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European Union

European Union Agriculture Stats

Definitions

  • Agricultural land > Sq. km: Agricultural land (sq. km). Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Land under permanent crops is land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber. Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forage, including natural and cultivated crops.
  • Agricultural land > Sq. km > Per capita: Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Land under permanent crops is land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber. Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forage, including natural and cultivated crops." Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Agricultural land > Sq. km per 1000: Agricultural land (sq. km). Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Land under permanent crops is land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber. Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forage, including natural and cultivated crops. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Agriculture, value added > Current US$: Agriculture, value added (current US$), including forestry, hunting, and fishing, as well as cultivation of crops and livestock production. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources.
  • Agriculture, value added > Current US$ per capita: Agriculture, value added (current US$). Agriculture corresponds to ISIC divisions 1-5 and includes forestry, hunting, and fishing, as well as cultivation of crops and livestock production. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Arable land > Hectares per capita: Arable land (hectares per person). Arable land (hectares per person) includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded.
  • Cereal yield > Kg per hectare: Cereal yield, measured as kilograms per hectare of harvested land, includes wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded."
  • Cultivable land > Hectares per person: Cultivable land (hectares per person) includes land defined by the Food and Agriculture Organisation as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded."
  • Farm machinery > Tractors: Farm machinery refers to the number of wheel and crawler tractors (excluding garden tractors) in use in agriculture at the end of the calendar year specified or during the first quarter of the following year.
  • Farm machinery > Tractors per 100 sq. km of arable land: Farm machinery refers to the number of wheel and crawler tractors (excluding garden tractors) in use in agriculture at the end of the calendar year specified or during the first quarter of the following year. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded."
  • Fertilizer use > Kg per ha of arable land: Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) measures the quantity of plant nutrients used per unit of arable land. Fertilizer products cover nitrogenous, potash, and phosphate fertilizers (including ground rock phosphate). Traditional nutrients--animal and plant manures--are not included. For the purpose of data dissemination, FAO has adopted the concept of a calendar year (January to December). Some countries compile fertilizer data on a calendar year basis, while others are on a split-year basis. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded."
  • Methane emissions > Kt of CO2 equivalent per 1000: Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent). Methane emissions are those stemming from human activities such as agriculture and from industrial methane production. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Nitrous oxide emissions > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent per million: Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent). Nitrous oxide emissions are emissions from agricultural biomass burning, industrial activities, and livestock management. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Produce > Agricultural crop > Production: Crop production index shows agricultural production for each year relative to the base period 1999-2001. It includes all crops except fodder crops. Regional and income group aggregates for the FAO's production indexes are calculated from the underlying values in international dollars, normalized to the base period 1999-2001."
  • Produce > Cereal > Cereal production > Metric tons: Cereal production (metric tons). Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food or silage, and those used for grazing, are excluded.
  • Produce > Cereal > Cereal production > Metric tons per 1000: Cereal production (metric tons). Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food or silage, and those used for grazing, are excluded. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Produce > Cereal > Cereal yield > Kg per hectare: Cereal yield (kg per hectare). Includes wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food or silage, and those used for grazing, are excluded. The FAO allocates production data to the calendar year in which the bulk of the harvest took place. Most of a crop harvested near the end of a year will be used in the following year.
  • Produce > Food > Production: Food production index covers food crops that are considered edible and that contain nutrients. Coffee and tea are excluded because, although edible, they have no nutritive value."
  • Produce > Live stock > Production index: Livestock production index includes meat and milk from all sources, dairy products such as cheese, and eggs, honey, raw silk, wool, and hides and skins."
  • Products: Major agricultural crops and products
  • Renewable internal freshwater resources, total > Billion cubic meters: Renewable internal freshwater resources, total (billion cubic meters). Renewable internal freshwater resources flows refer to internal renewable resources (internal river flows and groundwater from rainfall) in the country.
  • Renewable internal freshwater resources, total > Billion cubic meters per million: Renewable internal freshwater resources, total (billion cubic meters). Renewable internal freshwater resources flows refer to internal renewable resources (internal river flows and groundwater from rainfall) in the country. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Value: Agriculture corresponds to ISIC divisions 1-5 and includes forestry, hunting, and fishing, as well as cultivation of crops and livestock production. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant 2000 U.S. dollars."
  • Water productivity, total > Constant 2000 US$ GDP per cubic meter of total freshwater withdrawal: Water productivity, total (constant 2000 US$ GDP per cubic meter of total freshwater withdrawal). Water productivity is calculated as GDP in constant prices divided by annual total water withdrawal. GDP (Gross domestic product) is the market value of all officially recognized final goods and services produced within a country in a year.
STAT AMOUNT DATE RANK HISTORY
Agricultural land > Sq. km 1.88 million sq. km 2011 7th out of 206
Agricultural land > Sq. km > Per capita 3.88 per 1,000 people 2007 108th out of 196
Agricultural land > Sq. km per 1000 3.7 sq. km 2011 115th out of 206
Agriculture, value added > Current US$ $252.49 billion 2010 3rd out of 163
Agriculture, value added > Current US$ per capita $498.30 2010 38th out of 163
Arable land > Hectares per capita 0.213 2011 71st out of 204
Cereal yield > Kg per hectare 5,257.12 2008 22nd out of 168
Cultivable land > Hectares per person 0.22 2007 67th out of 195
Farm machinery > Tractors 9.24 million 2007 1st out of 186
Farm machinery > Tractors per 100 sq. km of arable land 850.82 2007 24th out of 184
Fertilizer use > Kg per ha of arable land 181.72 2007 41st out of 150
Methane emissions > Kt of CO2 equivalent per 1000 1.04 2010 68th out of 137
Nitrous oxide emissions > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent per million 540.11 2010 47th out of 137
Produce > Agricultural crop > Production 92.57 2007 159th out of 186
Produce > Cereal > Cereal production > Metric tons 284.62 million 2012 4th out of 180
Produce > Cereal > Cereal production > Metric tons per 1000 559.14 2012 30th out of 180
Produce > Cereal > Cereal yield > Kg per hectare 4,945.07 2012 31st out of 178
Produce > Food > Production 94.71 2007 157th out of 189
Produce > Live stock > Production index 96.15 2007 150th out of 187
Products wheat, barley, oilseeds, sugar beets, wine, grapes; dairy products, cattle, sheep, pigs, poultry; fish 2010
Renewable internal freshwater resources, total > Billion cubic meters 1,504.56 2011 9th out of 176
Renewable internal freshwater resources, total > Billion cubic meters per million 2.96 2011 86th out of 176
Value 188.81 billion 2009 2nd out of 119
Water productivity, total > Constant 2000 US$ GDP per cubic meter of total freshwater withdrawal $61.64 2011 39th out of 169

SOURCES: Food and Agriculture Organization; Food and Agriculture Organisation, electronic files and web site.; Food and Agriculture Organization. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank national accounts data

United Nations Statistics Division
; World Bank national accounts data. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Food and Agriculture Organization; International Energy Agency. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 25 March 2010.; Food and Agriculture Organization. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.

Citation

European Union Agriculture Profiles (Subcategories)

Agricultural land 3 Produce 10
Livestock 3