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Latin America and Caribbean Compared by People > Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio

DEFINITION: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.

CONTENTS

# COUNTRY AMOUNT DATE GRAPH
1 Guatemala 73.5% 2013
2 Guyana 59.6% 2013
3 Honduras 58.4% 2013
4 Bolivia 57.9% 2013
5 Haiti 57.8% 2013
6 Belize 54.5% 2013
7 Nicaragua 52.5% 2013
8 Paraguay 52.2% 2013
=9 El Salvador 47.6% 2013
=9 Dominican Republic 47.6% 2013
11 Ecuador 47.2% 2013
12 Peru 44.4% 2013
13 Panama 43.9% 2013
=14 Venezuela 43.7% 2013
=14 Mexico 43.7% 2013
16 Colombia 41.9% 2013
17 Jamaica 41.8% 2013
18 Suriname 41.5% 2013
19 Grenada 40.5% 2013
20 Argentina 37.4% 2013
21 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 37.3% 2013
22 Antigua and Barbuda 36.7% 2013
23 Saint Lucia 35.6% 2013
24 Brazil 35.2% 2013
25 Uruguay 34.1% 2013
26 Costa Rica 33.9% 2013
27 Chile 30.6% 2013
28 The Bahamas 30% 2013
29 Trinidad and Tobago 29.6% 2013
30 Aruba 28% 2013
31 Barbados 26.9% 2013
32 Cuba 23% 2013

Citation

"Countries Compared by People > Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio. International Statistics at NationMaster.com", CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/group-stats/Latin-America-and-Caribbean/People/Dependency-ratios/Youth-dependency-ratio

Latin America and Caribbean Compared by People > Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio

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