Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj, from the Democratic Party, began a second term as president in July 2013. He won just over 50% of the vote.
The veteran democracy campaigner has twice served as prime minister and was first elected president in 2009.
The faltering economy and concerns about the growing role of foreign firms in the mining sector were key campaign issues in the 2013 election.
Mr Elbegdorj's government pursues a "resource nationalist" approach which aims to give Mongolia a bigger say in how its assets are exploited.
Analysts say Mr Elbegdorj enjoys the support of the urban middle class.
The prime minister and parliament exercise real political power, but the president heads the armed forces and has the power of veto in parliament. Frequent changes of government have also enhanced the role of the presidency.
Born in 1963, Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj was one of the leaders of the peaceful revolution that ended the Communist dictatorship in 1990. He has a degree from Harvard University's Kennedy School of Government in the US.
Head of state > Term limit for head of state:
Head(s) of state.
No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.
- President: Government > Leaders > President
- President > Summary: Government > Leaders > President > Summary
- Prime Minister: Government > Leaders > Prime Minister
- Prime Minister > Profile: Government > Leaders > Prime Minister > Profile
"Mongolia Leaders Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Mongolia/Government/Leaders
"Mongolia Leaders Stats, NationMaster." 2013-2014. <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Mongolia/Government/Leaders>.
'Mongolia Leaders Stats, NationMaster', <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Mongolia/Government/Leaders> [assessed 2013-2014]
"Mongolia Leaders Stats", NationMaster [Internet]. 2013-2014. Avaliable from: <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Mongolia/Government/Leaders>.
"Mongolia Leaders Stats", NationMaster. Avaliable at: nationmaster.com. Assessed 2013-2014.
"Mongolia Leaders Stats, NationMaster," http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Mongolia/Government/Leaders (assessed 2013-2014)
"Mongolia Leaders Stats", NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Mongolia/Government/Leaders (last visited 2013-2014)
"Mongolia Leaders Stats", NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Mongolia/Government/Leaders (as of 2013-2014)