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People > Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio: Countries Compared

DEFINITION: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.

CONTENTS

# COUNTRY AMOUNT DATE GRAPH
1 United Arab Emirates 201.7 2013
2 Qatar 83.9 2013
OPEC countries average (profile) 40.99 2013
3 Bahrain 34.3 2013
4 Kuwait 31.3 2013
Middle Eastern and North Africa average (profile) 31.16 2013
5 Western Sahara 27 2013
6 Oman 26.2 2013
7 Eritrea 24.1 2013
8 Saudi Arabia 23.6 2013
9 Rwanda 23 2013
Muslim countries average (profile) 22.35 2013
10 Burundi 22 2013
11 Afghanistan 21.7 2013
12 The Gambia 21.6 2013
13 Burkina Faso 21.3 2013
14 Equatorial Guinea 21 2013
=15 Angola 20.9 2013
=15 Sierra Leone 20.9 2013
17 Kenya 20.6 2013
18 Chad 20.4 2013
=19 Uganda 20.3 2013
=19 Papua New Guinea 20.3 2013
21 Togo 20.1 2013
22 Yemen 19.8 2013
Former British colonies average (profile) 19.55 2013
23 Madagascar 19.5 2013
24 Zambia 19.4 2013
=25 Comoros 19.3 2013
=25 Guinea-Bissau 19.3 2013
=25 Nigeria 19.3 2013
=28 West Bank 19.2 2013
=28 Gaza Strip 19.2 2013
30 Tajikistan 19.1 2013
31 Benin 18.8 2013
32 Democratic Republic of the Congo 18.2 2013
=33 Niger 18.1 2013
=33 Mongolia 18.1 2013
=35 Mali 17.9 2013
=35 Mauritania 17.9 2013
=35 Senegal 17.9 2013
=38 Iraq 17.8 2013
=38 Liberia 17.8 2013
=40 Guyana 17.7 2013
=40 Somalia 17.7 2013
42 Jordan 17.6 2013
Sub-Saharan Africa average (profile) 17.52 2013
=43 Cote d'Ivoire 17.5 2013
=43 Guinea 17.5 2013
failed states average (profile) 17.43 2013
45 Botswana 17.3 2013
46 Sudan 17.1 2013
47 Namibia 17 2013
=48 Solomon Islands 16.8 2013
=48 Swaziland 16.8 2013
=50 Ghana 16.7 2013
=50 Cameroon 16.7 2013
52 Turkmenistan 16.5 2013
53 Brunei 16.4 2013
54 Sao Tome and Principe 16.3 2013
55 Tanzania 16.2 2013
=56 Laos 16.1 2013
=56 Malawi 16.1 2013
=58 Philippines 15.9 2013
=58 Congo, Republic of the 15.9 2013
60 Ethiopia 15.8 2013
Former French colonies average (profile) 15.74 2013
=61 Kyrgyzstan 15.7 2013
=61 Djibouti 15.7 2013
=61 Uzbekistan 15.7 2013
=64 South Sudan 15.6 2013
=64 Mozambique 15.6 2013
=64 Belize 15.6 2013
=67 Kiribati 15.5 2013
=67 East Timor 15.5 2013
Hot countries average (profile) 15.25 2013
South Asia average (profile) 15.16 2013
=69 Syria 15 2013
=69 Vanuatu 15 2013
71 Federated States of Micronesia 14.9 2013
=72 Algeria 14.7 2013
=72 Zimbabwe 14.7 2013
=72 Central African Republic 14.7 2013
South and Central Asia average (profile) 14.29 2013
=75 Lesotho 14.1 2013
=75 Pakistan 14.1 2013
77 Bhutan 14 2013
Sparsely populated countries average (profile) 13.9 2013
78 Libya 13.7 2013
Landlocked countries average (profile) 13.63 2013
=79 Honduras 13.6 2013
=79 Bangladesh 13.6 2013
=81 Nicaragua 13.5 2013
=81 Morocco 13.5 2013
=83 Burma 13.4 2013
=83 Haiti 13.4 2013
=83 Iran 13.4 2013
=83 Maldives 13.4 2013
87 Azerbaijan 12.9 2013
88 Malaysia 12.8 2013
89 Indonesia 12.6 2013
90 India 12.4 2013
Religious countries average (profile) 12.35 2013
91 Bolivia 12.3 2013
92 Cape Verde 12.2 2013
=93 Guatemala 12.1 2013
=93 Fiji 12.1 2013
95 Cambodia 11.9 2013
East Asia and Pacific average (profile) 11.8 2013
=96 South Africa 11.7 2013
=96 Nepal 11.7 2013
98 Paraguay 11.4 2013
Former Spanish colonies average (profile) 11.36 2013
99 Samoa 11.1 2013
=100 Egypt 10.9 2013
=100 Gabon 10.9 2013
=102 Vietnam 10.7 2013
=102 Colombia 10.7 2013
104 Venezuela 10.6 2013
105 Mexico 10.2 2013
=106 Kazakhstan 10.1 2013
=106 Peru 10.1 2013
=106 Dominican Republic 10.1 2013
Christian countries average (profile) 10.01 2013
=109 Suriname 9.9 2013
=109 Costa Rica 9.9 2013
Latin America and Caribbean average (profile) 9.82 2013
=111 French Polynesia 9.8 2013
=111 Macau 9.8 2013
=111 Ecuador 9.8 2013
=114 Tunisia 9.7 2013
=114 Tonga 9.7 2013
=114 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 9.7 2013
Catholic countries average (profile) 9.62 2013
117 Antigua and Barbuda 9.5 2013
118 Grenada 9.3 2013
119 The Bahamas 9.2 2013
=120 Seychelles 9.1 2013
=120 Brazil 9.1 2013
=120 Turkey 9.1 2013
Former Soviet republics average (profile) 8.98 2013
123 Panama 8.9 2013
124 El Salvador 8.8 2013
Emerging markets average (profile) 8.26 2013
=125 China 8.2 2013
=125 Jamaica 8.2 2013
=125 Mauritius 8.2 2013
=128 Guam 8.1 2013
=128 Lebanon 8.1 2013
Heavily indebted countries average (profile) 8.01 2013
=130 Sri Lanka 7.8 2013
=130 Trinidad and Tobago 7.8 2013
132 Saint Lucia 7.7 2013
133 Thailand 7.4 2013
134 North Korea 7.3 2013
135 Singapore 7.2 2013
136 Chile 6.9 2013
137 New Caledonia 6.8 2013
138 Armenia 6.7 2013
139 Barbados 6.5 2013
140 Albania 6.4 2013
141 Moldova 6.3 2013
Cold countries average (profile) 6.25 2013
142 Aruba 6.1 2013
143 South Korea 6 2013
144 Argentina 5.9 2013
Non-religious countries average (profile) 5.88 2013
Potential Future EU Members average (profile) 5.83 2013
145 Cyprus 5.8 2013
=146 Republic of Macedonia 5.7 2013
=146 Israel 5.7 2013
148 Slovakia 5.6 2013
=149 Russia 5.5 2013
=149 Ireland 5.5 2013
Eastern Europe average (profile) 5.32 2013
=151 Cuba 5.3 2013
=151 Hong Kong 5.3 2013
=153 Iceland 5.2 2013
=153 Montenegro 5.2 2013
155 Belarus 5.1 2013
156 Poland 4.9 2013
=157 Puerto Rico 4.8 2013
=157 United States 4.8 2013
=157 Serbia 4.8 2013
=157 Luxembourg 4.8 2013
=161 Ukraine 4.7 2013
=161 New Zealand 4.7 2013
=161 Georgia 4.7 2013
Europe average (profile) 4.7 2013
=164 Romania 4.6 2013
=164 Australia 4.6 2013
=166 Uruguay 4.5 2013
=166 Canada 4.5 2013
=168 Lithuania 4.4 2013
=168 Bosnia and Herzegovina 4.4 2013
NATO countries average (profile) 4.27 2013
High income OECD countries average (profile) 4.23 2013
170 Malta 4.2 2013
=171 Czech Republic 4.1 2013
=171 Guernsey 4.1 2013
=171 Norway 4.1 2013
=171 Jersey 4.1 2013
Eurozone average (profile) 4.01 2013
=175 Slovenia 4 2013
=175 Hungary 4 2013
European Union average (profile) 4 2013
=177 Virgin Islands 3.9 2013
=177 Netherlands 3.9 2013
=179 Switzerland 3.8 2013
=179 Spain 3.8 2013
=181 Croatia 3.7 2013
=181 Austria 3.7 2013
=181 United Kingdom 3.7 2013
=181 Estonia 3.7 2013
Group of 7 countries (G7) average (profile) 3.61 2013
=185 Belgium 3.6 2013
=185 Latvia 3.6 2013
=185 Denmark 3.6 2013
=185 France 3.6 2013
=189 Bulgaria 3.5 2013
=189 Portugal 3.5 2013
191 Finland 3.4 2013
=192 Sweden 3.3 2013
=192 Greece 3.3 2013
=194 Germany 3.1 2013
=194 Italy 3.1 2013
196 Japan 2.5 2013

Citation

People > Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio: Countries Compared Map

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