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Health > Teenage pregnancy: Countries Compared

Author: Luke.Metcalfe

Author: Luke.Metcalfe

Teenage pregnancy is a problem that plagues both developed and developing countries.

The rate of teen pregnancy in the United States has decreased by 25% from 2007 to 2011, but they still have the highest rate among developed countries. Among these nations, The US also has the highest rates of teenage abortions and sexually transmitted diseases. It was noted that in half of the estimated 400,000 annual teen pregnancies, no method of birth control was used. The rate of these pregnancies is higher in families with lower education and income. Disparities in race and ethnicity is noted, as the rate of teen pregnancy in Hispanic teens and non-Hispanic blacks were two times higher than in non-Hispanic white teens.

The burden of teen pregnancy is much higher in developing nations, which is estimated at 7.3 million per year as of 2013. Of these, 2 million were teenagers below 14 years of age. In third world nations, the causes of teen pregnancy include poverty, customs and traditions, and lack of education.

Early pregnancy poses a risk both to the mother and to the newborn. In developing nations, up to 70,000 adolescents die of pregnancy and childbirth complications per year. Compared to babies born to mothers above 20 years of age, babies born to teenagers have 50% higher death rates. They are also more likely to have low birth weights, which makes them prone to long term health risks. The incidence of abortion, HIV and AIDS also rise in proportion to the rate of teen pregnancies.

Teenage pregnancy also has a significant economic impact both to developed and developing nations. Because these teen mothers cannot join the workforce, estimated annual losses to the economy are significant. In Kenya, Brazil and India, the figures are at $ 3.4B, $3.5B and $7.7B respectively. In the US, teenage pregnancy costs $11B of taxpayers’ money annually. Only half of these adolescents are able to complete high school education by 22 years old.

Citations:

1) WHO: Adolescent pregnancy. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs364/en/

2) WHO http://www.who.int/maternalchildadolescent/topics/maternal/adolescent_pregnancy/en/

3) US Department of Health and Human Services http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs364/en/

4) US Center for Disease Control http://www.cdc.gov/features/dsteenpregnancy/

DEFINITION: Number of births to women aged below twenty. Data for 1998..

CONTENTS

# COUNTRY AMOUNT DATE GRAPH
1 United StatesUnited States 494,357 births 1998
Group of 7 countries (G7) averageGroup of 7 countries (G7) average 98,319.33 births 1998
2 PolandPoland 30,413 births 1998
3 GermanyGermany 29,000 births 1998
High income OECD countries averageHigh income OECD countries average 27,622.68 births 1998
4 CanadaCanada 19,920 births 1998
5 FranceFrance 17,985 births 1998
6 JapanJapan 17,501 births 1998
7 AustraliaAustralia 11,849 births 1998
8 SpainSpain 11,264 births 1998
9 ItalyItaly 11,153 births 1998
10 HungaryHungary 9,175 births 1998
11 PortugalPortugal 7,403 births 1998
12 SlovakiaSlovakia 6,044 births 1998
13 Czech RepublicCzech Republic 6,035 births 1998
14 GreeceGreece 4,183 births 1998
15 New ZealandNew Zealand 3,924 births 1998
16 AustriaAustria 3,275 births 1998
17 IrelandIreland 3,138 births 1998
18 BelgiumBelgium 2,975 births 1998
19 NetherlandsNetherlands 2,823 births 1998
20 NorwayNorway 1,607 births 1998
21 SwedenSweden 1,605 births 1998
22 FinlandFinland 1,485 births 1998
23 DenmarkDenmark 1,161 births 1998
24 SwitzerlandSwitzerland 1,092 births 1998
25 IcelandIceland 264 births 1998
26 LuxembourgLuxembourg 111 births 1998

Citation

"All countries compared for Health > Teenage pregnancy", UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/Health/Teenage-pregnancy

Health > Teenage pregnancy: Countries Compared Map

NationMaster

5

Teenage pregnancy is a problem that plagues both developed and developing countries.

The rate of teen pregnancy in the United States has decreased by 25% from 2007 to 2011, but they still have the highest rate among developed countries. Among these nations, The US also has the highest rates of teenage abortions and sexually transmitted diseases. It was noted that in half of the estimated 400,000 annual teen pregnancies, no method of birth control was used. The rate of these pregnancies is higher in families with lower education and income. Disparities in race and ethnicity is noted, as the rate of teen pregnancy in Hispanic teens and non-Hispanic blacks were two times higher than in non-Hispanic white teens.

The burden of teen pregnancy is much higher in developing nations, which is estimated at 7.3 million per year as of 2013. Of these, 2 million were teenagers below 14 years of age. In third world nations, the causes of teen pregnancy include poverty, customs and traditions, and lack of education.

Early pregnancy poses a risk both to the mother and to the newborn. In developing nations, up to 70,000 adolescents die of pregnancy and childbirth complications per year. Compared to babies born to mothers above 20 years of age, babies born to teenagers have 50% higher death rates. They are also more likely to have low birth weights, which makes them prone to long term health risks. The incidence of abortion, HIV and AIDS also rise in proportion to the rate of teen pregnancies.

Teenage pregnancy also has a significant economic impact both to developed and developing nations. Because these teen mothers cannot join the workforce, estimated annual losses to the economy are significant. In Kenya, Brazil and India, the figures are at $ 3.4B, $3.5B and $7.7B respectively. In the US, teenage pregnancy costs $11B of taxpayers’ money annually. Only half of these adolescents are able to complete high school education by 22 years old.

Citations:

1) WHO: Adolescent pregnancy. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs364/en/

2) WHO http://www.who.int/maternalchildadolescent/topics/maternal/adolescent_pregnancy/en/

3) US Department of Health and Human Services http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs364/en/

4) US Center for Disease Control http://www.cdc.gov/features/dsteenpregnancy/

Posted on 09 Apr 2014

Luke.Metcalfe

Luke.Metcalfe

131

0

Steven i always found it strange ppl in uk think their country have high teen pregnancy rates.Here is newer stats : http://www.tiptoptens.com/2012/01/06/top-10-countries-with-highest-rate-of-teenage-pregnancies-in-2012/

Posted on 25 Jan 2013

luca

luca

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