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Military Stats: compare key data on Canada & United States

Edsel.G

Author: Edsel.G

Canada and the United States are nearly inseparable. They are so linked it is sometimes hard to think they are two separate countries. But they are, and neither one wants to be part of the other.

Economically, the two countries are giants. While Canada’s economy is far from that of the US, it is still very stable and very capable. Militarily, both countries are so much linked that their internal policies require each other’s army to come to the aid of the other (Canada gets most of its weapons from the US). Thus, a conflict between the two is truly hard to imagine, in not utterly impossible.

But, for the sake of argument, let us compare the armed services of the two. For the sake of argument, let us say that the two countries are on the verge of war. One need not look long and hard to determine which side will be the winner. Statistically, the US is ahead in everything, and the lead in everything is huge. For instance, Canada has 201 operational tanks, the US has a whooping 8,325 M1 Abrams. Canada has 4 advanced diesel subs, while the US has 72 nuclear-powered submarines.

Of course, numbers are not everything. Statistics will tell us that North Korea has the most number of naval assets, but most of these are small patrol boats armed with machine guns. This does not make NoKor’s navy the world’s most powerful. However, in a contest between the US and Canada, both countries possess highly advanced materiel. So, essentially, the US is the apparent and unquestionable winner.

Definitions

  • Air force > Combat aircraft: Number of fighter aircrafts (fixed wing aircrafts with combat capability).
  • Arms trade > Arms exports, top countries: Compares the world's largest arms exporters, in millions of US Dollars. Data corresponds to the year 2010, and was compiled by SIPRI (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute), a think tank dedicated to the research of conflict, armaments, arms control and disarmament in the world, with presence in Stockholm, Beijing and Washington DC.
  • Army > Attack helicopters: Number of attack helicopter (includes helicopters that have some attacking capabilities).
  • Army > Main battle tanks: Number of main battle tanks.
  • Budget: Annual defense budget in billion USD.
  • Global Peace Index: The Global Peace Index is comprised of 22 indicators in the three categories ongoing domestic or international conflicts; societal safety; and security and militarization. A low index value indicates a peaceful and safe country.
  • Military service age and obligation: This entry gives the required ages for voluntary or conscript military service and the length of service obligation.
  • Navy > Aircraft carriers: Number of aircraft carriers.
  • Navy > Corvette warships: Number of corvettes.
  • Navy > Nuclear submarines: Number of nuclear submarines.
  • Navy > Submarines: Number of patrol boats (includes minesweepers).
  • Paramilitary personnel: Paramilitary.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Personnel > Per capita: Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organization, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Service age and obligation: This entry gives the required ages for voluntary or conscript military service and the length of sevice obligation.
  • War deaths: Battle-related deaths are deaths in battle-related conflicts between warring parties in the conflict dyad (two conflict units that are parties to a conflict). Typically, battle-related deaths occur in warfare involving the armed forces of the warring parties. This includes traditional battlefield fighting, guerrilla activities, and all kinds of bombardments of military units, cities, and villages, etc. The targets are usually the military itself and its installations or state institutions and state representatives, but there is often substantial collateral damage in the form of civilians being killed in crossfire, in indiscriminate bombings, etc. All deaths--military as well as civilian--incurred in such situations, are counted as battle-related deaths."
  • Armed forces personnel: Total armed forces (2000)
  • Military expenditures: This entry gives spending on defense programs for the most recent year available as a percent of gross domestic product (GDP); the GDP is calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in terms of purchasing power parity (PPP). For countries with no military forces, this figure can include expenditures on public security and police.
  • Military branches: This entry lists the service branches subordinate to defense ministries or the equivalent (typically ground, naval, air, and marine forces).
  • Expenditures > Percent of GDP: Current military expenditures as an estimated percent of gross domestic product (GDP).
  • Armed forces personnel > Total: Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organisation, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces."
  • Personnel: Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organization, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces.
  • Navy > Frigates: Number of frigates.
  • Navy > Destroyers: Number of destroyers.
  • Navy > Cruisers: Number of cruisers.
  • Branches: The names of the ground, naval, air, marine, and other defense or security forces
  • Arms trade > Arms exports, top countries per million people: Compares the world's largest arms exporters, in millions of US Dollars. Data corresponds to the year 2010, and was compiled by SIPRI (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute), a think tank dedicated to the research of conflict, armaments, arms control and disarmament in the world, with presence in Stockholm, Beijing and Washington DC. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Military expenditure > Current LCU: Military expenditures data from SIPRI are derived from the NATO definition, which includes all current and capital expenditures on the armed forces, including peacekeeping forces; defense ministries and other government agencies engaged in defense projects; paramilitary forces, if these are judged to be trained and equipped for military operations; and military space activities. Such expenditures include military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions of military personnel and social services for personnel; operation and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid (in the military expenditures of the donor country). Excluded are civil defense and current expenditures for previous military activities, such as for veterans' benefits, demobilisation, conversion, and destruction of weapons. This definition cannot be applied for all countries, however, since that would require much more detailed information than is available about what is included in military budgets and off-budget military expenditure items. (For example, military budgets might or might not cover civil defense, reserves and auxiliary forces, police and paramilitary forces, dual-purpose forces such as military and civilian police, military grants in kind, pensions for military personnel, and social security contributions paid by one part of government to another.)"
  • Highest military decorations > Name: Name of each country’s highest military decoration.
  • Air force > Aircraft carriers > Total: Total amount of aircraft carriers possessed by each country. 
  • Manpower reaching military age annually > Males: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching military age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults.
  • Gulf War Coalition Forces: Number of troops who served on active duty in the Gulf War theater of operations between August 2, 1990, and June 13, 1991.
  • NATO > NATO reserves provided: Reserve personnel.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Armed forces personnel per 1000: Total armed forces (2000). Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Males: The number of draft-age males and females entering the military manpower pool in any given year and is a measure of the availability of draft-age young adults.
  • Expenditure > Current LCU: Military expenditures data from SIPRI are derived from the NATO definition, which includes all current and capital expenditures on the armed forces, including peacekeeping forces; defense ministries and other government agencies engaged in defense projects; paramilitary forces, if these are judged to be trained and equipped for military operations; and military space activities. Such expenditures include military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions of military personnel and social services for personnel; operation and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid (in the military expenditures of the donor country). Excluded are civil defense and current expenditures for previous military activities, such as for veterans' benefits, demobilization, conversion, and destruction of weapons. This definition cannot be applied for all countries, however, since that would require much more detailed information than is available about what is included in military budgets and off-budget military expenditure items. (For example, military budgets might or might not cover civil defense, reserves and auxiliary forces, police and paramilitary forces, dual-purpose forces such as military and civilian police, military grants in kind, pensions for military personnel, and social security contributions paid by one part of government to another.)
  • Personnel per 1000: Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organization, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Nuclear weapons > Non-Proliferation treaty sign date: Signed.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Conscription: A description of the status of conscription in the nation in 1997.
  • Armed forces growth: Growth in the number of armed forces personnel from 1985 (index = 100) to 2000. 100 means no growth, 50 means it halved and 200 means it doubled.
  • Imports > USD: Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services."
  • Defence spending > Percent of GDP: Defense expenditure as percentage of GDP. Figures are for the year 2010.
  • Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$: Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services.
  • Military expenditures > Percent of GDP: This entry gives spending on defense programs for the most recent year available as a percent of gross domestic product (GDP); the GDP is calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in terms of purchasing power parity (PPP). For countries with no military forces, this figure can include expenditures on public security and police.
  • Conventional arms > Exports: Conventional arms transfers (1990 prices) - Exports (US$ millions) Refers to the voluntary transfer by the supplier (and thus excludes captured weapons and weapons obtained through defectors) of weapons with a military purpose destined for the armed forces, paramilitary forces or intelligence agencies of another country. These include major conventional weapons or systems in six categories: ships, aircraft, missiles, artillery, armoured vehicles and guidance and radar systems (excluded are trucks, services, ammunition, small arms, support items, components and component technology and towed or naval artillery under 100-millimetre calibre).
  • Terrorism > 2002 Bali bombing deaths: Amount of citizens from each country who were killed in the 2002 Bali bombings. In all, 202 people were killed.
  • Weapon holdings per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Military spending > 2009 > USD billions: Defense expenditure of some countries in the year 2010.
  • Arms > Exports > Constant 1990 US$: Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services.
  • Exports > USD: Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services."
  • Gulf War Coalition Forces per million: Number of troops who served on active duty in the Gulf War theater of operations between August 2, 1990, and June 13, 1991. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Conventional arms > Exports per capita: Conventional arms transfers (1990 prices) - Exports (US$ millions) Refers to the voluntary transfer by the supplier (and thus excludes captured weapons and weapons obtained through defectors) of weapons with a military purpose destined for the armed forces, paramilitary forces or intelligence agencies of another country. These include major conventional weapons or systems in six categories: ships, aircraft, missiles, artillery, armoured vehicles and guidance and radar systems (excluded are trucks, services, ammunition, small arms, support items, components and component technology and towed or naval artillery under 100-millimetre calibre). Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Manpower reaching military age annually > Males per thousand people: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching military age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Conventional arms imports: Conventional arms transfers (1990 prices) - Imports (US$ millions) Refers to the voluntary transfer by the supplier (and thus excludes captured weapons and weapons obtained through defectors) of weapons with a military purpose destined for the armed forces, paramilitary forces or intelligence agencies of another country. These include major conventional weapons or systems in six categories: ships, aircraft, missiles, artillery, armoured vehicles and guidance and radar systems (excluded are trucks, services, ammunition, small arms, support items, components and component technology and towed or naval artillery under 100-millimetre calibre).
  • Terrorism > 2002 Bali bombing deaths per million people: Amount of citizens from each country who were killed in the 2002 Bali bombings. In all, 202 people were killed. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Manpower > Military age: The minimum age at which an individual may volunteer for military service or be subject to conscription.
  • Conventional arms > Exports > Per $ GDP: Conventional arms transfers (1990 prices) - Exports (US$ millions) Refers to the voluntary transfer by the supplier (and thus excludes captured weapons and weapons obtained through defectors) of weapons with a military purpose destined for the armed forces, paramilitary forces or intelligence agencies of another country. These include major conventional weapons or systems in six categories: ships, aircraft, missiles, artillery, armoured vehicles and guidance and radar systems (excluded are trucks, services, ammunition, small arms, support items, components and component technology and towed or naval artillery under 100-millimetre calibre). Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Manpower reaching military service age annually > Males age 18-49: This entry gives the number of draft-age males and females entering the military manpower pool in any given year and is a measure of the availability of draft-age young adults.
  • Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Males: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults.
  • Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$ per capita: Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Arms > Exports > Constant 1990 US$ > Per capita: Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Aid to Afghanistan > Total development aid > Estimates: Estimates of total development aid to Afghanistan over a four year period, in USD. Does not include charitable donations or other non-governmental donations. NOTE: The European Community is estimated to have given over $114 billion over the past four years. Other donations include the UN Development Programme pledging $7,268,507,000; Microsoft pledging $65,000,000; and $47,000,000.
  • Employment in arms > Production per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Aid to Afghanistan > Gross disbursements as a percent of ODA: Percent of all gross disbursments of official development aid which goes to Afghanistan, 2003-2004. NOTE: The total percent to Afghanistan from all donor countries is 1.7%.
  • Manpower > Availability > Males age 15-49: The total numbers of males aged 15-49. This statistic assumes that every individual is fit to serve.
  • Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$ > Per capita: Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Conventional arms imports per capita: Conventional arms transfers (1990 prices) - Imports (US$ millions) Refers to the voluntary transfer by the supplier (and thus excludes captured weapons and weapons obtained through defectors) of weapons with a military purpose destined for the armed forces, paramilitary forces or intelligence agencies of another country. These include major conventional weapons or systems in six categories: ships, aircraft, missiles, artillery, armoured vehicles and guidance and radar systems (excluded are trucks, services, ammunition, small arms, support items, components and component technology and towed or naval artillery under 100-millimetre calibre). Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Allies of World War I > Personnel and casualties > Wounded in action per 1000: Troops of allied powers wounded in action in World War I. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Commitment to Development Index (security): The Commitment to Development Index (CDI) ranks the world’s richest countries on their commitment to policies that benefit the poorer nations. The security component of the CDI considers military actions that affect developing countries, favoring three aspects of the security-development nexus: 1. Financial and personnel contributions to peacekeeping operations and forcible humanitarian interventions. 2. Deployment of naval fleets to platrol sea lanes. 3. Collaboration with international security regimes that promote non-proliferation, disarmament and international rule of law. Finally, the CDI penalizes some exports of arms to nations, especially ones that are undemocratic and spend heavily on the military.
  • Manpower reaching military age annually > Females per thousand people: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching military age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Manpower reaching military age annually > Females: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching military age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults.
  • Manpower > Availability > Males age 15-49 per 1000: The total numbers of males aged 15-49. This statistic assumes that every individual is fit to serve. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Iraq pledges of reconstruction aid: Amount pledged by donor countries for reconstruction in Iraq, as of December 31, 2005. NOTES ON PLEDGES OF RECONSTRUCTION AID TABLE: The European Commission has pledged $518,119,988, which includes an additional January 2005 pledge of 200 million Euros (approximately $260 million), not yet formally committed to UNDG or World Bank Iraqi Trust Fund. Not incuded in this graph is $65,000,000 in additional pledges from Kuwait. "The World Bank, United Nations and CPA estimated Iraq will need $56 billion for reconstruction and stabilization efforts from 2004 to 2007, but that estimate is probably too low." -Brookings Institute. UPDATE ON 2003 MADRID CONFERENCE PLEDGES: Of the $13.5 billion pledged by donors other than the United States, $3.2 billion has been disbursed as of December 2005. The figure for the United States is derived from the IRRF 1 and 2. Status of the IRRF 2 as of January 6, 2006: $16.9 billion as been committed, and just over $10.1 billion has been expended.
  • Manpower reaching military service age annually > Males age 18-49 per 1000: This entry gives the number of draft-age males and females entering the military manpower pool in any given year and is a measure of the availability of draft-age young adults. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Allies of World War I > Personnel and casualties > Wounded in action: Troops of allied powers wounded in action in World War I.
  • Conventional arms imports > Per $ GDP: Conventional arms transfers (1990 prices) - Imports (US$ millions) Refers to the voluntary transfer by the supplier (and thus excludes captured weapons and weapons obtained through defectors) of weapons with a military purpose destined for the armed forces, paramilitary forces or intelligence agencies of another country. These include major conventional weapons or systems in six categories: ships, aircraft, missiles, artillery, armoured vehicles and guidance and radar systems (excluded are trucks, services, ammunition, small arms, support items, components and component technology and towed or naval artillery under 100-millimetre calibre). Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Personnel > % of total labor force: Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organization, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces. Labor force comprises all people who meet the International Labour Organization's definition of the economically active population.
  • Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Males per 1000: The number of draft-age males and females entering the military manpower pool in any given year and is a measure of the availability of draft-age young adults. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Expenditure > % of GDP: Military expenditures data from SIPRI are derived from the NATO definition, which includes all current and capital expenditures on the armed forces, including peacekeeping forces; defense ministries and other government agencies engaged in defense projects; paramilitary forces, if these are judged to be trained and equipped for military operations; and military space activities. Such expenditures include military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions of military personnel and social services for personnel; operation and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid (in the military expenditures of the donor country). Excluded are civil defense and current expenditures for previous military activities, such as for veterans' benefits, demobilization, conversion, and destruction of weapons. This definition cannot be applied for all countries, however, since that would require much more detailed information than is available about what is included in military budgets and off-budget military expenditure items. (For example, military budgets might or might not cover civil defense, reserves and auxiliary forces, police and paramilitary forces, dual-purpose forces such as military and civilian police, military grants in kind, pensions for military personnel, and social security contributions paid by one part of government to another.)
  • Aid to Afghanistan > Total development aid > Estimates per capita: Estimates of total development aid to Afghanistan over a four year period, in USD. Does not include charitable donations or other non-governmental donations. NOTE: The European Community is estimated to have given over $114 billion over the past four years. Other donations include the UN Development Programme pledging $7,268,507,000; Microsoft pledging $65,000,000; and $47,000,000. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Defence minister: Name of defence minister.
  • Armed forces personnel > % of total labor force: Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organisation, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces. Labor force comprises all people who meet the International Labour Organisation's definition of the economically active population."
  • Conventional arms > Exports, % of GDP: Conventional arms transfers (1990 prices) - Exports (US$ millions) Refers to the voluntary transfer by the supplier (and thus excludes captured weapons and weapons obtained through defectors) of weapons with a military purpose destined for the armed forces, paramilitary forces or intelligence agencies of another country. These include major conventional weapons or systems in six categories: ships, aircraft, missiles, artillery, armoured vehicles and guidance and radar systems (excluded are trucks, services, ammunition, small arms, support items, components and component technology and towed or naval artillery under 100-millimetre calibre). Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Conventional arms imports, % of GDP: Conventional arms transfers (1990 prices) - Imports (US$ millions) Refers to the voluntary transfer by the supplier (and thus excludes captured weapons and weapons obtained through defectors) of weapons with a military purpose destined for the armed forces, paramilitary forces or intelligence agencies of another country. These include major conventional weapons or systems in six categories: ships, aircraft, missiles, artillery, armoured vehicles and guidance and radar systems (excluded are trucks, services, ammunition, small arms, support items, components and component technology and towed or naval artillery under 100-millimetre calibre). Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Females: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults.
  • Manpower > Fit for military service > Males per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Aid to Afghanistan > Total development aid > Estimates, % of GDP: Estimates of total development aid to Afghanistan over a four year period, in USD. Does not include charitable donations or other non-governmental donations. NOTE: The European Community is estimated to have given over $114 billion over the past four years. Other donations include the UN Development Programme pledging $7,268,507,000; Microsoft pledging $65,000,000; and $47,000,000. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Manpower > Availability > Females per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Operation Enduring Freedom > Afghanistan coalition fatalities: Number of fatalities among coalition forces in Operation Enduring Freedom, Afghanistan.
  • Arms > Exports > Constant 1990 US$ per capita: Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Iraq pledges of reconstruction aid > Per $ GDP: Amount pledged by donor countries for reconstruction in Iraq, as of December 31, 2005. NOTES ON PLEDGES OF RECONSTRUCTION AID TABLE: The European Commission has pledged $518,119,988, which includes an additional January 2005 pledge of 200 million Euros (approximately $260 million), not yet formally committed to UNDG or World Bank Iraqi Trust Fund. Not incuded in this graph is $65,000,000 in additional pledges from Kuwait. "The World Bank, United Nations and CPA estimated Iraq will need $56 billion for reconstruction and stabilization efforts from 2004 to 2007, but that estimate is probably too low." -Brookings Institute. UPDATE ON 2003 MADRID CONFERENCE PLEDGES: Of the $13.5 billion pledged by donors other than the United States, $3.2 billion has been disbursed as of December 2005. The figure for the United States is derived from the IRRF 1 and 2. Status of the IRRF 2 as of January 6, 2006: $16.9 billion as been committed, and just over $10.1 billion has been expended. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 100,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Manpower > Availability > Males per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Males per thousand people: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Females per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Females per thousand people: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Iraq pledges of reconstruction aid, % of GDP: Amount pledged by donor countries for reconstruction in Iraq, as of December 31, 2005. NOTES ON PLEDGES OF RECONSTRUCTION AID TABLE: The European Commission has pledged $518,119,988, which includes an additional January 2005 pledge of 200 million Euros (approximately $260 million), not yet formally committed to UNDG or World Bank Iraqi Trust Fund. Not incuded in this graph is $65,000,000 in additional pledges from Kuwait. "The World Bank, United Nations and CPA estimated Iraq will need $56 billion for reconstruction and stabilization efforts from 2004 to 2007, but that estimate is probably too low." -Brookings Institute. UPDATE ON 2003 MADRID CONFERENCE PLEDGES: Of the $13.5 billion pledged by donors other than the United States, $3.2 billion has been disbursed as of December 2005. The figure for the United States is derived from the IRRF 1 and 2. Status of the IRRF 2 as of January 6, 2006: $16.9 billion as been committed, and just over $10.1 billion has been expended. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Manpower > Fit for military service > Females per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Iraq pledges of reconstruction aid per capita: Amount pledged by donor countries for reconstruction in Iraq, as of December 31, 2005. NOTES ON PLEDGES OF RECONSTRUCTION AID TABLE: The European Commission has pledged $518,119,988, which includes an additional January 2005 pledge of 200 million Euros (approximately $260 million), not yet formally committed to UNDG or World Bank Iraqi Trust Fund. Not incuded in this graph is $65,000,000 in additional pledges from Kuwait. "The World Bank, United Nations and CPA estimated Iraq will need $56 billion for reconstruction and stabilization efforts from 2004 to 2007, but that estimate is probably too low." -Brookings Institute. UPDATE ON 2003 MADRID CONFERENCE PLEDGES: Of the $13.5 billion pledged by donors other than the United States, $3.2 billion has been disbursed as of December 2005. The figure for the United States is derived from the IRRF 1 and 2. Status of the IRRF 2 as of January 6, 2006: $16.9 billion as been committed, and just over $10.1 billion has been expended. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Military expenditure > % of GDP: Military expenditures data from SIPRI are derived from the NATO definition, which includes all current and capital expenditures on the armed forces, including peacekeeping forces; defense ministries and other government agencies engaged in defense projects; paramilitary forces, if these are judged to be trained and equipped for military operations; and military space activities. Such expenditures include military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions of military personnel and social services for personnel; operation and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid (in the military expenditures of the donor country). Excluded are civil defense and current expenditures for previous military activities, such as for veterans' benefits, demobilisation, conversion, and destruction of weapons. This definition cannot be applied for all countries, however, since that would require much more detailed information than is available about what is included in military budgets and off-budget military expenditure items. (For example, military budgets might or might not cover civil defense, reserves and auxiliary forces, police and paramilitary forces, dual-purpose forces such as military and civilian police, military grants in kind, pensions for military personnel, and social security contributions paid by one part of government to another.)"
  • Aid to Afghanistan > Total development aid > Estimates > Per $ GDP: Estimates of total development aid to Afghanistan over a four year period, in USD. Does not include charitable donations or other non-governmental donations. NOTE: The European Community is estimated to have given over $114 billion over the past four years. Other donations include the UN Development Programme pledging $7,268,507,000; Microsoft pledging $65,000,000; and $47,000,000. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 10,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Females > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Manpower > Availability > Males age 15-49 > Per capita: The total numbers of males aged 15-49. This statistic assumes that every individual is fit to serve. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Males > Per capita: The number of draft-age males and females entering the military manpower pool in any given year and is a measure of the availability of draft-age young adults. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Expenditure > % of central government expenditure: Military expenditures data from SIPRI are derived from the NATO definition, which includes all current and capital expenditures on the armed forces, including peacekeeping forces; defense ministries and other government agencies engaged in defense projects; paramilitary forces, if these are judged to be trained and equipped for military operations; and military space activities. Such expenditures include military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions of military personnel and social services for personnel; operation and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid (in the military expenditures of the donor country). Excluded are civil defense and current expenditures for previous military activities, such as for veterans' benefits, demobilization, conversion, and destruction of weapons. This definition cannot be applied for all countries, however, since that would require much more detailed information than is available about what is included in military budgets and off-budget military expenditure items. (For example, military budgets might or might not cover civil defense, reserves and auxiliary forces, police and paramilitary forces, dual-purpose forces such as military and civilian police, military grants in kind, pensions for military personnel, and social security contributions paid by one part of government to another.)
  • Operation Enduring Freedom > Afghanistan coalition fatalities per million: Number of fatalities among coalition forces in Operation Enduring Freedom, Afghanistan. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
STAT Canada United States HISTORY
Air force > Combat aircraft 100
Ranked 3rd.
3,318
Ranked 1st. 33 times more than Canada
Arms trade > Arms exports, top countries 276
Ranked 12th.
8,760
Ranked 1st. 32 times more than Canada

Army > Attack helicopters 0.0
Ranked 5th.
6,417
Ranked 1st.
Army > Main battle tanks 235
Ranked 4th.
8,725
Ranked 1st. 37 times more than Canada
Budget 21 US$ BN
Ranked 1st.
682 US$ BN
Ranked 1st. 32 times more than Canada
Global Peace Index 1.31
Ranked 26th.
2.13
Ranked 4th. 63% more than Canada

Military service age and obligation 17 years of age for voluntary male and female military service (with parental consent); 16 years of age for Reserve and Military College applicants; Canadian citizenship or permanent residence status required; maximum 34 years of age; service obligation 3-9 years 18 years of age (17 years of age with parental consent) for male and female voluntary service; no conscription; maximum enlistment age 42 (Army), 27 (Air Force), 34 (Navy), 28 (Marines); service obligation 8 years, including 2-5 years active duty (Army), 2 years active (Navy), 4 years active (Air Force, Marines); DoD is eliminating prohibitions restricting women from assignments in units smaller than brigades or near combat units
Navy > Aircraft carriers 0.0
Ranked 5th.
10
Ranked 1st.
Navy > Corvette warships 5
Ranked 2nd. 3 times more than United States
2
Ranked 8th.
Navy > Nuclear submarines 0.0
Ranked 3rd.
71
Ranked 1st.
Navy > Submarines 1
Ranked 2nd.
2
Ranked 8th. Twice as much as Canada
Paramilitary personnel 4,554
Ranked 77th.
11,035
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than Canada
Personnel > Per capita 2.2 per 1,000 people
Ranked 123th.
5.22 per 1,000 people
Ranked 70th. 2 times more than Canada

Service age and obligation 17 years of age for male and female voluntary military service (with parental consent); 16 years of age for reserve and military college applicants; Canadian citizenship or permanent residence status required; maximum 34 years of age; service obligation 3-9 years 18 years of age (17 years of age with parental consent) for male and female voluntary service; maximum enlistment age 42 (Army), 27 (Air Force), 34 (Navy), 28 (Marines); service obligation 8 years, including 2-5 years active duty (Army), 2 years active (Navy), 4 years active (Air Force, Marines)
War deaths 0.0
Ranked 195th.
0.0
Ranked 73th.

Armed forces personnel 59,000
Ranked 59th.
1.37 million
Ranked 3rd. 23 times more than Canada
Military expenditures 1.1% of GDP
Ranked 29th.
4.6% of GDP
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than Canada
Military branches Canadian Forces: Canadian Army, Royal Canadian Navy, Royal Canadian Air Force, Canada Command (homeland security) United States Armed Forces: US Army, US Navy (includes Marine Corps), US Air Force, US Coast Guard
Expenditures > Percent of GDP 1.1%
Ranked 122nd.
4.06%
Ranked 22nd. 4 times more than Canada
Manpower fit for military service > Males age 16-49 None None
Armed forces personnel > Total 64,000
Ranked 60th.
1.54 million
Ranked 4th. 24 times more than Canada

Personnel 71,000
Ranked 64th.
1.55 million
Ranked 3rd. 22 times more than Canada

Navy > Frigates 12
Ranked 2nd.
26
Ranked 3rd. 2 times more than Canada
Navy > Destroyers 3
Ranked 1st.
62
Ranked 1st. 21 times more than Canada
Navy > Cruisers 0.0
Ranked 3rd.
22
Ranked 1st.
Branches Canadian Forces: Land Forces Command (LFC), Maritime Command (MARCOM), Air Command (AIRCOM), Canada Command (homeland security) US Army, US Navy (includes Marine Corps), US Air Force, US Coast Guard; note - Coast Guard administered in peacetime by the Department of Homeland Security, but in wartime reports to the Department of the Navy
Arms trade > Arms exports, top countries per million people 7.91
Ranked 12th.
27.91
Ranked 5th. 4 times more than Canada

Military expenditure > Current LCU 22.27 billion
Ranked 56th.
661.05 billion
Ranked 13th. 30 times more than Canada

Highest military decorations > Name The Victoria Cross of Canada The Medal of Honor
Air force > Aircraft carriers > Total 3
Ranked 8th.
68
Ranked 1st. 23 times more than Canada
Manpower reaching military age annually > Males 218,069
Ranked 51st.
2.16 million
Ranked 5th. 10 times more than Canada

Gulf War Coalition Forces 2,000
Ranked 14th.
697,000
Ranked 1st. 349 times more than Canada
NATO > NATO reserves provided 47,081
Ranked 17th.
1.46 million
Ranked 1st. 31 times more than Canada
Weapon holdings 1.77 million
Ranked 44th.
38.54 million
Ranked 1st. 22 times more than Canada
Armed forces personnel per 1000 1.92
Ranked 115th.
4.84
Ranked 57th. 3 times more than Canada
Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Males 227,435
Ranked 50th.
2.19 million
Ranked 3rd. 10 times more than Canada

Manpower available for military service > Males age 16-49 None None
Expenditure > Current LCU 15379250000 507089000000
Personnel per 1000 2.2
Ranked 122nd.
5.23
Ranked 70th. 2 times more than Canada

Nuclear weapons > Non-Proliferation treaty sign date 23 Jul 1968 (L, W) 29 Jul 1968 (M) 1 Jul 1968 (L, M, W)
Conscription No <a href=/graph-T/mil_con>conscription</a> (<a href=/encyclopedia/artificial-intelligence>AI</a>). No <a href=/graph-T/mil_con>conscription</a>.
Armed forces growth -29%
Ranked 101st.
-37%
Ranked 107th. 28% more than Canada
Imports > USD 434 million
Ranked 20th.
904 million
Ranked 7th. 2 times more than Canada

Defence spending > Percent of GDP 1.3%
Ranked 11th.
4.3%
Ranked 2nd. 3 times more than Canada
Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$ 112 million constant 1990 US$
Ranked 35th.
387 million constant 1990 US$
Ranked 19th. 3 times more than Canada

NATO > Current members > Date April 4 1949 April 4 1949
Expenditures 1.1% of GDP
Ranked 61st.
4.06% of GDP
Ranked 10th. 4 times more than Canada
Military expenditures > Percent of GDP 1.1% of GDP
Ranked 54th.
4.06% of GDP
Ranked 10th. 4 times more than Canada
Conventional arms > Exports $543.00 million
Ranked 5th.
$5.45 billion
Ranked 2nd. 10 times more than Canada
Terrorism > 2002 Bali bombing deaths 2
Ranked 13th.
7
Ranked 4th. 4 times more than Canada
Weapon holdings per 1000 57.08
Ranked 73th.
135.24
Ranked 43th. 2 times more than Canada
Military spending > 2009 > USD billions 19.2 661
Manpower fit for military service > Females age 16-49 None None
Arms > Exports > Constant 1990 US$ 365 million constant 1990 US$
Ranked 9th.
7.1 billion constant 1990 US$
Ranked 1st. 19 times more than Canada

Employment in arms > Production 25,000
Ranked 24th.
2.32 million
Ranked 2nd. 93 times more than Canada
Exports > USD 215 million
Ranked 15th.
6.16 billion
Ranked 1st. 29 times more than Canada

Gulf War Coalition Forces per million 70.99
Ranked 14th.
2,755.15
Ranked 5th. 39 times more than Canada
Conventional arms > Exports per capita $19.54
Ranked 10th.
$21.84
Ranked 9th. 12% more than Canada
ISAF troops in Afghanistan > 2010-12-14 2,922
Ranked 5th.
90,000
Ranked 1st. 31 times more than Canada
Manpower reaching military age annually > Males per thousand people 6.25
Ranked 176th.
6.89
Ranked 163th. 10% more than Canada

Conventional arms imports $340.00 million
Ranked 14th.
$533.00 million
Ranked 8th. 57% more than Canada
Terrorism > 2002 Bali bombing deaths per million people 0.0638
Ranked 15th. 3 times more than United States
0.0243
Ranked 19th.
Manpower > Availability > Males 8.07 million
Ranked 38th.
72.72 million
Ranked 3rd. 9 times more than Canada

Manpower > Military age 16 years of age 18 years of age
Conventional arms > Exports > Per $ GDP 0.531 per $1,000
Ranked 14th. 14% more than United States
0.464 per $1,000
Ranked 15th.
Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty > Signatures and Ratifications > Signature 24 SEP 1996 24 SEP 1996
Manpower reaching military service age annually > Males age 18-49 223,821
Ranked 41st.
2.14 million
Ranked 4th. 10 times more than Canada
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Males 218,069
Ranked 51st.
2.16 million
Ranked 5th. 10 times more than Canada
Manpower available for military service > Females age 16-49 7755550 None
Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$ per capita 3.47 constant 1990 US$
Ranked 40th. 3 times more than United States
1.31 constant 1990 US$
Ranked 56th.

Arms > Exports > Constant 1990 US$ > Per capita 11,300.66 constant 1990 US$ per 1
Ranked 11th.
23,956.65 constant 1990 US$ per 1
Ranked 5th. 2 times more than Canada

Aid to Afghanistan > Total development aid > Estimates $35.21 billion
Ranked 4th.
$83.44 billion
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than Canada
Military expenditures > Stockholm International Peace Research Institute Figures > Date of information 2005 2005
Employment in arms > Production per 1000 0.804
Ranked 29th.
8.14
Ranked 2nd. 10 times more than Canada
Manpower > Fit for military service > Males 6.65 million
Ranked 34th.
59.41 million
Ranked 3rd. 9 times more than Canada

Manpower > Availability > Females 7.81 million
Ranked 34th.
71.64 million
Ranked 3rd. 9 times more than Canada

Aid to Afghanistan > Gross disbursements as a percent of ODA 2.6%
Ranked 4th.
3.3%
Ranked 1st. 27% more than Canada
Manpower > Availability > Males age 15-49 8.39 million
Ranked 36th.
73.6 million
Ranked 3rd. 9 times more than Canada

Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$ > Per capita 3.47 constant 1990 US$ per c
Ranked 40th. 3 times more than United States
1.31 constant 1990 US$ per c
Ranked 57th.

Conventional arms imports per capita $12.23
Ranked 22nd. 6 times more than United States
$2.14
Ranked 51st.
Allies of World War I > Personnel and casualties > Wounded in action per 1000 4.6
Ranked 7th. 7 times more than United States
0.689
Ranked 11th.
Commitment to Development Index (security) 5.7
Ranked 9th. 24% more than United States
4.6
Ranked 16th.
Manpower reaching military age annually > Females per thousand people 6.04
Ranked 179th.
6.65
Ranked 159th. 10% more than Canada
Manpower reaching military age annually > Females 206,195
Ranked 52nd.
2.06 million
Ranked 5th. 10 times more than Canada
Manpower > Fit for military service > Females 6.42 million
Ranked 32nd.
59.19 million
Ranked 3rd. 9 times more than Canada

ISAF troops in Afghanistan > 2009-12-09 2,830
Ranked 5th.
45,780
Ranked 1st. 16 times more than Canada
Manpower > Availability > Males age 15-49 per 1000 259.69
Ranked 56th. 4% more than United States
249.05
Ranked 85th.

Iraq pledges of reconstruction aid $187.47 million
Ranked 10th.
$20.90 billion
Ranked 1st. 111 times more than Canada
Manpower reaching military service age annually > Males age 18-49 per 1000 6.8
Ranked 114th.
7.12
Ranked 107th. 5% more than Canada
Allies of World War I > Personnel and casualties > Wounded in action 149,732
Ranked 6th.
205,690
Ranked 4th. 37% more than Canada
Conventional arms imports > Per $ GDP 0.332 per $1,000
Ranked 47th. 7 times more than United States
0.045 per $1,000
Ranked 81st.
Personnel > % of total labor force 0.4%
Ranked 132nd.
0.99%
Ranked 83th. 2 times more than Canada

Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Males per 1000 6.83
Ranked 157th.
7.19
Ranked 148th. 5% more than Canada

Expenditure > % of GDP 1.14%
Ranked 83th.
4.08%
Ranked 11th. 4 times more than Canada

Aid to Afghanistan > Total development aid > Estimates per capita $1,080.82
Ranked 4th. 4 times more than United States
$279.63
Ranked 12th.
Defence minister Rob Nicholson Chuck Hagel
Armed forces personnel > % of total labor force 0.34%
Ranked 133th.
0.97%
Ranked 71st. 3 times more than Canada

Conventional arms > Exports, % of GDP 0.0932%
Ranked 15th.
0.0948%
Ranked 14th. 2% more than Canada
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Female 206195 2055685
Conventional arms imports, % of GDP 0.0583%
Ranked 56th. 6 times more than United States
0.00927%
Ranked 75th.
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Male 218069 2161727
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Females 206,195
Ranked 52nd.
2.06 million
Ranked 5th. 10 times more than Canada
Manpower > Fit for military service > Males per 1000 199.48
Ranked 72nd. 2% more than United States
195.38
Ranked 85th.

Aid to Afghanistan > Total development aid > Estimates, % of GDP 2.75%
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than United States
0.627%
Ranked 12th.
Manpower > Availability > Females per 1000 234.51
Ranked 95th.
235.58
Ranked 92nd. About the same as Canada

Operation Enduring Freedom > Afghanistan coalition fatalities 16
Ranked 4th.
295
Ranked 1st. 18 times more than Canada
Arms > Exports > Constant 1990 US$ per capita 11.3 constant 1990 US$
Ranked 11th.
24.03 constant 1990 US$
Ranked 5th. 2 times more than Canada

Iraq pledges of reconstruction aid > Per $ GDP $19.13 per $100,000 of GDP
Ranked 11th.
$179.13 per $100,000 of GDP
Ranked 5th. 9 times more than Canada
Manpower > Availability > Males per 1000 242.27
Ranked 105th. 1% more than United States
239.12
Ranked 119th.

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Males per thousand people 6.31
Ranked 177th.
6.83
Ranked 165th. 8% more than Canada
Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Females per 1000 6.47
Ranked 158th.
6.84
Ranked 151st. 6% more than Canada

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Females per thousand people 6.04
Ranked 177th.
6.65
Ranked 158th. 10% more than Canada
Iraq pledges of reconstruction aid, % of GDP 0.0132%
Ranked 10th.
0.15%
Ranked 2nd. 11 times more than Canada
Manpower > Fit for military service > Females per 1000 192.63
Ranked 82nd.
194.63
Ranked 73th. 1% more than Canada

Iraq pledges of reconstruction aid per capita $5.69
Ranked 9th.
$69.38
Ranked 3rd. 12 times more than Canada
Military expenditure > % of GDP 1.46%
Ranked 68th.
4.64%
Ranked 8th. 3 times more than Canada

Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Females 215,556
Ranked 50th.
2.08 million
Ranked 4th. 10 times more than Canada

Aid to Afghanistan > Total development aid > Estimates > Per $ GDP $359.36 per $10,000 of GDP
Ranked 3rd. 5 times more than United States
$71.51 per $10,000 of GDP
Ranked 12th.
Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Females > Per capita 6.49 per 1,000 people
Ranked 180th.
6.84 per 1,000 people
Ranked 168th. 5% more than Canada

Manpower > Availability > Males age 15-49 > Per capita 0.263 per capita
Ranked 71st. 5% more than United States
0.251 per capita
Ranked 103th.

Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Males > Per capita 6.85 per 1,000 people
Ranked 176th.
7.2 per 1,000 people
Ranked 165th. 5% more than Canada

Expenditure > % of central government expenditure 6.28%
Ranked 28th.
19.26%
Ranked 7th. 3 times more than Canada

Operation Enduring Freedom > Afghanistan coalition fatalities per million 0.491
Ranked 3rd.
0.989
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than Canada

SOURCES: Wikipedia: List of countries by level of military equipment (List); http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arms_industry#World.27s_largest_arms_exporters

Stockholm International Peace Research Institute
; http://www.visionofhumanity.org/#/page/indexes/global-peace-index, Global Rankings. Vision of Humanity.; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; Wikipedia: List of countries by number of military and paramilitary personnel (The list); World Development Indicators database; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; Uppsala Conflict Data Program, http://www.pcr.uu.se/research/ucdp/.; IISS (International Institute for Strategic Studies). 2001. The Military Balance 2001-2002. Oxford: Oxford University Press; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance.; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arms_industry#World.27s_largest_arms_exporters

Stockholm International Peace Research Institute
. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Yearbook: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security.; Wikipedia: List of highest military decorations; Wikipedia: List of aircraft carriers by country (Number of aircraft carriers by operating nation); "Gulf War Veterans: Measuring Health" by Lyla M. Hernandez, Jane S. Durch, Dan G. Blazer II, and Isabel V. Hoverman, Editors; Committee on Measuring the Health of Gulf War Veterans, Institute of Medicine. Published by The National Academies Press 1999; Wikipedia: Member states of NATO (Military personnel); Bonn International Center for Conversion (BICC); IISS (International Institute for Strategic Studies). 2001. The Military Balance 2001-2002. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: List of parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (Ratified or acceded states); Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Geneva, Switzerland, 1997. Data collected from the nations concerned, unless otherwise indicated. Acronyms: Amnesty International (AI); European Council of Conscripts Organizations (ECCO); Friends World Committee for Consultation (FWCC); International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights (IHFHR); National Interreligious Service Board for Conscientious Objectors (NISBCO); Service, Peace and Justice in Latin America (SERPAJ); War Resisters International (WRI); World Council of Churches (WCC); calculated on the basis of data on armed forces from IISS (International Institute for Strategic Studies). 2001. The Military Balance 2001-2002. Oxford: Oxford University Press; Stockholm International Peace Research Institute: The SIPRI Military Expenditure Database; Wikipedia: NATO; SIPRI (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute). 2005. SIPRI Arms Transfers. Database. February. Stockholm.; Wikipedia: 2002 Bali bombings (Fatalities by country) (Australian Department of Defence. " Aspects of forensic responses to the Bali bombings "); Bonn International Center for Conversion (BICC). Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; "Gulf War Veterans: Measuring Health" by Lyla M. Hernandez, Jane S. Durch, Dan G. Blazer II, and Isabel V. Hoverman, Editors; Committee on Measuring the Health of Gulf War Veterans, Institute of Medicine. Published by The National Academies Press 1999. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; SIPRI (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute). 2005. SIPRI Arms Transfers. Database. February. Stockholm. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: ISAF troop number statistics; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: 2002 Bali bombings (Fatalities by country) (Australian Department of Defence. " Aspects of forensic responses to the Bali bombings "). Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty; CIA World Factbook, 14 June, 2007; United Nations Development Programme in Afghanistan, 2006.; Wikipedia: List of countries by military expenditures; OECD, ODA Indicators.; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; 1. The War Office (2006) [1922]. Statistics of the military effort of the British Empire during the Great War 1914—1920. Uckfield, East Sussex: Military and Naval Press; 2. Gilbert Martin (1994). Atlas of World War I. Oxford University Press; 3. Tucker Spencer C (1999). The European Powers in the First World War: An Encyclopedia. New York: Garland. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: Commitment to Development Index (Commitment to Development Index) (http://www.cgdev.org/doc/CDI%202012/CDI%20Postcard_2012.pdf); CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; US Department of Defense. The Brookings Institution Iraq Index, April 24, 2006.; CIA World Factbook, 14 June, 2007. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; 1. The War Office (2006) [1922]. 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World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: List of current defence ministers (States recognized by the United Nations); SIPRI (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute). 2005. SIPRI Arms Transfers. Database. February. Stockholm. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.; United Nations Development Programme in Afghanistan, 2006. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.; Operation Enduring Freedom, icasualties.org, May 18, 2006; US Department of Defense. The Brookings Institution Iraq Index, April 24, 2006. 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Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.

Citation

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Canada and the United States are nearly inseparable. They are so linked it is sometimes hard to think they are two separate countries. But they are, and neither one wants to be part of the other.

Economically, the two countries are giants. While Canada’s economy is far from that of the US, it is still very stable and very capable. Militarily, both countries are so much linked that their internal policies require each other’s army to come to the aid of the other (Canada gets most of its weapons from the US). Thus, a conflict between the two is truly hard to imagine, in not utterly impossible.

But, for the sake of argument, let us compare the armed services of the two. For the sake of argument, let us say that the two countries are on the verge of war. One need not look long and hard to determine which side will be the winner. Statistically, the US is ahead in everything, and the lead in everything is huge. For instance, Canada has 201 operational tanks, the US has a whooping 8,325 M1 Abrams. Canada has 4 advanced diesel subs, while the US has 72 nuclear-powered submarines.

Of course, numbers are not everything. Statistics will tell us that North Korea has the most number of naval assets, but most of these are small patrol boats armed with machine guns. This does not make NoKor’s navy the world’s most powerful. However, in a contest between the US and Canada, both countries possess highly advanced materiel. So, essentially, the US is the apparent and unquestionable winner.

Posted on 06 Apr 2014

Edsel.G

Edsel.G

247 Stat enthusiast

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