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Labor Stats: compare key data on Austria & Ukraine

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Definitions

  • Employment rate > Adults: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Expense > Current LCU: Expense (current LCU). Expense is cash payments for operating activities of the government in providing goods and services. It includes compensation of employees (such as wages and salaries), interest and subsidies, grants, social benefits, and other expenses such as rent and dividends.
  • GNI > Current US$: GNI (current US$). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • GNI > Current US$ per capita: GNI (current US$). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Hours worked > Standard workweek: Standard workweek (hours).
  • Labor force: The total labor force figure
  • Labor force > By occupation: Component parts of the labor force by occupation.
  • Labor force > By occupation > Agriculture: This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by occupation. The distribution will total less than 100 percent if the data are incomplete.
  • Labor force > By occupation > Industry: This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by occupation. The distribution will total less than 100 percent if the data are incomplete.
  • Labor force > By occupation > Services: This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by occupation. The distribution will total less than 100 percent if the data are incomplete.
  • Labor force per 1000: The total labor force figure. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Labor force, total: Labor force, total. Total labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector.
  • Rigidity of employment index: The rigidity of employment index measures the regulation of employment, specifically the hiring and firing of workers and the rigidity of working hours. This index is the average of three subindexes: a difficulty of hiring index, a rigidity of hours index, and a difficulty of firing index. The index ranges from 0 to 100, with higher values indicating more rigid regulations.
  • Salaries and benefits > Minimum wage: Minimum wage.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Unemployment rate: The percent of the labor force that is without jobs. Substantial underemployment might be noted.
  • Male retirement age: Men.

    Denmark had range specified: 65-67

    Finland had range specified: 62-68

    Netherlands had range specified: 65-67

    Sweden had range specified: 61-67

    United States had range specified: 62-67

  • Female retirement age: Women.

    China had range specified: 50-55

    Czech Republic had range specified: 59-63

    Denmark had range specified: 65-67

    Finland had range specified: 62-68

    Greece had range specified: 60-67

    Netherlands had range specified: 65-67

    Sweden had range specified: 61-67

    United States had range specified: 62-67

  • Labor force, total per 1000: Labor force, total. Total labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Both sexes: Percentage of unemployed people out of total population able to work. Workers not able to work due to labor disputes, sickness and childcare do not count towards the percentage. 
  • Firing cost > Weeks of wages: Firing cost is the cost of advance notice requirements, severance payments, and penalties due when terminating a redundant worker, expressed in weekly wages. One month is recorded as 4 1/3 weeks.
  • GNI per capita > Constant LCU: GNI per capita (constant LCU). GNI per capita is gross national income divided by midyear population. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in constant local currency.
  • Expense > Current LCU per capita: Expense (current LCU). Expense is cash payments for operating activities of the government in providing goods and services. It includes compensation of employees (such as wages and salaries), interest and subsidies, grants, social benefits, and other expenses such as rent and dividends. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Employment rate > Women: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Labor force > Total: Total labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organisation definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector."
  • Employment rate > Men: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men: Employment-to-population ratio, men, percentage.
  • Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Men: Percentage of unemployed men out of total male population able to work. Men not able to work due to labor disputes, sickness and childcare do not count towards the percentage.
  • Compensation of employees > Current LCU: Compensation of employees consists of all payments in cash, as well as in kind (such as food and housing), to employees in return for services rendered, and government contributions to social insurance schemes such as social security and pensions that provide benefits to employees.
  • Force > Total: Total labor force comprises people who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector.
  • Force > Total > Per capita: Total labor force comprises people who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Female decision makers: Female legislators, senior officials and managers (as % of total). Data refer to the latest year available during the period 1991-2000. Those for countries that have implemented the recent International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO-88) are not strictly comparable with those for countries using the previous classification (ISCO-68).
  • Employment > Percent of population are employees > Women: Number of female self-reported employees (formal or informal), expressed as a percentage of the total female employed population.
  • Unemployment > Youth unemployment, both sexes: Percentage of population aged 15-24 that is unemployed. 
  • GNI > Current LCU: GNI (current LCU). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current local currency.
  • Female economic activity: Female economic activity rate (aged 15 and above) in 2000.
  • Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Women: Percentage of unemployed women out of total female population able to work. Women not able to work due to labor disputes, sickness and childcare do not count towards the percentage.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women: Employment-to-population ratio, women, percentage.
  • Labor force > Per capita: The total labor force figure Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 30-34: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Employment rate > Young adults: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Female professionals: Female professional and technical workers (as % of total)
  • Net income from abroad > Current US$: Net income from abroad (current US$). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ per capita: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Rigidity of employment index > 0=less rigid to 100=more rigid: The rigidity of employment index measures the regulation of employment, specifically the hiring and firing of workers and the rigidity of working hours. This index is the average of three subindexes: a difficulty of hiring index, a rigidity of hours index, and a difficulty of firing index. The index ranges from 0 to 100, with higher values indicating more rigid regulations."
  • Employment > Percent of population are employees > Men: Number of male self-reported employees (formal or informal), expressed as a percentage of the total male employed population.
  • Female economic activity growth: The % change in the female economic activity rate (aged 15 and above) from 1990 to 2000.
  • Employment rate > Young women: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Employment rate > Young men: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ > Per capita: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 65 plus: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • GDP per person employed > Constant 1990 PPP $: GDP per person employed is gross domestic product (GDP) divided by total employment in the economy. Purchasing power parity (PPP) GDP is GDP converted to 1990 constant international dollars using PPP rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GDP that a U.S. dollar has in the United States.
  • GNI > Constant LCU per capita: GNI (constant LCU). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in constant local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • GNI > Constant LCU: GNI (constant LCU). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in constant local currency.
  • GNI per capita > Constant 2000 US$: GNI per capita (constant 2000 US$). GNI per capita is gross national income divided by midyear population. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars.
  • Employment > Percent of population are employers > Women: Number of female self-reported employers (self-employed with paid employees), expressed as a percentage of the total female employed population.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women aged above 14: Employment-to-population ratio.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men aged above 14: Employment-to-population ratio.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women aged 15 to 24: Employment-to-population ratio.
  • Unemployment > Youth unemployment, male: Percentage of male population aged 15-24 that is unemployed. 
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 45-49: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration.
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ > Per $ GDP: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Employment > Percent of population are employers > Men: Number of male self-reported employers (self-employed with paid employees), expressed as a percentage of the total male employed population.
  • Economic activity > Men aged 20-24: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Men aged 35-39: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Men aged 15-19: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 15-19: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 40-44: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Minimum Age Convention > 1973 > Ratifications > Minimum age: years
  • Employment in agriculture > % of total employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Agriculture corresponds to division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and includes hunting, forestry, and fishing."
  • Employment in services > % of total employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Services correspond to divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G-P (ISIC revision 3) and include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal services."
  • Labor participation rate > Total > % of total population ages 15+: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > % of total unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with primary education > Male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with secondary education > Female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with primary education > Female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > Female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
  • Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Workers' remittances > Receipts > BoP > Current US$ per capita: Workers' remittances are current transfers by migrants who are employed or intend to remain employed for more than a year in another economy in which they are considered residents. Some developing countries classify workers' remittances as a factor income receipt (and thus as a component of GNI). The World Bank adheres to international guidelines in defining GNI, and its classification of workers' remittances may therefore differ from national practices. This item shows receipts by the reporting country. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Net income from abroad > Current US$, % of GDP: Net income from abroad (current US$). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • GNI growth > Annual %: GNI growth (annual %). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad.
  • GNI per capita > Current LCU: GNI per capita (current LCU). GNI per capita is gross national income divided by midyear population. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current local currency.
  • Unemployment, youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24: Unemployment, youth female (% of female labor force ages 15-24). Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Long-term unemployment, male > % of male unemployment: Long-term unemployment, male (% of male unemployment). Long-term unemployment refers to the number of people with continuous periods of unemployment extending for a year or longer, expressed as a percentage of the total unemployed.
  • Unemployment, female > % of female labor force: Unemployment, female (% of female labor force). Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Economic activity > Men aged 65 plus: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Men aged 25-29: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Compensation of employees > % of expense: Compensation of employees consists of all payments in cash, as well as in kind (such as food and housing), to employees in return for services rendered, and government contributions to social insurance schemes such as social security and pensions that provide benefits to employees.
  • Unemployment > Total > % of total labor force: Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment with tertiary education > % of total unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Economic activity > Women aged 20-24: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 65 plus: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Unemployment with tertiary education > Male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 60-64: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Net income from abroad > Current US$ per million: Net income from abroad (current US$). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Net income from abroad > Current LCU: Net income from abroad (current LCU). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current local currency.
  • Unemployment > Female > % of female labor force: Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment with secondary education > Female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Force participation rate > Female > % of female population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-64 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Unemployment > Youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 40-44: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 50-54: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 55-59: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Unemployment with secondary education > Male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ > Per capita: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Employers, male > % of employment: Employers, male (% of employment). Employers refers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs" i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced), and, in this capacity, have engaged, on a continuous basis, one or more persons to work for them as employee(s).
  • Economic activity > Men aged 30-34: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Unemployment > Unemployed youths per unemployed adult > Women > Aged 15 to 24: Ratio of youth unemployment rate to adult unemployment rate.
  • Unemployment > Unemployed youths per unemployed adult > Men > Aged 15 to 24: Ratio of youth unemployment rate to adult unemployment rate.
  • GNI > Current LCU per capita: GNI (current LCU). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Subsidies and other transfers > % of expense: Subsidies and other transfers (% of expense). Subsidies, grants, and other social benefits include all unrequited, nonrepayable transfers on current account to private and public enterprises; grants to foreign governments, international organizations, and other government units; and social security, social assistance benefits, and employer social benefits in cash and in kind.
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ > Per $ GDP: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 50-54: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Men aged 55-59: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Men aged 60-64: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 25-29: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 55-59: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ per capita: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Force participation rate > Total > % of total population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-64 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Employers, female > % of employment: Employers, female (% of employment). Employers refers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs" i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced), and, in this capacity, have engaged, on a continuous basis, one or more persons to work for them as employee(s).
  • Employers, total > % of employment: Employers, total (% of employment). Employers refers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs" i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced), and, in this capacity, have engaged, on a continuous basis, one or more persons to work for them as employee(s).
  • Self-employed, female > % of females employed: Self-employed, female (% of females employed). Self employed workers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners or in cooperative, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs" (i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced). Self employed workers include three subcategories: employers, own-account workers, and members of producers' cooperatives.
  • Self-employed, male > % of males employed: Self-employed, male (% of males employed). Self employed workers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners or in cooperative, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs" (i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced). Self employed workers include three subcategories: employers, own-account workers, and members of producers' cooperatives.
  • Self-employed, total > % of total employed: Self-employed, total (% of total employed). Self employed workers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners or in cooperative, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs" (i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced). Self employed workers include three subcategories: employers, own-account workers, and members of producers' cooperatives.
  • Employment to population ratio, 15+, male > %: Employment to population ratio, 15+, male (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Vulnerable employment, total > % of total employment: Vulnerable employment, total (% of total employment). Vulnerable employment is unpaid family workers and own-account workers as a percentage of total employment.
  • Force participation rate > Male > % of male population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-64 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Wage and salaried workers, total > % of total employed: Wage and salaried workers, total (% of total employed). Wage and salaried workers (employees) are those workers who hold the type of jobs defined as "paid employment jobs," where the incumbents hold explicit (written or oral) or implicit employment contracts that give them a basic remuneration that is not directly dependent upon the revenue of the unit for which they work.
  • Unemployment, youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24: Unemployment, youth male (% of male labor force ages 15-24). Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment, youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24: Unemployment, youth total (% of total labor force ages 15-24). Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Long-term unemployment, female > % of female unemployment: Long-term unemployment, female (% of female unemployment). Long-term unemployment refers to the number of people with continuous periods of unemployment extending for a year or longer, expressed as a percentage of the total unemployed.
  • Force > Total per 1000: Total labor force comprises people who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men aged 15 to 24: Employment-to-population ratio.
  • Unemployment > Male > % of male labor force: Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment > Youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 35-39: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 60-64: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 35-39: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Unemployment > Youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Force > Female > % of total labor force: Female labor force as a percentage of the total show the extent to which women are active in the labor force. Labor force comprises all people who meet the International Labour Organization's definition of the economically active population.
  • Unemployment with tertiary education > Female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > Male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 20-24: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 25-29: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 30-34: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Employment in industry > % of total employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Industry corresponds to divisions 2-5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C-F (ISIC revision 3) and includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, and public utilities (electricity, gas, and water)."
  • Personal remittances, received > % of GDP: Personal remittances, received (% of GDP). Personal remittances comprise personal transfers and compensation of employees. Personal transfers consist of all current transfers in cash or in kind made or received by resident households to or from nonresident households. Personal transfers thus include all current transfers between resident and nonresident individuals. Compensation of employees refers to the income of border, seasonal, and other short-term workers who are employed in an economy where they are not resident and of residents employed by nonresident entities. Data are the sum of two items defined in the sixth edition of the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual: personal transfers and compensation of employees.
  • Net income from abroad > Current LCU per million: Net income from abroad (current LCU). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current local currency. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Workers' remittances > Receipts > BoP > Current US$: Workers' remittances are current transfers by migrants who are employed or intend to remain employed for more than a year in another economy in which they are considered residents. Some developing countries classify workers' remittances as a factor income receipt (and thus as a component of GNI). The World Bank adheres to international guidelines in defining GNI, and its classification of workers' remittances may therefore differ from national practices. This item shows receipts by the reporting country. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration.
  • Unemployment > Unemployment > Total > % of total labor force: Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Labor force > Female > % of total labor force: Female labor force as a percentage of the total show the extent to which women are active in the labor force. Labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organisation's definition of the economically active population.
  • Share of women employed in the nonagricultural sector > % of total nonagricultural employment: Share of women employed in the nonagricultural sector is the share of female workers in the nonagricultural sector (industry and services), expressed as a percentage of total employment in the nonagricultural sector. Industry includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, electricity, gas, and water, corresponding to divisions 2-5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C-F (ISIC revision 3). Services include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal services-corresponding to divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G-P (ISIC revision 3)."
  • Economic activity > Women aged 15-19: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Unemployment > Youth unemployment, female: Percentage of female population aged 15-24 that is unemployed.
  • GNI > Current US$, % of GDP: GNI (current US$). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Expense > % of GDP: Expense (% of GDP). Expense is cash payments for operating activities of the government in providing goods and services. It includes compensation of employees (such as wages and salaries), interest and subsidies, grants, social benefits, and other expenses such as rent and dividends.
  • Economic activity > Men aged 40-44: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Men aged 45-49: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Men aged 50-54: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Workers' remittances > Receipts > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita: Workers' remittances are current transfers by migrants who are employed or intend to remain employed for more than a year in another economy in which they are considered residents. Some developing countries classify workers' remittances as a factor income receipt (and thus as a component of GNI). The World Bank adheres to international guidelines in defining GNI, and its classification of workers' remittances may therefore differ from national practices. This item shows receipts by the reporting country. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Workers' remittances > Receipts > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Workers' remittances are current transfers by migrants who are employed or intend to remain employed for more than a year in another economy in which they are considered residents. Some developing countries classify workers' remittances as a factor income receipt (and thus as a component of GNI). The World Bank adheres to international guidelines in defining GNI, and its classification of workers' remittances may therefore differ from national practices. This item shows receipts by the reporting country. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 million $ gross domestic product.
  • Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, male > %: Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, male (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Employment to population ratio, 15+, female > %: Employment to population ratio, 15+, female (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Economic activity > Women aged 45-49: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, total > %: Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, total (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Employment to population ratio, 15+, total > %: Employment to population ratio, 15+, total (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Vulnerable employment, female > % of female employment: Vulnerable employment, female (% of female employment). Vulnerable employment is unpaid family workers and own-account workers as a percentage of total employment.
  • Vulnerable employment, male > % of male employment: Vulnerable employment, male (% of male employment). Vulnerable employment is unpaid family workers and own-account workers as a percentage of total employment.
  • Wage and salaried workers, female > % of females employed: Wage and salaried workers, female (% of females employed). Wage and salaried workers (employees) are those workers who hold the type of jobs defined as "paid employment jobs," where the incumbents hold explicit (written or oral) or implicit employment contracts that give them a basic remuneration that is not directly dependent upon the revenue of the unit for which they work.
  • Wage and salary workers, male > % of males employed: Wage and salary workers, male (% of males employed). Wage and salaried workers (employees) are those workers who hold the type of jobs defined as "paid employment jobs," where the incumbents hold explicit (written or oral) or implicit employment contracts that give them a basic remuneration that is not directly dependent upon the revenue of the unit for which they work.
  • Contributing family workers, female > % of females employed: Contributing family workers, female (% of females employed). Contributing family workers are those workers who hold u2018self-employment jobsu2019 as own-account workers in a market-oriented establishment operated by a related person living in the same household.
  • Contributing family workers, male > % of males employed: Contributing family workers, male (% of males employed). Contributing family workers are those workers who hold "self-employment jobs" as own-account workers in a market-oriented establishment operated by a related person living in the same household.
  • Contributing family workers, total > % of total employed: Contributing family workers, total (% of total employed). Contributing family workers are those workers who hold "self-employment jobs" as own-account workers in a market-oriented establishment operated by a related person living in the same household.
  • Unemployment, male > % of male labor force: Unemployment, male (% of male labor force). Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment, total > % of total labor force: Unemployment, total (% of total labor force). Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Labor force with secondary education > Male > % of male labor force: Labor force with secondary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a secondary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Labor force with primary education > Female > % of female labor force: Labor force with primary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a primary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Labor force with primary education > % of total: Labor force with primary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a primary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Labor force with secondary education > % of total: Labor force with secondary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a secondary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Labor force with primary education > Male > % of male labor force: Labor force with primary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a primary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Labor force with secondary education > Female > % of female labor force: Labor force with secondary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a secondary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Labor force with tertiary education > % of total: Labor force with tertiary education is the proportion of labor force that has a tertiary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
STAT Austria Ukraine HISTORY
Employment rate > Adults 54.5
Ranked 106th. 2% more than Ukraine
53.5
Ranked 116th.

Expense > Current LCU 115.91 billion
Ranked 62nd.
497.53 billion
Ranked 43th. 4 times more than Austria

GNI > Current US$ $392.27 billion
Ranked 26th. 2 times more than Ukraine
$173.34 billion
Ranked 49th.

GNI > Current US$ per capita $46,354.48
Ranked 13th. 12 times more than Ukraine
$3,801.97
Ranked 99th.

Hours worked > Standard workweek 40 hours
Ranked 102nd. The same as Ukraine
40 hours
Ranked 110th.
Labor force 3.7 million
Ranked 76th.
22.06 million
Ranked 26th. 6 times more than Austria

Labor force > By occupation agriculture and forestry 4%, industry and crafts 29%, services 67% agriculture 24%, industry 32%, services 44%
Labor force > By occupation > Agriculture 5.5%
Ranked 10th.
15.8%
Ranked 14th. 3 times more than Austria

Labor force > By occupation > Industry 27.5%
Ranked 7th. 49% more than Ukraine
18.5%
Ranked 18th.

Labor force > By occupation > Services 67%
Ranked 6th. 2% more than Ukraine
65.7%
Ranked 9th.

Labor force per 1000 441.01
Ranked 68th.
480.92
Ranked 45th. 9% more than Austria

Labor force, total 4.41 million
Ranked 89th.
23.13 million
Ranked 29th. 5 times more than Austria

Rigidity of employment index 37
Ranked 82nd.
55
Ranked 33th. 49% more than Austria

Salaries and benefits > Minimum wage None; instead, nationwide collective bargaining agreements set minimum wages by job classification for each industry and provide for a minimum wage of \u20ac 1,000 per month\u2014Wages where no such collective agreements exist, such as for domestic workers, janitorial staff, and au pairs, are regulated in pertinent law and are generally lower than those covered by collective bargaining. 7.30 Ukrainian hryven' per hour or 1218 Ukrainian hryven' per month.
Unemployment rate 4.5%
Ranked 79th.
8.4%
Ranked 37th. 87% more than Austria

Male retirement age 65
Ranked 14th. 8% more than Ukraine
60
Ranked 30th.
Female retirement age 60
Ranked 22nd. 9% more than Ukraine
55
Ranked 30th.
Labor force, total per 1000 520.61
Ranked 33th. 3% more than Ukraine
507.2
Ranked 49th.

Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Both sexes 58.7%
Ranked 32nd.
59.2%
Ranked 26th. 1% more than Austria

Firing cost > Weeks of wages 56.3 weeks of wages
Ranked 54th. 4 times more than Ukraine
13 weeks of wages
Ranked 142nd.

GNI per capita > Constant LCU 31,896.56
Ranked 56th. 4 times more than Ukraine
7,339.68
Ranked 84th.

Expense > Current LCU per capita 13,760.51
Ranked 55th. 26% more than Ukraine
10,885.35
Ranked 62nd.

Employment rate > Women 47.3
Ranked 79th.
48.3
Ranked 76th. 2% more than Austria

Labor force > Total 4.29 million
Ranked 80th.
23.09 million
Ranked 24th. 5 times more than Austria

Employment rate > Men 62.5
Ranked 123th. 4% more than Ukraine
60
Ranked 134th.

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men 65.3%
Ranked 33th. 1% more than Ukraine
64.4%
Ranked 37th.

Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Men 65.3%
Ranked 33th. 1% more than Ukraine
64.4%
Ranked 37th.

Compensation of employees > Current LCU 12297490000 20417200000
Force > Total 3.98 million
Ranked 83th.
22.32 million
Ranked 27th. 6 times more than Austria

Force > Total > Per capita 0.483 per capita
Ranked 52nd. 2% more than Ukraine
0.474 per capita
Ranked 64th.

Female decision makers 28%
Ranked 32nd.
36%
Ranked 14th. 29% more than Austria
Employment > Percent of population are employees > Women 89.1%
Ranked 24th. 11% more than Ukraine
80.6%
Ranked 37th.

Unemployment > Youth unemployment, both sexes 8.3%
Ranked 63th.
18.6%
Ranked 34th. 2 times more than Austria

GNI > Current LCU 305.11 billion
Ranked 106th.
1.39 trillion
Ranked 79th. 5 times more than Austria

Female economic activity 43.9%
Ranked 109th.
55.6%
Ranked 72nd. 27% more than Austria
Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Women 52.5%
Ranked 25th.
54.5%
Ranked 21st. 4% more than Austria

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women 52.5%
Ranked 25th.
54.5%
Ranked 21st. 4% more than Austria

Labor force > Per capita 434.89 per 1,000 people
Ranked 91st.
466.09 per 1,000 people
Ranked 61st. 7% more than Austria

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 30-34 83.71%
Ranked 85th.
95.56%
Ranked 8th. 14% more than Austria
Employment rate > Young adults 52.8
Ranked 38th. 54% more than Ukraine
34.3
Ranked 114th.

Female professionals 49%
Ranked 40th.
63%
Ranked 6th. 29% more than Austria
Net income from abroad > Current US$ $-2,435,572,126.51
Ranked 121st.
$-2,965,000,000.00
Ranked 126th. 22% more than Austria

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ per capita 309.07$
Ranked 12th. 428 times more than Ukraine
0.722$
Ranked 128th.

Rigidity of employment index > 0=less rigid to 100=more rigid 24
Ranked 87th.
31
Ranked 71st. 29% more than Austria

Employment > Percent of population are employees > Men 84.8%
Ranked 13th. 2% more than Ukraine
82.9%
Ranked 19th.

Female economic activity growth 2%
Ranked 81st.
-2%
Ranked 135th.
Employment rate > Young women 47.7
Ranked 37th. 56% more than Ukraine
30.5
Ranked 91st.

Employment rate > Young men 57.7
Ranked 42nd. 52% more than Ukraine
37.9
Ranked 122nd.

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ > Per capita 308,867.65$ per 1,000 people
Ranked 14th. 428 times more than Ukraine
722.25$ per 1,000 people
Ranked 130th.

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 65 plus 1.26%
Ranked 161st.
5.27%
Ranked 147th. 4 times more than Austria
GDP per person employed > Constant 1990 PPP $ $48,121.00
Ranked 13th. 4 times more than Ukraine
$11,134.00
Ranked 77th.

GNI > Constant LCU per capita 31,896.56
Ranked 56th. 4 times more than Ukraine
7,339.68
Ranked 84th.

GNI > Constant LCU 269.92 billion
Ranked 70th.
334.64 billion
Ranked 65th. 24% more than Austria

GNI per capita > Constant 2000 US$ $39,666.41
Ranked 9th. 19 times more than Ukraine
$2,055.01
Ranked 70th.

Employment > Percent of population are employers > Women 2.4%
Ranked 29th.
18.9%
Ranked 1st. 8 times more than Austria

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women aged above 14 47.9%
Ranked 88th. 3% more than Ukraine
46.4%
Ranked 96th.

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men aged above 14 62.7%
Ranked 136th. 6% more than Ukraine
59.3%
Ranked 146th.

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women aged 15 to 24 44.3%
Ranked 45th. 47% more than Ukraine
30.2%
Ranked 100th.

Unemployment > Youth unemployment, male 7.9%
Ranked 62nd.
18.6%
Ranked 33th. 2 times more than Austria

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 45-49 80.2%
Ranked 92nd.
93.98%
Ranked 10th. 17% more than Austria
Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ 2.54 billion$
Ranked 18th. 75 times more than Ukraine
34 million$
Ranked 96th.

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ > Per $ GDP 8.31$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 52nd. 20 times more than Ukraine
0.41$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 128th.

Employment > Percent of population are employers > Men 6.6%
Ranked 29th.
16.6%
Ranked 5th. 3 times more than Austria

Economic activity > Men aged 20-24 73.3%
Ranked 161st.
78.27%
Ranked 140th. 7% more than Austria
Economic activity > Men aged 35-39 97.75%
Ranked 66th. The same as Ukraine
97.66%
Ranked 78th.
Economic activity > Men aged 15-19 44.3%
Ranked 84th. 83% more than Ukraine
24.18%
Ranked 146th.
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 15-19 41.71%
Ranked 69th. 78% more than Ukraine
23.42%
Ranked 138th.
Economic activity > Women aged 40-44 70.59%
Ranked 84th.
94.92%
Ranked 3rd. 34% more than Austria
Minimum Age Convention > 1973 > Ratifications > Minimum age 15
Ranked 55th.
16
Ranked 15th. 7% more than Austria
Employment in agriculture > % of total employment 5.6%
Ranked 10th.
16.7%
Ranked 16th. 3 times more than Austria

Employment in services > % of total employment 68.3%
Ranked 11th. 15% more than Ukraine
59.4%
Ranked 49th.

Labor participation rate > Total > % of total population ages 15+ 60.7%
Ranked 118th. 5% more than Ukraine
58%
Ranked 136th.

Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > % of total unemployment 10%
Ranked 53th.
39.3%
Ranked 7th. 4 times more than Austria

Unemployment > Unemployment with primary education > Male > % of male unemployment 36.3%
Ranked 35th. 3 times more than Ukraine
11%
Ranked 65th.

Unemployment > Unemployment with secondary education > Female > % of female unemployment 50.4%
Ranked 20th. 5% more than Ukraine
48.2%
Ranked 25th.

Unemployment > Unemployment with primary education > Female > % of female unemployment 39.5%
Ranked 21st. 7 times more than Ukraine
5.7%
Ranked 65th.

Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > Female > % of female unemployment 10.1%
Ranked 54th.
46.2%
Ranked 6th. 5 times more than Austria

Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24 8.2%
Ranked 31st.
14.4%
Ranked 47th. 76% more than Austria

Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24 8%
Ranked 29th.
14.9%
Ranked 47th. 86% more than Austria

Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24 7.9%
Ranked 32nd.
15.2%
Ranked 37th. 92% more than Austria

Workers' remittances > Receipts > BoP > Current US$ per capita 97.44 BoP $
Ranked 29th. 19 times more than Ukraine
5.01 BoP $
Ranked 74th.

Net income from abroad > Current US$, % of GDP -0.609%
Ranked 49th.
-1.682%
Ranked 71st. 3 times more than Austria

GNI growth > Annual % 0.935%
Ranked 79th. 4% more than Ukraine
0.903%
Ranked 80th.

GNI per capita > Current LCU 36,054.52
Ranked 102nd. 19% more than Ukraine
30,381.63
Ranked 111th.

Unemployment, youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24 8.7%
Ranked 64th.
16.1%
Ranked 47th. 85% more than Austria

Long-term unemployment, male > % of male unemployment 1.1%
Ranked 45th.
2.3%
Ranked 31st. 2 times more than Austria

Unemployment, female > % of female labor force 4.3%
Ranked 70th.
6.4%
Ranked 56th. 49% more than Austria

Economic activity > Men aged 65 plus 1.94%
Ranked 159th.
9.13%
Ranked 141st. 5 times more than Austria
Economic activity > Men aged 25-29 88.91%
Ranked 163th.
94.75%
Ranked 103th. 7% more than Austria
Compensation of employees > % of expense 11.87%
Ranked 61st.
12.83%
Ranked 56th. 8% more than Austria

Unemployment > Total > % of total labor force 4.9%
Ranked 59th.
8.6%
Ranked 32nd. 76% more than Austria

Unemployment with tertiary education > % of total unemployment 7%
Ranked 55th.
32.2%
Ranked 4th. 5 times more than Austria

Economic activity > Women aged 20-24 71.49%
Ranked 55th.
76.64%
Ranked 32nd. 7% more than Austria
Economic activity > Women aged 65 plus 0.84%
Ranked 159th.
3.34%
Ranked 135th. 4 times more than Austria
Unemployment with tertiary education > Male > % of male unemployment 6.5%
Ranked 47th.
28.4%
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than Austria

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 60-64 7.6%
Ranked 165th.
19.31%
Ranked 154th. 3 times more than Austria
Net income from abroad > Current US$ per million $-287,809,473.35
Ranked 124th. 4 times more than Ukraine
$-65,031,484.89
Ranked 77th.

Net income from abroad > Current LCU -1,894,388,000
Ranked 69th.
-23,693,402,009.525
Ranked 104th. 13 times more than Austria

Unemployment > Female > % of female labor force 5.4%
Ranked 59th.
8.3%
Ranked 44th. 54% more than Austria

Unemployment with secondary education > Female > % of female unemployment 56.6%
Ranked 16th. 9% more than Ukraine
51.8%
Ranked 16th.

Force participation rate > Female > % of female population ages 15-64 63.77%
Ranked 61st. 1% more than Ukraine
62.91%
Ranked 66th.

Unemployment > Youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24 9.8%
Ranked 46th.
16.9%
Ranked 39th. 72% more than Austria

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 40-44 83.57%
Ranked 86th.
96.01%
Ranked 3rd. 15% more than Austria
Economic activity > Women aged 50-54 56.83%
Ranked 91st.
85.05%
Ranked 13th. 50% more than Austria
Economic activity > Women aged 55-59 23.16%
Ranked 138th.
28.19%
Ranked 121st. 22% more than Austria
Unemployment with secondary education > Male > % of male unemployment 54.5%
Ranked 19th.
56.5%
Ranked 13th. 4% more than Austria

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ > Per capita 357.21$ per capita
Ranked 12th. 28 times more than Ukraine
12.64$ per capita
Ranked 118th.

Employers, male > % of employment 6.7%
Ranked 14th. 5 times more than Ukraine
1.3%
Ranked 58th.

Economic activity > Men aged 30-34 96.51%
Ranked 126th.
97.67%
Ranked 50th. 1% more than Austria
Unemployment > Unemployed youths per unemployed adult > Women > Aged 15 to 24 2.1 ratio
Ranked 52nd.
2.5 ratio
Ranked 35th. 19% more than Austria

Unemployment > Unemployed youths per unemployed adult > Men > Aged 15 to 24 2.7
Ranked 38th. 8% more than Ukraine
2.5
Ranked 44th.

GNI > Current LCU per capita 36,054.52
Ranked 102nd. 19% more than Ukraine
30,381.63
Ranked 111th.

Subsidies and other transfers > % of expense 69.59%
Ranked 13th. 3% more than Ukraine
67.69%
Ranked 18th.

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ > Per $ GDP 9.61$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 89th. 34% more than Ukraine
7.18$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 97th.

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 50-54 73.36%
Ranked 97th.
87.16%
Ranked 23th. 19% more than Austria
Economic activity > Men aged 55-59 59.52%
Ranked 158th.
76.82%
Ranked 136th. 29% more than Austria
Economic activity > Men aged 60-64 11.48%
Ranked 164th.
27.69%
Ranked 151st. 2 times more than Austria
Economic activity > Women aged 25-29 72.31%
Ranked 73th.
88.04%
Ranked 19th. 22% more than Austria
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 55-59 40.87%
Ranked 158th.
49.64%
Ranked 143th. 21% more than Austria
Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ per capita 357.45$
Ranked 11th. 28 times more than Ukraine
12.63$
Ranked 117th.

Force participation rate > Total > % of total population ages 15-64 70.64%
Ranked 84th. 5% more than Ukraine
67.43%
Ranked 111th.

Employers, female > % of employment 2.5%
Ranked 21st. 3 times more than Ukraine
0.8%
Ranked 58th.

Employers, total > % of employment 4.7%
Ranked 19th. 5 times more than Ukraine
1%
Ranked 60th.

Self-employed, female > % of females employed 10.7%
Ranked 43th.
19.5%
Ranked 27th. 82% more than Austria

Self-employed, male > % of males employed 15.5%
Ranked 51st.
18.1%
Ranked 46th. 17% more than Austria

Self-employed, total > % of total employed 13.3%
Ranked 53th.
18.8%
Ranked 35th. 41% more than Austria

Employment to population ratio, 15+, male > % 64.8%
Ranked 116th. 6% more than Ukraine
61.2%
Ranked 136th.

Vulnerable employment, total > % of total employment 8.6%
Ranked 51st.
17.8%
Ranked 30th. 2 times more than Austria

Force participation rate > Male > % of male population ages 15-64 77.37%
Ranked 132nd. 7% more than Ukraine
72.43%
Ranked 166th.

Wage and salaried workers, total > % of total employed 86.7%
Ranked 15th. 7% more than Ukraine
81.2%
Ranked 33th.

Unemployment, youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24 8.8%
Ranked 68th.
18.1%
Ranked 37th. 2 times more than Austria

Unemployment, youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24 8.7%
Ranked 68th.
17.3%
Ranked 46th. 99% more than Austria

Long-term unemployment, female > % of female unemployment 1%
Ranked 45th.
1.9%
Ranked 33th. 90% more than Austria

Force > Total per 1000 483.64
Ranked 50th. 2% more than Ukraine
473.94
Ranked 62nd.

Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention > Ratifications > Date November 10, 1951 September 14, 1956
Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men aged 15 to 24 54.6%
Ranked 66th. 49% more than Ukraine
36.6%
Ranked 133th.

Unemployment > Male > % of male labor force 4.5%
Ranked 64th.
8.9%
Ranked 27th. 98% more than Austria

Unemployment > Youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24 10.7%
Ranked 46th.
16.2%
Ranked 39th. 51% more than Austria

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 35-39 84.8%
Ranked 83th.
96.32%
Ranked 6th. 14% more than Austria
Economic activity > Women aged 60-64 4.06%
Ranked 161st.
13.09%
Ranked 132nd. 3 times more than Austria
Economic activity > Women aged 35-39 70.31%
Ranked 86th.
95.04%
Ranked 5th. 35% more than Austria
Unemployment > Youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24 10.3%
Ranked 44th.
16.6%
Ranked 38th. 61% more than Austria

Force > Female > % of total labor force 44.61%
Ranked 64th.
49.07%
Ranked 13th. 10% more than Austria

Unemployment with tertiary education > Female > % of female unemployment 7.4%
Ranked 51st.
36.4%
Ranked 3rd. 5 times more than Austria

Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > Male > % of male unemployment 9.8%
Ranked 48th.
33.5%
Ranked 8th. 3 times more than Austria

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 20-24 72.44%
Ranked 92nd.
77.46%
Ranked 55th. 7% more than Austria
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 25-29 81.02%
Ranked 90th.
91.43%
Ranked 20th. 13% more than Austria
Economic activity > Women aged 30-34 69.43%
Ranked 87th.
93.48%
Ranked 8th. 35% more than Austria
Employment in industry > % of total employment 26%
Ranked 14th. 9% more than Ukraine
23.9%
Ranked 33th.

Personal remittances, received > % of GDP 0.698%
Ranked 93th.
4.79%
Ranked 40th. 7 times more than Austria

Net income from abroad > Current LCU per million -223,858,208.371
Ranked 57th.
-519,668,504.134
Ranked 75th. 2 times more than Austria

Workers' remittances > Receipts > BoP > Current US$ 801.74 million BoP $
Ranked 38th. 3 times more than Ukraine
236 million BoP $
Ranked 53th.

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ 2.94 billion$
Ranked 25th. 5 times more than Ukraine
595 million$
Ranked 72nd.

Unemployment > Unemployment > Total > % of total labor force 3.8%
Ranked 58th.
6.4%
Ranked 33th. 68% more than Austria

Labor force > Female > % of total labor force 45.52%
Ranked 64th.
48.87%
Ranked 22nd. 7% more than Austria

Share of women employed in the nonagricultural sector > % of total nonagricultural employment 46.3%
Ranked 40th.
54.7%
Ranked 2nd. 18% more than Austria

Economic activity > Women aged 15-19 38.93%
Ranked 55th. 72% more than Ukraine
22.63%
Ranked 120th.
Minimum Age Convention > 1973 > Ratifications > Date September 18, 2000 May 3, 1979
Unemployment > Youth unemployment, female 8.8%
Ranked 59th.
18.7%
Ranked 37th. 2 times more than Austria

GNI > Current US$, % of GDP 98.15%
Ranked 79th.
98.32%
Ranked 75th. About the same as Austria

Expense > % of GDP 38.74%
Ranked 22nd. 1% more than Ukraine
38.21%
Ranked 23th.

Economic activity > Men aged 40-44 95.54%
Ranked 138th.
97.17%
Ranked 75th. 2% more than Austria
Economic activity > Men aged 45-49 95.17%
Ranked 108th.
95.36%
Ranked 104th. About the same as Austria
Economic activity > Men aged 50-54 89.88%
Ranked 124th. About the same as Ukraine
89.64%
Ranked 127th.
Workers' remittances > Receipts > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita 97,377.77 BoP $ per 1,000 people
Ranked 29th. 19 times more than Ukraine
5,013.24 BoP $ per 1,000 people
Ranked 75th.

Workers' remittances > Receipts > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP 2.62 BoP $ per $1 million of
Ranked 64th.
2.85 BoP $ per $1 million of
Ranked 63th. 9% more than Austria

Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, male > % 58.7%
Ranked 29th. 52% more than Ukraine
38.5%
Ranked 107th.

Employment to population ratio, 15+, female > % 52.2%
Ranked 65th. 6% more than Ukraine
49.1%
Ranked 82nd.

Economic activity > Women aged 45-49 64.81%
Ranked 89th.
92.74%
Ranked 7th. 43% more than Austria
Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, total > % 54.6%
Ranked 30th. 59% more than Ukraine
34.4%
Ranked 99th.

Employment to population ratio, 15+, total > % 58.3%
Ranked 91st. 7% more than Ukraine
54.6%
Ranked 113th.

Vulnerable employment, female > % of female employment 8.3%
Ranked 41st.
18.7%
Ranked 24th. 2 times more than Austria

Vulnerable employment, male > % of male employment 8.8%
Ranked 51st.
16.8%
Ranked 33th. 91% more than Austria

Wage and salaried workers, female > % of females employed 89.2%
Ranked 24th. 11% more than Ukraine
80.5%
Ranked 40th.

Wage and salary workers, male > % of males employed 84.5%
Ranked 14th. 3% more than Ukraine
81.9%
Ranked 20th.

Contributing family workers, female > % of females employed 2.1%
Ranked 30th. 7 times more than Ukraine
0.3%
Ranked 57th.

Contributing family workers, male > % of males employed 1.8%
Ranked 23th. 4 times more than Ukraine
0.4%
Ranked 46th.

Contributing family workers, total > % of total employed 2%
Ranked 29th. 5 times more than Ukraine
0.4%
Ranked 57th.

Unemployment, male > % of male labor force 4.3%
Ranked 65th.
8.5%
Ranked 33th. 98% more than Austria

Unemployment, total > % of total labor force 4.3%
Ranked 70th.
7.5%
Ranked 44th. 74% more than Austria

Labor force with secondary education > Male > % of male labor force 64.1%
Ranked 8th. 32% more than Ukraine
48.5%
Ranked 19th.

Labor force with primary education > Female > % of female labor force 22.4%
Ranked 28th. 2 times more than Ukraine
11%
Ranked 40th.

Labor force with primary education > % of total 18.9%
Ranked 36th. 62% more than Ukraine
11.7%
Ranked 41st.

Labor force with secondary education > % of total 62.8%
Ranked 8th. 46% more than Ukraine
43.1%
Ranked 26th.

Labor force with primary education > Male > % of male labor force 15.9%
Ranked 42nd. 28% more than Ukraine
12.4%
Ranked 41st.

Labor force with secondary education > Female > % of female labor force 61.3%
Ranked 5th. 64% more than Ukraine
37.3%
Ranked 31st.

Labor force with tertiary education > % of total 17.7%
Ranked 41st.
45.2%
Ranked 4th. 3 times more than Austria

SOURCES: International Labour Organisation, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.; International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators.; World Bank national accounts data; World Bank national accounts data. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: List of minimum wages by country (Countries) ("Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2013" . State.gov . Retrieved 2014-03-04 .); CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.; World Development Indicators database; Wikipedia: List of minimum wages by country (Countries); Wikipedia: Retirement age (Retirement age); International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Labour Organisation, using World Bank population estimates.; United Nations Statistics Division Original html; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; calculated on the basis of occupational data from ILO (International Labour Organization). 2002. Laboursta Database. February 2002; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; calculated on the basis of data on the economically active population and total population from ILO (International Labour Organization). 2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division Original html; Economic activity rate and economically active population, by sex, thirteen age groups, 1950-2010 (ILO estimates and projections) are data from the International Labour Union (ILO). Source details: ILO, Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, fourth edition, diskette database (Geneva, 1997). The latest set of estimates and projections covering the period 1950-2010 (4th edition) was released by ILO in December 1996. These data are updated every five-ten years by ILO and a new set of these data is in preparation; World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Wikipedia: Minimum Age Convention, 1973; World Bank national accounts data. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.; ILO Key Indicators of the Labour Market (KILM).; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Wikipedia: Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention, 1949; World Bank staff estimates; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files, and World Bank and OECD GDP estimates. World Bank World Development Indicators.

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