person aged between 15 and 24 and the labour force in the same age group.
  • GNI > Current LCU: GNI (current LCU). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current local currency.
  • Unemployment: Unemployed as proportion of the total labour force. Data for 2000-2002.
  • Employment > Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Women: Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week.

    Self-employed persons include employers, own-account workers, members of producers’ co-operatives, and unpaid family workers. The last of these are unpaid in the sense that they do not have a formal contract to receive a fixed amount of income at regular intervals, but they share in the income generated by the enterprise; unpaid family workers are particularly important in farming and retail trade. Note that all persons who work in corporate enterprises, including company directors, are considered to be employees.

    The rates shown here are the percentages of the self-employed in total civilian employment i.e., total employment less military employees.
  • Female economic activity: Female economic activity rate (aged 15 and above) in 2000.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women: Employment-to-population ratio, women, percentage.
  • Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Women: Percentage of unemployed women out of total female population able to work. Women not able to work due to labor disputes, sickness and childcare do not count towards the percentage.
  • Labor force > Per capita: The total labor force figure Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Days off work: Number of days not worked for every 1000 salaried employees. Selected OECD countries only. Data for 2000.
  • Industrial workers > Female: Proportion of employed females engaged in the industrial sector. Employment by economic activity (%) (most recent year available between 1995 and 2001). Note: As a result of a number of limitations in the data, comparisons of labour statistics over time and across countries should be made with caution. For detailed notes on the data see ILO (2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; 2002. Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002. February 2002; and 2002. Laboursta Database. February 2002). The percentage shares of employment by economic activity may not sum to 100 because of rounding or the omission of activities not classified.
  • Work Time > More than 40 hours: Percentage of persons in employment working more than 40 hours/week. Data is for 2000.
  • Employment rate > Young adults: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Female professionals: Female professional and technical workers (as % of total)
  • Net income from abroad > Current US$: Net income from abroad (current US$). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Unemployment gender ratio: Female unemployment rate as a % of the male unemployment rate.
  • Part time employment rate > Men > Aged above 14: Percent of males over the age of 14 years who work less than 30 hours a week (either as employees or self-employed) as a percentage of all males in employment.
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ per capita: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Employment > Employment rates by gender > Employment rates > Men: Employment rates are calculated as the ratio of the employed to the working age population. To calculate this employment rate, the population of working age is divided into two groups: those who are employed and those who are not. Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week. Those not in employment consist of persons who are out of work but seeking employment, students and all others who have excluded themselves from the labour force for one reason or another, such as incapacity or the need to look after young children or elderly relatives.

    Working age is generally defined as persons in the 15 to 64 age bracket although in some countries working age is defined as 16 to 64.
  • Rigidity of employment index > 0=less rigid to 100=more rigid: The rigidity of employment index measures the regulation of employment, specifically the hiring and firing of workers and the rigidity of working hours. This index is the average of three subindexes: a difficulty of hiring index, a rigidity of hours index, and a difficulty of firing index. The index ranges from 0 to 100, with higher values indicating more rigid regulations."
  • Employment > Percent of population are employees > Men: Number of male self-reported employees (formal or informal), expressed as a percentage of the total male employed population.
  • Employment > Employment share by sector > Agriculture > Men > Aged above 14: Percent employed in agriculture.
  • Service workers > Male: Proportion of employed males engaged in the service sector. Employment by economic activity (%) (most recent year available between 1995 and 2001). Note: As a result of a number of limitations in the data, comparisons of labour statistics over time and across countries should be made with caution. For detailed notes on the data see ILO (2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; 2002. Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002. February 2002; and 2002. Laboursta Database. February 2002). The percentage shares of employment by economic activity may not sum to 100 because of rounding or the omission of activities not classified.
  • Female economic activity growth: The % change in the female economic activity rate (aged 15 and above) from 1990 to 2000.
  • Employment rate > Young men: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Employment rate > Young women: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ > Per capita: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Hours worked: Number of hours worked in 2003; average of all people in employment. Note that different nations use very different practices and definitions in this data field, so comparisons such as this table are tentative at best.
  • Unemployment > Unemployment rates > Unemployment rates > Total: Unemployed persons are defined as those who report that they are without work, that they are available for work and that they have taken active steps to find work in the last four weeks. The ILO Guidelines specify what actions count as active steps to find work and these include answering vacancy notices, visiting factories, construction sites and other places of work, and placing advertisements in the press as well as registering with labour offices.

    The unemployment rate is defined as the number of unemployed persons as a percentage of the labour force, where the latter consists of the unemployed plus those in employment, which are defined as persons who have worked for one hour or more in the last week.

    When unemployment is high, some persons become discouraged and stop looking for work. They are then excluded from the labour force so that the unemployment rate may fall, or stop rising, even though there has been no underlying improvement in the labour market.
  • Employment > Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Total: Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week.

    Self-employed persons include employers, own-account workers, members of producers’ co-operatives, and unpaid family workers. The last of these are unpaid in the sense that they do not have a formal contract to receive a fixed amount of income at regular intervals, but they share in the income generated by the enterprise; unpaid family workers are particularly important in farming and retail trade. Note that all persons who work in corporate enterprises, including company directors, are considered to be employees.

    The rates shown here are the percentages of the self-employed in total civilian employment i.e., total employment less military employees.
  • GDP per person employed > Constant 1990 PPP $: GDP per person employed is gross domestic product (GDP) divided by total employment in the economy. Purchasing power parity (PPP) GDP is GDP converted to 1990 constant international dollars using PPP rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GDP that a U.S. dollar has in the United States.
  • GNI per capita > Constant 2000 US$: GNI per capita (constant 2000 US$). GNI per capita is gross national income divided by midyear population. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars.
  • GNI > Constant LCU: GNI (constant LCU). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in constant local currency.
  • GNI > Constant LCU per capita: GNI (constant LCU). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in constant local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Service workers > Female: Proportion of employed females engaged in the service sector. Employment by economic activity (%) (most recent year available between 1995 and 2001). Note: As a result of a number of limitations in the data, comparisons of labour statistics over time and across countries should be made with caution. For detailed notes on the data see ILO (2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; 2002. Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002. February 2002; and 2002. Laboursta Database. February 2002). The percentage shares of employment by economic activity may not sum to 100 because of rounding or the omission of activities not classified.
  • Long term unemployment: Long term unemployment as a % of labour force, 2000. Long term implies 12 months or longer.
  • Part time employment rate > Women > Aged above 14: Percent of females over the age of 14 years who work less than 30 hours a week (either as employees or self-employed) as a percentage of all females in employment.
  • Employment > Employment share by sector > Agriculture > Women > Aged above 14: Percent employed in agriculture.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men aged above 14: Employment-to-population ratio.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women aged 15 to 24: Employment-to-population ratio.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women aged above 14: Employment-to-population ratio.
  • Unemployment > Youth unemployment, male: Percentage of male population aged 15-24 that is unemployed. 
  • Gender division of housework: Gender Division of Labour Index, 1994 Range = 1.00 (female does all) through 2.50 (equality) to 5.00 (male does all).
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ > Per $ GDP: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration.
  • Unemployment > Regional unemployment > National unemployment rate per million: Unemployed persons are defined as those who report that they are without work, that they are available for work and that they have taken active steps to find work in the last four weeks preceding the survey. The ILO Guidelines specify what actions count as active steps to find work and these include answering vacancy notices, visiting factories, construction sites and other places of work, and placing advertisements in the press as well as registering with labour offices.

    The unemployment rate is defined as the number of unemployed persons as a percentage of the labour force, where the latter consists of unemployed and employed persons.

    When unemployment is high, some persons become discouraged and stop looking for work. They are then excluded from the labour force so that the unemployment rate may fall, or stop rising, even though there has been no underlying improvement in the labour market.

    The Gini index offers an accurate picture of regional disparities. It looks not only at the regions with the highest and the lowest rates of unemployment but also at the differences among all regions. The index ranges between 0 and 1: the higher its value, the larger the regional disparities. Regional disparities tend to be underestimated when the size of regions is large.

    The youth unemployment rate is defined as the ratio between the unemployed person aged between 15 and 24 and the labour force in the same age group. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Foreign labor force: Foreign labour force 2000
  • Unemployment > Long-term unemployment > Long-term unemployment: Long-term unemployment is conventionally defined either as those unemployed for 6 months or more or, as here, those unemployed for 12 months or more. The ratios calculated here show the proportion of these long-term unemployed among all unemployed.

    Unemployment is defined in most OECD countries in accordance with the ILO Guidelines. Unemployment is usually measured by household labour force surveys and the unemployed are defined as those persons who report that they have worked in gainful employment for less than one hour in the previous week, who are available for work and who have taken actions to seek employment in the previous four weeks. The ILO Guidelines specify the kinds of actions that count as seeking work.
  • Total work time > Males: Total work time (minutes per day)
  • Employment > Employment share by sector > Services > Men > Aged above 14: Percent employed in services.
  • Employment > Employment share by sector > Industry > Women > Aged above 14: Percent employed in industry.
  • Working time to buy > A car: Hours worked by average worker to buy a car. Indicative of the purchasing power of the currency of the country.
  • Work time > Market-oriented: Classification of market and non-market activities are not strictly based on the 1993 revised UN System of National Accounts, so comparisons between countries and areas must be made with caution.
  • Total work time > Females: Total work time (minutes per day)
  • Working time to buy > Chicken: Number of minutes worked by average worker to buy one kilo of chicken. The comparison of income levels only becomes meaningful if the cost of buying the necessities and luxuries of life is also considered.
  • Working time to buy > Milk: Number of minutes worked by average worker to buy 1 litre of milk.
  • Total work time > Females over males: Female total work time as a % of male total work time
  • Unemployment and education > Tertiary: Unemployment rates among people of all ages who are educated to tertiary levels. Data is for 2000.
  • Employment rate of highly educated women: Employment rate of women aged 25-54, 2000, who are educated upto or more than tertiary level.
  • Researchers in labor force: Number of researchers per 10000 in the labour force (1999).
  • Work time > Non-market-oriented: Classification of market and non-market activities are not strictly based on the 1993 revised UN System of National Accounts, so comparisons between countries and areas must be made with caution.
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > % of total unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with primary education > Male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with secondary education > Female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
  • Unemployment > Long-term unemployment rate > Female: Long-term unemployment refers to the number of people with continuous periods of unemployment extending for a year or longer, expressed as a percentage of the total unemployed."
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with primary education > Female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > Female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
  • Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Working time to buy > Beef: Number of minutes worked by average worker to buy one kilo of beef. The comparison of income levels only becomes meaningful if the cost of buying the necessities and luxuries of life is also considered.
  • Working time to buy > Bread: Number of minutes worked by average worker to buy bread.
  • Unemployment benefit as % of GDP: Expenditure on unemployment benefits as % of GDP (Year 1998).
  • Net income from abroad > Current US$, % of GDP: Net income from abroad (current US$). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Net income from abroad > Constant LCU per million: Net income from abroad (constant LCU). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in constant local currency. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men aged 15 to 24: Employment-to-population ratio.
  • GNI growth > Annual %: GNI growth (annual %). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad.
  • GNI per capita > Current LCU: GNI per capita (current LCU). GNI per capita is gross national income divided by midyear population. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current local currency.
  • Net income from abroad > Constant LCU: Net income from abroad (constant LCU). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in constant local currency.
  • Part time employment, male > % of total male employment: Part time employment, male (% of total male employment). Part time employment refers to regular employment in which working time is substantially less than normal. Definitions of part time employment differ by country.
  • Part time employment, total > % of total employment: Part time employment, total (% of total employment). Part time employment refers to regular employment in which working time is substantially less than normal. Definitions of part time employment differ by country.
  • Unemployment, youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24: Unemployment, youth female (% of female labor force ages 15-24). Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Long-term unemployment, male > % of male unemployment: Long-term unemployment, male (% of male unemployment). Long-term unemployment refers to the number of people with continuous periods of unemployment extending for a year or longer, expressed as a percentage of the total unemployed.
  • Unemployment, female > % of female labor force: Unemployment, female (% of female labor force). Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Working time to buy > A television set: Hours worked by average worker to buy a television set. Indicative of the purchasing power of the currency of the country.
  • Working time to buy > A refrigerator: Hours worked by average worker to buy a refrigerator. Indicative of the purchasing power of the currency of the country.
  • Unemployment > Male > % of male labor force: Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Force with secondary education > % of total: Labor force with secondary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a secondary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Unemployment > Youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Long-term unemployment > Male > % of male unemployment: Long-term unemployment refers to the number of people with continuous periods of unemployment extending for a year or longer, expressed as a percentage of the total unemployed.
  • Compensation of employees > % of expense: Compensation of employees consists of all payments in cash, as well as in kind (such as food and housing), to employees in return for services rendered, and government contributions to social insurance schemes such as social security and pensions that provide benefits to employees.
  • Unemployment > Regional unemployment > Range in regional unemployment rate > Small regions > Maximum: Unemployed persons are defined as those who report that they are without work, that they are available for work and that they have taken active steps to find work in the last four weeks preceding the survey. The ILO Guidelines specify what actions count as active steps to find work and these include answering vacancy notices, visiting factories, construction sites and other places of work, and placing advertisements in the press as well as registering with labour offices.

    The unemployment rate is defined as the number of unemployed persons as a percentage of the labour force, where the latter consists of unemployed and employed persons.

    When unemployment is high, some persons become discouraged and stop looking for work. They are then excluded from the labour force so that the unemployment rate may fall, or stop rising, even though there has been no underlying improvement in the labour market.

    The Gini index offers an accurate picture of regional disparities. It looks not only at the regions with the highest and the lowest rates of unemployment but also at the differences among all regions. The index ranges between 0 and 1: the higher its value, the larger the regional disparities. Regional disparities tend to be underestimated when the size of regions is large.

    The youth unemployment rate is defined as the ratio between the unemployed person aged between 15 and 24 and the labour force in the same age group.
  • Unemployment > Regional unemployment > Range in regional unemployment rate > Small regions > Minimum: Unemployed persons are defined as those who report that they are without work, that they are available for work and that they have taken active steps to find work in the last four weeks preceding the survey. The ILO Guidelines specify what actions count as active steps to find work and these include answering vacancy notices, visiting factories, construction sites and other places of work, and placing advertisements in the press as well as registering with labour offices.

    The unemployment rate is defined as the number of unemployed persons as a percentage of the labour force, where the latter consists of unemployed and employed persons.

    When unemployment is high, some persons become discouraged and stop looking for work. They are then excluded from the labour force so that the unemployment rate may fall, or stop rising, even though there has been no underlying improvement in the labour market.

    The Gini index offers an accurate picture of regional disparities. It looks not only at the regions with the highest and the lowest rates of unemployment but also at the differences among all regions. The index ranges between 0 and 1: the higher its value, the larger the regional disparities. Regional disparities tend to be underestimated when the size of regions is large.

    The youth unemployment rate is defined as the ratio between the unemployed person aged between 15 and 24 and the labour force in the same age group.
  • Unemployment > Youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Force > Female > % of total labor force: Female labor force as a percentage of the total show the extent to which women are active in the labor force. Labor force comprises all people who meet the International Labour Organization's definition of the economically active population.
  • Working time to buy > Fish: Number of minutes worked by average worker to buy one kilo of fish. The comparison of income levels only becomes meaningful if the cost of buying the necessities and luxuries of life is also considered.
  • Employment > Employment rates by gender > Employment rates > Men per million: Employment rates are calculated as the ratio of the employed to the working age population. To calculate this employment rate, the population of working age is divided into two groups: those who are employed and those who are not. Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week. Those not in employment consist of persons who are out of work but seeking employment, students and all others who have excluded themselves from the labour force for one reason or another, such as incapacity or the need to look after young children or elderly relatives.

    Working age is generally defined as persons in the 15 to 64 age bracket although in some countries working age is defined as 16 to 64. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Employment > Part-time employment > Incidence of part-time employment per million: Part-time employment refers to persons who usually work less than 30 hours per week in their main job. Both employees and the self-employed may be part-time workers.

    Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week. The rates shown here refer to the numbers of persons who usually work less than 30 hours per week as a percentage of the total number of those in employment. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Unemployment with tertiary education > Female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > Male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
  • Employees > Industry > Female > % of female employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Industry corresponds to divisions 2-5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C-F (ISIC revision 3) and includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, and public utilities (electricity, gas, and water)."
  • Employment > Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Total per million: Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week.

    Self-employed persons include employers, own-account workers, members of producers’ co-operatives, and unpaid family workers. The last of these are unpaid in the sense that they do not have a formal contract to receive a fixed amount of income at regular intervals, but they share in the income generated by the enterprise; unpaid family workers are particularly important in farming and retail trade. Note that all persons who work in corporate enterprises, including company directors, are considered to be employees.

    The rates shown here are the percentages of the self-employed in total civilian employment i.e., total employment less military employees. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Employment > Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Women per million: Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week.

    Self-employed persons include employers, own-account workers, members of producers’ co-operatives, and unpaid family workers. The last of these are unpaid in the sense that they do not have a formal contract to receive a fixed amount of income at regular intervals, but they share in the income generated by the enterprise; unpaid family workers are particularly important in farming and retail trade. Note that all persons who work in corporate enterprises, including company directors, are considered to be employees.

    The rates shown here are the percentages of the self-employed in total civilian employment i.e., total employment less military employees. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Unemployment with tertiary education > % of total unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Unemployment with tertiary education > Male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Net income from abroad > Current US$ per million: Net income from abroad (current US$). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Employment in industry > % of total employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Industry corresponds to divisions 2-5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C-F (ISIC revision 3) and includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, and public utilities (electricity, gas, and water)."
  • Personal remittances, received > % of GDP: Personal remittances, received (% of GDP). Personal remittances comprise personal transfers and compensation of employees. Personal transfers consist of all current transfers in cash or in kind made or received by resident households to or from nonresident households. Personal transfers thus include all current transfers between resident and nonresident individuals. Compensation of employees refers to the income of border, seasonal, and other short-term workers who are employed in an economy where they are not resident and of residents employed by nonresident entities. Data are the sum of two items defined in the sixth edition of the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual: personal transfers and compensation of employees.
  • Net income from abroad > Current LCU: Net income from abroad (current LCU). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current local currency.
  • Unemployment > Long-term unemployment > Long-term unemployment per million: Long-term unemployment is conventionally defined either as those unemployed for 6 months or more or, as here, those unemployed for 12 months or more. The ratios calculated here show the proportion of these long-term unemployed among all unemployed.

    Unemployment is defined in most OECD countries in accordance with the ILO Guidelines. Unemployment is usually measured by household labour force surveys and the unemployed are defined as those persons who report that they have worked in gainful employment for less than one hour in the previous week, who are available for work and who have taken actions to seek employment in the previous four weeks. The ILO Guidelines specify the kinds of actions that count as seeking work. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Unemployment > Total > % of total labor force: Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment > Regional unemployment > Gini index of regional unemployment rates > Small regions: Unemployed persons are defined as those who report that they are without work, that they are available for work and that they have taken active steps to find work in the last four weeks preceding the survey. The ILO Guidelines specify what actions count as active steps to find work and these include answering vacancy notices, visiting factories, construction sites and other places of work, and placing advertisements in the press as well as registering with labour offices.

    The unemployment rate is defined as the number of unemployed persons as a percentage of the labour force, where the latter consists of unemployed and employed persons.

    When unemployment is high, some persons become discouraged and stop looking for work. They are then excluded from the labour force so that the unemployment rate may fall, or stop rising, even though there has been no underlying improvement in the labour market.

    The Gini index offers an accurate picture of regional disparities. It looks not only at the regions with the highest and the lowest rates of unemployment but also at the differences among all regions. The index ranges between 0 and 1: the higher its value, the larger the regional disparities. Regional disparities tend to be underestimated when the size of regions is large.

    The youth unemployment rate is defined as the ratio between the unemployed person aged between 15 and 24 and the labour force in the same age group.
  • Employment rate of lesser educated women: Employment rate of women aged 25-54, 2000, who are educated lesser than upper secondary level.
  • Unemployment > Female > % of female labor force: Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Long-term unemployment > Female > % of female unemployment: Long-term unemployment refers to the number of people with continuous periods of unemployment extending for a year or longer, expressed as a percentage of the total unemployed.
  • Long-term unemployment > % of total unemployment: Long-term unemployment refers to the number of people with continuous periods of unemployment extending for a year or longer, expressed as a percentage of the total unemployed.
  • Unemployment with secondary education > Female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Force participation rate > Female > % of female population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-64 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Unemployment > Youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment and education > Upper secondary: Unemployment rates among people of all ages who are educated upto Upper Secondary levels. Data is for 2000.
  • Unemployment with secondary education > Male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ > Per capita: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Net income from abroad > Current LCU per million: Net income from abroad (current LCU). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current local currency. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Long term unemployment > Share: Percentage share of unemployment that lasts longer than 12 months. Data for 2001.
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration.
  • Labor force > Female > % of total labor force: Female labor force as a percentage of the total show the extent to which women are active in the labor force. Labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organisation's definition of the economically active population.
  • Share of women employed in the nonagricultural sector > % of total nonagricultural employment: Share of women employed in the nonagricultural sector is the share of female workers in the nonagricultural sector (industry and services), expressed as a percentage of total employment in the nonagricultural sector. Industry includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, electricity, gas, and water, corresponding to divisions 2-5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C-F (ISIC revision 3). Services include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal services-corresponding to divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G-P (ISIC revision 3)."
  • Unemployment > Unemployment > Total > % of total labor force: Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Employment > Part-time employment > Incidence of part-time employment: Part-time employment refers to persons who usually work less than 30 hours per week in their main job. Both employees and the self-employed may be part-time workers.

    Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week. The rates shown here refer to the numbers of persons who usually work less than 30 hours per week as a percentage of the total number of those in employment.
  • Unemployment > Unemployed youths per unemployed adult > Women > Aged 15 to 24: Ratio of youth unemployment rate to adult unemployment rate.
  • Unemployment > Unemployed youths per unemployed adult > Men > Aged 15 to 24: Ratio of youth unemployment rate to adult unemployment rate.
  • Employment > Employment share by sector > Services > Women > Aged above 14: Percent employed in services.
  • Unemployment > Youth unemployment, female: Percentage of female population aged 15-24 that is unemployed.
  • Employment > Underemployment > Working less than 20 hours per week > Women > Aged above 14: Percentage of females above the age of 14 in employment, who work less than 20 hours/week.
  • Employment > Underemployment > Working less than 20 hours per week > Men > Aged above 14: Percentage of males above the age of 14 in employment, who work less than 20 hours/week.
  • Employment > Working more than 40 hours per week > Women > Aged above 14: Percentage of females above the age of 14 in employment, who work more than 40 hours per week.
  • Part time > Part time employment rate > Women: Percentage of country's females over the age of 15 that are employed only part-time.
  • Part time > Part time employment rate > Men: Percentage of country's males over the age of 15 that are employed only part-time.
  • GNI > Current US$, % of GDP: GNI (current US$). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • GNI > Current LCU per capita: GNI (current LCU). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Expense > % of GDP: Expense (% of GDP). Expense is cash payments for operating activities of the government in providing goods and services. It includes compensation of employees (such as wages and salaries), interest and subsidies, grants, social benefits, and other expenses such as rent and dividends.
  • Subsidies and other transfers > % of expense: Subsidies and other transfers (% of expense). Subsidies, grants, and other social benefits include all unrequited, nonrepayable transfers on current account to private and public enterprises; grants to foreign governments, international organizations, and other government units; and social security, social assistance benefits, and employer social benefits in cash and in kind.
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ > Per $ GDP: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Unemployment > Unemployment rates > Unemployment rates > Total per million: Unemployed persons are defined as those who report that they are without work, that they are available for work and that they have taken active steps to find work in the last four weeks. The ILO Guidelines specify what actions count as active steps to find work and these include answering vacancy notices, visiting factories, construction sites and other places of work, and placing advertisements in the press as well as registering with labour offices.

    The unemployment rate is defined as the number of unemployed persons as a percentage of the labour force, where the latter consists of the unemployed plus those in employment, which are defined as persons who have worked for one hour or more in the last week.

    When unemployment is high, some persons become discouraged and stop looking for work. They are then excluded from the labour force so that the unemployment rate may fall, or stop rising, even though there has been no underlying improvement in the labour market. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Employees, agriculture, female > % of female employment: Employees, agriculture, female (% of female employment). Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Agriculture corresponds to division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and includes hunting, forestry, and fishing.
  • Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, male > %: Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, male (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Employment to population ratio, 15+, female > %: Employment to population ratio, 15+, female (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Employment > Working more than 40 hours per week > Men > Aged above 14: Percentage of males above the age of 14 in employment, who work more than 40 hours per week.
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ per capita: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Force with tertiary education > % of total: Labor force with tertiary education is the proportion of labor force that has a tertiary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Force participation rate > Total > % of total population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-64 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Employees, agriculture, male > % of male employment: Employees, agriculture, male (% of male employment). Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Agriculture corresponds to division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and includes hunting, forestry, and fishing.
  • Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, total > %: Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, total (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Self-employed, female > % of females employed: Self-employed, female (% of females employed). Self employed workers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners or in cooperative, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs" (i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced). Self employed workers include three subcategories: employers, own-account workers, and members of producers' cooperatives.
  • Self-employed, male > % of males employed: Self-employed, male (% of males employed). Self employed workers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners or in cooperative, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs" (i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced). Self employed workers include three subcategories: employers, own-account workers, and members of producers' cooperatives.
  • Self-employed, total > % of total employed: Self-employed, total (% of total employed). Self employed workers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners or in cooperative, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs" (i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced). Self employed workers include three subcategories: employers, own-account workers, and members of producers' cooperatives.
  • Employment to population ratio, 15+, male > %: Employment to population ratio, 15+, male (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Employment to population ratio, 15+, total > %: Employment to population ratio, 15+, total (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Wage and salaried workers, female > % of females employed: Wage and salaried workers, female (% of females employed). Wage and salaried workers (employees) are those workers who hold the type of jobs defined as "paid employment jobs," where the incumbents hold explicit (written or oral) or implicit employment contracts that give them a basic remuneration that is not directly dependent upon the revenue of the unit for which they work.
  • Wage and salary workers, male > % of males employed: Wage and salary workers, male (% of males employed). Wage and salaried workers (employees) are those workers who hold the type of jobs defined as "paid employment jobs," where the incumbents hold explicit (written or oral) or implicit employment contracts that give them a basic remuneration that is not directly dependent upon the revenue of the unit for which they work.
  • Force participation rate > Male > % of male population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-64 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Wage and salaried workers, total > % of total employed: Wage and salaried workers, total (% of total employed). Wage and salaried workers (employees) are those workers who hold the type of jobs defined as "paid employment jobs," where the incumbents hold explicit (written or oral) or implicit employment contracts that give them a basic remuneration that is not directly dependent upon the revenue of the unit for which they work.
  • Contributing family workers, female > % of females employed: Contributing family workers, female (% of females employed). Contributing family workers are those workers who hold u2018self-employment jobsu2019 as own-account workers in a market-oriented establishment operated by a related person living in the same household.
  • Contributing family workers, male > % of males employed: Contributing family workers, male (% of males employed). Contributing family workers are those workers who hold "self-employment jobs" as own-account workers in a market-oriented establishment operated by a related person living in the same household.
  • Contributing family workers, total > % of total employed: Contributing family workers, total (% of total employed). Contributing family workers are those workers who hold "self-employment jobs" as own-account workers in a market-oriented establishment operated by a related person living in the same household.
  • Employees, industry, female > % of female employment: Employees, industry, female (% of female employment). Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Industry corresponds to divisions 2-5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C-F (ISIC revision 3) and includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, and public utilities (electricity, gas, and water).
  • Employees, industry, male > % of male employment: Employees, industry, male (% of male employment). Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Industry corresponds to divisions 2-5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C-F (ISIC revision 3) and includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, and public utilities (electricity, gas, and water).
  • Employees, services, female > % of female employment: Employees, services, female (% of female employment). Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Services correspond to divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G-P (ISIC revision 3) and include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal services.
  • Employees, services, male > % of male employment: Employees, services, male (% of male employment). Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Services correspond to divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G-P (ISIC revision 3) and include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal services.
  • Part time employment, female > % of total part time employment: Part time employment, female (% of total part time employment). Part time employment refers to regular employment in which working time is substantially less than normal. Definitions of part time employment differ by country.
  • Unemployment, youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24: Unemployment, youth male (% of male labor force ages 15-24). Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment, youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24: Unemployment, youth total (% of total labor force ages 15-24). Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Long-term unemployment, female > % of female unemployment: Long-term unemployment, female (% of female unemployment). Long-term unemployment refers to the number of people with continuous periods of unemployment extending for a year or longer, expressed as a percentage of the total unemployed.
  • Unemployment, male > % of male labor force: Unemployment, male (% of male labor force). Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment, total > % of total labor force: Unemployment, total (% of total labor force). Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Force with primary education > % of total: Labor force with primary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a primary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Force > Total per 1000: Total labor force comprises people who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Labor force with secondary education > Male > % of male labor force: Labor force with secondary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a secondary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Employees > Agriculture > Male > % of male employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Agriculture corresponds to division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and includes hunting, forestry, and fishing."
  • Employees > Agriculture > Female > % of female employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Agriculture corresponds to division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and includes hunting, forestry, and fishing."
  • Employment in agriculture > % of total employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Agriculture corresponds to division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and includes hunting, forestry, and fishing."
  • Employees > Services > Female > % of female employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Services correspond to divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G-P (ISIC revision 3) and include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal services."
  • Labor force with primary education > Female > % of female labor force: Labor force with primary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a primary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Labor force with primary education > % of total: Labor force with primary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a primary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Labor force with secondary education > % of total: Labor force with secondary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a secondary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Labor force with primary education > Male > % of male labor force: Labor force with primary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a primary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Labor force with secondary education > Female > % of female labor force: Labor force with secondary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a secondary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Labor force with tertiary education > % of total: Labor force with tertiary education is the proportion of labor force that has a tertiary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Employment in services > % of total employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Services correspond to divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G-P (ISIC revision 3) and include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal services."
  • Labor participation rate > Total > % of total population ages 15+: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
STAT United Kingdom United States HISTORY
Agricultural workers > Male 2%
Ranked 76th.
4%
Ranked 69th. Twice as much as United Kingdom
Employment rate > Adults 56.3
Ranked 94th.
59.2
Ranked 74th. 5% more than United Kingdom

Expense > Current LCU 671.66 billion
Ranked 37th.
3.92 trillion
Ranked 18th. 6 times more than United Kingdom

Female doctors 34.5%
Ranked 8th. 49% more than United States
23.1%
Ranked 17th.
GNI > Current US$ $2.46 trillion
Ranked 7th.
$16.51 trillion
Ranked 2nd. 7 times more than United Kingdom

Hours worked > Standard workweek 38.2 hours
Ranked 176th.
40 hours
Ranked 108th. 5% more than United Kingdom
Labor force 31.45 million
Ranked 18th.
154.9 million
Ranked 4th. 5 times more than United Kingdom

Labor force > By occupation agriculture 1.5%, industry 19.1%, services 79.5% farming, forestry, and fishing 0.7%, manufacturing, extraction, transportation, and crafts 22.9%, managerial, professional, and technical 34.9%, sales and office 25%, other services 16.5%; <i>note:</i> figures exclude the unemployed
Labor force per 1000 505.05
Ranked 32nd. 1% more than United States
500.77
Ranked 33th.

Labor force, total 32.38 million
Ranked 19th.
158.69 million
Ranked 4th. 5 times more than United Kingdom

Salaries and benefits > Hourly minimum wage $7.81
Ranked 8th. 8% more than United States
$7.25
Ranked 13th.
Salaries and benefits > Minimum wage \u00a3 6.31 per hour (aged 21 and older), \u00a35.03 per hour (aged 18\u201320) or \u00a33.72 per hour (under 18 and finished compulsory education). The federal minimum wage in the United States is US$ 7.25 per hour. States may also set a minimum, in which case the higher of the two is controlling; some territories are exempt and have lower rates.
Strikes 22
Ranked 16th.
60
Ranked 11th. 3 times more than United Kingdom
Trade union membership 29%
Ranked 10th. 2 times more than United States
13%
Ranked 17th.
Unemployment rate 7.9%
Ranked 47th.
9.7%
Ranked 31st. 23% more than United Kingdom

GNI > Current US$ per capita $38,975.52
Ranked 18th.
$52,608.35
Ranked 8th. 35% more than United Kingdom

Male retirement age 65
Ranked 6th. 1% more than United States
64.5
Ranked 5th.
Female retirement age 60
Ranked 16th.
64.5
Ranked 3rd. 8% more than United Kingdom
Labor force, total per 1000 512.08
Ranked 41st. 1% more than United States
505.51
Ranked 51st.

Working mothers 55%
Ranked 12th.
61%
Ranked 8th. 11% more than United Kingdom
Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Both sexes 58.1%
Ranked 36th.
58.4%
Ranked 34th. 1% more than United Kingdom

GNI per capita > Constant LCU 20,722.73
Ranked 69th.
46,084.41
Ranked 47th. 2 times more than United Kingdom

Expense > Current LCU per capita 10,703.34
Ranked 64th.
12,566.94
Ranked 57th. 17% more than United Kingdom

Employment rate > Women 49.9
Ranked 67th.
52.9
Ranked 50th. 6% more than United Kingdom

Labor force > Total 31.49 million
Ranked 18th.
158.37 million
Ranked 4th. 5 times more than United Kingdom

Industrial workers > Male 36%
Ranked 22nd. 13% more than United States
32%
Ranked 42nd.
Employment rate > Men 63.1
Ranked 118th.
66
Ranked 107th. 5% more than United Kingdom

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men 63.8%
Ranked 39th.
63.9%
Ranked 38th. About the same as United Kingdom

Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Men 63.8%
Ranked 39th.
63.9%
Ranked 38th. About the same as United Kingdom

Compensation of employees > Current LCU 74329000000 341229000000
Unemployment > Long-term unemployment rate 25.5
Ranked 23th. 2 times more than United States
10.6
Ranked 30th.

Force > Total > Per capita 0.509 per capita
Ranked 29th.
0.524 per capita
Ranked 22nd. 3% more than United Kingdom

Force > Total 30.64 million
Ranked 17th.
155.46 million
Ranked 3rd. 5 times more than United Kingdom

Female decision makers 33%
Ranked 20th.
45%
Ranked 1st. 36% more than United Kingdom
Agricultural workers > Female 1%
Ranked 73th. The same as United States
1%
Ranked 76th.
Employment > Employment share by sector > Industry > Men > Aged above 14 33%
Ranked 32nd. 9% more than United States
30.2%
Ranked 44th.

Employment > Percent of population are employees > Women 92.2%
Ranked 13th.
94.1%
Ranked 5th. 2% more than United Kingdom

Unemployment > Youth unemployment, both sexes 20%
Ranked 31st. 16% more than United States
17.3%
Ranked 42nd.

Unemployment > Regional unemployment > National unemployment rate 5.38%
Ranked 16th. 16% more than United States
4.62%
Ranked 19th.
GNI > Current LCU 1.56 trillion
Ranked 71st.
16.51 trillion
Ranked 27th. 11 times more than United Kingdom

Unemployment 5.3%
Ranked 9th. 6% more than United States
5%
Ranked 11th.
Employment > Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Women 8.18%
Ranked 20th. 40% more than United States
5.84%
Ranked 26th.
Female economic activity 52.8%
Ranked 79th.
58.8%
Ranked 57th. 11% more than United Kingdom
Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women 52.7%
Ranked 23th.
53.2%
Ranked 22nd. 1% more than United Kingdom

Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Women 52.7%
Ranked 23th.
53.2%
Ranked 22nd. 1% more than United Kingdom

Labor force > Per capita 508.26 per 1,000 people
Ranked 43th.
508.4 per 1,000 people
Ranked 42nd. The same as United Kingdom

Days off work 21 days
Ranked 14th.
163 days
Ranked 4th. 8 times more than United Kingdom
Industrial workers > Female 12%
Ranked 50th. The same as United States
12%
Ranked 56th.
Work Time > More than 40 hours 49.8%
Ranked 9th.
67.6%
Ranked 2nd. 36% more than United Kingdom
Employment rate > Young adults 55.8
Ranked 30th. 10% more than United States
50.7
Ranked 45th.

Female professionals 45%
Ranked 51st.
54%
Ranked 20th. 20% more than United Kingdom
Net income from abroad > Current US$ $-7,458,135,860.98
Ranked 138th.
$269.90 billion
Ranked 1st.

Unemployment gender ratio 79%
Ranked 29th.
105%
Ranked 17th. 33% more than United Kingdom
Part time employment rate > Men > Aged above 14 10%
Ranked 8th. 28% more than United States
7.8%
Ranked 12th.

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ per capita 51.26$
Ranked 47th.
138.98$
Ranked 28th. 3 times more than United Kingdom

Employment > Employment rates by gender > Employment rates > Men 78.44%
Ranked 11th. 1% more than United States
77.78%
Ranked 13th.
Rigidity of employment index > 0=less rigid to 100=more rigid 10
Ranked 141st.
0.0
Ranked 170th.

Employment > Percent of population are employees > Men 82.4%
Ranked 24th.
91.2%
Ranked 2nd. 11% more than United Kingdom

Employment > Employment share by sector > Agriculture > Men > Aged above 14 1.9%
Ranked 66th.
2.2%
Ranked 65th. 16% more than United Kingdom

Service workers > Male 61%
Ranked 17th.
64%
Ranked 7th. 5% more than United Kingdom
Female economic activity growth 5%
Ranked 65th.
6%
Ranked 56th. 20% more than United Kingdom
Employment rate > Young men 56.6
Ranked 45th. 9% more than United States
51.7
Ranked 69th.

Employment rate > Young women 55
Ranked 21st. 11% more than United States
49.7
Ranked 34th.

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ > Per capita 51,256.51$ per 1,000 people
Ranked 48th.
138,564.64$ per 1,000 people
Ranked 29th. 3 times more than United Kingdom

Hours worked 1,673 hours
Ranked 5th.
1,792 hours
Ranked 3rd. 7% more than United Kingdom
Unemployment > Unemployment rates > Unemployment rates > Total 5.3%
Ranked 15th. 15% more than United States
4.6%
Ranked 18th.
Employment > Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Total 13.8%
Ranked 13th. 91% more than United States
7.22%
Ranked 29th.
GDP per person employed > Constant 1990 PPP $ $51,697.00
Ranked 8th.
$65,480.00
Ranked 1st. 27% more than United Kingdom

GNI per capita > Constant 2000 US$ $37,677.83
Ranked 14th.
$46,084.41
Ranked 6th. 22% more than United Kingdom

GNI > Constant LCU 1.31 trillion
Ranked 47th.
14.47 trillion
Ranked 14th. 11 times more than United Kingdom

GNI > Constant LCU per capita 20,722.73
Ranked 70th.
46,084.41
Ranked 47th. 2 times more than United Kingdom

Service workers > Female 87%
Ranked 6th. 1% more than United States
86%
Ranked 15th.
Long term unemployment 1.5%
Ranked 15th. 8 times more than United States
0.2%
Ranked 27th.
Part time employment rate > Women > Aged above 14 39.3%
Ranked 6th. 2 times more than United States
18.3%
Ranked 19th.

Employment > Employment share by sector > Agriculture > Women > Aged above 14 0.7%
Ranked 63th.
0.8%
Ranked 62nd. 14% more than United Kingdom

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men aged above 14 65.6%
Ranked 122nd.
69.5%
Ranked 99th. 6% more than United Kingdom

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women aged 15 to 24 57.9%
Ranked 24th. 7% more than United States
54%
Ranked 29th.

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women aged above 14 53%
Ranked 51st.
57%
Ranked 37th. 8% more than United Kingdom

Unemployment > Youth unemployment, male 22%
Ranked 28th. 18% more than United States
18.7%
Ranked 32nd.

Gender division of housework 2.11
Ranked 6th.
2.26
Ranked 1st. 7% more than United Kingdom
Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ > Per $ GDP 1.4$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 109th.
3.31$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 81st. 2 times more than United Kingdom

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ 3.09 billion$
Ranked 14th.
41.07 billion$
Ranked 1st. 13 times more than United Kingdom

Unemployment > Regional unemployment > National unemployment rate per million 0.0871%
Ranked 26th. 6 times more than United States
0.0151%
Ranked 30th.
Foreign labor force 3.7%
Ranked 12th.
12.4%
Ranked 5th. 3 times more than United Kingdom
Unemployment > Long-term unemployment > Long-term unemployment 24.74%
Ranked 19th. 2 times more than United States
9.95%
Ranked 24th.
Total work time > Males 411 minutes
Ranked 17th.
428 minutes
Ranked 12th. 4% more than United Kingdom
Employment > Employment share by sector > Services > Men > Aged above 14 64.8%
Ranked 8th.
67.6%
Ranked 4th. 4% more than United Kingdom

Employment > Employment share by sector > Industry > Women > Aged above 14 9.4%
Ranked 60th.
9.6%
Ranked 59th. 2% more than United Kingdom

Working time to buy > A car 956 hours
Ranked 14th.
1,459 hours
Ranked 8th. 53% more than United Kingdom
Work time > Market-oriented 51%
Ranked 14th. 2% more than United States
50%
Ranked 20th.
Total work time > Females 413 minutes
Ranked 22nd.
453 minutes
Ranked 10th. 10% more than United Kingdom
Working time to buy > Chicken 24 minutes
Ranked 6th. Twice as much as United States
12 minutes
Ranked 14th.
Working time to buy > Milk 3 minutes
Ranked 12th. The same as United States
3 minutes
Ranked 11th.
Total work time > Females over males 100%
Ranked 24th.
106%
Ranked 19th. 6% more than United Kingdom
Unemployment and education > Tertiary 2.1%
Ranked 12th. 17% more than United States
1.8%
Ranked 15th.
Employment rate of highly educated women 86.4%
Ranked 7th. 5% more than United States
81.9%
Ranked 12th.
Researchers in labor force 55 per 10000 people
Ranked 11th.
81 per 10000 people
Ranked 4th. 47% more than United Kingdom
Work time > Non-market-oriented 49%
Ranked 12th.
50%
Ranked 11th. 2% more than United Kingdom
Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > % of total unemployment 14.3%
Ranked 41st.
45.7%
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than United Kingdom

Unemployment > Unemployment with primary education > Male > % of male unemployment 39.4%
Ranked 29th. 91% more than United States
20.6%
Ranked 55th.

Unemployment > Unemployment with secondary education > Female > % of female unemployment 49.4%
Ranked 23th. 48% more than United States
33.3%
Ranked 50th.

Unemployment > Long-term unemployment rate > Female 18.4
Ranked 24th. 79% more than United States
10.3
Ranked 29th.

Unemployment > Unemployment with primary education > Female > % of female unemployment 34.6%
Ranked 26th. 2 times more than United States
16.5%
Ranked 54th.

Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > Female > % of female unemployment 15.6%
Ranked 40th.
50.2%
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than United Kingdom

Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24 12.7%
Ranked 21st. 35% more than United States
9.4%
Ranked 57th.

Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24 15%
Ranked 17th. 43% more than United States
10.5%
Ranked 51st.

Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24 17%
Ranked 13th. 47% more than United States
11.6%
Ranked 47th.

Working time to buy > Beef 52 minutes
Ranked 10th. 4% more than United States
50 minutes
Ranked 11th.
Working time to buy > Bread 4 minutes
Ranked 16th.
14 minutes
Ranked 2nd. 4 times more than United Kingdom
Unemployment benefit as % of GDP 0.3% of GDP
Ranked 17th. 50% more than United States
0.2% of GDP
Ranked 18th.
Net income from abroad > Current US$, % of GDP -0.306%
Ranked 44th.
1.72%
Ranked 20th.

Net income from abroad > Constant LCU per million -62,713,464.038
Ranked 30th.
753.24 million
Ranked 12th.

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men aged 15 to 24 60.5%
Ranked 42nd. 8% more than United States
55.8%
Ranked 60th.

GNI growth > Annual % -1.472%
Ranked 100th.
2.42%
Ranked 67th.

GNI per capita > Current LCU 24,671.5
Ranked 120th.
52,608.35
Ranked 90th. 2 times more than United Kingdom

Net income from abroad > Constant LCU -3,965,217,178.015
Ranked 45th.
236.45 billion
Ranked 6th.

Part time employment, male > % of total male employment 11.7%
Ranked 13th. 65% more than United States
7.1%
Ranked 31st.

Part time employment, total > % of total employment 24.1%
Ranked 5th. 2 times more than United States
11.2%
Ranked 37th.

Unemployment, youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24 17.9%
Ranked 43th. 22% more than United States
14.7%
Ranked 49th.

Long-term unemployment, male > % of male unemployment 3.1%
Ranked 26th. 29% more than United States
2.4%
Ranked 29th.

Unemployment, female > % of female labor force 7.3%
Ranked 50th.
7.9%
Ranked 44th. 8% more than United Kingdom

Working time to buy > A television set 28 hours
Ranked 7th. 87% more than United States
15 hours
Ranked 13th.
Working time to buy > A refrigerator 45 hours
Ranked 4th. 55% more than United States
29 hours
Ranked 10th.
Unemployment > Male > % of male labor force 5%
Ranked 57th.
5.6%
Ranked 53th. 12% more than United Kingdom

Force with secondary education > % of total 47.4%
Ranked 16th. 20% more than United States
39.5%
Ranked 7th.
Unemployment > Youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24 13.4%
Ranked 36th. 8% more than United States
12.4%
Ranked 38th.

Long-term unemployment > Male > % of male unemployment 26.5%
Ranked 18th. 2 times more than United States
12.5%
Ranked 25th.

Compensation of employees > % of expense 14.97%
Ranked 51st. 16% more than United States
12.96%
Ranked 55th.

Unemployment > Regional unemployment > Range in regional unemployment rate > Small regions > Maximum 10.14%
Ranked 15th. 9% more than United States
9.35%
Ranked 17th.
Unemployment > Regional unemployment > Range in regional unemployment rate > Small regions > Minimum 1.62%
Ranked 25th.
2.47%
Ranked 21st. 52% more than United Kingdom
Unemployment > Youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24 11.8%
Ranked 40th. 4% more than United States
11.3%
Ranked 41st.

Force > Female > % of total labor force 45.99%
Ranked 51st.
46.23%
Ranked 44th. 1% more than United Kingdom

Working time to buy > Fish 55 minutes
Ranked 9th.
58 minutes
Ranked 8th. 5% more than United Kingdom
Employment > Employment rates by gender > Employment rates > Men per million 1.27%
Ranked 23th. 5 times more than United States
0.254%
Ranked 30th.
Employment > Part-time employment > Incidence of part-time employment per million 0.372%
Ranked 17th. 9 times more than United States
0.0412%
Ranked 30th.
Unemployment with tertiary education > Female > % of female unemployment 13.8%
Ranked 38th.
48.5%
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than United Kingdom

Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > Male > % of male unemployment 13.3%
Ranked 36th.
42%
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than United Kingdom

Employees > Industry > Female > % of female employment 9.1%
Ranked 26th.
9.4%
Ranked 59th. 3% more than United Kingdom

Employment > Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Total per million 0.223%
Ranked 26th. 9 times more than United States
0.0235%
Ranked 30th.
Employment > Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Women per million 0.132%
Ranked 25th. 7 times more than United States
0.019%
Ranked 29th.
Unemployment with tertiary education > % of total unemployment 14.6%
Ranked 37th.
47.3%
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than United Kingdom

Unemployment with tertiary education > Male > % of male unemployment 15.1%
Ranked 29th.
46.3%
Ranked 2nd. 3 times more than United Kingdom

Net income from abroad > Current US$ per million $-117,957,104.01
Ranked 96th.
$859.79 million
Ranked 9th.

Employment in industry > % of total employment 21.4%
Ranked 24th. 4% more than United States
20.6%
Ranked 55th.

Personal remittances, received > % of GDP 0.0718%
Ranked 132nd. 86% more than United States
0.0387%
Ranked 136th.

Net income from abroad > Current LCU -4,721,000,000
Ranked 82nd.
269.9 billion
Ranked 6th.

Unemployment > Long-term unemployment > Long-term unemployment per million 0.4%
Ranked 25th. 12 times more than United States
0.0324%
Ranked 28th.
Unemployment > Total > % of total labor force 4.6%
Ranked 64th.
5.5%
Ranked 55th. 20% more than United Kingdom

Unemployment > Regional unemployment > Gini index of regional unemployment rates > Small regions 0.183 Year 2006
Ranked 15th. 31% more than United States
0.139 Year 2006
Ranked 21st.
Employment rate of lesser educated women 49.7%
Ranked 15th. The same as United States
49.7%
Ranked 14th.
Unemployment > Female > % of female labor force 4.2%
Ranked 64th.
5.4%
Ranked 58th. 29% more than United Kingdom

Long-term unemployment > Female > % of female unemployment 17.1%
Ranked 21st. 55% more than United States
11%
Ranked 25th.

Long-term unemployment > % of total unemployment 23%
Ranked 20th. 95% more than United States
11.8%
Ranked 25th.

Unemployment with secondary education > Female > % of female unemployment 47.2%
Ranked 29th. 38% more than United States
34.1%
Ranked 42nd.

Force participation rate > Female > % of female population ages 15-64 69.34%
Ranked 38th.
70.07%
Ranked 34th. 1% more than United Kingdom

Unemployment > Youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24 10%
Ranked 43th.
10.1%
Ranked 42nd. 1% more than United Kingdom

Unemployment and education > Upper secondary 4.5%
Ranked 10th. 25% more than United States
3.6%
Ranked 12th.
Unemployment with secondary education > Male > % of male unemployment 42.7%
Ranked 30th. 24% more than United States
34.5%
Ranked 41st.

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ > Per capita 111.61$ per capita
Ranked 53th. 11 times more than United States
9.87$ per capita
Ranked 124th.

Net income from abroad > Current LCU per million -74,666,846.841
Ranked 46th.
859.79 million
Ranked 19th.

Long term unemployment > Share 27.7%
Ranked 14th. 5 times more than United States
6.1%
Ranked 26th.
Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ 6.72 billion$
Ranked 8th. 2 times more than United States
2.92 billion$
Ranked 26th.

Labor force > Female > % of total labor force 45.66%
Ranked 62nd.
46.09%
Ranked 57th. 1% more than United Kingdom

Share of women employed in the nonagricultural sector > % of total nonagricultural employment 52.2%
Ranked 7th. 10% more than United States
47.4%
Ranked 31st.

Unemployment > Unemployment > Total > % of total labor force 5.6%
Ranked 46th.
5.8%
Ranked 43th. 4% more than United Kingdom

Employment > Part-time employment > Incidence of part-time employment 22.98%
Ranked 4th. 82% more than United States
12.64%
Ranked 18th.
Unemployment > Unemployed youths per unemployed adult > Women > Aged 15 to 24 3.3 ratio
Ranked 12th. 38% more than United States
2.4 ratio
Ranked 42nd.

Unemployment > Unemployed youths per unemployed adult > Men > Aged 15 to 24 3.7
Ranked 13th. 12% more than United States
3.3
Ranked 25th.

Employment > Employment share by sector > Services > Women > Aged above 14 89.6%
Ranked 4th. The same as United States
89.6%
Ranked 5th.

Unemployment > Youth unemployment, female 17.7%
Ranked 41st. 13% more than United States
15.7%
Ranked 47th.

Employment > Underemployment > Working less than 20 hours per week > Women > Aged above 14 20.8%
Ranked 5th. 3 times more than United States
7.2%
Ranked 19th.

Employment > Underemployment > Working less than 20 hours per week > Men > Aged above 14 5.7%
Ranked 7th. 78% more than United States
3.2%
Ranked 13th.

Employment > Working more than 40 hours per week > Women > Aged above 14 27.3%
Ranked 22nd.
66.5%
Ranked 8th. 2 times more than United Kingdom

Part time > Part time employment rate > Women 39.3%
Ranked 6th. 2 times more than United States
18.3%
Ranked 19th.

Part time > Part time employment rate > Men 10%
Ranked 8th. 28% more than United States
7.8%
Ranked 12th.

GNI > Current US$, % of GDP 101.2%
Ranked 35th.
105.29%
Ranked 12th. 4% more than United Kingdom

GNI > Current LCU per capita 24,671.5
Ranked 121st.
52,608.35
Ranked 90th. 2 times more than United Kingdom

Expense > % of GDP 43.7%
Ranked 9th. 73% more than United States
25.21%
Ranked 60th.

Subsidies and other transfers > % of expense 53.75%
Ranked 39th.
65.63%
Ranked 21st. 22% more than United Kingdom

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ > Per $ GDP 3.06$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 122nd. 13 times more than United States
0.235$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 150th.

Unemployment > Unemployment rates > Unemployment rates > Total per million 0.0857%
Ranked 26th. 6 times more than United States
0.015%
Ranked 30th.
Employees, agriculture, female > % of female employment 0.7%
Ranked 56th.
0.8%
Ranked 75th. 14% more than United Kingdom

Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, male > % 46.4%
Ranked 81st. 9% more than United States
42.6%
Ranked 98th.

Employment to population ratio, 15+, female > % 51.6%
Ranked 68th.
52.3%
Ranked 64th. 1% more than United Kingdom

Employment > Working more than 40 hours per week > Men > Aged above 14 65%
Ranked 20th.
85.8%
Ranked 9th. 32% more than United Kingdom

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ per capita 111.62$
Ranked 50th. 11 times more than United States
9.89$
Ranked 123th.

Employment rate > Source / date of > Information 2003 OECD . 2003 OECD .
Force with tertiary education > % of total 26.8%
Ranked 13th.
43.3%
Ranked 1st. 62% more than United Kingdom
Force participation rate > Total > % of total population ages 15-64 75.56%
Ranked 41st.
75.75%
Ranked 40th. About the same as United Kingdom

Employees, agriculture, male > % of male employment 1.6%
Ranked 57th.
2.3%
Ranked 74th. 44% more than United Kingdom

Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, total > % 46.3%
Ranked 55th. 10% more than United States
42.2%
Ranked 72nd.

Self-employed, female > % of females employed 9.7%
Ranked 46th. 76% more than United States
5.5%
Ranked 77th.

Self-employed, male > % of males employed 18.8%
Ranked 43th. 2 times more than United States
8%
Ranked 81st.

Self-employed, total > % of total employed 14.6%
Ranked 49th. 2 times more than United States
6.8%
Ranked 85th.

Employment to population ratio, 15+, male > % 63%
Ranked 124th.
63.6%
Ranked 122nd. 1% more than United Kingdom

Employment to population ratio, 15+, total > % 57.1%
Ranked 100th.
57.8%
Ranked 95th. 1% more than United Kingdom

Wage and salaried workers, female > % of females employed 90%
Ranked 20th.
94.5%
Ranked 8th. 5% more than United Kingdom

Wage and salary workers, male > % of males employed 80.6%
Ranked 25th.
99.1%
Ranked 2nd. 23% more than United Kingdom

Force participation rate > Male > % of male population ages 15-64 81.86%
Ranked 98th. About the same as United States
81.46%
Ranked 101st.

Wage and salaried workers, total > % of total employed 85%
Ranked 19th.
93.2%
Ranked 3rd. 10% more than United Kingdom

Contributing family workers, female > % of females employed 0.5%
Ranked 51st. 5 times more than United States
0.1%
Ranked 73th.

Contributing family workers, male > % of males employed 0.3%
Ranked 51st. 3 times more than United States
0.1%
Ranked 73th.

Contributing family workers, total > % of total employed 0.4%
Ranked 54th. 4 times more than United States
0.1%
Ranked 78th.

Employees, industry, female > % of female employment 7.6%
Ranked 52nd. 6% more than United States
7.2%
Ranked 71st.

Employees, industry, male > % of male employment 28.7%
Ranked 35th. 14% more than United States
25.1%
Ranked 52nd.

Employees, services, female > % of female employment 90.9%
Ranked 8th.
91.9%
Ranked 4th. 1% more than United Kingdom

Employees, services, male > % of male employment 68.6%
Ranked 6th.
71.7%
Ranked 6th. 5% more than United Kingdom

Part time employment, female > % of total part time employment 73.8%
Ranked 10th. 11% more than United States
66.4%
Ranked 24th.

Unemployment, youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24 23.8%
Ranked 27th. 35% more than United States
17.6%
Ranked 38th.

Unemployment, youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24 21%
Ranked 32nd. 30% more than United States
16.2%
Ranked 49th.

Long-term unemployment, female > % of female unemployment 2.2%
Ranked 32nd.
2.3%
Ranked 31st. 5% more than United Kingdom

Unemployment, male > % of male labor force 8.4%
Ranked 36th. 2% more than United States
8.2%
Ranked 38th.

Unemployment, total > % of total labor force 7.9%
Ranked 40th.
8.1%
Ranked 37th. 3% more than United Kingdom

Force with primary education > % of total 17.5%
Ranked 28th. 2% more than United States
17.1%
Ranked 18th.
Force > Total per 1000 508.85
Ranked 33th.
526.07
Ranked 21st. 3% more than United Kingdom

Labor force with secondary education > Male > % of male labor force 45.6%
Ranked 27th. 50% more than United States
30.3%
Ranked 40th.

Employees > Agriculture > Male > % of male employment 1.9%
Ranked 29th.
2%
Ranked 66th. 5% more than United Kingdom

Employees > Agriculture > Female > % of female employment 0.8%
Ranked 27th. 14% more than United States
0.7%
Ranked 62nd.

Employment in agriculture > % of total employment 1.4%
Ranked 28th. The same as United States
1.4%
Ranked 68th.

Employees > Services > Female > % of female employment 89.8%
Ranked 2nd.
89.9%
Ranked 5th. About the same as United Kingdom

Labor force with primary education > Female > % of female labor force 19%
Ranked 33th. 3 times more than United States
7.3%
Ranked 51st.

Labor force with primary education > % of total 21.5%
Ranked 32nd. 2 times more than United States
9.5%
Ranked 51st.

Labor force with secondary education > % of total 45.9%
Ranked 25th. 56% more than United States
29.4%
Ranked 44th.

Labor force with primary education > Male > % of male labor force 23.5%
Ranked 30th. 2 times more than United States
11.3%
Ranked 48th.

Labor force with secondary education > Female > % of female labor force 46.2%
Ranked 25th. 63% more than United States
28.4%
Ranked 43th.

Labor force with tertiary education > % of total 31.9%
Ranked 16th.
61.1%
Ranked 2nd. 92% more than United Kingdom

Employment in services > % of total employment 76.9%
Ranked 2nd.
78%
Ranked 5th. 1% more than United Kingdom

Labor participation rate > Total > % of total population ages 15+ 62.2%
Ranked 105th.
65.4%
Ranked 76th. 5% more than United Kingdom

SOURCES: ILO (International Labour Organization). 2002. Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002. February 2002; International Labour Organisation, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.; International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators.; OECD Health Data 2002 (CD ROM) available year for Australia, Japan = 1998; Denmark = 1995; 1980 figures for Canada and France are interpolated; World Bank national accounts data; Wikipedia: List of minimum wages by country (Countries) ("Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2013" . State.gov . Retrieved 2014-03-04 .); CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.; Wikipedia: List of minimum wages by country (Countries); OECD; Figures are from the OECD. The figures are from EIRO for France, Ireland and Italy; World Bank national accounts data. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: Retirement age (Retirement age); International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Labour Organisation, using World Bank population estimates.; United Nations Statistics Division Original html; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; World Development Indicators database; calculated on the basis of occupational data from ILO (International Labour Organization). 2002. Laboursta Database. February 2002; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; OECD Country statistical profiles 2009; OECD Historical Statistics; calculated on the basis of data on the economically active population and total population from ILO (International Labour Organization). 2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; United Nations Statistics Division Original html; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; OECD; ILO, Key Indicators; calculated on the basis of data on male and female unemployment rates from OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development). 2001. Employment Outlook 2001. Paris; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=GenderStat&f=inID%3a109, Part-time employment rate; World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development). 2001. Employment Outlook. Paris; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Jeanne A. Batalova and Philip N. Cohen, 'Premarital Cohabitation and Housework: Couples in Cross-National Perspective', Journal of Marriage and Family 64, August 2002, p.748; OECD Country statistical profiles 2009. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Harvey, Andrew S. 1995 ?Market and Non-Market Productive Activity in Less Developed and Developing Countries: Lessons from Time Use.? Background Paper for Human Development Report 1995. United Nations Development Programme, Human Development Report, Goldshmidt-Clermont, Luisella, and Elisabetta Pagnossin Aligisakis. 1995. ?Measures of Unrecorded Economic Activities in Fourteen Countries.? Background paper for Human Development Report; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; International Metalworkers' Federation, The Purchasing Power of Working Time 2002: An International Comparison of Average Net Hourly Earnings 2001 (International Metalworkers' Federation, Geneva, 2002); OECD, Employment Outlook 2002; OECD Employment Outlook 2002, p.74; OECD; Annex to GECD Society at a Glance 2002; World Bank national accounts data. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.; World Bank staff estimates; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=GenderStat&f=inID%3a118, Percent working less than 20 hrs/week; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=GenderStat&f=inID%3a118, Percent working less than 20 hrs/week; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=40+hrs%2fweek&d=GenderStat&f=inID%3a119, Percent working more than 40 hrs/week.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files, and World Bank and OECD GDP estimates. World Bank World Development Indicators.; Wikipedia: List of countries by employment rate

Citation

"Labor: United Kingdom and United States compared", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/compare/United-Kingdom/United-States/Labor

Compare United Kingdom and United States in
Agriculture Energy Lifestyle
Background Environment Media