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Sparsely populated countries Compared by People > Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio

DEFINITION: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.

CONTENTS

# COUNTRY AMOUNT DATE GRAPH
1 Niger 105.9% 2013
2 Chad 98.4% 2013
3 Mali 95.1% 2013
4 Angola 94.8% 2013
5 Somalia 94.4% 2013
6 Zambia 91.8% 2013
7 South Sudan 77.4% 2013
8 Sudan 74.1% 2013
9 Solomon Islands 71.2% 2013
=10 Central African Republic 70.7% 2013
=10 Mauritania 70.7% 2013
12 Gabon 68.3% 2013
13 Papua New Guinea 64.3% 2013
=14 Guyana 59.6% 2013
=14 Namibia 59.6% 2013
16 Bolivia 57.9% 2013
17 Belize 54.5% 2013
18 Botswana 53.3% 2013
19 Paraguay 52.2% 2013
20 Libya 44.8% 2013
21 Saudi Arabia 42.6% 2013
22 Turkmenistan 42.2% 2013
23 Bhutan 41.8% 2013
24 Suriname 41.5% 2013
25 Algeria 41.1% 2013
26 Mongolia 39.6% 2013
27 Kazakhstan 38.1% 2013
28 Western Sahara 37.5% 2013
29 Argentina 37.4% 2013
30 Uruguay 34.1% 2013
31 New Caledonia 33.6% 2013
32 Oman 31.9% 2013
33 Iceland 31.1% 2013
34 New Zealand 30.7% 2013
35 Australia 28.6% 2013
36 Norway 28.5% 2013
37 Finland 25.5% 2013
38 Canada 24% 2013
39 Russia 22.2% 2013

Citation

"Countries Compared by People > Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio. International Statistics at NationMaster.com", CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/group-stats/Sparsely-populated-countries/People/Dependency-ratios/Youth-dependency-ratio

Sparsely populated countries Compared by People > Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio

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