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Education Stats: compare key data on Egypt & Tunisia

Definitions

  • Child care (preschool) > Duration: Number of years students study at the pre-primary (preschool) level. It should be noted that not all countries require pre-primary education.
  • Children out of school, primary: Children out of school, primary. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Total is the total number of primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • Children out of school, primary per 1000: Children out of school, primary. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Total is the total number of primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Children out of school, primary, female: Children out of school, primary, female. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Female is the total number of female primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • Children out of school, primary, female per 1000: Children out of school, primary, female. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Female is the total number of female primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • College and university > Gender parity index: Country's gender parity index for college and university enrollment. For countries with a rating of over 1, more females are enrolled while countries with a rating under 1 have more males enrolled.
  • Compulsary education duration: Number of years students are required to be enrolled in school for all levels of education. For instance, compulsary education lasts for 12 years in the United States.
  • Government spending on education > Proportion of GDP: Percentage of public funding for education out of country's total GDP.
  • Literacy > Female: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Literacy > Total population: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Primary education, duration > Years: Primary education, duration (years). Duration of primary is the number of grades (years) in primary education.
  • Primary education, teachers per 1000: Primary education, teachers. Teaching staff in primary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private primary education institutions. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio, primary: Pupil-teacher ratio, primary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Primary is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary: Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Secondary is the number of pupils enrolled in secondary school divided by the number of secondary school teachers.
  • Secondary education, duration > Years: Secondary education, duration (years). Duration of secondary education is the number of grades (years) in secondary education (ISCED 2 & 3).
  • Secondary education > Teachers > Per capita: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Secondary education, pupils: Secondary education, pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • College and university > Private school share: Percentage of post-secondary students who attend a private school, college, or university.
  • School life expectancy > Total: School life expectancy and transition from primary to secondary for school years 1998/99 and 1999/00, published in http://www.uis.unesco.org accessed on Sept. 2002 and Women's Indicators and Statistics Database (Wistat), Version 4, CD-ROM (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.00.XVII.4) based on data provided by UNESCO in 1999.
  • Literacy > Adult literacy: Adult literacy rate (%).
  • Primary education, pupils: Primary education, pupils. Enrolment in primary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in public and private primary education institutions.
  • Primary education, teachers: Primary education, teachers. Teaching staff in primary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private primary education institutions. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Compulsary education starting age: Age at which children must be enrolled in school.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary per million: Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Secondary is the number of pupils enrolled in secondary school divided by the number of secondary school teachers. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Literacy > Definition: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • High school > Upper secondary school duration: Number of years students study at the upper secondary (high school) level.
  • Literacy > Male: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • High school > Private school share: Percentage of secondary students who attend a private school.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio > Primary: Primary school pupil-teacher ratio is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers (regardless of their teaching assignment).
  • Child care (preschool) > Starting age: Average age at which students begin pre-primary (preschool) education.
  • Tertiary > Students studying abroad: Total number of post-secondary students who were studying abroad during given year.
  • Elementary (primary school) > Duration: Number of years students study at the primary level.
  • Children out of school > Primary: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • Secondary education, teachers: Secondary education, teachers. Teaching staff in total secondary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private secondary education institutions (ISCED 2 and 3). Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Secondary education, teachers per 1000: Secondary education, teachers. Teaching staff in total secondary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private secondary education institutions (ISCED 2 and 3). Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Child care (preschool) > Students per teacher: Number of students per teacher for pre-primary (preschool) education.
  • High school > Lower secondary school duration: Number of years students study at the lower secondary (middle school) level.
  • Children out of school, primary, male per 1000: Children out of school, primary, male. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Male is the total number of male primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education, general pupils: Secondary education, general pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. General programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in general programmes at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • High school > Gender parity index: Country's gender parity index for secondary level enrollment. For countries with a rating of over 1, more females are enrolled while countries with a rating under 1 have more males enrolled.
  • Scientific and technical journal articles: Scientific and technical journal articles refer to the number of scientific and engineering articles published in the following fields: physics, biology, chemistry, mathematics, clinical medicine, biomedical research, engineering and technology, and earth and space sciences.
  • Tertiary > Students studying abroad proportion: The number of students from a given country studying abroad in a given year, expressed as a percentage of total tertiary enrollment in that country. Ratios greater than 100 % are possible, because those currently studying abroad do not count towards total enrollment.
  • Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Scouting > Genders admitted: Admits boys/girls.
  • Elementary (primary school) > Starting age: Average age at which students begin primary education.
  • Children out of school, primary, male: Children out of school, primary, male. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Male is the total number of male primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • High school > Students per teacher: Number of students per teacher for all levels of secondary education.
  • Secondary education > General pupils: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training.
  • Secondary school starting age > Years: Secondary school starting age (years). Entrance age of 2A lower secondary is the age at which students would enter lower secondary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade.
  • Primary education > Teachers > Per capita: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Literacy > Female literates > Aged 15-19 per thousand people: Number of females aged 15-19 years, who are literate. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • High school > Population with at least high school education > Women: Population with at least high school education > Women.
  • Schools connected to the Internet: Schools connected to the Internet are the share of primary and secondary schools in the country that have access to the Internet.
  • Primary education, pupils per 1000: Primary education, pupils. Enrolment in primary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in public and private primary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education, pupils per 1000: Secondary education, pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled at public and private secondary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Literacy > Female literates > Aged over 10 per thousand people: Number of females older than 10 years, who are literate. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Tertiary > Students studying abroad per thousand people: Total number of post-secondary students who were studying abroad during given year. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Children out of school > Primary per 1000: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Hours of instruction for pupils aged 11: Intended hours of instruction per year for 11 year olds in public educational institutions. Data for 2000.
  • Primary education > Duration > Years: Primary duration refers to the number of years of full-time equivalent duration in primary education in the school system according to ISCED.
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$ per capita: Services, etc., value added (constant 2000 US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Secondary education, general pupils per 1000: Secondary education, general pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. General programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in general programmes at public and private secondary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Hours of instruction for pupils aged 12: Intended hours of instruction per year for 12 year olds in public educational institutions. Data for 2000.
  • Literacy > Literates > Aged 15-19 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Elementary (primary) school) > Private school share: Percentage of primary students who attend a private school.
  • High school > Lower secondary starting age: Average age at which students begin lower secondary (middle school) education.
  • Primary education > Pupils: Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • Secondary education > Pupils: Secondary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • High school > Population with at least high school education > Men: Gender Inequality Index.
  • Education enrolment by level > Secondary level > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Secondary education, vocational pupils: Secondary education, vocational pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. Technical/vocational programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in technical/vocational programmes at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • Elementary (primary) school > Students per teacher: Number of students per teacher for primary education.
  • Elementary (primary) school > Trained teachers > Both sexes: Percentage of all primary teachers with at least the minimum level of traning required to teach at the primary level.
  • Secondary education > Teachers: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 30-34 per thousand people: Compares countries by number of illiterate individuals, in the age range 30 to 34. The data was gathered by the United Nations Statistics Division, whose self-declared mission is to compile and disseminate global statistical information, develop standards and norms for statistical activities, and support countries’ efforts to strengthen their national statistical systems. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Scientific and technical journal articles per million: Scientific and technical journal articles refer to the number of scientific and engineering articles published in the following fields: physics, biology, chemistry, mathematics, clinical medicine, biomedical research, engineering and technology, and earth and space sciences. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Illiterate population by sex > Aged 15+ per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Progression to secondary school: Progression to secondary school refers to the number of new entrants to the first grade of secondary school in a given year as a percentage of the number of students enrolled in the final grade of primary school in the previous year.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Per capita: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Literacy > Literates > Aged 15-19: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 35-39: Compares countries by number of illiterate individuals, in the age range 35 to 39. The data was gathered by the United Nations Statistics Division, whose self-declared mission is to compile and disseminate global statistical information, develop standards and norms for statistical activities, and support countries’ efforts to strengthen their national statistical systems
  • High school > Upper secondary starting age: Average age at which students begin upper secondary (high school) education.
  • Teaching weeks per year > Primary: Average number of weeks taught per year by primary level teachers. Data for 2000.
  • School life expectancy > Male: School life expectancy and transition from primary to secondary for school years 1998/99 and 1999/00, published in http://www.uis.unesco.org accessed on Sept. 2002 and Women's Indicators and Statistics Database (Wistat), Version 4, CD-ROM (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.00.XVII.4) based on data provided by UNESCO in 1999.
  • Secondary education > General pupils > Per capita: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Education enrolment by level > Primary level > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Education enrolment by level > Primary level per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Elementary (primary school) > Teachers > Proportion of teachers female: Percentage of country's elementary, or primary, teachers that are female.
  • Secondary education > Vocational pupils: Secondary vocational pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in technical and vocational education programs, including teacher training.
  • Primary education > Teachers: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Literacy > Literates > Aged over 10 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Male illiterates > Aged 35-39 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 10-14: Compares countries by number of male illiterates, in the age range 10 to 14. The data was gathered by the United Nations Statistics Division, whose self-declared mission is to compile and disseminate global statistical information, develop standards and norms for statistical activities, and support countries’ efforts to strengthen their national statistical systems
  • Hours of instruction for pupils aged 10: Intended hours of instruction per year for 10 year olds in public educational institutions. Data for 2000.
  • Secondary education > Pupils per 1000: Secondary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Primary education > Teachers per 1000: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Literacy > Men above 14 years: Percent of male population above the age of 14 years that is literate.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Female > Per capita: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$: Services, etc., value added (constant 2000 US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars.
  • Primary school starting age > Years: Primary school starting age (years). Entrance age of primary is the age at which students would enter primary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade.
  • Scouting > Members: Members of boy or girl scout groups which are members of the World Organization of the Scout Movement (WOSM).
  • Secondary education > Teachers per 1000: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Ratio of female to male primary enrollment: Ratio of female to male primary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • Secondary education > General pupils per 1000: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Male: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • Elementary (primary) school > Gender parity index: Country's gender parity index in primary, or elementary, school. For countries with a rating of over 1, more females are enrolled while countries with a rating under 1 have more males enrolled. 
  • Hours of instruction for pupils aged 13: Intended hours of instruction per year for 14 year olds in public educational institutions. Data for 2000.
  • Hours of instruction for pupils aged 9: Intended hours of instruction per year for 9 year olds in public educational institutions. Data for 2000.
  • Education enrolment by level > Secondary level per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Literacy > Male illiterates > Aged 35-39: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 15-19 per thousand people: Compares countries by number of illiterate individuals, in the age range 15 to 19. The data was gathered by the United Nations Statistics Division, whose self-declared mission is to compile and disseminate global statistical information, develop standards and norms for statistical activities, and support countries’ efforts to strengthen their national statistical systems. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 35-39 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Female literates > Aged 15-19: Number of females aged 15-19 years, who are literate.
  • Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 25-29 per thousand people: Compares countries by number of illiterate individuals, in the age range 25 to 29. The data was gathered by the United Nations Statistics Division, whose self-declared mission is to compile and disseminate global statistical information, develop standards and norms for statistical activities, and support countries’ efforts to strengthen their national statistical systems. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 50-54 per thousand people: Compares countries by number of illiterate individuals, in the age range 50 to 54. The data was gathered by the United Nations Statistics Division, whose self-declared mission is to compile and disseminate global statistical information, develop standards and norms for statistical activities, and support countries’ efforts to strengthen their national statistical systems. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 25-29 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Literates > Aged 40-44 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 20-24: Compares countries by number of illiterate individuals, in the age range 20 to 24. The data was gathered by the United Nations Statistics Division, whose self-declared mission is to compile and disseminate global statistical information, develop standards and norms for statistical activities, and support countries’ efforts to strengthen their national statistical systems
  • Scouting > Members per thousand people: Membership (from 2012). Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • School life expectancy > Female: School life expectancy and transition from primary to secondary for school years 1998/99 and 1999/00, published in http://www.uis.unesco.org accessed on Sept. 2002 and Women's Indicators and Statistics Database (Wistat), Version 4, CD-ROM (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.00.XVII.4) based on data provided by UNESCO in 1999.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Male > Per capita: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Proportion of 15 year-olds in secondary education: Percentage share of 15 year-olds enrolled in secondary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Literacy > Women above 14 years: Percent of female population above the age of 14 years that is literate.
  • Gender ratio > Literacy rate of 15-24 year-olds: Literacy gender parity rate of 15-24 year olds in each country. This number is achieved by dividing the total amount of females who are literate by the total amount of males who are literate. Numbers below 1 mean that more males are literate, while numbers over 1 indicate that more females are literate, with the difference in the numbers indicating to what extent this is true. For instance, in Chad (with a parity rate of .42%) a substantial amount of more males are literate than females. These numbers are only for 15-24 year olds.
  • Illiterate population by sex > Aged 15+ > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Illiterate population by sex > Aged 15+ > Women per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Proportion of 20 year olds in tertiary education: Percentage share of 20 year-olds enrolled in tertiary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Secondary education > Pupils > Per capita: Secondary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Primary education > Pupils per 1000: Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment: Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • Intake ratio to last grade of primary > Females: Number of female entrants in the last grade of primary education (regardless of age) expressed as a percentage of the female population at entrance age to the last grade.
  • Proportion of 16 year-olds in secondary education: Percentage share of 16 year-olds enrolled in secondary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Proportion of 19 year olds in tertiary education: Percentage share of 19 year-olds enrolled in tertiary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Literacy > Literates > Aged 50-54 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged over 10 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Literates > Aged 60-64 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Male literates > Aged 35-39 per thousand people: Compares countries by number of male literates, in the age range 35 to 39. The data was gathered by the United Nations Statistics Division, whose self-declared mission is to compile and disseminate global statistical information, develop standards and norms for statistical activities, and support countries’ efforts to strengthen their national statistical systems. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Male literates > Aged 25-29 per thousand people: Compares countries by number of male illiterates, in the age range 25 to 29. The data was gathered by the United Nations Statistics Division, whose self-declared mission is to compile and disseminate global statistical information, develop standards and norms for statistical activities, and support countries’ efforts to strengthen their national statistical systems. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 20-24 per thousand people: Compares countries by number of illiterate individuals, in the age range 20 to 24. The data was gathered by the United Nations Statistics Division, whose self-declared mission is to compile and disseminate global statistical information, develop standards and norms for statistical activities, and support countries’ efforts to strengthen their national statistical systems. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Illiterates > Aged over 10 per thousand people: Compares countries by number of illiterate individuals aged over 10. The data was gathered by the United Nations Statistics Division, whose self-declared mission is to compile and disseminate global statistical information, develop standards and norms for statistical activities, and support countries’ efforts to strengthen their national statistical systems. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Literates > Aged 35-39: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 60-64 per thousand people: Compares countries by number of male illiterates, in the age range 60 to 64. The data was gathered by the United Nations Statistics Division, whose self-declared mission is to compile and disseminate global statistical information, develop standards and norms for statistical activities, and support countries’ efforts to strengthen their national statistical systems. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Female literates > Aged 30-34: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 15-19 per thousand people:

    Number of females aged 15-19 years, who are illiterate.

    . Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy rate > Adult male > % of males ages 15 and above: Adult literacy rate is the percentage of people ages 15 and above who can, with understanding, read and write a short, simple statement on their everyday life.
  • School enrollment > Primary > Female > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music.
  • School enrollment > Primary > Male > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music.
  • Services, etc., value added > % of GDP: Services, etc., value added (% of GDP). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99 and they include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Note: For VAB countries, gross value added at factor cost is used as the denominator.
  • Literacy > Female literates > Aged 35-39: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 35-39: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 25-29: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Literacy > Male illiterates > Aged 50-54: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Literacy > Literates > Aged 30-34: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 55-59: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Literacy > Male illiterates > Aged 20-24: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Literacy > Female literates > Aged 20-24: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Literacy > Literates > Aged 25-29: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 20-24: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 40-44: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Literacy > Male illiterates > Aged 40-44: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Literacy > Female literates > Aged 50-54: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Literacy > Literates > Aged 55-59: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Literacy > Female literates > Aged 45-49: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 60-64: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Literacy > Female literates > Aged over 10: Number of females older than 10 years, who are literate.
  • Primary education, teachers > % female: Primary education, teachers (% female). Percentage female teachers. Primary is the number of female teachers at the primary level expressed as a percentage of the total number of teachers (male and female) at the primary level in a given school year. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Public spending on education, total > % of government expenditure: Public spending on education, total (% of government expenditure). Public expenditure on education as % of total government expenditure is the total public education expenditure (current and capital) expressed as a percentage of total government expenditure for all sectors in a given financial year. Public education expenditure includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration, and subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities).
  • Literacy > Literates > Aged 40-44: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence.
  • Public spending on education, total > % of GDP: Public spending on education, total (% of GDP). Public expenditure on education as % of GDP is the total public expenditure (current and capital) on education expressed as a percentage of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in a given year. Public expenditure on education includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration, and transfers/subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities).
  • Literacy > Female literates > Aged 60-64 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 20-24 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Literates > Aged 25-29 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Literates > Aged 30-34 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Male illiterates > Aged 50-54 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Female literates > Aged 20-24 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 40-44 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 55-59 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Male illiterates > Aged 20-24 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 60-64 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Female literates > Aged 45-49 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Female literates > Aged 55-59 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Literacy > Female literates > Aged 50-54 per thousand people: Population by literacy, age, sex and urban/rural residence. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Labor force with secondary education, female > % of female labor force: Labor force with secondary education, female (% of female labor force). Labor force with secondary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a secondary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Unemployment with primary education, male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment with primary education, male (% of male unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Labor force with tertiary education, male > % of male labor force: Labor force with tertiary education, male (% of male labor force). Labor force with tertiary education is the proportion of labor force that has a tertiary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Unemployment with secondary education, female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment with secondary education, female (% of female unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Unemployment with secondary education, male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment with secondary education, male (% of male unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Unemployment with tertiary education, female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment with tertiary education, female (% of female unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Unemployment with tertiary education, male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment with tertiary education, male (% of male unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Literacy rate > Youth total > % of people ages 15-24: Youth literacy rate is the percentage of people ages 15-24 who can, with understanding, read and write a short, simple statement on their everyday life.
  • Proportion of 18 year olds in secondary education: Percentage share of 18 year-olds enrolled in secondary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Teaching weeks per year > Lower secondary: Average number of weeks taught per year by lower secondary level teachers. Data for 2000.
  • School enrollment > Preprimary > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Preprimary education refers to the initial stage of organized instruction, designed primarily to introduce very young children to a school-type environment.
  • School enrollment > Primary > Female > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music.
  • Ratio of female to male enrollments in tertiary education: Ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment is the percentage of men to women enrolled at tertiary level in public and private schools.
  • Primary education > Teachers > % female: Female teachers as a percentage of total primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Gross intake rate in grade 1 > Male > % of relevant age group: Gross intake rate in grade 1 is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the official primary entrance age.
  • Illiterate population by sex > Aged 15+ > Men > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Secondary education > Pupils > % female: Female pupils as a percentage of total pupils at secondary level includes enrollments in public and private schools.
  • Literacy rate > Adult total > % of people ages 15 and above: Adult literacy rate is the percentage of people ages 15 and above who can, with understanding, read and write a short, simple statement on their everyday life.
  • Proportion of 17 year olds in secondary education: Percentage share of 17 year-olds enrolled in secondary education. Based on net enrolment rates, attained by head count. Data for 2000.
  • Primary completion rate > Total > % of relevant age group: Primary completion rate is the percentage of students completing the last year of primary school. It is calculated by taking the total number of students in the last grade of primary school, minus the number of repeaters in that grade, divided by the total number of children of official graduation age.
  • Government spending on education > % of GDP: Public expenditure on education consists of current and capital public expenditure on education includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • School enrollment > Tertiary > Male > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Tertiary education, whether or not to an advanced research qualification, normally requires, as a minimum condition of admission, the successful completion of education at the secondary level.
  • Persistence to grade 5 > Male > % of cohort: Persistence to grade 5 (percentage of cohort reaching grade 5) is the share of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach grade 5. The estimate is based on the reconstructed cohort method.
  • Literacy > Literacy rate, adult total > % of people ages 15 and above: Literacy rate, adult total (% of people ages 15 and above). Adult (15+) literacy rate (%). Total is the percentage of the population age 15 and above who can, with understanding, read and write a short, simple statement on their everyday life. Generally, u2018literacyu2019 also encompasses u2018numeracyu2019, the ability to make simple arithmetic calculations. This indicator is calculated by dividing the number of literates aged 15 years and over by the corresponding age group population and multiplying the result by 100.
  • Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education > %: Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education (%). Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary and secondary levels in public and private schools.
  • School enrollment, preprimary, female > % gross: School enrollment, preprimary, female (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Pre-primary. Female is the total female enrollment in pre-primary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the total female population of official pre-primary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • School enrollment, preprimary, male > % gross: School enrollment, preprimary, male (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Pre-primary. Male is the total male enrollment in pre-primary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the total male population of official pre-primary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • School enrollment, primary, private > % of total primary: School enrollment, primary, private (% of total primary). Percentage of private enrolment. Primary is the enrolment in private primary schools expressed as a percentage of total enrolment (public and private) in primary schools. 'Private' refers to all educational institutions not operated by a public authority, regardless of whether they receive financial support from public authorities. A high percentage indicates strong involvement of the non-governmental sector (including religious bodies, other organizations, associations, communities, private enterprises or persons) in providing organized educational programmes.
  • Primary education, pupils > % female: Primary education, pupils (% female). Percentage of female students. Primary is the number of female students at the primary level expressed as a percentage of the total number of students (male and female) at the primary level in a given school year.
  • School enrollment, primary, female > % gross: School enrollment, primary, female (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Primary. Female is the total female enrollment in primary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the female population of official primary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • Primary completion rate, total > % of relevant age group: Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group). Primary completion rate. Total is the total number of new entrants in the last grade of primary education, regardless of age, expressed as percentage of the total population of the theoretical entrance age to the last grade of primary. This indicator is also known as "gross intake rate to the last grade of primary." The ratio can exceed 100% due to over-aged and under-aged children who enter primary school late/early and/or repeat grades.
  • Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education, female > % of relevant age group: Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education, female (% of relevant age group). Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the official primary entrance age.
  • Secondary education, general pupils > % female: Secondary education, general pupils (% female). Percentage of female students. Total secondary. General programmes is the number of female students enrolled in general programmes at the secondary education level expressed as a percentage of the total number of students (male and female) enrolled in general programmes at the secondary education level in a given school year.
STAT Egypt Tunisia HISTORY
Child care (preschool) > Duration 2
Ranked 136th.
3
Ranked 26th. 50% more than Egypt

Children out of school, primary 210,911
Ranked 24th. 414 times more than Tunisia
510
Ranked 61st.

Children out of school, primary per 1000 2.66
Ranked 71st. 56 times more than Tunisia
0.0473
Ranked 63th.

Children out of school, primary, female 93,942
Ranked 31st. 42 times more than Tunisia
2,257
Ranked 89th.

Children out of school, primary, female per 1000 1.33
Ranked 71st. 6 times more than Tunisia
0.219
Ranked 111th.

College and university > Gender parity index 0.9
Ranked 64th.
1.52
Ranked 15th. 69% more than Egypt

Compulsary education duration 9
Ranked 86th. The same as Tunisia
9
Ranked 46th.

Government spending on education > Proportion of GDP 3.76%
Ranked 87th.
6.21%
Ranked 26th. 65% more than Egypt

Literacy > Female 59.4%
Ranked 8th.
65.3%
Ranked 15th. 10% more than Egypt

Literacy > Total population 71.4%
Ranked 9th.
74.3%
Ranked 15th. 4% more than Egypt

Primary education, duration > Years 6
Ranked 35th. The same as Tunisia
6
Ranked 27th.

Primary education, teachers per 1000 4.87
Ranked 62nd.
5.66
Ranked 23th. 16% more than Egypt

Pupil-teacher ratio, primary 27.73
Ranked 44th. 62% more than Tunisia
17.15
Ranked 54th.

Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary 12.13
Ranked 72nd.
13.62
Ranked 58th. 12% more than Egypt

Secondary education, duration > Years 6
Ranked 90th.
7
Ranked 20th. 17% more than Egypt

Secondary education > Teachers > Per capita 6.71 per 1,000 people
Ranked 47th.
6.93 per 1,000 people
Ranked 43th. 3% more than Egypt

Secondary education, pupils 6.85 million
Ranked 14th. 6 times more than Tunisia
1.15 million
Ranked 43th.

College and university > Private school share 18.6%
Ranked 62nd. 6 times more than Tunisia
3.37%
Ranked 97th.

Girls to boys ratio > Primary level enrolment 0.94
Ranked 111th.
0.97
Ranked 77th. 3% more than Egypt

School life expectancy > Total 10.3 years
Ranked 72nd.
13.5 years
Ranked 32nd. 31% more than Egypt
Literacy > Adult literacy 72%
Ranked 88th.
77.7%
Ranked 80th. 8% more than Egypt
Primary education, pupils 10.27 million
Ranked 11th. 10 times more than Tunisia
1.05 million
Ranked 38th.

Primary education, teachers 380,111
Ranked 10th. 6 times more than Tunisia
61,031
Ranked 22nd.

Compulsary education starting age 6
Ranked 44th. The same as Tunisia
6
Ranked 17th.

Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary per million 0.158
Ranked 97th.
1.28
Ranked 64th. 8 times more than Egypt

Literacy > Definition age 15 and over can read and write age 15 and over can read and write
High school > Upper secondary school duration 3
Ranked 58th.
4
Ranked 6th. 33% more than Egypt

Literacy > Male 83%
Ranked 7th.
83.4%
Ranked 16th. About the same as Egypt

High school > Private school share 5.49%
Ranked 77th. 15% more than Tunisia
4.77%
Ranked 96th.

Pupil-teacher ratio > Primary 21.86
Ranked 77th. 6% more than Tunisia
20.61
Ranked 82nd.

Child care (preschool) > Starting age 4
Ranked 21st. 33% more than Tunisia
3
Ranked 66th.

Literacy rates > Aged 15-24 84.9%
Ranked 7th.
94.3%
Ranked 24th. 11% more than Egypt

Tertiary > Students studying abroad 14,479.31
Ranked 55th.
19,477.62
Ranked 45th. 35% more than Egypt

Primary completion rate 98
Ranked 35th.
99
Ranked 31st. 1% more than Egypt

Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level 2.15 million
Ranked 15th. 8 times more than Tunisia
263,414
Ranked 53th.

Elementary (primary school) > Duration 6
Ranked 39th. The same as Tunisia
6
Ranked 31st.

Children out of school > Primary 219,515
Ranked 28th. 13 times more than Tunisia
16,875
Ranked 63th.

Secondary education, teachers 549,344
Ranked 10th. 6 times more than Tunisia
84,562
Ranked 30th.

Secondary education, teachers per 1000 7.16
Ranked 42nd.
7.92
Ranked 26th. 11% more than Egypt

Child care (preschool) > Students per teacher 30.35
Ranked 11th. 60% more than Tunisia
18.98
Ranked 47th.

High school > Lower secondary school duration 3
Ranked 87th. The same as Tunisia
3
Ranked 78th.

Children out of school, primary, male per 1000 0.000864
Ranked 104th.
0.00639
Ranked 117th. 7 times more than Egypt

Secondary education, general pupils 5.58 million
Ranked 13th. 6 times more than Tunisia
979,944
Ranked 25th.

Illiteracy rates by sex > Aged 15+ 42.3%
Ranked 24th. 64% more than Tunisia
25.8%
Ranked 42nd.

High school > Gender parity index 0.962
Ranked 106th.
1.03
Ranked 35th. 7% more than Egypt

Scientific and technical journal articles 1,720
Ranked 38th. 4 times more than Tunisia
452
Ranked 51st.

Tertiary > Students studying abroad proportion 0.645%
Ranked 121st.
5.38%
Ranked 56th. 8 times more than Egypt

Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level per 1000 31.53
Ranked 44th. 17% more than Tunisia
26.93
Ranked 58th.

Scouting > Genders admitted both both
Elementary (primary school) > Starting age 6
Ranked 57th. The same as Tunisia
6
Ranked 46th.

Children out of school, primary, male 61
Ranked 103th.
66
Ranked 116th. 8% more than Egypt

High school > Students per teacher 12.13
Ranked 74th.
13.62
Ranked 60th. 12% more than Egypt

Secondary education > General pupils 5.8 million
Ranked 14th. 5 times more than Tunisia
1.12 million
Ranked 45th.

Secondary school starting age > Years 12
Ranked 45th. The same as Tunisia
12
Ranked 39th.

Primary education > Teachers > Per capita 4.99 per 1,000 people
Ranked 68th.
6 per 1,000 people
Ranked 42nd. 20% more than Egypt

Literacy > Female literates > Aged 15-19 per thousand people 7.94
Ranked 7th.
49.22
Ranked 1st. 6 times more than Egypt
Education enrolment by level > Primary level 7.87 million
Ranked 13th. 6 times more than Tunisia
1.28 million
Ranked 67th.

High school > Population with at least high school education > Women 43.4%
Ranked 97th. 45% more than Tunisia
29.9%
Ranked 111th.

Schools connected to the Internet 66%
Ranked 17th. 3 times more than Tunisia
25%
Ranked 28th.
Primary education, pupils per 1000 129.31
Ranked 52nd. 33% more than Tunisia
97.12
Ranked 57th.

Secondary education, pupils per 1000 87.68
Ranked 65th.
107.94
Ranked 21st. 23% more than Egypt

Girls to boys ratio > Tertiary level enrolment 0.55
Ranked 73th.
1.37
Ranked 24th. 2 times more than Egypt

Illiterate population by sex > Aged 15+ 20.16 million
Ranked 7th. 11 times more than Tunisia
1.83 million
Ranked 46th.

Girls to boys ratio > Secondary level enrolment 0.92
Ranked 103th.
1.09
Ranked 20th. 18% more than Egypt

Literacy > Female literates > Aged over 10 per thousand people 143.5
Ranked 5th.
288.05
Ranked 3rd. Twice as much as Egypt
Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level > Per capita 30.81 per 1,000 people
Ranked 47th. 14% more than Tunisia
26.93 per 1,000 people
Ranked 59th.

Tertiary > Students studying abroad per thousand people 0.182
Ranked 179th.
1.82
Ranked 85th. 10 times more than Egypt

Children out of school > Primary per 1000 3.11
Ranked 70th. 83% more than Tunisia
1.7
Ranked 89th.

Illiterate population by sex > Aged 15+ > Women 12.57 million
Ranked 6th. 10 times more than Tunisia
1.26 million
Ranked 44th.

Hours of instruction for pupils aged 11 1,026 hours
Ranked 5th. 7% more than Tunisia
960 hours
Ranked 12th.
Percentage of pupils starting grade 1 reaching grade 5 94.5%
Ranked 36th. 1% more than Tunisia
93.7%
Ranked 39th.

Primary education > Duration > Years 6 years
Ranked 36th. The same as Tunisia
6 years
Ranked 27th.

Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$ per capita $720.67
Ranked 71st.
$2,166.18
Ranked 74th. 3 times more than Egypt

Secondary education, general pupils per 1000 71.5
Ranked 74th.
90.92
Ranked 16th. 27% more than Egypt

Hours of instruction for pupils aged 12 1,026 hours
Ranked 9th. 14% more than Tunisia
900 hours
Ranked 22nd.
Literacy > Literates > Aged 15-19 per thousand people 13.69
Ranked 7th.
101.85
Ranked 1st. 7 times more than Egypt
Elementary (primary) school) > Private school share 7.79%
Ranked 79th. 3 times more than Tunisia
2.77%
Ranked 64th.

High school > Lower secondary starting age 12
Ranked 46th. The same as Tunisia
12
Ranked 39th.

Illiteracy rates by sex > Aged 15+ > Women 53.1%
Ranked 22nd. 49% more than Tunisia
35.6%
Ranked 41st.

Education enrolment ratio > Net > Primary level 97%
Ranked 41st.
98%
Ranked 25th. 1% more than Egypt

Primary education > Pupils 7.93 million
Ranked 11th. 6 times more than Tunisia
1.23 million
Ranked 65th.

Secondary education > Pupils 8.33 million
Ranked 10th. 7 times more than Tunisia
1.21 million
Ranked 43th.

High school > Population with at least high school education > Men 59.3%
Ranked 75th. 34% more than Tunisia
44.4%
Ranked 102nd.

Education enrolment by level > Secondary level > Per capita 119.92 per 1,000 people
Ranked 23th. 2% more than Tunisia
117.41 per 1,000 people
Ranked 25th.

Education enrolment by level > Percentage girls > Tertiary level 41.52%
Ranked 72nd.
54.92%
Ranked 48th. 32% more than Egypt

Secondary education, vocational pupils 1.59 million
Ranked 7th. 10 times more than Tunisia
160,841
Ranked 41st.

Elementary (primary) school > Students per teacher 27.73
Ranked 44th. 62% more than Tunisia
17.15
Ranked 53th.

Elementary (primary) school > Trained teachers > Both sexes 99.88%
Ranked 13th.
100%
Ranked 2nd. About the same as Egypt
Secondary education > Teachers 487,709
Ranked 10th. 7 times more than Tunisia
68,834
Ranked 47th.

Education enrolment by level > Secondary level 8.38 million
Ranked 13th. 7 times more than Tunisia
1.15 million
Ranked 52nd.

Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 30-34 per thousand people 45.46
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than Tunisia
11.94
Ranked 4th.
Scientific and technical journal articles per million 24.77
Ranked 60th.
45.94
Ranked 52nd. 85% more than Egypt

Women to men parity index > As ratio of literacy rates > Aged 15-24 0.88
Ranked 7th.
0.96
Ranked 26th. 9% more than Egypt

Illiterate population by sex > Aged 15+ per 1000 290.42
Ranked 15th. 56% more than Tunisia
185.93
Ranked 35th.

Education enrolment by level > Percentage girls > Primary level 47.61%
Ranked 129th.
47.67%
Ranked 128th. About the same as Egypt

Progression to secondary school 86.08%
Ranked 69th.
87.95%
Ranked 65th. 2% more than Egypt

Literacy rates > Aged 15-24 > Women 79%
Ranked 7th.
92.2%
Ranked 24th. 17% more than Egypt

Children out of school > Primary > Per capita 3.02 per 1,000 people
Ranked 72nd. 78% more than Tunisia
1.7 per 1,000 people
Ranked 89th.

Literacy > Literates > Aged 15-19 999,281
Ranked 3rd.
1.01 million
Ranked 3rd. 1% more than Egypt
Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 35-39 2.92 million
Ranked 1st. 17 times more than Tunisia
168,700
Ranked 4th.
Education enrolment ratio > Net > Primary level > Women 94%
Ranked 64th.
99%
Ranked 12th. 5% more than Egypt

High school > Upper secondary starting age 15
Ranked 73th. The same as Tunisia
15
Ranked 65th.

Teaching weeks per year > Primary 36 weeks per year
Ranked 30th. 9% more than Tunisia
33 weeks per year
Ranked 36th.
School life expectancy > Male 11.2 years
Ranked 59th.
13.5 years
Ranked 31st. 21% more than Egypt
Secondary education > General pupils > Per capita 79.91 per 1,000 people
Ranked 57th.
113.11 per 1,000 people
Ranked 19th. 42% more than Egypt

Education enrolment by level > Primary level > Per capita 0.113 per capita
Ranked 86th.
0.131 per capita
Ranked 61st. 16% more than Egypt

Illiteracy rates by sex > Aged 15+ > Men 31.7%
Ranked 23th. 98% more than Tunisia
16%
Ranked 52nd.

Education enrolment by level > Primary level per 1000 115.29
Ranked 84th.
130.56
Ranked 65th. 13% more than Egypt

Education enrolment ratio > Net > Primary level > Men 100%
Ranked 2nd. 2% more than Tunisia
98%
Ranked 31st.

Literacy rates > Aged 15-24 > Men 90.1%
Ranked 7th.
96.4%
Ranked 19th. 7% more than Egypt

Elementary (primary school) > Teachers > Proportion of teachers female 53%
Ranked 36th.
56%
Ranked 67th. 6% more than Egypt
Secondary education > Vocational pupils 2.53 million
Ranked 2nd. 29 times more than Tunisia
86,597
Ranked 57th.

Primary education > Teachers 362,679
Ranked 11th. 6 times more than Tunisia
59,610
Ranked 52nd.

Education enrolment by level > Percentage girls > Secondary level 47.3%
Ranked 119th.
50.83%
Ranked 36th. 7% more than Egypt

Literacy > Literates > Aged over 10 per thousand people 233.23
Ranked 5th.
641.26
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than Egypt
Literacy > Male illiterates > Aged 35-39 per thousand people 23.45
Ranked 1st. 5 times more than Tunisia
4.35
Ranked 6th.
Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 10-14 7.37 million
Ranked 1st. 329 times more than Tunisia
22,400
Ranked 5th.
Hours of instruction for pupils aged 10 1,053 hours
Ranked 5th. 10% more than Tunisia
960 hours
Ranked 11th.
Secondary education > Pupils per 1000 118
Ranked 20th.
121.82
Ranked 17th. 3% more than Egypt

Primary education > Teachers per 1000 5.14
Ranked 60th.
6
Ranked 42nd. 17% more than Egypt

Literacy > Men above 14 years 83%
Ranked 7th.
83.4%
Ranked 26th. About the same as Egypt
Children out of school > Primary > Female > Per capita 2.22 per 1,000 people
Ranked 63th. 4 times more than Tunisia
0.623 per 1,000 people
Ranked 93th.

Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$ $58.17 billion
Ranked 23th. 3 times more than Tunisia
$22.61 billion
Ranked 56th.

Primary school starting age > Years 6
Ranked 57th. The same as Tunisia
6
Ranked 46th.

Scouting > Members 82,940
Ranked 17th. 4 times more than Tunisia
18,494
Ranked 53th.
Secondary education > Teachers per 1000 6.91
Ranked 44th.
6.93
Ranked 43th. About the same as Egypt

Ratio of female to male primary enrollment 95.73
Ranked 109th.
96.67
Ranked 101st. 1% more than Egypt

Secondary education > General pupils per 1000 82.23
Ranked 50th.
113.11
Ranked 21st. 38% more than Egypt

Children out of school > Primary > Male 58,051
Ranked 31st. 5 times more than Tunisia
10,690
Ranked 56th.

Elementary (primary) school > Gender parity index 0.943
Ranked 87th.
0.964
Ranked 79th. 2% more than Egypt

Hours of instruction for pupils aged 13 0.0
Ranked 37th.
900 hours
Ranked 25th.
Hours of instruction for pupils aged 9 1,026 hours
Ranked 6th. 7% more than Tunisia
960 hours
Ranked 12th.
Education enrolment by level > Secondary level per 1000 122.75
Ranked 19th. 5% more than Tunisia
117.41
Ranked 28th.

Literacy > Male illiterates > Aged 35-39 1.71 million
Ranked 1st. 40 times more than Tunisia
43,200
Ranked 4th.
Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 15-19 per thousand people 103.29
Ranked 1st. 22 times more than Tunisia
4.63
Ranked 4th.
Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 35-39 per thousand people 16.5
Ranked 2nd. 31% more than Tunisia
12.65
Ranked 4th.
Literacy > Female literates > Aged 15-19 579,490
Ranked 3rd. 19% more than Tunisia
488,900
Ranked 3rd.
Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 25-29 per thousand people 65.4
Ranked 1st. 7 times more than Tunisia
9.51
Ranked 4th.
Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 50-54 per thousand people 19.65
Ranked 2nd. 13% more than Tunisia
17.34
Ranked 4th.
Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 25-29 per thousand people 30.43
Ranked 2nd. 4 times more than Tunisia
7.04
Ranked 4th.
Literacy > Literates > Aged 40-44 per thousand people 23.77
Ranked 6th.
49.6
Ranked 4th. 2 times more than Egypt
Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 20-24 6.39 million
Ranked 1st. 90 times more than Tunisia
70,800
Ranked 4th.
Scouting > Members per thousand people 1.03
Ranked 89th.
1.72
Ranked 69th. 67% more than Egypt
Primary completion rate > Women 93
Ranked 56th.
100
Ranked 28th. 8% more than Egypt

School life expectancy > Female 9.3 years
Ranked 70th.
13.5 years
Ranked 35th. 45% more than Egypt
Percentage of pupils starting grade 1 reaching grade 5 > Men 98.3%
Ranked 14th. 6% more than Tunisia
92.8%
Ranked 36th.

Children out of school > Primary > Male > Per capita 0.799 per 1,000 people
Ranked 89th.
1.08 per 1,000 people
Ranked 80th. 35% more than Egypt

Proportion of 15 year-olds in secondary education 66%
Ranked 31st.
72%
Ranked 30th. 9% more than Egypt
Literacy > Women above 14 years 59.4%
Ranked 7th.
65.3%
Ranked 26th. 10% more than Egypt
Gender ratio > Literacy rate of 15-24 year-olds 0.88%
Ranked 7th.
0.96%
Ranked 11th. 9% more than Egypt
Illiterate population by sex > Aged 15+ > Per capita 282.94 per 1,000 people
Ranked 16th. 52% more than Tunisia
185.93 per 1,000 people
Ranked 33th.

Illiterate population by sex > Aged 15+ > Women per 1000 181.06
Ranked 19th. 41% more than Tunisia
128.12
Ranked 33th.

Proportion of 20 year olds in tertiary education 0.0
Ranked 29th.
0.0
Ranked 33th.
Primary completion rate > Men 102
Ranked 20th. 3% more than Tunisia
99
Ranked 31st.

Secondary education > Pupils > Per capita 114.67 per 1,000 people
Ranked 23th.
121.83 per 1,000 people
Ranked 15th. 6% more than Egypt

Primary education > Pupils per 1000 112.31
Ranked 83th.
123.67
Ranked 75th. 10% more than Egypt

Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment 93.77
Ranked 111th.
108.25
Ranked 31st. 15% more than Egypt

Intake ratio to last grade of primary > Females None
None

Proportion of 16 year-olds in secondary education 57%
Ranked 31st.
63%
Ranked 29th. 11% more than Egypt
Proportion of 19 year olds in tertiary education 0.0
Ranked 29th.
0.0
Ranked 33th.
Literacy > Literates > Aged 50-54 per thousand people 22.25
Ranked 4th.
26.27
Ranked 4th. 18% more than Egypt
Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged over 10 per thousand people 241.38
Ranked 2nd. 87% more than Tunisia
129.13
Ranked 4th.
Literacy > Literates > Aged 60-64 per thousand people 14.39
Ranked 3rd. 74% more than Tunisia
8.27
Ranked 4th.
Literacy > Male literates > Aged 35-39 per thousand people 8.17
Ranked 6th.
30.43
Ranked 4th. 4 times more than Egypt
Literacy > Male literates > Aged 25-29 per thousand people 8.21
Ranked 7th.
40.37
Ranked 3rd. 5 times more than Egypt
Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 20-24 per thousand people 87.54
Ranked 1st. 12 times more than Tunisia
7.13
Ranked 4th.
Literacy > Illiterates > Aged over 10 per thousand people 553.02
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than Tunisia
190.36
Ranked 4th.
Literacy > Literates > Aged 35-39 1.73 million
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than Tunisia
547,700
Ranked 3rd.
Literacy > Illiterates > Aged 60-64 per thousand people 8.96
Ranked 4th.
17.17
Ranked 3rd. 92% more than Egypt
Literacy > Female literates > Aged 30-34 881,071
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than Tunisia
293,300
Ranked 3rd.
Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 15-19 per thousand people 49.05
Ranked 1st. 17 times more than Tunisia
2.97
Ranked 4th.
Literacy rate > Adult male > % of males ages 15 and above 83.02%
Ranked 73th.
83.39%
Ranked 72nd. About the same as Egypt

School enrollment > Primary > Female > % net 94.04% net
Ranked 49th.
97.57% net
Ranked 24th. 4% more than Egypt

School enrollment > Primary > Male > % net 96.69% net
Ranked 33th.
97.16% net
Ranked 29th. About the same as Egypt

Services, etc., value added > % of GDP 46.31%
Ranked 81st.
61.42%
Ranked 41st. 33% more than Egypt

Literacy > Female literates > Aged 35-39 1.14 million
Ranked 3rd. 5 times more than Tunisia
245,400
Ranked 3rd.
Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 35-39 1.2 million
Ranked 2nd. 10 times more than Tunisia
125,600
Ranked 4th.
Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 25-29 2.22 million
Ranked 1st. 32 times more than Tunisia
69,900
Ranked 4th.
Literacy > Male illiterates > Aged 50-54 952,893
Ranked 1st. 21 times more than Tunisia
46,000
Ranked 3rd.
Literacy > Literates > Aged 30-34 1.41 million
Ranked 3rd. 2 times more than Tunisia
625,900
Ranked 3rd.
Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 55-59 282,667
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than Tunisia
111,500
Ranked 3rd.
Literacy > Male illiterates > Aged 20-24 3.43 million
Ranked 1st. 162 times more than Tunisia
21,100
Ranked 4th.
Literacy > Female literates > Aged 20-24 878,956
Ranked 3rd. 94% more than Tunisia
453,800
Ranked 3rd.
Literacy > Literates > Aged 25-29 1.61 million
Ranked 3rd. 2 times more than Tunisia
776,100
Ranked 3rd.
Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 20-24 2.96 million
Ranked 1st. 59 times more than Tunisia
49,800
Ranked 4th.
Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 40-44 902,147
Ranked 2nd. 8 times more than Tunisia
115,300
Ranked 3rd.
Literacy > Male illiterates > Aged 40-44 1.45 million
Ranked 1st. 35 times more than Tunisia
41,900
Ranked 4th.
Literacy > Female literates > Aged 50-54 1.04 million
Ranked 1st. 11 times more than Tunisia
90,700
Ranked 4th.
Literacy > Literates > Aged 55-59 1.3 million
Ranked 1st. 9 times more than Tunisia
141,800
Ranked 4th.
Literacy > Female literates > Aged 45-49 1.12 million
Ranked 2nd. 7 times more than Tunisia
152,300
Ranked 3rd.
Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 60-64 185,095
Ranked 3rd. 68% more than Tunisia
110,100
Ranked 3rd.
Literacy > Female literates > Aged over 10 10.47 million
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than Tunisia
2.86 million
Ranked 3rd.
Primary education, teachers > % female 52.88%
Ranked 97th.
57.3%
Ranked 39th. 8% more than Egypt

Public spending on education, total > % of government expenditure 11.93%
Ranked 84th.
21.51%
Ranked 12th. 80% more than Egypt

Literacy > Literates > Aged 40-44 1.73 million
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than Tunisia
492,600
Ranked 3rd.
Public spending on education, total > % of GDP 3.76%
Ranked 88th.
6.21%
Ranked 27th. 65% more than Egypt

Literacy > Female literates > Aged 60-64 per thousand people 8.5
Ranked 2nd. 5 times more than Tunisia
1.88
Ranked 3rd.
Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 20-24 per thousand people 40.57
Ranked 1st. 8 times more than Tunisia
5.01
Ranked 4th.
Literacy > Literates > Aged 25-29 per thousand people 22.07
Ranked 6th.
78.14
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than Egypt
Literacy > Literates > Aged 30-34 per thousand people 19.26
Ranked 6th.
63.02
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than Egypt
Literacy > Male illiterates > Aged 50-54 per thousand people 13.05
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than Tunisia
4.63
Ranked 5th.
Literacy > Female literates > Aged 20-24 per thousand people 12.04
Ranked 6th.
45.69
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than Egypt
Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 40-44 per thousand people 12.36
Ranked 2nd. 6% more than Tunisia
11.61
Ranked 4th.
Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 55-59 per thousand people 3.87
Ranked 5th.
11.23
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than Egypt
Literacy > Male illiterates > Aged 20-24 per thousand people 46.97
Ranked 1st. 22 times more than Tunisia
2.12
Ranked 5th.
Literacy > Female illiterates > Aged 60-64 per thousand people 2.54
Ranked 5th.
11.08
Ranked 2nd. 4 times more than Egypt
Literacy > Female literates > Aged 45-49 per thousand people 15.31
Ranked 3rd.
15.33
Ranked 3rd. About the same as Egypt
Literacy > Female literates > Aged 55-59 per thousand people 10.52
Ranked 2nd. 2 times more than Tunisia
4.56
Ranked 3rd.
Literacy > Female literates > Aged 50-54 per thousand people 14.19
Ranked 2nd. 55% more than Tunisia
9.13
Ranked 3rd.
Labor force with secondary education, female > % of female labor force 35.4%
Ranked 48th. 15% more than Tunisia
30.8%
Ranked 34th.

Unemployment with primary education, male > % of male unemployment 11.1%
Ranked 27th.
46%
Ranked 28th. 4 times more than Egypt

Labor force with tertiary education, male > % of male labor force 16.3%
Ranked 49th. 3 times more than Tunisia
6.5%
Ranked 46th.

Unemployment with secondary education, female > % of female unemployment 53.7%
Ranked 8th. 39% more than Tunisia
38.5%
Ranked 65th.

Unemployment with secondary education, male > % of male unemployment 47.2%
Ranked 17th. 27% more than Tunisia
37.3%
Ranked 56th.

Unemployment with tertiary education, female > % of female unemployment 41.2%
Ranked 6th. 77% more than Tunisia
23.3%
Ranked 24th.

Unemployment with tertiary education, male > % of male unemployment 25.4%
Ranked 5th. 3 times more than Tunisia
9%
Ranked 59th.

Literacy rate > Youth total > % of people ages 15-24 84.93%
Ranked 74th.
94.34%
Ranked 63th. 11% more than Egypt

Proportion of 18 year olds in secondary education 0.0
Ranked 33th.
42%
Ranked 18th.
Teaching weeks per year > Lower secondary 36 weeks per year
Ranked 30th. 13% more than Tunisia
32 weeks per year
Ranked 36th.
School enrollment > Preprimary > % gross 14.37% gross
Ranked 117th.
21.73% gross
Ranked 121st. 51% more than Egypt

School enrollment > Primary > Female > % gross 98.46% gross
Ranked 110th.
107.98% gross
Ranked 46th. 10% more than Egypt

Ratio of female to male enrollments in tertiary education 54.66
Ranked 73th.
136.07
Ranked 35th. 2 times more than Egypt

Primary education > Teachers > % female 55.04% female
Ranked 102nd. 7% more than Tunisia
51.22% female
Ranked 107th.

Gross intake rate in grade 1 > Male > % of relevant age group 99.49%
Ranked 93th. 6% more than Tunisia
93.98%
Ranked 120th.

Illiterate population by sex > Aged 15+ > Men > Per capita 106.72 per 1,000 people
Ranked 17th. 85% more than Tunisia
57.79 per 1,000 people
Ranked 45th.

Secondary education > Pupils > % female 47.39% female
Ranked 99th.
48.09% female
Ranked 87th. 1% more than Egypt

Literacy rate > Adult total > % of people ages 15 and above 71.41%
Ranked 81st.
74.3%
Ranked 76th. 4% more than Egypt

Proportion of 17 year olds in secondary education 30%
Ranked 32nd.
52%
Ranked 28th. 73% more than Egypt
Illiterate population by sex > Aged 15+ > Men 7.61 million
Ranked 7th. 13 times more than Tunisia
568,600
Ranked 47th.

Primary completion rate > Total > % of relevant age group 94.62%
Ranked 65th.
97.12%
Ranked 52nd. 3% more than Egypt

Government spending on education > % of GDP 3.76%
Ranked 87th.
6.21%
Ranked 26th. 65% more than Egypt

School enrollment > Tertiary > Male > % gross 20.34% gross
Ranked 40th.
24.31% gross
Ranked 58th. 20% more than Egypt

Persistence to grade 5 > Male > % of cohort 98.26%
Ranked 15th. 2% more than Tunisia
96.42%
Ranked 19th.

Literacy > Literacy rate, adult total > % of people ages 15 and above 73.87%
Ranked 1st.
79.13%
Ranked 24th. 7% more than Egypt

Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education > % 96.08%
Ranked 109th.
101.19%
Ranked 33th. 5% more than Egypt

School enrollment, preprimary, female > % gross 26.68%
Ranked 99th. 23% more than Tunisia
21.72%
Ranked 102nd.

School enrollment, preprimary, male > % gross 28.02%
Ranked 98th. 26% more than Tunisia
22.24%
Ranked 102nd.

School enrollment, primary, private > % of total primary 7.79%
Ranked 77th. 3 times more than Tunisia
2.77%
Ranked 64th.

Primary education, pupils > % female 47.4%
Ranked 127th.
48.2%
Ranked 50th. 2% more than Egypt

School enrollment, primary, female > % gross 105.33%
Ranked 55th.
108.43%
Ranked 28th. 3% more than Egypt

Primary completion rate, total > % of relevant age group 103.74%
Ranked 17th. 15% more than Tunisia
90.07%
Ranked 88th.

Gross intake ratio in first grade of primary education, female > % of relevant age group 109.89%
Ranked 37th. 3% more than Tunisia
107.09%
Ranked 35th.

Secondary education, general pupils > % female 49.23%
Ranked 102nd.
52.5%
Ranked 8th. 7% more than Egypt

SOURCES: UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. 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Citation

"Education: Egypt and Tunisia compared", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/compare/Egypt/Tunisia/Education