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Former British colonies Compared by People > Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio

DEFINITION: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.

CONTENTS

# COUNTRY AMOUNT DATE GRAPH
1 Uganda 98.4% 2013
2 Somalia 94.4% 2013
3 Zambia 91.8% 2013
4 The Gambia 88.9% 2013
5 Malawi 87.9% 2013
6 Tanzania 86.3% 2013
7 Nigeria 83.8% 2013
8 Kenya 76.6% 2013
9 Sierra Leone 74.5% 2013
10 Sudan 74.1% 2013
11 Yemen 70.6% 2013
12 Zimbabwe 69.6% 2013
13 Ghana 66.2% 2013
14 Swaziland 64.4% 2013
15 Lesotho 61.2% 2013
=16 Guyana 59.6% 2013
=16 Namibia 59.6% 2013
18 Pakistan 54.7% 2013
=19 Jordan 54.5% 2013
=19 Belize 54.5% 2013
21 Botswana 53.3% 2013
22 Egypt 49.4% 2013
23 Bangladesh 46% 2013
24 Israel 45.1% 2013
25 India 44.3% 2013
26 Fiji 43.9% 2013
27 Maldives 43.3% 2013
=28 Bhutan 41.8% 2013
=28 Jamaica 41.8% 2013
30 Grenada 40.5% 2013
31 Malaysia 38.1% 2013
32 Sri Lanka 37.9% 2013
33 Antigua and Barbuda 36.7% 2013
34 Brunei 36% 2013
35 Burma 35.7% 2013
36 Saint Lucia 35.6% 2013
37 Kuwait 34% 2013
38 New Zealand 30.7% 2013
39 The Bahamas 30% 2013
40 Trinidad and Tobago 29.6% 2013
41 United States 29.4% 2013
42 Australia 28.6% 2013
43 Bahrain 27.3% 2013
44 Barbados 26.9% 2013
45 Canada 24% 2013
46 Singapore 21.8% 2013
47 United Arab Emirates 18.1% 2013
48 Qatar 16% 2013

Citation

"Countries Compared by People > Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio. International Statistics at NationMaster.com", CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/group-stats/Former-British-colonies/People/Dependency-ratios/Youth-dependency-ratio

Former British colonies Compared by People > Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio

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