Cold countries Compared by Economy > GDP > Composition, by end use > Investment in fixed capital

DEFINITION: This entry is derived from Economy > GDP > Composition, by end use, which shows who does the spending in an economy: consumers, businesses, government, and foreigners. The distribution gives the percentage contribution to total GDP of household consumption, government consumption, investment in fixed capital, investment in inventories, exports of goods and services, and imports of goods and services, and will total 100 percent of GDP if the data are complete.
household consumption consists of expenditures by resident households, and by nonprofit institutions that serve households, on goods and services that are consumed by individuals. This includes consumption of both domestically produced and foreign goods and services.
government consumption consists of government expenditures on goods and services. These figures exclude government transfer payments, such as interest on debt, unemployment, and social security, since such payments are not made in exchange for goods and services supplied.
investment in fixed capital consists of total business spending on fixed assets, such as factories, machinery, equipment, dwellings, and inventories of raw materials, which provide the basis for future production. It is measured gross of the depreciation of the assets, i.e., it includes investment that merely replaces worn-out or scrapped capital. Earlier editions of The World Factbook referred to this concept as Investment (gross fixed) and that data now have been moved to this new field.
investment in inventories consists of net changes to the stock of outputs that are still held by the units that produce them, awaiting further sale to an end user, such as automobiles sitting on a dealer’s lot or groceries on the store shelves. This figure may be positive or negative. If the stock of unsold output increases during the relevant time period, investment in inventories is positive, but, if the stock of unsold goods declines, it will be negative. Investment in inventories normally is an early indicator of the state of the economy. If the stock of unsold items increases unexpectedly – because people stop buying - the economy may be entering a recession; but if the stock of unsold items falls - and goods "go flying off the shelves" - businesses normally try to replace those stocks, and the economy is likely to accelerate.
exports of goods and services consist of sales, barter, gifts, or grants of goods and services from residents to nonresidents.
imports of goods and ...
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1 Bhutan 60.5% 2013
2 Mongolia 51.7% 2013
3 China 45.7% 2013
4 Belarus 32.8% 2013
5 Romania 26.7% 2013
6 Kyrgyzstan 25.5% 2013
7 Estonia 25% 2013
8 Georgia 24.9% 2013
=9 Canada 24.1% 2013
=9 Chile 24.1% 2013
11 Armenia 23.7% 2013
12 Czech Republic 23.6% 2013
13 Latvia 23.5% 2013
14 Republic of Macedonia 22.3% 2013
15 Russia 22% 2013
16 Luxembourg 21.6% 2013
17 Slovakia 21.5% 2013
18 Austria 21.4% 2013
19 Kazakhstan 21.1% 2013
20 Belgium 20.7% 2013
21 Norway 20.6% 2013
22 Switzerland 20.1% 2013
23 Nepal 20% 2013
24 Finland 19.6% 2013
25 Poland 19.3% 2013
26 Tajikistan 19.1% 2013
27 Sweden 19% 2013
28 Ukraine 18.9% 2013
29 Slovenia 17.8% 2013
=30 Bosnia and Herzegovina 17.7% 2013
=30 Germany 17.7% 2013
32 Denmark 17.3% 2013
33 Hungary 17.2% 2013
34 Lithuania 16.7% 2013
35 United States 14.8% 2013
36 Iceland 14.5% 2013
37 United Kingdom 14.3% 2013
38 Ireland 10.6% 2013


Cold countries Compared by Economy > GDP > Composition, by end use > Investment in fixed capital


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