×

Compare key data on Egypt & Tunisia

Definitions

  • Cost of living > Average monthly disposable salary > After tax: Average Monthly Disposable Salary (After Tax). Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Average Monthly Disposable Salary (After Tax)". Prices in current USD.
  • Crime > Crime levels: Level of crime. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How serious you feel the level of crime is?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Crime > Violent crime > Intentional homicide rate: Homicides per 100’000 residents. Homicide is the death of a person purposefully inflicted by another person (it excludes suicides) outside of a state of war. Homicide is a broader category than murder, as it also includes manslaughter. The exact legal definition varies across countries, some of which include infanticide, assisted suicide, euthanasia and deaths caused by dangerous driving.
  • Crime > Violent crime > Murder rate: Intentional homicide, number and rate per 100,000 population.
  • Crime > Violent crime > Murder rate per million people: Intentional homicide, number and rate per 100,000 population. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Economy > GDP: GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Dollar figures for GDP are converted from domestic currencies using single year official exchange rates. For a few countries where the official exchange rate does not reflect the rate effectively applied to actual foreign exchange transactions, an alternative conversion factor is used.
  • Economy > GDP per capita: GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Dollar figures for GDP are converted from domestic currencies using single year official exchange rates. For a few countries where the official exchange rate does not reflect the rate effectively applied to actual foreign exchange transactions, an alternative conversion factor is used. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Economy > Population below poverty line: National estimates of the percentage of the population lying below the poverty line are based on surveys of sub-groups, with the results weighted by the number of people in each group. Definitions of poverty vary considerably among nations. For example, rich nations generally employ more generous standards of poverty than poor nations.
  • Geography > Land area > Square miles: Country land area.
  • Government > Government type: A description of the basic form of government (e.g., republic, constitutional monarchy, federal republic, parliamentary democracy, military dictatorship).
  • Government > Legal system: A brief description of the legal system's historical roots, role in government, and acceptance of International Court of Justice (ICJ) jurisdiction.
  • Health > Physicians > Per 1,000 people: Physicians are defined as graduates of any facility or school of medicine who are working in the country in any medical field (practice, teaching, research).
  • Military > Air force > Combat aircraft: Number of fighter aircrafts (fixed wing aircrafts with combat capability).
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 0-14: Percentage of total population aged 0-14.
  • People > Population: Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Health > Births and maternity > Total fertility rate: Total fertility rate.
  • Geography > Area > Comparative: The area of various small countries expressed in comparison to various areas within the United States of America.
  • Crime > Violent crime > Gun crime > Guns per 100 residents: Number of privately owned small firearms per 100 residents.
  • Economy > Budget surplus > + or deficit > -: This entry records the difference between national government revenues and expenditures, expressed as a percent of GDP. A positive (+) number indicates that revenues exceeded expenditures (a budget surplus), while a negative (-) number indicates the reverse (a budget deficit). Normalizing the data, by dividing the budget balance by GDP, enables easy comparisons across countries and indicates whether a national government saves or borrows money. Countries with high budget deficits (relative to their GDPs) generally have more difficulty raising funds to finance expenditures, than those with lower deficits.
  • Geography > Climate: A brief description of typical weather regimes throughout the year.
  • Geography > Area > Land: Total land area in square kilometres
  • Government > Legislative branch: This entry contains information on the structure (unicameral, bicameral, tricameral), formal name, number of seats, and term of office. Elections includes the nature of election process or accession to power, date of the last election, and date of the next election. Election results includes the percent of vote and/or number of seats held by each party in the last election.
  • Geography > Geographic coordinates: This entry includes rounded latitude and longitude figures for the purpose of finding the approximate geographic center of an entity and is based on the Gazetteer of Conventional Names, Third Edition, August 1988, US Board on Geographic Names and on other sources.
  • Religion > Religions: This entry includes a rank ordering of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population.
  • Cost of living > Local purchasing power: Local Purchasing Power shows relative purchasing power in buying goods and services in a given city for the average wage in that city. If domestic purchasing power is 40, this means that the inhabitants of that city with the average salary can afford to buy 60% less typical goods and services than New York City residents with an average salary.
  • People > Population > Population growth, past and future: Population growth rate (percentage).
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Cigarettes > Pack of Marlboro: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked about the price of a Pack of Cigarettes (Marlboro). Prices in current USD.
  • Environment > Marine fish catch: Total marine fish catch
    Units: Metric Tons
  • Economy > Unemployment rate: This entry contains the percent of the labor force that is without jobs. Substantial underemployment might be noted.
  • People > Ethnic groups: This entry provides a rank ordering of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population.
  • Government > Suffrage: The age at enfranchisement and whether the right to vote is universal or restricted
  • Geography > Area > Total: Total area in square kilometers
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 15-24.
  • Government > Constitution: The dates of adoption, revisions, and major amendments to a nation's constitution
  • Agriculture > Arable land > Hectares: Arable land (in hectares) includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded.
  • Labor > Salaries and benefits > Minimum wage: Minimum wage.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Government > Judicial branch: The name(s) of the highest court(s) and a brief description of the selection process for members.
  • Education > Children out of school, primary: Children out of school, primary. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Total is the total number of primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • Transport > Road > Motor vehicles per 1000 people: Motor vehicles per 1000 people.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Economy > GDP > Purchasing power parity per capita: This entry gives the gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. A nation's GDP at purchasing power parity (PPP) exchange rates is the sum value of all goods and services produced in the country valued at prices prevailing in the United States. This is the measure most economists prefer when looking at per-capita welfare and when comparing living conditions or use of resources across countries. The measure is difficult to compute, as a US dollar value has to be assigned to all goods and services in the country regardless of whether these goods and services have a direct equivalent in the United States (for example, the value of an ox-cart or non-US military equipment); as a result, PPP estimates for some countries are based on a small and sometimes different set of goods and services. In addition, many countries do not formally participate in the World Bank's PPP project that calculates these measures, so the resulting GDP estimates for these countries may lack precision. For many developing countries, PPP-based GDP measures are multiples of the official exchange rate (OER) measure. The difference between the OER- and PPP-denominated GDP values for most of the weathly industrialized countries are generally much smaller. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • People > Birth rate: The average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population.
  • People > Population growth: Percentage by which country's population either has increased or is estimated to increase. Countries with a decrease in population are signified by a negative percentage. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Education > Pupil-teacher ratio, primary: Pupil-teacher ratio, primary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Primary is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers.
  • Economy > Budget > Revenues: Revenues calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms
  • People > Age distribution > Median age: The median age of the country's residents. This is the age most people are in the country.
  • Economy > GDP > Per capita > PPP: This entry shows GDP on a purchasing power parity basis divided by population as of 1 July for the same year.
  • Crime > Justice system > Punishment > Capital punishment (last execution year): Year of last use.
  • Government > Political parties and leaders: Significant political organizations and their leaders.
  • Economy > Economy > Overview: This entry briefly describes the type of economy, including the degree of market orientation, the level of economic development, the most important natural resources, and the unique areas of specialization. It also characterizes major economic events and policy changes in the most recent 12 months and may include a statement about one or two key future macroeconomic trends.
  • Crime > Violent crime > Murders per million people: Intentional homicide, number and rate per 100,000 population. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Economy > Exports: This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise exports on an f.o.b. (free on board) basis. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms.
  • Crime > Violent crime > Murders: Intentional homicide, number and rate per 100,000 population.
  • Government > Executive branch > Cabinet: Cabinet includes the official name for any body of high-ranking advisers roughly comparable to a U.S. Cabinet. Also notes the method for selection of members.
  • Health > Hospital beds > Per 1,000 people: Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases beds for both acute and chronic care are included.
  • Education > Compulsary education duration: Number of years students are required to be enrolled in school for all levels of education. For instance, compulsary education lasts for 12 years in the United States.
  • People > Gender > Female population: Total female population.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total: Number of people aged 0-14.
  • Economy > GDP > Per capita: This entry gives the gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. A nation's GDP at purchasing power parity (PPP) exchange rates is the sum value of all goods and services produced in the country valued at prices prevailing in the United States. This is the measure most economists prefer when looking at per-capita welfare and when comparing living conditions or use of resources across countries. The measure is difficult to compute, as a US dollar value has to be assigned to all goods and services in the country regardless of whether these goods and services have a direct equivalent in the United States (for example, the value of an ox-cart or non-US military equipment); as a result, PPP estimates for some countries are based on a small and sometimes different set of goods and services. In addition, many countries do not formally participate in the World Bank's PPP project that calculates these measures, so the resulting GDP estimates for these countries may lack precision. For many developing countries, PPP-based GDP measures are multiples of the official exchange rate (OER) measure. The difference between the OER- and PPP-denominated GDP values for most of the weathly industrialized countries are generally much smaller. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Agriculture > Rural population: Total population living in rural areas. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Energy > Electricity > Consumption > Per capita: Total electricity consumed annually plus imports and minus exports, expressed in kilowatt-hours. The discrepancy between the amount of electricity generated and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is accounted for as loss in transmission and distribution. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • People > Death rate: The average annual number of deaths during a year per 1,000 population at midyear; also known as crude death rate. The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining fertility results in an aging population.
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Water > 1.5 litre bottle: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked about the price of a bottle of water (1.5 liter). Prices in current USD.
  • Environment > Ecological footprint: Ecological footprint per capita
    Units: Hectares per Person
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Loaf of bread > Fresh, white: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked about the price of a Loaf of Fresh White Bread (500g). Prices in current USD.
  • Government > Political pressure groups and leaders: Organizations with leaders involved in politics, but not standing for legislative election.
  • Geography > Natural resources: A country's mineral, petroleum, hydropower, and other resources of commercial importance.
  • Industry > Manufacturing, value added > Current US$ per capita: Manufacturing, value added (current US$). Manufacturing refers to industries belonging to ISIC divisions 15-37. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Energy > Electricity > Consumption: Total electricity consumed annually plus imports and minus exports, expressed in kilowatt-hours. The discrepancy between the amount of electricity generated and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is accounted for as loss in transmission and distribution.
  • People > Age distribution > Total dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant persons out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant person is a person aged 0-14 and those over 65 years old.
  • Geography > Surface area > Sq. km: Surface area is a country's total area, including areas under inland bodies of water and some coastal waterways.
  • People > Population growth rate: The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure (e.g., schools, hospitals, housing, roads), resources (e.g., food, water, electricity), and jobs. Rapid population growth can be seen as threatening by neighboring countries.
  • Geography > Area > Land > Per capita: Total land area in square kilometres Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Media > Telephones > Mobile cellular > Per capita: The total number of mobile cellular telephones in use. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Agriculture > Agricultural land > Sq. km: Agricultural land (sq. km). Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Land under permanent crops is land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber. Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forage, including natural and cultivated crops.
  • Education > Children out of school, primary per 1000: Children out of school, primary. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Total is the total number of primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Health > Life expectancy at birth, total > Years: Life expectancy at birth, total (years). Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Media > Internet > Internet users per thousand people: Internet users. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Energy > Electric power consumption > KWh per capita: Electric power consumption (kWh per capita). Electric power consumption measures the production of power plants and combined heat and power plants less transmission, distribution, and transformation losses and own use by heat and power plants.
  • Cost of living > Basic utilities > Garbage, water, heating, electricity for 85 sqm apartment: Basic (Electricity, Heating, Water, Garbage) for 85m2 Apartment. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Basic (Electricity, Heating, Water, Garbage) for 85m2 Apartment". Prices in current USD.
  • Crime > Believes crime increasing in the past 3 years: Crime increasing in the past 3 years. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "In the past three years would you say the level of crime in your community has increased, stayed about the same, or decreased?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Military > Personnel > Per capita: Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organization, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Agriculture > Arable land > Hectares per capita: Arable land (hectares per person). Arable land (hectares per person) includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded.
  • Agriculture > Agricultural growth: Index of agricultural production in 1996 - 98 (1989 - 91 = 100)
  • Crime > Fear of crime > Violent hate crime: Worries being subject to a physical attack because of your skin colour, ethnic origin or religion. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How worried are you about)......being subject to a physical attack because of your skin colour, ethnic origin or religion?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Economy > Debt > Government debt > Public debt, share of GDP: Public debt as % of GDP (CIA).

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Economy > Public debt: This entry records the cumulatiive total of all government borrowings less repayments that are denominated in a country's home currency. Public debt should not be confused with external debt, which reflects the foreign currency liabilities of both the private and public sector and must be financed out of foreign exchange earnings.
  • Economy > Inflation rate > Consumer prices: This entry furnishes the annual percent change in consumer prices compared with the previous year's consumer prices.
  • Education > Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary: Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Secondary is the number of pupils enrolled in secondary school divided by the number of secondary school teachers.
  • Crime > Fear of crime > Feels safe walking alone > At night: Safety walking alone during night. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How safe do you feel walking alone in this city during the night?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Industry > Manufacturing, value added > Current US$: Manufacturing, value added (current US$). Manufacturing refers to industries belonging to ISIC divisions 15-37. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Crime > Kidnappings: Number of kidnappings recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Language > Languages: A rank ordering of languages starting with the largest and sometimes includes the percent of total population speaking that language.
  • Transport > Road network length > Km: Length of road network in kilometers in European Union countries.
  • Economy > GDP > Composition, by sector of origin > Services: This entry is derived from Economy > GDP > Composition, by sector of origin, which shows where production takes place in an economy. The distribution gives the percentage contribution of agriculture, industry, and services to total GDP, and will total 100 percent of GDP if the data are complete. Agriculture includes farming, fishing, and forestry. Industry includes mining, manufacturing, energy production, and construction. Services cover government activities, communications, transportation, finance, and all other private economic activities that do not produce material goods.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total: Number of people aged 15-24.
  • Economy > Exports per capita: This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise exports on an f.o.b. (free on board) basis. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Media > Personal computers > Per capita: Personal computers are self-contained computers designed to be used by a single individual. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Geography > Average precipitation in depth > Mm per year: Average precipitation in depth (mm per year). Average precipitation is the long-term average in depth (over space and time) of annual precipitation in the country. Precipitation is defined as any kind of water that falls from clouds as a liquid or a solid.
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Milk > 1 litre: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked about the price of 1 liter of regular Milk. Prices in current USD.
  • Cost of living > Cinema ticket price > International release: Cinema, International Release, 1 Seat. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Cinema, International Release, 1 Seat". Prices in current USD.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 60 and older.
  • Cost of living > Clothing and shoe prices > Shoes > Pair of Nikes: 1 Pair of Nike Shoes. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "1 Pair of Nike Shoes". Prices in current USD.
  • Government > Administrative divisions: This entry generally gives the numbers, designatory terms, and first-order administrative divisions as approved by the US Board on Geographic Names (BGN). Changes that have been reported but not yet acted on by BGN are noted.
  • Cost of living > Real estate prices > Rent index: Rent Index is estimation of prices of renting apartments in the city compared to New York City. If Rent index is 80, Numbeo estimates that price for renting in that city is 80% of price in New York.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total: Number of people aged 15-64.
  • Education > Literacy > Total population: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total: Number of people aged 0-4.
  • People > Obesity > Adult obesity rate: This entry gives the percent of a country's population considered to be obese. Obesity is defined as an adult having a Body Mass Index (BMI) greater to or equal to 30.0. BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight in kg and dividing it by the person's squared height in meters.
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Egg > Dozen: Average prize of a dozen eggs. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked about the prize of a dozen eggs. Prices in current USD.
  • Education > College and university > Gender parity index: Country's gender parity index for college and university enrollment. For countries with a rating of over 1, more females are enrolled while countries with a rating under 1 have more males enrolled.
  • Cost of living > Real estate prices > Rent per month > 3 bedroom apartment > City centre: Apartment (3 bedrooms) in City Centre. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Apartment (3 bedrooms) in City Centre". Prices in current USD.
  • Economy > Distribution of family income > Gini index: This index measures the degree of inequality in the distribution of family income in a country. The index is calculated from the Lorenz curve, in which cumulative family income is plotted against the number of families arranged from the poorest to the ric
  • Religion > Religions > All: This entry includes a rank ordering of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population.
  • Cost of living > Transport prices > New car > Volkswagen Golf 1.4 or similar: Volkswagen Golf 1.4 90 KW Trendline (Or Equivalent New Car). Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Volkswagen Golf 1.4 90 KW Trendline (Or Equivalent New Car)". Prices in current USD.
  • Education > Primary education, duration > Years: Primary education, duration (years). Duration of primary is the number of grades (years) in primary education.
  • Military > Global Peace Index: The Global Peace Index is comprised of 22 indicators in the three categories ongoing domestic or international conflicts; societal safety; and security and militarization. A low index value indicates a peaceful and safe country.
  • Education > Secondary education, duration > Years: Secondary education, duration (years). Duration of secondary education is the number of grades (years) in secondary education (ISCED 2 & 3).
  • Energy > Electric power consumption > KWh: Electric power consumption (kWh). Electric power consumption measures the production of power plants and combined heat and power plants less transmission, distribution, and transformation losses and own use by heat and power plants.
  • Media > Televisions per 1000: The total number of televisions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Health > Births and maternity > Future births: Mid-range estimate for country's population increase due to births from five years prior to the given year. For example, from 2095 to 2100, India's population is expected to rise by 16,181 people due to births. Estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Energy > Oil > Consumption > Per capita: This entry is the total oil consumed in barrels per day (bbl/day). The discrepancy between the amount of oil produced and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is due to the omission of stock changes, refinery gains, and other complicating factors. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-59: Percentage of total pouplation aged 15-59.
  • Education > Children out of school, primary, female: Children out of school, primary, female. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Female is the total number of female primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • People > Population in 2015: (Thousands) Medium-variant projections.
  • Health > Births and maternity > Average age of mother at childbirth: Average age of mother at first childbirth.
  • Geography > Terrain: A brief description of the topography
  • Health > Life expectancy at birth > Total population: The average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Transport > Road > Motorway length: Total network length of all motorways in km.
  • Military > Paramilitary personnel: Paramilitary.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Military > Service age and obligation: This entry gives the required ages for voluntary or conscript military service and the length of sevice obligation.
  • Geography > Location: The country's regional location, neighboring countries, and adjacent bodies of water.
  • Education > Government spending on education > Proportion of GDP: Percentage of public funding for education out of country's total GDP.
  • Labor > Labor force > By occupation: Component parts of the labor force by occupation.
  • Economy > Human Development Index: The human development index values in this table were calculated using a consistent methodology and consistent data series. They are not strictly comparable with those in earlier Human Development Reports.
  • Labor > Unemployment rate: The percent of the labor force that is without jobs. Substantial underemployment might be noted.
  • Education > Primary education, teachers per 1000: Primary education, teachers. Teaching staff in primary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private primary education institutions. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • People > Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people: Death rate, crude (per 1,000 people). Crude death rate indicates the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
  • Environment > Pollution perceptions > Air pollution: Air Pollution. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with the quality of air in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Media > Households with television: Households with television are the share of households with a television set. Some countries report only the number of households with a color television set, and therefore the true number may be higher than reported.
  • Health > Birth rate > Crude > Per 1,000 people: Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the population growth rate in the absence of migration.
  • Conflict > Terrorism > Global Terrorism Index: Score on Global Terrorism Index. A high value indicates that a country is affected by many terrorist incidents with a strong impact in terms of fatalities, injuries and damaged property.
  • Culture > Happy Planet Index: The Happy Planet Index (HPI) is calculated from three components: Perceived well-being, life expectancy and ecological footprint. A higher value indicates a happier population.
  • Government > Executive branch > Head of government: Head of government includes the name and title of the top administrative leader who is designated to manage the day-to-day activities of the government. For example, in the UK, the monarch is the chief of state, and the prime minister is the head of government. In the US, the president is both the chief of state and the head of government.
  • Geography > Coastline: The total length of the boundary between the land area (including islands) and the sea.
  • Labor > Labor force: The total labor force figure
  • Environment > Current issues: This entry lists the most pressing and important environmental problems. The following terms and abbreviations are used throughout the entry:
  • Energy > Oil > Consumption: This entry is the total oil consumed in barrels per day (bbl/day). The discrepancy between the amount of oil produced and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is due to the omission of stock changes, refinery gains, and other complicating factors.
  • Health > Life expectancy at birth, female > Years: Life expectancy at birth, female (years). Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Health > Life expectancy > Men: Life expectancy for men.
  • Media > Television > List of TV stations: List of TV stations.
  • Energy > Oil > Production > Per capita: This entry is the total oil produced in barrels per day (bbl/day). The discrepancy between the amount of oil produced and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is due to the omission of stock changes, refinery gains, and other complicating factors. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • People > Total fertility rate: The average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their child-bearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population growth in the country. High rates will also place some limits on the labor force participation rates for women. Large numbers of children born to women indicate large family sizes that might limit the ability of the families to feed and educate their children.
  • Health > Life expectancy at birth, male > Years: Life expectancy at birth, male (years). Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 65 and older.
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Rice > White, 1kg: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked about the price of 1 kg of White Rice. Prices in current USD.
  • Media > Television receivers > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Government > Executive branch > Chief of state: The name and title of any person or role roughly equivalent to a U.S. Chief of State. This means the titular leader of the country who represents the state at official and ceremonial functions but may not be involved with the day-to-day activities of the government
  • Government > Diplomatic representation from the US > Mailing address: This entry includes the chief of mission, embassy address, mailing address, telephone number, FAX number, branch office locations, consulate general locations, and consulate locations.
  • Media > Telecoms > Mobile cellular subscriptions > Per 100 people: Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people). Mobile cellular telephone subscriptions are subscriptions to a public mobile telephone service using cellular technology, which provide access to the public switched telephone network. Post-paid and prepaid subscriptions are included.
  • Economy > GDP > Purchasing power parity: This entry gives the gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. A nation's GDP at purchasing power parity (PPP) exchange rates is the sum value of all goods and services produced in the country valued at prices prevailing in the United States. This is the measure most economists prefer when looking at per-capita welfare and when comparing living conditions or use of resources across countries. The measure is difficult to compute, as a US dollar value has to be assigned to all goods and services in the country regardless of whether these goods and services have a direct equivalent in the United States (for example, the value of an ox-cart or non-US military equipment); as a result, PPP estimates for some countries are based on a small and sometimes different set of goods and services. In addition, many countries do not formally participate in the World Bank's PPP project that calculates these measures, so the resulting GDP estimates for these countries may lack precision. For many developing countries, PPP-based GDP measures are multiples of the official exchange rate (OER) measure. The difference between the OER- and PPP-denominated GDP values for most of the weathly industrialized countries are generally much smaller.
  • Government > Capital city > Name: This entry gives the name of the seat of government, its geographic coordinates, the time difference relative to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) and the time observed in Washington, DC, and, if applicable, information on daylight saving time (DST). Where appropriate, a special note has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones.
  • Government > Capital city > Geographic coordinates: This entry gives the name of the seat of government, its geographic coordinates, the time difference relative to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) and the time observed in Washington, DC, and, if applicable, information on daylight saving time (DST). Where appropriate, a special note has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones.
  • Culture > Sexuality > Homosexuality > Legality of homosexual acts: Same-sex sexual activity.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Environment > Climate change > CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total > Million metric tons: CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production is the sum of three IEA categories of CO2 emissions: (1) Main Activity Producer Electricity and Heat which contains the sum of emissions from main activity producer electricity generation, combined heat and power generation and heat plants. Main activity producers (formerly known as public utilities) are defined as those undertakings whose primary activity is to supply the public. They may be publicly or privately owned. This corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 1 a. For the CO2 emissions from fuel combustion (summary) file, emissions from own on-site use of fuel in power plants (EPOWERPLT) are also included. (2) Unallocated Autoproducers which contains the emissions from the generation of electricity and/or heat by autoproducers. Autoproducers are defined as undertakings that generate electricity and/or heat, wholly or partly for their own use as an activity which supports their primary activity. They may be privately or publicly owned. In the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, these emissions would normally be distributed between industry, transport and "other" sectors. (3) Other Energy Industries contains emissions from fuel combusted in petroleum refineries, for the manufacture of solid fuels, coal mining, oil and gas extraction and other energy-producing industries. This corresponds to the IPCC Source/Sink Categories 1 A 1 b and 1 A 1 c. According to the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, emissions from coke inputs to blast furnaces can either be counted here or in the Industrial Processes source/sink category. Within detailed sectoral calculations, certain non-energy processes can be distinguished. In the reduction of iron in a blast furnace through the combustion of coke, the primary purpose of the coke oxidation is to produce pig iron and the emissions can be considered as an industrial process. Care must be taken not to double count these emissions in both Energy and Industrial Processes. In the IEA estimations, these emissions have been included in this category.
  • Government > International organization participation: This entry lists in alphabetical order by abbreviation those international organizations in which the subject country is a member or participates in some other way.
  • People > Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population: Age dependency ratio is the ratio of dependents--people younger than 15 or older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. For example, 0.7 means there are 7 dependents for every 10 working-age people.
  • Crime > Prisoners: Total persons incarcerated
  • Media > Internet > Users per 1000: This entry gives the number of users within a country that access the Internet. Statistics vary from country to country and may include users who access the Internet at least several times a week to those who access it only once within a period of several months. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Crime > Assaults: Number of assaults recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Religion > Major religion(s): Country major religions.
  • Health > Probability of reaching 65 > Male: Probability at birth of reaching the age of 65.
  • Cost of living > Internet > Broadband 6Mpbs, uncapped data: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked abot the price of an Internet connection (6 Mbps, Unlimited Data, Cable/ADSL)". Prices in current USD.
  • Geography > Area > Water: Total water area in square kilometers
  • People > Age structure > 0-14 years: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
  • Military > Military service age and obligation: This entry gives the required ages for voluntary or conscript military service and the length of service obligation.
  • Transport > Airports: Total number of airports. Runways must be useable, but may be unpaved. May not have facilities for refuelling, maintenance, or air traffic control.
  • Military > Navy > Aircraft carriers: Number of aircraft carriers.
  • Geography > Area > Comparative to US places: This entry provides an area comparison based on total area equivalents. Most entities are compared with the entire US or one of the 50 states based on area measurements (1990 revised) provided by the US Bureau of the Census. The smaller entities are compared with Washington, DC (178 sq km, 69 sq mi) or The Mall in Washington, DC (0.59 sq km, 0.23 sq mi, 146 acres).
  • Crime > Punishment > Maximum length of sentence: Maximum length of sentence (under life).

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Language > Major language(s): Country major languages.
  • Economy > Currency > PPP conversion factor to official exchange rate ratio: Purchasing power parity conversion factor is the number of units of a country's currency required to buy the same amount of goods and services in the domestic market as a U.S. dollar would buy in the United States. Official exchange rate refers to the exchange rate determined by national authorities or to the rate determined in the legally sanctioned exchange market. It is calculated as an annual average based on monthly averages (local currency units relative to the U.S. dollar). The ratio of the PPP conversion factor to the official exchange rate (also referred to as the national price level) makes it possible to compare the cost of the bundle of goods that make up gross domestic product (GDP) across countries. It tells how many dollars are needed to buy a dollar's worth of goods in the country as compared to the United States.
  • People > Gender > Male population: Total male population.
  • Energy > Electricity production > KWh: Electricity production (kWh). Electricity production is measured at the terminals of all alternator sets in a station. In addition to hydropower, coal, oil, gas, and nuclear power generation, it covers generation by geothermal, solar, wind, and tide and wave energy, as well as that from combustible renewables and waste. Production includes the output of electricity plants that are designed to produce electricity only as well as that of combined heat and power plants.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total: Number of people aged 60 and older.
  • Media > News Agencies > List of news agencies: List of news agencies.
  • Industry > Gross value added by construction: Gross Value Added by Kind of Economic Activity at current prices - US dollars.
  • Cost of living > Real estate prices > Apartment purchase price per sqm > City centre: Price per Square Meter to Buy Apartment in City Centre. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Price per Square Meter to Buy Apartment in City Centre". Prices in current USD.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-64: Percentage of total population aged 15-64.
  • Economy > Fiscal year: The beginning and ending months for a country's accounting period of 12 months, which often is the calendar year but which may begin in any month. All yearly references are for the calendar year (CY) unless indicated as a noncalendar fiscal year (FY).
  • Background > Overview: A geopolitical overview of every sovereign country in the world, briefly examining their recent history and place on the global stage. The texts are taken from the BBC News website.
  • Energy > Energy use > Kg of oil equivalent per capita: Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita). Energy use refers to use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport.
  • People > Age structure > 65 years and over: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest."
  • Economy > GDP > Composition by sector > Industry: The gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods produced by the industrial sector within a nation in a given year. GDP dollar estimates in the Factbook are derived from purchasing power parity (PPP) calculations. See the CIA World Factbook for more information.
  • Crime > Perceived problems > Problem violent crimes including assault and armed robbery: Problem violent crimes such as assault and armed robbery. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How much of a problem are...) violent crimes such as assault and armed robbery?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Geography > Population density > People per sq. km: Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes.
  • Labor > Hours worked > Standard workweek: Standard workweek (hours).
  • Media > Internet > Fixed broadband Internet subscribers per 1000: Fixed broadband Internet subscribers. Fixed broadband Internet subscribers are the number of broadband subscribers with a digital subscriber line, cable modem, or other high-speed technology. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Economy > Currency > Official exchange rate > LCU per US$, period average: Official exchange rate (LCU per US$, period average). Official exchange rate refers to the exchange rate determined by national authorities or to the rate determined in the legally sanctioned exchange market. It is calculated as an annual average based on monthly averages (local currency units relative to the U.S. dollar).
  • Industry > Patent applications > Residents > Per capita: Patent applications are applications filed with a national patent office for exclusive rights for an invention--a product or process that provides a new way of doing something or offers a new technical solution to a problem. A patent provides protection for the invention to the owner of the patent for a limited period, generally 20 years. Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Agriculture > Agriculture, value added > Current US$: Agriculture, value added (current US$), including forestry, hunting, and fishing, as well as cultivation of crops and livestock production. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources.
  • People > Nationality > Noun: The noun which identifies citizens of the nation
  • Health > Diseases > Cancer > Cancer death rate (per 100,000 population): The number of people that will die from cancer out of 100,000 people the same age. The number is not an accurate telling of the country's cancer rate, but rather how fatal cancer is in each country.
  • Media > Radio > List of radio stations: List of radio stations.
  • Crime > Fear of crime > Feels safe walking alone > During the day: Safety walking alone during daylight. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How safe do you feel walking alone in this city during the daylight?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Economy > Imports per capita: This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise imports on a c.i.f. (cost, insurance, and freight) or f.o.b. (free on board) basis. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Military > Armed forces personnel: Total armed forces (2000)
  • Education > Literacy > Female: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Labor > Labor force > By occupation > Industry: This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by occupation. The distribution will total less than 100 percent if the data are incomplete.
  • Labor > Labor force, total: Labor force, total. Total labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector.
  • Crime > Serious assault rate: Number of major assaults recorded by police per 100,000 population
  • Health > Infant mortality rate > Total: This entry gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Cost of living > Clothing and shoe prices > Jeans > 1 pair of Levi 501s or equivalent: 1 Pair of Jeans (Levis 501 Or Similar). Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "1 Pair of Jeans (Levis 501 Or Similar)". Prices in current USD.
  • People > Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio: Percentage of dependant adults out of total population aged 15-64. A dependant adult is an adult aged 65 and older.
  • Geography > Elevation extremes > Highest point: Highest point above sea level
  • Economy > Technology index: The technology index denotes the country's technological readiness. This index is created with such indicators as companies spending on R&D, the creativity of its scientific community, personal computer and internet penetration rates.
  • Agriculture > Agricultural growth per capita: Net per capita agricultural production, expressed in International Dollars. Net means after deduction of feed and seed. International Dollars are calculated using the Geary-Khamis formula, which is designed to neutralize irrelevant exchange rate movements (more information on http://faostat3.fao.org/faostat-gateway/go/to/mes/glossary/*/E)
  • Transport > Motor vehicles: Motor vehicles per 1,000 people
  • Military > Military expenditures: This entry gives spending on defense programs for the most recent year available as a percent of gross domestic product (GDP); the GDP is calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in terms of purchasing power parity (PPP). For countries with no military forces, this figure can include expenditures on public security and police.
  • Agriculture > Products: Major agricultural crops and products
  • Cost of living > Consumer price index > Plus rent: Consumer Price Plus Rent Index is an estimation of consumer goods prices including rent in the city comparing to New York City. If a city has a an index of 120, it means Numbeo estimates it is 20% more expensive than New York (excluding rent).
  • Media > Internet > Internet users > Per 100 people: Internet users (per 100 people). Internet users are people with access to the worldwide network.
  • Cost of living > Restaurant prices > McDonalds meal: Combo Meal at McDonalds or Similar. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Combo Meal at McDonalds or Similar". Prices in current USD.
  • Environment > Pollution perceptions > Water pollution: Water Pollution. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Are you concerned with the water pollution in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Economy > Development > Human Development Index: Human Development Index trends, 1980-2012.
  • Economy > Population below poverty line > Per capita: National estimates of the percentage of the population lying below the poverty line are based on surveys of sub-groups, with the results weighted by the number of people in each group. Definitions of poverty vary considerably among nations. For example, rich nations generally employ more generous standards of poverty than poor nations. Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Education > Children out of school, primary, female per 1000: Children out of school, primary, female. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Female is the total number of female primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 0-4.
  • People > Physicians density: This entry gives the number of medical doctors (physicians), including generalist and specialist medical practitioners, per 1,000 of the population. Medical doctors are defined as doctors that study, diagnose, treat, and prevent illness, disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans through the application of modern medicine. They also plan, supervise, and evaluate care and treatment plans by other health care providers. The World Health Organization estimates that fewer than 2.3 health workers (physicians, nurses, and midwives only) per 1,000 would be insufficient to achieve coverage of primary healthcare needs.
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Chicken breasts > Skinless, boneless: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked about the price of 1 kg of Chicken Breasts (Boneless, Skinless). Prices in current USD.
  • Agriculture > Arable land > Hectares per 1000: Arable land (in hectares) includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Military > Military branches: This entry lists the service branches subordinate to defense ministries or the equivalent (typically ground, naval, air, and marine forces).
  • Economy > GDP > Per capita > PPP per thousand people: This entry shows GDP on a purchasing power parity basis divided by population as of 1 July for the same year. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Energy > Electricity > Installed generating capacity per thousand people: This entry is the total capacity of currently installed generators, expressed in kilowatts (kW), to produce electricity. A 10-kilowatt (kW) generator will produce 10 kilowatt hours (kWh) of electricity, if it runs continuously for one hour. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total: Number of people 65 years old and older.
  • Economy > Exports > Commodities: This entry provides a listing of the highest-valued exported products; it sometimes includes the percent of total dollar value.
  • Energy > Electricity > Consumption per capita: Total electricity consumed annually plus imports and minus exports, expressed in kilowatt-hours. The discrepancy between the amount of electricity generated and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is accounted for as loss in transmission and distribution. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Energy > Gasoline > Pump price for gasoline > US$ per liter: Pump price for gasoline (US$ per liter). Fuel prices refer to the pump prices of the most widely sold grade of gasoline. Prices have been converted from the local currency to U.S. dollars.
  • Agriculture > Produce > Crop > Production index: Crop production index shows agricultural production for each year relative to the base period 1999-2001. It includes all crops except fodder crops. Regional and income group aggregates for the FAO's production indexes are calculated from the underlying values in international dollars, normalized to the base period 1999-2001.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total: Number of people aged 15-59.
  • Industry > Gross value added by manufacturing: Gross Value Added by Kind of Economic Activity at current prices - US dollars.
  • Crime > Prisoners > Per capita: Data for 2003. Number of prisoners held per 100,000 population.
  • Crime > Punishment > Crimes possibly attracting life sentence: Possible other sentence.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Groceries index: Groceries Index is an estimation of grocery prices in a given location compared to New York City. To calculate this section, Numbeo uses the "Markets" section of each city.
  • Labor > Labor force > By occupation > Agriculture: This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by occupation. The distribution will total less than 100 percent if the data are incomplete.
  • Religion > Seventh-day Adventist Membership: This entry lists Seventh-day Adventist membership worldwide as of 2004. Membership is defined as baptised and active.
  • Economy > Poverty and inequality > Richest quintile to poorest quintile ratio: The ratio of average income of the richest 20% of the population to the average income of the poorest 20% of the population.
  • Cost of living > Real estate prices > Rent per month > 1 bedroom apartment > City centre: Apartment (1 bedroom) in City Centre. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Apartment (1 bedroom) in City Centre". Prices in current USD.
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Apple > 1kg: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked about the price of 1 kg of apples. Prices in current USD.
  • Energy > Electricity > Production: The annual electricity generated expressed in kilowatt-hours. The discrepancy between the amount of electricity generated and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is accounted for as loss in transmission and distribution.
  • Government > Country name > Conventional long form: This entry is derived from Government > Country name, which includes all forms of the country's name approved by the US Board on Geographic Names (Italy is used as an example): conventional long form (Italian Republic), conventional short form (Italy), local long form (Repubblica Italiana), local short form (Italia), former (Kingdom of Italy), as well as the abbreviation. Also see the Terminology note.
  • Media > Personal computers per 1000: Personal computers are self-contained computers designed to be used by a single individual. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Transport > Highways > Total > Per capita: total length of the highway system Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total: Number of people aged 80 years and older.
  • People > Cities > Urban population: Total population living in urban areas. The defition of an urban area differs for each country. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Geography > Land use > Arable land: The percentage of used land that is arable. Arable land is land cultivated for crops that are replanted after each harvest like wheat, maize, and rice
  • Industry > CO2 emissions from manufacturing industries and construction > Million metric tons: CO2 emissions from manufacturing industries and construction (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from manufacturing industries and construction contains the emissions from combustion of fuels in industry. The IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 2 includes these emissions. However, in the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, the IPCC category also includes emissions from industry autoproducers that generate electricity and/or heat. The IEA data are not collected in a way that allows the energy consumption to be split by specific end-use and therefore, autoproducers are shown as a separate item (Unallocated Autoproducers). Manufacturing industries and construction also includes emissions from coke inputs into blast furnaces, which may be reported either in the transformation sector, the industry sector or the separate IPCC Source/Sink Category 2, Industrial Processes.
  • Religion > Secularism and atheism > Population considering religion unimportant: Percentage of population who says religion is not important in their daily lives. The survey was carried out within the Gallup Poll.
  • Crime > Fear of crime > Worries about being attacked: Worries attacked. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How worried are you about)......being physically attacked by strangers?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Labor > Labor force > By occupation > Services: This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by occupation. The distribution will total less than 100 percent if the data are incomplete.
  • Culture > World Heritage Sites: Cultural sites.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Weather > Precipitation: Average annual precipitation (rain or snow fall) in million cubic metres.
  • Geography > Land boundaries > Border countries: Length of land boundaries by border country
  • Economy > Imports: This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise imports on a c.i.f. (cost, insurance, and freight) or f.o.b. (free on board) basis. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms.
  • People > Nationality > Adjective: This entry is derived from People > Nationality, which provides the identifying terms for citizens - noun and adjective.
  • Agriculture > Produce > Food > Production index: Food production index covers food crops that are considered edible and that contain nutrients. Coffee and tea are excluded because, although edible, they have no nutritive value.
  • Media > Radio broadcast stations: The total number of AM, FM, and shortwave broadcast stations.
  • Health > Deaths > Percent deaths registered: Civil registration coverage of deaths (%).
  • People > Sex ratio > Total population: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Conflict > Civil war and unrest > Arab Spring death toll: Death toll related to events directly related to the Arab Spring.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 5-14.
  • Environment > Pollution perceptions > Air quality: Air quality. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with the quality of air in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Health > Fertility rate > Total > Births per woman: Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates.
  • Sports > Chess > GrandMasters: Number of GrandMaster chess champions, by country. A GrandMaster is the highest level of recognition in chess.
  • Government > Executive branch > Elections: Elections includes the nature of election process or accession to power, date of the last election, and date of the next election
  • Crime > Software piracy rate: The piracy rate is the total number of units of pirated software deployed in 2007 divided by the total units of software installed.
  • Religion > Christian > Mormon > Congregations: Total Congregations.
  • Military > Expenditures > Percent of GDP: Current military expenditures as an estimated percent of gross domestic product (GDP).
  • Economy > Budget > Expenditures: Expenditures calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms
  • People > Sex ratio > At birth: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Environment > Adjusted net national income > Constant 2000 US$: Adjusted net national income (constant 2000 US$). Adjusted net national income is GNI minus consumption of fixed capital and natural resources depletion.
  • Health > HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS > Per capita: An estimate of all people (adults and children) alive at yearend with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Energy > Crude oil > Production: This entry is the total amount of crude oil produced, in barrels per day (bbl/day).
  • Economy > GINI index: Gini index measures the extent to which the distribution of income (or, in some cases, consumption expenditure) among individuals or households within an economy deviates from a perfectly equal distribution. A Lorenz curve plots the cumulative percentages of total income received against the cumulative number of recipients, starting with the poorest individual or household. The Gini index measures the area between the Lorenz curve and a hypothetical line of absolute equality, expressed as a percentage of the maximum area under the line. Thus a Gini index of 0 represents perfect equality, while an index of 100 implies perfect inequality.
  • Cost of living > Restaurant prices > Restaurant index: Restaurants Index is a comparison of prices of meals and drinks in restaurants and bars compared to NYC.
  • Economy > Reserves of foreign exchange and gold per capita: This entry gives the dollar value for the stock of all financial assets that are available to the central monetary authority for use in meeting a country's balance of payments needs as of the end-date of the period specified. This category includes not only foreign currency and gold, but also a country's holdings of Special Drawing Rights in the International Monetary Fund, and its reserve position in the Fund. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Economy > Debt > Net foreign assets > Current LCU: Net foreign assets (current LCU). Net foreign assets are the sum of foreign assets held by monetary authorities and deposit money banks, less their foreign liabilities. Data are in current local currency.
  • Crime > Perceived problems > Property crimes including vandalism and theft: Problem property crimes such as vandalism and theft. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How much of a problem are...) property crimes such as vandalism and theft?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Economy > Budget > Revenues > Per capita: Revenues calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Transport > Rail > Railway length: Railway length in kilometers.
  • Cost of living > Sports > Tennis court hire > 1 hour, weekend: Tennis Court Rent (1 Hour on Weekend). Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Tennis Court Rent (1 Hour on Weekend)". Prices in current USD.
  • Industry > Industry, value added > Current US$: Industry, value added (current US$). Industry corresponds to ISIC divisions 10-45 and includes manufacturing (ISIC divisions 15-37). It comprises value added in mining, manufacturing (also reported as a separate subgroup), construction, electricity, water, and gas. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Cost of living > Real estate prices > Apartment purchase price per sqm > Outside city centre: Price per Square Meter to Buy Apartment Outside of Centre. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Price per Square Meter to Buy Apartment Outside of Centre". Prices in current USD.
  • Cost of living > Prices at markets > Potatoes > 1kg: Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014 (sample survey for the United States). Respondents were asked about the price of 1 kg of potatoes. Prices in current USD.
  • People > Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Percent: Percentage of total population aged 80 and older.
  • Education > Child care (preschool) > Duration: Number of years students study at the pre-primary (preschool) level. It should be noted that not all countries require pre-primary education.
  • Environment > CO2 Emissions per 1000: CO2: Total Emissions (excluding land-use) Units: thousand metric tonnes of carbon dioxide. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Media > Fixed line and mobile phone subscribers > Per 1,000 people: Fixed lines are telephone mainlines connecting a customer's equipment to the public switched telephone network. Mobile phone subscribers refer to users of portable telephones subscribing to an automatic public mobile telephone service using cellular technology that provides access to the public switched telephone network.
  • Energy > Electricity > Consumption by households per capita: . Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Government > National symbol(s): A national symbol is a faunal, floral, or other abstract representation - or some distinctive object - that over time has come to be closely identified with a country or entity. Not all countries have national symbols; a few countries have more than one.
  • Industry > Gross value added by construction per capita: Gross Value Added by Kind of Economic Activity at current prices - US dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Religion > Muslim > Muslim percentage of total population: Muslim percentage (%) of total population 2014 Pew Report.
  • Geography > Irrigated land: The number of square kilometers of land area that is artificially supplied with water.
  • Transport > Gross value added by transport, storage and communication: Gross Value Added by Kind of Economic Activity at current prices - US dollars.
  • Labor > GNI > Current US$: GNI (current US$). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Media > Internet > Users > Per capita: This entry gives the number of users within a country that access the Internet. Statistics vary from country to country and may include users who access the Internet at least several times a week to those who access it only once within a period of several months. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Education > Secondary education > Teachers > Per capita: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Energy > Electricity production from renewable sources > KWh: Electricity production from renewable sources (kWh). Electricity production from renewable sources includes hydropower, geothermal, solar, tides, wind, biomass, and biofuels.
  • Religion > Islam > Percentage Muslim: Percent of Muslims in each country.
  • Health > Births and maternity > Infant mortality rate: How many infants, out of 1000, who will die before attaining one year of age.
  • Environment > Pollution perceptions > Drinking water pollution: Drinking Water Pollution and Inaccessibility. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How do you find quality and the accessibility of drinking water?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Cost of living > Restaurant prices > 3 course meal for 2: Meal for 2, Mid-range Restaurant, Three-course. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Meal for 2, Mid-range Restaurant, Three-course". Prices in current USD.
  • Culture > Smoking > Cigarettes per adult per year: This list compares the average annual consumption of cigarettes per adult in countries around the world. Ten european countries top the list, all located at the East of the continent, with the exception of Greece. Developed asian countries like China, South Korea and Japan also register high cigarette consumption, while Africa hosts the countries with less consumption.
  • Environment > Proportion of land area under protection: Terrestrial areas protected to total surface area, percentage.
  • Media > Telecoms > Telephone lines per 1000: Telephone lines. Telephone lines are fixed telephone lines that connect a subscriber's terminal equipment to the public switched telephone network and that have a port on a telephone exchange. Integrated services digital network channels ands fixed wireless subscribers are included. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Health > Life expectancy > Women: Life expectancy for women.
  • Geography > Natural hazards: Potential natural disasters.
  • Economy > Exports > Main exports: Country main exports.
  • Industry > Manufacturing > Value added > Constant 2000 US$: Manufacturing refers to industries belonging to ISIC divisions 15-37. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are expressed constant 2000 U.S. dollars.
  • Government > Flag description: A written flag description produced from actual flags or the best information available at the time the entry was written. The flags of independent states are used by their dependencies unless there is an officially recognized local flag. Some disputed and other areas do not have flags.
  • Economy > Budget > Revenues per capita: Revenues calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Geography > Rural population density > Rural population per sq. km of arable land: Rural population density is the rural population divided by the arable land area. Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded.
  • Geography > Maritime claims > Territorial sea: territorial sea - the sovereignty of a coastal State extends beyond its land territory and internal waters to an adjacent belt of sea, described as the territorial sea in the LOS Convention (Part II); this sovereignty extends to the air space over the territorial sea as well as its underlying seabed and subsoil; every State has the right to establish the breadth of its territorial sea up to a limit not exceeding 12 nautical miles. A full and definitive definition can be found in the Law of the Sea (LOS) Convention.
  • Labor > Expense > Current LCU: Expense (current LCU). Expense is cash payments for operating activities of the government in providing goods and services. It includes compensation of employees (such as wages and salaries), interest and subsidies, grants, social benefits, and other expenses such as rent and dividends.
  • Environment > Pollution perceptions > Clean water: Water Quality. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Are you concerned with the water pollution in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Economy > Debt > External: Total public and private debt owed to non-residents repayable in foreign currency, goods, or services.
  • Cost of living > Real estate prices > Rent per month > 1 bedroom apartment > Outside city centre: Apartment (1 bedroom) Outside of Centre. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Aland Islands, Andorra and 81 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Armenia and 19 more countries and over 100 contributions for Argentina, Australia, Austria and 82 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from May, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Apartment (1 bedroom) Outside of Centre". Prices in current USD.
  • Economy > Gross domestic savings > Current US$ per capita: Gross domestic savings are calculated as GDP less final consumption expenditure (total consumption). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Crime > Perceived problems > Illegal drugs: Problem people using or dealing drugs. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How much of a problem are...) people using or dealing drugs?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Media > Televisions: The total number of televisions
  • Education > Secondary education, pupils: Secondary education, pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • Agriculture > Agricultural machinery > Tractors > Per capita: Agricultural machinery refers to the number of wheel and crawler tractors (excluding garden tractors) in use in agriculture at the end of the calendar year specified or during the first quarter of the following year. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Media > Telephones > Main lines in use > Per capita: The total number of main telephone lines in use. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Education > College and university > Private school share: Percentage of post-secondary students who attend a private school, college, or university.
  • Education > School life expectancy > Total: School life expectancy and transition from primary to secondary for school years 1998/99 and 1999/00, published in http://www.uis.unesco.org accessed on Sept. 2002 and Women's Indicators and Statistics Database (Wistat), Version 4, CD-ROM (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.00.XVII.4) based on data provided by UNESCO in 1999.
  • Language > Linguistic diversity index: LDI.
  • Economy > Debt > External > Per capita: Total public and private debt owed to non-residents repayable in foreign currency, goods, or services. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Crime > Perceived problems > Problem corruption and bribery: Problem corruption and bribery. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How much of a problem are...) corruption and bribery?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Economy > GDP > Composition by sector > Services: The gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final services produced within a nation in a given year. GDP dollar estimates in the Factbook are derived from purchasing power parity (PPP) calculations. See the CIA World Factbook for more information.
  • Energy > Electricity > Production > Per capita: The annual electricity generated expressed in kilowatt-hours. The discrepancy between the amount of electricity generated and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is accounted for as loss in transmission and distribution. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Transport > Road > Motorway density: Meters of motorway per square kilometer.
  • Geography > Area > Land per 1000: Total land area in square kilometres. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
STAT Egypt Tunisia HISTORY
Cost of living > Average monthly disposable salary > After tax $264.33
Ranked 134th.
$393.03
Ranked 116th. 49% more than Egypt
Crime > Crime levels 55
Ranked 32nd. 18% more than Tunisia
46.67
Ranked 46th.
Crime > Violent crime > Intentional homicide rate 1.24
Ranked 71st. 16% more than Tunisia
1.07
Ranked 42nd.

Crime > Violent crime > Murder rate 992
Ranked 26th. 8 times more than Tunisia
117
Ranked 120th.
Crime > Violent crime > Murder rate per million people 12.92
Ranked 89th. 14% more than Tunisia
11.33
Ranked 150th.
Economy > GDP $257.29 billion
Ranked 38th. 6 times more than Tunisia
$45.66 billion
Ranked 73th.

Economy > GDP per capita $3,187.31
Ranked 113th.
$4,236.79
Ranked 96th. 33% more than Egypt

Economy > Population below poverty line 20%
Ranked 21st. 3 times more than Tunisia
7.4%
Ranked 27th.

Geography > Land area > Square miles 386,874 square miles
Ranked 20th. 6 times more than Tunisia
63,378 square miles
Ranked 48th.
Government > Government type republic republic
Government > Legal system Islamic law is ensured in Article 2 of the Egyptian constitution. mixed legal system of civil law, based on the French civil code, and Islamic law; some judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court in joint session
Health > Physicians > Per 1,000 people 0.54 per 1,000 people
Ranked 46th.
1.34 per 1,000 people
Ranked 10th. 2 times more than Egypt

Military > Air force > Combat aircraft 900
Ranked 3rd. 16 times more than Tunisia
56
Ranked 33th.
People > Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 15.64%
Ranked 99th. 6% more than Tunisia
14.71%
Ranked 142nd.

People > Population 85.29 million
Ranked 15th. 8 times more than Tunisia
10.84 million
Ranked 79th.

Health > Births and maternity > Total fertility rate 1.84%
Ranked 132nd.
1.85%
Ranked 114th. 1% more than Egypt

Geography > Area > Comparative slightly more than three times the size of New Mexico slightly larger than Georgia
Crime > Violent crime > Gun crime > Guns per 100 residents 3.5
Ranked 110th. 35 times more than Tunisia
0.1
Ranked 170th.
Economy > Budget surplus > + or deficit > - -10.9% of GDP
Ranked 173th. 4 times more than Tunisia
-2.7% of GDP
Ranked 85th.

Geography > Climate desert; hot, dry summers with moderate winters temperate in north with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers; desert in south
Geography > Area > Land 995,450 sq km
Ranked 30th. 6 times more than Tunisia
155,360 sq km
Ranked 91st.

Government > Legislative branch bicameral system consists of the Advisory Council or Majlis al-Shura (Shura Council) that traditionally functions mostly in a consultative role bicameral system consists of the Chamber of Advisors
Geography > Geographic coordinates 27 00 N, 30 00 E 34 00 N, 9 00 E
Religion > Religions Muslim (mostly Sunni) 90%, Coptic 9%, other Christian 1% Muslim 98%, Christian 1%, Jewish and other 1%
Cost of living > Local purchasing power 24.76
Ranked 108th.
33.5
Ranked 88th. 35% more than Egypt
People > Population > Population growth, past and future -0.077
Ranked 87th.
-0.311
Ranked 159th. 4 times more than Egypt

Cost of living > Prices at markets > Cigarettes > Pack of Marlboro $2.23
Ranked 107th.
$3.15
Ranked 68th. 41% more than Egypt
Environment > Marine fish catch 155,133 tons
Ranked 47th. 2 times more than Tunisia
74,438 tons
Ranked 61st.
Economy > Unemployment rate 12.7%
Ranked 29th.
17.4%
Ranked 15th. 37% more than Egypt

People > Ethnic groups Egyptian 99.6%, other 0.4% Arab 98%, European 1%, Jewish and other 1%
Government > Suffrage 18 years of age; universal and compulsory 18 years of age; universal except for active government security forces (including the police and the military), people with mental disabilities, people who have served more than three months in prison (criminal cases only), and people given a suspended sentence of more than six months
Geography > Area > Total 1 million sq km
Ranked 31st. 6 times more than Tunisia
163,610 sq km
Ranked 94th.

People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Percent 10.96%
Ranked 89th. 4% more than Tunisia
10.54%
Ranked 120th.

Government > Constitution several previous; latest approved 30 November 2012, passed by referendum 15-22 December 2012, effective 26 December 2012 several previous
Agriculture > Arable land > Hectares 3 million hectares
Ranked 29th. 8% more than Tunisia
2.79 million hectares
Ranked 67th.

Labor > Salaries and benefits > Minimum wage None; for the public sector the minimum wage is LE 700 ($110) per month. For the industrial sector: 286 Tunisian dinars ($190) per month for a 48-hour workweek and 246 dinars ($164) per month for a 40\u2011hour workweek; 8 dinars ($5.50) to 9 dinars ($6) per day for agricultural workers; supplemented with transportation and family allowances.
Government > Judicial branch Court of Cassation (final court of appeal in civil and criminal cases); State Council (head of court system administration); Supreme Constitutional Court (jurisdiction limited to constitutionality of laws) Court of Cassation or Cour de Cassation
Education > Children out of school, primary 210,911
Ranked 24th. 414 times more than Tunisia
510
Ranked 61st.

Transport > Road > Motor vehicles per 1000 people 45
Ranked 131st.
125
Ranked 97th. 3 times more than Egypt
Economy > GDP > Purchasing power parity per capita $6,415.57
Ranked 102nd.
$9,507.92
Ranked 83th. 48% more than Egypt

People > Birth rate 23.79 births/1,000 population
Ranked 67th. 39% more than Tunisia
17.12 births/1,000 population
Ranked 113th.

People > Population growth -0.077%
Ranked 87th.
-0.311%
Ranked 159th. 4 times more than Egypt

Education > Pupil-teacher ratio, primary 27.73
Ranked 44th. 62% more than Tunisia
17.15
Ranked 54th.

Economy > Budget > Revenues $50.10 billion
Ranked 54th. 4 times more than Tunisia
$11.85 billion
Ranked 79th.

People > Age distribution > Median age 45.1 years
Ranked 110th.
48.2 years
Ranked 52nd. 7% more than Egypt

Economy > GDP > Per capita > PPP $6,500.00
Ranked 109th.
$9,700.00
Ranked 89th. 49% more than Egypt

Crime > Justice system > Punishment > Capital punishment (last execution year) 2,011
Ranked 7th. 1% more than Tunisia
1,991
Ranked 27th.
Government > Political parties and leaders Alliance for Egypt (Islamic Bloc)<br />Egyptian Current Party (Islam LOTFY)<br />Al-Wasat Party<br />Constitution Party [Mohammed ELBARADEI]<br />Democratic Alliance for Egypt<br />Democratic Peace Party<br />Egyptian Citizen Party<br />Freedom Party<br />Nation Party [Hazem Abu ISMAIL]<br />National Party of Egypt<br />New Wafd Party<br />People's Party<br />Popular Current Party [Hamdin SABAHI]<br />Reform and Development Party<br />Strong Egypt Party [Abdel Aboul FOTOUH]<br />The Revolution Continues Alliance Afek Tounes [Emna MINF]<br />Alliance for Tunisia (a coalition of Tunisia's Call [Beji Caid ESSEBSI], Republican Party [Maya JRIBI and Najib CHBBI],Democratic Path [Ahmed BRAHIM])<br />al-Nahda (The Renaissance) [Rachid GHANNOUCHI]<br />Congress Party for the Republic or CPR [Moncef MARZOUKI]<br />Democratic Forum for Labor and Liberties or FDTL (Ettakatol) [Mustapha Ben JAAFAR]<br />Democratic Modernist Pole or PDM (a coalition)<br />Democratic Socialist Movement or MDS<br />Et-Tajdid Movement [Ahmed IBRAHIM]<br />Green Party for Progress or PVP [Mongi KHAMASSI]<br />Liberal Social Party or PSL [Mondher THABET]<br />Movement of Socialist Democrats or MDS [Ismail BOULAHYA]<br />Popular Petition (Aridha Chaabia) [Hachemi HAMDI]<br />Popular Unity Party or PUP [Mohamed BOUCHIHA]<br />Progressive Democratic Party or PDP [Maya JERIBI]<br />The Initiative [Kamel MORJANE] (formerly the Constitutional Democratic Rally or RCD)<br />Tunisian Workers' Communist Party or PCOT [Hamma HAMMAMI]<br />Unionist Democratic Union or UDU [Ahmed INOUBLI]
Economy > Economy > Overview Occupying the northeast corner of the African continent, Egypt is bisected by the highly fertile Nile valley, where most economic activity takes place. Egypt's economy was highly centralized during the rule of former President Gamal Abdel NASSER but opened up considerably under former Presidents Anwar EL-SADAT and Mohamed Hosni MUBARAK. Cairo from 2004 to 2008 aggressively pursued economic reforms to attract foreign investment and facilitate GDP growth. Despite the relatively high levels of economic growth in recent years, living conditions for the average Egyptian remained poor and contributed to public discontent. After unrest erupted in January 2011, the Egyptian Government backtracked on economic reforms, drastically increasing social spending to address public dissatisfaction, but political uncertainty at the same time caused economic growth to slow significantly, reducing the government's revenues. Tourism, manufacturing, and construction were among the hardest hit sectors of the Egyptian economy, and economic growth is likely to remain slow during the next several years. The government drew down foreign exchange reserves by more than 50% in 2011 and 2012 to support the Egyptian pound and the dearth of foreign financial assistance - as a result of unsuccessful negotiations with the International Monetary Fund over a multi-billion dollar loan agreement which have dragged on more than 20 months - could precipitate fiscal and balance of payments crises in 2013. Tunisia's diverse, market-oriented economy has long been cited as a success story in Africa and the Middle East, but it faces an array of challenges during the country's ongoing political transition. Following an ill-fated experiment with socialist economic policies in the 1960s, Tunisia embarked on a successful strategy focused on bolstering exports, foreign investment, and tourism, all of which have become central to the country''s economy. Key exports now include textiles and apparel, food products, petroleum products, chemicals, and phosphates, with about 80% of exports bound for Tunisia''s main economic partner, the European Union. Tunisia''s liberal strategy, coupled with investments in education and infrastructure, fueled decades of 4-5% annual GDP growth and improving living standards. Former President (1987-2011) Zine el Abidine BEN ALI continued these policies, but as his reign wore on cronyism and corruption stymied economic performance and unemployment rose among the country''s growing ranks of university graduates. These grievances contributed to the January 2011 overthrow of BEN ALI, sending Tunisia''s economy into a tailspin as tourism and investment declined sharply. As the economy recovers, Tunisia''s government faces challenges reassuring businesses and investors, bringing budget and current account deficits under control, shoring up the country''s financial system, bringing down high unemployment, and reducing economic disparities between the more developed coastal region and the impoverished interior.
Crime > Violent crime > Murders per million people 12.92
Ranked 89th. 14% more than Tunisia
11.33
Ranked 150th.
Economy > Exports $24.93 billion
Ranked 67th. 46% more than Tunisia
$17.07 billion
Ranked 73th.

Crime > Violent crime > Murders 992
Ranked 26th. 8 times more than Tunisia
117
Ranked 120th.
Government > Executive branch > Cabinet in an early January 2013 cabinet reshuffle, 10 new ministers were sworn in selected by the prime minister and approved by the Constituent Assembly
Health > Hospital beds > Per 1,000 people 2.2 per 1,000 people
Ranked 44th. 29% more than Tunisia
1.7 per 1,000 people
Ranked 44th.

Education > Compulsary education duration 9
Ranked 86th. The same as Tunisia
9
Ranked 46th.

People > Gender > Female population 67.29 million
Ranked 17th. 12 times more than Tunisia
5.84 million
Ranked 97th.

People > Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 > Total 21.15 million
Ranked 21st. 12 times more than Tunisia
1.7 million
Ranked 99th.

Economy > GDP > Per capita $5,046.37 per capita
Ranked 106th.
$9,507.92 per capita
Ranked 42nd. 88% more than Egypt

Agriculture > Rural population 45,622
Ranked 57th. 2 times more than Tunisia
21,597
Ranked 149th.

Energy > Electricity > Consumption > Per capita 1,295.82 kWh per capita
Ranked 79th. 14% more than Tunisia
1,136.41 kWh per capita
Ranked 17th.

People > Death rate 4.79 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 193th.
5.9 deaths/1,000 population
Ranked 169th. 23% more than Egypt

Cost of living > Prices at markets > Water > 1.5 litre bottle $0.43
Ranked 136th. 16% more than Tunisia
$0.37
Ranked 141st.
Environment > Ecological footprint 1.7
Ranked 81st.
1.8
Ranked 28th. 6% more than Egypt

Cost of living > Prices at markets > Loaf of bread > Fresh, white $0.81
Ranked 101st. 4 times more than Tunisia
$0.21
Ranked 145th.
Government > Political pressure groups and leaders Muslim Brotherhood (technically illegal) 18
Geography > Natural resources petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, manganese, limestone, gypsum, talc, asbestos, lead, rare earth elements, zinc petroleum, phosphates, iron ore, lead, zinc, salt
Industry > Manufacturing, value added > Current US$ per capita $457.64
Ranked 48th.
$628.97
Ranked 38th. 37% more than Egypt

Energy > Electricity > Consumption 122.4 billion kWh
Ranked 15th. 9 times more than Tunisia
13.29 billion kWh
Ranked 55th.

People > Age distribution > Total dependency ratio 69.73%
Ranked 115th.
82.92%
Ranked 51st. 19% more than Egypt

Geography > Surface area > Sq. km 1 million km²
Ranked 29th. 6 times more than Tunisia
163,610 km²
Ranked 90th.

People > Population growth rate 1.88%
Ranked 63th. 98% more than Tunisia
0.95%
Ranked 120th.

Geography > Area > Land > Per capita 12.18 sq km per 1,000 people
Ranked 117th.
14.96 sq km per 1,000 people
Ranked 98th. 23% more than Egypt

Media > Telephones > Mobile cellular > Per capita 374.25 per 1,000 people
Ranked 107th.
763.13 per 1,000 people
Ranked 72nd. 2 times more than Egypt

Agriculture > Agricultural land > Sq. km 36,650 sq. km
Ranked 100th.
100,720 sq. km
Ranked 73th. 3 times more than Egypt

Education > Children out of school, primary per 1000 2.66
Ranked 71st. 56 times more than Tunisia
0.0473
Ranked 63th.

Health > Life expectancy at birth, total > Years 70.68
Ranked 114th.
74.75
Ranked 74th. 6% more than Egypt

Media > Internet > Internet users per thousand people 432.4
Ranked 100th. 5% more than Tunisia
410.48
Ranked 106th.
Energy > Electric power consumption > KWh per capita 1,742.91
Ranked 80th. 34% more than Tunisia
1,297.1
Ranked 93th.

Cost of living > Basic utilities > Garbage, water, heating, electricity for 85 sqm apartment $24.07
Ranked 144th.
$79.17
Ranked 94th. 3 times more than Egypt
Crime > Believes crime increasing in the past 3 years 90.91
Ranked 2nd. 24% more than Tunisia
73.33
Ranked 24th.
Military > Personnel > Per capita 10.79 per 1,000 people
Ranked 25th. 2 times more than Tunisia
4.69 per 1,000 people
Ranked 78th.

Agriculture > Arable land > Hectares per capita 0.0361
Ranked 170th.
0.266
Ranked 50th. 7 times more than Egypt

Agriculture > Agricultural growth 115
Ranked 74th.
119
Ranked 59th. 3% more than Egypt

Crime > Fear of crime > Violent hate crime 35.19
Ranked 25th. 51% more than Tunisia
23.33
Ranked 60th.
Economy > Debt > Government debt > Public debt, share of GDP 85 CIA
Ranked 21st. 63% more than Tunisia
52.3 CIA
Ranked 58th.
Media > Internet users 20.14 million
Ranked 21st. 6 times more than Tunisia
3.5 million
Ranked 59th.
Economy > Public debt 88% of GDP
Ranked 20th. 91% more than Tunisia
46.1% of GDP
Ranked 70th.

Economy > Inflation rate > Consumer prices 7.1%
Ranked 44th. 27% more than Tunisia
5.6%
Ranked 68th.

Education > Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary 12.13
Ranked 72nd.
13.62
Ranked 58th. 12% more than Egypt

Crime > Fear of crime > Feels safe walking alone > At night 54.46
Ranked 43th. 17% more than Tunisia
46.67
Ranked 53th.
Industry > Manufacturing, value added > Current US$ $36.94 billion
Ranked 17th. 5 times more than Tunisia
$6.78 billion
Ranked 35th.

Crime > Kidnappings 0.02
Ranked 56th.
5.77
Ranked 5th. 289 times more than Egypt
Language > Languages Arabic (official), English and French widely understood by educated classes Arabic (official and one of the languages of commerce), French (commerce)
Transport > Road network length > Km
Economy > GDP > Composition, by sector of origin > Services 48.6%
Ranked 137th.
60.7%
Ranked 89th. 25% more than Egypt
People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-24 > Total 14.81 million
Ranked 21st. 12 times more than Tunisia
1.22 million
Ranked 98th.

Economy > Exports per capita $308.84
Ranked 144th.
$1,583.86
Ranked 87th. 5 times more than Egypt

Media > Personal computers > Per capita 37.82 per 1,000 people
Ranked 37th.
56.65 per 1,000 people
Ranked 27th. 50% more than Egypt

Geography > Average precipitation in depth > Mm per year 51
Ranked 178th.
207
Ranked 163th. 4 times more than Egypt

Cost of living > Prices at markets > Milk > 1 litre $1.08
Ranked 104th. 54% more than Tunisia
$0.70
Ranked 142nd.
Cost of living > Cinema ticket price > International release $4.31
Ranked 114th. 37% more than Tunisia
$3.15
Ranked 136th.
People > Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Percent 31.66%
Ranked 113th.
36.15%
Ranked 54th. 14% more than Egypt

Cost of living > Clothing and shoe prices > Shoes > Pair of Nikes $85.78
Ranked 91st.
$94.47
Ranked 73th. 10% more than Egypt
Government > Administrative divisions 27 governorates (muhafazat, singular - muhafazat); Ad Daqahliyah, Al Bahr al Ahmar (Red Sea), Al Buhayrah, Al Fayyum, Al Gharbiyah, Al Iskandariyah (Alexandria), Al Isma'iliyah (Ismailia), Al Jizah (Giza), Al Minufiyah, Al Minya, Al Qahirah (Cairo), Al Qalyubiyah, Al Uqsur (Luxor), Al Wadi al Jadid (New Valley), As Suways (Suez), Ash Sharqiyah, Aswan, Asyut, Bani Suwayf, Bur Sa'id (Port Said), Dumyat (Damietta), Janub Sina' (South Sinai), Kafr ash Shaykh, Matruh, Qina, Shamal Sina' (North Sinai), Suhaj 24 governorates (wilayat, singular - wilayah); Beja (Bajah), Ben Arous (Bin 'Arus), Bizerte (Banzart), Gabes (Qabis), Gafsa (Qafsah), Jendouba (Jundubah), Kairouan (Al Qayrawan), Kasserine (Al Qasrayn), Kebili (Qibili), Kef (Al Kaf), L'Ariana (Aryanah), Mahdia (Al Mahdiyah), Manouba (Manubah), Medenine (Madanin), Monastir (Al Munastir), Nabeul (Nabul), Sfax (Safaqis), Sidi Bouzid (Sidi Bu Zayd), Siliana (Silyanah), Sousse (Susah), Tataouine (Tatawin), Tozeur (Tawzar), Tunis, Zaghouan (Zaghwan)
Cost of living > Real estate prices > Rent index 9.64
Ranked 131st.
10.11
Ranked 129th. 5% more than Egypt
People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 > Total 79.66 million
Ranked 16th. 13 times more than Tunisia
6.32 million
Ranked 99th.

Education > Literacy > Total population 71.4%
Ranked 9th.
74.3%
Ranked 15th. 4% more than Egypt

People > Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Total 6.93 million
Ranked 21st. 13 times more than Tunisia
549,799
Ranked 99th.

People > Obesity > Adult obesity rate 33.1%
Ranked 15th. 48% more than Tunisia
22.3%
Ranked 78th.
Cost of living > Prices at markets > Egg > Dozen $1.52
Ranked 126th. 24% more than Tunisia
$1.23
Ranked 142nd.
Education > College and university > Gender parity index 0.9
Ranked 64th.
1.52
Ranked 15th. 69% more than Egypt

Cost of living > Real estate prices > Rent per month > 3 bedroom apartment > City centre $511.21
Ranked 128th. 5% more than Tunisia
$486.03
Ranked 130th.
Economy > Distribution of family income > Gini index 34.4
Ranked 18th.
40
Ranked 6th. 16% more than Egypt

Religion > Religions > All Muslim (mostly Sunni) 90%, Coptic 9%, other Christian 1% Muslim 98%, Christian 1%, Jewish and other 1%
Cost of living > Transport prices > New car > Volkswagen Golf 1.4 or similar $25,865.04
Ranked 53th.
$31,476.24
Ranked 25th. 22% more than Egypt
Education > Primary education, duration > Years 6
Ranked 35th. The same as Tunisia
6
Ranked 27th.

Military > Global Peace Index 2.26
Ranked 49th. 13% more than Tunisia
2
Ranked 86th.

Education > Secondary education, duration > Years 6
Ranked 90th.
7
Ranked 20th. 17% more than Egypt

Energy > Electric power consumption > KWh 138.37 billion
Ranked 25th. 10 times more than Tunisia
13.85 billion
Ranked 79th.

Media > Televisions per 1000 110.9
Ranked 106th. 19% more than Tunisia
93.5
Ranked 117th.
Health > Births and maternity > Future births 1,394.18
Ranked 21st. 13 times more than Tunisia
110.4
Ranked 99th.

Energy > Oil > Consumption > Per capita 8.66 bbl/day per 1,000 peopl
Ranked 89th.
8.99 bbl/day per 1,000 peopl
Ranked 88th. 4% more than Egypt

People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 52.7%
Ranked 82nd. 7% more than Tunisia
49.13%
Ranked 141st.

Education > Children out of school, primary, female 93,942
Ranked 31st. 42 times more than Tunisia
2,257
Ranked 89th.

People > Population in 2015 88,175 thousand
Ranked 15th. 8 times more than Tunisia
11,140 thousand
Ranked 78th.
Health > Births and maternity > Average age of mother at childbirth 27.7
Ranked 22nd.
31.1
Ranked 2nd. 12% more than Egypt

Geography > Terrain vast desert plateau interrupted by Nile valley and delta mountains in north; hot, dry central plain; semiarid south merges into the Sahara
Health > Life expectancy at birth > Total population 72.66 years
Ranked 119th.
75.01 years
Ranked 87th. 3% more than Egypt

Transport > Road > Motorway length 988 km
Ranked 44th. 4 times more than Tunisia
262 km
Ranked 64th.
Military > Paramilitary personnel 397,000
Ranked 5th. 33 times more than Tunisia
12,000
Ranked 50th.
Military > Service age and obligation 18-30 years of age for male conscript military service; service obligation 12-36 months, followed by a 9-year reserve obligation 20 years of age for compulsory military service; conscript service obligation - 12 months; 18 years of age for voluntary military service
Geography > Location Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Libya and the Gaza Strip, and the Red Sea north of Sudan, and includes the Asian Sinai Peninsula Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and Libya
Education > Government spending on education > Proportion of GDP 3.76%
Ranked 87th.
6.21%
Ranked 26th. 65% more than Egypt

Labor > Labor force > By occupation agriculture 32%, industry 17%, services 51% services 55%, industry 23%, agriculture 22%
Economy > Human Development Index 0.659
Ranked 118th.
0.753
Ranked 88th. 14% more than Egypt
Labor > Unemployment rate 9.7%
Ranked 30th.
14%
Ranked 13th. 44% more than Egypt

Education > Primary education, teachers per 1000 4.87
Ranked 62nd.
5.66
Ranked 23th. 16% more than Egypt

People > Death rate, crude > Per 1,000 people 6.59
Ranked 132nd. 16% more than Tunisia
5.7
Ranked 158th.

Environment > Pollution perceptions > Air pollution 82.86
Ranked 3rd. 22% more than Tunisia
67.71
Ranked 16th.
Media > Households with television 88.6%
Ranked 61st.
91.68%
Ranked 47th. 3% more than Egypt

Health > Birth rate > Crude > Per 1,000 people 25.57 per 1,000 people
Ranked 69th. 50% more than Tunisia
17.1 per 1,000 people
Ranked 115th.

Conflict > Terrorism > Global Terrorism Index 4.58
Ranked 27th. 94% more than Tunisia
2.36
Ranked 52nd.
Culture > Happy Planet Index 60.3
Ranked 12th. 25% more than Tunisia
48.3
Ranked 39th.

Government > Executive branch > Head of government Interim Prime Minister Hazem el-BEBLAWI (since July 2013); Deputy Prime Ministers Hossam EISSA, Abdelfattah Said ELSISI, Lt. Gen., Ziad Bahaa EL-DIN Prime Minister Ali LAAREYDH (since 27 February 2013)
Geography > Coastline 2,450 km
Ranked 51st. 2 times more than Tunisia
1,148 km
Ranked 79th.

Labor > Labor force 26.1 million
Ranked 20th. 7 times more than Tunisia
3.83 million
Ranked 74th.

Environment > Current issues agricultural land being lost to urbanization and windblown sands; increasing soil salination below Aswan High Dam; desertification; oil pollution threatening coral reefs, beaches, and marine habitats; other water pollution from agricultural pesticides, raw sewage, and industrial effluents; limited natural fresh water resources away from the Nile, which is the only perennial water source; rapid growth in population overstraining the Nile and natural resources toxic and hazardous waste disposal is ineffective and poses health risks; water pollution from raw sewage; limited natural fresh water resources; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification
Energy > Oil > Consumption 683,000 bbl/day
Ranked 22nd. 8 times more than Tunisia
89,000 bbl/day
Ranked 74th.

Health > Life expectancy at birth, female > Years 73.09
Ranked 120th.
76.7
Ranked 95th. 5% more than Egypt

Health > Life expectancy > Men 72 years
Ranked 17th.
73 years
Ranked 13th. 1% more than Egypt
Media > Television > List of TV stations <p>Egypt Radio Television Union (ERTU) - state-run, operates domestic and satellite networks, including Nile News, Nile TV International and Nile TV thematic channels</p> </p>Dream TV - private satellite network, operates Dream 1 targeting young viewers and Dream 2, an entertainment channel</p> </p>Al-Mihwar - private, via satellite</p> <br> <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-13313373">Full Article</a> <p>National Tunisian TV - state-run</p> </p>Hannibal TV - private, via satellite and terrestrially</p>
Energy > Oil > Production > Per capita 8.27 bbl/day per 1,000 peopl
Ranked 45th.
8.39 bbl/day per 1,000 peopl
Ranked 44th. 2% more than Egypt

People > Total fertility rate 2.9 children born/woman
Ranked 65th. 44% more than Tunisia
2.01 children born/woman
Ranked 124th.

Health > Life expectancy at birth, male > Years 68.38
Ranked 113th.
72.9
Ranked 64th. 7% more than Egypt

People > Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Percent 25.44%
Ranked 115th.
30.62%
Ranked 52nd. 20% more than Egypt

Cost of living > Prices at markets > Rice > White, 1kg $0.73
Ranked 136th.
$1.14
Ranked 114th. 56% more than Egypt
Media > Television receivers > Per capita 121.14 per 1,000 people
Ranked 93th. 21% more than Tunisia
99.84 per 1,000 people
Ranked 102nd.

Government > Executive branch > Chief of state Interim President Adly MANSOUR (since July 2013) President Moncef MARZOUKI (since 12 December 2011)
Government > Diplomatic representation from the US > Mailing address Unit 64900, Box 15, APO AE 09839-4900; 5 Tawfik Diab Street, Garden City, Cairo use embassy street address
Media > Telecoms > Mobile cellular subscriptions > Per 100 people 115.29
Ranked 72nd.
119.96
Ranked 61st. 4% more than Egypt

Economy > GDP > Purchasing power parity $534.10 billion
Ranked 27th. 5 times more than Tunisia
$104.00 billion
Ranked 69th.

Government > Capital city > Name Cairo Tunis
Government > Capital city > Geographic coordinates 30 03 N, 31 15 E 36 48 N, 10 11 E
Culture > Sexuality > Homosexuality > Legality of homosexual acts Not specifically illegal, but is illegalized through broadly written morality laws (Penalty: Fines, torture, up to 17 years in jail with or without hard labor, or viligante executions)| Illegal (Penalty: Fine - 3 years)
Environment > Climate change > CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total > Million metric tons 86.05
Ranked 25th. 12 times more than Tunisia
7.41
Ranked 82nd.

Government > International organization participation ABEDA, AfDB, AFESD, AMF, AU, BSEC (observer), CAEU, CD, CICA, COMESA, D-8, EBRD, FAO, G-15, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, LAS, MIGA, MINURSO, MONUSCO, NAM, OAPEC, OAS (observer), OIC, OIF, OSCE (partner), PCA, UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNISFA, UNMIL, UNMISS, UNOCI, UNRWA, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO ABEDA, AfDB, AFESD, AMF, AMU, AU, BSEC (observer), CD, EBRD, FAO, G-11, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), LAS, MIGA, MONUSCO, NAM, OAPEC, OAS (observer), OIC, OIF, OPCW, OSCE (partner), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNOCI, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
People > Age dependency ratio > Dependents to working-age population 0.62
Ranked 75th. 32% more than Tunisia
0.47
Ranked 145th.

Crime > Prisoners 61,845 prisoners
Ranked 21st. 3 times more than Tunisia
23,165 prisoners
Ranked 45th.
Media > Internet > Users per 1000 116.13
Ranked 95th.
168.41
Ranked 86th. 45% more than Egypt

Crime > Assaults 0.3
Ranked 16th.
371.2
Ranked 2nd. 1237 times more than Egypt
Religion > Major religion(s) Islam, Christianity Islam
Health > Probability of reaching 65 > Male 63.9%
Ranked 84th.
70.6%
Ranked 54th. 10% more than Egypt
Cost of living > Internet > Broadband 6Mpbs, uncapped data $48.83
Ranked 55th. 82% more than Tunisia
$26.83
Ranked 110th.
Geography > Area > Water 6,000 sq km
Ranked 63th.
8,250 sq km
Ranked 55th. 38% more than Egypt

People > Age structure > 0-14 years 32.3%
Ranked 75th. 40% more than Tunisia
23%
Ranked 135th.

Military > Military service age and obligation 18-30 years of age for male conscript military service; service obligation - 18-36 months, followed by a 9-year reserve obligation; voluntary enlistment possible from age 16 20-23 years of age for compulsory service, one year service obligation; 18-23 years of age for voluntary service; Tunisian nationality required
Media > Broadcast media mix of state-run and private broadcast media; state-run TV operates 2 national and 6 regional terrestrial networks as well as a few satellite channels; about 20 private satellite channels and a large number of Arabic satellite channels are available via subscription; state-run radio operates about 70 stations belonging to 8 networks; 2 privately-owned radio stations operational broadcast media is mainly government-controlled; the state-run Tunisian Radio and Television Establishment (ERTT) operates 2 national TV networks, several national radio networks, and a number of regional radio stations; 1 TV and 3 radio stations are privately owned and report domestic news stories directly from the official Tunisian news agency; the state retains control of broadcast facilities and transmitters through L'Office National de la Telediffusion; Tunisians also have access to Egyptian, pan-Arab, and European satellite TV channels
Transport > Airports 83
Ranked 65th. 3 times more than Tunisia
29
Ranked 117th.

Military > Navy > Aircraft carriers 0.0
Ranked 7th.
0.0
Ranked 51st.
Geography > Area > Comparative to US places slightly more than three times the size of New Mexico slightly larger than Georgia
Crime > Punishment > Maximum length of sentence None None
Language > Major language(s) Arabic Arabic (official); French
Economy > Currency > PPP conversion factor to official exchange rate ratio 0.28
Ranked 120th.
0.34
Ranked 102nd. 21% more than Egypt

People > Gender > Male population 67.91 million
Ranked 17th. 12 times more than Tunisia
5.72 million
Ranked 98th.

Energy > Electricity production > KWh 156.59 billion
Ranked 24th. 10 times more than Tunisia
16.13 billion
Ranked 80th.

People > Age distribution > Population aged 60 or over > Total 42.8 million
Ranked 14th. 10 times more than Tunisia
4.18 million
Ranked 90th.

Media > News Agencies > List of news agencies <p>Middle East News Agency (MENA) - state-run</p> </p>Masrawy - news portal</p> <p>Agence Tunis Afrique Presse - state-run, English-language pages</p> </p>Tunisia Live - news website, in English</p>
Industry > Gross value added by construction 11.13 billion
Ranked 42nd. 6 times more than Tunisia
1.8 billion
Ranked 90th.

Cost of living > Real estate prices > Apartment purchase price per sqm > City centre $758.78
Ranked 125th.
$1,105.17
Ranked 107th. 46% more than Egypt
People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-64 58.92%
Ranked 82nd. 8% more than Tunisia
54.67%
Ranked 146th.

Economy > Fiscal year 1 calendar year
Background > Overview <p>Long known for its pyramids and ancient civilisation, Egypt is the largest Arab country and has played a central role in Middle Eastern politics in modern times. </p> <p>In the 1950s President Gamal Abdul Nasser pioneered Arab nationalism and the non-aligned movement, while his successor Anwar Sadat made peace with Israel and turned back to the West. </p> <p>The protests that ousted President Hosni Mubarak in 2011 put Egypt at the crossroads once again, as they led to an Islamist Muslim Brotherhood breakthrough at subsequently annulled parliamentary polls and a narrow win for the Brotherhood candidate in the presidential election of 2012. </p><br> <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-13313370">Full Article</a> <p>Home of the ancient city of Carthage, Tunisia was once an important player in the Mediterranean, placed as it is in the centre of North Africa, close to vital shipping routes. </p> <p>In their time, the Romans, Arabs, Ottoman Turks and French realised its strategic significance, making it a hub for control over the region. </p> <p>French colonial rule ended in 1956, and Tunisia was led for three decades by Habib Bourguiba, who advanced secular ideas. These included emancipation for women - women&#039;s rights in Tunisia are among the most advanced in the Arab world - the abolition of polygamy and compulsory free education. </p><br> <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-14107241">Full Article</a>
Energy > Energy use > Kg of oil equivalent per capita 978.04
Ranked 86th. 10% more than Tunisia
890.38
Ranked 90th.

People > Age structure > 65 years and over 4.8%
Ranked 142nd.
7.7%
Ranked 95th. 60% more than Egypt

Economy > GDP > Composition by sector > Industry 37.4%
Ranked 43th. 26% more than Tunisia
29.6%
Ranked 80th.

Crime > Perceived problems > Problem violent crimes including assault and armed robbery 46.36
Ranked 32nd. 32% more than Tunisia
35
Ranked 53th.
Geography > Population density > People per sq. km 74.37 people/m²
Ranked 104th. 15% more than Tunisia
64.55 people/m²
Ranked 114th.

Labor > Hours worked > Standard workweek 48 hours
Ranked 11th. The same as Tunisia
48 hours
Ranked 5th.
Media > Internet > Fixed broadband Internet subscribers per 1000 28.33
Ranked 111th.
47.53
Ranked 97th. 68% more than Egypt

Economy > Currency > Official exchange rate > LCU per US$, period average $6.06
Ranked 102nd. 4 times more than Tunisia
$1.56
Ranked 140th.

Industry > Patent applications > Residents > Per capita 2.16 per 1 million people
Ranked 48th.
5.06 per 1 million people
Ranked 64th. 2 times more than Egypt

Agriculture > Agriculture, value added > Current US$ $36.40 billion
Ranked 12th. 10 times more than Tunisia
$3.80 billion
Ranked 48th.

People > Nationality > Noun Egyptian(s) Tunisian(s)
Health > Diseases > Cancer > Cancer death rate (per 100,000 population) 81
Ranked 174th. 40% more than Tunisia
58
Ranked 186th.
Media > Radio > List of radio stations <p>Egypt Radio Television Union (ERTU) - state-run, operates national, regional and external services including flagship General Programme Network</p> </p>Nile FM - private, Western pop</p> </p>Nogoum FM - private, Arabic pop</p> <p>Tunisian Radio - state-run</p> </p>Radio Mosaique FM - private</p> </p>Jawhara FM - private</p> <br> <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-14107557">Full Article</a>
Crime > Fear of crime > Feels safe walking alone > During the day 75
Ranked 58th. 10% more than Tunisia
68.33
Ranked 69th.

Economy > Imports per capita $746.51
Ranked 137th.
$2,143.35
Ranked 95th. 3 times more than Egypt

Military > Armed forces personnel 448,000
Ranked 10th. 13 times more than Tunisia
35,000
Ranked 79th.
Education > Literacy > Female 59.4%
Ranked 8th.
65.3%
Ranked 15th. 10% more than Egypt

Labor > Labor force > By occupation > Industry 17%
Ranked 10th.
31.9%
Ranked 5th. 88% more than Egypt

Labor > Labor force, total 27.19 million
Ranked 21st. 7 times more than Tunisia
3.93 million
Ranked 93th.

Crime > Serious assault rate 0.3
Ranked 68th.
154.7
Ranked 8th. 516 times more than Egypt
Health > Infant mortality rate > Total 25.2 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 79th.
25.92 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 77th. 3% more than Egypt

Cost of living > Clothing and shoe prices > Jeans > 1 pair of Levi 501s or equivalent $69.36
Ranked 76th.
$69.40
Ranked 75th. The same as Egypt
People > Age distribution > Elderly dependency ratio 43.18%
Ranked 114th.
56.01%
Ranked 51st. 30% more than Egypt

Geography > Elevation extremes > Highest point Mount Catherine 2,629 m Jebel ech Chambi 1,544 m
Economy > Technology index 3.68
Ranked 64th.
3.87
Ranked 56th. 5% more than Egypt
Agriculture > Agricultural growth per capita 101 Int. $
Ranked 86th.
110 Int. $
Ranked 49th. 9% more than Egypt

Transport > Motor vehicles 30 motor vehicles per 100 p
Ranked 53th.
71 motor vehicles per 100 p
Ranked 11th. 2 times more than Egypt
Military > Military expenditures 2.2% of GDP
Ranked 24th. 47% more than Tunisia
1.5% of GDP
Ranked 34th.
Agriculture > Products cotton, rice, corn, wheat, beans, fruits, vegetables; cattle, water buffalo, sheep, goats olives, olive oil, grain, tomatoes, citrus fruit, sugar beets, dates, almonds; beef, dairy products
Cost of living > Consumer price index > Plus rent 24.43
Ranked 120th.
26.85
Ranked 116th. 10% more than Egypt
Media > Internet > Internet users > Per 100 people 44.07
Ranked 95th. 6% more than Tunisia
41.44
Ranked 100th.

Cost of living > Restaurant prices > McDonalds meal $5.03
Ranked 110th.
$5.04
Ranked 109th. About the same as Egypt
Environment > Pollution perceptions > Water pollution 72.22
Ranked 11th. 19% more than Tunisia
60.94
Ranked 23th.
Economy > Development > Human Development Index 0.662
Ranked 112th.
0.712
Ranked 94th. 8% more than Egypt

Economy > Population below poverty line > Per capita 0.27% per 1 million people
Ranked 26th.
0.738% per 1 million people
Ranked 20th. 3 times more than Egypt

Education > Children out of school, primary, female per 1000 1.33
Ranked 71st. 6 times more than Tunisia
0.219
Ranked 111th.

People > Age distribution > Population aged 0-4 > Percent 5.12%
Ranked 99th. 8% more than Tunisia
4.76%
Ranked 150th.

People > Physicians density 2.83 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 13th. 2 times more than Tunisia
1.22 physicians/1,000 population
Ranked 32nd.

Cost of living > Prices at markets > Chicken breasts > Skinless, boneless $5.56
Ranked 88th. 14% more than Tunisia
$4.89
Ranked 106th.
Agriculture > Arable land > Hectares per 1000 41.8 hectares
Ranked 62nd.
283.54 hectares
Ranked 52nd. 7 times more than Egypt

Military > Military branches Army, Navy, Egyptian Air Force, Egyptian Air Defense Command (Al-Quwwat al-Jawwiya il-Misriya) Tunisian Armed Forces (Forces Armees Tunisiens, FAT): Tunisian Army (includes Tunisian Air Defense Force), Tunisian Navy, Republic of Tunisia Air Force (Al-Quwwat al-Jawwiya al-Jamahiriyah At'Tunisia)
Economy > GDP > Per capita > PPP per thousand people $0.08
Ranked 160th.
$0.90
Ranked 100th. 11 times more than Egypt

Energy > Electricity > Installed generating capacity per thousand people 344.67 kW
Ranked 108th.
346.19 kW
Ranked 107th. About the same as Egypt

People > Age distribution > Population aged 65 or over > Total 34.4 million
Ranked 13th. 10 times more than Tunisia
3.54 million
Ranked 87th.

Economy > Exports > Commodities crude oil and petroleum products, cotton, textiles, metal products, chemicals, processed food clothing, semi-finished goods and textiles, agricultural products, mechanical goods, phosphates and chemicals, hydrocarbons, electrical equipment
Energy > Electricity > Consumption per capita 1,402.41 kWh
Ranked 67th. 23% more than Tunisia
1,142.43 kWh
Ranked 16th.

Energy > Gasoline > Pump price for gasoline > US$ per liter $0.45
Ranked 155th.
$0.93
Ranked 139th. 2 times more than Egypt

Agriculture > Produce > Crop > Production index 105.5%
Ranked 102nd. 4% more than Tunisia
101.7%
Ranked 122nd.

People > Age distribution > Population aged 15-59 > Total 71.26 million
Ranked 17th. 13 times more than Tunisia
5.68 million
Ranked 98th.

Industry > Gross value added by manufacturing 39.36 billion
Ranked 36th. 5 times more than Tunisia
7.22 billion
Ranked 72nd.

Crime > Prisoners > Per capita 0.0
Ranked 156th.
253 per 100,000 people
Ranked 28th.
Crime > Punishment > Crimes possibly attracting life sentence Drug offenses Drug trafficking
Cost of living > Prices at markets > Groceries index 36.83
Ranked 130th.
39.07
Ranked 124th. 6% more than Egypt
Labor > Labor force > By occupation > Agriculture 32%
Ranked 9th. 75% more than Tunisia
18.3%
Ranked 6th.

Religion > Seventh-day Adventist Membership 807
Ranked 153th. 32 times more than Tunisia
25
Ranked 196th.
Economy > Poverty and inequality > Richest quintile to poorest quintile ratio 5.1
Ranked 13th.
7.9
Ranked 4th. 55% more than Egypt
Cost of living > Real estate prices > Rent per month > 1 bedroom apartment > City centre $247.68
Ranked 131st.
$259.29
Ranked 127th. 5% more than Egypt
Cost of living > Prices at markets > Apple > 1kg $1.92
Ranked 100th. 4% more than Tunisia
$1.85
Ranked 102nd.
Energy > Electricity > Production 138.7 billion kWh
Ranked 22nd. 9 times more than Tunisia
15.14 billion kWh
Ranked 56th.

Government > Country name > Conventional long form Arab Republic of Egypt Tunisian Republic
Media > Personal computers per 1000 39.01
Ranked 34th.
56.65
Ranked 28th. 45% more than Egypt

Transport > Highways > Total > Per capita 0.969 km per 1,000 people
Ranked 104th.
1.99 km per 1,000 people
Ranked 54th. 2 times more than Egypt
People > Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Total 12.24 million
Ranked 14th. 8 times more than Tunisia
1.61 million
Ranked 76th.

People > Cities > Urban population 54,378
Ranked 167th.
78,403
Ranked 75th. 44% more than Egypt

Geography > Land use > Arable land 2.87%
Ranked 167th.
17.35%
Ranked 62nd. 6 times more than Egypt

Industry > CO2 emissions from manufacturing industries and construction > Million metric tons 40.33
Ranked 31st. 9 times more than Tunisia
4.74
Ranked 68th.

Religion > Secularism and atheism > Population considering religion unimportant 2%
Ranked 133th.
5%
Ranked 110th. 3 times more than Egypt
Crime > Fear of crime > Worries about being attacked 47.27
Ranked 32nd. 20% more than Tunisia
39.29
Ranked 49th.
Labor > Labor force > By occupation > Services 51%
Ranked 9th. 2% more than Tunisia
49.8%
Ranked 12th.

Culture > World Heritage Sites 6
Ranked 35th.
7
Ranked 28th. 17% more than Egypt
Weather > Precipitation 1.3 billion cubic metres
Ranked 58th.
27.12 billion cubic metres
Ranked 45th. 21 times more than Egypt

Geography > Land boundaries > Border countries Gaza Strip 11 km, Israel 266 km, Libya 1,115 km, Sudan 1,273 km Algeria 965 km, Libya 459 km
Economy > Imports $60.26 billion
Ranked 47th. 3 times more than Tunisia
$23.10 billion
Ranked 71st.

People > Nationality > Adjective Egyptian Tunisian
Agriculture > Produce > Food > Production index 110.9%
Ranked 54th. 9% more than Tunisia
101.6%
Ranked 128th.

Media > Radio broadcast stations AM 42 (plus 15 repeaters), FM 14, shortwave 3 AM 7, FM 38, shortwave 2
Health > Deaths > Percent deaths registered 75-89 25-49
People > Sex ratio > Total population 1.03 male(s)/female
Ranked 29th. 4% more than Tunisia
0.99 male(s)/female
Ranked 90th.

Conflict > Civil war and unrest > Arab Spring death toll 1,700
Ranked 2nd. 5 times more than Tunisia
338
Ranked 3rd.
People > Age distribution > Population aged 5-14 > Percent 10.52%
Ranked 97th. 6% more than Tunisia
9.96%
Ranked 138th.

Environment > Pollution perceptions > Air quality 17.14
Ranked 57th.
32.29
Ranked 44th. 88% more than Egypt
Health > Fertility rate > Total > Births per woman 3.1 births per woman
Ranked 67th. 52% more than Tunisia
2.04 births per woman
Ranked 118th.

Sports > Chess > GrandMasters 1
Ranked 62nd.
2
Ranked 54th. Twice as much as Egypt
Government > Executive branch > Elections presidential election (first round held on 23-24 May 2012; runoff held on 16-17 June 2012 (next election NA) president elected by Constituent Assembly; election last held on 12 December 2011(next to be held in 2013); prime minister appointed by the president
Crime > Software piracy rate 60%
Ranked 55th.
76%
Ranked 33th. 27% more than Egypt
Religion > Christian > Mormon > Congregations 1
Ranked 141st. The same as Tunisia
1
Ranked 133th.
Military > Expenditures > Percent of GDP 3.4%
Ranked 30th. 2 times more than Tunisia
1.4%
Ranked 63th.

Economy > Budget > Expenditures $77.71 billion
Ranked 43th. 6 times more than Tunisia
$13.07 billion
Ranked 80th.

People > Sex ratio > At birth 1.05 male(s)/female
Ranked 80th.
1.07 male(s)/female
Ranked 15th. 2% more than Egypt

Environment > Adjusted net national income > Constant 2000 US$ $90.70 billion
Ranked 24th. 3 times more than Tunisia
$31.02 billion
Ranked 39th.

Health > HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS > Per capita 0.175 per 1,000 people
Ranked 119th. 72% more than Tunisia
0.102 per 1,000 people
Ranked 93th.
Energy > Crude oil > Production 720,000 bbl/day
Ranked 27th. 11 times more than Tunisia
68,310 bbl/day
Ranked 56th.

Economy > GINI index 34.41
Ranked 23th.
39.8
Ranked 18th. 16% more than Egypt

Cost of living > Restaurant prices > Restaurant index 32.93
Ranked 114th. 12% more than Tunisia
29.42
Ranked 125th.
Economy > Reserves of foreign exchange and gold per capita $422.61
Ranked 83th.
$768.11
Ranked 65th. 82% more than Egypt

Economy > Debt > Net foreign assets > Current LCU 132.82 billion
Ranked 84th. 17 times more than Tunisia
7.65 billion
Ranked 119th.

Crime > Perceived problems > Property crimes including vandalism and theft 45.75
Ranked 62nd. 10% more than Tunisia
41.67
Ranked 67th.
Economy > Budget > Revenues > Per capita $436.30 per capita
Ranked 103th.
$929.56 per capita
Ranked 45th. 2 times more than Egypt

Transport > Rail > Railway length 6,700 km
Ranked 27th. 3 times more than Tunisia
2,218 km
Ranked 66th.
Military > Manpower fit for military service > Males age 16-49 None None
Cost of living > Sports > Tennis court hire > 1 hour, weekend $7.03
Ranked 112th. 14% more than Tunisia
$6.14
Ranked 119th.
Industry > Industry, value added > Current US$ $98.71 billion
Ranked 16th. 8 times more than Tunisia
$12.98 billion
Ranked 43th.

Cost of living > Real estate prices > Apartment purchase price per sqm > Outside city centre $408.62
Ranked 129th.
$664.66
Ranked 114th. 63% more than Egypt
Cost of living > Prices at markets > Potatoes > 1kg $0.53
Ranked 134th.
$0.58
Ranked 130th. 9% more than Egypt
People > Age distribution > Population aged 80 or over > Percent 9.06%
Ranked 113th.
13.91%
Ranked 50th. 54% more than Egypt

Education > Child care (preschool) > Duration 2
Ranked 136th.
3
Ranked 26th. 50% more than Egypt

Environment > CO2 Emissions per 1000 1.83
Ranked 89th.
2.05
Ranked 87th. 12% more than Egypt
Media > Fixed line and mobile phone subscribers > Per 1,000 people 324.53 per 1,000 people
Ranked 91st.
691.81 per 1,000 people
Ranked 62nd. 2 times more than Egypt

Energy > Electricity > Consumption by households per capita 472.29 kWh
Ranked 86th. 66% more than Tunisia
285.27 kWh
Ranked 107th.

Government > National symbol(s) golden eagle encircled red star and crescent
Industry > Gross value added by construction per capita 137.84
Ranked 143th.
167.22
Ranked 138th. 21% more than Egypt

Religion > Muslim > Muslim percentage of total population 94.7%
Ranked 26th.
99.8%
Ranked 2nd. 5% more than Egypt
Geography > Irrigated land 35,300 sq km
Ranked 19th. 8 times more than Tunisia
4,450 sq km
Ranked 57th.

Transport > Gross value added by transport, storage and communication 22.03 billion
Ranked 33th. 4 times more than Tunisia
5.66 billion
Ranked 67th.

Labor > GNI > Current US$ $256.35 billion
Ranked 36th. 6 times more than Tunisia
$43.64 billion
Ranked 72nd.

Media > Internet > Users > Per capita 107.3 per 1,000 people
Ranked 102nd.
167.57 per 1,000 people
Ranked 87th. 56% more than Egypt

Education > Secondary education > Teachers > Per capita 6.71 per 1,000 people
Ranked 47th.
6.93 per 1,000 people
Ranked 43th. 3% more than Egypt

Energy > Electricity production from renewable sources > KWh 14.89 billion
Ranked 38th. 91 times more than Tunisia
163 million
Ranked 114th.

Religion > Islam > Percentage Muslim 91%
Ranked 24th.
99%
Ranked 7th. 9% more than Egypt
Health > Births and maternity > Infant mortality rate 17.9
Ranked 91st. 30% more than Tunisia
13.8
Ranked 112th.

Environment > Pollution perceptions > Drinking water pollution 61.81
Ranked 9th. 20% more than Tunisia
51.32
Ranked 19th.
Cost of living > Restaurant prices > 3 course meal for 2 $21.55
Ranked 105th. 14% more than Tunisia
$18.89
Ranked 119th.
Culture > Smoking > Cigarettes per adult per year 1,104
Ranked 42nd.
1,628
Ranked 23th. 47% more than Egypt
Environment > Proportion of land area under protection 11.23%
Ranked 122nd. 2 times more than Tunisia
5.38%
Ranked 162nd.

Media > Telecoms > Telephone lines per 1000 106.01
Ranked 117th. 3% more than Tunisia
102.58
Ranked 119th.

Health > Life expectancy > Women 76 years
Ranked 29th.
77 years
Ranked 22nd. 1% more than Egypt
Geography > Natural hazards periodic droughts; frequent earthquakes; flash floods; landslides; hot, driving windstorm called khamsin occurs in spring; dust storms; sandstorms NA
Economy > Exports > Main exports Petroleum, petroleum products and cotton Agricultural products, textiles, oil
Industry > Manufacturing > Value added > Constant 2000 US$ 20.88 billion constant 2000 US$
Ranked 17th. 5 times more than Tunisia
4.16 billion constant 2000 US$
Ranked 36th.

Government > Flag description three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and black; the national emblem (a gold Eagle of Saladin facing the hoist side with a shield superimposed on its chest above a scroll bearing the name of the country in Arabic) centered in the white band; the band colors derive from the Arab Liberation flag and represent oppression (black), overcome through bloody struggle (red), to be replaced by a bright future (white) red with a white disk in the center bearing a red crescent nearly encircling a red five-pointed star; resembles the Ottoman flag (red banner with white crescent and star) and recalls Tunisia's history as part of the Ottoman Empire; red represents the blood shed by martyrs in the struggle against oppression, white stands for peace; the crescent and star are traditional symbols of Islam
Economy > Budget > Revenues per capita $599.67
Ranked 98th.
$929.56
Ranked 85th. 55% more than Egypt

Geography > Rural population density > Rural population per sq. km of arable land 1,411.56 people/km² of arable lan
Ranked 1st. 11 times more than Tunisia
125.06 people/km² of arable lan
Ranked 140th.

Geography > Maritime claims > Territorial sea 12 nautical mile
Ranked 29th. The same as Tunisia
12 nautical mile
Ranked 12th.

Labor > Expense > Current LCU 400.22 billion
Ranked 46th. 19 times more than Tunisia
21.42 billion
Ranked 83th.

Environment > Pollution perceptions > Clean water 27.78
Ranked 49th.
39.06
Ranked 37th. 41% more than Egypt
Economy > Debt > External $38.69 billion
Ranked 64th. 57% more than Tunisia
$24.60 billion
Ranked 75th.

Cost of living > Real estate prices > Rent per month > 1 bedroom apartment > Outside city centre $128.08
Ranked 134th.
$192.64
Ranked 115th. 50% more than Egypt
Economy > Gross domestic savings > Current US$ per capita 196.3$
Ranked 84th.
592.89$
Ranked 62nd. 3 times more than Egypt

Crime > Perceived problems > Illegal drugs 50
Ranked 37th. 20% more than Tunisia
41.67
Ranked 58th.
Economy > Central bank discount rate 8.68%
Ranked 27th. 51% more than Tunisia
5.75%
Ranked 51st.
Media > Televisions 7.7 million
Ranked 25th. 8 times more than Tunisia
920,000
Ranked 82nd.
Education > Secondary education, pupils 6.85 million
Ranked 14th. 6 times more than Tunisia
1.15 million
Ranked 43th.

Agriculture > Agricultural machinery > Tractors > Per capita 1.26 per 1,000 people
Ranked 93th.
3.57 per 1,000 people
Ranked 60th. 3 times more than Egypt

Media > Telephones > Main lines in use > Per capita 139.78 per 1,000 people
Ranked 71st. 13% more than Tunisia
123.88 per 1,000 people
Ranked 75th.

Education > College and university > Private school share 18.6%
Ranked 62nd. 6 times more than Tunisia
3.37%
Ranked 97th.