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Country vs country: Pakistan and United Kingdom compared: Environment stats

Definitions

  • Biodiversity > Bird species, threatened: Bird species, threatened. Birds are listed for countries included within their breeding or wintering ranges. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known.
  • Biodiversity > Mammal species, threatened: Mammal species, threatened. Mammal species are mammals excluding whales and porpoises. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total > Million metric tons: CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production is the sum of three IEA categories of CO2 emissions: (1) Main Activity Producer Electricity and Heat which contains the sum of emissions from main activity producer electricity generation, combined heat and power generation and heat plants. Main activity producers (formerly known as public utilities) are defined as those undertakings whose primary activity is to supply the public. They may be publicly or privately owned. This corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 1 a. For the CO2 emissions from fuel combustion (summary) file, emissions from own on-site use of fuel in power plants (EPOWERPLT) are also included. (2) Unallocated Autoproducers which contains the emissions from the generation of electricity and/or heat by autoproducers. Autoproducers are defined as undertakings that generate electricity and/or heat, wholly or partly for their own use as an activity which supports their primary activity. They may be privately or publicly owned. In the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, these emissions would normally be distributed between industry, transport and "other" sectors. (3) Other Energy Industries contains emissions from fuel combusted in petroleum refineries, for the manufacture of solid fuels, coal mining, oil and gas extraction and other energy-producing industries. This corresponds to the IPCC Source/Sink Categories 1 A 1 b and 1 A 1 c. According to the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, emissions from coke inputs to blast furnaces can either be counted here or in the Industrial Processes source/sink category. Within detailed sectoral calculations, certain non-energy processes can be distinguished. In the reduction of iron in a blast furnace through the combustion of coke, the primary purpose of the coke oxidation is to produce pig iron and the emissions can be considered as an industrial process. Care must be taken not to double count these emissions in both Energy and Industrial Processes. In the IEA estimations, these emissions have been included in this category.
  • Current issues: This entry lists the most pressing and important environmental problems. The following terms and abbreviations are used throughout the entry:
  • Ecological footprint: Ecological footprint per capita
    Units: Hectares per Person
  • Marine fish catch: Total marine fish catch
    Units: Metric Tons
  • Pollution perceptions > Air pollution: Air Pollution. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with the quality of air in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Pollution perceptions > Air quality: Air quality. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with the quality of air in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Pollution perceptions > Drinking water pollution: Drinking Water Pollution and Inaccessibility. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How do you find quality and the accessibility of drinking water?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Pollution perceptions > Drinking water quality: Drinking Water Quality and Accessibility. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How do you find quality and the accessibility of drinking water?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Pollution perceptions > Pollution index: Pollution Index is an estimation of the overall pollution in the city. The biggest weight is given to air pollution, than to water pollution/accessibility, two main pollution factors. Small weight is given to other pollution types.
  • Pollution perceptions > Waste management dissatisfaction: Dissatisfaction with Garbage Disposal. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with a garbage disposal in the city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Pollution perceptions > Water pollution: Water Pollution. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Are you concerned with the water pollution in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Proportion of land area under protection: Terrestrial areas protected to total surface area, percentage.
  • Transport CO2 emission index: CO2 Emission Index is an estimation of CO2 consumption due to traffic time. Measurement unit is grams for the return trip. To calculate an average estimation of emission in grams for one way commute to work, divide this value with 2.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total > Million metric tons per million: CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production is the sum of three IEA categories of CO2 emissions: (1) Main Activity Producer Electricity and Heat which contains the sum of emissions from main activity producer electricity generation, combined heat and power generation and heat plants. Main activity producers (formerly known as public utilities) are defined as those undertakings whose primary activity is to supply the public. They may be publicly or privately owned. This corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 1 a. For the CO2 emissions from fuel combustion (summary) file, emissions from own on-site use of fuel in power plants (EPOWERPLT) are also included. (2) Unallocated Autoproducers which contains the emissions from the generation of electricity and/or heat by autoproducers. Autoproducers are defined as undertakings that generate electricity and/or heat, wholly or partly for their own use as an activity which supports their primary activity. They may be privately or publicly owned. In the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, these emissions would normally be distributed between industry, transport and "other" sectors. (3) Other Energy Industries contains emissions from fuel combusted in petroleum refineries, for the manufacture of solid fuels, coal mining, oil and gas extraction and other energy-producing industries. This corresponds to the IPCC Source/Sink Categories 1 A 1 b and 1 A 1 c. According to the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, emissions from coke inputs to blast furnaces can either be counted here or in the Industrial Processes source/sink category. Within detailed sectoral calculations, certain non-energy processes can be distinguished. In the reduction of iron in a blast furnace through the combustion of coke, the primary purpose of the coke oxidation is to produce pig iron and the emissions can be considered as an industrial process. Care must be taken not to double count these emissions in both Energy and Industrial Processes. In the IEA estimations, these emissions have been included in this category. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Adjusted net national income > Current US$: Adjusted net national income (current US$). Adjusted net national income is GNI minus consumption of fixed capital and natural resources depletion.
  • Biodiversity > Fish species, threatened: Fish species, threatened. Fish species are based on Froese, R. and Pauly, D. (eds). 2008. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known.
  • Pollution perceptions > Clean water: Water Quality. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Are you concerned with the water pollution in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Pollution perceptions > Waste management satisfaction: Garbage Disposal Satisfaction. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with a garbage disposal in the city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • CO2 emissions > Kt: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions > Metric tons per capita: CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita). Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.
  • CO2 Emissions per 1000: CO2: Total Emissions (excluding land-use) Units: thousand metric tonnes of carbon dioxide. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions > Kt: CO2 emissions (kt). Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.
  • CO2 emissions > Kt > Per capita: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Pollution > Climate change > Agrees climate change is caused by human activity: Percentage of population who responded yes when asked if they believed global warming was a result of human activities. In this survey, global warming refers to the current rise in earth's temperature and not climate change as a whole.
  • Water > Severe water stress: Percent of country's territory under severe water stress
    Units: Percent of Land Area
    Units: This data is derived from the WaterGap 2.1 gridded hydrological model developed by the Center for Environmental Systems Research, University of Kassel, Germany. The modellers derived, for each country, grid cell by grid cell estimates of whether the water consumption exceeds 40 percent of the water available in that particular grid cell. These were then converted to land area equivalents in order to calculate the percentage of the territory under severe water stress.

  • National parks > Number of parks: Number of parks.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Pollution perceptions > Dirty, untidy cities: Dirty and Untidy. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Do you find city clean and tidy?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Pollution perceptions > Noise and light pollution: Noise and Light Pollution. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How concerned are you with noise pollution and light during the night in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Pollution perceptions > Urban discomfort from pollution: Dissatisfaction to Spend Time in the City. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Are you feeling comfortable to spend time in the city because of the pollution?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Forest area > Sq. km > Per capita: Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees, whether productive or not. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • SO2 emissions per populated area: SO2 emissions per populated land area
    Units: 1000 Metric Tons/Sq. Km. of Populated Land Area
    Units: We obtained the total emissions for each country by summarizing emissions data, originally available as a grid map with 1 degree x 1 degree cells. Air pollution is generally greatest in densely populated areas. To take this into account, we used the Gridded Population of the World dataset available from CIESIN and calculated the total land area in each country inhabited with a population density of greater than 5 persons per sq. km. We then used this land area as a denominator for the emissions data.

  • Emissions > CO2 emissions > Kt: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring."
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions > Kg per 2000 US$ of GDP: CO2 emissions (kg per 2000 US$ of GDP). Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.
  • Carbon efficiency: Carbon economic efficiency (CO2 emissions per dollar GDP)
    Units: Metric Tons/US Dollar GDP
  • Pollution perceptions > Free of noise and light pollution: Quiet and No Problem with Night Lights. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How concerned are you with noise pollution and light during the night in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Adjusted net national income > Current US$ per capita: Adjusted net national income (current US$). Adjusted net national income is GNI minus consumption of fixed capital and natural resources depletion. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Pollution > Climate change > Climate change awareness: Percentage of each country's population who claimed knowing "something" or a "great deal" about climate change when asked: "How much do you know about global warming or climate change?"
  • Endangered species > Bird species: Birds are listed for countries included within their breeding or wintering ranges. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known."
  • Pollution perceptions > Urban comfort > Low pollution: Comfortable to Spend Time in the City. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Are you feeling comfortable to spend time in the city because of the pollution?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Pollution perceptions > Clean, tidy cities: Clean and Tidy. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Do you find city clean and tidy?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Endangered species > Mammal species > Number: Mammal species are mammals excluding whales and porpoises. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known."
  • Biodiversity > Number: GEF benefits index for biodiversity is a composite index of relative biodiversity potential for each country based on the species represented in each country, their threat status, and the diversity of habitat types in each country. The index has been normalized so that values run from 0 (no biodiversity potential) to 100 (maximum biodiversity potential)."
  • Water > Availability: Water availability per capita (1961-1990 (avg.))
    Units: Thousands Cubic Meters/Person
    Units: This variable measures internal renewable water (average annual surface runoff and groundwater recharge generated from endogenous precipitation)

  • Marine fish catch per 1000: Total marine fish catch
    Units: Metric Tons. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Water > Percent of water resources used: Proportion of total water resources used, percentage.
  • Acidification: Percentage of country with acidification excedence
    Units: Percent of Land Area
    Units: From a map of acidification excedence, all areas at risk within each country were added together in order to calculate the percentage of the entire country at risk of excedence. See pages 21-22 of the 2001 ESI report for more details on how the acidification excedence map was produced.

  • Water > Drinking water > Population with improved drinking water sources > Urban and rural: Proportion of the population using improved drinking water sources, total.
  • Sanitation > Population with improved sanitation > Urban and rural: Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities, total.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions > Kt per 1000: CO2 emissions (kt). Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • NOx emissions per populated area: NOx emissions per populated land area
    Units: 1000 Metric Tons/Sq. Km. of Populated Land Area
    Units: We obtained the total emissions for each country by summarizing emissions data, originally available as a grid map with 1 degree x 1 degree cells. Air pollution is generally greatest in densely populated areas. To take this into account, we used the Gridded Population of the World dataset available from CIESIN and calculated the total land area in each country inhabited with a population density of greater than 5 persons per sq. km. We then used this land area as a denominator for the emissions data.

  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services > Million metric tons per million: CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services contains all emissions from fuel combustion in households. This corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 4 b. Commercial and public services includes emissions from all activities of ISIC Divisions 41, 50-52, 55, 63-67, 70-75, 80, 85, 90-93 and 99. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Pollution > PM10, country level > Micrograms per cubic meter: PM10, country level (micrograms per cubic meter). Particulate matter concentrations refer to fine suspended particulates less than 10 microns in diameter (PM10) that are capable of penetrating deep into the respiratory tract and causing significant health damage. Data for countries and aggregates for regions and income groups are urban-population weighted PM10 levels in residential areas of cities with more than 100,000 residents. The estimates represent the average annual exposure level of the average urban resident to outdoor particulate matter. The state of a country's technology and pollution controls is an important determinant of particulate matter concentrations.
  • Water > Drinking water > Population with improved drinking water sources > Rural: Proportion of the population using improved drinking water sources, rural.
  • Endangered species protection: Percent of CITES reporting requirements met
    Units: Percent of Requirements Met
    Units: Countries that have not ratified the CITES convention are recorded as having zero percent of their requirements met.

  • CO2 emissions > Kt per 1000: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Known mammal species: Known mammal species (1992-2002).
  • Biodiversity > Plant species > Higher, threatened: Plant species (higher), threatened. Higher plants are native vascular plant species. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known.
  • Biodiversity > GEF benefits index for biodiversity > 0 = no biodiversity potential to 100 = maximum: GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0 = no biodiversity potential to 100 = maximum). GEF benefits index for biodiversity is a composite index of relative biodiversity potential for each country based on the species represented in each country, their threat status, and the diversity of habitat types in each country. The index has been normalized so that values run from 0 (no biodiversity potential) to 100 (maximum biodiversity potential).
  • Forest area > Sq. km: Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees, whether productive or not.
  • Sanitation > Population with improved sanitation > Urban: Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities, urban.
  • Threatened species: Number of Threatened Species (1990-99)
  • Emissions > CO2 emissions > Metric tons per capita: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring."
  • Total renewable water resources per million: . Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Pollution > Organic water pollutant > BOD emissions > Kg per day: Organic water pollutant (BOD) emissions (kg per day). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Wetlands of intl importance > Area: Wetlands of international importance 2002
  • Proportion of land and marine area under protection: Terrestrial and marine areas protected to total territorial area, percentage.
  • Endangered species > Higher plant species > Number: Higher plants are native vascular plant species. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known."
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services > Million metric tons: CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services contains all emissions from fuel combustion in households. This corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 4 b. Commercial and public services includes emissions from all activities of ISIC Divisions 41, 50-52, 55, 63-67, 70-75, 80, 85, 90-93 and 99.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from other sectors, excluding residential buildings and commercial and public services > Million metric tons: CO2 emissions from other sectors, excluding residential buildings and commercial and public services (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from other sectors, less residential buildings and commercial and public services, contains the emissions from commercial/institutional activities, residential, agriculture/forestry, fishing and other emissions not specified elsewhere that are included in the IPCC Source/Sink Categories 1 A 4 and 1 A 5. In the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, the category also includes emissions from autoproducers in the commercial/residential/agricultural sectors that generate electricity and/or heat. The IEA data are not collected in a way that allows the energy consumption to be split by specific end-use and therefore, autoproducers are shown as a separate item (Unallocated Autoproducers).
  • Endangered species > Fish species > Number: Fish species are based on Froese, R. and Pauly, D. (eds). 2008. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known."
  • Climate change > Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent: Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent). Other greenhouse gas emissions are by-product emissions of hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride.
  • Freshwater > Renewable internal freshwater resources > Total > Billion cubic meters: Renewable internal freshwater resources flows refer to internal renewable resources (internal river flows and groundwater from rainfall) in the country.
  • Freshwater > Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita > Cubic meters: Renewable internal freshwater resources flows refer to internal renewable resources (internal river flows and groundwater from rainfall) in the country. Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita are calculated using the World Bank's population estimates.
  • Organic water pollutant > BOD emissions > Kg per day per worker: Emissions per worker are total emissions of organic water pollutants divided by the number of industrial workers. Organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption > Kt: CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt). Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of petroleum-derived fuels as an energy source.
  • Urban SO2 concentration: Urban SO2 concentration
    Units: Micrograms/m3
    Units: The values were originally collected at the city level. Each nation varied in terms of the number of cities reported, so this data should be used with some caution. Within each country the values have been normalized by city population for the year 1995, then added together to obtain the total concentration for the given country.

  • Protected area: Environmentally protected area (1997)
  • CO2 emissions > Kg per 2000 PPP $ of GDP: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.
  • Water > Dissolved oxygen concentration: Dissolved oxygen concentration
    Units: Milligrams/Liter
    Units: The country values represent averages of the station-level values for the three year time period 1994-96, exceptwhere data were only available for an earlier time period (1988-1993). The number of stations per country varies depending on country size; number of bodies of water; and level of participation in the GEMS monitoring system. The data from "The Wellbeing of Nations" included a smaller subset of stations representing outfalls of major watersheds. An analysis of a sample of countries with numerous stations found that the data for stations in the subset is broadly comparable to the data for all GEMS stations in those countries.

  • Emissions > PM10 > Country level > Micrograms per cubic meter: Particulate matter concentrations refer to fine suspended particulates less than 10 microns in diameter (PM10) that are capable of penetrating deep into the respiratory tract and causing significant health damage. Data for countries and aggregates for regions and income groups are urban-population weighted PM10 levels in residential areas of cities with more than 100,000 residents. The estimates represent the average annual exposure level of the average urban resident to outdoor particulate matter. The state of a country's technology and pollution controls is an important determinant of particulate matter concentrations."
  • Biosphere > Reserves area: Biosphere reserves area 2002.
  • Adjusted net national income > Constant 2000 US$: Adjusted net national income (constant 2000 US$). Adjusted net national income is GNI minus consumption of fixed capital and natural resources depletion.
  • Adjusted net national income > Constant 2000 US$ per capita: Adjusted net national income (constant 2000 US$). Adjusted net national income is GNI minus consumption of fixed capital and natural resources depletion. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change sign date: Signature.
  • Wildness: Percent of land area having very low anthropogenic impact
    Units: Percent of Land Area
    Units: Global grids for population (GPW), land use (USGS AVHRR based classification from EROS data center), VMAP roads, VMAP railways, VMAP coastlines, VMAP major rivers and the stable lights data were all scored for "wildness". The scores were aggregated and normalized.

  • Water > Drinking water > Population with improved drinking water sources > Urban: Proportion of the population using improved drinking water sources, urban.
  • Water > Drinking water > Population with improved sanitation > Rural: Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities, rural.
  • Biodiversity and protected areas > Terrestrial protected areas > Number: Terrestrial protected areas are those officially documented by national authorities.
  • Biodiversity > GEF benefits index for biodiversity > 0 = no biodiversity potential to 100 = maximum per million: GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0 = no biodiversity potential to 100 = maximum). GEF benefits index for biodiversity is a composite index of relative biodiversity potential for each country based on the species represented in each country, their threat status, and the diversity of habitat types in each country. The index has been normalized so that values run from 0 (no biodiversity potential) to 100 (maximum biodiversity potential). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption > Kt per 1000: CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt). Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of petroleum-derived fuels as an energy source. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption > Kt: CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt). Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of natural gas as an energy source.
  • Pollution > Organic water pollutant > BOD emissions > Kg per day per worker: Organic water pollutant (BOD) emissions (kg per day per worker). Emissions per worker are total emissions of organic water pollutants divided by the number of industrial workers. Organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Total > Billion cubic meters: Annual freshwater withdrawals refer to total water withdrawals, not counting evaporation losses from storage basins. Withdrawals also include water from desalination plants in countries where they are a significant source. Withdrawals can exceed 100 percent of total renewable resources where extraction from nonrenewable aquifers or desalination plants is considerable or where there is significant water reuse. Withdrawals for agriculture and industry are total withdrawals for irrigation and livestock production and for direct industrial use (including withdrawals for cooling thermoelectric plants). Withdrawals for domestic uses include drinking water, municipal use or supply, and use for public services, commercial establishments, and homes. Data are for the most recent year available for 1987-2002."
  • Areas under protection: Protected Areas under IUCN management categories I - VI (1992-2003)
  • Threatened species > Mammal: Number of threatened mammal species (1997)
  • Emissions > Methane emissions > Kt of CO2 equivalent: Methane emissions are those stemming from human activities such as agriculture and from industrial methane production.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Net forest depletion > Current US$: Net forest depletion is calculated as the product of unit resource rents and the excess of roundwood harvest over natural growth.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Energy depletion > Current US$: Energy depletion is equal to the product of unit resource rents and the physical quantities of energy extracted. It covers crude oil, natural gas, and coal."
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Net national savings > Current US$: Net national savings are equal to gross national savings less the value of consumption of fixed capital.
  • Forest area > Sq. km per 1000: Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees, whether productive or not. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Water > Salinisation: Electrical conductivity
    Units: Micro-Siemens/Centimeter
    Units: The country values represent averages of the station-level values for the three year time period 1994-96, except where data were only available for an earlier time period (1988-1993). The number of stations per country varies depending on country size; number of water bodies; and level of participation in the GEMS monitoring system.

  • Known mammal species per million: Known mammal species (1992-2002). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Climate change > Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent per million: Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent). Other greenhouse gas emissions are by-product emissions of hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Pollution > Carbon dioxide 1999: 1999 total CO2 emissions from fossil-fuel burning, cement production, and gas flaring. Emissions are expressed in thousand metric tons of carbon (not CO2).
  • Emissions > Nitrous oxide emissions > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent: Nitrous oxide emissions are emissions from agricultural biomass burning, industrial activities, and livestock management."
  • Biodiversity and protected areas > Marine protected areas > Number: Marine protected areas are areas of intertidal or subtidal terrain--and overlying water and associated flora and fauna and historical and cultural features--that have been reserved by law or other effective means to protect part or all of the enclosed environment.
  • Pollution > Climate change > Perceived as threat: Percentage of country's population that perceives climate change as a threat. Results are from a 2008 Gallop Poll.
  • Marine areas under protection: Protected marine areas under IUCN management categories I - VI (1992-2003)
  • Urban NO2 concentration: Urban NO2 concentration
    Units: Micrograms/m3
    Units: The values were originally collected at the city level. Each nation varied in terms of the number of cities reported, so this data should be used with some caution. Within each country the values have been normalized by city population for the year 1995, then added together to obtain the total concentration for the given country.

  • PM10 > Country level > Micrograms per cubic meter: Particulate matter concentrations refer to fine suspended particulates less than 10 microns in diameter (PM10) that are capable of penetrating deep into the respiratory tract and causing significant health damage. Data for countries and aggregates for regions and income groups are urban-population weighted PM10 levels in residential areas of cities with more than 100,000 residents. The estimates represent the average annual exposure level of the average urban resident to outdoor particulate matter. The state of a countryÂ’s technology and pollution controls is an important determinant of particulate matter concentrations.
  • Water > Suspended solids: Suspended solids
    Units: Natural Log of Milligrams/Liter
    Units: The country values represent averages of the station-level values for the three year time period 1994-96, exceptwhere data were only available for an earlier time period (1988-1993). The number of stations per country varies depending on country size; number of bodies of water; and level of participation in the GEMS monitoring system. Data from "The Wellbeing of Nations" included a smaller subset of stations representing outfalls of majorwatersheds. An analysis of a sample of countries with numerous stations found that the data for stations in the subset is broadly comparable to the data for all GEMS stations in those countries. The data in this table was transformed using the natural logarithm.

  • Areas under protection per million: Protected Areas under IUCN management categories I - VI (1992-2003). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Wetlands of intl importance > Area per million: Wetlands of international importance 2002. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Known breeding bird species: Known breeding bird mammal species (1992-2002).
  • Fertiliser > Consumption: Fertilizer consumption per hectare of arable land
    Units: Hundreds Grams/Hectare of Arable Land
  • Breeding birds threatened: Percentage of breeding birds threatened
    Units: Percent of Breeding Birds
    Units: The number of bird species threatened divided by known bird species in the country, expressed as a percentage.

  • Pollution > Carbon dioxide 1999 per 1000: 1999 total CO2 emissions from fossil-fuel burning, cement production, and gas flaring. Emissions are expressed in thousand metric tons of carbon (not CO2). Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Industry > % of total freshwater withdrawal: Annual freshwater withdrawals refer to total water withdrawals, not counting evaporation losses from storage basins. Withdrawals also include water from desalination plants in countries where they are a significant source. Withdrawals can exceed 100 percent of total renewable resources where extraction from nonrenewable aquifers or desalination plants is considerable or where there is significant water reuse. Withdrawals for industry are total withdrawals for direct industrial use (including withdrawals for cooling thermoelectric plants). Data are for the most recent year available for 1987-2002."
  • Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Domestic > % of total freshwater withdrawal: Annual freshwater withdrawals refer to total water withdrawals, not counting evaporation losses from storage basins. Withdrawals also include water from desalination plants in countries where they are a significant source. Withdrawals can exceed 100 percent of total renewable resources where extraction from nonrenewable aquifers or desalination plants is considerable or where there is significant water reuse. Withdrawals for domestic uses include drinking water, municipal use or supply, and use for public services, commercial establishments, and homes. Data are for the most recent year available for 1987-2002."
  • Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Agriculture > % of total freshwater withdrawal: Annual freshwater withdrawals refer to total water withdrawals, not counting evaporation losses from storage basins. Withdrawals also include water from desalination plants in countries where they are a significant source. Withdrawals can exceed 100 percent of total renewable resources where extraction from nonrenewable aquifers or desalination plants is considerable or where there is significant water reuse. Withdrawals for agriculture are total withdrawals for irrigation and livestock production. Data are for the most recent year available for 1987-2002."
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption > % of total: CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total). Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of natural gas as an energy source.
  • Oil rents > % of GDP: Oil rents (% of GDP). Oil rents are the difference between the value of crude oil production at world prices and total costs of production.
  • Emissions > Industrial methane emissions > % of total: Industrial methane emissions are emissions from the handling, transmission, and combustion of fossil fuels and biofuels."
  • Emissions > CO2 intensity > Kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use: Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source.
  • Emissions > CO2 emissions > Kg per PPP $ of GDP: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring."
  • Emissions > CO2 emissions > Kg per 2005 PPP $ of GDP: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring."
  • Emissions > CO2 emissions > Kg per 2000 US$ of GDP: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring."
  • Emissions > Agricultural nitrous oxide emissions > % of total: Agricultural nitrous oxide emissions are emissions produced through fertilizer use (synthetic and animal manure), animal waste management, agricultural waste burning (nonenergy, on-site), and savannah burning."
  • Emissions > Agricultural methane emissions > % of total: Agricultural methane emissions are emissions from animals, animal waste, rice production, agricultural waste burning (nonenergy, on-site), and savannah burning."
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption > Kt per 1000: CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt). Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of natural gas as an energy source. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Particulate emission damage > Current US$: Particulate emissions damage is calculated as the willingness to pay to avoid mortality attributable to particulate emissions.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Particulate emission damage > % of GNI: Particulate emissions damage is calculated as the willingness to pay to avoid mortality attributable to particulate emissions.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption > Kt per 1000: CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt). Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Biosphere > Reserves area per million: Biosphere reserves area 2002. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Climate change > GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF > Mt of CO2 equivalent per million: GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (Mt of CO2 equivalent). GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF refers to changes in atmospheric levels of all greenhouse gases attributable to forest and land-use change activities, including but not limited to (1) emissions and removals of CO2 from decreases or increases in biomass stocks due to forest management, logging, fuelwood collection, etc.; (2) conversion of existing forests and natural grasslands to other land uses; (3) removal of CO2 from the abandonment of formerly managed lands (e.g. croplands and pastures); and (4) emissions and removals of CO2 in soil associated with land-use change and management. For Annex-I countries under the UNFCCC, these data are drawn from the annual GHG inventories submitted to the UNFCCC by each country; for non-Annex-I countries, data are drawn from the most recently submitted National Communication where available. Because of differences in reporting years and methodologies, these data are not generally considered comparable across countries. Data are in million metric tons. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Net national savings > % of GNI: Net national savings are equal to gross national savings less the value of consumption of fixed capital.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption > Kt: CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt). Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Net forest depletion > % of GNI: Net forest depletion is calculated as the product of unit resource rents and the excess of roundwood harvest over natural growth.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Carbon dioxide damage > % of GNI: Carbon dioxide damage is estimated to be $20 per ton of carbon (the unit damage in 1995 U.S. dollars) times the number of tons of carbon emitted.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted net savings > Including particulate emission damage > Current US$: Adjusted net savings are equal to net national savings plus education expenditure and minus energy depletion, mineral depletion, net forest depletion, and carbon dioxide and particulate emissions damage."
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted net savings > Excluding particulate emission damage > Current US$: Adjusted net savings are equal to net national savings plus education expenditure and minus energy depletion, mineral depletion, net forest depletion, and carbon dioxide. This series excludes particulate emissions damage."
  • Forest area > % of land area: Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees, whether productive or not.
  • Water pollution > Metal industry > % of total BOD emissions: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: primary metals (ISIC division 37). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption > % of total: CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total). Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted net savings > Excluding particulate emission damage > % of GNI: Adjusted net savings are equal to net national savings plus education expenditure and minus energy depletion, mineral depletion, net forest depletion, and carbon dioxide. This series excludes particulate emissions damage."
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Energy depletion > % of GNI: Energy depletion is equal to the product of unit resource rents and the physical quantities of energy extracted. It covers crude oil, natural gas, and coal."
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted net savings > Including particulate emission damage > % of GNI: Adjusted net savings are equal to net national savings plus education expenditure and minus energy depletion, mineral depletion, net forest depletion, and carbon dioxide and particulate emissions damage."
  • Water > Phosphorus concentration: Phosphorus concentration
    Units: Milligrams/Liter
    Units: The country values represent averages of the station-level values for the three year time period 1994-96, except where data were only available for an earlier time period (1988-1993). The number of stations per country varies depending on country size; number of bodies of water; and level of participation in the GEMS monitoring system. The data from "The Wellbeing of Nations" included a smaller subset of stations representing outfalls of major watersheds. An analysis of a sample of countries with numerous stations found that the data for stations in the subset is broadly comparable to the data for all GEMS stations in those countries.

  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Mineral depletion > % of GNI: Mineral depletion is equal to the product of unit resource rents and the physical quantities of minerals extracted. It refers to bauxite, copper, iron, lead, nickel, phosphate, tin, zinc, gold, and silver."
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Consumption of fixed capital > Current US$: Consumption of fixed capital represents the replacement value of capital used up in the process of production.
  • Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Total > % of internal resources: Annual freshwater withdrawals refer to total water withdrawals, not counting evaporation losses from storage basins. Withdrawals also include water from desalination plants in countries where they are a significant source. Withdrawals can exceed 100 percent of total renewable resources where extraction from nonrenewable aquifers or desalination plants is considerable or where there is significant water reuse. Withdrawals for agriculture and industry are total withdrawals for irrigation and livestock production and for direct industrial use (including withdrawals for cooling thermoelectric plants). Withdrawals for domestic uses include drinking water, municipal use or supply, and use for public services, commercial establishments, and homes. Data are for the most recent year available for 1987-2002."
  • Pollution > Water pollution, chemical industry > % of total BOD emissions: Water pollution, chemical industry (% of total BOD emissions). Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: chemicals (35). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Pollution > Water pollution, clay and glass industry > % of total BOD emissions: Water pollution, clay and glass industry (% of total BOD emissions). Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: stone, ceramics, and glass (36). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Pollution > Water pollution, metal industry > % of total BOD emissions: Water pollution, metal industry (% of total BOD emissions). Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: primary metals (ISIC division 37). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Pollution > Water pollution, food industry > % of total BOD emissions: Water pollution, food industry (% of total BOD emissions). Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: food and beverages (31). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Pollution > Water pollution, other industry > % of total BOD emissions: Water pollution, other industry (% of total BOD emissions). Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: other (38 and 39). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Pollution > Water pollution, paper and pulp industry > % of total BOD emissions: Water pollution, paper and pulp industry (% of total BOD emissions). Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: paper and pulp (34). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Pollution > Water pollution, textile industry > % of total BOD emissions: Water pollution, textile industry (% of total BOD emissions). Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: textiles (32). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Pollution > Water pollution, wood industry > % of total BOD emissions: Water pollution, wood industry (% of total BOD emissions). Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: wood (33). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Consumption of fixed capital > % of GNI: Consumption of fixed capital represents the replacement value of capital used up in the process of production.
  • Total natural resources rents > % of GDP: Total natural resources rents (% of GDP). Total natural resources rents are the sum of oil rents, natural gas rents, coal rents (hard and soft), mineral rents, and forest rents.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Gross savings > % of GNI: Gross savings are the difference between gross national income and public and private consumption, plus net current transfers."
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption > % of total: CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total). Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of petroleum-derived fuels as an energy source.
  • Natural gas rents > % of GDP: Natural gas rents (% of GDP). Natural gas rents are the difference between the value of natural gas production at world prices and total costs of production.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Mineral depletion > Current US$: Mineral depletion is equal to the product of unit resource rents and the physical quantities of minerals extracted. It refers to bauxite, copper, iron, lead, nickel, phosphate, tin, zinc, gold, and silver."
  • Climate change > GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF > Mt of CO2 equivalent: GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (Mt of CO2 equivalent). GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF refers to changes in atmospheric levels of all greenhouse gases attributable to forest and land-use change activities, including but not limited to (1) emissions and removals of CO2 from decreases or increases in biomass stocks due to forest management, logging, fuelwood collection, etc.; (2) conversion of existing forests and natural grasslands to other land uses; (3) removal of CO2 from the abandonment of formerly managed lands (e.g. croplands and pastures); and (4) emissions and removals of CO2 in soil associated with land-use change and management. For Annex-I countries under the UNFCCC, these data are drawn from the annual GHG inventories submitted to the UNFCCC by each country; for non-Annex-I countries, data are drawn from the most recently submitted National Communication where available. Because of differences in reporting years and methodologies, these data are not generally considered comparable across countries. Data are in million metric tons.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services > % of total fuel combustion: CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services (% of total fuel combustion). CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services contains all emissions from fuel combustion in households. This corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 4 b. Commercial and public services includes emissions from all activities of ISIC Divisions 41, 50-52, 55, 63-67, 70-75, 80, 85, 90-93 and 99.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total > % of total fuel combustion: CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total (% of total fuel combustion). CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production is the sum of three IEA categories of CO2 emissions: (1) Main Activity Producer Electricity and Heat which contains the sum of emissions from main activity producer electricity generation, combined heat and power generation and heat plants. Main activity producers (formerly known as public utilities) are defined as those undertakings whose primary activity is to supply the public. They may be publicly or privately owned. This corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 1 a. For the CO2 emissions from fuel combustion (summary) file, emissions from own on-site use of fuel in power plants (EPOWERPLT) are also included. (2) Unallocated Autoproducers which contains the emissions from the generation of electricity and/or heat by autoproducers. Autoproducers are defined as undertakings that generate electricity and/or heat, wholly or partly for their own use as an activity which supports their primary activity. They may be privately or publicly owned. In the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, these emissions would normally be distributed between industry, transport and "other" sectors. (3) Other Energy Industries contains emissions from fuel combusted in petroleum refineries, for the manufacture of solid fuels, coal mining, oil and gas extraction and other energy-producing industries. This corresponds to the IPCC Source/Sink Categories 1 A 1 b and 1 A 1 c. According to the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, emissions from coke inputs to blast furnaces can either be counted here or in the Industrial Processes source/sink category. Within detailed sectoral calculations, certain non-energy processes can be distinguished. In the reduction of iron in a blast furnace through the combustion of coke, the primary purpose of the coke oxidation is to produce pig iron and the emissions can be considered as an industrial process. Care must be taken not to double count these emissions in both Energy and Industrial Processes. In the IEA estimations, these emissions have been included in this category.
  • Adjusted net national income > Current US$, % of GDP: Adjusted net national income (current US$). Adjusted net national income is GNI minus consumption of fixed capital and natural resources depletion. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Known breeding bird species per million: Known breeding bird mammal species (1992-2002). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Adjusted net national income > Constant 2000 US$, % of GDP: Adjusted net national income (constant 2000 US$). Adjusted net national income is GNI minus consumption of fixed capital and natural resources depletion. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Pollution perceptions > Green space and parks dissatisfaction: Dissatisfaction with Green and Parks in the City. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with green and parks in the city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Biodiversity and protected areas > Marine protected areas > % of total surface area: Marine protected areas are areas of intertidal or subtidal terrain--and overlying water and associated flora and fauna and historical and cultural features--that have been reserved by law or other effective means to protect part or all of the enclosed environment.
  • CO2 Emissions: CO2: Total Emissions (excluding land-use) Units: thousand metric tonnes of carbon dioxide
  • Biodiversity and protected areas > Terrestrial protected areas > % of total surface area: Terrestrial protected areas are those officially documented by national authorities.
  • International agreements > Signed but not ratified: The various international environmental agreements which a country has signed but not ratified. Agreements are listed in alphabetical order by the abbreviated form of the full name.
  • Water pollution > Clay and glass industry > % of total BOD emissions: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: stone, ceramics, and glass (36). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Water pollution > Other industry > % of total BOD emissions: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: other (38 and 39). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Water pollution > Paper and pulp industry > % of total BOD emissions: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: paper and pulp (34). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Water pollution > Food industry > % of total BOD emissions: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: food and beverages (31). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Pollution perceptions > Green space and parks satisfaction: Quality of Green and Parks. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with green and parks in the city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Marine protected areas > % of territorial waters: Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters). Marine protected areas are areas of intertidal or subtidal terrain--and overlying water and associated flora and fauna and historical and cultural features--that have been reserved by law or other effective means to protect part or all of the enclosed environment.
  • Adjusted savings > Carbon dioxide damage > % of GNI: Carbon dioxide damage is estimated to be $20 per ton of carbon (the unit damage in 1995 U.S. dollars) times the number of tons of carbon emitted.
  • Adjusted savings > Particulate emission damage > % of GNI: Particulate emissions damage is calculated as the willingness to pay to avoid mortality attributable to particulate emissions.
  • Water pollution > Textile industry > % of total BOD emissions: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: textiles (32). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Water pollution > Chemical industry > % of total BOD emissions: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: chemicals (35). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Water pollution > Wood industry > % of total BOD emissions: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: wood (33). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Sanitation > Population with improved sanitation > Rural: Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities, rural.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from other sectors, excluding residential buildings and commercial and public services > % of total fuel combustion: CO2 emissions from other sectors, excluding residential buildings and commercial and public services (% of total fuel combustion). CO2 emissions from other sectors, less residential buildings and commercial and public services, contains the emissions from commercial/institutional activities, residential, agriculture/forestry, fishing and other emissions not specified elsewhere that are included in the IPCC Source/Sink Categories 1 A 4 and 1 A 5. In the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, the category also includes emissions from autoproducers in the commercial/residential/agricultural sectors that generate electricity and/or heat. The IEA data are not collected in a way that allows the energy consumption to be split by specific end-use and therefore, autoproducers are shown as a separate item (Unallocated Autoproducers).
  • Water > Proportion of marine area under protection: Marine areas protected to territorial waters, percentage.
  • Non-wildness: Percent of land area having very high anthropogenic impact
    Units: Percent of Land Area
    Units: Global grids for population (GPW), land use (USGS AVHRR based classification from EROS data center), VMAP roads, VMAP railways, VMAP coastlines, VMAP major rivers and the stable lights data were all scored for "wildness". The scores were aggregated and normalized.

  • Emissions > Other greenhouse gas emissions > HFC > PFC and SF6 > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent: Other greenhouse gas emissions are by-product emissions of hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride."
  • Marine areas under protection per million: Protected marine areas under IUCN management categories I - VI (1992-2003). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
STAT Pakistan United Kingdom HISTORY
Biodiversity > Bird species, threatened 29
Ranked 32nd. 7 times more than United Kingdom
4
Ranked 174th.
Biodiversity > Mammal species, threatened 24
Ranked 36th. 5 times more than United Kingdom
5
Ranked 148th.
Climate change > CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total > Million metric tons 40.2
Ranked 41st.
196.7
Ranked 12th. 5 times more than Pakistan

Current issues water pollution from raw sewage, industrial wastes, and agricultural runoff; limited natural fresh water resources; most of the population does not have access to potable water; deforestation; soil erosion; desertification continues to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (has met Kyoto Protocol target of a 12.5% reduction from 1990 levels and intends to meet the legally binding target and move toward a domestic goal of a 20% cut in emissions by 2010); by 2005 the government reduced the amount of industrial and commercial waste disposed of in landfill sites to 85% of 1998 levels and recycled or composted at least 25% of household waste, increasing to 33% by 2015
Ecological footprint 0.8
Ranked 49th.
4.7
Ranked 5th. 6 times more than Pakistan

Marine fish catch 431,873 tons
Ranked 29th.
711,809 tons
Ranked 18th. 65% more than Pakistan
Pollution perceptions > Air pollution 75.4
Ranked 9th. 3 times more than United Kingdom
29.68
Ranked 49th.
Pollution perceptions > Air quality 24.6
Ranked 51st.
70.32
Ranked 11th. 3 times more than Pakistan
Pollution perceptions > Drinking water pollution 64.5
Ranked 7th. 3 times more than United Kingdom
22.35
Ranked 47th.
Pollution perceptions > Drinking water quality 35.5
Ranked 53th.
77.65
Ranked 13th. 2 times more than Pakistan
Pollution perceptions > Pollution index 82.67
Ranked 10th. 2 times more than United Kingdom
34.29
Ranked 49th.
Pollution perceptions > Waste management dissatisfaction 76.02
Ranked 5th. Twice as much as United Kingdom
37.95
Ranked 39th.
Pollution perceptions > Water pollution 77.6
Ranked 5th. 3 times more than United Kingdom
27.23
Ranked 51st.
Proportion of land area under protection 10.75%
Ranked 127th.
27.91%
Ranked 36th. 3 times more than Pakistan

Transport CO2 emission index 5,123.33
Ranked 16th. 52% more than United Kingdom
3,369.84
Ranked 23th.
Climate change > CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total > Million metric tons per million 0.228
Ranked 107th.
3.13
Ranked 38th. 14 times more than Pakistan

Adjusted net national income > Current US$ $195.25 billion
Ranked 40th.
$2.10 trillion
Ranked 7th. 11 times more than Pakistan

Biodiversity > Fish species, threatened 34
Ranked 61st.
43
Ranked 45th. 26% more than Pakistan
Pollution perceptions > Clean water 22.4
Ranked 55th.
72.77
Ranked 9th. 3 times more than Pakistan
Pollution perceptions > Waste management satisfaction 23.98
Ranked 55th.
62.05
Ranked 21st. 3 times more than Pakistan
CO2 emissions > Kt 114,139.1 kt
Ranked 34th.
558,461 kt
Ranked 8th. 5 times more than Pakistan

Climate change > CO2 emissions > Metric tons per capita 0.932
Ranked 138th.
7.93
Ranked 39th. 9 times more than Pakistan

Total renewable water resources 233.8 cu km
Ranked 5th. 46% more than United Kingdom
160.6 cu km
Ranked 7th.
CO2 Emissions per 1000 0.695
Ranked 119th.
9.37
Ranked 25th. 13 times more than Pakistan
Climate change > CO2 emissions > Kt 161,395.67
Ranked 32nd.
493,504.86
Ranked 11th. 3 times more than Pakistan

CO2 emissions > Kt > Per capita 0.769 kt per 1,000 people
Ranked 139th.
9.37 kt per 1,000 people
Ranked 35th. 12 times more than Pakistan

Pollution > Climate change > Agrees climate change is caused by human activity 25%
Ranked 126th.
48%
Ranked 91st. 92% more than Pakistan
Water > Severe water stress 76.3
Ranked 24th. 4 times more than United Kingdom
21
Ranked 51st.
National parks > Number of parks 25
Ranked 12th. 67% more than United Kingdom
15
Ranked 10th.
Pollution perceptions > Dirty, untidy cities 65.82
Ranked 10th. 49% more than United Kingdom
44.25
Ranked 40th.
Pollution perceptions > Noise and light pollution 62.5
Ranked 12th. 44% more than United Kingdom
43.41
Ranked 41st.
Pollution perceptions > Urban discomfort from pollution 65.91
Ranked 12th. 3 times more than United Kingdom
21.04
Ranked 51st.
Forest area > Sq. km > Per capita 0.122 km² per 1,000 people
Ranked 182nd.
0.472 km² per 1,000 people
Ranked 163th. 4 times more than Pakistan

SO2 emissions per populated area 300 thousand metric tons/squ
Ranked 89th.
5,370 thousand metric tons/squ
Ranked 7th. 18 times more than Pakistan
Emissions > CO2 emissions > Kt 156,265.94
Ranked 28th.
539,175.92
Ranked 9th. 3 times more than Pakistan

Climate change > CO2 emissions > Kg per 2000 US$ of GDP $1.25
Ranked 31st. 6 times more than United Kingdom
$0.21
Ranked 165th.

Carbon efficiency 1.14 CO2 emissions/$ GDP
Ranked 70th.
1.17 CO2 emissions/$ GDP
Ranked 69th. 3% more than Pakistan
Pollution perceptions > Free of noise and light pollution 37.5
Ranked 48th.
56.59
Ranked 19th. 51% more than Pakistan
Adjusted net national income > Current US$ per capita $1,108.35
Ranked 112th.
$33,451.41
Ranked 17th. 30 times more than Pakistan

Pollution > Climate change > Climate change awareness 34%
Ranked 114th.
97%
Ranked 4th. 3 times more than Pakistan
Endangered species > Bird species 27
Ranked 31st. 14 times more than United Kingdom
2
Ranked 172nd.

Pollution perceptions > Urban comfort > Low pollution 34.09
Ranked 48th.
78.96
Ranked 9th. 2 times more than Pakistan
Pollution perceptions > Clean, tidy cities 34.18
Ranked 50th.
55.75
Ranked 20th. 63% more than Pakistan
Endangered species > Mammal species > Number 23
Ranked 37th. 5 times more than United Kingdom
5
Ranked 139th.
Biodiversity > Number 4.88
Ranked 53th. 37% more than United Kingdom
3.55
Ranked 65th.

Water > Availability 0.23 thousand cubic metres
Ranked 127th.
3.1 thousand cubic metres
Ranked 68th. 13 times more than Pakistan
Marine fish catch per 1000 3.07 tons
Ranked 72nd.
12.13 tons
Ranked 41st. 4 times more than Pakistan
Water > Percent of water resources used 74.35%
Ranked 1st. 8 times more than United Kingdom
8.84%
Ranked 55th.

Acidification 0.0
Ranked 90th.
45.75%
Ranked 10th.
Water > Drinking water > Population with improved drinking water sources > Urban and rural 91.43
Ranked 125th.
100
Ranked 14th. 9% more than Pakistan

Sanitation > Population with improved sanitation > Urban and rural 47.45
Ranked 148th.
100
Ranked 18th. 2 times more than Pakistan

Climate change > CO2 emissions > Kt per 1000 0.932
Ranked 138th.
7.93
Ranked 39th. 9 times more than Pakistan

NOx emissions per populated area 0.25 thousand metric tons/squ
Ranked 68th.
2.76 thousand metric tons/squ
Ranked 4th. 11 times more than Pakistan
Climate change > CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services > Million metric tons per million 0.0992
Ranked 92nd.
1.21
Ranked 13th. 12 times more than Pakistan

Pollution > PM10, country level > Micrograms per cubic meter 91.13
Ranked 10th. 7 times more than United Kingdom
12.78
Ranked 163th.

Water > Drinking water > Population with improved drinking water sources > Rural 88.98
Ranked 107th.
100
Ranked 14th. 12% more than Pakistan

Endangered species protection 78.3%
Ranked 55th.
100%
Ranked 16th. 28% more than Pakistan
CO2 emissions > Kt per 1000 0.749 kt
Ranked 135th.
9.38 kt
Ranked 31st. 13 times more than Pakistan

Known mammal species 188
Ranked 48th. 4 times more than United Kingdom
50
Ranked 134th.
Biodiversity > Plant species > Higher, threatened 4
Ranked 140th.
15
Ranked 91st. 4 times more than Pakistan
Biodiversity > GEF benefits index for biodiversity > 0 = no biodiversity potential to 100 = maximum 4.88
Ranked 54th. 38% more than United Kingdom
3.55
Ranked 66th.

Forest area > Sq. km 19,020 km²
Ranked 109th.
28,450 km²
Ranked 90th. 50% more than Pakistan

Sanitation > Population with improved sanitation > Urban 71.84
Ranked 140th.
100
Ranked 19th. 39% more than Pakistan

Threatened species 45
Ranked 41st. 3 times more than United Kingdom
17
Ranked 104th.
Emissions > CO2 emissions > Metric tons per capita 0.96
Ranked 130th.
8.84
Ranked 39th. 9 times more than Pakistan

Total renewable water resources per million 1.53 cu km
Ranked 15th.
2.67 cu km
Ranked 18th. 74% more than Pakistan
Pollution > Organic water pollutant > BOD emissions > Kg per day 153,680.3
Ranked 19th.
521,716.1
Ranked 9th. 3 times more than Pakistan

Wetlands of intl importance > Area 284 thousand hectares
Ranked 42nd.
855 thousand hectares
Ranked 17th. 3 times more than Pakistan
Proportion of land and marine area under protection 10.56%
Ranked 109th.
23.37%
Ranked 44th. 2 times more than Pakistan

Endangered species > Higher plant species > Number 2
Ranked 134th.
14
Ranked 79th. 7 times more than Pakistan

Climate change > CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services > Million metric tons 17.47
Ranked 26th.
75.86
Ranked 10th. 4 times more than Pakistan

Climate change > CO2 emissions from other sectors, excluding residential buildings and commercial and public services > Million metric tons 0.24
Ranked 94th.
4.54
Ranked 30th. 19 times more than Pakistan

Endangered species > Fish species > Number 22
Ranked 52nd.
34
Ranked 26th. 55% more than Pakistan
Climate change > Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent 1,036
Ranked 51st.
14,291
Ranked 11th. 14 times more than Pakistan

Freshwater > Renewable internal freshwater resources > Total > Billion cubic meters 55
Ranked 71st.
145
Ranked 46th. 3 times more than Pakistan

Freshwater > Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita > Cubic meters 331.1
Ranked 149th.
2,361.3
Ranked 92nd. 7 times more than Pakistan

Organic water pollutant > BOD emissions > Kg per day per worker 0.18 kg per day per worker
Ranked 44th. 50% more than United Kingdom
0.12 kg per day per worker
Ranked 31st.

Climate change > CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption > Kt 62,298.66
Ranked 31st.
174,897.57
Ranked 17th. 3 times more than Pakistan

Urban SO2 concentration 91.95 micrograms/m3
Ranked 32nd. 4 times more than United Kingdom
21.96 micrograms/m3
Ranked 102nd.
Protected area 4.8%
Ranked 81st.
20.5%
Ranked 11th. 4 times more than Pakistan
CO2 emissions > Kg per 2000 PPP $ of GDP 0.39 kg/PPP$
Ranked 63th. 15% more than United Kingdom
0.34 kg/PPP$
Ranked 77th.

Water > Dissolved oxygen concentration 7.11 mls/litre
Ranked 87th.
10.4 mls/litre
Ranked 14th. 46% more than Pakistan
Emissions > PM10 > Country level > Micrograms per cubic meter 120.26
Ranked 7th. 8 times more than United Kingdom
15.49
Ranked 154th.

Biosphere > Reserves area 66 thousand hectares
Ranked 71st. 2 times more than United Kingdom
30 thousand hectares
Ranked 79th.
Adjusted net national income > Constant 2000 US$ $102.95 billion
Ranked 23th.
$2.04 trillion
Ranked 5th. 20 times more than Pakistan
Adjusted net national income > Constant 2000 US$ per capita $616.42
Ranked 76th.
$33,876.64
Ranked 9th. 55 times more than Pakistan
Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change sign date June 13, 1992 June 12, 1992
Wildness 2.51%
Ranked 76th. 12 times more than United Kingdom
0.21%
Ranked 99th.
Water > Drinking water > Population with improved drinking water sources > Urban 95.75
Ranked 133th.
100
Ranked 20th. 4% more than Pakistan

Water > Drinking water > Population with improved sanitation > Rural 33.61
Ranked 141st.
100
Ranked 17th. 3 times more than Pakistan

Biodiversity and protected areas > Terrestrial protected areas > Number 151
Ranked 57th.
778
Ranked 27th. 5 times more than Pakistan
Biodiversity > GEF benefits index for biodiversity > 0 = no biodiversity potential to 100 = maximum per million 0.0292
Ranked 177th.
0.0578
Ranked 154th. 98% more than Pakistan

Climate change > CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption > Kt per 1000 0.36
Ranked 154th.
2.81
Ranked 58th. 8 times more than Pakistan

Climate change > CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption > Kt 66,695.4
Ranked 27th.
194,251.99
Ranked 7th. 3 times more than Pakistan

Pollution > Organic water pollutant > BOD emissions > Kg per day per worker 0.165
Ranked 34th.
0.167
Ranked 35th. 1% more than Pakistan

Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Total > Billion cubic meters 169.39
Ranked 5th. 18 times more than United Kingdom
9.54
Ranked 46th.

Areas under protection 83
Ranked 49th.
579
Ranked 18th. 7 times more than Pakistan
Threatened species > Mammal 13
Ranked 58th. 3 times more than United Kingdom
4
Ranked 136th.
Emissions > Methane emissions > Kt of CO2 equivalent 110,300
Ranked 10th. 3 times more than United Kingdom
39,400
Ranked 33th.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Net forest depletion > Current US$ $1.16 billion
Ranked 4th.
0.0
Ranked 121st.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Energy depletion > Current US$ $8.29 billion
Ranked 42nd.
$57.72 billion
Ranked 12th. 7 times more than Pakistan

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Net national savings > Current US$ $18.61 billion
Ranked 37th.
$31.06 billion
Ranked 29th. 67% more than Pakistan

Forest area > Sq. km per 1000 0.12 km²
Ranked 177th.
0.472 km²
Ranked 161st. 4 times more than Pakistan

Water > Salinisation 410.13
Ranked 94th. 11% more than United Kingdom
368.06
Ranked 101st.
Known mammal species per million 1.26
Ranked 138th. 49% more than United Kingdom
0.843
Ranked 141st.
Climate change > Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent per million 5.98
Ranked 90th.
229.5
Ranked 37th. 38 times more than Pakistan

Pollution > Carbon dioxide 1999 26,984
Ranked 34th.
147,199
Ranked 6th. 5 times more than Pakistan
Emissions > Nitrous oxide emissions > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent 80,040
Ranked 8th. 22% more than United Kingdom
65,480
Ranked 13th.

Biodiversity and protected areas > Marine protected areas > Number 5
Ranked 92nd.
149
Ranked 7th. 30 times more than Pakistan
Pollution > Climate change > Perceived as threat 24%
Ranked 113th.
69%
Ranked 20th. 3 times more than Pakistan
Marine areas under protection 2
Ranked 77th.
95
Ranked 3rd. 48 times more than Pakistan
Urban NO2 concentration 63.59 micrograms/m3
Ranked 35th.
64.47 micrograms/m3
Ranked 32nd. 1% more than Pakistan
PM10 > Country level > Micrograms per cubic meter 128 mcg/m³
Ranked 9th. 8 times more than United Kingdom
15.06 mcg/m³
Ranked 169th.

Water > Suspended solids 6.76 mls/litre
Ranked 22nd. 3 times more than United Kingdom
2.26 mls/litre
Ranked 137th.
Areas under protection per million 0.545
Ranked 126th.
9.72
Ranked 45th. 18 times more than Pakistan
Wetlands of intl importance > Area per million 1.9 thousand hectares
Ranked 86th.
14.41 thousand hectares
Ranked 55th. 8 times more than Pakistan
Known breeding bird species 237
Ranked 48th. 3% more than United Kingdom
229
Ranked 58th.
Fertiliser > Consumption 1,148.77 hundred grams/hectare
Ranked 46th.
3,325.35 hundred grams/hectare
Ranked 17th. 3 times more than Pakistan
Breeding birds threatened 4.53%
Ranked 39th. 5 times more than United Kingdom
0.87%
Ranked 119th.
Pollution > Carbon dioxide 1999 per 1000 0.192
Ranked 133th.
2.51
Ranked 26th. 13 times more than Pakistan
Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Industry > % of total freshwater withdrawal 2.05%
Ranked 111th.
75.37%
Ranked 5th. 37 times more than Pakistan

Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Domestic > % of total freshwater withdrawal 1.93%
Ranked 131st.
21.7%
Ranked 48th. 11 times more than Pakistan

Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Agriculture > % of total freshwater withdrawal 96.02%
Ranked 11th. 33 times more than United Kingdom
2.94%
Ranked 131st.

Climate change > CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption > % of total 41.32%
Ranked 26th. 5% more than United Kingdom
39.36%
Ranked 29th.

Oil rents > % of GDP 0.957%
Ranked 52nd.
1.23%
Ranked 50th. 28% more than Pakistan

Emissions > Industrial methane emissions > % of total 14.13%
Ranked 75th.
35.66%
Ranked 43th. 3 times more than Pakistan

Emissions > CO2 intensity > Kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use 1.88
Ranked 84th.
2.55
Ranked 47th. 36% more than Pakistan

Emissions > CO2 emissions > Kg per PPP $ of GDP $0.39
Ranked 47th. 56% more than United Kingdom
$0.25
Ranked 96th.

Emissions > CO2 emissions > Kg per 2005 PPP $ of GDP $0.41
Ranked 49th. 58% more than United Kingdom
$0.26
Ranked 99th.

Emissions > CO2 emissions > Kg per 2000 US$ of GDP $1.48
Ranked 33th. 5 times more than United Kingdom
$0.31
Ranked 155th.

Emissions > Agricultural nitrous oxide emissions > % of total 96.35%
Ranked 21st. 85% more than United Kingdom
52.2%
Ranked 114th.

Emissions > Agricultural methane emissions > % of total 66.34%
Ranked 28th. 31% more than United Kingdom
50.71%
Ranked 51st.

Climate change > CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption > Kt per 1000 0.385
Ranked 77th.
3.12
Ranked 21st. 8 times more than Pakistan

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Particulate emission damage > Current US$ $1.32 billion
Ranked 14th. 13 times more than United Kingdom
$99.83 million
Ranked 55th.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Particulate emission damage > % of GNI 0.79%
Ranked 17th.
0.0
Ranked 156th.

Climate change > CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption > Kt per 1000 0.101
Ranked 76th.
1.89
Ranked 32nd. 19 times more than Pakistan

Biosphere > Reserves area per million 0.441 thousand hectares
Ranked 84th.
0.506 thousand hectares
Ranked 83th. 15% more than Pakistan
Climate change > GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF > Mt of CO2 equivalent per million 0.0529
Ranked 23th.
-0.066
Ranked 7th.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Net national savings > % of GNI 11.08%
Ranked 62nd. 10 times more than United Kingdom
1.15%
Ranked 108th.

Climate change > CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption > Kt 17,440.25
Ranked 38th.
117,677.7
Ranked 16th. 7 times more than Pakistan

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Net forest depletion > % of GNI 0.69%
Ranked 24th.
0.0
Ranked 113th.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Carbon dioxide damage > % of GNI 0.66%
Ranked 29th. 4 times more than United Kingdom
0.16%
Ranked 139th.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted net savings > Including particulate emission damage > Current US$ $10.31 billion
Ranked 37th.
$105.29 billion
Ranked 10th. 10 times more than Pakistan

Adjusted savings > Adjusted net savings > Excluding particulate emission damage > Current US$ $11.63 billion
Ranked 37th.
$105.39 billion
Ranked 10th. 9 times more than Pakistan

Forest area > % of land area 2.47% of land area
Ranked 175th.
11.76% of land area
Ranked 142nd. 5 times more than Pakistan

Water pollution > Metal industry > % of total BOD emissions 11.57%
Ranked 22nd. 29% more than United Kingdom
8.97%
Ranked 7th.

Climate change > CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption > % of total 10.81%
Ranked 73th.
23.85%
Ranked 46th. 2 times more than Pakistan

Adjusted savings > Adjusted net savings > Excluding particulate emission damage > % of GNI 6.93%
Ranked 72nd. 77% more than United Kingdom
3.91%
Ranked 81st.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Energy depletion > % of GNI 4.94%
Ranked 40th. 2 times more than United Kingdom
2.14%
Ranked 49th.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted net savings > Including particulate emission damage > % of GNI 6.14%
Ranked 73th. 57% more than United Kingdom
3.9%
Ranked 78th.

Water > Phosphorus concentration 0.2 mls/litre
Ranked 99th. 2 times more than United Kingdom
0.09 mls/litre
Ranked 125th.
Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Mineral depletion > % of GNI 0.0
Ranked 115th.
0.0
Ranked 126th.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Consumption of fixed capital > Current US$ $13.83 billion
Ranked 48th.
$368.16 billion
Ranked 6th. 27 times more than Pakistan

Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Total > % of internal resources 307.98%
Ranked 9th. 47 times more than United Kingdom
6.58%
Ranked 74th.
Pollution > Water pollution, chemical industry > % of total BOD emissions 9.12%
Ranked 38th.
13.54%
Ranked 11th. 48% more than Pakistan

Pollution > Water pollution, clay and glass industry > % of total BOD emissions 4.34%
Ranked 40th. 22% more than United Kingdom
3.56%
Ranked 55th.

Pollution > Water pollution, metal industry > % of total BOD emissions 2.23%
Ranked 41st.
2.7%
Ranked 38th. 21% more than Pakistan

Pollution > Water pollution, food industry > % of total BOD emissions 15.06%
Ranked 44th. 1% more than United Kingdom
14.87%
Ranked 47th.

Pollution > Water pollution, other industry > % of total BOD emissions 11.25%
Ranked 56th.
46.14%
Ranked 18th. 4 times more than Pakistan

Pollution > Water pollution, paper and pulp industry > % of total BOD emissions 1.95%
Ranked 61st.
12.47%
Ranked 5th. 6 times more than Pakistan

Pollution > Water pollution, textile industry > % of total BOD emissions 55.63%
Ranked 5th. 13 times more than United Kingdom
4.26%
Ranked 59th.

Pollution > Water pollution, wood industry > % of total BOD emissions 0.431%
Ranked 58th.
2.47%
Ranked 40th. 6 times more than Pakistan

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Consumption of fixed capital > % of GNI 8.24%
Ranked 129th.
13.65%
Ranked 28th. 66% more than Pakistan

Total natural resources rents > % of GDP 3.8%
Ranked 81st. 2 times more than United Kingdom
1.53%
Ranked 110th.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Gross savings > % of GNI 19.32%
Ranked 74th. 31% more than United Kingdom
14.8%
Ranked 97th.

Climate change > CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption > % of total 38.6%
Ranked 153th. 9% more than United Kingdom
35.44%
Ranked 157th.

Natural gas rents > % of GDP 1.98%
Ranked 21st. 8 times more than United Kingdom
0.238%
Ranked 45th.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Mineral depletion > Current US$ $635,823.46
Ranked 81st.
0.0
Ranked 155th.

Climate change > GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF > Mt of CO2 equivalent 6.53
Ranked 14th.
-4.079
Ranked 17th.

Climate change > CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services > % of total fuel combustion 12.82%
Ranked 34th.
17.12%
Ranked 17th. 34% more than Pakistan

Climate change > CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total > % of total fuel combustion 29.5%
Ranked 97th.
44.4%
Ranked 50th. 51% more than Pakistan

Adjusted net national income > Current US$, % of GDP 92.65%
Ranked 10th. 8% more than United Kingdom
85.86%
Ranked 54th.

Known breeding bird species per million 1.58
Ranked 142nd.
3.86
Ranked 131st. 2 times more than Pakistan
Adjusted net national income > Constant 2000 US$, % of GDP 62.81%
Ranked 45th.
88.86%
Ranked 29th. 41% more than Pakistan
Pollution perceptions > Green space and parks dissatisfaction 50.51
Ranked 19th. 2 times more than United Kingdom
22.57
Ranked 53th.
Biodiversity and protected areas > Marine protected areas > % of total surface area 1.07%
Ranked 75th.
4.56%
Ranked 38th. 4 times more than Pakistan
CO2 Emissions 105,983
Ranked 32nd.
558,225
Ranked 7th. 5 times more than Pakistan
Biodiversity and protected areas > Terrestrial protected areas > % of total surface area 8.96%
Ranked 105th.
22.35%
Ranked 37th. 2 times more than Pakistan
International agreements > Signed but not ratified Marine Life Conservation none of the selected agreements
Water pollution > Clay and glass industry > % of total BOD emissions 0.16%
Ranked 59th.
0.26%
Ranked 18th. 63% more than Pakistan

Water pollution > Other industry > % of total BOD emissions 2.31%
Ranked 65th.
15.38%
Ranked 2nd. 7 times more than Pakistan

Water pollution > Paper and pulp industry > % of total BOD emissions 6.97%
Ranked 83th.
48.03%
Ranked 2nd. 7 times more than Pakistan

Water pollution > Food industry > % of total BOD emissions 39.9%
Ranked 72nd. 65 times more than United Kingdom
0.61%
Ranked 33th.

Pollution perceptions > Green space and parks satisfaction 49.49
Ranked 41st.
77.43
Ranked 7th. 56% more than Pakistan
Marine protected areas > % of territorial waters 30.28%
Ranked 19th. 66% more than United Kingdom
18.21%
Ranked 28th.

Adjusted savings > Carbon dioxide damage > % of GNI 0.81% of GNI
Ranked 39th. 5 times more than United Kingdom
0.18% of GNI
Ranked 141st.

Adjusted savings > Particulate emission damage > % of GNI 1.46% of GNI
Ranked 7th. 49 times more than United Kingdom
0.03% of GNI
Ranked 151st.

Water pollution > Textile industry > % of total BOD emissions 30.33%
Ranked 10th. 6 times more than United Kingdom
5.24%
Ranked 26th.

Water pollution > Chemical industry > % of total BOD emissions 8.43%
Ranked 43th.
17.52%
Ranked 2nd. 2 times more than Pakistan

Water pollution > Wood industry > % of total BOD emissions 0.32%
Ranked 92nd.
4%
Ranked 9th. 13 times more than Pakistan

Sanitation > Population with improved sanitation > Rural 33.61%
Ranked 141st.
100%
Ranked 17th. 3 times more than Pakistan

Climate change > CO2 emissions from other sectors, excluding residential buildings and commercial and public services > % of total fuel combustion 0.176%
Ranked 112th.
1.02%
Ranked 97th. 6 times more than Pakistan

Water > Proportion of marine area under protection 5.85%
Ranked 69th.
16.61%
Ranked 35th. 3 times more than Pakistan

Non-wildness 4.23%
Ranked 56th.
32.05%
Ranked 5th. 8 times more than Pakistan
Emissions > Other greenhouse gas emissions > HFC > PFC and SF6 > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent 620
Ranked 48th.
14,030
Ranked 10th. 23 times more than Pakistan

Marine areas under protection per million 0.0131
Ranked 95th.
1.59
Ranked 22nd. 122 times more than Pakistan

SOURCES: United Nations Environmental Program and the World Conservation Monitoring Centre; United Nations Environmental Program and the World Conservation Monitoring Centre; International Energy Agency; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), Living Planet Report 2000, Gland, Switzerland: 2000, and Redefining Progress.; FAOSTAT on-line database; pollution; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; traffic; International Energy Agency. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; The Changing Wealth of Nations: Measuring Sustainable Development in the New Millennium; Froese, R. and Pauly, D. (eds). 2008. FishBase database, www.fishbase.org.; World Development Indicators database; Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; World Resources Institute. 2003. Carbon Emissions from energy use and cement manufacturing, 1850 to 2000. Available on-line through the Climate Analysis Indicators Tool (CAIT) at Washington, DC: World Resources Institute. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: Climate change opinion by country; Center for Environmental Systems Research, University of Kassel, WaterGap 2.1, 2000 via ciesin.org; Wikipedia: List of national parks (Africa); Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change: Special Report on Emissions Scenarios, Data Version 1.1, B1Illustrative Marker Scenario with model IMAGE; Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center; The Changing Wealth of Nations: Measuring Sustainable Development in the New Millennium. 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Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Gregg Marland, Tom Boden, and Bob Andres, University of North Dakota, via net publication; International Energy Agency (IEA Statistics \xA9 OECD/IEA, http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp).; United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), Global Environmental Monitoring System/Water Quality Monitoring System, with data for an additional 29 countries from Prescott-Allen, R. The Well being of Nations, Washington, DC: Island Press, 2001; World Bank, World Development Indicators 2001. Washington, DC: World Bank, 2001. via ciesin.org; 2000 IUCN Red List, and World Resources Institute,World Resources 2000-2001, Washington, DC: WRI, 2000. 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"Environment: Pakistan and United Kingdom compared", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/compare/Pakistan/United-Kingdom/Environment

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