High income OECD countries Compared by Economy > GDP > Composition, by end use > Exports of goods and services

DEFINITION: This entry is derived from Economy > GDP > Composition, by end use, which shows who does the spending in an economy: consumers, businesses, government, and foreigners. The distribution gives the percentage contribution to total GDP of household consumption, government consumption, investment in fixed capital, investment in inventories, exports of goods and services, and imports of goods and services, and will total 100 percent of GDP if the data are complete.
household consumption consists of expenditures by resident households, and by nonprofit institutions that serve households, on goods and services that are consumed by individuals. This includes consumption of both domestically produced and foreign goods and services.
government consumption consists of government expenditures on goods and services. These figures exclude government transfer payments, such as interest on debt, unemployment, and social security, since such payments are not made in exchange for goods and services supplied.
investment in fixed capital consists of total business spending on fixed assets, such as factories, machinery, equipment, dwellings, and inventories of raw materials, which provide the basis for future production. It is measured gross of the depreciation of the assets, i.e., it includes investment that merely replaces worn-out or scrapped capital. Earlier editions of The World Factbook referred to this concept as Investment (gross fixed) and that data now have been moved to this new field.
investment in inventories consists of net changes to the stock of outputs that are still held by the units that produce them, awaiting further sale to an end user, such as automobiles sitting on a dealer’s lot or groceries on the store shelves. This figure may be positive or negative. If the stock of unsold output increases during the relevant time period, investment in inventories is positive, but, if the stock of unsold goods declines, it will be negative. Investment in inventories normally is an early indicator of the state of the economy. If the stock of unsold items increases unexpectedly – because people stop buying - the economy may be entering a recession; but if the stock of unsold items falls - and goods "go flying off the shelves" - businesses normally try to replace those stocks, and the economy is likely to accelerate.
exports of goods and services consist of sales, barter, gifts, or grants of goods and services from residents to nonresidents.
imports of goods and ...
Full definition


1 Luxembourg 171% 2013
2 Ireland 107.8% 2013
3 Slovakia 95.6% 2013
4 Estonia 92.5% 2013
5 Netherlands 88% 2013
6 Belgium 84.8% 2013
7 Czech Republic 78% 2013
8 Slovenia 76.1% 2013
9 Iceland 59.4% 2013
10 Austria 57.4% 2013
11 South Korea 56.5% 2013
12 Denmark 54.4% 2013
13 Switzerland 52.3% 2013
14 Germany 51.9% 2013
15 Sweden 48.6% 2013
16 Poland 46% 2013
17 Norway 40.7% 2013
18 Finland 40.5% 2013
19 Portugal 38.7% 2013
20 Israel 36.2% 2013
21 Chile 34.2% 2013
22 Spain 32.7% 2013
23 United Kingdom 31.6% 2013
24 Italy 30.2% 2013
25 Canada 30% 2013
26 New Zealand 29.1% 2013
27 France 27.4% 2013
28 Greece 27% 2013
29 Australia 20.1% 2013
30 Japan 14.7% 2013
31 United States 13.5% 2013


High income OECD countries Compared by Economy > GDP > Composition, by end use > Exports of goods and services


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