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Health > Disease prevention Stats: compare key data on Cuba & United States

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Definitions

  • Immunisation > Measles > % of children ages 12-23 months: Child immunisation measures the percentage of children ages 12-23 months who received vaccinations before 12 months or at any time before the survey. A child is considered adequately immunized against measles after receiving one dose of vaccine.
  • Immunisation against tetanus > % of children ages 12-23 months: Child immunisation measures the percentage of children ages 12-23 months who received vaccinations before 12 months or at any time before the survey. A child is considered adequately immunized against diphtheria, pertussis (or whooping cough), and tetanus (DPT) after receiving three doses of vaccine."
  • Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access: Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population with at least adequate access to excreta disposal facilities that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained."
  • Improved sanitation facilities > Rural > % of rural population with access: Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population with at least adequate access to excreta disposal facilities that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained."
  • Improved sanitation facilities > Urban > % of urban population with access: Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population with at least adequate access to excreta disposal facilities that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained."
  • Improved water source > % of population with access: Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population with reasonable access to an adequate amount of water from an improved source, such as a household connection, public standpipe, borehole, protected well or spring, and rainwater collection. Unimproved sources include vendors, tanker trucks, and unprotected wells and springs. Reasonable access is defined as the availability of at least 20 liters a person a day from a source within one kilometer of the dwelling."
  • Improved water source > Urban > % of urban population with access: Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population with reasonable access to an adequate amount of water from an improved source, such as a household connection, public standpipe, borehole, protected well or spring, and rainwater collection. Unimproved sources include vendors, tanker trucks, and unprotected wells and springs. Reasonable access is defined as the availability of at least 20 liters a person a day from a source within one kilometer of the dwelling."
  • Tuberculosis case detection rate > All forms: Tuberculosis case detection rate (all forms) is the percentage of newly notified tuberculosis cases (including relapses) to estimated incident cases (case detection, all forms)."
  • Tuberculosis treatment success rate > % of registered cases: Tuberculosis treatment success rate is the percentage of new, registered smear-positive (infectious) cases that were cured or in which a full course of treatment was completed."
STAT Cuba United States HISTORY
Immunisation > Measles > % of children ages 12-23 months 96%
Ranked 55th. 4% more than United States
92%
Ranked 92nd.

Immunisation against tetanus > % of children ages 12-23 months 96%
Ranked 62nd. 1% more than United States
95%
Ranked 76th.

Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access 91%
Ranked 72nd.
100%
Ranked 13th. 10% more than Cuba

Improved sanitation facilities > Rural > % of rural population with access 81%
Ranked 75th.
99%
Ranked 32nd. 22% more than Cuba

Improved sanitation facilities > Urban > % of urban population with access 94%
Ranked 83th.
100%
Ranked 13th. 6% more than Cuba

Improved water source > % of population with access 94%
Ranked 80th.
99%
Ranked 48th. 5% more than Cuba

Improved water source > Urban > % of urban population with access 96%
Ranked 106th.
100%
Ranked 18th. 4% more than Cuba

Tuberculosis case detection rate > All forms 120%
Ranked 6th. 38% more than United States
86.96%
Ranked 50th.

Tuberculosis treatment success rate > % of registered cases 89.56%
Ranked 27th. 5% more than United States
85.5%
Ranked 43th.

SOURCES: WHO and UNICEF (http://www.who.int/immunisation_monitoring/routine/en/).; World Health Organisation and United Nations Children's Fund, Joint Measurement Programme (JMP) (http://www.wssinfo.org/).; World Health Organisation, Global Tuberculosis Control Report.

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