Country vs country: Pakistan and United Kingdom compared: Environment


  • Acidification: Percentage of country with acidification excedence
    Units: Percent of Land Area
    Units: From a map of acidification excedence, all areas at risk within each country were added together in order to calculate the percentage of the entire country at risk of excedence. See pages 21-22 of the 2001 ESI report for more details on how the acidification excedence map was produced.
  • Areas under protection: Protected Areas under IUCN management categories I - VI (1992-2003)
  • CO2 Emissions: CO2: Total Emissions (excluding land-use) Units: thousand metric tonnes of carbon dioxide
  • CO2 emissions > Kt: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.
  • Carbon efficiency: Carbon economic efficiency (CO2 emissions per dollar GDP)
    Units: Metric Tons/US Dollar GDP
  • Current issues: This entry lists the most pressing and important environmental problems. The following terms and abbreviations are used throughout the entry:
  • Ecological footprint: Ecological footprint per capita
    Units: Hectares per Person
  • Endangered species protection: Percent of CITES reporting requirements met
    Units: Percent of Requirements Met
    Units: Countries that have not ratified the CITES convention are recorded as having zero percent of their requirements met.
  • Known mammal species: Known mammal species (1992-2002).
  • Marine fish catch: Total marine fish catch
    Units: Metric Tons
  • Protected area: Environmentally protected area (1997)
  • Threatened species: Number of Threatened Species (1990-99)
  • Water > Availability: Water availability per capita (1961-1990 (avg.))
    Units: Thousands Cubic Meters/Person
    Units: This variable measures internal renewable water (average annual surface runoff and groundwater recharge generated from endogenous precipitation)
  • Wildness: Percent of land area having very low anthropogenic impact
    Units: Percent of Land Area
    Units: Global grids for population (GPW), land use (USGS AVHRR based classification from EROS data center), VMAP roads, VMAP railways, VMAP coastlines, VMAP major rivers and the stable lights data were all scored for "wildness". The scores were aggregated and normalized.
STAT Pakistan United Kingdom HISTORY
Acidification 0.0
Ranked 90th.
Ranked 10th.

Areas under protection 83
Ranked 49th.
Ranked 18th. 7 times more than Pakistan

CO2 Emissions 105,983
Ranked 32nd.
Ranked 7th. 5 times more than Pakistan

CO2 emissions > Kt 114,139.1 kt
Ranked 34th.
558,461 kt
Ranked 8th. 5 times more than Pakistan

Carbon efficiency 1.14 CO2 emissions/$ GDP
Ranked 70th.
1.17 CO2 emissions/$ GDP
Ranked 69th. 3% more than Pakistan

Current issues water pollution from raw sewage, industrial wastes, and agricultural runoff; limited natural fresh water resources; most of the population does not have access to potable water; deforestation; soil erosion; desertification continues to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (has met Kyoto Protocol target of a 12.5% reduction from 1990 levels and intends to meet the legally binding target and move toward a domestic goal of a 20% cut in emissions by 2010); by 2005 the government reduced the amount of industrial and commercial waste disposed of in landfill sites to 85% of 1998 levels and recycled or composted at least 25% of household waste, increasing to 33% by 2015

Ecological footprint 1.09
Ranked 106th.
Ranked 16th. 6 times more than Pakistan

Endangered species protection 78.3%
Ranked 55th.
Ranked 16th. 28% more than Pakistan

Known mammal species 188
Ranked 48th. 4 times more than United Kingdom
Ranked 134th.

Marine fish catch 431,873 tons
Ranked 29th.
711,809 tons
Ranked 18th. 65% more than Pakistan

Protected area 4.8%
Ranked 81st.
Ranked 11th. 4 times more than Pakistan

Threatened species 45
Ranked 41st. 3 times more than United Kingdom
Ranked 104th.

Total renewable water resources 233.8 cu km
Ranked 5th. 46% more than United Kingdom
160.6 cu km
Ranked 7th.

Water > Availability 0.23 thousand cubic metres
Ranked 127th.
3.1 thousand cubic metres
Ranked 68th. 13 times more than Pakistan

Wildness 2.51%
Ranked 76th. 12 times more than United Kingdom
Ranked 99th.

SOURCES: Stockholm Environment Institute at York, Acidification in Developing Countries: Ecosystem Sensitivity and the Critical Loads Approach at the Global scale, 2000 via ciesin.org; World Resources Institute; World Resources Institute. 2003. Carbon Emissions from energy use and cement manufacturing, 1850 to 2000. Available on-line through the Climate Analysis Indicators Tool (CAIT) at Washington, DC: World Resources Institute; World Development Indicators database; Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), Living Planet Report 2000, Gland, Switzerland: 2000, and Redefining Progress.; Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, Report on National Reports Required Under Article VIII, Paragraph 7(a), of the Convention, Eleventh Meeting of the Conference of the Parties, Gigiri, Kenya, April 2000; FAOSTAT on-line database; Jacaranda Atlas; United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; Center for Environmental Systems Research, University of Kassel, WaterGAP 2.1B, 2001 via ciesin.org; Wild Areas Project (WAP), joint Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and CIESIN project to map the lastwild places on the earth's surface. via ciesin.org


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