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People Stats: compare key data on Austria & Ukraine

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Definitions

  • Age distribution > Median age: The median age of the country's residents. This is the age most people are in the country.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14: Percentage of total population aged 0-14.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total: Number of people aged 0-14.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 15-24.
  • Age distribution > Total dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant persons out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant person is a person aged 0-14 and those over 65 years old.
  • Birth rate: The average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population.
  • Death rate: The average annual number of deaths during a year per 1,000 population at midyear; also known as crude death rate. The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining fertility results in an aging population.
  • Ethnic groups: This entry provides a rank ordering of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population.
  • Gender > Female population: Total female population.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces per thousand people: Total number of divorces in given year by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Mother's mean age at first birth: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.
  • Population: Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Population > Population growth, past and future: Population growth rate (percentage).
  • Population growth: Percentage by which country's population either has increased or is estimated to increase. Countries with a decrease in population are signified by a negative percentage. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Population growth rate: The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure (e.g., schools, hospitals, housing, roads), resources (e.g., food, water, electricity), and jobs. Rapid population growth can be seen as threatening by neighboring countries.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total: Number of people aged 15-24.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 60 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total: Number of people aged 15-64.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total: Number of people aged 0-4.
  • Obesity > Adult obesity rate: This entry gives the percent of a country's population considered to be obese. Obesity is defined as an adult having a Body Mass Index (BMI) greater to or equal to 30.0. BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight in kg and dividing it by the person's squared height in meters.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59: Percentage of total pouplation aged 15-59.
  • Population in 2015: (Thousands) Medium-variant projections.
  • Urban and rural > Population living in cities proper: Each city population by sex, city and city type.
  • Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Death rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude death rate indicates the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Total fertility rate: The average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their child-bearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population growth in the country. High rates will also place some limits on the labor force participation rates for women. Large numbers of children born to women indicate large family sizes that might limit the ability of the families to feed and educate their children.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 65 and older.
  • Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population: Age dependency ratio is the ratio of dependents--people younger than 15 or older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. For example, 0.7 means there are 7 dependents for every 10 working-age people.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Gender > Male population: Total male population.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total: Number of people aged 60 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64: Percentage of total population aged 15-64.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest."
  • Nationality > Noun: The noun which identifies citizens of the nation
  • Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant adults out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant adult is an adult aged 65 and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 0-4.
  • Physicians density: This entry gives the number of medical doctors (physicians), including generalist and specialist medical practitioners, per 1,000 of the population. Medical doctors are defined as doctors that study, diagnose, treat, and prevent illness, disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans through the application of modern medicine. They also plan, supervise, and evaluate care and treatment plans by other health care providers. The World Health Organization estimates that fewer than 2.3 health workers (physicians, nurses, and midwives only) per 1,000 would be insufficient to achieve coverage of primary healthcare needs.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces: Total number of divorces in given year by country.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total: Number of people 65 years old and older.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total: Number of people aged 15-59.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total: Number of people aged 80 years and older.
  • Cities > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Abortion > Abortion rate: Abortions per 1000 women.
  • Nationality > Adjective: This entry is derived from People > Nationality, which provides the identifying terms for citizens - noun and adjective.
  • Sex ratio > Total population: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 5-14.
  • Sex ratio > At birth: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages: Marriages by urban/rural residence.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 80 and older.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages per thousand people: Marriages by urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Gender > Sex ratio at birth: Number of males born for every female born. Countries with a number less than one have more females born than males.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Total: Number of people aged 5-14.
  • Migration > Net migration rate: The difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year per 1,000 persons (based on midyear population). An excess of persons entering the country is referred to as net immigration (e.g., 3.56 migrants/1,000 population); an excess of persons leaving the country as net emigration (e.g., -9.26 migrants/1,000 population). The net migration rate indicates the contribution of migration to the overall level of population change. High levels of migration can cause problems such as increasing unemployment and potential ethnic strife (if people are coming in) or a reduction in the labor force, perhaps in certain key sectors (if people are leaving).
  • Child labor > Children ages 5-14: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.
  • Future population change: Total change in population by country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Urban population: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations.
  • Migration > Net migration > Per capita: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period." Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Median age > Total: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Urban and rural > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas by country.
  • Projected population growth: Percentage change in projected population between 2000 and 2050
    Units: Percent Change in Population
    Units: A threshold of 0 was applied. All countries with growth rates of 0 or below received the same score.
  • Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women: Average age of women at their first marriage.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Literacy > Total population: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
    Additional details:
    • Gibraltar: above 80% (2013)
  • Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Men: Average age of men at their first marriage.
  • Age distribution > Child dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant children out of total population aged 15 and older. A dependant child is a child aged 0-14.
  • Gender > Women aged 15-49: Country's total population of women aged 15-49. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Percentage living in urban areas: Percentage of people living in urban areas. Data for 2003. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Migration > Net migration: Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates. To derive estimates of net migration, the United Nations Population Division takes into account the past migration history of a country or area, the migration policy of a country, and the influx of refugees in recent periods. The data to calculate these official estimates come from a variety of sources, including border statistics, administrative records, surveys, and censuses. When no official estimates can be made because of insufficient data, net migration is derived through the balance equation, which is the difference between overall population growth and the natural increase during the 1990-2000 intercensal period."
  • Marriage > Minimum legal age > With parental consent > For Women: Age at which women are allowed to marry with parental consent.
  • Population > CIA Factbook: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
  • Teenage pregancy rate: Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19."
  • Gender empowerment: Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM). The GEM measures the participation of women and men in political decision-making. This index also has four indicators: female members of the Legislature, female participation in selected positions in public and private sector, female participation in academic and technical work, and estimated income. Both indexes are based on data collected by the UN and are processed to enable comparison.
  • Population density: Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes."
  • Sex ratio > Under 15 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Percentage living in rural areas.: Percentage of people living in rural areas. Data for 2003. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Infant mortality rate > Total: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Age structure > 25-54 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Urban and rural > Rural population: Total population living in rural areas by country.
  • Gender > Global Gender Gap Index: The Gender Gap Index considers gender inequality in the dimensions of economic participation (equality of salaries, labor market participation and access to high-skilled employment); access to education; political participation; and health (life expectancy and sex ratio). The highest score of 1 means total equality, 0 means complete inequality. The Index is calculated by the World Economic Forum.
  • Age structure > 15-24 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Gender > Gender inequality index: Gender Inequality Index.
  • Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Rural population: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant."
  • Migration > Foreign worker salaries: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. Remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers resident in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status, to recipients in their country of origin. Migrants' transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. Data are in current U.S. dollars."
  • Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman: Fertility rate, total (births per woman). Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates.
  • Age structure > 55-64 years: This entry is derived from People > Age structure, which provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Marriage > Minimum legal age > Without parental consent > For Women: Minimum legal age at which women can be married without parental consent.
  • Marriage > Minimum legal age > With parental consent > For Men: Age at which men are allowed to marry with parental consent.
  • Gender > Female population per thousand people: Total female population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Future population > Males: UN estimates of male population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Birth rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Sex ratio > 15-64 years: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Child labor > Children ages 5-14 per million people: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Population density > People per sq. km of land area: Population density (people per sq. km of land area). Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-64. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Drinking water source > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Drinking water source > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved drinking water sources available to segments of the population of a country.improved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: piped water into dwelling, yard, or plot; public tap or standpipe; tubewell or borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; or rainwater collection. unimproved drinking water - use of any of the following sources: unprotected dug well; unprotected spring; cart with small tank or drum; tanker truck; surface water, which includes rivers, dams, lakes, ponds, streams, canals or irrigation channels; or bottled water.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-24. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Female: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Hospital bed density: This entry provides the number of hospital beds per 1,000 people; it serves as a general measure of inpatient service availability. Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases, beds for both acute and chronic care are included. Because the level of inpatient services required for individual countries depends on several factors - such as demographic issues and the burden of disease - there is no global target for the number of hospital beds per country. So, while 2 beds per 1,000 in one country may be sufficient, 2 beds per 1,000 in another may be woefully inadequate because of the number of people hospitalized by disease.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, any method, percentage.
  • Contraceptive prevalence rate: This field gives the percent of women of reproductive age (15-49) who are married or in union and are using, or whose sexual partner is using, a method of contraception according to the date of the most recent available data. The contraceptive prevalence rate is an indicator of health services, development, and women’s empowerment. It is also useful in understanding, past, present, and future fertility trends, especially in developing countries.
  • Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Births > Teen motherhood rate: Proportion of women aged 15-19 who have given birth.
  • Urban and rural > Rural population per thousand people: Total population living in rural areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Females: Female consent.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Urbanization: Estimates and projections of urban and rural populations are made by the Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat and published every two years. These estimates and projections are based on national census or survey data that have been evaluated and, whenever necessary, adjusted for deficiencies and inconsistencies. Urban-rural classification of population in internationally published statistics follows the national census definition, which differs from one country or area to another. National definitions are usually based on criteria that may include any of the following: size of population in a locality, population density, distance between built-up areas, predominant type of economic activity, legal or administrative boundaries and urban characteristics such as specific services and facilities.
  • Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio: This entry is derived from People > Dependency ratios, which dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
    total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.
    youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.
    elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
    potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.
  • Sex ratio > 65 years and over: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births). Infant mortality rate is the number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 60 and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted."
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 0-14. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Population in largest city: Population in largest city is the urban population living in the countryÂ’s largest metropolitan area.
  • Population, total: Population, total. Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Gender ratio > Whole population: Female/male ratio of population.
  • Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper: Total number of females living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum > Per capita: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted." Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Male: This entry is derived from People > Life expectancy at birth, which contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Net migration: Net migration. Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates.
  • Maternal mortality rate: The maternal mortality rate (MMR) is the annual number of female deaths per 100,000 live births from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management (excluding accidental or incidental causes). The MMR includes deaths during pregnancy, childbirth, or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, for a specified year.
  • Urban and rural > Males living in cities proper: Total number of males living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000.
  • Urban and rural > Female rural population: Total number of females living in rural areas by country.
  • Population > CIA Factbook per capita: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Immigration > Cultural Diversity Index: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country speak a very different language. A high score of close to 1 indicates that many unrelated languages are spoken. A score of close to 0 means that few languages are spoken, and / or that the spoken languages are similar to one another. For more information, please refer to Fearon (see citation).
  • Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19: Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19). Adolescent fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-19.
  • Languages: This entry provides a rank ordering of languages starting with the largest and sometimes includes the percent of total population speaking that language.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 15-59. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 0-4. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Rural population per 1000: Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Minimum legal marrying age > With parental consent > For Women: Legal Age for Marriage.
  • Future population > Females: UN estimates of female population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030.
  • Fertility > Number of maternal deaths: Number of maternal deaths. Maternal mortality deaths is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people aged 80 years and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women: Percentage of female population aged 15-19 who has been married at least once. Percentage is out of total number of females in the same age group.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Urban marriages per thousand people: Marriages by urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Female: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Gender > Male population per thousand people: Total male population. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Russians: Number of residents who are ethnic Russians and maintain a feeling of Russian national identity.
  • Literacy > Definition: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Childless women, aged 40-44: Proportion of women who have not given birth by age 40-44.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Females: Singulate mean age at marriage.
  • Number of under-five deaths: Number of under-five deaths. Number of children dying before reaching age five.
  • Number of infant deaths: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age.
  • GDP per capita > Current US$: GDP per capita (current US$). GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Cities > Urban population per thousand people: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Density and urbanisation > Urban population: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanisation Prospects.
  • Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total per thousand people: Number of people 65 years old and older. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Immigration > Refugees and asylum seekers > Natives per Refugee: Natives per Refugee.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Marriage, divorce and children > Rural marriages per thousand people: Marriages by urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Infant mortality rate > Female: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Rights of the Child Convention > Signatories: Date of signing convention
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000: Urban areas with a population of over a million people.
  • Gender ratio > Babies: Female/male ratio at birth.
  • Urban population per 1000: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Urban and rural > Male rural population: Total number of males living in rural areas by country.
  • Urban and rural > Male urban population: Total number of males living in urban areas by country.
  • Urban and rural > Female urban population: Total number of females living in urban areas by country.
  • Median age > Both sexes: Age of person who is older than half the population and younger than the other half of the population.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Population in largest city > Per capita: Population in largest city is the urban population living in the countryÂ’s largest metropolitan area. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Infant mortality rate > Male: This entry is derived from People > Infant mortality rate, which gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000: Urban Areas Over 2,000,000.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male: This entry is derived from People > Unemployment, youth ages 15-24, which gives the percent of the total labor force ages 15-24 unemployed during a specified year.
  • Number of infant deaths per 1000: Number of infant deaths. Number of infants dying before reaching one year of age. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total Population per capita: Total Population, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Gender ratio > Urban population: Female/male ratio of urban population.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Urban and rural > Population living in urban agglomerations: Total population living in urban agglomerations. An urban agglomeration should not be confused with a metropolitan area, whereas an agglomeration refers to multiple connected urban cities, while a metropolitan area refers to a central urban area with outlying suburban cities and districts.
  • Charity > World Giving Index > Volunteered time: VT.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of Canada, share of immigrants: Portion of immigrants in Canada.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Males: Male consent.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Gender ratio > Aged over 80 > Women per 100 men: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 60 > Women per 100 men: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Religions: This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below.
    Baha'i - Founded by Mirza Husayn-Ali (known as Baha'u'llah) in Iran in 1852, Baha'i faith emphasizes monotheism and believes in one eternal transcendent God. Its guiding focus is to encourage the unity of all peoples on the earth so that justice and peace may be achieved on earth. Baha'i revelation contends the prophets of major world religions reflect some truth or element of the divine, believes all were manifestations of God given to specific communities in specific times, and that Baha'u'llah is an additional prophet meant to call all humankind. Bahais are an open community, located worldwide, with the greatest concentration of believers in South Asia.
    Buddhism - Religion or philosophy inspired by the 5th century B.C. teachings of Siddhartha Gautama (also known as Gautama Buddha "the enlightened one"). Buddhism focuses on the goal of spiritual enlightenment centered on an understanding of Gautama Buddha's Four Noble Truths on the nature of suffering, and on the Eightfold Path of spiritual and moral practice, to break the cycle of suffering of which we are a part. Buddhism ascribes to a karmic system of rebirth. Several schools and sects of Buddhism exist, differing often on the nature of the Buddha, the extent to which enlightenment can be achieved - for one or for all, and by whom - religious orders or laity.
    Basic Groupings
       Theravada Buddhism: The oldest Buddhist school, Theravada is practiced mostly in Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Laos, Burma, and Thailand, with minority representation elsewhere in Asia and the West. Theravadans follow the Pali Canon of Buddha's teachings, and believe that one may escape the cycle of rebirth, worldly attachment, and suffering for oneself; this process may take one or several lifetimes.
       Mahayana Buddhism, including subsets Zen and Tibetan (Lamaistic) Buddhism: Forms of Mahayana Buddhism are common in East Asia and Tibet, and parts of the West. Mahayanas have additional scriptures beyond the Pali Canon and believe the Buddha is eternal and still teaching. Unlike Theravada Buddhism, Mahayana schools maintain the Buddha-nature is present in all beings and all will ultimately achieve enlightenment.
        Hoa Hao: a minority tradition of Buddhism practiced in Vietnam that stresses lay participation, primarily by peasant farmers; it eschews ...
    Full definition
  • Urban population > Per capita: Urban population is the midyear population of areas defined as urban in each country and reported to the United Nations. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults: Mortality rate, adult, male (per 1,000 male adults). Adult mortality rate is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old dying before reaching age 60, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates between those ages.
  • Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country will be from different ethnic groups, 0 meaning that each individual in this country is from the same ethnic group. For a discussion of what constitutes an ethnic group, please refer to Fearon (see citation).
  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Percent of population of African descent: Percentage of each country's population that is of African descent. These numbers include people mixed with African descent as well.
  • Immigration > Visa overstay rate > Australia: Modified Non-Return Rate.
  • Population in urban agglomerations > More than 1 million: Population in urban agglomerations of more than one million is the country's population living in metropolitan areas that in 2000 had a population of more than one million people.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method > Percentage: Percentage of all married women aged 15-49 who report using any type of contraceptive.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom: Current contraceptive use among married women 15-49 years old, condom, percentage.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Median age > Male: This entry is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female: This entry is derived from People > School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary , which school life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Men: Percentage of male population aged 15-19 who has been married at least once. Percentage is out of total number of males in the same age group.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Density and urbanisation > Rural population: Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population.
  • Urban and rural population > Rural gender ratio: Women per 100 men, rural population.
  • Urban and rural population > Urban gender ratio: Women per 100 men amongst urban population.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > From total: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Age structure > 15-64 years > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Charity > World Giving Index > Donated money, percent: DM.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Female population > Age 15-19: Female population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005
  • Median age > Female: This entry is derived from People > Median age, which is the age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than this age and half are older. It is a single index that summarizes the age distribution of a population. Currently, the median age ranges from a low of about 15 in Uganda and Gaza Strip to 40 or more in several European countries and Japan. See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a higher median age.
  • Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita > Cubic meters: Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita (cubic meters). Renewable internal freshwater resources flows refer to internal renewable resources (internal river flows and groundwater from rainfall) in the country. Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita are calculated using the World Bank's population estimates.
  • Cities > Rate of urbanization: Urbanization rate.
  • Sanitation facility access > Improved > Urban: This entry is derived from People > Sanitation facility access > Improved, which provides information about access to improved or unimproved sanitation facilities available to segments of the population of a country. improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. unimproved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush not piped to a sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; pit latrine without a slab or open pit; bucket; hanging toilet or hanging latrine; shared facilities of any type; no facilities; or bush or field.
  • Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin > Per capita: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organisation of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant." Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Gender > Women aged 15-49 per thousand people: Country's total population of women aged 15-49. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, male > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, under-5, male (per 1,000 live births). Mortality rate, under-5, male (per 1,000)
  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > British citizens: Visa requirement.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Future population > Males per thousand people: UN estimates of male population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • International migrant stock, total: International migrant stock, total. International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data.
  • International migrant stock, total per 1000: International migrant stock, total. International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 95-99 per million: Male population - Age 95-99, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Women > Maternal mortality ratio adjusted: People - Women - Maternal mortality ratio 2000 adjusted
  • Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Jews > Enlarged Jewish population:

    Jewish population by country. The enlarged Jewish community includes Jews, non-Jews with Jewish ancestry and non-Jewish members of Jewish households.   

  • Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country: Lifetime risk of maternal death (1 in: rate varies by country). Life time risk of maternal death is the probability that a 15-year-old female will die eventually from a maternal cause assuming that current levels of fertility and mortality (including maternal mortality) do not change in the future, taking into account competing causes of death.
  • Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index per million people: The probability that two individuals selected at random from a country will be from different ethnic groups, 0 meaning that each individual in this country is from the same ethnic group. For a discussion of what constitutes an ethnic group, please refer to Fearon (see citation). Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Fertility > Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given: Maternity leave benefits.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Norway: Country of origin of Norway’s population who was either foreign born or born in Norway to foreign residents (number of people by country of origin).
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged 30 to 39: Percent widowed in age group.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Age structure > 0-14 years > Females: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Charity > World Giving Index > Helped a stranger, percent: HS.
  • Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Canada: Country of birth of Canadian residents (number of residents).
  • Total Population > Female: Total Population - Female, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 90-94 per million: Male population - Age 90-94, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Migration > International migrant stock > Total: International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 people living in one of the newly independent countries who were born in another were classified as international migrants. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. For countries with information on the international migrant stock for at least two points in time, interpolation or extrapolation was used to estimate the international migrant stock on July 1 of the reference years. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data."
  • Future population > Females per thousand people: UN estimates of female population in 2010, 2015, 2020, 2025 and 2030. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Gender > Gender ratio aged over 80: Amount of women per every 100 males that are over the age of 80 in each country. For instance, in North Korea, for every 100 males over 80, there are 411.8 females who are over 80.
  • Gender > Gender ratio aged over 65: Amount of women per every 100 males that are over the age of 65 in each country. For instance, in Russia, for every 100 males over 65, there are 210.6 females who are over 65.
  • Gender ratio > Aged over 60: Female/male ratio at age x.
  • Female population > Age 25-29: Female population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005
  • Male population > Age 25-29: Male population - Age 25-29, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 30-34 per 1000: Female population - Age 30-34, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Male population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Male population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 100-104: Total population - Age 100-104, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 10-14 per 1000: Female population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Total population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 10-14 per 1000: Total population - Age 10-14, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female population > Age 15-19 per 1000: Female population - Age 15-19, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Total population > Age 80-84 per 1000: Total population - Age 80-84, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > British citizens > Notes: Notes (excluding departure fees).

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Labor force participation rate, male > % of male population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate, male (% of male population ages 15-64). Labor force participation rate, male (% of male population ages 15-64)
  • Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Austrian citizens > Fee: Fee (if applicable).

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Total population > Age 65-69 per 1000: Total population - Age 65-69, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Population, female > % of total: Population, female (% of total). Population, female (% of total) is the percentage of the population that is female.
  • Total population > Age 40-44: Total population - Age 40-44, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 70-74: Total population - Age 70-74, as of April 26, 2005
  • Total population > Age 30-34 > % of the total: Total population - Age 30-34 - % of the total, as of April 26, 2005
  • Rights of the Child Convention > Ratification Dates: Date of ratification of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. "A" denotes acceptance; "a" denotes accession; "d" denotes succession
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > Rural > Men > Aged 30 to 39: Percent of population that is widowed by age group, gender and urban / rural status.
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > Urban > Men > Aged 30 to 39: Percent widowed in age group.
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > Rural > Women > Aged 40 to 59: Percent of population that is widowed by age group, gender and urban / rural status.
  • Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged 40 to 59: Percent widowed in age group.
  • Total population > Age 20-24: Total population - Age 20-24, as of April 26, 2005
  • Urban and rural > Males living in cities proper per thousand people: Total number of males living in cities proper. The UN definition for city proper varies for each country but usually refers to a locality with legal boundaries, some form of local government and does not include its outlying suburbs and districts. Numbers only include cities proper with a population over 100,000. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Urban and rural > Male urban population per thousand people: Total number of males living in urban areas by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Urban marriages: Marriages by urban/rural residence.
  • Male population > Age 70-74: Male population - Age 70-74, as of April 26, 2005
  • Female population > Age 90-94: Female population - Age 90-94, as of April 26, 2005
  • Urban and rural > Males living in urban agglomerations: Total number of males living in urban agglomerations. An urban agglomeration should not be confused with a metropolitan area, whereas an agglomeration refers to multiple connected urban cities, while a metropolitan area refers to a central urban area with outlying suburban cities and districts.
  • Dynamics > Population growth > Annual %: Annual population growth rate for year t is the exponential rate of growth of midyear population from year t-1 to t, expressed as a percentage . Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of the country of origin."
  • Female population > Age 95-99 per million: Female population - Age 95-99, as of April 26, 2005. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Note: Country people note.
  • Fertility > Mortality rate, neonatal > Per 1,000 live births: Mortality rate, neonatal (per 1,000 live births). Neonatal mortality rate is the number of neonates dying before reaching 28 days of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.
  • Improved water source, rural > % of rural population with access: Improved water source, rural (% of rural population with access). Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population using an improved drinking water source. The improved drinking water source includes piped water on premises (piped household water connection located inside the useru2019s dwelling, plot or yard), and other improved drinking water sources (public taps or standpipes, tube wells or boreholes, protected dug wells, protected springs, and rainwater collection).
  • Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > %: Lifetime risk of maternal death (%). Life time risk of maternal death is the probability that a 15-year-old female will die eventually from a maternal cause assuming that current levels of fertility and mortality (including maternal mortality) do not change in the future, taking into account competing causes of death.
  • Fertility > Maternal mortality ratio > Modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births: Maternal mortality ratio (modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births). Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth, per 100,000 live births. The data are estimated with a regression model using information on fertility, birth attendants, and HIV prevalence.
STAT Austria Ukraine HISTORY
Age distribution > Median age 47.9 years
Ranked 56th. 12% more than Ukraine
42.72 years
Ranked 134th.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 14.86%
Ranked 135th.
16.58%
Ranked 68th. 12% more than Austria

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total 1.42 million
Ranked 103th.
4.08 million
Ranked 70th. 3 times more than Austria

Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent 10.29%
Ranked 140th.
11.83%
Ranked 56th. 15% more than Austria

Age distribution > Total dependency ratio 83.79%
Ranked 46th. 37% more than Ukraine
61.28%
Ranked 144th.

Birth rate 8.73 births/1,000 population
Ranked 213th.
9.52 births/1,000 population
Ranked 201st. 9% more than Austria

Death rate 10.31 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 46th.
15.75 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 2nd. 53% more than Austria

Ethnic groups German 88.5%, indigenous minorities 1.5% (includes Croatians, Slovenes, Hungarians, Czechs, Slovaks, Roma), recent immigrant groups 10% (includes Turks, Bosnians, Serbians, Croatians) Ukrainian 77.8%, Russian 17.3%, Belarusian 0.6%, Moldovan 0.5%, Crimean Tatar 0.5%, Bulgarian 0.4%, Hungarian 0.3%, Romanian 0.3%, Polish 0.3%, Jewish 0.2%, other 1.8%
Gender > Female population 4.82 million
Ranked 101st.
12.83 million
Ranked 69th. 3 times more than Austria

Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces per thousand people 2.01
Ranked 17th. 84% more than Ukraine
1.09
Ranked 30th.

Mother's mean age at first birth 28.5
Ranked 2nd. 23% more than Ukraine
23.1
Ranked 8th.
Population 8.22 million
Ranked 94th.
44.57 million
Ranked 30th. 5 times more than Austria

Population > Population growth, past and future -0.048
Ranked 81st.
-0.369
Ranked 182nd. 8 times more than Austria

Population growth -0.048%
Ranked 81st.
-0.369%
Ranked 182nd. 8 times more than Austria

Population growth rate 0.02%
Ranked 190th.
-0.63%
Ranked 226th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total 986,214
Ranked 103th.
2.91 million
Ranked 69th. 3 times more than Austria

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent 36.29%
Ranked 53th. 32% more than Ukraine
27.55%
Ranked 141st.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total 5.22 million
Ranked 103th.
15.27 million
Ranked 69th. 3 times more than Austria

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total 464,002
Ranked 103th.
1.35 million
Ranked 70th. 3 times more than Austria

Obesity > Adult obesity rate 20.9%
Ranked 91st.
21.3%
Ranked 86th. 2% more than Austria
Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 48.85%
Ranked 147th.
55.87%
Ranked 53th. 14% more than Austria

Population in 2015 8,288 thousand
Ranked 93th.
41,849 thousand
Ranked 34th. 5 times more than Austria
Urban and rural > Population living in cities proper 2.65 million
Ranked 6th.
18.25 million
Ranked 2nd. 7 times more than Austria

Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 9.1
Ranked 68th.
14.5
Ranked 11th. 59% more than Austria

Total fertility rate 1.42 children born/woman
Ranked 198th. 10% more than Ukraine
1.29 children born/woman
Ranked 211th.

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent 30.73%
Ranked 50th. 43% more than Ukraine
21.42%
Ranked 140th.

Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population 0.48
Ranked 139th. 7% more than Ukraine
0.45
Ranked 154th.

Age structure > 0-14 years 13.7%
Ranked 219th.
13.9%
Ranked 217th. 1% more than Austria

Gender > Male population 4.76 million
Ranked 101st.
11.8 million
Ranked 72nd. 2 times more than Austria

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total 3.48 million
Ranked 96th.
6.78 million
Ranked 72nd. 95% more than Austria

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 54.41%
Ranked 151st.
62.01%
Ranked 53th. 14% more than Austria

Age structure > 65 years and over 18.9%
Ranked 9th. 21% more than Ukraine
15.6%
Ranked 38th.

Nationality > Noun Austrian(s) Ukrainian(s)
Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio 56.48%
Ranked 48th. 64% more than Ukraine
34.54%
Ranked 141st.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent 4.84%
Ranked 138th.
5.49%
Ranked 61st. 13% more than Austria

Physicians density 4.86 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 2nd. 38% more than Ukraine
3.52 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 8th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces 17,006
Ranked 14th.
49,807
Ranked 4th. 3 times more than Austria

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total 2.95 million
Ranked 95th.
5.28 million
Ranked 72nd. 79% more than Austria

Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total 4.68 million
Ranked 103th.
13.76 million
Ranked 69th. 3 times more than Austria

Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total 1.35 million
Ranked 82nd.
1.69 million
Ranked 73th. 25% more than Austria

Cities > Urban population 76,378
Ranked 86th. 1% more than Ukraine
75,603
Ranked 89th.

Abortion > Abortion rate 1.3 abortions per 1,000 women
Ranked 3rd.
27.5 abortions per 1,000 women
Ranked 5th. 21 times more than Austria
Nationality > Adjective Austrian Ukrainian
Sex ratio > Total population 0.95 male(s)/female
Ranked 172nd. 12% more than Ukraine
0.85 male(s)/female
Ranked 224th.

Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent 10.02%
Ranked 133th.
11.09%
Ranked 70th. 11% more than Austria

Sex ratio > At birth 1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 91st.
1.07 male(s)/female
Ranked 18th. 2% more than Austria

Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages 38,592
Ranked 19th.
278,276
Ranked 5th. 7 times more than Austria

Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Percent 14.13%
Ranked 45th. 2 times more than Ukraine
6.88%
Ranked 137th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Marriages per thousand people 4.56
Ranked 36th.
6.1
Ranked 17th. 34% more than Austria

Gender > Sex ratio at birth 1.05
Ranked 53th.
1.06
Ranked 17th. 1% more than Austria

Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Total 960,712
Ranked 103th.
2.73 million
Ranked 70th. 3 times more than Austria

Migration > Net migration rate 1.88 migrant(s)/1,000 populati
Ranked 47th.
-0.12 migrant(s)/1,000 populati
Ranked 91st.

Child labor > Children ages 5-14 28.5
Ranked 2nd. 23% more than Ukraine
23.1
Ranked 8th.
Future population change -4,627.2
Ranked 112th.
-91,724.8
Ranked 168th. 20 times more than Austria

Urban population 5.43 million
Ranked 74th.
31.92 million
Ranked 23th. 6 times more than Austria

Urbanization in 2015 71%
Ranked 61st. 1% more than Ukraine
70.4%
Ranked 63th.
Migration > Net migration > Per capita 26,707.76 per 1 million people
Ranked 21st.
-3,671.331 per 1 million people
Ranked 107th.

Median age > Total 43.9 years
Ranked 6th. 9% more than Ukraine
40.3 years
Ranked 39th.

Life expectancy at birth > Total population 80.04 years
Ranked 33th. 16% more than Ukraine
68.93 years
Ranked 156th.

Urban and rural > Urban population 5.37 million
Ranked 43th.
31.38 million
Ranked 7th. 6 times more than Austria

Projected population growth 0.79%
Ranked 111th.
-21.84%
Ranked 135th.
Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Women 31
Ranked 5th. 34% more than Ukraine
23.1
Ranked 10th.
Age structure > 15-64 years 67.6%
Ranked 80th.
70.7%
Ranked 34th. 5% more than Austria

Literacy > Total population 98%
Ranked 63th.
99.7%
Ranked 16th. 2% more than Austria

Dependency ratios > Youth dependency ratio 21.6%
Ranked 181st. 5% more than Ukraine
20.5%
Ranked 189th.
Marriage > Years being single before marriage > Men 33.6
Ranked 4th. 30% more than Ukraine
25.9
Ranked 12th.
Age distribution > Child dependency ratio 27.31%
Ranked 91st. 2% more than Ukraine
26.73%
Ranked 129th.

Gender > Women aged 15-49 1.75 million
Ranked 103th.
5.11 million
Ranked 69th. 3 times more than Austria

Percentage living in urban areas 66%
Ranked 75th.
67%
Ranked 70th. 2% more than Austria
Migration > Net migration 219,893
Ranked 21st.
-172,829
Ranked 145th.

Marriage > Minimum legal age > With parental consent > For Women 16 15
Population > CIA Factbook 8.21 million
Ranked 92nd.
45.99 million
Ranked 27th. 6 times more than Austria

Teenage pregancy rate 12.52
Ranked 155th.
28.09
Ranked 111th. 2 times more than Austria

Gender empowerment 0.745
Ranked 12th. 74% more than Ukraine
0.428
Ranked 56th.
Population density 101.11
Ranked 83th. 27% more than Ukraine
79.85
Ranked 97th.

Sex ratio > Under 15 years 1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 71st.
1.06 male(s)/female
Ranked 43th. 1% more than Austria

Percentage living in rural areas. 34%
Ranked 125th. 3% more than Ukraine
33%
Ranked 130th.
Infant mortality rate > Total 4.21 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 194th.
8.24 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 154th. 96% more than Austria

Age structure > 25-54 years 43.1%
Ranked 69th.
45%
Ranked 40th. 4% more than Austria
Urban and rural > Rural population 2.66 million
Ranked 56th.
14.25 million
Ranked 10th. 5 times more than Austria

Gender > Global Gender Gap Index 0.744
Ranked 19th. 7% more than Ukraine
0.694
Ranked 64th.

Age structure > 15-24 years 11.8%
Ranked 203th.
12.1%
Ranked 193th. 3% more than Austria
Gender > Gender inequality index 0.102
Ranked 132nd.
0.338
Ranked 90th. 3 times more than Austria
Urban and rural > Urban population per thousand people 667.56
Ranked 35th.
688.28
Ranked 12th. 3% more than Austria

Rural population 2.8 million
Ranked 92nd.
15.16 million
Ranked 33th. 5 times more than Austria

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin 12
Ranked 159th.
24,522
Ranked 26th. 2044 times more than Austria

Migration > Foreign worker salaries 3.38 billion
Ranked 22nd. 135 times more than Ukraine
25 million
Ranked 111th.

Fertility > Fertility rate, total > Births per woman 1.42
Ranked 181st.
1.46
Ranked 172nd. 3% more than Austria

Age structure > 55-64 years 12.5%
Ranked 38th.
13.5%
Ranked 18th. 8% more than Austria
Marriage > Minimum legal age > Without parental consent > For Women 18
Ranked 47th. 6% more than Ukraine
17
Ranked 124th.
Marriage > Minimum legal age > With parental consent > For Men 16 15
Gender > Female population per thousand people 513.58
Ranked 31st.
540.74
Ranked 4th. 5% more than Austria

Future population > Males 4.25 million
Ranked 100th.
17.42 million
Ranked 46th. 4 times more than Austria

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 16 years
Ranked 22nd. 7% more than Ukraine
15 years
Ranked 45th.

Fertility > Birth rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 9.3
Ranked 190th.
11
Ranked 164th. 18% more than Austria

Sex ratio > 15-64 years 1.01
Ranked 83th. 10% more than Ukraine
0.92
Ranked 205th.

Child labor > Children ages 5-14 per million people 3.38
Ranked 5th. 7 times more than Ukraine
0.518
Ranked 38th.
Dependency ratios > Total dependency ratio 48.9%
Ranked 129th. 17% more than Ukraine
41.9%
Ranked 170th.
Population density > People per sq. km of land area 102.22 sq. km
Ranked 93th. 30% more than Ukraine
78.9 sq. km
Ranked 111th.

Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total per thousand people 675.15
Ranked 59th.
705.95
Ranked 29th. 5% more than Austria

Drinking water source > Improved > Total 100% of population
Ranked 28th. 2% more than Ukraine
98% of population
Ranked 23th.
Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total per thousand people 122.06
Ranked 178th.
143.72
Ranked 149th. 18% more than Austria

Life expectancy at birth > Female 83.1 years
Ranked 27th. 11% more than Ukraine
74.8 years
Ranked 135th.

Hospital bed density 7.6 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 2nd.
8.7 beds/1,000 population
Ranked 3rd. 14% more than Austria

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method 69.6%
Ranked 6th. 4% more than Ukraine
66.7%
Ranked 9th.

Contraceptive prevalence rate 69.6%
Ranked 26th. 4% more than Ukraine
66.7%
Ranked 3rd.
Dependency ratios > Potential support ratio 3.7
Ranked 182nd.
4.7
Ranked 161st. 27% more than Austria
Births > Teen motherhood rate 2%
Ranked 13th.
4%
Ranked 9th. Twice as much as Austria

Urban and rural > Rural population per thousand people 331.28
Ranked 65th. 6% more than Ukraine
312.61
Ranked 20th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Females 18
Ranked 43th. The same as Ukraine
18
Ranked 38th.
Urbanization 67
Ranked 69th.
68
Ranked 66th. 1% more than Austria
Dependency ratios > Elderly dependency ratio 27.3%
Ranked 14th. 28% more than Ukraine
21.4%
Ranked 34th.
Sex ratio > 65 years and over 0.73 male(s)/female
Ranked 159th. 49% more than Ukraine
0.49 male(s)/female
Ranked 220th.

Fertility > Mortality rate, infant > Per 1,000 live births 3.3
Ranked 173th.
9.2
Ranked 131st. 3 times more than Austria

Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total per thousand people 231.7
Ranked 14th. 15% more than Ukraine
201.93
Ranked 29th.

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum 38,906
Ranked 37th. 5 times more than Ukraine
7,334
Ranked 67th.

Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total per thousand people 147.74
Ranked 176th. 6% more than Ukraine
139.51
Ranked 183th.

Population in largest city 2.26 million
Ranked 55th.
2.67 million
Ranked 51st. 18% more than Austria

Population, total 8.46 million
Ranked 94th.
45.59 million
Ranked 31st. 5 times more than Austria

Gender ratio > Whole population 104.2%
Ranked 58th.
116.6%
Ranked 3rd. 12% more than Austria

Urban and rural > Females living in cities proper 900,299
Ranked 2nd. 6 times more than Ukraine
145,968
Ranked 6th.

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of asylum > Per capita 4.58 per 1,000 people
Ranked 32nd. 29 times more than Ukraine
0.157 per 1,000 people
Ranked 94th.

Life expectancy at birth > Male 77.13 years
Ranked 35th. 22% more than Ukraine
63.41 years
Ranked 167th.

Net migration 150,001
Ranked 30th.
-40,006
Ranked 129th.

Maternal mortality rate 4 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 176th.
32 deaths/100,000 live births
Ranked 120th. 8 times more than Austria

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total None None
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male None None
Urban and rural > Males living in cities proper 830,937
Ranked 2nd. 7 times more than Ukraine
124,670
Ranked 6th.

Urban and rural > Female rural population 1.34 million
Ranked 47th.
7.56 million
Ranked 7th. 6 times more than Austria

Population > CIA Factbook per capita 0.984
Ranked 121st.
0.994
Ranked 103th. 1% more than Austria

Immigration > Cultural Diversity Index 0.1
Ranked 118th.
0.258
Ranked 82nd. 3 times more than Austria
Fertility > Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19 5.53
Ranked 181st.
26.69
Ranked 123th. 5 times more than Austria

Languages German (official nationwide) 88.6%, Turkish 2.3%, Serbian 2.2%, Croatian (official in Burgenland) 1.6%, other (includes Slovene, official in Carinthia, and Hungarian, official in Burgenland) 5.3% Ukrainian (official) 67%, Russian 24%, other (includes small Romanian-, Polish-, and Hungarian-speaking minorities) 9%
Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total per thousand people 622.01
Ranked 82nd.
662.48
Ranked 29th. 7% more than Austria

Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total per thousand people 47.03
Ranked 184th.
52.82
Ranked 166th. 12% more than Austria

Rural population per 1000 340.23
Ranked 124th. 6% more than Ukraine
321.8
Ranked 130th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Minimum legal marrying age > With parental consent > For Women 16 15
Future population > Females 4.39 million
Ranked 99th.
20.64 million
Ranked 38th. 5 times more than Austria

Fertility > Number of maternal deaths 3
Ranked 157th.
160
Ranked 78th. 53 times more than Austria

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Total 8.3%
Ranked 111th.
18.6%
Ranked 62nd. 2 times more than Austria

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Total 16 years
Ranked 22nd. 7% more than Ukraine
15 years
Ranked 45th.
Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total per thousand people 48.63
Ranked 9th. 38% more than Ukraine
35.22
Ranked 32nd.

Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Women 0.0
Ranked 25th.
6.6
Ranked 19th.
Marriage, divorce and children > Urban marriages per thousand people 3.29
Ranked 23th.
5.91
Ranked 3rd. 79% more than Austria

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Female 8.8%
Ranked 56th.
18.7%
Ranked 35th. 2 times more than Austria

Gender > Male population per thousand people 487.87
Ranked 149th. 5% more than Ukraine
463.18
Ranked 187th.

Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Russians 5,466
Ranked 42nd.
8.33 million
Ranked 1st. 1525 times more than Austria
Literacy > Definition age 15 and over can read and write age 15 and over can read and write
Marriage, divorce and children > Childless women, aged 40-44 16%
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than Ukraine
6%
Ranked 14th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Years spent single before marriage > Females 26.1 years
Ranked 9th. 20% more than Ukraine
21.7 years
Ranked 12th.
Education expenditures 6% of GDP
Ranked 19th. 13% more than Ukraine
5.3% of GDP
Ranked 22nd.

Number of under-five deaths 0.0
Ranked 149th.
6,000
Ranked 75th.

Number of infant deaths 0.0
Ranked 145th.
5,000
Ranked 75th.

GDP per capita > Current US$ $46,642.29
Ranked 13th. 12 times more than Ukraine
$3,866.99
Ranked 101st.

Cities > Urban population per thousand people 8.04e-06
Ranked 121st. 5 times more than Ukraine
1.51e-06
Ranked 180th.

Density and urbanisation > Urban population 5.64 million
Ranked 70th.
31.3 million
Ranked 22nd. 6 times more than Austria

Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total per thousand people 178.56
Ranked 10th. 13% more than Ukraine
158.46
Ranked 23th.

Immigration > Refugees and asylum seekers > Natives per Refugee 177
Ranked 127th.
14,493
Ranked 46th. 82 times more than Austria
Marriage, divorce and children > Rural marriages per thousand people 2.64
Ranked 10th. 41% more than Ukraine
1.87
Ranked 9th.

Urbanization > Rate of urbanization None None
Infant mortality rate > Female 3.3 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 203th.
6.03 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 161st. 83% more than Austria

Rights of the Child Convention > Signatories 26 Aug 1990 21 Feb 1990
Age structure > 15-64 years > From total 67.5%
Ranked 67th.
70%
Ranked 32nd. 4% more than Austria

Cities > Urban areas over 1,000,000 1
Ranked 65th.
4
Ranked 20th. 4 times more than Austria
Gender ratio > Babies 94.7%
Ranked 137th. 1% more than Ukraine
94.1%
Ranked 159th.

Urban population per 1000 660.44
Ranked 66th.
677.57
Ranked 61st. 3% more than Austria

Urban and rural > Male rural population 1.32 million
Ranked 49th.
6.7 million
Ranked 8th. 5 times more than Austria

Urban and rural > Male urban population 2.56 million
Ranked 39th.
14.39 million
Ranked 5th. 6 times more than Austria

Urban and rural > Female urban population 2.8 million
Ranked 36th.
16.99 million
Ranked 5th. 6 times more than Austria

Median age > Both sexes 42.6
Ranked 8th. 7% more than Ukraine
39.7
Ranked 34th.
Age structure > 65 years and over > Males 599,415
Ranked 50th.
2.49 million
Ranked 18th. 4 times more than Austria

Age structure > 0-14 years > Males 621,326
Ranked 114th.
3.28 million
Ranked 52nd. 5 times more than Austria

Urbanization > Urban population None None
Major cities > Population VIENNA (capital) 1.72 million KYIV (capital) 2.779 million; Kharkiv 1.455 million; Dnipropetrovsk 1.013 million; Odesa 1.009 million; Donetsk 971,000
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Total 15 years
Ranked 40th. The same as Ukraine
15 years
Ranked 43th.

Population in largest city > Per capita 0.274 per capita
Ranked 22nd. 5 times more than Ukraine
0.057 per capita
Ranked 109th.

Infant mortality rate > Male 5.09 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 183th.
10.31 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 148th. 2 times more than Austria

Cities > Urban areas over 2,000,000 0.0
Ranked 91st.
1
Ranked 47th.
Sanitation facility access > Improved > Total 100% of population
Ranked 10th. 6% more than Ukraine
94% of population
Ranked 41st.

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 > Male 7.9%
Ranked 109th.
18.6%
Ranked 53th. 2 times more than Austria

Number of infant deaths per 1000 0.0
Ranked 145th.
0.11
Ranked 112th.

Total Population per capita 0.996
Ranked 120th. About the same as Ukraine
0.992
Ranked 124th.
Gender ratio > Urban population 109.3%
Ranked 16th.
117.1%
Ranked 4th. 7% more than Austria

Age structure > 0-14 years > Males per 1000 74.53
Ranked 183th. 5% more than Ukraine
70.86
Ranked 190th.

Age structure > 65 years and over > From total 17.7%
Ranked 9th. 10% more than Ukraine
16.1%
Ranked 23th.

Urban and rural > Population living in urban agglomerations 1.83 million
Ranked 1st. 15 times more than Ukraine
120,352
Ranked 5th.

Charity > World Giving Index > Volunteered time 24%
Ranked 43th. 20% more than Ukraine
20%
Ranked 59th.
Immigration > Nationality compositions of Canada, share of immigrants 0.3%
Ranked 52nd.
1%
Ranked 27th. 3 times more than Austria
Marriage, divorce and children > Marriageable age > Males 18
Ranked 45th. The same as Ukraine
18
Ranked 39th.
Gender ratio > Aged over 80 > Women per 100 men 248.3
Ranked 19th.
342.6
Ranked 6th. 38% more than Austria

Gender ratio > Aged over 60 > Women per 100 men 137.5
Ranked 35th.
182
Ranked 6th. 32% more than Austria

Religions Roman Catholic 73.6%, Protestant 4.7%, Muslim 4.2%, other 3.5%, unspecified 2%, none 12% Ukrainian Orthodox - Kyiv Patriarchate 50.4%, Ukrainian Orthodox - Moscow Patriarchate 26.1%, Ukrainian Greek Catholic 8%, Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox 7.2%, Roman Catholic 2.2%, Protestant 2.2%, Jewish 0.6%, other 3.2%
Urban population > Per capita 0.66 per capita
Ranked 70th.
0.678 per capita
Ranked 62nd. 3% more than Austria

Mortality rate, adult, male > Per 1,000 male adults 99.78
Ranked 145th.
334.1
Ranked 30th. 3 times more than Austria

Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index 0.126
Ranked 137th.
0.419
Ranked 87th. 3 times more than Austria
Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Percent of population of African descent 0.2%
Ranked 32nd. 20 times more than Ukraine
0.01%
Ranked 33th.
Immigration > Visa overstay rate > Australia 0.34
Ranked 141st.
1.32
Ranked 78th. 4 times more than Austria

Population in urban agglomerations > More than 1 million 2.26 million
Ranked 59th.
6.15 million
Ranked 35th. 3 times more than Austria

Gender development 0.921
Ranked 15th. 24% more than Ukraine
0.744
Ranked 64th.
Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Any method > Percentage 69.6%
Ranked 6th. 4% more than Ukraine
66.7%
Ranked 9th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Contraception use among married women > Condom 14%
Ranked 3rd.
23.8%
Ranked 4th. 70% more than Austria

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Male 15 years
Ranked 34th. The same as Ukraine
15 years
Ranked 37th.
Median age > Male 42.8 years
Ranked 8th. 15% more than Ukraine
37.1 years
Ranked 52nd.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 16 years
Ranked 14th. 7% more than Ukraine
15 years
Ranked 23th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Teen marriage rate > Men 0.0
Ranked 23th.
3
Ranked 9th.
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female 16 years
Ranked 14th. 7% more than Ukraine
15 years
Ranked 23th.
Density and urbanisation > Rural population 2.73 million
Ranked 89th.
14.7 million
Ranked 32nd. 5 times more than Austria

Urban and rural population > Rural gender ratio 101.2
Ranked 24th.
114.8
Ranked 1st. 13% more than Austria

Urban and rural population > Urban gender ratio 109.3
Ranked 16th.
117.1
Ranked 4th. 7% more than Austria

Age structure > 0-14 years > From total 14.8%
Ranked 202nd. 6% more than Ukraine
13.9%
Ranked 211th.

Age structure > 15-64 years > Females per 1000 330.26
Ranked 75th.
362.49
Ranked 19th. 10% more than Austria

Age structure > 65 years and over > Females per 1000 102.64
Ranked 13th.
106.13
Ranked 8th. 3% more than Austria

Age structure > 65 years and over > Females 855,741
Ranked 50th.
4.91 million
Ranked 13th. 6 times more than Austria

Charity > World Giving Index > Donated money, percent 53%
Ranked 17th. 8 times more than Ukraine
7%
Ranked 132nd.
Female population > Age 15-19 234,259
Ranked 109th.
1.69 million
Ranked 31st. 7 times more than Austria
Median age > Female 44.9 years
Ranked 6th. 3% more than Ukraine
43.5 years
Ranked 21st.

Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita > Cubic meters 6,529.25
Ranked 64th. 6 times more than Ukraine
1,161.77
Ranked 124th.

Cities > Rate of urbanization 0.7%
Ranked 169th.
-0.7%
Ranked 222nd.
Sanitation facility access > Improved > Urban 100% of population
Ranked 11th. 4% more than Ukraine
96% of population
Ranked 74th.

Migration > Refugee population by country or territory of origin > Per capita 1.71 per 1 million people
Ranked 168th.
617.99 per 1 million people
Ranked 55th. 362 times more than Austria

Gender > Women aged 15-49 per thousand people 243.53
Ranked 119th.
257.79
Ranked 78th. 6% more than Austria

Fertility > Mortality rate, under-5, male > Per 1,000 live births 4.4
Ranked 173th.
12
Ranked 129th. 3 times more than Austria

Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > British citizens Visa not required Visa not required
Future population > Males per thousand people 494.23
Ranked 95th. 9% more than Ukraine
453.09
Ranked 178th.
International migrant stock, total 1.31 million
Ranked 33th.
5.26 million
Ranked 11th. 4 times more than Austria

International migrant stock, total per 1000 156.17
Ranked 40th. 36% more than Ukraine
114.62
Ranked 57th.

Male population > Age 95-99 per million 293.03
Ranked 12th. 4 times more than Ukraine
76.64
Ranked 38th.
Women > Maternal mortality ratio adjusted 4
Ranked 163th.
35
Ranked 119th. 9 times more than Austria
Immigration > Destination countries of nationalities and ethnic groups > Jews > Enlarged Jewish population 15,000
Ranked 28th.
130,000
Ranked 11th. 9 times more than Austria

Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in: rate varies by country 18,200
Ranked 5th. 8 times more than Ukraine
2,200
Ranked 51st.

Immigration > Ethnic Fractionalization Index per million people 0.0155
Ranked 111th. 77% more than Ukraine
0.00876
Ranked 120th.
Fertility > Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given 69
Ranked 24th. 3 times more than Ukraine
25
Ranked 120th.
Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Norway 1,201
Ranked 64th.
3,801
Ranked 36th. 3 times more than Austria
Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged 30 to 39 0.1%
Ranked 37th.
0.4%
Ranked 11th. 4 times more than Austria

Age structure > 65 years and over > Males per 1000 71.9
Ranked 9th. 34% more than Ukraine
53.81
Ranked 42nd.

Age structure > 0-14 years > Females 592,131
Ranked 113th.
3.11 million
Ranked 53th. 5 times more than Austria

Charity > World Giving Index > Helped a stranger, percent 47%
Ranked 58th. 31% more than Ukraine
36%
Ranked 109th.
Immigration > Nationality compositions of > Canada 20,795
Ranked 53th.
59,460
Ranked 28th. 3 times more than Austria
Total Population > Female 4.2 million
Ranked 90th.
25.14 million
Ranked 24th. 6 times more than Austria
Male population > Age 90-94 per million 1,259.75
Ranked 16th. 3 times more than Ukraine
378.9
Ranked 38th.
Migration > International migrant stock > Total 1.16 million
Ranked 32nd.
5.39 million
Ranked 10th. 5 times more than Austria

Future population > Females per thousand people 512.01
Ranked 68th.
531.62
Ranked 33th. 4% more than Austria
Gender > Gender ratio aged over 80 248.3
Ranked 19th.
342.6
Ranked 6th. 38% more than Austria

Gender > Gender ratio aged over 65 150.8
Ranked 27th.
194.4
Ranked 5th. 29% more than Austria

Gender ratio > Aged over 60 137.5%
Ranked 35th.
182%
Ranked 6th. 32% more than Austria

Female population > Age 25-29 242,673
Ranked 103th.
1.71 million
Ranked 27th. 7 times more than Austria
Male population > Age 25-29 248,217
Ranked 103th.
1.74 million
Ranked 27th. 7 times more than Austria
Female population > Age 30-34 per 1000 33.84
Ranked 128th.
35.98
Ranked 93th. 6% more than Austria
Male population > Age 15-19 per 1000 29.96
Ranked 190th.
37.7
Ranked 153th. 26% more than Austria
Total population > Age 100-104 1,460
Ranked 19th.
2,002
Ranked 17th. 37% more than Austria
Female population > Age 10-14 per 1000 28.3
Ranked 176th. 5% more than Ukraine
26.98
Ranked 183th.
Total population > Age 15-19 per 1000 58.43
Ranked 190th.
73.67
Ranked 154th. 26% more than Austria
Total population > Age 10-14 per 1000 58.09
Ranked 176th. 5% more than Ukraine
55.32
Ranked 184th.
Female population > Age 15-19 per 1000 28.47
Ranked 189th.
35.97
Ranked 154th. 26% more than Austria
Total population > Age 80-84 per 1000 27.25
Ranked 11th. 39% more than Ukraine
19.63
Ranked 42nd.
Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > British citizens > Notes Freedom of movement 90 days
Labor force participation rate, male > % of male population ages 15-64 81.5%
Ranked 73th. 11% more than Ukraine
73.2%
Ranked 153th.

Immigration > Visas > Visa requirements for > Austrian citizens > Fee n/a n/a
Total population > Age 65-69 per 1000 52.94
Ranked 12th.
63.65
Ranked 2nd. 20% more than Austria
Population, female > % of total 51.21%
Ranked 36th.
53.9%
Ranked 4th. 5% more than Austria

Total population > Age 40-44 718,306
Ranked 68th.
3.38 million
Ranked 23th. 5 times more than Austria
Total population > Age 70-74 305,798
Ranked 56th.
1.71 million
Ranked 14th. 6 times more than Austria
Total population > Age 30-34 > % of the total 6.74
Ranked 140th.
7.22
Ranked 103th. 7% more than Austria
Rights of the Child Convention > Ratification Dates 6 Aug 1992 28 Aug 1991
Widows > Proportion of age group > Rural > Men > Aged 30 to 39 0.1%
Ranked 21st.
0.3%
Ranked 9th. 3 times more than Austria

Widows > Proportion of age group > Urban > Men > Aged 30 to 39 0.1%
Ranked 20th.
0.4%
Ranked 6th. 4 times more than Austria

Widows > Proportion of age group > Rural > Women > Aged 40 to 59 4.7%
Ranked 14th.
12.6%
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than Austria

Widows > Proportion of age group > All > Men > Aged 40 to 59 1%
Ranked 29th.
2.1%
Ranked 8th. 2 times more than Austria

Total population > Age 20-24 496,951
Ranked 107th.
3.84 million
Ranked 26th. 8 times more than Austria
Urban and rural > Males living in cities proper per thousand people 98.19
Ranked 5th. 36 times more than Ukraine
2.73
Ranked 11th.

Urban and rural > Male urban population per thousand people 318.92
Ranked 32nd. 1% more than Ukraine
315.55
Ranked 11th.

Marriage, divorce and children > Urban marriages 24,921
Ranked 13th.
270,245
Ranked 5th. 11 times more than Austria

Male population > Age 70-74 135,627
Ranked 58th.
630,563
Ranked 18th. 5 times more than Austria
Female population > Age 90-94 31,362
Ranked 21st.
86,086
Ranked 11th. 3 times more than Austria
Urban and rural > Males living in urban agglomerations 866,074
Ranked 1st. 16 times more than Ukraine
53,856
Ranked 4th.

Dynamics > Population growth > Annual % 0.33%
Ranked 165th.
-0.54%
Ranked 193th.

Female population > Age 95-99 per million 1,103.09
Ranked 12th. 3 times more than Ukraine
437.66
Ranked 35th.
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female None None
Note Austria was home to Gustav Klimt, famed for his erotic paintings, such as The Kiss A Ukrainian naval dancer performs in Sevastopol, which is home to Russia's Black Sea Fleet
Fertility > Mortality rate, neonatal > Per 1,000 live births 2.4
Ranked 171st.
5
Ranked 141st. 2 times more than Austria

Improved water source, rural > % of rural population with access 100%
Ranked 8th. 2% more than Ukraine
97.7%
Ranked 60th.

Fertility > Lifetime risk of maternal death > % 0.00548%
Ranked 177th.
0.0459%
Ranked 130th. 8 times more than Austria

Fertility > Maternal mortality ratio > Modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births 4
Ranked 176th.
32
Ranked 118th. 8 times more than Austria

SOURCES: United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. 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Source tables; World Development Indicators database; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=GenderStat&f=inID%3a12, Abortion rate; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; CIA World Factbook 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; UN (United Nations). 2002. World Urbanization Prospects: The 2001 Revision. Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. New York; United Nations Population Division, World Population Prospects 2008.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Population Reference Bureau, 2001 World Population Data Sheet, Washington, DC: PRB, 2001. via ciesin.org; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat, World Urbanization Prospects: The 2003 Revision, Data Tables and Highlights. Estimates and projections of urban and rural populations are made by the Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat and published every two years. These estimates and projections are based on national census or survey data that have been evaluated and, whenever necessary, adjusted for deficiencies and inconsistencies; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division, World Population Prospects.; Human Development Reports, United Nations 2002; Food and Agriculture Organisation and World Bank population estimates.; http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_GenderGap_Report_2012.pdf. World Economic Forum, 2012. Table 3a, p. 8 ff.; United Nations Development Programme. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Statistical Yearbook and data files, complemented by statistics on Palestinian refugees under the mandate of the UNRWA as published on its website. Data from UNHCR are available online at: www.unhcr.org/statistics/populationdatabase.; World Bank staff estimates based on IMF balance of payments data.; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Repot (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Source tables, Population projections.; CIA World Factbook 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Food and Agriculture Organization; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Wikipedia: Marriageable age (Africa); Population Division of the United Nations Secretariat, World Urbanization Prospects: The 2001 Revision, Data Tables and Highlights (ESA/P/WP.173, 20 March 2002); Estimates developed by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UNICEF, WHO, World Bank, UN DESA Population Division) at www.childmortality.org.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Ethnic and Cultural Diversity By Country. James D. Faeron. Journal of Economic Growth, 8, 195-222, 2003, p. 215 ff.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Trends in Maternal Mortality: 1990-2010. Estimates Developed by WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA and the World Bank.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: Russian diaspora (Statistics); United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; World Bank national accounts data; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank Staff estimates based on United Nations, World Urbanisation Prospects.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: List of countries by refugee population (By Country of Asylum); The Office of the High Commissioner for Human RIghts; Demographia World Urban Areas (Built-Up Urban Areas and World Agglomerations): 10th Annual Edition, May 2014 Revision, Table 1, p. 20 ff.); United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2177.html, median age; Wikipedia: List of urban areas by population (Number of urban areas by country) (Demographia World Urban Areas (World Agglomerations): 9th Annual Edition, March 2013); Estimates developed by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UNICEF, WHO, World Bank, UN DESA Population Division) at www.childmortality.org. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center Spanish Statistical Institute. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Wikipedia: World Giving Index (World Giving Index); Wikipedia: Immigration to Canada (Canadian permanent resident population by country of birth) ([1] , Place of birth for the immigrant population by period of immigration, 2006 counts and percentages [1] , Population by immigrant status and period of immigration, 2006 counts, for Canada, provinces and territories); Wikipedia: Marriageable age (South America); United Nations Statistics Division Original html; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects. New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (advanced Excel tables). Available at http://esa.un.org/wpp/unpp/panel_population.htm, (2) University of California, Berkeley, and Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research. Human Mortality Database. [ www.mortality.org or www.humanmortality.de].; Ethnic and Cultural Diversity By Country. James D. Faeron. Journal of Economic Growth, 8, 195-222, 2003, p. 215 ff.; Wikipedia: African diaspora (Estimated population and distribution); Wikipedia: Visa policy of Australia (Modified Non-Return Rate) (Modified Non-Return Rate Quarterly Report Ending at 30 June 2013, ); United Nations Statistics Division; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; The data on urban population shares used to estimate rural population come from the United Nations, World Urbanisation Prospects. Total population figures are World Bank estimates.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center; Food and Agriculture Organization; Wikipedia: Urbanization by country (Countries) ([1] United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs); United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: Visa requirements for British citizens (Visa requirements); Source tables, Population projections. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division, Trends in Total Migrant Stock: 2008 Revision.; United Nations Population Division, Trends in Total Migrant Stock: 2008 Revision. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UNICEF; https://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&q=cache:Rv2hLhme008J:www.jewishdatabank.org/Reports/World_Jewish_Population_2010.pdf+world+jewish+population+2010&hl=en&gl=us&pid=bl&srcid=ADGEEShFmlEo2XYeBjYVUGgz_STm8ZXvaFqIMHdpfxUC8uWpDuLqb9l7GvJbF2piXHqxgDaGkOY3jfCA_RkpUlKLSByoSQC3cLV-5LcpxgXggqUIYwzK9hdfmwVv4Sz0BdeFMxJ_-2To&sig=AHIEtbT5tVUek4PSi_N_5f0Dwe-11sBzMg, Number 2 - 2010. The Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Sergio DellaPergola. p. 60.; Ethnic and Cultural Diversity By Country. James D. Faeron. Journal of Economic Growth, 8, 195-222, 2003, p. 215 ff. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; http://www.ssb.no/en/innvbef; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2006/dp-pd/hlt/97-557/T404-eng.cfm?Lang=E&T=404&GH=4&GF=1&SC=1&S=1&O=D; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, International Programs Center Spanish Statistical Institute; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.; Wikipedia: Visa requirements for Austrian citizens (Americas); The United Nations Population Division's World Population Prospects.; The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=GenderStat&f=inID%3a24, Percent widowed in age group.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Derived from total population. Population source: (1) United Nations Population Division. 2009. World Population Prospects: The 2008 Revision. New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (advanced Excel tables). Available at http://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp2008/index.htm. (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, (5) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database, and (6) World bank estimates based on the data from the sources above, household surveys conducted by national agencies, Macro International, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and refugees statistics from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.; British Broadcasting Corporation 2014; WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) for Water Supply and Sanitation (http://www.wssinfo.org/).