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Health > Heart disease deaths: Countries Compared

Author: chris.lockyer781

Author: chris.lockyer781

Cardiovascular disease is a group of conditions that affect the heart and the blood vessels. In adults, atherosclerosis or buildup of fatty plaques in the arteries is the most common cause of cardiovascular disease. The major risk factors for atherosclerosis and cardiovascular diseases include smoking, hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, and high blood sugar. Physical inactivity, advancing age and family history also increase the risk for this disease. Women have a slightly lower risk of cardiovascular disease than men, but the risk rises shortly after menopause.

Annually, there are more people who die from cardiovascular diseases than from any cause. Deaths in low and middle income nations account for 80% of these. This is attributed to higher tobacco use, limited primary prevention programs and poor health care services in these countries.

Compared to higher income countries, those who die from CVDs in lower income countries are younger. In developing countries, as much as 46.7% of CVD deaths occur below the age of 70 years, compared to 26.5% in developed countries.

Cardiovascular disease has a huge impact on the economy of both developing and developed nations. In the United States, the annual spending for this disease is estimated at $444 billion. As its population ages, a greater economic impact is expected. In developing countries, cardiovascular disease was shown to decrease the annual GDP by up to 6.7%, due to deaths of people in the workforce.

Lifestyle changes such as smoking cessation, salt reduction, eating a healthy diet and regular exercise have been shown to decrease the risk of cardiovascular disease. Prevention of comorbidities such as hypertension, diabetes and dyslipidemia also lower its risk. In countries where CVD has declined, it was observed that reduction in risk factors such as smoking decreases CVD mortality by 40%, while treatment including medications for dyslipidemia decreases it by 60%.

Citations:

1) Epidemiology of Cardiovascular Disease. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK45688/

2) Reddy KS, Yusuf S. Emerging epidemic of cardiovascular disease in developing countries. Circulation. 1998; 97: 596-601.

3) CDC: Heart Disease and stroke Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/chronicdisease/resources/publications/aag/dhdsp.htm

4) WHO: Cardiovascular disease. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs317/en/

DEFINITION: Heart disease deaths per 100000 population (1995-1998).

CONTENTS

# COUNTRY AMOUNT DATE GRAPH
1 SlovakiaSlovakia 216 per 100,000 people 1998
2 HungaryHungary 192.1 per 100,000 people 1998
3 IrelandIreland 152.6 per 100,000 people 1998
4 Czech RepublicCzech Republic 148.6 per 100,000 people 1998
5 FinlandFinland 143.8 per 100,000 people 1998
6 New ZealandNew Zealand 127.3 per 100,000 people 1998
7 United KingdomUnited Kingdom 122 per 100,000 people 1998
8 IcelandIceland 115.4 per 100,000 people 1998
9 NorwayNorway 112.5 per 100,000 people 1998
10 AustraliaAustralia 110.9 per 100,000 people 1998
11 SwedenSweden 110.1 per 100,000 people 1998
12 AustriaAustria 109.3 per 100,000 people 1998
13 United StatesUnited States 106.5 per 100,000 people 1998
14 GermanyGermany 106.1 per 100,000 people 1998
15 DenmarkDenmark 105.4 per 100,000 people 1998
High income OECD countries averageHigh income OECD countries average 99.38 per 100,000 people 1998
16 CanadaCanada 94.9 per 100,000 people 1998
17 PolandPoland 80.9 per 100,000 people 1998
Group of 7 countries (G7) averageGroup of 7 countries (G7) average 80.64 per 100,000 people 1998
18 NetherlandsNetherlands 75.1 per 100,000 people 1998
19 LuxembourgLuxembourg 68.9 per 100,000 people 1998
20 GreeceGreece 68.8 per 100,000 people 1998
21 ItalyItaly 65.2 per 100,000 people 1998
22 BelgiumBelgium 64.6 per 100,000 people 1998
23 PortugalPortugal 55.9 per 100,000 people 1998
24 SpainSpain 53.8 per 100,000 people 1998
25 FranceFrance 39.8 per 100,000 people 1998
26 JapanJapan 30 per 100,000 people 1998

Citation

"All countries compared for Health > Heart disease deaths", World Health Organization. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/Health/Heart-disease-deaths

Health > Heart disease deaths: Countries Compared Map

NationMaster

3

Cardiovascular disease is a group of conditions that affect the heart and the blood vessels. In adults, atherosclerosis or buildup of fatty plaques in the arteries is the most common cause of cardiovascular disease. The major risk factors for atherosclerosis and cardiovascular diseases include smoking, hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, and high blood sugar. Physical inactivity, advancing age and family history also increase the risk for this disease. Women have a slightly lower risk of cardiovascular disease than men, but the risk rises shortly after menopause.

Annually, there are more people who die from cardiovascular diseases than from any cause. Deaths in low and middle income nations account for 80% of these. This is attributed to higher tobacco use, limited primary prevention programs and poor health care services in these countries.

Compared to higher income countries, those who die from CVDs in lower income countries are younger. In developing countries, as much as 46.7% of CVD deaths occur below the age of 70 years, compared to 26.5% in developed countries.

Cardiovascular disease has a huge impact on the economy of both developing and developed nations. In the United States, the annual spending for this disease is estimated at $444 billion. As its population ages, a greater economic impact is expected. In developing countries, cardiovascular disease was shown to decrease the annual GDP by up to 6.7%, due to deaths of people in the workforce.

Lifestyle changes such as smoking cessation, salt reduction, eating a healthy diet and regular exercise have been shown to decrease the risk of cardiovascular disease. Prevention of comorbidities such as hypertension, diabetes and dyslipidemia also lower its risk. In countries where CVD has declined, it was observed that reduction in risk factors such as smoking decreases CVD mortality by 40%, while treatment including medications for dyslipidemia decreases it by 60%.

Citations:

1) Epidemiology of Cardiovascular Disease. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK45688/

2) Reddy KS, Yusuf S. Emerging epidemic of cardiovascular disease in developing countries. Circulation. 1998; 97: 596-601.

3) CDC: Heart Disease and stroke Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/chronicdisease/resources/publications/aag/dhdsp.htm

4) WHO: Cardiovascular disease. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs317/en/

Posted on 09 Apr 2014

chris.lockyer781

chris.lockyer781

378

0

Small amounts of THC, the active ingredient in marijuana, slowed the hardening of arteries in mice, according to a study in the latest issue of the journal Nature.

The mice in the study were fed a high-cholesterol diet for 11 weeks. Halfway through that period, some of the mice started receiving very small daily doses of THC. The mice that got THC had less blood vessel clogging than those that didn't.

The benefit came from THC’s effect on immune system cells. It reduced their secretion of an inflammation-promoting substance by binding to proteins called CB2 receptors, which are found mostly on immune-system cells. Related work showed that there was no additional benefit from receiving higher THC doses, like those a person would get from smoking marijuana.

In humans, hardening of the arteries and their inflammation sets the stage for heart attacks.

Posted on 08 Apr 2005

Ian Graham <br>Staff Editor

Ian Graham <br>Staff Editor

0

About China.

A study from 2007 (Cardiovascular diseases in China - Liu, Lisheng, 2007) pegged stroke at 40%. With an overall death rate of 703 per 100,000 (wikipedia: Demographics of the People's Republic of China), that amounts to about 280 per 100,000. I do not have chinese data about other heart diseases at hand.

So: China = 280 + some extra

Posted on 12 Jan 2012

Henk Poley

Henk Poley

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