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China

China Poverty Stats

Definitions

  • Gap at $1 a day > PPP: Poverty gap is the mean shortfall from the poverty line (counting the nonpoor as having zero shortfall), expressed as a percentage of the poverty line. This measure reflects the depth of poverty as well as its incidence. Data showing as 0.5 signifies a poverty gap of less than 0.5 percent.
  • Gap at $2 a day > PPP: Poverty gap is the mean shortfall from the poverty line (counting the nonpoor as having zero shortfall), expressed as a percentage of the poverty line. This measure reflects the depth of poverty as well as its incidence. Data showing as 0.5 signifies a poverty gap of less than 0.5 percent.
  • Headcount ratio at $1 a day > PPP > % of population: Population below $1 a day is the percentage of the population living on less than $1.08 a day at 1993 international prices. As a result of revisions in PPP exchange rates, poverty rates cannot be compared with poverty rates reported previously for individual countries. Data showing as 2.0 signifies a poverty rate of less than 2.0 percent.
  • Population under $1 a day: Population below line - proportion receiving less than $1 per day in income (purchasing power parity). Data from most recent available between the period 1983 to 2000.
  • Population under $1 a day > Per $ GDP: Population below line - proportion receiving less than $1 per day in income (purchasing power parity). Data from most recent available between the period 1983 to 2000. Per $ GDP figures expressed per $10 million of Gross Domestic Product.
  • Population under $2 a day: Population below line - proportion receiving less than $2 per day in income (purchasing power parity). Data from most recent available between the period 1983 to 2000.
  • Population under $2 a day > Per $ GDP: Population below line - proportion receiving less than $2 per day in income (purchasing power parity). Data from most recent available between the period 1983 to 2000. Per $ GDP figures expressed per $10 million of Gross Domestic Product.
  • Poverty gap at $1.25 a day > PPP: Poverty gap is the mean shortfall from the poverty line (counting the nonpoor as having zero shortfall), expressed as a percentage of the poverty line. This measure reflects the depth of poverty as well as its incidence."
  • Poverty gap at $1.25 a day > PPP > %: Poverty gap at $1.25 a day (PPP) (%). Poverty gap is the mean shortfall from the poverty line (counting the nonpoor as having zero shortfall), expressed as a percentage of the poverty line. This measure reflects the depth of poverty as well as its incidence.
  • Poverty gap at $2 a day > PPP: Poverty gap is the mean shortfall from the poverty line (counting the nonpoor as having zero shortfall), expressed as a percentage of the poverty line. This measure reflects the depth of poverty as well as its incidence."
  • Poverty gap at $2 a day > PPP > %: Poverty gap at $2 a day (PPP) (%). Poverty gap is the mean shortfall from the poverty line (counting the nonpoor as having zero shortfall), expressed as a percentage of the poverty line. This measure reflects the depth of poverty as well as its incidence.
  • Poverty headcount ratio at $1.25 a day > PPP > % of population: Population below $1.25 a day is the percentage of the population living on less than $1.25 a day at 2005 international prices. As a result of revisions in PPP exchange rates, poverty rates for individual countries cannot be compared with poverty rates reported in earlier editions."
  • Poverty headcount ratio at $2 a day > PPP > % of population: Population below $2 a day is the percentage of the population living on less than $2.00 a day at 2005 international prices. As a result of revisions in PPP exchange rates, poverty rates for individual countries cannot be compared with poverty rates reported in earlier editions."
  • Poverty headcount ratio at rural poverty line > % of rural population: Rural poverty rate is the percentage of the rural population living below the national rural poverty line.
  • Share of all poor people: The percentage of the world's total poor who live in each nation. 'Poor' here is defined as lving below the global poverty line of US$1 per day.
STAT AMOUNT DATE RANK HISTORY
Gap at $1 a day > PPP 2.1% 2004 6th out of 11
Gap at $2 a day > PPP 12.51% 2004 5th out of 11
Headcount ratio at $1 a day > PPP > % of population 9.9% 2004 5th out of 11
Population under $1 a day 18.8% 2000 33th out of 59
Population under $1 a day > Per $ GDP 2.59e-05 per $10 million 2000 58th out of 59
Population under $2 a day 52.6% 2000 29th out of 59
Population under $2 a day > Per $ GDP 7.24e-05 per $10 million 2000 58th out of 59
Poverty gap at $1.25 a day > PPP $3.95% 2005 19th out of 36
Poverty gap at $1.25 a day > PPP > % $2.84% 2009 15th out of 41
Poverty gap at $2 a day > PPP $12.21% 2005 16th out of 36
Poverty gap at $2 a day > PPP > % $9.08% 2009 11th out of 41
Poverty headcount ratio at $1.25 a day > PPP > % of population $15.92% 2005 14th out of 35
Poverty headcount ratio at $2 a day > PPP > % of population $36.28% 2005 13th out of 36
Poverty headcount ratio at rural poverty line > % of rural population 2.5% 2005 7th out of 7
Share of all poor people 22.12% 2003 2nd out of 80

SOURCES: World Development Indicators database; World Bank 2002b via backone.pdf; World Bank, Development Research Group. Data are based on primary household survey data obtained from government statistical agencies and World Bank country departments. Data for high-income economies are from the Luxembourg Income Study database. For more information and methodology, please see PovcalNet (http://iresearch.worldbank.org/PovcalNet/jsp/index.jsp).; World Bank, Development Research Group. Data are based on primary household survey data obtained from government statistical agencies and World Bank country departments. Data for high-income economies are from the Luxembourg Income Study database. For more information and methodology, please see PovcalNet (http://iresearch.worldbank.org/PovcalNet/index.htm).; World Bank, Development Research Group. Data are based on World Bank's country poverty assessments and country Poverty Reduction Strategies.; Country Responsibilities in Achieving the Millenium Development Goals", April 8 2003, by Janice Poling

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