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Education > Research and Development > RandD > Investment in knowledge > Investment in knowledge per million: Countries Compared

DEFINITION: Investment in knowledge is defined and calculated as the sum of expenditure on R&D, on total higher education (public and private) and on software. Simple summation of the three components would lead to overestimation of the investment in knowledge owing to overlaps (R&D and software, R&D and education, software and education). Therefore, data reported here have been adjusted to exclude the overlaps between components.

Note that as the term is used here, "investment” has a broader connotation than its usual meaning in economic statistics. It includes current expenditures, such as on education and R&D, as well as capital outlays, such as purchases of software and construction of school buildings. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.

CONTENTS

# COUNTRY AMOUNT DATE GRAPH
1 Finland 1.09% 2009
2 Denmark 0.93% 2009
3 Sweden 0.745% 2009
4 Ireland 0.553% 2009
5 Austria 0.406% 2009
6 Belgium 0.351% 2009
7 Netherlands 0.23% 2009
8 Australia 0.179% 2009
9 Portugal 0.173% 2009
10 Greece 0.167% 2009
11 Canada 0.146% 2009
12 France 0.0643% 2009
Group of 7 countries (G7) average (profile) 0.0587% 2009
13 Spain 0.0562% 2009
14 United Kingdom 0.0558% 2009
15 Germany 0.0466% 2009
16 Italy 0.0393% 2009
17 Japan 0.0375% 2009
18 United States 0.0212% 2009

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Education > Research and Development > RandD > Investment in knowledge > Investment in knowledge per million: Countries Compared Map

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