Colombia Background Stats

National tree:

Quindio wax palm


  • First human settlement > Date: Date or period of the first known or suspected human settlement within each geographic location listed. For further descriptions, please refer to notes.
  • First human settlement > Notes: Description of the first known or suspected human settlement within each geographic location listed. For the date or period of the described settlement, please refer to the according date stat.
  • First human settlement > Place: Location of the first known or suspected human settlement in each country.
  • Full name: Full names (translated to english) of the United Nations member states, as of 2014. For a list of full names in the respective original languages of each country, check this link.
  • Independence day date: Date.
  • Land border length: The length of each country's land border. Islands are listed as having a 0.0 km.
  • Length of border with Brazil: Length in kilometers of each country's border with Brazil. Brazil has borders with ten different countries, totalling 16,885 kilometres (10,492 mi). That puts it in the 3rd place in the countries with the longest international land borders.
  • Named after person: After whom each country and dependent territory was named.
  • National anthems: National anthem.
  • National identity card: Description.
  • Neighboring countries and territories: The countries and territories neighboring each country. "L" means they share only a land border and "M" means they have only maritime boundaries. A blank means they share both.
  • Number of maritime boundary neighbours: Number of states and territories with which each country shares a maritime border. Two countries separated from each other by a body of water have a maritime border with each other.
  • Overview: A geopolitical overview of every sovereign country in the world, briefly examining their recent history and place on the global stage. The texts are taken from the BBC News website.
First human settlement > Date 12,400 BP 2014
First human settlement > Notes Stone, bone and charcoal artifacts. 2014
First human settlement > Place El Abra 2014
Full name Republic of Colombia 2013
Independence day date July 20 and August 7 1810
Land border length 6,004 km 2014 19th out of 200
Length of border with Brazil 1,644 km 2014 4th out of 10
Named after person Christopher Columbus 2014
National anthems Himno Nacional de la Rep\u00fablica de Colombia ( National Anthem of the Republic of Colombia ) 2011
National identity card Tarjeta - First issued at age 2 or 3, then it's changed at 18 for another identity card called C\u00e9dula de Ciudadan\u00eda . It is only renewed afterwards if stolen or lost. 2004
Neighboring countries and territories Brazil (L) Costa Rica (M) Dominican Republic (M) Ecuador Haiti (M) Honduras (M) Jamaica (M) Nicaragua (M) Panama Peru (L) Venezuela Cayman Islands ( United Kingdom ) (M) 2014
Number of maritime boundary neighbours 10 2014 4th out of 171

Colombia has significant natural resources and its diverse culture reflects the indigenous Indian, Spanish and African origins of its people.

But it has also been ravaged by a decades-long violent conflict involving outlawed armed groups, drug cartels and gross violations of human rights, although since 2002, the country has made some progress towards improving security.

The fourth largest country in South America and one of the continent's most populous nations, Colombia has substantial oil reserves and is a major producer of gold, silver, emeralds, platinum and coal.

Full Article


Colombia Background Profiles (Subcategories)

First human settlement 3

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