Middle Eastern and North Africa Compared by Economy > GDP > Official exchange rate

DEFINITION: This entry gives the gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. A nation's GDP at offical exchange rates (OER) is the home-currency-denominated annual GDP figure divided by the bilateral average US exchange rate with that country in that year. The measure is simple to compute and gives a precise measure of the value of output. Many economists prefer this measure when gauging the economic power an economy maintains vis-a-vis its neighbors, judging that an exchange rate captures the purchasing power a nation enjoys in the international marketplace. Official exchange rates, however, can be artifically fixed and/or subject to manipulation - resulting in claims of the country having an under- or over-valued currency - and are not necessarily the equivalent of a market-determined exchange rate. Moreover, even if the official exchange rate is market-determined, market exchange rates are frequently established by a relatively small set of goods and services (the ones the country trades) and may not capture the value of the larger set of goods the country produces. Furthermore, OER-converted GDP is not well suited to comparing domestic GDP over time, since appreciation/depreciation from one year to the next will make the OER GDP value rise/fall regardless of whether home-currency-denominated GDP changed.


1 Saudi Arabia $701.40 billion 2012
2 Iran $541.20 billion 2012
3 United Arab Emirates $378.60 billion 2012
4 Israel $254.00 billion 2012
5 Egypt $253.30 billion 2012
6 Iraq $209.60 billion 2012
7 Algeria $206.50 billion 2012
8 Qatar $189.80 billion 2012
9 Kuwait $182.00 billion 2012
10 Morocco $94.83 billion 2012
11 Libya $80.81 billion 2012
12 Oman $77.23 billion 2012
13 Syria $64.70 billion 2011
14 Tunisia $44.79 billion 2012
15 Lebanon $40.78 billion 2012
16 Yemen $34.90 billion 2012
17 Jordan $30.79 billion 2012
18 Bahrain $26.75 billion 2012


Middle Eastern and North Africa Compared by Economy > GDP > Official exchange rate


Interesting observations about Economy > GDP > Official exchange rate

  • 5 of the top 7 countries by GDP > official exchange rate are Heavily indebted.
  • 2 of the top 3 countries by GDP > official exchange rate are Cold countries'.
  • 9 of the top 15 countries by GDP > official exchange rate are Christian.
  • 72 of the top 147 countries by GDP > official exchange rate are Hot countries.
  • United States has ranked in the top 2 for GDP > official exchange rate since 2005.
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