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Government > Transnational Issues > Refugees and internally displaced persons > IDPs: Countries Compared

DEFINITION: This entry is derived from Government > Transnational Issues > Refugees and internally displaced persons, which includes those persons residing in a country as refugees or internally displaced persons (IDPs). Each country's refugee entry includes only countries of origin that are the source of refugee populations of 5,000 or more. The definition of a refugee according to a United Nations Convention is "a person who is outside his/her country of nationality or habitual residence; has a well-founded fear of persecution because of his/her race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group or political opinion; and is unable or unwilling to avail himself/herself of the protection of that country, or to return there, for fear of persecution." The UN established the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in 1950 to handle refugee matters worldwide. The UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) has a different operational definition for a Palestinian refugee: "a person whose normal place of residence was Palestine during the period 1 June 1946 to 15 May 1948 and who lost both home and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 conflict." However, UNHCR also assists some 400,000 Palestinian refugees not covered under the UNRWA definition. The term "internally displaced person" is not specifically covered in the UN Convention; it is used to describe people who have fled their homes for reasons similar to refugees, but who remain within their own national territory and are subject to the laws of that state.
Additional details:
  • Algeria: undetermined (civil war during 1990s) (2012)
  • Bangladesh: undetermined (land conflicts, religious persecution) (2012)
  • Burma: more than 454,200 (government offensives against armed ethnic minority groups near its borders with China and Thailand) (2012)
  • Guatemala: undetermined (the UN does not estimate there are any IDPs, although some NGOs estimate over 200,000 IDPs as a result of over three decades of internal conflict that ended in 1996) (2007)
  • Guatemala: undetermined (more than three decades of internal conflict that ended in 1996 displaced mainly the indigenous Maya population and rural peasants; ongoing drug cartel and gang violence) (2011)
  • India: at least 600,000 (about half are Kashmiri Pandits from Jammu and Kashmir) (2007)
  • India: at least 540,000 (about 250,000 are Kashmiri Pandits from Jammu and Kashmir) (2012)
  • Kenya: at least 300,000 (2007-08 post-election ...
    Full definition.

CONTENTS

# COUNTRY AMOUNT DATE GRAPH HISTORY
1 Syria 6.5 million 2013
2 Democratic Republic of the Congo 2.67 million 2012
=3 Iraq 1.1 million 2013
=3 Somalia 1.1 million 2012
5 Pakistan 758,000 2013
6 Afghanistan 612,000 2013
7 Azerbaijan 600,000 2013
8 Zimbabwe 569,685 2007
9 Central African Republic 533,000 2013
10 Burma 503,000 2007
11 Haiti 357,785 2012
12 Mali 353,455 2013
13 Yemen 306,964 2013
14 Philippines 300,000 2007
15 Georgia 268,415 2012
16 Kenya 250,000 2007
17 South Sudan 243,000 2013
18 Serbia 228,215 2011
19 Cyprus 208,000 2012
20 Ethiopia 200,000 2008
21 Indonesia 180,000 2011
22 Kyrgyzstan 172,000 2012
=23 Gaza Strip 160,000 2011
=23 Mexico 160,000 2011
=23 West Bank 160,000 2011
=23 Jordan 160,000 2007
=27 Peru 150,000 2011
=27 Israel 150,000 2007
29 Sri Lanka 118,376 2012
30 Bosnia and Herzegovina 113,000 2011
31 East Timor 100,000 2007
=32 Chad 90,000 2012
=32 China 90,000 2010
34 Burundi 78,800 2012
35 Libya 74,000 2012
36 Bangladesh 65,000 2007
37 Angola 61,700 2007
38 Nepal 50,000 2012
39 Cote d'Ivoire 40,000 2011
40 Uganda 30,000 2011
41 Guinea 19,000 2007
42 Kosovo 17,853 2012
43 Lebanon 17,000 2007
44 Montenegro 16,192 2007
45 Liberia 13,000 2007
=46 Senegal 10,000 2012
=46 Eritrea 10,000 2009
48 Russia 8,500 2011
49 Armenia 8,400 2009
50 Congo, Republic of the 7,800 2009
51 Solomon Islands 5,400 2007
52 Uzbekistan 3,400 2007
53 Croatia 2,000 2007
54 Togo 1,500 2007
55 Maldives 1,000 2007
56 Colombia 3.9 2011
57 Turkey 1 2007

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Government > Transnational Issues > Refugees and internally displaced persons > IDPs: Countries Compared Map

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