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Transport > Maritime Stats: compare key data on Egypt & Tunisia

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Definitions

  • Air transport, passengers carried: Air transport, passengers carried. Air passengers carried include both domestic and international aircraft passengers of air carriers registered in the country.
  • Air transport, passengers carried per 1000: Air transport, passengers carried. Air passengers carried include both domestic and international aircraft passengers of air carriers registered in the country. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Container port traffic > TEU: 20 foot equivalent units: Container port traffic (TEU: 20 foot equivalent units). Port container traffic measures the flow of containers from land to sea transport modes., and vice versa, in twenty-foot equivalent units (TEUs), a standard-size container. Data refer to coastal shipping as well as international journeys. Transshipment traffic is counted as two lifts at the intermediate port (once to off-load and again as an outbound lift) and includes empty units.
  • Container port traffic > TEU: 20 foot equivalent units per 1000: Container port traffic (TEU: 20 foot equivalent units). Port container traffic measures the flow of containers from land to sea transport modes., and vice versa, in twenty-foot equivalent units (TEUs), a standard-size container. Data refer to coastal shipping as well as international journeys. Transshipment traffic is counted as two lifts at the intermediate port (once to off-load and again as an outbound lift) and includes empty units. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Cost to export > US$ per container: Cost to export (US$ per container). Cost measures the fees levied on a 20-foot container in U.S. dollars. All the fees associated with completing the procedures to export or import the goods are included. These include costs for documents, administrative fees for customs clearance and technical control, customs broker fees, terminal handling charges and inland transport. The cost measure does not include tariffs or trade taxes. Only official costs are recorded. Several assumptions are made for the business surveyed: Has 60 or more employees; Is located in the country's most populous city; Is a private, limited liability company. It does not operate within an export processing zone or an industrial estate with special export or import privileges; Is domestically owned with no foreign ownership; Exports more than 10% of its sales. Assumptions about the traded goods: The traded product travels in a dry-cargo, 20-foot, full container load. The product: Is not hazardous nor does it include military items; Does not require refrigeration or any other special environment; Does not require any special phytosanitary or environmental safety standards other than accepted international standards.
  • Export value index > 2000 = 100 per million: Export value index (2000 = 100). Export values are the current value of exports (f.o.b.) converted to U.S. dollars and expressed as a percentage of the average for the base period (2000). UNCTAD's export value indexes are reported for most economies. For selected economies for which UNCTAD does not publish data, the export value indexes are derived from export volume indexes (line 72) and corresponding unit value indexes of exports (line 74) in the IMF's International Financial Statistics. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Exports of goods and services > BoP, current US$: Exports of goods and services (BoP, current US$). Exports of goods and services comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from residents to nonresidents of general merchandise, net exports of goods under merchanting, nonmonetary gold, and services. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Goods exports > BoP, current US$, % of GDP: Goods exports (BoP, current US$). Goods exports refer to all movable goods (including nonmonetary gold and net exports of goods under merchanting) involved in a change of ownership from residents to nonresidents. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • ICT goods imports > % total goods imports: ICT goods imports (% total goods imports). Information and communication technology goods imports include telecommunications, audio and video, computer and related equipment; electronic components; and other information and communication technology goods. Software is excluded.
  • Import value index > 2000 = 100: Import value index (2000 = 100). Import value indexes are the current value of imports (c.i.f.) converted to U.S. dollars and expressed as a percentage of the average for the base period (2000). UNCTAD's import value indexes are reported for most economies. For selected economies for which UNCTAD does not publish data, the import value indexes are derived from import volume indexes (line 73) and corresponding unit value indexes of imports (line 75) in the IMF's International Financial Statistics.
  • Import value index > 2000 = 100 per million: Import value index (2000 = 100). Import value indexes are the current value of imports (c.i.f.) converted to U.S. dollars and expressed as a percentage of the average for the base period (2000). UNCTAD's import value indexes are reported for most economies. For selected economies for which UNCTAD does not publish data, the import value indexes are derived from import volume indexes (line 73) and corresponding unit value indexes of imports (line 75) in the IMF's International Financial Statistics. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Lead time to import, median case > Days per million: Lead time to import, median case (days). Lead time to import is the median time (the value for 50 percent of shipments) from port of discharge to arrival at the consignee. Data are from the Logistics Performance Index survey. Respondents provided separate values for the best case (10 percent of shipments) and the median case (50 percent of shipments). The data are exponentiated averages of the logarithm of single value responses and of midpoint values of range responses for the median case. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Liner shipping connectivity index > Maximum value in 2004 = 100 per million: Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum value in 2004 = 100). The Liner Shipping Connectivity Index captures how well countries are connected to global shipping networks. It is computed by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) based on five components of the maritime transport sector: number of ships, their container-carrying capacity, maximum vessel size, number of services, and number of companies that deploy container ships in a country's ports. For each component a country's value is divided by the maximum value of each component in 2004, the five components are averaged for each country, and the average is divided by the maximum average for 2004 and multiplied by 100. The index generates a value of 100 for the country with the highest average index in 2004. . The underlying data come from Containerisation International Online. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Ores and metals imports > % of merchandise imports: Ores and metals imports (% of merchandise imports). Ores and metals comprise commodities in SITC sections 27 (crude fertilizer, minerals nes); 28 (metalliferous ores, scrap); and 68 (non-ferrous metals).
  • Service exports > BoP, current US$: Service exports (BoP, current US$). Services refer to economic output of intangible commodities that may be produced, transferred, and consumed at the same time. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Imports of goods and services > BoP, current US$ per capita: Imports of goods and services (BoP, current US$). Imports of goods and services comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from nonresidents to residents of general merchandise, nonmonetary gold, and services. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Goods imports > BoP, current US$, % of GDP: Goods imports (BoP, current US$). Goods imports refer to all movable goods (including nonmonetary gold) involved in a change of ownership from nonresidents to residents. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Imports of goods and services > BoP, current US$: Imports of goods and services (BoP, current US$). Imports of goods and services comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from nonresidents to residents of general merchandise, nonmonetary gold, and services. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Taxes on exports > % of tax revenue: Taxes on exports (% of tax revenue). Taxes on exports are all levies on goods being transported out of the country or services being delivered to nonresidents by residents. Rebates on exported goods that are repayments of previously paid general consumption taxes, excise taxes, or import duties are deducted from the gross amounts receivable from these taxes, not from amounts receivable from export taxes.
  • Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$ per capita: Arms imports (constant 1990 US$). Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Imports of goods and services > Current LCU: Imports of goods and services (current LCU). Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in current local currency.
  • Imports of goods and services > Current LCU per capita: Imports of goods and services (current LCU). Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in current local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Net barter terms of trade index > 2000 = 100: Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100). Net barter terms of trade index is calculated as the percentage ratio of the export unit value indexes to the import unit value indexes, measured relative to the base year 2000. Unit value indexes are based on data reported by countries that demonstrate consistency under UNCTAD quality controls, supplemented by UNCTADu2019s estimates using the previous yearu2019s trade values at the Standard International Trade Classification three-digit level as weights. To improve data coverage, especially for the latest periods, UNCTAD constructs a set of average prices indexes at the three-digit product classification of the Standard International Trade Classification revision 3 using UNCTADu2019s Commodity Price Statistics, internaxadtional and national sources, and UNCTAD secretariat estimates and calculates unit value indexes at the country level using the current yearu2019s trade values as weights.
  • Export volume index > 2000 = 100: Export volume index (2000 = 100). Export volume indexes are derived from UNCTAD's volume index series and are the ratio of the export value indexes to the corresponding unit value indexes. Unit value indexes are based on data reported by countries that demonstrate consistency under UNCTAD quality controls, supplemented by UNCTADu2019s estimates using the previous yearu2019s trade values at the Standard International Trade Classification three-digit level as weights. To improve data coverage, especially for the latest periods, UNCTAD constructs a set of average prices indexes at the three-digit product classification of the Standard International Trade Classification revision 3 using UNCTADu2019s Commodity Price Statistics, internaxadtional and national sources, and UNCTAD secretariat estimates and calculates unit value indexes at the country level using the current yearu2019s trade values as weights. For economies for which UNCTAD does not publish data, the export volume indexes (lines 72) in the IMF's International Financial Statistics are used.
  • Merchandise exports to developing economies in East Asia & Pacific > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports to developing economies in East Asia & Pacific (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports to developing economies in East Asia and Pacific are the sum of merchandise exports from the reporting economy to developing economies in the East Asia and Pacific region according to World Bank classification of economies. Data are as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy. Data are computed only if at least half of the economies in the partner country group had non-missing data.
  • Merchandise exports to developing economies in Middle East & North Africa > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports to developing economies in Middle East & North Africa (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports to developing economies in Middle East and North Africa are the sum of merchandise exports from the reporting economy to developing economies in the Middle East and North Africa region according to World Bank classification of economies. Data are as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy. Data are computed only if at least half of the economies in the partner country group had non-missing data.
  • Transport services > % of commercial service exports: Transport services (% of commercial service exports). Transport services (% of commercial service exports) covers all transport services (sea, air, land, internal waterway, space, and pipeline) performed by residents of one economy for those of another and involving the carriage of passengers, movement of goods (freight), rental of carriers with crew, and related support and auxiliary services. Excluded are freight insurance, which is included in insurance services; goods procured in ports by nonresident carriers and repairs of transport equipment, which are included in goods; repairs of railway facilities, harbors, and airfield facilities, which are included in construction services; and rental of carriers without crew, which is included in other services.
  • Energy imports, net > % of energy use: Energy imports, net (% of energy use). Net energy imports are estimated as energy use less production, both measured in oil equivalents. A negative value indicates that the country is a net exporter. Energy use refers to use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport.
  • Exports of goods and services > Annual % growth: Exports of goods and services (annual % growth). Annual growth rate of exports of goods and services based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments.
  • Imports of goods and services > Current US$: Imports of goods and services (current US$). Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Documents to export > Number: Documents to export (number). All documents required per shipment to export goods are recorded. It is assumed that the contract has already been agreed upon and signed by both parties. Documents required for clearance by government ministries, customs authorities, port and container terminal authorities, health and technical control agencies and banks are taken into account. Since payment is by letter of credit, all documents required by banks for the issuance or securing of a letter of credit are also taken into account. Documents that are renewed annually and that do not require renewal per shipment (for example, an annual tax clearance certificate) are not included.
  • Armed forces personnel > % of total labor force: Armed forces personnel (% of total labor force). Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organization, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces. Labor force comprises all people who meet the International Labour Organization's definition of the economically active population.
  • Imports of goods and services > Annual % growth: Imports of goods and services (annual % growth). Annual growth rate of imports of goods and services based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments.
  • External balance on goods and services > Constant LCU: External balance on goods and services (constant LCU). External balance on goods and services (formerly resource balance) equals exports of goods and services minus imports of goods and services (previously nonfactor services). Data are in constant local currency.
  • Wholesale price index > 2005 = 100 per million: Wholesale price index (2005 = 100). Wholesale price index refers to a mix of agricultural and industrial goods at various stages of production and distribution, including import duties. The Laspeyres formula is generally used. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Lead time to export, median case > Days per million: Lead time to export, median case (days). Lead time to export is the median time (the value for 50 percent of shipments) from shipment point to port of loading. Data are from the Logistics Performance Index survey. Respondents provided separate values for the best case (10 percent of shipments) and the median case (50 percent of shipments). The data are exponentiated averages of the logarithm of single value responses and of midpoint values of range responses for the median case. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Logistics performance index: Ease of arranging competitively priced shipments > 1=low to 5=high per million: Logistics performance index: Ease of arranging competitively priced shipments (1=low to 5=high). Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Details of the survey methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Respondents assessed the ease of arranging competitively priced shipments to markets, on a rating ranging from 1 (very difficult) to 5 (very easy). Scores are averaged across all respondents. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Logistics performance index: Ability to track and trace consignments > 1=low to 5=high per million: Logistics performance index: Ability to track and trace consignments (1=low to 5=high). Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Details of the survey methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Respondents evaluated the ability to track and trace consignments when shipping to the market, on a rating ranging from 1 (very low) to 5 (very high). Scores are averaged across all respondents. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Exports of goods and services > Constant LCU per capita: Exports of goods and services (constant LCU). Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in constant local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Imports of goods and services > Current US$ per capita: Imports of goods and services (current US$). Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Imports of goods and services > Constant 2000 US$ per capita: Imports of goods and services (constant 2000 US$). Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Air transport, freight > Million ton-km: Air transport, freight (million ton-km). Air freight is the volume of freight, express, and diplomatic bags carried on each flight stage (operation of an aircraft from takeoff to its next landing), measured in metric tons times kilometers traveled.
  • Lead time to export, median case > Days: Lead time to export, median case (days). Lead time to export is the median time (the value for 50 percent of shipments) from shipment point to port of loading. Data are from the Logistics Performance Index survey. Respondents provided separate values for the best case (10 percent of shipments) and the median case (50 percent of shipments). The data are exponentiated averages of the logarithm of single value responses and of midpoint values of range responses for the median case.
  • Logistics performance index: Quality of trade and transport-related infrastructure > 1=low to 5=high: Logistics performance index: Quality of trade and transport-related infrastructure (1=low to 5=high). Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Details of the survey methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Respondents evaluated the quality of trade and transport related infrastructure (e.g. ports, railroads, roads, information technology), on a rating ranging from 1 (very low) to 5 (very high). Scores are averaged across all respondents.
  • Fuel imports > % of merchandise imports: Fuel imports (% of merchandise imports). Fuels comprise the commodities in SITC section 3 (mineral fuels).
  • Export volume index > 2000 = 100 per million: Export volume index (2000 = 100). Export volume indexes are derived from UNCTAD's volume index series and are the ratio of the export value indexes to the corresponding unit value indexes. Unit value indexes are based on data reported by countries that demonstrate consistency under UNCTAD quality controls, supplemented by UNCTADu2019s estimates using the previous yearu2019s trade values at the Standard International Trade Classification three-digit level as weights. To improve data coverage, especially for the latest periods, UNCTAD constructs a set of average prices indexes at the three-digit product classification of the Standard International Trade Classification revision 3 using UNCTADu2019s Commodity Price Statistics, internaxadtional and national sources, and UNCTAD secretariat estimates and calculates unit value indexes at the country level using the current yearu2019s trade values as weights. For economies for which UNCTAD does not publish data, the export volume indexes (lines 72) in the IMF's International Financial Statistics are used. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Net official flows from UN agencies, WFP > Current US$: Net official flows from UN agencies, WFP (current US$). Net official flows from UN agencies are the net disbursements of total official flows from the UN agencies. Total official flows are the sum of Official Development Assistance (ODA) or official aid and Other Official Flows (OOF) and represent the total disbursements by the official sector at large to the recipient country. Net disbursements are gross disbursements of grants and loans minus repayments of principal on earlier loans. ODA consists of loans made on concessional terms (with a grant element of at least 25 percent, calculated at a rate of discount of 10 percent) and grants made to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territories in the DAC list of ODA recipients. Official aid refers to aid flows from official donors to countries and territories in part II of the DAC list of recipients: more advanced countries of Central and Eastern Europe, the countries of the former Soviet Union, and certain advanced developing countries and territories. Official aid is provided under terms and conditions similar to those for ODA. Part II of the DAC List was abolished in 2005. The collection of data on official aid and other resource flows to Part II countries ended with 2004 data. OOF are transactions by the official sector whose main objective is other than development-motivated, or, if development-motivated, whose grant element is below the 25 per cent threshold which would make them eligible to be recorded as ODA. The main classes of transactions included here are official export credits, official sector equity and portfolio investment, and debt reorganization undertaken by the official sector at nonconcessional terms (irrespective of the nature or the identity of the original creditor). UN agencies are United Nations and include the United Nations Childrenu2019s Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), United Nations Regular Programme for Technical Assistance (UNTA), International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), International Fund for Agriculxadtural Development (IFAD), Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), United Nations Population Fund (UNPD), United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), World Food Programme (WFP), and World Health Organization (WHO). Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Smoking prevalence, females > % of adults: Smoking prevalence, females (% of adults). Prevalence of smoking, female is the percentage of women ages 15 and over who smoke any form of tobacco, including cigarettes, cigars, and pipes, and excluding smokeless tobacco. Data include daily and non-daily smoking.
  • CO2 emissions from transport > % of total fuel combustion: CO2 emissions from transport (% of total fuel combustion). CO2 emissions from transport contains emissions from the combustion of fuel for all transport activity, regardless of the sector, except for international marine bunkers and international aviation. This includes domestic aviation, domestic navigation, road, rail and pipeline transport, and corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 3. In addition, the IEA data are not collected in a way that allows the autoproducer consumption to be split by specific end-use and therefore, autoproducers are shown as a separate item (Unallocated Autoproducers).
  • Merchandise exports to developing economies in Europe & Central Asia > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports to developing economies in Europe & Central Asia (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports to developing economies in Europe and Central Asia are the sum of merchandise exports from the reporting economy to developing economies in the Europe and Central Asia region according to World Bank classification of economies. Data are as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy. Data are computed only if at least half of the economies in the partner country group had non-missing data.
  • Merchandise exports to developing economies in Latin America & the Caribbean > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports to developing economies in Latin America & the Caribbean (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports to developing economies in Latin America and the Caribbean are the sum of merchandise exports from the reporting economy to developing economies in the Latin America and the Caribbean region according to World Bank classification of economies. Data are as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy. Data are computed only if at least half of the economies in the partner country group had non-missing data.
  • Exports of goods and services > % of GDP: Exports of goods and services (% of GDP). Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments.
  • Total reserves in months of imports: Total reserves in months of imports. Total reserves comprise holdings of monetary gold, special drawing rights, reserves of IMF members held by the IMF, and holdings of foreign exchange under the control of monetary authorities. The gold component of these reserves is valued at year-end (December 31) London prices. This item shows reserves expressed in terms of the number of months of imports of goods and services they could pay for [Reserves/(Imports/12)].
  • Documents to export > Number per million: Documents to export (number). All documents required per shipment to export goods are recorded. It is assumed that the contract has already been agreed upon and signed by both parties. Documents required for clearance by government ministries, customs authorities, port and container terminal authorities, health and technical control agencies and banks are taken into account. Since payment is by letter of credit, all documents required by banks for the issuance or securing of a letter of credit are also taken into account. Documents that are renewed annually and that do not require renewal per shipment (for example, an annual tax clearance certificate) are not included. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Cost to import > US$ per container: Cost to import (US$ per container). Cost measures the fees levied on a 20-foot container in U.S. dollars. All the fees associated with completing the procedures to export or import the goods are included. These include costs for documents, administrative fees for customs clearance and technical control, customs broker fees, terminal handling charges and inland transport. The cost measure does not include tariffs or trade taxes. Only official costs are recorded.
  • Air transport, registered carrier departures worldwide: Air transport, registered carrier departures worldwide. Registered carrier departures worldwide are domestic takeoffs and takeoffs abroad of air carriers registered in the country.
  • Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$, % of GDP: Arms imports (constant 1990 US$). Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Imports of goods and services > Current US$, % of GDP: Imports of goods and services (current US$). Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Imports of goods and services > Constant 2000 US$, % of GDP: Imports of goods and services (constant 2000 US$). Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • External balance on goods and services > Current LCU per million: External balance on goods and services (current LCU). External balance on goods and services (formerly resource balance) equals exports of goods and services minus imports of goods and services (previously nonfactor services). Data are in current local currency. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Terms of trade adjustment > Constant LCU: Terms of trade adjustment (constant LCU). The terms of trade effect equals capacity to import less exports of goods and services in constant prices. Data are in constant local currency.
  • Net official flows from UN agencies, UNFPA > Current US$, % of GDP: Net official flows from UN agencies, UNFPA (current US$). Net official flows from UN agencies are the net disbursements of total official flows from the UN agencies. Total official flows are the sum of Official Development Assistance (ODA) or official aid and Other Official Flows (OOF) and represent the total disbursements by the official sector at large to the recipient country. Net disbursements are gross disbursements of grants and loans minus repayments of principal on earlier loans. ODA consists of loans made on concessional terms (with a grant element of at least 25 percent, calculated at a rate of discount of 10 percent) and grants made to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territories in the DAC list of ODA recipients. Official aid refers to aid flows from official donors to countries and territories in part II of the DAC list of recipients: more advanced countries of Central and Eastern Europe, the countries of the former Soviet Union, and certain advanced developing countries and territories. Official aid is provided under terms and conditions similar to those for ODA. Part II of the DAC List was abolished in 2005. The collection of data on official aid and other resource flows to Part II countries ended with 2004 data. OOF are transactions by the official sector whose main objective is other than development-motivated, or, if development-motivated, whose grant element is below the 25 per cent threshold which would make them eligible to be recorded as ODA. The main classes of transactions included here are official export credits, official sector equity and portfolio investment, and debt reorganization undertaken by the official sector at nonconcessional terms (irrespective of the nature or the identity of the original creditor). UN agencies are United Nations and include the United Nations Childrenu2019s Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), United Nations Regular Programme for Technical Assistance (UNTA), International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), International Fund for Agriculxadtural Development (IFAD), Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), United Nations Population Fund (UNPD), United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), World Food Programme (WFP), and World Health Organization (WHO). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Net official flows from UN agencies, UNTA > Current US$ per 1000: Net official flows from UN agencies, UNTA (current US$). Net official flows from UN agencies are the net disbursements of total official flows from the UN agencies. Total official flows are the sum of Official Development Assistance (ODA) or official aid and Other Official Flows (OOF) and represent the total disbursements by the official sector at large to the recipient country. Net disbursements are gross disbursements of grants and loans minus repayments of principal on earlier loans. ODA consists of loans made on concessional terms (with a grant element of at least 25 percent, calculated at a rate of discount of 10 percent) and grants made to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territories in the DAC list of ODA recipients. Official aid refers to aid flows from official donors to countries and territories in part II of the DAC list of recipients: more advanced countries of Central and Eastern Europe, the countries of the former Soviet Union, and certain advanced developing countries and territories. Official aid is provided under terms and conditions similar to those for ODA. Part II of the DAC List was abolished in 2005. The collection of data on official aid and other resource flows to Part II countries ended with 2004 data. OOF are transactions by the official sector whose main objective is other than development-motivated, or, if development-motivated, whose grant element is below the 25 per cent threshold which would make them eligible to be recorded as ODA. The main classes of transactions included here are official export credits, official sector equity and portfolio investment, and debt reorganization undertaken by the official sector at nonconcessional terms (irrespective of the nature or the identity of the original creditor). UN agencies are United Nations and include the United Nations Childrenu2019s Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), United Nations Regular Programme for Technical Assistance (UNTA), International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), International Fund for Agriculxadtural Development (IFAD), Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), United Nations Population Fund (UNPD), United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), World Food Programme (WFP), and World Health Organization (WHO). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Imports of goods and services > BoP, current US$, % of GDP: Imports of goods and services (BoP, current US$). Imports of goods and services comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from nonresidents to residents of general merchandise, nonmonetary gold, and services. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Exports of goods and services > BoP, current US$, % of GDP: Exports of goods and services (BoP, current US$). Exports of goods and services comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from residents to nonresidents of general merchandise, net exports of goods under merchanting, nonmonetary gold, and services. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Service exports > BoP, current US$, % of GDP: Service exports (BoP, current US$). Services refer to economic output of intangible commodities that may be produced, transferred, and consumed at the same time. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Current account balance > % of GDP: Current account balance (% of GDP). Current account balance is the sum of net exports of goods and services, net primary income, and net secondary income.
  • Air transport, freight > Million ton-km per million: Air transport, freight (million ton-km). Air freight is the volume of freight, express, and diplomatic bags carried on each flight stage (operation of an aircraft from takeoff to its next landing), measured in metric tons times kilometers traveled. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Lead time to import, median case > Days: Lead time to import, median case (days). Lead time to import is the median time (the value for 50 percent of shipments) from port of discharge to arrival at the consignee. Data are from the Logistics Performance Index survey. Respondents provided separate values for the best case (10 percent of shipments) and the median case (50 percent of shipments). The data are exponentiated averages of the logarithm of single value responses and of midpoint values of range responses for the median case.
  • Merchandise exports to economies in the Arab World > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports to economies in the Arab World (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports to economies in the Arab World are the sum of merchandise exports by the reporting economy to economies in the Arab World. Data are expressed as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy. Data are computed only if at least half of the economies in the partner country group had non-missing data.
  • Export value index > 2000 = 100: Export value index (2000 = 100). Export values are the current value of exports (f.o.b.) converted to U.S. dollars and expressed as a percentage of the average for the base period (2000). UNCTAD's export value indexes are reported for most economies. For selected economies for which UNCTAD does not publish data, the export value indexes are derived from export volume indexes (line 72) and corresponding unit value indexes of exports (line 74) in the IMF's International Financial Statistics.
  • Travel services > % of commercial service exports: Travel services (% of commercial service exports). Travel services (% of commercial service exports) covers goods and services acquired from an economy by travelers in that economy for their own use during visits of less than one year for business or personal purposes. Travel services include the goods and services consumed by travelers, such as lodging and meals and transport (within the economy visited).
  • Exports of goods and services > Current LCU per capita: Exports of goods and services (current LCU). Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in current local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Exports of goods and services > Current LCU: Exports of goods and services (current LCU). Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in current local currency.
  • Terms of trade adjustment > Constant LCU per capita: Terms of trade adjustment (constant LCU). The terms of trade effect equals capacity to import less exports of goods and services in constant prices. Data are in constant local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Food exports > % of merchandise exports: Food exports (% of merchandise exports). Food comprises the commodities in SITC sections 0 (food and live animals), 1 (beverages and tobacco), and 4 (animal and vegetable oils and fats) and SITC division 22 (oil seeds, oil nuts, and oil kernels).
  • Computer, communications and other services > % of commercial service imports: Computer, communications and other services (% of commercial service imports). Computer, communications and other services (% of commercial service imports) include such activities as international telecommunications, and postal and courier services; computer data; news-related service transactions between residents and nonresidents; construction services; royalties and license fees; miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services; and personal, cultural, and recreational services.
  • Exports of goods and services > BoP, current US$ per capita: Exports of goods and services (BoP, current US$). Exports of goods and services comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from residents to nonresidents of general merchandise, net exports of goods under merchanting, nonmonetary gold, and services. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Net official flows from UN agencies, UNFPA > Current US$ per 1000: Net official flows from UN agencies, UNFPA (current US$). Net official flows from UN agencies are the net disbursements of total official flows from the UN agencies. Total official flows are the sum of Official Development Assistance (ODA) or official aid and Other Official Flows (OOF) and represent the total disbursements by the official sector at large to the recipient country. Net disbursements are gross disbursements of grants and loans minus repayments of principal on earlier loans. ODA consists of loans made on concessional terms (with a grant element of at least 25 percent, calculated at a rate of discount of 10 percent) and grants made to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territories in the DAC list of ODA recipients. Official aid refers to aid flows from official donors to countries and territories in part II of the DAC list of recipients: more advanced countries of Central and Eastern Europe, the countries of the former Soviet Union, and certain advanced developing countries and territories. Official aid is provided under terms and conditions similar to those for ODA. Part II of the DAC List was abolished in 2005. The collection of data on official aid and other resource flows to Part II countries ended with 2004 data. OOF are transactions by the official sector whose main objective is other than development-motivated, or, if development-motivated, whose grant element is below the 25 per cent threshold which would make them eligible to be recorded as ODA. The main classes of transactions included here are official export credits, official sector equity and portfolio investment, and debt reorganization undertaken by the official sector at nonconcessional terms (irrespective of the nature or the identity of the original creditor). UN agencies are United Nations and include the United Nations Childrenu2019s Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), United Nations Regular Programme for Technical Assistance (UNTA), International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), International Fund for Agriculxadtural Development (IFAD), Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), United Nations Population Fund (UNPD), United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), World Food Programme (WFP), and World Health Organization (WHO). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Goods exports > BoP, current US$ per capita: Goods exports (BoP, current US$). Goods exports refer to all movable goods (including nonmonetary gold and net exports of goods under merchanting) involved in a change of ownership from residents to nonresidents. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Service exports > BoP, current US$ per capita: Service exports (BoP, current US$). Services refer to economic output of intangible commodities that may be produced, transferred, and consumed at the same time. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Net official flows from UN agencies, UNHCR > Current US$ per 1000: Net official flows from UN agencies, UNHCR (current US$). Net official flows from UN agencies are the net disbursements of total official flows from the UN agencies. Total official flows are the sum of Official Development Assistance (ODA) or official aid and Other Official Flows (OOF) and represent the total disbursements by the official sector at large to the recipient country. Net disbursements are gross disbursements of grants and loans minus repayments of principal on earlier loans. ODA consists of loans made on concessional terms (with a grant element of at least 25 percent, calculated at a rate of discount of 10 percent) and grants made to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territories in the DAC list of ODA recipients. Official aid refers to aid flows from official donors to countries and territories in part II of the DAC list of recipients: more advanced countries of Central and Eastern Europe, the countries of the former Soviet Union, and certain advanced developing countries and territories. Official aid is provided under terms and conditions similar to those for ODA. Part II of the DAC List was abolished in 2005. The collection of data on official aid and other resource flows to Part II countries ended with 2004 data. OOF are transactions by the official sector whose main objective is other than development-motivated, or, if development-motivated, whose grant element is below the 25 per cent threshold which would make them eligible to be recorded as ODA. The main classes of transactions included here are official export credits, official sector equity and portfolio investment, and debt reorganization undertaken by the official sector at nonconcessional terms (irrespective of the nature or the identity of the original creditor). UN agencies are United Nations and include the United Nations Childrenu2019s Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), United Nations Regular Programme for Technical Assistance (UNTA), International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), International Fund for Agriculxadtural Development (IFAD), Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), United Nations Population Fund (UNPD), United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), World Food Programme (WFP), and World Health Organization (WHO). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Net official flows from UN agencies, UNHCR > Current US$, % of GDP: Net official flows from UN agencies, UNHCR (current US$). Net official flows from UN agencies are the net disbursements of total official flows from the UN agencies. Total official flows are the sum of Official Development Assistance (ODA) or official aid and Other Official Flows (OOF) and represent the total disbursements by the official sector at large to the recipient country. Net disbursements are gross disbursements of grants and loans minus repayments of principal on earlier loans. ODA consists of loans made on concessional terms (with a grant element of at least 25 percent, calculated at a rate of discount of 10 percent) and grants made to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territories in the DAC list of ODA recipients. Official aid refers to aid flows from official donors to countries and territories in part II of the DAC list of recipients: more advanced countries of Central and Eastern Europe, the countries of the former Soviet Union, and certain advanced developing countries and territories. Official aid is provided under terms and conditions similar to those for ODA. Part II of the DAC List was abolished in 2005. The collection of data on official aid and other resource flows to Part II countries ended with 2004 data. OOF are transactions by the official sector whose main objective is other than development-motivated, or, if development-motivated, whose grant element is below the 25 per cent threshold which would make them eligible to be recorded as ODA. The main classes of transactions included here are official export credits, official sector equity and portfolio investment, and debt reorganization undertaken by the official sector at nonconcessional terms (irrespective of the nature or the identity of the original creditor). UN agencies are United Nations and include the United Nations Childrenu2019s Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), United Nations Regular Programme for Technical Assistance (UNTA), International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), International Fund for Agriculxadtural Development (IFAD), Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), United Nations Population Fund (UNPD), United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), World Food Programme (WFP), and World Health Organization (WHO). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • CO2 emissions from transport > Million metric tons per million: CO2 emissions from transport (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from transport contains emissions from the combustion of fuel for all transport activity, regardless of the sector, except for international marine bunkers and international aviation. This includes domestic aviation, domestic navigation, road, rail and pipeline transport, and corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 3. In addition, the IEA data are not collected in a way that allows the autoproducer consumption to be split by specific end-use and therefore, autoproducers are shown as a separate item (Unallocated Autoproducers). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Net official flows from UN agencies, UNHCR > Current US$: Net official flows from UN agencies, UNHCR (current US$). Net official flows from UN agencies are the net disbursements of total official flows from the UN agencies. Total official flows are the sum of Official Development Assistance (ODA) or official aid and Other Official Flows (OOF) and represent the total disbursements by the official sector at large to the recipient country. Net disbursements are gross disbursements of grants and loans minus repayments of principal on earlier loans. ODA consists of loans made on concessional terms (with a grant element of at least 25 percent, calculated at a rate of discount of 10 percent) and grants made to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territories in the DAC list of ODA recipients. Official aid refers to aid flows from official donors to countries and territories in part II of the DAC list of recipients: more advanced countries of Central and Eastern Europe, the countries of the former Soviet Union, and certain advanced developing countries and territories. Official aid is provided under terms and conditions similar to those for ODA. Part II of the DAC List was abolished in 2005. The collection of data on official aid and other resource flows to Part II countries ended with 2004 data. OOF are transactions by the official sector whose main objective is other than development-motivated, or, if development-motivated, whose grant element is below the 25 per cent threshold which would make them eligible to be recorded as ODA. The main classes of transactions included here are official export credits, official sector equity and portfolio investment, and debt reorganization undertaken by the official sector at nonconcessional terms (irrespective of the nature or the identity of the original creditor). UN agencies are United Nations and include the United Nations Childrenu2019s Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), United Nations Regular Programme for Technical Assistance (UNTA), International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), International Fund for Agriculxadtural Development (IFAD), Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), United Nations Population Fund (UNPD), United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), World Food Programme (WFP), and World Health Organization (WHO). Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Time to import > Days: Time to import (days). Time is recorded in calendar days. The time calculation for a procedure starts from the moment it is initiated and runs until it is completed. If a procedure can be accelerated for an additional cost, the fastest legal procedure is chosen. It is assumed that neither the exporter nor the importer wastes time and that each commits to completing each remaining procedure without delay. Procedures that can be completed in parallel are measured as simultaneous. The waiting time between procedures--for example, during unloading of the cargo--is included in the measure.
  • Liner shipping connectivity index > Maximum value in 2004 = 100: Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum value in 2004 = 100). The Liner Shipping Connectivity Index captures how well countries are connected to global shipping networks. It is computed by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) based on five components of the maritime transport sector: number of ships, their container-carrying capacity, maximum vessel size, number of services, and number of companies that deploy container ships in a country's ports. For each component a country's value is divided by the maximum value of each component in 2004, the five components are averaged for each country, and the average is divided by the maximum average for 2004 and multiplied by 100. The index generates a value of 100 for the country with the highest average index in 2004. . The underlying data come from Containerisation International Online.
  • Logistics performance index: Efficiency of customs clearance process > 1=low to 5=high: Logistics performance index: Efficiency of customs clearance process (1=low to 5=high). Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Details of the survey methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Respondents evaluated efficiency of customs clearance processes (i.e. speed, simplicity and predictability of formalities), on a rating ranging from 1 (very low) to 5 (very high). Scores are averaged across all respondents.
  • Logistics performance index: Ability to track and trace consignments > 1=low to 5=high: Logistics performance index: Ability to track and trace consignments (1=low to 5=high). Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Details of the survey methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Respondents evaluated the ability to track and trace consignments when shipping to the market, on a rating ranging from 1 (very low) to 5 (very high). Scores are averaged across all respondents.
  • Logistics performance index: Efficiency of customs clearance process > 1=low to 5=high per million: Logistics performance index: Efficiency of customs clearance process (1=low to 5=high). Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Details of the survey methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Respondents evaluated efficiency of customs clearance processes (i.e. speed, simplicity and predictability of formalities), on a rating ranging from 1 (very low) to 5 (very high). Scores are averaged across all respondents. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Smoking prevalence, males > % of adults: Smoking prevalence, males (% of adults). Prevalence of smoking, male is the percentage of men ages 15 and over who smoke any form of tobacco, including cigarettes, cigars, and pipes, and excluding smokeless tobacco. Data include daily and non-daily smoking.
  • Tuberculosis treatment success rate > % of registered cases: Tuberculosis treatment success rate (% of registered cases). Tuberculosis treatment success rate is the percentage of new, registered smear-positive (infectious) cases that were cured or in which a full course of treatment was completed.
  • Insurance and financial services > % of service exports, BoP: Insurance and financial services (% of service exports, BoP). Insurance and financial services cover various types of insurance provided to nonresidents by resident insurance enterprises and vice versa, and financial intermediary and auxiliary services (except those of insurance enterprises and pension funds) exchanged between residents and nonresidents.
  • Goods exports > BoP, current US$: Goods exports (BoP, current US$). Goods exports refer to all movable goods (including nonmonetary gold and net exports of goods under merchanting) involved in a change of ownership from residents to nonresidents. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Transport services > % of commercial service imports: Transport services (% of commercial service imports). Transport services (% of commercial service imports) covers all transport services (sea, air, land, internal waterway, space, and pipeline) performed by residents of one economy for those of another and involving the carriage of passengers, movement of goods (freight), rental of carriers with crew, and related support and auxiliary services. Excluded are freight insurance, which is included in insurance services; goods procured in ports by nonresident carriers and repairs of transport equipment, which are included in goods; repairs of railway facilities, harbors, and airfield facilities, which are included in construction services; and rental of carriers without crew, which is included in other services.
  • Agricultural raw materials exports > % of merchandise exports: Agricultural raw materials exports (% of merchandise exports). Agricultural raw materials comprise SITC section 2 (crude materials except fuels) excluding divisions 22, 27 (crude fertilizers and minerals excluding coal, petroleum, and precious stones), and 28 (metalliferous ores and scrap).
  • ICT goods exports > % of total goods exports: ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports). Information and communication technology goods exports include telecommunications, audio and video, computer and related equipment; electronic components; and other information and communication technology goods. Software is excluded.
  • Merchandise exports to high-income economies > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports to high-income economies (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports to high-income economies are the sum of merchandise exports from the reporting economy to high-income economies according to the World Bank classification of economies. Data are expressed as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy. Data are computed only if at least half of the economies in the partner country group had non-missing data.
  • Net barter terms of trade index > 2000 = 100 per million: Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100). Net barter terms of trade index is calculated as the percentage ratio of the export unit value indexes to the import unit value indexes, measured relative to the base year 2000. Unit value indexes are based on data reported by countries that demonstrate consistency under UNCTAD quality controls, supplemented by UNCTADu2019s estimates using the previous yearu2019s trade values at the Standard International Trade Classification three-digit level as weights. To improve data coverage, especially for the latest periods, UNCTAD constructs a set of average prices indexes at the three-digit product classification of the Standard International Trade Classification revision 3 using UNCTADu2019s Commodity Price Statistics, internaxadtional and national sources, and UNCTAD secretariat estimates and calculates unit value indexes at the country level using the current yearu2019s trade values as weights. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Merchandise exports to developing economies outside region > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports to developing economies outside region (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports to developing economies outside region are the sum of merchandise exports from the reporting economy to other developing economies in other World Bank regions according to the World Bank classification of economies. Data are expressed as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy. Data are computed only if at least half of the economies in the partner country group had non-missing data.
  • Merchandise exports to developing economies in Sub-Saharan Africa > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports to developing economies in Sub-Saharan Africa (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports to developing economies in Sub-Saharan Africa are the sum of merchandise exports from the reporting economy to developing economies in the Sub-Saharan Africa region according to World Bank classification of economies. Data are as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy. Data are computed only if at least half of the economies in the partner country group had non-missing data.
  • Goods imports > BoP, current US$: Goods imports (BoP, current US$). Goods imports refer to all movable goods (including nonmonetary gold) involved in a change of ownership from nonresidents to residents. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Communications, computer, etc. > % of service exports, BoP: Communications, computer, etc. (% of service exports, BoP). Communications, computer, information, and other services cover international telecommunications; computer data; news-related service transactions between residents and nonresidents; construction services; royalties and license fees; miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services; personal, cultural, and recreational services; manufacturing services on physical inputs owned by others; and maintenance and repair services and government services not included elsewhere.
  • Interest payments on external debt > % of exports of goods, services and primary income: Interest payments on external debt (% of exports of goods, services and primary income). Total interest payments to exports of goods and services.
  • Services, etc., value added > Annual % growth: Services, etc., value added (annual % growth). Annual growth rate for value added in services based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3.
  • Insurance and financial services > % of commercial service imports: Insurance and financial services (% of commercial service imports). Insurance and financial services cover freight insurance on goods imported and other direct insurance such as life insurance; financial intermediation services such as commissions, foreign exchange transactions, and brokerage services; and auxiliary services such as financial market operational and regulatory services.
  • Goods imports > BoP, current US$ per capita: Goods imports (BoP, current US$). Goods imports refer to all movable goods (including nonmonetary gold) involved in a change of ownership from nonresidents to residents. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Armed forces personnel, total: Armed forces personnel, total. Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organization, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces.
  • External balance on goods and services > Current LCU: External balance on goods and services (current LCU). External balance on goods and services (formerly resource balance) equals exports of goods and services minus imports of goods and services (previously nonfactor services). Data are in current local currency.
  • Exports of goods and services > Constant LCU: Exports of goods and services (constant LCU). Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in constant local currency.
  • Imports of goods and services > Constant 2000 US$: Imports of goods and services (constant 2000 US$). Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars.
  • Travel services > % of commercial service imports: Travel services (% of commercial service imports). Travel services (% of commercial service imports) covers goods and services acquired from an economy by travelers in that economy for their own use during visits of less than one year for business or personal purposes. Travel services include the goods and services consumed by travelers, such as lodging, meals, and transport (within the economy visited).
  • Insurance and financial services > % of commercial service exports: Insurance and financial services (% of commercial service exports). Insurance and financial services cover freight insurance on goods exported and other direct insurance such as life insurance; financial intermediation services such as commissions, foreign exchange transactions, and brokerage services; and auxiliary services such as financial market operational and regulatory services.
  • Time to import > Days per million: Time to import (days). Time is recorded in calendar days. The time calculation for a procedure starts from the moment it is initiated and runs until it is completed. If a procedure can be accelerated for an additional cost, the fastest legal procedure is chosen. It is assumed that neither the exporter nor the importer wastes time and that each commits to completing each remaining procedure without delay. Procedures that can be completed in parallel are measured as simultaneous. The waiting time between procedures--for example, during unloading of the cargo--is included in the measure. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Armed forces personnel, total per 1000: Armed forces personnel, total. Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organization, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • External balance on goods and services > Constant LCU per million: External balance on goods and services (constant LCU). External balance on goods and services (formerly resource balance) equals exports of goods and services minus imports of goods and services (previously nonfactor services). Data are in constant local currency. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Merchandise exports by the reporting economy, residual > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports by the reporting economy, residual (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports by the reporting economy residuals are the total merchandise exports by the reporting economy to the rest of the world as reported in the IMF's Direction of trade database, less the sum of exports by the reporting economy to high-, low-, and middle-income economies according to the World Bank classification of economies. Includes trade with unspecified partners or with economies not covered by World Bank classification. Data are as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy.
  • Travel services > % of service exports, BoP: Travel services (% of service exports, BoP). Travel covers goods and services acquired from an economy by travelers for their own use during visits of less than one year in that economy for either business or personal purposes. Travel includes local transport (i.e., transport within the economy being visited and provided by a resident of that economy), but excludes international transport (which is included in passenger transport. Travel also excludes goods for resale, which are included in general merchandise.
  • Net official flows from UN agencies, UNFPA > Current US$: Net official flows from UN agencies, UNFPA (current US$). Net official flows from UN agencies are the net disbursements of total official flows from the UN agencies. Total official flows are the sum of Official Development Assistance (ODA) or official aid and Other Official Flows (OOF) and represent the total disbursements by the official sector at large to the recipient country. Net disbursements are gross disbursements of grants and loans minus repayments of principal on earlier loans. ODA consists of loans made on concessional terms (with a grant element of at least 25 percent, calculated at a rate of discount of 10 percent) and grants made to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territories in the DAC list of ODA recipients. Official aid refers to aid flows from official donors to countries and territories in part II of the DAC list of recipients: more advanced countries of Central and Eastern Europe, the countries of the former Soviet Union, and certain advanced developing countries and territories. Official aid is provided under terms and conditions similar to those for ODA. Part II of the DAC List was abolished in 2005. The collection of data on official aid and other resource flows to Part II countries ended with 2004 data. OOF are transactions by the official sector whose main objective is other than development-motivated, or, if development-motivated, whose grant element is below the 25 per cent threshold which would make them eligible to be recorded as ODA. The main classes of transactions included here are official export credits, official sector equity and portfolio investment, and debt reorganization undertaken by the official sector at nonconcessional terms (irrespective of the nature or the identity of the original creditor). UN agencies are United Nations and include the United Nations Childrenu2019s Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), United Nations Regular Programme for Technical Assistance (UNTA), International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), International Fund for Agriculxadtural Development (IFAD), Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), United Nations Population Fund (UNPD), United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), World Food Programme (WFP), and World Health Organization (WHO). Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Imports of goods and services > % of GDP: Imports of goods and services (% of GDP). Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments.
  • Ores and metals exports > % of merchandise exports: Ores and metals exports (% of merchandise exports). Ores and metals comprise the commodities in SITC sections 27 (crude fertilizer, minerals nes); 28 (metalliferous ores, scrap); and 68 (non-ferrous metals).
  • Total reserves in months of imports per million: Total reserves in months of imports. Total reserves comprise holdings of monetary gold, special drawing rights, reserves of IMF members held by the IMF, and holdings of foreign exchange under the control of monetary authorities. The gold component of these reserves is valued at year-end (December 31) London prices. This item shows reserves expressed in terms of the number of months of imports of goods and services they could pay for [Reserves/(Imports/12)]. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Air transport, registered carrier departures worldwide per 1000: Air transport, registered carrier departures worldwide. Registered carrier departures worldwide are domestic takeoffs and takeoffs abroad of air carriers registered in the country. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Net official flows from UN agencies, UNDP > Current US$: Net official flows from UN agencies, UNDP (current US$). Net official flows from UN agencies are the net disbursements of total official flows from the UN agencies. Total official flows are the sum of Official Development Assistance (ODA) or official aid and Other Official Flows (OOF) and represent the total disbursements by the official sector at large to the recipient country. Net disbursements are gross disbursements of grants and loans minus repayments of principal on earlier loans. ODA consists of loans made on concessional terms (with a grant element of at least 25 percent, calculated at a rate of discount of 10 percent) and grants made to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territories in the DAC list of ODA recipients. Official aid refers to aid flows from official donors to countries and territories in part II of the DAC list of recipients: more advanced countries of Central and Eastern Europe, the countries of the former Soviet Union, and certain advanced developing countries and territories. Official aid is provided under terms and conditions similar to those for ODA. Part II of the DAC List was abolished in 2005. The collection of data on official aid and other resource flows to Part II countries ended with 2004 data. OOF are transactions by the official sector whose main objective is other than development-motivated, or, if development-motivated, whose grant element is below the 25 per cent threshold which would make them eligible to be recorded as ODA. The main classes of transactions included here are official export credits, official sector equity and portfolio investment, and debt reorganization undertaken by the official sector at nonconcessional terms (irrespective of the nature or the identity of the original creditor). UN agencies are United Nations and include the United Nations Childrenu2019s Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), United Nations Regular Programme for Technical Assistance (UNTA), International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), International Fund for Agriculxadtural Development (IFAD), Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), United Nations Population Fund (UNPD), United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), World Food Programme (WFP), and World Health Organization (WHO). Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Net official flows from UN agencies, UNTA > Current US$: Net official flows from UN agencies, UNTA (current US$). Net official flows from UN agencies are the net disbursements of total official flows from the UN agencies. Total official flows are the sum of Official Development Assistance (ODA) or official aid and Other Official Flows (OOF) and represent the total disbursements by the official sector at large to the recipient country. Net disbursements are gross disbursements of grants and loans minus repayments of principal on earlier loans. ODA consists of loans made on concessional terms (with a grant element of at least 25 percent, calculated at a rate of discount of 10 percent) and grants made to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territories in the DAC list of ODA recipients. Official aid refers to aid flows from official donors to countries and territories in part II of the DAC list of recipients: more advanced countries of Central and Eastern Europe, the countries of the former Soviet Union, and certain advanced developing countries and territories. Official aid is provided under terms and conditions similar to those for ODA. Part II of the DAC List was abolished in 2005. The collection of data on official aid and other resource flows to Part II countries ended with 2004 data. OOF are transactions by the official sector whose main objective is other than development-motivated, or, if development-motivated, whose grant element is below the 25 per cent threshold which would make them eligible to be recorded as ODA. The main classes of transactions included here are official export credits, official sector equity and portfolio investment, and debt reorganization undertaken by the official sector at nonconcessional terms (irrespective of the nature or the identity of the original creditor). UN agencies are United Nations and include the United Nations Childrenu2019s Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), United Nations Regular Programme for Technical Assistance (UNTA), International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), International Fund for Agriculxadtural Development (IFAD), Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), United Nations Population Fund (UNPD), United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), World Food Programme (WFP), and World Health Organization (WHO). Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Logistics performance index: Ease of arranging competitively priced shipments > 1=low to 5=high: Logistics performance index: Ease of arranging competitively priced shipments (1=low to 5=high). Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Details of the survey methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Respondents assessed the ease of arranging competitively priced shipments to markets, on a rating ranging from 1 (very difficult) to 5 (very easy). Scores are averaged across all respondents.
  • CO2 emissions from transport > Million metric tons: CO2 emissions from transport (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from transport contains emissions from the combustion of fuel for all transport activity, regardless of the sector, except for international marine bunkers and international aviation. This includes domestic aviation, domestic navigation, road, rail and pipeline transport, and corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 3. In addition, the IEA data are not collected in a way that allows the autoproducer consumption to be split by specific end-use and therefore, autoproducers are shown as a separate item (Unallocated Autoproducers).
  • Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$: Arms imports (constant 1990 US$). Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services.
  • Net official flows from UN agencies, UNDP > Current US$ per capita: Net official flows from UN agencies, UNDP (current US$). Net official flows from UN agencies are the net disbursements of total official flows from the UN agencies. Total official flows are the sum of Official Development Assistance (ODA) or official aid and Other Official Flows (OOF) and represent the total disbursements by the official sector at large to the recipient country. Net disbursements are gross disbursements of grants and loans minus repayments of principal on earlier loans. ODA consists of loans made on concessional terms (with a grant element of at least 25 percent, calculated at a rate of discount of 10 percent) and grants made to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territories in the DAC list of ODA recipients. Official aid refers to aid flows from official donors to countries and territories in part II of the DAC list of recipients: more advanced countries of Central and Eastern Europe, the countries of the former Soviet Union, and certain advanced developing countries and territories. Official aid is provided under terms and conditions similar to those for ODA. Part II of the DAC List was abolished in 2005. The collection of data on official aid and other resource flows to Part II countries ended with 2004 data. OOF are transactions by the official sector whose main objective is other than development-motivated, or, if development-motivated, whose grant element is below the 25 per cent threshold which would make them eligible to be recorded as ODA. The main classes of transactions included here are official export credits, official sector equity and portfolio investment, and debt reorganization undertaken by the official sector at nonconcessional terms (irrespective of the nature or the identity of the original creditor). UN agencies are United Nations and include the United Nations Childrenu2019s Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), United Nations Regular Programme for Technical Assistance (UNTA), International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), International Fund for Agriculxadtural Development (IFAD), Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), United Nations Population Fund (UNPD), United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), World Food Programme (WFP), and World Health Organization (WHO). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Net official flows from UN agencies, UNDP > Current US$, % of GDP: Net official flows from UN agencies, UNDP (current US$). Net official flows from UN agencies are the net disbursements of total official flows from the UN agencies. Total official flows are the sum of Official Development Assistance (ODA) or official aid and Other Official Flows (OOF) and represent the total disbursements by the official sector at large to the recipient country. Net disbursements are gross disbursements of grants and loans minus repayments of principal on earlier loans. ODA consists of loans made on concessional terms (with a grant element of at least 25 percent, calculated at a rate of discount of 10 percent) and grants made to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territories in the DAC list of ODA recipients. Official aid refers to aid flows from official donors to countries and territories in part II of the DAC list of recipients: more advanced countries of Central and Eastern Europe, the countries of the former Soviet Union, and certain advanced developing countries and territories. Official aid is provided under terms and conditions similar to those for ODA. Part II of the DAC List was abolished in 2005. The collection of data on official aid and other resource flows to Part II countries ended with 2004 data. OOF are transactions by the official sector whose main objective is other than development-motivated, or, if development-motivated, whose grant element is below the 25 per cent threshold which would make them eligible to be recorded as ODA. The main classes of transactions included here are official export credits, official sector equity and portfolio investment, and debt reorganization undertaken by the official sector at nonconcessional terms (irrespective of the nature or the identity of the original creditor). UN agencies are United Nations and include the United Nations Childrenu2019s Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), United Nations Regular Programme for Technical Assistance (UNTA), International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), International Fund for Agriculxadtural Development (IFAD), Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), United Nations Population Fund (UNPD), United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), World Food Programme (WFP), and World Health Organization (WHO). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Net official flows from UN agencies, UNTA > Current US$, % of GDP: Net official flows from UN agencies, UNTA (current US$). Net official flows from UN agencies are the net disbursements of total official flows from the UN agencies. Total official flows are the sum of Official Development Assistance (ODA) or official aid and Other Official Flows (OOF) and represent the total disbursements by the official sector at large to the recipient country. Net disbursements are gross disbursements of grants and loans minus repayments of principal on earlier loans. ODA consists of loans made on concessional terms (with a grant element of at least 25 percent, calculated at a rate of discount of 10 percent) and grants made to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territories in the DAC list of ODA recipients. Official aid refers to aid flows from official donors to countries and territories in part II of the DAC list of recipients: more advanced countries of Central and Eastern Europe, the countries of the former Soviet Union, and certain advanced developing countries and territories. Official aid is provided under terms and conditions similar to those for ODA. Part II of the DAC List was abolished in 2005. The collection of data on official aid and other resource flows to Part II countries ended with 2004 data. OOF are transactions by the official sector whose main objective is other than development-motivated, or, if development-motivated, whose grant element is below the 25 per cent threshold which would make them eligible to be recorded as ODA. The main classes of transactions included here are official export credits, official sector equity and portfolio investment, and debt reorganization undertaken by the official sector at nonconcessional terms (irrespective of the nature or the identity of the original creditor). UN agencies are United Nations and include the United Nations Childrenu2019s Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), United Nations Regular Programme for Technical Assistance (UNTA), International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), International Fund for Agriculxadtural Development (IFAD), Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), United Nations Population Fund (UNPD), United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), World Food Programme (WFP), and World Health Organization (WHO). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Net official flows from UN agencies, WFP > Current US$ per capita: Net official flows from UN agencies, WFP (current US$). Net official flows from UN agencies are the net disbursements of total official flows from the UN agencies. Total official flows are the sum of Official Development Assistance (ODA) or official aid and Other Official Flows (OOF) and represent the total disbursements by the official sector at large to the recipient country. Net disbursements are gross disbursements of grants and loans minus repayments of principal on earlier loans. ODA consists of loans made on concessional terms (with a grant element of at least 25 percent, calculated at a rate of discount of 10 percent) and grants made to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territories in the DAC list of ODA recipients. Official aid refers to aid flows from official donors to countries and territories in part II of the DAC list of recipients: more advanced countries of Central and Eastern Europe, the countries of the former Soviet Union, and certain advanced developing countries and territories. Official aid is provided under terms and conditions similar to those for ODA. Part II of the DAC List was abolished in 2005. The collection of data on official aid and other resource flows to Part II countries ended with 2004 data. OOF are transactions by the official sector whose main objective is other than development-motivated, or, if development-motivated, whose grant element is below the 25 per cent threshold which would make them eligible to be recorded as ODA. The main classes of transactions included here are official export credits, official sector equity and portfolio investment, and debt reorganization undertaken by the official sector at nonconcessional terms (irrespective of the nature or the identity of the original creditor). UN agencies are United Nations and include the United Nations Childrenu2019s Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), United Nations Regular Programme for Technical Assistance (UNTA), International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), International Fund for Agriculxadtural Development (IFAD), Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), United Nations Population Fund (UNPD), United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), World Food Programme (WFP), and World Health Organization (WHO). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Net official flows from UN agencies, WFP > Current US$, % of GDP: Net official flows from UN agencies, WFP (current US$). Net official flows from UN agencies are the net disbursements of total official flows from the UN agencies. Total official flows are the sum of Official Development Assistance (ODA) or official aid and Other Official Flows (OOF) and represent the total disbursements by the official sector at large to the recipient country. Net disbursements are gross disbursements of grants and loans minus repayments of principal on earlier loans. ODA consists of loans made on concessional terms (with a grant element of at least 25 percent, calculated at a rate of discount of 10 percent) and grants made to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territories in the DAC list of ODA recipients. Official aid refers to aid flows from official donors to countries and territories in part II of the DAC list of recipients: more advanced countries of Central and Eastern Europe, the countries of the former Soviet Union, and certain advanced developing countries and territories. Official aid is provided under terms and conditions similar to those for ODA. Part II of the DAC List was abolished in 2005. The collection of data on official aid and other resource flows to Part II countries ended with 2004 data. OOF are transactions by the official sector whose main objective is other than development-motivated, or, if development-motivated, whose grant element is below the 25 per cent threshold which would make them eligible to be recorded as ODA. The main classes of transactions included here are official export credits, official sector equity and portfolio investment, and debt reorganization undertaken by the official sector at nonconcessional terms (irrespective of the nature or the identity of the original creditor). UN agencies are United Nations and include the United Nations Childrenu2019s Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), United Nations Regular Programme for Technical Assistance (UNTA), International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), International Fund for Agriculxadtural Development (IFAD), Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), United Nations Population Fund (UNPD), United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), World Food Programme (WFP), and World Health Organization (WHO). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Wholesale price index > 2005 = 100: Wholesale price index (2005 = 100). Wholesale price index refers to a mix of agricultural and industrial goods at various stages of production and distribution, including import duties. The Laspeyres formula is generally used.
STAT Egypt Tunisia HISTORY
Air transport, passengers carried 8.37 million
Ranked 41st. 3 times more than Tunisia
3.28 million
Ranked 65th.

Air transport, passengers carried per 1000 103.64
Ranked 106th.
304.67
Ranked 72nd. 3 times more than Egypt

Container port traffic > TEU: 20 foot equivalent units 6.57 million
Ranked 21st. 13 times more than Tunisia
492,982.62
Ranked 74th.

Container port traffic > TEU: 20 foot equivalent units per 1000 82.7
Ranked 69th. 79% more than Tunisia
46.19
Ranked 82nd.

Cost to export > US$ per container $625.00
Ranked 171st.
$775.00
Ranked 152nd. 24% more than Egypt

Export value index > 2000 = 100 per million 8.23
Ranked 167th.
28.58
Ranked 119th. 3 times more than Egypt

Exports of goods and services > BoP, current US$ $48.60 billion
Ranked 62nd. 2 times more than Tunisia
$22.15 billion
Ranked 76th.

Goods exports > BoP, current US$, % of GDP 10.43%
Ranked 117th.
37.39%
Ranked 41st. 4 times more than Egypt

ICT goods imports > % total goods imports 3.46%
Ranked 97th.
6.63%
Ranked 45th. 92% more than Egypt

Import value index > 2000 = 100 421.85
Ranked 66th. 51% more than Tunisia
279.66
Ranked 121st.

Import value index > 2000 = 100 per million 5.31
Ranked 180th.
26.2
Ranked 130th. 5 times more than Egypt

Lead time to import, median case > Days per million 0.0372
Ranked 96th.
0.0928
Ranked 79th. 2 times more than Egypt

Liner shipping connectivity index > Maximum value in 2004 = 100 per million 0.711
Ranked 117th. 21% more than Tunisia
0.589
Ranked 125th.

Ores and metals imports > % of merchandise imports 5%
Ranked 13th. 29% more than Tunisia
3.89%
Ranked 34th.

Service exports > BoP, current US$ $21.77 billion
Ranked 41st. 4 times more than Tunisia
$5.08 billion
Ranked 68th.

Imports of goods and services > BoP, current US$ per capita $852.32
Ranked 123th.
$2,444.87
Ranked 83th. 3 times more than Egypt

Goods imports > BoP, current US$, % of GDP 20.35%
Ranked 122nd.
50.59%
Ranked 38th. 2 times more than Egypt

Imports of goods and services > BoP, current US$ $68.80 billion
Ranked 49th. 3 times more than Tunisia
$26.35 billion
Ranked 72nd.

Taxes on exports > % of tax revenue 0.151%
Ranked 16th. 14% more than Tunisia
0.132%
Ranked 18th.

Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$ per capita $2.80
Ranked 66th. 4 times more than Tunisia
$0.66
Ranked 96th.

Imports of goods and services > Current LCU 407.2 billion
Ranked 69th. 10 times more than Tunisia
41.8 billion
Ranked 108th.

Imports of goods and services > Current LCU per capita 5,044.48
Ranked 122nd. 30% more than Tunisia
3,878.39
Ranked 126th.

Net barter terms of trade index > 2000 = 100 159.39
Ranked 38th. 68% more than Tunisia
95.03
Ranked 128th.

Export volume index > 2000 = 100 202.72
Ranked 63th. 18% more than Tunisia
171.17
Ranked 86th.

Merchandise exports to developing economies in East Asia & Pacific > % of total merchandise exports 2.95%
Ranked 79th. 2 times more than Tunisia
1.42%
Ranked 103th.

Merchandise exports to developing economies in Middle East & North Africa > % of total merchandise exports 15.76%
Ranked 6th. 32% more than Tunisia
11.93%
Ranked 8th.

Transport services > % of commercial service exports 43.09%
Ranked 20th. 36% more than Tunisia
31.61%
Ranked 40th.

Energy imports, net > % of energy use -13.599%
Ranked 96th.
20.74%
Ranked 73th.

Exports of goods and services > Annual % growth -4.647%
Ranked 102nd.
11%
Ranked 10th.

Imports of goods and services > Current US$ $67.93 billion
Ranked 47th. 3 times more than Tunisia
$26.76 billion
Ranked 61st.

Documents to export > Number 8
Ranked 32nd. Twice as much as Tunisia
4
Ranked 147th.

Armed forces personnel > % of total labor force 3.14%
Ranked 15th. 3 times more than Tunisia
1.23%
Ranked 50th.

Imports of goods and services > Annual % growth 11.15%
Ranked 21st.
13.94%
Ranked 12th. 25% more than Egypt

External balance on goods and services > Constant LCU -19,238,570,760.755
Ranked 65th.
452.27 million
Ranked 35th.

Wholesale price index > 2005 = 100 per million 2.21
Ranked 56th.
13.72
Ranked 31st. 6 times more than Egypt

Lead time to export, median case > Days per million 0.0248
Ranked 100th.
0.186
Ranked 57th. 7 times more than Egypt

Logistics performance index: Ease of arranging competitively priced shipments > 1=low to 5=high per million 0.0372
Ranked 138th.
0.267
Ranked 78th. 7 times more than Egypt

Logistics performance index: Ability to track and trace consignments > 1=low to 5=high per million 0.0354
Ranked 140th.
0.302
Ranked 72nd. 9 times more than Egypt

Exports of goods and services > Constant LCU per capita 1,804.61
Ranked 93th. 71% more than Tunisia
1,055.17
Ranked 103th.

Imports of goods and services > Current US$ per capita $841.52
Ranked 110th.
$2,483.14
Ranked 73th. 3 times more than Egypt

Imports of goods and services > Constant 2000 US$ per capita $685.47
Ranked 87th.
$1,681.84
Ranked 64th. 2 times more than Egypt

Air transport, freight > Million ton-km 346.25
Ranked 39th. 18 times more than Tunisia
18.8
Ranked 74th.

Lead time to export, median case > Days 2
Ranked 57th. The same as Tunisia
2
Ranked 53th.

Logistics performance index: Quality of trade and transport-related infrastructure > 1=low to 5=high 3.07
Ranked 45th. 7% more than Tunisia
2.88
Ranked 53th.

Fuel imports > % of merchandise imports 18.74%
Ranked 41st. 26% more than Tunisia
14.84%
Ranked 89th.

Export volume index > 2000 = 100 per million 2.55
Ranked 176th.
16.04
Ranked 117th. 6 times more than Egypt

Net official flows from UN agencies, WFP > Current US$ $1.73 million
Ranked 39th. 3 times more than Tunisia
$530,000.00
Ranked 54th.

Smoking prevalence, females > % of adults 1%
Ranked 142nd.
5.26%
Ranked 86th. 5 times more than Egypt
CO2 emissions from transport > % of total fuel combustion 21.2%
Ranked 94th.
26.93%
Ranked 74th. 27% more than Egypt

Merchandise exports to developing economies in Europe & Central Asia > % of total merchandise exports 5.83%
Ranked 37th. 2 times more than Tunisia
2.51%
Ranked 62nd.

Merchandise exports to developing economies in Latin America & the Caribbean > % of total merchandise exports 1.16%
Ranked 84th. 23% more than Tunisia
0.943%
Ranked 92nd.

Exports of goods and services > % of GDP 17.43%
Ranked 127th.
47.96%
Ranked 44th. 3 times more than Egypt

Total reserves in months of imports 2.49
Ranked 113th.
3.67
Ranked 87th. 47% more than Egypt

Documents to export > Number per million 0.0991
Ranked 161st.
0.371
Ranked 128th. 4 times more than Egypt

Cost to import > US$ per container $790.00
Ranked 157th.
$860.00
Ranked 150th. 9% more than Egypt

Air transport, registered carrier departures worldwide 85,307
Ranked 44th. 2 times more than Tunisia
36,024
Ranked 68th.

Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$, % of GDP 0.0878%
Ranked 41st. 6 times more than Tunisia
0.0151%
Ranked 85th.

Imports of goods and services > Current US$, % of GDP 26.4%
Ranked 122nd.
58.61%
Ranked 40th. 2 times more than Egypt

Imports of goods and services > Constant 2000 US$, % of GDP 21.51%
Ranked 87th.
39.7%
Ranked 43th. 85% more than Egypt

External balance on goods and services > Current LCU per million -1,642,677,423.47
Ranked 79th. 2 times more than Tunisia
-704,804,008.289
Ranked 65th.

Terms of trade adjustment > Constant LCU -34,462,400,510.03
Ranked 90th. 14 times more than Tunisia
-2,436,671,831.306
Ranked 68th.

Net official flows from UN agencies, UNFPA > Current US$, % of GDP 0.00128%
Ranked 85th.
0.00202%
Ranked 78th. 58% more than Egypt

Net official flows from UN agencies, UNTA > Current US$ per 1000 $18.68
Ranked 118th.
$73.58
Ranked 72nd. 4 times more than Egypt

Imports of goods and services > BoP, current US$, % of GDP 26.74%
Ranked 124th.
57.71%
Ranked 47th. 2 times more than Egypt

Exports of goods and services > BoP, current US$, % of GDP 18.89%
Ranked 125th.
48.5%
Ranked 43th. 3 times more than Egypt

Service exports > BoP, current US$, % of GDP 8.46%
Ranked 74th.
11.12%
Ranked 62nd. 31% more than Egypt

Current account balance > % of GDP -2.653%
Ranked 62nd.
-8.264%
Ranked 99th. 3 times more than Egypt

Air transport, freight > Million ton-km per million 4.29
Ranked 64th. 2 times more than Tunisia
1.74
Ranked 78th.

Lead time to import, median case > Days 3
Ranked 49th. 3 times more than Tunisia
1
Ranked 104th.

Merchandise exports to economies in the Arab World > % of total merchandise exports 28.34%
Ranked 6th. 2 times more than Tunisia
12.5%
Ranked 14th.

Export value index > 2000 = 100 653.01
Ranked 29th. 2 times more than Tunisia
305.07
Ranked 105th.

Travel services > % of commercial service exports 45.75%
Ranked 63th. 2% more than Tunisia
44.66%
Ranked 66th.

Exports of goods and services > Current LCU per capita 3,401.8
Ranked 122nd. 7% more than Tunisia
3,173.59
Ranked 123th.

Exports of goods and services > Current LCU 274.6 billion
Ranked 75th. 8 times more than Tunisia
34.2 billion
Ranked 110th.

Terms of trade adjustment > Constant LCU per capita -426.928
Ranked 74th. 89% more than Tunisia
-226.089
Ranked 68th.

Food exports > % of merchandise exports 14.32%
Ranked 41st. 42% more than Tunisia
10.09%
Ranked 88th.

Computer, communications and other services > % of commercial service imports 22.39%
Ranked 97th. 34% more than Tunisia
16.68%
Ranked 117th.

Exports of goods and services > BoP, current US$ per capita $602.08
Ranked 122nd.
$2,055.00
Ranked 84th. 3 times more than Egypt

Net official flows from UN agencies, UNFPA > Current US$ per 1000 $38.04
Ranked 95th.
$88.07
Ranked 78th. 2 times more than Egypt

Goods exports > BoP, current US$ per capita $332.43
Ranked 123th.
$1,583.96
Ranked 75th. 5 times more than Egypt

Service exports > BoP, current US$ per capita $269.65
Ranked 99th.
$471.04
Ranked 83th. 75% more than Egypt

Net official flows from UN agencies, UNHCR > Current US$ per 1000 $116.26
Ranked 27th. 5 times more than Tunisia
$22.75
Ranked 69th.

Net official flows from UN agencies, UNHCR > Current US$, % of GDP 0.00391%
Ranked 23th. 7 times more than Tunisia
0.000541%
Ranked 63th.

CO2 emissions from transport > Million metric tons per million 0.503
Ranked 93th.
0.533
Ranked 89th. 6% more than Egypt

Net official flows from UN agencies, UNHCR > Current US$ $9.23 million
Ranked 5th. 38 times more than Tunisia
$240,000.00
Ranked 75th.

Time to import > Days 15
Ranked 118th.
17
Ranked 104th. 13% more than Egypt

Liner shipping connectivity index > Maximum value in 2004 = 100 57.39
Ranked 17th. 9 times more than Tunisia
6.35
Ranked 110th.

Logistics performance index: Efficiency of customs clearance process > 1=low to 5=high 2.6
Ranked 69th.
3.12
Ranked 33th. 20% more than Egypt

Logistics performance index: Ability to track and trace consignments > 1=low to 5=high 2.86
Ranked 66th.
3.25
Ranked 40th. 14% more than Egypt

Logistics performance index: Efficiency of customs clearance process > 1=low to 5=high per million 0.0322
Ranked 138th.
0.289
Ranked 72nd. 9 times more than Egypt

Smoking prevalence, males > % of adults 39.7%
Ranked 49th.
58.44%
Ranked 6th. 47% more than Egypt
Tuberculosis treatment success rate > % of registered cases 88%
Ranked 44th. 1% more than Tunisia
87%
Ranked 55th.

Insurance and financial services > % of service exports, BoP 1.11%
Ranked 106th.
2.67%
Ranked 67th. 2 times more than Egypt

Goods exports > BoP, current US$ $26.83 billion
Ranked 64th. 57% more than Tunisia
$17.07 billion
Ranked 71st.

Transport services > % of commercial service imports 49.31%
Ranked 39th.
53.93%
Ranked 27th. 9% more than Egypt

Agricultural raw materials exports > % of merchandise exports 2.49%
Ranked 24th. 5 times more than Tunisia
0.468%
Ranked 110th.

ICT goods exports > % of total goods exports 0.157%
Ranked 92nd.
7.38%
Ranked 24th. 47 times more than Egypt

Merchandise exports to high-income economies > % of total merchandise exports 54.14%
Ranked 129th.
79.21%
Ranked 47th. 46% more than Egypt

Net barter terms of trade index > 2000 = 100 per million 2.01
Ranked 175th.
8.9
Ranked 129th. 4 times more than Egypt

Merchandise exports to developing economies outside region > % of total merchandise exports 26.41%
Ranked 41st. 3 times more than Tunisia
8.85%
Ranked 113th.

Merchandise exports to developing economies in Sub-Saharan Africa > % of total merchandise exports 8.36%
Ranked 25th. 3 times more than Tunisia
2.39%
Ranked 59th.

Goods imports > BoP, current US$ $52.35 billion
Ranked 50th. 2 times more than Tunisia
$23.10 billion
Ranked 70th.

Communications, computer, etc. > % of service exports, BoP 12.49%
Ranked 126th.
24.55%
Ranked 95th. 97% more than Egypt

Interest payments on external debt > % of exports of goods, services and primary income 2.02%
Ranked 52nd.
3.12%
Ranked 36th. 54% more than Egypt

Services, etc., value added > Annual % growth 2.31%
Ranked 81st.
4.23%
Ranked 48th. 83% more than Egypt

Insurance and financial services > % of commercial service imports 11.52%
Ranked 25th. 25% more than Tunisia
9.19%
Ranked 43th.

Goods imports > BoP, current US$ per capita $648.53
Ranked 122nd.
$2,143.53
Ranked 82nd. 3 times more than Egypt

Armed forces personnel, total 835,500
Ranked 8th. 17 times more than Tunisia
47,800
Ranked 73th.

External balance on goods and services > Current LCU -132,600,000,000
Ranked 110th. 17 times more than Tunisia
-7,596,025,199.336
Ranked 82nd.

Exports of goods and services > Constant LCU 145.67 billion
Ranked 68th. 13 times more than Tunisia
11.37 billion
Ranked 99th.

Imports of goods and services > Constant 2000 US$ $55.33 billion
Ranked 45th. 3 times more than Tunisia
$18.13 billion
Ranked 61st.

Travel services > % of commercial service imports 16.78%
Ranked 102nd.
20.21%
Ranked 82nd. 20% more than Egypt

Insurance and financial services > % of commercial service exports 1.44%
Ranked 100th.
2.96%
Ranked 60th. 2 times more than Egypt

Time to import > Days per million 0.186
Ranked 173th.
1.58
Ranked 119th. 8 times more than Egypt

Armed forces personnel, total per 1000 10.52
Ranked 23th. 2 times more than Tunisia
4.48
Ranked 73th.

External balance on goods and services > Constant LCU per million -238,331,567.485
Ranked 45th.
41.96 million
Ranked 35th.

Merchandise exports by the reporting economy, residual > % of total merchandise exports 3.68%
Ranked 66th. 436 times more than Tunisia
0.00844%
Ranked 167th.

Travel services > % of service exports, BoP 45.67%
Ranked 57th. 4% more than Tunisia
43.86%
Ranked 60th.

Net official flows from UN agencies, UNFPA > Current US$ $3.02 million
Ranked 30th. 3 times more than Tunisia
$940,000.00
Ranked 82nd.

Imports of goods and services > % of GDP 25.85%
Ranked 127th.
58.61%
Ranked 42nd. 2 times more than Egypt

Ores and metals exports > % of merchandise exports 5.96%
Ranked 26th. 4 times more than Tunisia
1.65%
Ranked 96th.

Total reserves in months of imports per million 0.0308
Ranked 132nd.
0.34
Ranked 79th. 11 times more than Egypt

Air transport, registered carrier departures worldwide per 1000 1.06
Ranked 109th.
3.34
Ranked 79th. 3 times more than Egypt

Net official flows from UN agencies, UNDP > Current US$ $1.57 million
Ranked 64th. 40% more than Tunisia
$1.12 million
Ranked 72nd.

Net official flows from UN agencies, UNTA > Current US$ $1.41 million
Ranked 11th. 86% more than Tunisia
$760,000.00
Ranked 59th.

Logistics performance index: Ease of arranging competitively priced shipments > 1=low to 5=high 3
Ranked 50th. 4% more than Tunisia
2.88
Ranked 63th.

CO2 emissions from transport > Million metric tons 39.95
Ranked 27th. 7 times more than Tunisia
5.69
Ranked 79th.

Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$ $226.00 million
Ranked 33th. 32 times more than Tunisia
$7.00 million
Ranked 95th.

Net official flows from UN agencies, UNDP > Current US$ per capita $0.02
Ranked 118th.
$0.10
Ranked 97th. 5 times more than Egypt

Net official flows from UN agencies, UNDP > Current US$, % of GDP 0.000665%
Ranked 111th.
0.00241%
Ranked 92nd. 4 times more than Egypt

Net official flows from UN agencies, UNTA > Current US$, % of GDP 0.000866%
Ranked 108th.
0.0017%
Ranked 93th. 96% more than Egypt

Net official flows from UN agencies, WFP > Current US$ per capita $0.02
Ranked 57th.
$0.05
Ranked 53th. 2 times more than Egypt

Net official flows from UN agencies, WFP > Current US$, % of GDP 0.000733%
Ranked 52nd.
0.00114%
Ranked 49th. 56% more than Egypt

Wholesale price index > 2005 = 100 178.12
Ranked 12th. 20% more than Tunisia
147.88
Ranked 25th.

SOURCES: International Civil Aviation Organization, Civil Aviation Statistics of the World and ICAO staff estimates.; International Civil Aviation Organization, Civil Aviation Statistics of the World and ICAO staff estimates. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Containerisation International, Containerisation International Yearbook.; Containerisation International, Containerisation International Yearbook. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).; United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Handbook of Statistics and data files, and International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators.; International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.; United Nations Conference on Trade and Development's UNCTADstat database at http://unctadstat.unctad.org/ReportFolders/reportFolders.aspx.; United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Handbook of Statistics and data files, and International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics.; World Bank and Turku School of Economics, Logistic Performance Index Surveys. Data are available online at : http://www.worldbank.org/lpi. Summary results are published in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy, The Logistics Performance Index and Its Indicators report. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Review of Maritime Transport 2010. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank staff estimates; International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators.; Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Yearbook: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank national accounts data; World Bank national accounts data. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Energy Agency; International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance.; International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank and Turku School of Economics, Logistic Performance Index Surveys. Data are available online at : http://www.worldbank.org/lpi. Summary results are published in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy, The Logistics Performance Index and Its Indicators report.; www.oecd.org/dac/stats/idsonline; WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic.; International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators.; World Bank, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/). Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Yearbook: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.; World Bank national accounts data. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.; www.oecd.org/dac/stats/idsonline. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.; www.oecd.org/dac/stats/idsonline. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files, and World Bank and OECD GDP estimates. World Bank World Development Indicators.; International Energy Agency. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Review of Maritime Transport 2010.; World Health Organization, Global Tuberculosis Control Report.; World Bank, International Debt Statistics; International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Yearbook: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security.

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