Government > Leaders > President > Summary: Countries Compared

DEFINITION: Government > Leaders > President > Summary.
Afghanistan Hamid Karzai is into his second term of office
Albania Mr Nishani is a former interior minister
Algeria President Bouteflika was elected to a third term of office in 2009
Angola President Dos Santos is one of Africa's longest serving leaders
Argentina Cristina Fernandez
Armenia President Serge Sarkisian's 2008 win was followed by deadly clashes
Austria President Heinz Fischer is a former science minister
Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev succeeded his father Heydar as president
Bangladesh Mr Hamid was Speaker of parliament before becoming president
Belarus Belarus President Alexander Lukashenko
Benin Mr Boni Yayi is in his second term as president
Bolivia The election of Mr Morales represented a major shift for Bolivia
Botswana Seretse Khama Ian Khama was a soldier before turning to politics
Brazil Ms Rousseff made a major leap to the top job when she became president in 2010
Bulgaria President Plevneliev has overseen several changes of government
Burkina Faso President Compaore has been in power since 1987
Burma Former general Thein Sein heads the first nominally civilian government since 1962
Burundi Pierre Nkurunziza is one of Africa's youngest leaders
Cameroon Paul Biya has been leader for three decades
Cape Verde Jorge Carlos Fonseca won elections in 2011
Chad President Deby faces an opposition revolt and allegations of corruption
China President Xi Jinping has a reputation for fighting corruption
Colombia Mr Santos maintains his predecessor's tough stance against Farc
Comoros Ikililou Dhoinine was vice-president before winning 2010's presidential election
Cote d'Ivoire President Ouattara was elected in November 2010
Croatia Croatian President Ivo Josipovic
Cuba Raul Castro picked up the reins of power from his brother Fidel
Cyprus Nicos Anastasiades promised to secure a financial bailout for his country
Czech Republic President Zeman has been accused of attempting to undermine the Czech parliamentary system
Democratic Republic of the Congo Joseph Kabila is Africa's youngest head of state
Djibouti President Guelleh has ruled Djibouti since 1999
East Timor Taur Matan Ruak headed the guerrilla force fighting for independence
Ecuador President Correa has mounted a nationalisation drive
Equatorial Guinea Mr Obiang has been in power for three decades
Eritrea Isaias Afewerki runs a one-party state accused of suppressing democracy
Estonia Social Democrat Hendrik Toomas Ilves has occupied the largely cermonial role of president since 2006
Federated States of Micronesia President Emanuel "Manny" Mori
Finland President Sauli Niinisto is credited with leading the economy towards growth in the 1990s
France Mr Hollande's tax rises have met with fierce resistance
French Polynesia Gaston Flosse is a veteran of politics
Gabon Ali Ben Bongo's election was disputed by the opposition
Gambia Mr Jammeh has been accused of intolerance to criticism and dissent
Georgia Georgian Prime Minister Bidzina Ivanishvili (left) with President Giorgi Margvelashvili
Germany President Joachim Gauck
Ghana Mr Mahama became president when his predecessor died
Greece President Karolos Papoulias
Guatemala Guatemalan President Otto Perez Molina
Guinea Alpha Conde won the presidency in 2010 after a half-century in opposition
Guyana Mr Ramotar leads a minority government
Haiti Mr Martelly was known for his charismatic performances in his previous career as a singer
Honduras Mr Hernandez has promised to be tough on crime
Hungary President Janos Ader
Iceland President Grimsson often speaks out on controversial issues
Indonesia Mr Yudhoyono has made the fight against terrorism a key priority
Iran Hassan Rouhani is seen as a religious moderate
Iraq President Talabani is a veteran of Kurdish and Iraqi national politics
Ireland Michael D Higgins is a poet and politician
Israel Israel's elder statesman, Shimon Peres
Italy President Giorgio Napolitano has been a stabilising influence on Italian political life
Kazakhstan President Nazarbayev has been in power since the fall of the Soviet Union
Kenya Uhuru Kenyatta faces charges of crimes against humanity
Kiribati Anote Tong is into his third term
Kyrgyzstan Almazbek Atambayev urges unity among political forces
Laos Communist rule continues under Choummaly Sayasone
Latvia President Berzins is a wealthy businessman
Lebanon A Maronite Christian, Gen Michel Suleiman is widely regarded as a unifying figure
Liberia Liberian President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf
Lithuania Dalia Grybauskaite won the presidency in 2009
Madagascar Mr Rajaonarimampianina is a former finance minister
Malawi Malawian President Joyce Banda
Mali Mr Keita
Marshall Islands Christopher Loeak is a veteran politician
Mauritania President Abdelaziz came to power in a coup, but now heads an elected government
Mexico Mr Pena Nieto will have to face the escalating violence of the drugs war
Moldova Nicolae Timofti served as a senior judge
Mongolia Mining and resources top Mr Elbegdorj's agenda
Mozambique Millionaire business Armando Guebuza came to power in 2005
Namibia Mr Pohamba was a founding member of the rebel movement which fought for independence
Nepal Ram Baran Yadav, Nepal's first president
Nicaragua Daniel Ortega has replaced Marxist rhetoric with business-friendly policies
Niger Mr Issoufou's election marked a return to democracy after a year of military rule
Nigeria Most of President Jonathan's electoral support lies in the mainly Christian south
Pakistan Mamnoon Hussain is a textile businessman
Palau Mr Remengesau advocates action to combat global warming and protect Palau's environment
Panama President Martinelli was elected on a platform of encouraging economic growth
Paraguay Mr Cartes is one of Paraguay's wealthiest people
Peru Ollanta Humala comes from a family of prominent radicals
Philippines Until he ran for president, Noynoy Aquino was relatively unknown
Poland President Komorowski was active in the civil rights movement in the 1970s
Portugal President Anibal Cavaco Silva
Republic of Macedonia President Gjorge Ivanov has made it his mission to improve relations with neighbouring Greece
Romania President Basescu is a former sea captain
Russia Mr Putin has devoted a good deal of effort to burnishing his image as a strong leader
Rwanda Mr Kagame has been accused of being intolerant of opposition
Sao Tome and Principe Mr Pinto da Costa is serving his second, non-consecutive term in office
Senegal Mr Sall served as prime minister under his predecessor, Abdoulaye Wade
Serbia Mr Nikolic's Progressive Party has evolved from its nationalist roots to become more pro-EU
Seychelles James Michel served alongside long-time leader Albert Rene
Sierra Leone President Koromo came to power in elections
Singapore Tony Tan
Slovakia Ivan Gasparovic was first voted into office in 2004
Slovenia Mr Pahor is seen as a more conciliatory figure than his predecessor
Somalia Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, elected president in Mogadishu
South Africa Jacob Zuma trod a rocky road to the presidency
South Korea Ms Park is the daughter of a former president
South Sudan Salva Kiir has led the SPLM since 2005
Sri Lanka A giant cardboard cut-out of President Rajapaksa looks down on traffic
Sudan Omar Bashir came to power in a coup and faces war crimes charges
Suriname Desi Bouterse first led Suriname following a coup in 1980
Syria Bashar al-Assad
Taiwan Taiwanese president Ma Ying-jeou
Tajikistan Emomali Rakhmon exerts tight control over the levers of power
Tanzania Jakaya Kikwete is into his second term
Togo President Faure Gnassingbe stepped into his father's shoes
Tunisia Moncef Marzouki opposed his predecessor and was forced into exile
Turkey Abdullah Gul is seen as a moderate figure
Turkmenistan President Berdymukhamedov is serving his second term
Uganda Yoweri Museveni is credited for saving Uganda from dictators, but has been criticized for hanging onto power
Ukraine President Yanukovych says he aims to balance Ukraine's ties between Russia and Europe
United States Barack Obama, the country's first black president
Uzbekistan President Karimov keeps a tight grip on the country
Vanuatu President Abil was elected in September 2009
Venezuela Mr Maduro succeeded Hugo Chavez as president
Vietnam Truong Tan Sang was a senior figure in the Communist Party before becoming president
Yemen Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi faces a monumental task in holding together Yemen's factions
Zambia Zambian President Michael Sata
Zimbabwe President Mugabe has ruled for more than three decades


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