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People > Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio: Countries Compared

DEFINITION: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.

CONTENTS

# COUNTRY AMOUNT DATE GRAPH
1 Japan 40.5% 2013
2 Italy 32.6% 2013
3 Germany 32.1% 2013
4 Sweden 30.3% 2013
5 Greece 29.9% 2013
6 Finland 29.5% 2013
Group of 7 countries (G7) average (profile) 29.03% 2013
7 Bulgaria 28.8% 2013
8 Portugal 28.2% 2013
=9 Latvia 27.9% 2013
=9 France 27.9% 2013
=11 Belgium 27.7% 2013
=11 Denmark 27.7% 2013
13 Croatia 27.4% 2013
=14 Austria 27.3% 2013
=14 Estonia 27.3% 2013
16 United Kingdom 26.9% 2013
17 Spain 26.6% 2013
18 Switzerland 26.2% 2013
Eurozone average (profile) 25.88% 2013
19 Netherlands 25.8% 2013
European Union average (profile) 25.77% 2013
=20 Hungary 25.3% 2013
=20 Virgin Islands 25.3% 2013
22 Slovenia 25.2% 2013
High income OECD countries average (profile) 24.88% 2013
NATO countries average (profile) 24.72% 2013
23 Czech Republic 24.4% 2013
=24 Guernsey 24.2% 2013
=24 Jersey 24.2% 2013
26 Norway 24.1% 2013
27 Malta 23.6% 2013
Europe average (profile) 23.11% 2013
=28 Lithuania 22.7% 2013
=28 Bosnia and Herzegovina 22.7% 2013
30 Canada 22.2% 2013
31 Uruguay 22% 2013
32 Romania 21.7% 2013
33 Australia 21.5% 2013
Non-religious countries average (profile) 21.46% 2013
34 Ukraine 21.4% 2013
35 Georgia 21.3% 2013
36 New Zealand 21.2% 2013
37 United States 21% 2013
38 Puerto Rico 20.9% 2013
39 Luxembourg 20.8% 2013
40 Serbia 20.7% 2013
Eastern Europe average (profile) 20.44% 2013
41 Poland 20.4% 2013
Cold countries average (profile) 20.12% 2013
42 Belarus 19.5% 2013
43 Iceland 19.3% 2013
44 Montenegro 19.2% 2013
=45 Cuba 18.9% 2013
=45 Hong Kong 18.9% 2013
47 Russia 18.3% 2013
48 Ireland 18.2% 2013
49 Slovakia 18% 2013
Potential Future EU Members average (profile) 17.99% 2013
Heavily indebted countries average (profile) 17.55% 2013
=50 Republic of Macedonia 17.4% 2013
=50 Israel 17.4% 2013
52 Cyprus 17.3% 2013
53 Argentina 16.9% 2013
54 South Korea 16.7% 2013
55 Aruba 16.4% 2013
56 Moldova 15.8% 2013
57 Albania 15.6% 2013
58 Barbados 15.5% 2013
Former Soviet republics average (profile) 15.39% 2013
Emerging markets average (profile) 15.08% 2013
59 Armenia 14.9% 2013
60 New Caledonia 14.7% 2013
61 Chile 14.5% 2013
Christian countries average (profile) 14.33% 2013
Catholic countries average (profile) 14.33% 2013
62 Singapore 13.8% 2013
63 North Korea 13.7% 2013
64 Thailand 13.5% 2013
65 Saint Lucia 13% 2013
66 Trinidad and Tobago 12.9% 2013
67 Sri Lanka 12.8% 2013
=68 Guam 12.3% 2013
=68 Lebanon 12.3% 2013
=70 Jamaica 12.2% 2013
=70 Mauritius 12.2% 2013
72 China 12.1% 2013
73 El Salvador 11.3% 2013
74 Panama 11.2% 2013
Latin America and Caribbean average (profile) 11.15% 2013
=75 Seychelles 11% 2013
=75 Brazil 11% 2013
=75 Turkey 11% 2013
East Asia and Pacific average (profile) 10.88% 2013
=78 Grenada 10.8% 2013
=78 The Bahamas 10.8% 2013
Religious countries average (profile) 10.55% 2013
80 Antigua and Barbuda 10.5% 2013
Former Spanish colonies average (profile) 10.4% 2013
=81 Tunisia 10.3% 2013
=81 Tonga 10.3% 2013
=81 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 10.3% 2013
=81 Ecuador 10.3% 2013
=85 French Polynesia 10.2% 2013
=85 Macau 10.2% 2013
Landlocked countries average (profile) 10.11% 2013
=87 Suriname 10.1% 2013
=87 Costa Rica 10.1% 2013
Sparsely populated countries average (profile) 10.03% 2013
=89 Kazakhstan 9.9% 2013
=89 Peru 9.9% 2013
=89 Dominican Republic 9.9% 2013
92 Mexico 9.8% 2013
93 Venezuela 9.5% 2013
=94 Vietnam 9.3% 2013
=94 Colombia 9.3% 2013
96 Gabon 9.2% 2013
97 Egypt 9.1% 2013
98 Samoa 9% 2013
99 Paraguay 8.8% 2013
Former British colonies average (profile) 8.6% 2013
=100 South Africa 8.5% 2013
=100 Nepal 8.5% 2013
102 Cambodia 8.4% 2013
=103 Guatemala 8.3% 2013
=103 Fiji 8.3% 2013
105 Cape Verde 8.2% 2013
106 Bolivia 8.1% 2013
Hot countries average (profile) 8.04% 2013
107 India 8% 2013
108 Indonesia 7.9% 2013
=109 Azerbaijan 7.8% 2013
=109 Malaysia 7.8% 2013
=111 Burma 7.5% 2013
=111 Haiti 7.5% 2013
=111 Iran 7.5% 2013
South and Central Asia average (profile) 7.45% 2013
=114 Honduras 7.4% 2013
=114 Nicaragua 7.4% 2013
=114 Maldives 7.4% 2013
=114 Morocco 7.4% 2013
=118 Bangladesh 7.3% 2013
=118 Libya 7.3% 2013
=120 Bhutan 7.1% 2013
=120 Lesotho 7.1% 2013
=120 Pakistan 7.1% 2013
South Asia average (profile) 6.82% 2013
=123 Algeria 6.8% 2013
=123 Zimbabwe 6.8% 2013
=123 Central African Republic 6.8% 2013
Former French colonies average (profile) 6.74% 2013
=126 Federated States of Micronesia 6.7% 2013
=126 Syria 6.7% 2013
=126 Vanuatu 6.7% 2013
129 Kiribati 6.5% 2013
Middle Eastern and North Africa average (profile) 6.5% 2013
=130 South Sudan 6.4% 2013
=130 Kyrgyzstan 6.4% 2013
=130 Djibouti 6.4% 2013
=130 Mozambique 6.4% 2013
=130 Uzbekistan 6.4% 2013
=130 Belize 6.4% 2013
=130 East Timor 6.4% 2013
Muslim countries average (profile) 6.34% 2013
=137 Philippines 6.3% 2013
=137 Congo, Republic of the 6.3% 2013
=137 Ethiopia 6.3% 2013
=140 Laos 6.2% 2013
=140 Malawi 6.2% 2013
=140 Tanzania 6.2% 2013
=143 Brunei 6.1% 2013
=143 Sao Tome and Principe 6.1% 2013
=143 Turkmenistan 6.1% 2013
=146 Solomon Islands 6% 2013
=146 Ghana 6% 2013
=146 Cameroon 6% 2013
Sub-Saharan Africa average (profile) 5.98% 2013
=149 Namibia 5.9% 2013
=149 Swaziland 5.9% 2013
failed states average (profile) 5.85% 2013
=151 Botswana 5.8% 2013
=151 Sudan 5.8% 2013
=153 Guyana 5.7% 2013
=153 Cote d'Ivoire 5.7% 2013
=153 Somalia 5.7% 2013
=153 Jordan 5.7% 2013
=153 Guinea 5.7% 2013
=158 Iraq 5.6% 2013
=158 Mali 5.6% 2013
=158 Mauritania 5.6% 2013
=158 Senegal 5.6% 2013
=158 Liberia 5.6% 2013
=163 Democratic Republic of the Congo 5.5% 2013
=163 Niger 5.5% 2013
=163 Mongolia 5.5% 2013
166 Benin 5.3% 2013
=167 Comoros 5.2% 2013
=167 Zambia 5.2% 2013
=167 Guinea-Bissau 5.2% 2013
=167 West Bank 5.2% 2013
=167 Nigeria 5.2% 2013
=167 Gaza Strip 5.2% 2013
=167 Tajikistan 5.2% 2013
=174 Yemen 5.1% 2013
=174 Madagascar 5.1% 2013
OPEC countries average (profile) 5.07% 2013
176 Togo 5% 2013
=177 Uganda 4.9% 2013
=177 Chad 4.9% 2013
=177 Kenya 4.9% 2013
=177 Papua New Guinea 4.9% 2013
=181 Angola 4.8% 2013
=181 Equatorial Guinea 4.8% 2013
=181 Sierra Leone 4.8% 2013
184 Burkina Faso 4.7% 2013
=185 The Gambia 4.6% 2013
=185 Afghanistan 4.6% 2013
187 Burundi 4.5% 2013
188 Rwanda 4.3% 2013
189 Saudi Arabia 4.2% 2013
190 Eritrea 4.1% 2013
191 Oman 3.8% 2013
192 Western Sahara 3.7% 2013
193 Kuwait 3.2% 2013
194 Bahrain 2.9% 2013
195 Qatar 1.2% 2013
196 United Arab Emirates 0.5% 2013

Citation

People > Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio: Countries Compared Map

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