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Health > Bird Flu > H5N1 > Recent animal cases: Countries Compared

DEFINITION: Recent outbreaks of avain influenza (H5N1) in birds. NOTE: this report only covers the period of 23 Jan. 2006 to 23 Feb. 2006.
COUNTRY DESCRIPTION
Austria Several dead swans were found in a reservoir in Graz-Umgebung district on 13 and 14 February 2006. First results of the Austrian Agency were H5N1-positive. Confirmation was provided by the OIE/European Union (EU) reference laboratory for avian influenza, Weybridge, United Kingdom. Since 19 February, the entire country is defined as a “risk area” - all poultry to be kept indoors, enforced biosecurity measures, prohibition of bird markets, in accordance with EU legislation. Protection and surveillance zones have been established around the reservoir. Other suspicions have occurred in the Federal Provinces of Steiermark (Hartberg district), Niederösterreich (Korneuburg district), and Vienna. Protection and surveillance zones have been established around all places where suspect wild birds have been found.
Bosnia and Herzegovina About 15 swans arrived at Plivsko lake around 11 February 2006. On 16 February, two swans showed signs of disease, and were killed and sent to the laboratory for further examination. Pathological findings and a rapid test immediately raised strong suspicions of avian influenza and further tests after egg inoculation showed H5 strain.
Croatia On 15 Feb. avian influenza was diagnosed from organs from a swan found dead in Slatina, on the island of Ciovo.
Egypt 7 outbreaks of H5N1 have been reported on 18 Febuary. Information was recieved from the Ministry of Agriculture, Cairo. No additional information has yet been released.
France Seven wild ducks were found dead on 13 February 2006 in Joyeux. Samples were taken from three of them.
Germany four swans (three Cygnus olor and one Cygnus cygnus) were found dead on 8 February 2006 in Wiek, in the northern part of the island of Rügen, in the Baltic Sea. On the same day a northern goshawk (Accipiter gentilis) was found dead in Dranske, also in the northern part of the island of Rügen. Avian influenza virus H5N1 has been diagnosed in two of the swans (Cygnus olor and Cygnus cygnus) and the goshawk.
Greece On 3 February 2006, people informed the Veterinary Authorities about the presence of a swan found dead in the sea by a fisherman near Asprovalta village. On the same date, the coastguard authority informed the Veterinary Authorities about the presence of a dead swan found in the sea by a fisherman near Thessaloniki city. The Veterinary Authorities collected both swans and sent them immediately to the national reference laboratory (NRL). Since 9 February 2006, the Veterinary Authority of Thessaloniki has been conducting an epizootiological survey throughout the Prefecture. The survey has found no evidence of avian influenza in the area. Strict biocecurity measures have been applied to all poultry farms, establishments with captive birds, pet shops and especially to backyard flocks kept in villages throughout the Prefecture. The Veterinary Directorate of Thessaloniki is fully implementing the measures contained in European Commission Decision 2006/86/EC. These two new cases are located within the surveillance zone established following the case that occurred in the area of Stavros village. On 10 February 2006, the veterinary authorities were informed about the presence of a dead swan (Cygnus olor) on the coast at Polychrono village and immediately collected the bird and sent it to NRL. The veterinary authorities have been performing an epizootiological survey and applying the measures contained in 2006/115/EU Commission Decision since 17 February 2006 when the NRL notified positive for AI results.
India A start of an outbreak occured on 27 January of H5N1 in the state of Maharashtra and district of Nandurbar. Newcastle disease has also been reported from the area. No human cases have been detected. Farm personnel as well as backyard farm owners and their families are being closely monitored. The team of cullers and vaccinators are under chemo-prophylactic cover. No further information has been given and no final report yet released.
Italy From 12 Feb. to 19 Feb. 7 outbreaks have occured, four in Puglia, two in Sicilia and one in Umbria involving mute swans, buzzards and wild ducks. Positive test results.
Nigeria Six outbreaks have been confirmed between 19 Jan. and 2 Feb. 2006 in the states of Kano and Plateau. Positive tests for the H5N1 virus on some 36,500 poultry. All the affected farms are commercial poultry production units, mostly layers of over 40 weeks of age. Source of outbreaks or origin of infection: unknown or inconclusive
Romania 28 outbreaks have been confirmed between 25 Jan. and 14 Feb. including 8 in the city of Bucharest. The effected number of poultry confirmed is thus far under 400. Affected poultry were in backyard flocks that may not have been included in vaccination campaigns. Origin of infection: the poultry may have come into contact with infected wild birds (pigeons or sparrows). In addition, three other outbreaks affected the Constanta region: - Outbreak in Vlahii: backyard premises with 69 hens and 7 geese; samples have been collected from 5 hens. - Outbreak in Ostrov: backyard premises with 27 hens; samples have been collected from 10 hens. - Outbreak in Mereni: a wild pigeon found dead near an irrigation canal, at a distance of 2 km from Mereni village. Control measures have begun to be applied in Vlahii village, in accordance with the legislative provisions in force; in addition to the usual control measures, culling of poultry is being performed. To date, 2,600 poultry have been culled in 110 backyard premises.
Russia Two outbreaks affecting over 500,000 poultry have been confirmed in the Dagestan Republic between 25 Jan. and 5 Feb. All poultry has been destroyed. Source of outbreaks or origin of infection: under investigation. In addition, miscellaneous cases have been found in wild swans, ducks and crows across the Krasnodarsky area.
Slovenia One case has been reported on 11 Feb. near Maribor at the River Drava involving a mute swan. No final report given.
Turkey Approximatley 32 outbreaks have been confirmed, including in villages near Izmir and Ankara. Recent outbreaks have effected some 32,244 poultry between 3 Jan. and 13 Feb. One outbreak in Elazig province (Merkez Isikyolu) occurred in a small-scale commercial (broiler) poultry flock. All the other outbreaks occurred in backyard (village) poultry flocks. In addition, H5 virus was detected in a swan in Bartin province, in two pigeons in Diyarbakir and Mardin provinces, in two starlings in Samsun province and in an owl and another wild bird in Tokat. Between 15 December 2005 and 15 February 2006, a total of 1,872,525 poultry were culled within and outside the outbreaks.
Ukraine H5N1 was confirmed on 2 December 2005. The State Veterinary Services of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, in collaboration with local authorities, have formed 179 groups to perform clinical examination of backyard poultry throughout the territory of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea. The total number of quarantine posts on the territory of the affected districts is now 1 (post in Feodosiya district). Quarantine restrictions have been lifted in the following villages: Nekrasovka, Dmitrovka, Krasnoflotskoye, Sovetskoye, Chernozyomnoye, Prisivashnoye (Sovetskiy district); Izobilnoye, Akimovka, Yemelyanovka, Kirsanovka (Nizhnegorskiy district); Zavet-Leninskiy, Pushkino (Dzhankoyskiy district); Chernomorskoye, Khmelevo (Chernomorskiy district); Krepkoye (Krasnoperekopskiy district); Solnechnoye (Simferopolskiy district).
Zimbabwe Two cases affecting 16,000 poultry have been confirmed in the province of Matebeleland. Both cases have involved ostrich stock. To date, no chickens have tested positive and antibodies have only been recorded in two ostrich farms, Dollar Block and Mimosa, in Matabeleland North Province.

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