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Crime Stats: compare key data on Costa Rica & Panama

Definitions

  • Assault rate: Number of assaults recorded by police per 100,000 population
  • Crime levels: Level of crime. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How serious you feel the level of crime is?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Drugs > Annual cannabis use: Estimate of percentage of 15-64 year old population who use Cannabis.
  • Drugs > Opiates use: Annual prevalence.
  • Murder rate: Homicide rate per year per 100,000 inhabitants in various countries.
  • Police officers: Number of police officers per 100,000 population.
  • Suicide rates > Suicide rate (both sexes): Suicides per 100’000 residents per year.
  • Total crimes: Note: Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence.
  • Total crimes per 1000: Note: Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Violent crime > Gun crime > Guns per 100 residents: Number of privately owned small firearms per 100 residents.
  • Violent crime > Intentional homicide rate: Homicides per 100’000 residents. Homicide is the death of a person purposefully inflicted by another person (it excludes suicides) outside of a state of war. Homicide is a broader category than murder, as it also includes manslaughter. The exact legal definition varies across countries, some of which include infanticide, assisted suicide, euthanasia and deaths caused by dangerous driving.
  • Violent crime > Murder rate: Intentional homicide, number and rate per 100,000 population.
  • Violent crime > Murder rate per million people: Intentional homicide, number and rate per 100,000 population. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Violent crime > Murders: Intentional homicide, number and rate per 100,000 population.
  • Violent crime > Murders per million people: Intentional homicide, number and rate per 100,000 population. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Robberies: Number of robberies recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Believes crime increasing in the past 3 years: Crime increasing in the past 3 years. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "In the past three years would you say the level of crime in your community has increased, stayed about the same, or decreased?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Fear of crime > Violent hate crime: Worries being subject to a physical attack because of your skin colour, ethnic origin or religion. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How worried are you about)......being subject to a physical attack because of your skin colour, ethnic origin or religion?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Fear of crime > Feels safe walking alone > At night: Safety walking alone during night. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How safe do you feel walking alone in this city during the night?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Kidnappings: Number of kidnappings recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Murders > Per 100,000 people: Intentional homicide rate is the estimate of intentional homicides in a country as a result of domestic disputes that end in a killing, interpersonal violence, violent conflicts over land resources, inter-gang violence over turf or control, and predatory violence and killing by armed groups. The term, intentional homicide, is broad, but it does not include all intentional killing. In particular, deaths arising from armed conflict are usually considered separately. The difference is usually described by the organisation of the killing. Individuals or small groups usually commit homicide, whereas the killing in armed conflict is usually committed by more or less cohesive groups of up to several hundred members. Two main sources of data are presented: criminal justice (law enforcement) measures (this series), supplemented by data from national statistical agencies, and measures from public health sources (see other intentional homicide series). These various sources measure slightly different phenomena and are therefore unlikely to provide identical numbers."
  • Prisoners: Total persons incarcerated
  • Assaults: Number of assaults recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Punishment > Maximum length of sentence: Maximum length of sentence (under life).

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Auto theft: Number of motor vehicle thefts (car thefts) recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Perceived problems > Problem violent crimes including assault and armed robbery: Problem violent crimes such as assault and armed robbery. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How much of a problem are...) violent crimes such as assault and armed robbery?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Murders > WHO: Intentional homicide rate is the estimate of intentional homicides in a country as a result of domestic disputes that end in a killing, interpersonal violence, violent conflicts over land resources, inter-gang violence over turf or control, and predatory violence and killing by armed groups. The term, intentional homicide, is broad, but it does not include all intentional killing. In particular, deaths arising from armed conflict are usually considered separately. The difference is usually described by the organisation of the killing. Individuals or small groups usually commit homicide, whereas the killing in armed conflict is usually committed by more or less cohesive groups of up to several hundred members. Two main sources of data are presented: criminal justice (law enforcement) measures (this series), supplemented by data from national statistical agencies, and measures from public health sources (see other intentional homicide series). These various sources measure slightly different phenomena and are therefore unlikely to provide identical numbers."
  • Fear of crime > Feels safe walking alone > During the day: Safety walking alone during daylight. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How safe do you feel walking alone in this city during the daylight?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Serious assault rate: Number of major assaults recorded by police per 100,000 population
  • Prisoners > Per capita: Data for 2003. Number of prisoners held per 100,000 population.
  • Punishment > Crimes possibly attracting life sentence: Possible other sentence.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Fear of crime > Worries about being attacked: Worries attacked. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How worried are you about)......being physically attacked by strangers?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Suicide rates > Suicide rate (males): Male.
  • Software piracy rate: The piracy rate is the total number of units of pirated software deployed in 2007 divided by the total units of software installed.
  • Perceived problems > Property crimes including vandalism and theft: Problem property crimes such as vandalism and theft. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How much of a problem are...) property crimes such as vandalism and theft?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Drug offences: Drug offence cases per 100,000 population (2000).
  • Perceived problems > Illegal drugs: Problem people using or dealing drugs. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How much of a problem are...) people using or dealing drugs?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Suicide rates > Suicide rate (females: Female.
  • Perceived problems > Problem corruption and bribery: Problem corruption and bribery. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How much of a problem are...) corruption and bribery?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Punishment > Minimum life sentence to serve before eligibility for requesting parole: Minimum to serve before eligibility for requesting parole.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Fear of crime > Worries about being insulted: Worries being insulted. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How worried are you about)......being insulted or pestered by anybody, while in the street or any other public place?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Fear of crime > Worries about being mugged or robbed: Worries being mugged or robbed. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How worried are you about)......being mugged and robbed?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Illicit drugs: Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence.
  • Frauds: Total recorded frauds. Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence.
  • Serious assaults: Number of major assaults recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Prisoners per 1000: Total persons incarcerated. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Murders committed by youths: Homicide rates among youths aged 10–29 years by country or area: most recent year available (variable 1990–1999).
  • Prosecution rate: Number of people prosecuted.
  • Punishment > Crimes requiring mandatory sentence: Mandatory sentence.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Drug related crime: Number of drug related crimes recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Judges: Number of professional judges per 100,000 population.
  • Fear of crime > Worries about home break and enter: Worries home broken and things stolen. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How worried are you about....having your home broken into and something stolen?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Drug trafficking: Number of drug trafficking related crimes recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Prisoners > Female: Female prisoners, expressed as a percentage share of the total prison population. Data for 2003.
  • Judges and Magistrates: Number of Judges and Magistrates
  • Human trafficking > Number prosecuted: Number of people prosecuted for tracking in persons (people smuggling) by country.
  • Punishment > Life sentence under the age of 18 or 21: Under age of 18 (or 21).

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Acquitted: Total acquitted in criminal courts. Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence.
  • Punishment > Has life imprisonment: Life imprisonment.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Car thefts: Total recorded automobile thefts. Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence.
  • Car thefts per 1000: Total recorded automobile thefts. Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Murders committed by youths per million: Homicide rates among youths aged 10–29 years by country or area: most recent year available (variable 1990–1999). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Fear of crime > Worries about things from car being stolen: Worries things from car stolen. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How worried are you about)......having things stolen from your car?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Punishment > Has indefinite sentence: Indefinite sentence (excl. preventive or psychiatric detainment).

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Human trafficking > Number prosecuted per million: Number of people prosecuted for tracking in persons (people smuggling) by country. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Prosecutors: Number of prosecutors per 100,000 population.
  • Judges and Magistrates per million: Number of Judges and Magistrates. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Fear of crime > Worries about car being stolen: Worries car stolen. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How worried are you about)......having your car stolen?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Acquitted per 1000: Total acquitted in criminal courts. Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Prison staff: Number of correction staff in adult prisons per 100,000 population.
  • Murders committed by youths per capita: Homicide rate per 100,000 population aged 10–29 years
  • Prisoners > Foreign prisoners: Prisoners who are foreign nationals, expressed as a percentage share of total prison population. Data for 2003.
  • Prisoners > Share of prison capacity filled: The percentage of the offical prison capacity filled. This is obtained by comparing the number of prisoners in a nation to the offical capacity of the nation's prison system. Data for 2003.
  • Organised crime gang membership > Number prosecuted: Number of people prosecuted for being member of an organised crime gang in that country.
  • Frauds per 1000: Total recorded frauds. Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Organised crime gang membership > Police recorded offenses: Number of organised crime gang participation offences recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Prosecution rate per million: Number of people prosecuted. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Organised crime gang membership > Police recorded offenses per million: Number of organised crime gang participation offences recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Organised crime gang membership > Number prosecuted per million: Number of people prosecuted for being member of an organised crime gang in that country. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Transnational Issues > Trafficking in persons > Current situation: Trafficking in persons is modern-day slavery, involving victims who are forced, defrauded, or coerced into labor or sexual exploitation. The International Labor Organization (ILO), the UN agency charged with addressing labor standards, employment, and social protection issues, estimates that 12.3 million people worldwide are enslaved in forced labor, bonded labor, forced child labor, sexual servitude, and involuntary servitude at any given time. Human trafficking is a multi-dimensional threat, depriving people of their human rights and freedoms, risking global health, promoting social breakdown, inhibiting development by depriving countries of their human capital, and helping fuel the growth of organized crime. In 2000, the US Congress passed the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA), reauthorized in 2003 and 2005, which provides tools for the US to combat trafficking in persons, both domestically and abroad. One of the law's key components is the creation of the US Department of State's annual Trafficking in Persons Report, which assesses the government response in some 150 countries with a significant number of victims trafficked across their borders who are recruited, harbored, transported, provided, or obtained for forced labor or sexual exploitation. Countries in the annual report are rated in three tiers, based on government efforts to combat trafficking. The countries identified in this entry are those listed in the 2006 Trafficking in Persons Report as Tier 2 Watch List or Tier 3 based on the following definitions:
    Tier 2 Watch List countries do not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but are making significant efforts to do so, and meet one of the following criteria:
    1. they display a high or significantly increasing number victims,
    2. they have failed to provide evidence of increasing efforts to combat trafficking in persons, or,
    3. they have committed to take action over the next year.
    Tier 3 countries neither satisfy the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking nor demonstrate a significant effort to do so. Countries in this tier are subject to potential non-humanitarian and non-trade sanctions.
  • Prisoners > Pre-trial detainees: The percentage of the prison population that is being held pre-trial / on remand. Data for 2003.
  • Unpaid diplomatic parking fines: Average Unpaid Annual New York City Parking Violations per Diplomat, 11/1997 to 11/2002.
  • Prosecutions > Murders: Number of prosecutions for intentional homicides in the given year. Prosecutions are cases that made it to court, regardless of the verdict.
  • Prosecutions > Adults per 1000: Number of people prosecuted. Prosecutions are cases that made it to court, regardless of the verdict. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Prosecutions > Adults: Number of people prosecuted. Prosecutions are cases that made it to court, regardless of the verdict.
  • Prosecutions > Murders per million: Number of prosecutions for intentional homicides in the given year. Prosecutions are cases that made it to court, regardless of the verdict. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Smuggling of migrants > Police recorded offences per million: Number of offences relating to smuggling of migrants (people smuggling) as recorded by police in that country. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Unpaid diplomatic parking fines per million: Average Unpaid Annual New York City Parking Violations per Diplomat, 11/1997 to 11/2002. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Smuggling of migrants > Police recorded offences: Number of offences relating to smuggling of migrants (people smuggling) as recorded by police in that country.
  • Prosecutions > Juveniles: Number of juveniles who were prosecuted in the given year. Prosecutions are cases that made it to court, regardless of the verdict.
  • Transnational Issues > Trafficking in persons > Tier rating: Trafficking in persons is modern-day slavery, involving victims who are forced, defrauded, or coerced into labor or sexual exploitation. The International Labor Organization (ILO), the UN agency charged with addressing labor standards, employment, and social protection issues, estimates that 12.3 million people worldwide are enslaved in forced labor, bonded labor, forced child labor, sexual servitude, and involuntary servitude at any given time. Human trafficking is a multi-dimensional threat, depriving people of their human rights and freedoms, risking global health, promoting social breakdown, inhibiting development by depriving countries of their human capital, and helping fuel the growth of organized crime. In 2000, the US Congress passed the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA), reauthorized in 2003 and 2005, which provides tools for the US to combat trafficking in persons, both domestically and abroad. One of the law's key components is the creation of the US Department of State's annual Trafficking in Persons Report, which assesses the government response in some 150 countries with a significant number of victims trafficked across their borders who are recruited, harbored, transported, provided, or obtained for forced labor or sexual exploitation. Countries in the annual report are rated in three tiers, based on government efforts to combat trafficking. The countries identified in this entry are those listed in the 2006 Trafficking in Persons Report as Tier 2 Watch List or Tier 3 based on the following definitions:
    Tier 2 Watch List countries do not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but are making significant efforts to do so, and meet one of the following criteria:
    1. they display a high or significantly increasing number victims,
    2. they have failed to provide evidence of increasing efforts to combat trafficking in persons, or,
    3. they have committed to take action over the next year.
    Tier 3 countries neither satisfy the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking nor demonstrate a significant effort to do so. Countries in this tier are subject to potential non-humanitarian and non-trade sanctions.
  • Prosecutions > Juveniles per million: Number of juveniles who were prosecuted in the given year. Prosecutions are cases that made it to court, regardless of the verdict. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Smuggling of migrants > Number prosecuted per million: Number of people prosecuted for smuggling migrants by country. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Smuggling of migrants > Number prosecuted: Number of people prosecuted for smuggling migrants by country.
  • Prosecutions > Adults > Females: Proportion of all adult prosecutions that were of women. Prosecutions are cases that made it to court, regardless of the verdict.
  • Prosecutions > Adults > Females per million: Proportion of all adult prosecutions that were of women. Prosecutions are cases that made it to court, regardless of the verdict. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint: Crime measures the share of senior managers who ranked crime, theft, and disorder as a major or very severe constraint.
  • Property crime > Losses due to theft, robbery, vandalism, and arson > % sales: Losses due to theft, robbery, vandalism, and arson (% sales). Losses due to theft, robbery, vandalism, and arson are the estimated losses from those causes that occurred on establishments' premises as a percentage of annual sales.
  • Corruption > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint: Corruption measures the share of senior managers who ranked corruption as a major or very severe constraint.
  • Courts > % of managers surveyed lacking confidence in courts to uphold property rights: Lack confidence that courts uphold property rights is the share of senior managers who do not agree with the statement: “I am confident that the judicial system will enforce my contractual and property rights in business disputes.”
  • Courts > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint: Courts measure the share of senior managers who ranked courts and dispute resolution systems as a major or very severe constraint.
STAT Costa Rica Panama HISTORY
Assault rate 19.7
Ranked 75th.
54.2
Ranked 55th. 3 times more than Costa Rica
Crime levels 72.37
Ranked 15th. 61% more than Panama
45
Ranked 49th.
Drugs > Annual cannabis use 1%
Ranked 19th.
3.6%
Ranked 5th. 4 times more than Costa Rica
Drugs > Opiates use 0.1%
Ranked 5th.
0.2%
Ranked 3rd. Twice as much as Costa Rica
Murder rate 11 13
Police officers 275.3
Ranked 20th. 459 times more than Panama
0.6
Ranked 12th.

Suicide rates > Suicide rate (both sexes) 6.1
Ranked 10th. 11% more than Panama
5.5
Ranked 9th.
Total crimes 40,263
Ranked 57th. 91% more than Panama
21,058
Ranked 65th.
Total crimes per 1000 9.84
Ranked 53th. 48% more than Panama
6.63
Ranked 64th.
Violent crime > Gun crime > Guns per 100 residents 9.9
Ranked 62nd.
21.7
Ranked 26th. 2 times more than Costa Rica
Violent crime > Intentional homicide rate 10
Ranked 22nd.
20
Ranked 16th. Twice as much as Costa Rica

Violent crime > Murder rate 527
Ranked 34th.
759
Ranked 26th. 44% more than Costa Rica

Violent crime > Murder rate per million people 112.86
Ranked 27th.
206.35
Ranked 20th. 83% more than Costa Rica

Violent crime > Murders 527
Ranked 34th.
759
Ranked 26th. 44% more than Costa Rica

Violent crime > Murders per million people 112.86
Ranked 27th.
206.35
Ranked 20th. 83% more than Costa Rica

Robberies 527.3
Ranked 3rd. 14 times more than Panama
38.1
Ranked 40th.
Believes crime increasing in the past 3 years 69.44
Ranked 33th. 6% more than Panama
65.79
Ranked 41st.
Fear of crime > Violent hate crime 15.28
Ranked 84th.
17.11
Ranked 79th. 12% more than Costa Rica
Fear of crime > Feels safe walking alone > At night 23.68
Ranked 80th.
55.26
Ranked 41st. 2 times more than Costa Rica
Kidnappings 0.11
Ranked 49th.
0.46
Ranked 30th. 4 times more than Costa Rica
Murders > Per 100,000 people 7.3
Ranked 56th.
13.4
Ranked 37th. 84% more than Costa Rica
Prisoners 8,526 prisoners
Ranked 76th.
10,350 prisoners
Ranked 68th. 21% more than Costa Rica
Assaults 19.7
Ranked 56th.
54.2
Ranked 40th. 3 times more than Costa Rica
Punishment > Maximum length of sentence 50 years 50 years
Auto theft 127.4
Ranked 23th. 7 times more than Panama
18.8
Ranked 51st.
Perceived problems > Problem violent crimes including assault and armed robbery 67.11
Ranked 20th. 55% more than Panama
43.42
Ranked 37th.
Murders > WHO 6.2
Ranked 85th.
11.5
Ranked 59th. 85% more than Costa Rica
Fear of crime > Feels safe walking alone > During the day 65.79
Ranked 72nd.
85.53
Ranked 28th. 30% more than Costa Rica

Serious assault rate 15.9
Ranked 40th.
36.3
Ranked 28th. 2 times more than Costa Rica
United States extradition treaties > Entered into force October 11, 1991 May 8, 2005
Prisoners > Per capita 229 per 100,000 people
Ranked 32nd.
354 per 100,000 people
Ranked 15th. 55% more than Costa Rica
Punishment > Crimes possibly attracting life sentence No life imprisonment sentence No life imprisonment sentence
Fear of crime > Worries about being attacked 47.37
Ranked 31st. 42% more than Panama
33.33
Ranked 65th.
Suicide rates > Suicide rate (males) 10.2
Ranked 9th. 13% more than Panama
9
Ranked 8th.
Software piracy rate 61%
Ranked 54th.
74%
Ranked 37th. 21% more than Costa Rica
Perceived problems > Property crimes including vandalism and theft 72.37
Ranked 13th. 48% more than Panama
48.75
Ranked 51st.
Drug offences 1,099 per 100,000 people
Ranked 33th.
1,484 per 100,000 people
Ranked 29th. 35% more than Costa Rica
Perceived problems > Illegal drugs 67.11
Ranked 14th. 59% more than Panama
42.11
Ranked 57th.
Suicide rates > Suicide rate (females 1.9
Ranked 9th. The same as Panama
1.9
Ranked 9th.
Perceived problems > Problem corruption and bribery 77.78
Ranked 36th. 4% more than Panama
75
Ranked 41st.
Punishment > Minimum life sentence to serve before eligibility for requesting parole Varies, depending on sentence Varies, depending on sentence
Fear of crime > Worries about being insulted 33.82
Ranked 58th. 22% more than Panama
27.63
Ranked 79th.
Fear of crime > Worries about being mugged or robbed 69.74
Ranked 15th. 48% more than Panama
47.06
Ranked 41st.
Illicit drugs transshipment country for cocaine and heroin from South America; illicit production of cannabis in remote areas; domestic cocaine consumption, particularly crack cocaine, is rising; significant consumption of amphetamines major cocaine transshipment point and primary money-laundering center for narcotics revenue; money-laundering activity is especially heavy in the Colon Free Zone; offshore financial center; negligible signs of coca cultivation; monitoring of financial transactions is improving; official corruption remains a major problem
Frauds 1,849
Ranked 46th. 7 times more than Panama
261
Ranked 69th.
Serious assaults 15.9
Ranked 28th.
36.3
Ranked 16th. 2 times more than Costa Rica
Prisoners per 1000 2.08 prisoners
Ranked 40th.
3.26 prisoners
Ranked 20th. 56% more than Costa Rica
Murders committed by youths 75
Ranked 39th.
151
Ranked 26th. 2 times more than Costa Rica
Prosecution rate 192
Ranked 28th.
597
Ranked 19th. 3 times more than Costa Rica
Punishment > Crimes requiring mandatory sentence No life imprisonment sentence No life imprisonment sentence
Drug related crime 9
Ranked 58th.
96
Ranked 18th. 11 times more than Costa Rica
Judges 18%
Ranked 11th. 2 times more than Panama
8%
Ranked 31st.

Fear of crime > Worries about home break and enter 76.32
Ranked 5th. 64% more than Panama
46.43
Ranked 43th.
Drug trafficking 7
Ranked 32nd.
26
Ranked 18th. 4 times more than Costa Rica
Prisoners > Female 10.8%
Ranked 5th. 57% more than Panama
6.9%
Ranked 16th.
Judges and Magistrates 581
Ranked 39th. 2 times more than Panama
239
Ranked 47th.
Human trafficking > Number prosecuted 0.0
Ranked 38th.
1
Ranked 33th.

Punishment > Life sentence under the age of 18 or 21 ?? ??
Acquitted 1,753
Ranked 29th. 53% more than Panama
1,149
Ranked 36th.
Punishment > Has life imprisonment No No
Car thefts 4,385
Ranked 37th. 8 times more than Panama
566
Ranked 60th.
Car thefts per 1000 1.07
Ranked 31st. 6 times more than Panama
0.178
Ranked 52nd.
Murders committed by youths per million 19.52
Ranked 27th.
50.44
Ranked 10th. 3 times more than Costa Rica
Fear of crime > Worries about things from car being stolen 72.37
Ranked 15th. 45% more than Panama
50
Ranked 51st.
Punishment > Has indefinite sentence No No
Human trafficking > Number prosecuted per million 0.0
Ranked 38th.
0.292
Ranked 29th.

Prosecutors 7.7%
Ranked 22nd. 3 times more than Panama
2.4%
Ranked 39th.
Judges and Magistrates per million 141.92
Ranked 17th. 89% more than Panama
75.19
Ranked 43th.
Fear of crime > Worries about car being stolen 61.84
Ranked 15th. 86% more than Panama
33.33
Ranked 61st.
Acquitted per 1000 0.428
Ranked 23th. 18% more than Panama
0.361
Ranked 24th.
Prison staff 69.7%
Ranked 22nd. 3 times more than Panama
23.4%
Ranked 42nd.

Murders committed by youths per capita 5.5
Ranked 27th.
14.4
Ranked 10th. 3 times more than Costa Rica
Prisoners > Foreign prisoners 8.7%
Ranked 38th.
9.1%
Ranked 37th. 5% more than Costa Rica
Prisoners > Share of prison capacity filled 109.6%
Ranked 79th.
144.7%
Ranked 37th. 32% more than Costa Rica
Organised crime gang membership > Number prosecuted 1
Ranked 15th.
3
Ranked 11th. 3 times more than Costa Rica
Frauds per 1000 0.452
Ranked 39th. 6 times more than Panama
0.0821
Ranked 66th.
Organised crime gang membership > Police recorded offenses 4
Ranked 43th. 4 times more than Panama
1
Ranked 51st.

Prosecution rate per million 43.71
Ranked 26th.
174.13
Ranked 13th. 4 times more than Costa Rica
Organised crime gang membership > Police recorded offenses per million 0.911
Ranked 35th. 3 times more than Panama
0.292
Ranked 46th.

Organised crime gang membership > Number prosecuted per million 0.228
Ranked 12th.
0.875
Ranked 5th. 4 times more than Costa Rica
Transnational Issues > Trafficking in persons > Current situation Costa Rica is a source, transit, and destination country for men, women, and children trafficked for the purposes of commercial sexual exploitation and forced labor; women and girls from neighboring states, Russia, Uzbekistan, and the Philippines are trafficked into the country for sexual exploitation; Costa Rica also serves as a transit point for victims trafficked to North America and Europe; the government identifies child sex tourism as a serious problem; men, women, and children are also trafficked within the country for forced labor in fishing and construction, and as domestic servants Panama is a source, transit, and destination country for women and children trafficked for the purpose of commercial sexual exploitation; the majority of victims are Panamanian women and children trafficked within the country into the sex trade; rural children in Panama may be trafficked internally to urban areas for labor exploitation
Prisoners > Pre-trial detainees 39.5%
Ranked 49th.
55%
Ranked 29th. 39% more than Costa Rica
Unpaid diplomatic parking fines 10.1
Ranked 60th.
0.0
Ranked 138th.
Prosecutions > Murders 237%
Ranked 31st.
391%
Ranked 25th. 65% more than Costa Rica
Prosecutions > Adults per 1000 1.78
Ranked 30th.
5.08
Ranked 15th. 3 times more than Costa Rica
Prosecutions > Adults 7,800
Ranked 37th.
17,431
Ranked 26th. 2 times more than Costa Rica
Prosecutions > Murders per million 53.96%
Ranked 17th.
114.04%
Ranked 6th. 2 times more than Costa Rica
United States extradition treaties > Date signed December 4, 1982 May 25, 2004
Smuggling of migrants > Police recorded offences per million 0.228
Ranked 45th.
0.875
Ranked 41st. 4 times more than Costa Rica

Unpaid diplomatic parking fines per million 2.47
Ranked 37th.
0.0
Ranked 136th.
Smuggling of migrants > Police recorded offences 1
Ranked 48th.
3
Ranked 45th. 3 times more than Costa Rica

Prosecutions > Juveniles 644
Ranked 31st.
1,893
Ranked 23th. 3 times more than Costa Rica
Transnational Issues > Trafficking in persons > Tier rating Tier 2 Watch List - Costa Rica is on the Tier 2 Watch List for its failure to provide evidence of increasing efforts to combat human trafficking, particularly in terms of its failure to improve its inadequate assistance to victims; while Costa Rican officials recognize human trafficking as a serious problem, the lack of a stronger response by the government is of concern Tier 2 Watch List - Panama is on the Tier 2 Watch List for failing to show evidence of increasing efforts to combat human trafficking, particularly with respect to prosecuting, convicting, and sentencing human traffickers for their crimes, and for failing to provide adequate victim assistance
Prosecutions > Juveniles per million 146.61
Ranked 30th.
552.14
Ranked 13th. 4 times more than Costa Rica
Smuggling of migrants > Number prosecuted per million 0.911
Ranked 29th. 3 times more than Panama
0.292
Ranked 37th.

Smuggling of migrants > Number prosecuted 4
Ranked 34th. 4 times more than Panama
1
Ranked 43th.

Prosecutions > Adults > Females 4%
Ranked 36th.
12%
Ranked 19th. 3 times more than Costa Rica
Prosecutions > Adults > Females per million 0.911%
Ranked 21st.
3.5%
Ranked 10th. 4 times more than Costa Rica
% of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint 27.99%
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than Panama
7.25%
Ranked 8th.
Property crime > Losses due to theft, robbery, vandalism, and arson > % sales 0.4%
Ranked 28th. 33% more than Panama
0.3%
Ranked 31st.

Corruption > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint 39.94%
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than Panama
10.75%
Ranked 6th.
Courts > % of managers surveyed lacking confidence in courts to uphold property rights 28.13%
Ranked 32nd.
51.6%
Ranked 11th. 83% more than Costa Rica
Courts > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint 21.87%
Ranked 11th. 20 times more than Panama
1.1%
Ranked 12th.

SOURCES: European Institute for Crime Prevention and Control International Statistics on Crime and Justice, 2011; crime; https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/WDR2011/World_Drug_Report_2011_ebook.pdf, World Drug Report 2011, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), 2011, p. 217.; Wikipedia: List of countries by prevalence of opiates use ("World Drug Report 2011" . United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. 2011. "World Drug Report 2006" . United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. 2006. http://www.unodc.org/documents/wdr/WDR_2009/WDR2009_eng_web.pdf); Wikipedia: List of countries by suicide rate (Suicide rates per 100,000 by country, year and sex (Table) ); The Eighth United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2002) (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Centre for International Crime Prevention); The Eighth United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2002) (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Centre for International Crime Prevention). Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Annexe I of the Small Arms Survey 2007 ; Wikipedia: List of countries by intentional homicide rate by decade; United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. Source tables; United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; European Institute for Crime Prevention and Control International Statistics on Crime and Justice, 2011; UN Office on Drugs and Crime, UN Survey of Crime Trends, at http://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/IHS-rates-05012009.pdf.; Wikipedia: Life imprisonment (Summary by country); World Health Organisation.; Wikipedia: List of United States extradition treaties; International Centre for Prison Studies - World Prison Brief; Fifth Annual BSA and IDC Global Software Piracy Study; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; The Eighth United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2002) (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Centre for International Crime Prevention). Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Health Organization: World report on violence and health, 2002; The Eighth United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2002) (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Centre for International Crime Prevention); World Health Organization: World report on violence and health, 2002. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; European Institute for Crime Prevention and Control International Statistics on Crime and Justice, 2011. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; The Eighth United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2002) (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Centre for International Crime Prevention). Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; Cultures of Corruption: Evidence from Diplomatic Parking Tickets Ray Fisman Edward Miguel Columbia University and NBER University of California, Berkeley and NBER 2006; Cultures of Corruption: Evidence from Diplomatic Parking Tickets Ray Fisman Edward Miguel Columbia University and NBER University of California, Berkeley and NBER 2006. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Development Indicators database; World Bank, Enterprise Surveys

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