Brazil Background Stats

National tree:



  • Daylight Savings Time end date: Rules that determine the date on which daylight savings time ends. Clocks are moved backwards on this date.
  • Daylight Savings Time start date: Rules that determine the date on which daylight savings time begins. Clocks are moved forward on this date.
  • First human settlement > Date: Date or period of the first known or suspected human settlement within each geographic location listed. For further descriptions, please refer to notes.
  • First human settlement > Notes: Description of the first known or suspected human settlement within each geographic location listed. For the date or period of the described settlement, please refer to the according date stat.
  • First human settlement > Place: Location of the first known or suspected human settlement in each country.
  • Full name: Full names (translated to english) of the United Nations member states, as of 2014. For a list of full names in the respective original languages of each country, check this link.
  • Independence day date: Date.
  • Land border length: The length of each country's land border. Islands are listed as having a 0.0 km.
  • National anthems: National anthem.
  • National identity card: Description.
  • Neighboring countries and territories: The countries and territories neighboring each country. "L" means they share only a land border and "M" means they have only maritime boundaries. A blank means they share both.
  • Number of maritime boundary neighbours: Number of states and territories with which each country shares a maritime border. Two countries separated from each other by a body of water have a maritime border with each other.
  • Overview: A geopolitical overview of every sovereign country in the world, briefly examining their recent history and place on the global stage. The texts are taken from the BBC News website.
Daylight Savings Time end date Third Sunday February 2013
Daylight Savings Time start date Third Sunday October 2013
First human settlement > Date 41,000-56,000 BP 2014
First human settlement > Notes Charcoal from the oldest layers yielded dates of 41,000-56,000 BP. 2014
First human settlement > Place Pedra Furada 2014
Full name Federative Republic of Brazil 2013
Independence day date September 7 1822
Land border length 14,691 km 2014 3rd out of 200
National anthems Hino Nacional Brasileiro ( Brazilian National Anthem ) 2011
National identity card Compulsory to be issued and carried since the age of 18 (though it can be substituted by a series of equivalent documents, see below). It is usually issued, for civilians, by each state's Public Safety Secretary, but other state departments \u2014 including the Armed Forces, the Police and some professional councils \u2014 can issue alternate identity cards too. There is a national standard, but each state can include minor differences (usually numbering scheme, font , printed seal and background pattern. The front has a picture (with an electronic stamp on it), right thumb print and signature (for illiterate people the phrase "n\u00e3o assina" \u2014 cannot sign \u2014 is printed in its place). The verse has the unique number (RG, registro geral ), expedition date, full name of the person, name of the parents, place (town, state) and date of birth, CPF number and other optional information. It is green and plastified, officially 102 \u00d7 68 mm, but lamination tends to make it slightly larger than the ISO/IEC 7810 ID-2 standard of 105 \u00d7 74 mm, resulting in a tight fit in most wallets. Only recently the driver's licence received the same legal status of an identity card in Brazil. There are also a few other documents, such as cards issued by the national councils of some professions (doctors, accountants, dentists, engineers, lawyers etc.), which are considered equivalent to the national identity card for most purposes. 2004
Neighboring countries and territories Argentina (L) Bolivia (L) Colombia (L) France Guyana (L) Paraguay (L) Peru (L) Suriname (L) Uruguay Venezuela (L) 2014
Number of maritime boundary neighbours 2 2014 98th out of 171

Brazil is South America's most influential country, an economic giant and one of the world's biggest democracies.

It is one of the rising economic powers - otherwise known as BRICS nations - together with Russia, India, China and South Africa. Over the past few years it has made major strides in its efforts to raise millions out of poverty.

The discovery of major offshore oil reserves could propel the country into the top league of oil-exporting nations.

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Brazil Background Profiles (Subcategories)

First human settlement 3

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