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Transport > Maritime Stats: compare key data on Romania & United States

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Definitions

  • Air transport, passengers carried: Air transport, passengers carried. Air passengers carried include both domestic and international aircraft passengers of air carriers registered in the country.
  • Air transport, passengers carried per 1000: Air transport, passengers carried. Air passengers carried include both domestic and international aircraft passengers of air carriers registered in the country. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Arms exports > Constant 1990 US$: Arms exports (constant 1990 US$). Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services.
  • Computer, communications and other services > % of commercial service imports: Computer, communications and other services (% of commercial service imports). Computer, communications and other services (% of commercial service imports) include such activities as international telecommunications, and postal and courier services; computer data; news-related service transactions between residents and nonresidents; construction services; royalties and license fees; miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services; and personal, cultural, and recreational services.
  • Container port traffic > TEU: 20 foot equivalent units: Container port traffic (TEU: 20 foot equivalent units). Port container traffic measures the flow of containers from land to sea transport modes., and vice versa, in twenty-foot equivalent units (TEUs), a standard-size container. Data refer to coastal shipping as well as international journeys. Transshipment traffic is counted as two lifts at the intermediate port (once to off-load and again as an outbound lift) and includes empty units.
  • Container port traffic > TEU: 20 foot equivalent units per 1000: Container port traffic (TEU: 20 foot equivalent units). Port container traffic measures the flow of containers from land to sea transport modes., and vice versa, in twenty-foot equivalent units (TEUs), a standard-size container. Data refer to coastal shipping as well as international journeys. Transshipment traffic is counted as two lifts at the intermediate port (once to off-load and again as an outbound lift) and includes empty units. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Cost to export > US$ per container: Cost to export (US$ per container). Cost measures the fees levied on a 20-foot container in U.S. dollars. All the fees associated with completing the procedures to export or import the goods are included. These include costs for documents, administrative fees for customs clearance and technical control, customs broker fees, terminal handling charges and inland transport. The cost measure does not include tariffs or trade taxes. Only official costs are recorded. Several assumptions are made for the business surveyed: Has 60 or more employees; Is located in the country's most populous city; Is a private, limited liability company. It does not operate within an export processing zone or an industrial estate with special export or import privileges; Is domestically owned with no foreign ownership; Exports more than 10% of its sales. Assumptions about the traded goods: The traded product travels in a dry-cargo, 20-foot, full container load. The product: Is not hazardous nor does it include military items; Does not require refrigeration or any other special environment; Does not require any special phytosanitary or environmental safety standards other than accepted international standards.
  • Export value index > 2000 = 100 per million: Export value index (2000 = 100). Export values are the current value of exports (f.o.b.) converted to U.S. dollars and expressed as a percentage of the average for the base period (2000). UNCTAD's export value indexes are reported for most economies. For selected economies for which UNCTAD does not publish data, the export value indexes are derived from export volume indexes (line 72) and corresponding unit value indexes of exports (line 74) in the IMF's International Financial Statistics. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Exports of goods and services > BoP, current US$: Exports of goods and services (BoP, current US$). Exports of goods and services comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from residents to nonresidents of general merchandise, net exports of goods under merchanting, nonmonetary gold, and services. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Goods exports > BoP, current US$, % of GDP: Goods exports (BoP, current US$). Goods exports refer to all movable goods (including nonmonetary gold and net exports of goods under merchanting) involved in a change of ownership from residents to nonresidents. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Import value index > 2000 = 100: Import value index (2000 = 100). Import value indexes are the current value of imports (c.i.f.) converted to U.S. dollars and expressed as a percentage of the average for the base period (2000). UNCTAD's import value indexes are reported for most economies. For selected economies for which UNCTAD does not publish data, the import value indexes are derived from import volume indexes (line 73) and corresponding unit value indexes of imports (line 75) in the IMF's International Financial Statistics.
  • Import value index > 2000 = 100 per million: Import value index (2000 = 100). Import value indexes are the current value of imports (c.i.f.) converted to U.S. dollars and expressed as a percentage of the average for the base period (2000). UNCTAD's import value indexes are reported for most economies. For selected economies for which UNCTAD does not publish data, the import value indexes are derived from import volume indexes (line 73) and corresponding unit value indexes of imports (line 75) in the IMF's International Financial Statistics. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Lead time to import, median case > Days per million: Lead time to import, median case (days). Lead time to import is the median time (the value for 50 percent of shipments) from port of discharge to arrival at the consignee. Data are from the Logistics Performance Index survey. Respondents provided separate values for the best case (10 percent of shipments) and the median case (50 percent of shipments). The data are exponentiated averages of the logarithm of single value responses and of midpoint values of range responses for the median case. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Liner shipping connectivity index > Maximum value in 2004 = 100 per million: Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum value in 2004 = 100). The Liner Shipping Connectivity Index captures how well countries are connected to global shipping networks. It is computed by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) based on five components of the maritime transport sector: number of ships, their container-carrying capacity, maximum vessel size, number of services, and number of companies that deploy container ships in a country's ports. For each component a country's value is divided by the maximum value of each component in 2004, the five components are averaged for each country, and the average is divided by the maximum average for 2004 and multiplied by 100. The index generates a value of 100 for the country with the highest average index in 2004. . The underlying data come from Containerisation International Online. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Service exports > BoP, current US$: Service exports (BoP, current US$). Services refer to economic output of intangible commodities that may be produced, transferred, and consumed at the same time. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Imports of goods and services > BoP, current US$ per capita: Imports of goods and services (BoP, current US$). Imports of goods and services comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from nonresidents to residents of general merchandise, nonmonetary gold, and services. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Goods imports > BoP, current US$, % of GDP: Goods imports (BoP, current US$). Goods imports refer to all movable goods (including nonmonetary gold) involved in a change of ownership from nonresidents to residents. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Goods exports > BoP, current US$ per capita: Goods exports (BoP, current US$). Goods exports refer to all movable goods (including nonmonetary gold and net exports of goods under merchanting) involved in a change of ownership from residents to nonresidents. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Service exports > BoP, current US$ per capita: Service exports (BoP, current US$). Services refer to economic output of intangible commodities that may be produced, transferred, and consumed at the same time. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • CO2 emissions from transport > Million metric tons per million: CO2 emissions from transport (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from transport contains emissions from the combustion of fuel for all transport activity, regardless of the sector, except for international marine bunkers and international aviation. This includes domestic aviation, domestic navigation, road, rail and pipeline transport, and corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 3. In addition, the IEA data are not collected in a way that allows the autoproducer consumption to be split by specific end-use and therefore, autoproducers are shown as a separate item (Unallocated Autoproducers). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Imports of goods and services > BoP, current US$: Imports of goods and services (BoP, current US$). Imports of goods and services comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from nonresidents to residents of general merchandise, nonmonetary gold, and services. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Time to import > Days: Time to import (days). Time is recorded in calendar days. The time calculation for a procedure starts from the moment it is initiated and runs until it is completed. If a procedure can be accelerated for an additional cost, the fastest legal procedure is chosen. It is assumed that neither the exporter nor the importer wastes time and that each commits to completing each remaining procedure without delay. Procedures that can be completed in parallel are measured as simultaneous. The waiting time between procedures--for example, during unloading of the cargo--is included in the measure.
  • Liner shipping connectivity index > Maximum value in 2004 = 100: Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum value in 2004 = 100). The Liner Shipping Connectivity Index captures how well countries are connected to global shipping networks. It is computed by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) based on five components of the maritime transport sector: number of ships, their container-carrying capacity, maximum vessel size, number of services, and number of companies that deploy container ships in a country's ports. For each component a country's value is divided by the maximum value of each component in 2004, the five components are averaged for each country, and the average is divided by the maximum average for 2004 and multiplied by 100. The index generates a value of 100 for the country with the highest average index in 2004. . The underlying data come from Containerisation International Online.
  • Logistics performance index: Efficiency of customs clearance process > 1=low to 5=high: Logistics performance index: Efficiency of customs clearance process (1=low to 5=high). Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Details of the survey methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Respondents evaluated efficiency of customs clearance processes (i.e. speed, simplicity and predictability of formalities), on a rating ranging from 1 (very low) to 5 (very high). Scores are averaged across all respondents.
  • Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$ per capita: Arms imports (constant 1990 US$). Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Imports of goods and services > Current LCU: Imports of goods and services (current LCU). Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in current local currency.
  • Tuberculosis treatment success rate > % of registered cases: Tuberculosis treatment success rate (% of registered cases). Tuberculosis treatment success rate is the percentage of new, registered smear-positive (infectious) cases that were cured or in which a full course of treatment was completed.
  • Insurance and financial services > % of service exports, BoP: Insurance and financial services (% of service exports, BoP). Insurance and financial services cover various types of insurance provided to nonresidents by resident insurance enterprises and vice versa, and financial intermediary and auxiliary services (except those of insurance enterprises and pension funds) exchanged between residents and nonresidents.
  • Goods exports > BoP, current US$: Goods exports (BoP, current US$). Goods exports refer to all movable goods (including nonmonetary gold and net exports of goods under merchanting) involved in a change of ownership from residents to nonresidents. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Net barter terms of trade index > 2000 = 100: Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100). Net barter terms of trade index is calculated as the percentage ratio of the export unit value indexes to the import unit value indexes, measured relative to the base year 2000. Unit value indexes are based on data reported by countries that demonstrate consistency under UNCTAD quality controls, supplemented by UNCTADu2019s estimates using the previous yearu2019s trade values at the Standard International Trade Classification three-digit level as weights. To improve data coverage, especially for the latest periods, UNCTAD constructs a set of average prices indexes at the three-digit product classification of the Standard International Trade Classification revision 3 using UNCTADu2019s Commodity Price Statistics, internaxadtional and national sources, and UNCTAD secretariat estimates and calculates unit value indexes at the country level using the current yearu2019s trade values as weights.
  • Export volume index > 2000 = 100: Export volume index (2000 = 100). Export volume indexes are derived from UNCTAD's volume index series and are the ratio of the export value indexes to the corresponding unit value indexes. Unit value indexes are based on data reported by countries that demonstrate consistency under UNCTAD quality controls, supplemented by UNCTADu2019s estimates using the previous yearu2019s trade values at the Standard International Trade Classification three-digit level as weights. To improve data coverage, especially for the latest periods, UNCTAD constructs a set of average prices indexes at the three-digit product classification of the Standard International Trade Classification revision 3 using UNCTADu2019s Commodity Price Statistics, internaxadtional and national sources, and UNCTAD secretariat estimates and calculates unit value indexes at the country level using the current yearu2019s trade values as weights. For economies for which UNCTAD does not publish data, the export volume indexes (lines 72) in the IMF's International Financial Statistics are used.
  • Merchandise exports to developing economies in East Asia & Pacific > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports to developing economies in East Asia & Pacific (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports to developing economies in East Asia and Pacific are the sum of merchandise exports from the reporting economy to developing economies in the East Asia and Pacific region according to World Bank classification of economies. Data are as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy. Data are computed only if at least half of the economies in the partner country group had non-missing data.
  • Merchandise exports to developing economies in Middle East & North Africa > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports to developing economies in Middle East & North Africa (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports to developing economies in Middle East and North Africa are the sum of merchandise exports from the reporting economy to developing economies in the Middle East and North Africa region according to World Bank classification of economies. Data are as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy. Data are computed only if at least half of the economies in the partner country group had non-missing data.
  • Transport services > % of commercial service exports: Transport services (% of commercial service exports). Transport services (% of commercial service exports) covers all transport services (sea, air, land, internal waterway, space, and pipeline) performed by residents of one economy for those of another and involving the carriage of passengers, movement of goods (freight), rental of carriers with crew, and related support and auxiliary services. Excluded are freight insurance, which is included in insurance services; goods procured in ports by nonresident carriers and repairs of transport equipment, which are included in goods; repairs of railway facilities, harbors, and airfield facilities, which are included in construction services; and rental of carriers without crew, which is included in other services.
  • Energy imports, net > % of energy use: Energy imports, net (% of energy use). Net energy imports are estimated as energy use less production, both measured in oil equivalents. A negative value indicates that the country is a net exporter. Energy use refers to use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport.
  • Exports of goods and services > Annual % growth: Exports of goods and services (annual % growth). Annual growth rate of exports of goods and services based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments.
  • Imports of goods and services > Current US$: Imports of goods and services (current US$). Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Goods imports > BoP, current US$ per capita: Goods imports (BoP, current US$). Goods imports refer to all movable goods (including nonmonetary gold) involved in a change of ownership from nonresidents to residents. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Armed forces personnel, total: Armed forces personnel, total. Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organization, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces.
  • External balance on goods and services > Current LCU: External balance on goods and services (current LCU). External balance on goods and services (formerly resource balance) equals exports of goods and services minus imports of goods and services (previously nonfactor services). Data are in current local currency.
  • Exports of goods and services > Constant LCU: Exports of goods and services (constant LCU). Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in constant local currency.
  • Imports of goods and services > Constant 2000 US$: Imports of goods and services (constant 2000 US$). Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars.
  • Travel services > % of commercial service imports: Travel services (% of commercial service imports). Travel services (% of commercial service imports) covers goods and services acquired from an economy by travelers in that economy for their own use during visits of less than one year for business or personal purposes. Travel services include the goods and services consumed by travelers, such as lodging, meals, and transport (within the economy visited).
  • Insurance and financial services > % of commercial service exports: Insurance and financial services (% of commercial service exports). Insurance and financial services cover freight insurance on goods exported and other direct insurance such as life insurance; financial intermediation services such as commissions, foreign exchange transactions, and brokerage services; and auxiliary services such as financial market operational and regulatory services.
  • Lead time to export, median case > Days per million: Lead time to export, median case (days). Lead time to export is the median time (the value for 50 percent of shipments) from shipment point to port of loading. Data are from the Logistics Performance Index survey. Respondents provided separate values for the best case (10 percent of shipments) and the median case (50 percent of shipments). The data are exponentiated averages of the logarithm of single value responses and of midpoint values of range responses for the median case. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Logistics performance index: Ease of arranging competitively priced shipments > 1=low to 5=high per million: Logistics performance index: Ease of arranging competitively priced shipments (1=low to 5=high). Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Details of the survey methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Respondents assessed the ease of arranging competitively priced shipments to markets, on a rating ranging from 1 (very difficult) to 5 (very easy). Scores are averaged across all respondents. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • External balance on goods and services > Constant LCU per million: External balance on goods and services (constant LCU). External balance on goods and services (formerly resource balance) equals exports of goods and services minus imports of goods and services (previously nonfactor services). Data are in constant local currency. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Merchandise exports by the reporting economy, residual > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports by the reporting economy, residual (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports by the reporting economy residuals are the total merchandise exports by the reporting economy to the rest of the world as reported in the IMF's Direction of trade database, less the sum of exports by the reporting economy to high-, low-, and middle-income economies according to the World Bank classification of economies. Includes trade with unspecified partners or with economies not covered by World Bank classification. Data are as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy.
  • Travel services > % of service exports, BoP: Travel services (% of service exports, BoP). Travel covers goods and services acquired from an economy by travelers for their own use during visits of less than one year in that economy for either business or personal purposes. Travel includes local transport (i.e., transport within the economy being visited and provided by a resident of that economy), but excludes international transport (which is included in passenger transport. Travel also excludes goods for resale, which are included in general merchandise.
  • Air transport, freight > Million ton-km: Air transport, freight (million ton-km). Air freight is the volume of freight, express, and diplomatic bags carried on each flight stage (operation of an aircraft from takeoff to its next landing), measured in metric tons times kilometers traveled.
  • Lead time to export, median case > Days: Lead time to export, median case (days). Lead time to export is the median time (the value for 50 percent of shipments) from shipment point to port of loading. Data are from the Logistics Performance Index survey. Respondents provided separate values for the best case (10 percent of shipments) and the median case (50 percent of shipments). The data are exponentiated averages of the logarithm of single value responses and of midpoint values of range responses for the median case.
  • Logistics performance index: Quality of trade and transport-related infrastructure > 1=low to 5=high: Logistics performance index: Quality of trade and transport-related infrastructure (1=low to 5=high). Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Details of the survey methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Respondents evaluated the quality of trade and transport related infrastructure (e.g. ports, railroads, roads, information technology), on a rating ranging from 1 (very low) to 5 (very high). Scores are averaged across all respondents.
  • Ores and metals exports > % of merchandise exports: Ores and metals exports (% of merchandise exports). Ores and metals comprise the commodities in SITC sections 27 (crude fertilizer, minerals nes); 28 (metalliferous ores, scrap); and 68 (non-ferrous metals).
  • Total reserves in months of imports per million: Total reserves in months of imports. Total reserves comprise holdings of monetary gold, special drawing rights, reserves of IMF members held by the IMF, and holdings of foreign exchange under the control of monetary authorities. The gold component of these reserves is valued at year-end (December 31) London prices. This item shows reserves expressed in terms of the number of months of imports of goods and services they could pay for [Reserves/(Imports/12)]. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Arms exports > Constant 1990 US$ per capita: Arms exports (constant 1990 US$). Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Arms exports > Constant 1990 US$, % of GDP: Arms exports (constant 1990 US$). Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Export volume index > 2000 = 100 per million: Export volume index (2000 = 100). Export volume indexes are derived from UNCTAD's volume index series and are the ratio of the export value indexes to the corresponding unit value indexes. Unit value indexes are based on data reported by countries that demonstrate consistency under UNCTAD quality controls, supplemented by UNCTADu2019s estimates using the previous yearu2019s trade values at the Standard International Trade Classification three-digit level as weights. To improve data coverage, especially for the latest periods, UNCTAD constructs a set of average prices indexes at the three-digit product classification of the Standard International Trade Classification revision 3 using UNCTADu2019s Commodity Price Statistics, internaxadtional and national sources, and UNCTAD secretariat estimates and calculates unit value indexes at the country level using the current yearu2019s trade values as weights. For economies for which UNCTAD does not publish data, the export volume indexes (lines 72) in the IMF's International Financial Statistics are used. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Merchandise exports to developing economies in Europe & Central Asia > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports to developing economies in Europe & Central Asia (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports to developing economies in Europe and Central Asia are the sum of merchandise exports from the reporting economy to developing economies in the Europe and Central Asia region according to World Bank classification of economies. Data are as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy. Data are computed only if at least half of the economies in the partner country group had non-missing data.
  • CO2 emissions from transport > % of total fuel combustion: CO2 emissions from transport (% of total fuel combustion). CO2 emissions from transport contains emissions from the combustion of fuel for all transport activity, regardless of the sector, except for international marine bunkers and international aviation. This includes domestic aviation, domestic navigation, road, rail and pipeline transport, and corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 3. In addition, the IEA data are not collected in a way that allows the autoproducer consumption to be split by specific end-use and therefore, autoproducers are shown as a separate item (Unallocated Autoproducers).
  • Merchandise exports to developing economies in Latin America & the Caribbean > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports to developing economies in Latin America & the Caribbean (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports to developing economies in Latin America and the Caribbean are the sum of merchandise exports from the reporting economy to developing economies in the Latin America and the Caribbean region according to World Bank classification of economies. Data are as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy. Data are computed only if at least half of the economies in the partner country group had non-missing data.
  • Total reserves in months of imports: Total reserves in months of imports. Total reserves comprise holdings of monetary gold, special drawing rights, reserves of IMF members held by the IMF, and holdings of foreign exchange under the control of monetary authorities. The gold component of these reserves is valued at year-end (December 31) London prices. This item shows reserves expressed in terms of the number of months of imports of goods and services they could pay for [Reserves/(Imports/12)].
  • Food exports > % of merchandise exports: Food exports (% of merchandise exports). Food comprises the commodities in SITC sections 0 (food and live animals), 1 (beverages and tobacco), and 4 (animal and vegetable oils and fats) and SITC division 22 (oil seeds, oil nuts, and oil kernels).
  • Documents to export > Number per million: Documents to export (number). All documents required per shipment to export goods are recorded. It is assumed that the contract has already been agreed upon and signed by both parties. Documents required for clearance by government ministries, customs authorities, port and container terminal authorities, health and technical control agencies and banks are taken into account. Since payment is by letter of credit, all documents required by banks for the issuance or securing of a letter of credit are also taken into account. Documents that are renewed annually and that do not require renewal per shipment (for example, an annual tax clearance certificate) are not included. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Cost to import > US$ per container: Cost to import (US$ per container). Cost measures the fees levied on a 20-foot container in U.S. dollars. All the fees associated with completing the procedures to export or import the goods are included. These include costs for documents, administrative fees for customs clearance and technical control, customs broker fees, terminal handling charges and inland transport. The cost measure does not include tariffs or trade taxes. Only official costs are recorded.
  • Air transport, registered carrier departures worldwide: Air transport, registered carrier departures worldwide. Registered carrier departures worldwide are domestic takeoffs and takeoffs abroad of air carriers registered in the country.
  • Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$, % of GDP: Arms imports (constant 1990 US$). Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Imports of goods and services > Current US$, % of GDP: Imports of goods and services (current US$). Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Imports of goods and services > Constant 2000 US$, % of GDP: Imports of goods and services (constant 2000 US$). Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • External balance on goods and services > Current LCU per million: External balance on goods and services (current LCU). External balance on goods and services (formerly resource balance) equals exports of goods and services minus imports of goods and services (previously nonfactor services). Data are in current local currency. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Terms of trade adjustment > Constant LCU: Terms of trade adjustment (constant LCU). The terms of trade effect equals capacity to import less exports of goods and services in constant prices. Data are in constant local currency.
  • Imports of goods and services > BoP, current US$, % of GDP: Imports of goods and services (BoP, current US$). Imports of goods and services comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from nonresidents to residents of general merchandise, nonmonetary gold, and services. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Exports of goods and services > BoP, current US$, % of GDP: Exports of goods and services (BoP, current US$). Exports of goods and services comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from residents to nonresidents of general merchandise, net exports of goods under merchanting, nonmonetary gold, and services. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Service exports > BoP, current US$, % of GDP: Service exports (BoP, current US$). Services refer to economic output of intangible commodities that may be produced, transferred, and consumed at the same time. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Current account balance > % of GDP: Current account balance (% of GDP). Current account balance is the sum of net exports of goods and services, net primary income, and net secondary income.
  • Air transport, freight > Million ton-km per million: Air transport, freight (million ton-km). Air freight is the volume of freight, express, and diplomatic bags carried on each flight stage (operation of an aircraft from takeoff to its next landing), measured in metric tons times kilometers traveled. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Smoking prevalence, females > % of adults: Smoking prevalence, females (% of adults). Prevalence of smoking, female is the percentage of women ages 15 and over who smoke any form of tobacco, including cigarettes, cigars, and pipes, and excluding smokeless tobacco. Data include daily and non-daily smoking.
  • Lead time to import, median case > Days: Lead time to import, median case (days). Lead time to import is the median time (the value for 50 percent of shipments) from port of discharge to arrival at the consignee. Data are from the Logistics Performance Index survey. Respondents provided separate values for the best case (10 percent of shipments) and the median case (50 percent of shipments). The data are exponentiated averages of the logarithm of single value responses and of midpoint values of range responses for the median case.
  • Merchandise exports to economies in the Arab World > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports to economies in the Arab World (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports to economies in the Arab World are the sum of merchandise exports by the reporting economy to economies in the Arab World. Data are expressed as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy. Data are computed only if at least half of the economies in the partner country group had non-missing data.
  • Export value index > 2000 = 100: Export value index (2000 = 100). Export values are the current value of exports (f.o.b.) converted to U.S. dollars and expressed as a percentage of the average for the base period (2000). UNCTAD's export value indexes are reported for most economies. For selected economies for which UNCTAD does not publish data, the export value indexes are derived from export volume indexes (line 72) and corresponding unit value indexes of exports (line 74) in the IMF's International Financial Statistics.
  • Travel services > % of commercial service exports: Travel services (% of commercial service exports). Travel services (% of commercial service exports) covers goods and services acquired from an economy by travelers in that economy for their own use during visits of less than one year for business or personal purposes. Travel services include the goods and services consumed by travelers, such as lodging and meals and transport (within the economy visited).
  • Exports of goods and services > Current LCU per capita: Exports of goods and services (current LCU). Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in current local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Exports of goods and services > Current LCU: Exports of goods and services (current LCU). Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in current local currency.
  • Exports of goods and services > % of GDP: Exports of goods and services (% of GDP). Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments.
  • Terms of trade adjustment > Constant LCU per capita: Terms of trade adjustment (constant LCU). The terms of trade effect equals capacity to import less exports of goods and services in constant prices. Data are in constant local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • ICT goods imports > % total goods imports: ICT goods imports (% total goods imports). Information and communication technology goods imports include telecommunications, audio and video, computer and related equipment; electronic components; and other information and communication technology goods. Software is excluded.
  • Ores and metals imports > % of merchandise imports: Ores and metals imports (% of merchandise imports). Ores and metals comprise commodities in SITC sections 27 (crude fertilizer, minerals nes); 28 (metalliferous ores, scrap); and 68 (non-ferrous metals).
  • Exports of goods and services > BoP, current US$ per capita: Exports of goods and services (BoP, current US$). Exports of goods and services comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from residents to nonresidents of general merchandise, net exports of goods under merchanting, nonmonetary gold, and services. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Logistics performance index: Ability to track and trace consignments > 1=low to 5=high: Logistics performance index: Ability to track and trace consignments (1=low to 5=high). Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Details of the survey methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Respondents evaluated the ability to track and trace consignments when shipping to the market, on a rating ranging from 1 (very low) to 5 (very high). Scores are averaged across all respondents.
  • Logistics performance index: Efficiency of customs clearance process > 1=low to 5=high per million: Logistics performance index: Efficiency of customs clearance process (1=low to 5=high). Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Details of the survey methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Respondents evaluated efficiency of customs clearance processes (i.e. speed, simplicity and predictability of formalities), on a rating ranging from 1 (very low) to 5 (very high). Scores are averaged across all respondents. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Smoking prevalence, males > % of adults: Smoking prevalence, males (% of adults). Prevalence of smoking, male is the percentage of men ages 15 and over who smoke any form of tobacco, including cigarettes, cigars, and pipes, and excluding smokeless tobacco. Data include daily and non-daily smoking.
  • Imports of goods and services > Current LCU per capita: Imports of goods and services (current LCU). Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in current local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Transport services > % of commercial service imports: Transport services (% of commercial service imports). Transport services (% of commercial service imports) covers all transport services (sea, air, land, internal waterway, space, and pipeline) performed by residents of one economy for those of another and involving the carriage of passengers, movement of goods (freight), rental of carriers with crew, and related support and auxiliary services. Excluded are freight insurance, which is included in insurance services; goods procured in ports by nonresident carriers and repairs of transport equipment, which are included in goods; repairs of railway facilities, harbors, and airfield facilities, which are included in construction services; and rental of carriers without crew, which is included in other services.
  • Agricultural raw materials exports > % of merchandise exports: Agricultural raw materials exports (% of merchandise exports). Agricultural raw materials comprise SITC section 2 (crude materials except fuels) excluding divisions 22, 27 (crude fertilizers and minerals excluding coal, petroleum, and precious stones), and 28 (metalliferous ores and scrap).
  • ICT goods exports > % of total goods exports: ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports). Information and communication technology goods exports include telecommunications, audio and video, computer and related equipment; electronic components; and other information and communication technology goods. Software is excluded.
  • Merchandise exports to high-income economies > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports to high-income economies (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports to high-income economies are the sum of merchandise exports from the reporting economy to high-income economies according to the World Bank classification of economies. Data are expressed as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy. Data are computed only if at least half of the economies in the partner country group had non-missing data.
  • Net barter terms of trade index > 2000 = 100 per million: Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100). Net barter terms of trade index is calculated as the percentage ratio of the export unit value indexes to the import unit value indexes, measured relative to the base year 2000. Unit value indexes are based on data reported by countries that demonstrate consistency under UNCTAD quality controls, supplemented by UNCTADu2019s estimates using the previous yearu2019s trade values at the Standard International Trade Classification three-digit level as weights. To improve data coverage, especially for the latest periods, UNCTAD constructs a set of average prices indexes at the three-digit product classification of the Standard International Trade Classification revision 3 using UNCTADu2019s Commodity Price Statistics, internaxadtional and national sources, and UNCTAD secretariat estimates and calculates unit value indexes at the country level using the current yearu2019s trade values as weights. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Merchandise exports to developing economies outside region > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports to developing economies outside region (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports to developing economies outside region are the sum of merchandise exports from the reporting economy to other developing economies in other World Bank regions according to the World Bank classification of economies. Data are expressed as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy. Data are computed only if at least half of the economies in the partner country group had non-missing data.
  • Merchandise exports to developing economies in Sub-Saharan Africa > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports to developing economies in Sub-Saharan Africa (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports to developing economies in Sub-Saharan Africa are the sum of merchandise exports from the reporting economy to developing economies in the Sub-Saharan Africa region according to World Bank classification of economies. Data are as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy. Data are computed only if at least half of the economies in the partner country group had non-missing data.
  • Goods imports > BoP, current US$: Goods imports (BoP, current US$). Goods imports refer to all movable goods (including nonmonetary gold) involved in a change of ownership from nonresidents to residents. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Communications, computer, etc. > % of service exports, BoP: Communications, computer, etc. (% of service exports, BoP). Communications, computer, information, and other services cover international telecommunications; computer data; news-related service transactions between residents and nonresidents; construction services; royalties and license fees; miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services; personal, cultural, and recreational services; manufacturing services on physical inputs owned by others; and maintenance and repair services and government services not included elsewhere.
  • Services, etc., value added > Annual % growth: Services, etc., value added (annual % growth). Annual growth rate for value added in services based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3.
  • Insurance and financial services > % of commercial service imports: Insurance and financial services (% of commercial service imports). Insurance and financial services cover freight insurance on goods imported and other direct insurance such as life insurance; financial intermediation services such as commissions, foreign exchange transactions, and brokerage services; and auxiliary services such as financial market operational and regulatory services.
  • Documents to export > Number: Documents to export (number). All documents required per shipment to export goods are recorded. It is assumed that the contract has already been agreed upon and signed by both parties. Documents required for clearance by government ministries, customs authorities, port and container terminal authorities, health and technical control agencies and banks are taken into account. Since payment is by letter of credit, all documents required by banks for the issuance or securing of a letter of credit are also taken into account. Documents that are renewed annually and that do not require renewal per shipment (for example, an annual tax clearance certificate) are not included.
  • Armed forces personnel > % of total labor force: Armed forces personnel (% of total labor force). Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organization, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces. Labor force comprises all people who meet the International Labour Organization's definition of the economically active population.
  • Imports of goods and services > Annual % growth: Imports of goods and services (annual % growth). Annual growth rate of imports of goods and services based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments.
  • External balance on goods and services > Constant LCU: External balance on goods and services (constant LCU). External balance on goods and services (formerly resource balance) equals exports of goods and services minus imports of goods and services (previously nonfactor services). Data are in constant local currency.
  • Wholesale price index > 2005 = 100 per million: Wholesale price index (2005 = 100). Wholesale price index refers to a mix of agricultural and industrial goods at various stages of production and distribution, including import duties. The Laspeyres formula is generally used. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Time to import > Days per million: Time to import (days). Time is recorded in calendar days. The time calculation for a procedure starts from the moment it is initiated and runs until it is completed. If a procedure can be accelerated for an additional cost, the fastest legal procedure is chosen. It is assumed that neither the exporter nor the importer wastes time and that each commits to completing each remaining procedure without delay. Procedures that can be completed in parallel are measured as simultaneous. The waiting time between procedures--for example, during unloading of the cargo--is included in the measure. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Logistics performance index: Ability to track and trace consignments > 1=low to 5=high per million: Logistics performance index: Ability to track and trace consignments (1=low to 5=high). Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Details of the survey methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Respondents evaluated the ability to track and trace consignments when shipping to the market, on a rating ranging from 1 (very low) to 5 (very high). Scores are averaged across all respondents. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Armed forces personnel, total per 1000: Armed forces personnel, total. Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organization, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Exports of goods and services > Constant LCU per capita: Exports of goods and services (constant LCU). Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in constant local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Imports of goods and services > Current US$ per capita: Imports of goods and services (current US$). Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Imports of goods and services > Constant 2000 US$ per capita: Imports of goods and services (constant 2000 US$). Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Imports of goods and services > % of GDP: Imports of goods and services (% of GDP). Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments.
  • Fuel imports > % of merchandise imports: Fuel imports (% of merchandise imports). Fuels comprise the commodities in SITC section 3 (mineral fuels).
  • Air transport, registered carrier departures worldwide per 1000: Air transport, registered carrier departures worldwide. Registered carrier departures worldwide are domestic takeoffs and takeoffs abroad of air carriers registered in the country. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Logistics performance index: Ease of arranging competitively priced shipments > 1=low to 5=high: Logistics performance index: Ease of arranging competitively priced shipments (1=low to 5=high). Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Details of the survey methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Respondents assessed the ease of arranging competitively priced shipments to markets, on a rating ranging from 1 (very difficult) to 5 (very easy). Scores are averaged across all respondents.
  • CO2 emissions from transport > Million metric tons: CO2 emissions from transport (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from transport contains emissions from the combustion of fuel for all transport activity, regardless of the sector, except for international marine bunkers and international aviation. This includes domestic aviation, domestic navigation, road, rail and pipeline transport, and corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 3. In addition, the IEA data are not collected in a way that allows the autoproducer consumption to be split by specific end-use and therefore, autoproducers are shown as a separate item (Unallocated Autoproducers).
  • Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$: Arms imports (constant 1990 US$). Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services.
  • Wholesale price index > 2005 = 100: Wholesale price index (2005 = 100). Wholesale price index refers to a mix of agricultural and industrial goods at various stages of production and distribution, including import duties. The Laspeyres formula is generally used.
STAT Romania United States HISTORY
Air transport, passengers carried 3.91 million
Ranked 61st.
736.62 million
Ranked 1st. 188 times more than Romania

Air transport, passengers carried per 1000 183.52
Ranked 89th.
2,346.56
Ranked 18th. 13 times more than Romania

Arms exports > Constant 1990 US$ $108.00 million
Ranked 20th.
$8.76 billion
Ranked 1st. 81 times more than Romania

Computer, communications and other services > % of commercial service imports 48.27%
Ranked 21st. 26% more than United States
38.23%
Ranked 35th.

Container port traffic > TEU: 20 foot equivalent units 648,458
Ranked 69th.
42.9 million
Ranked 3rd. 66 times more than Romania

Container port traffic > TEU: 20 foot equivalent units per 1000 30.32
Ranked 96th.
137.69
Ranked 56th. 5 times more than Romania

Cost to export > US$ per container $1,485.00
Ranked 59th. 36% more than United States
$1,090.00
Ranked 105th.

Export value index > 2000 = 100 per million 28.24
Ranked 120th. 46 times more than United States
0.608
Ranked 195th.

Exports of goods and services > BoP, current US$ $62.98 billion
Ranked 56th.
$2.21 trillion
Ranked 2nd. 35 times more than Romania

Goods exports > BoP, current US$, % of GDP 30.28%
Ranked 56th. 3 times more than United States
9.96%
Ranked 119th.

Import value index > 2000 = 100 583.71
Ranked 30th. 3 times more than United States
179.9
Ranked 177th.

Import value index > 2000 = 100 per million 27.3
Ranked 128th. 47 times more than United States
0.577
Ranked 196th.

Lead time to import, median case > Days per million 0.0938
Ranked 78th. 15 times more than United States
0.00637
Ranked 109th.

Liner shipping connectivity index > Maximum value in 2004 = 100 per million 1.09
Ranked 105th. 4 times more than United States
0.292
Ranked 138th.

Service exports > BoP, current US$ $11.69 billion
Ranked 49th.
$650.56 billion
Ranked 2nd. 56 times more than Romania

Imports of goods and services > BoP, current US$ per capita $3,364.90
Ranked 72nd.
$8,751.07
Ranked 42nd. 3 times more than Romania

Goods imports > BoP, current US$, % of GDP 37.04%
Ranked 69th. 3 times more than United States
14.68%
Ranked 133th.

Goods exports > BoP, current US$ per capita $2,404.99
Ranked 64th.
$4,975.59
Ranked 44th. 2 times more than Romania

Service exports > BoP, current US$ per capita $548.18
Ranked 78th.
$2,072.43
Ranked 50th. 4 times more than Romania

CO2 emissions from transport > Million metric tons per million 0.659
Ranked 81st.
5.26
Ranked 3rd. 8 times more than Romania

Imports of goods and services > BoP, current US$ $71.76 billion
Ranked 47th.
$2.75 trillion
Ranked 2nd. 38 times more than Romania

Time to import > Days 13
Ranked 136th. 3 times more than United States
5
Ranked 183th.

Liner shipping connectivity index > Maximum value in 2004 = 100 23.28
Ranked 51st.
91.7
Ranked 6th. 4 times more than Romania

Logistics performance index: Efficiency of customs clearance process > 1=low to 5=high 2.65
Ranked 61st.
3.67
Ranked 13th. 38% more than Romania

Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$ per capita $1.69
Ranked 78th.
$4.13
Ranked 54th. 2 times more than Romania

Imports of goods and services > Current LCU 243.27 billion
Ranked 82nd.
2.74 trillion
Ranked 35th. 11 times more than Romania

Tuberculosis treatment success rate > % of registered cases 85%
Ranked 73th. 9% more than United States
78%
Ranked 110th.

Insurance and financial services > % of service exports, BoP 4.02%
Ranked 49th.
14.22%
Ranked 10th. 4 times more than Romania

Goods exports > BoP, current US$ $51.29 billion
Ranked 55th.
$1.56 trillion
Ranked 3rd. 30 times more than Romania

Net barter terms of trade index > 2000 = 100 98.25
Ranked 121st. 4% more than United States
94.61
Ranked 131st.

Export volume index > 2000 = 100 360.81
Ranked 16th. 3 times more than United States
142.31
Ranked 115th.

Merchandise exports to developing economies in East Asia & Pacific > % of total merchandise exports 0.996%
Ranked 114th.
10.1%
Ranked 45th. 10 times more than Romania

Merchandise exports to developing economies in Middle East & North Africa > % of total merchandise exports 3.43%
Ranked 31st. 3 times more than United States
1.23%
Ranked 73th.

Transport services > % of commercial service exports 26.01%
Ranked 56th. 89% more than United States
13.76%
Ranked 47th.

Energy imports, net > % of energy use 23.05%
Ranked 70th. 53% more than United States
15.04%
Ranked 27th.

Exports of goods and services > Annual % growth -5.993%
Ranked 103th.
3.54%
Ranked 41st.

Imports of goods and services > Current US$ $79.80 billion
Ranked 44th.
$2.74 trillion
Ranked 2nd. 34 times more than Romania

Goods imports > BoP, current US$ per capita $2,942.25
Ranked 68th.
$7,335.49
Ranked 39th. 2 times more than Romania

Armed forces personnel, total 151,300
Ranked 44th.
1.52 million
Ranked 4th. 10 times more than Romania

External balance on goods and services > Current LCU -42,593,000,000
Ranked 95th.
-547,200,000,000
Ranked 124th. 13 times more than Romania

Exports of goods and services > Constant LCU 118.63 billion
Ranked 71st.
1.85 trillion
Ranked 23th. 16 times more than Romania

Imports of goods and services > Constant 2000 US$ $49.37 billion
Ranked 49th.
$2.23 trillion
Ranked 2nd. 45 times more than Romania

Travel services > % of commercial service imports 21.15%
Ranked 78th.
22.58%
Ranked 32nd. 7% more than Romania

Insurance and financial services > % of commercial service exports 2.69%
Ranked 64th.
14.53%
Ranked 6th. 5 times more than Romania

Lead time to export, median case > Days per million 0.0938
Ranked 77th. 15 times more than United States
0.00637
Ranked 112th.

Logistics performance index: Ease of arranging competitively priced shipments > 1=low to 5=high per million 0.14
Ranked 103th. 12 times more than United States
0.0113
Ranked 151st.

External balance on goods and services > Constant LCU per million -1,182,953,458.154
Ranked 64th.
-1,232,918,404.74
Ranked 66th. 4% more than Romania

Merchandise exports by the reporting economy, residual > % of total merchandise exports 0.163%
Ranked 141st. 19% more than United States
0.137%
Ranked 144th.

Travel services > % of service exports, BoP 12.51%
Ranked 129th.
24.71%
Ranked 99th. 97% more than Romania

Air transport, freight > Million ton-km 5.57
Ranked 91st.
39,104.42
Ranked 1st. 7018 times more than Romania

Lead time to export, median case > Days 2
Ranked 63th. The same as United States
2
Ranked 67th.

Logistics performance index: Quality of trade and transport-related infrastructure > 1=low to 5=high 2.51
Ranked 87th.
4.14
Ranked 4th. 65% more than Romania

Ores and metals exports > % of merchandise exports 3.8%
Ranked 40th. 3% more than United States
3.68%
Ranked 42nd.

Total reserves in months of imports per million 0.349
Ranked 76th. 53 times more than United States
0.00664
Ranked 142nd.

Arms exports > Constant 1990 US$ per capita $5.06
Ranked 20th.
$27.91
Ranked 7th. 6 times more than Romania

Arms exports > Constant 1990 US$, % of GDP 0.0638%
Ranked 5th. 14% more than United States
0.0559%
Ranked 6th.

Export volume index > 2000 = 100 per million 16.87
Ranked 116th. 37 times more than United States
0.457
Ranked 196th.

Merchandise exports to developing economies in Europe & Central Asia > % of total merchandise exports 21.41%
Ranked 11th. 14 times more than United States
1.49%
Ranked 75th.

CO2 emissions from transport > % of total fuel combustion 17.23%
Ranked 103th.
30.98%
Ranked 56th. 80% more than Romania

Merchandise exports to developing economies in Latin America & the Caribbean > % of total merchandise exports 0.615%
Ranked 104th.
22.8%
Ranked 18th. 37 times more than Romania

Total reserves in months of imports 7.43
Ranked 23th. 4 times more than United States
2.08
Ranked 119th.

Food exports > % of merchandise exports 8.5%
Ranked 62nd.
10.15%
Ranked 53th. 19% more than Romania

Documents to export > Number per million 0.234
Ranked 144th. 25 times more than United States
0.00956
Ranked 185th.

Cost to import > US$ per container $1,495.00
Ranked 84th. 14% more than United States
$1,315.00
Ranked 104th.

Air transport, registered carrier departures worldwide 57,433
Ranked 57th.
9.86 million
Ranked 1st. 172 times more than Romania

Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$, % of GDP 0.0213%
Ranked 66th. 3 times more than United States
0.00827%
Ranked 80th.

Imports of goods and services > Current US$, % of GDP 47.11%
Ranked 70th. 3 times more than United States
17.49%
Ranked 136th.

Imports of goods and services > Constant 2000 US$, % of GDP 29.15%
Ranked 60th. 2 times more than United States
14.25%
Ranked 103th.

External balance on goods and services > Current LCU per million -1,997,148,672.065
Ranked 83th. 15% more than United States
-1,743,152,361.073
Ranked 80th.

Terms of trade adjustment > Constant LCU 41.6 million
Ranked 54th.
-58,705,725,363.353
Ranked 96th.

Imports of goods and services > BoP, current US$, % of GDP 42.36%
Ranked 84th. 2 times more than United States
17.51%
Ranked 135th.

Exports of goods and services > BoP, current US$, % of GDP 37.18%
Ranked 73th. 3 times more than United States
14.11%
Ranked 129th.

Service exports > BoP, current US$, % of GDP 6.9%
Ranked 87th. 66% more than United States
4.15%
Ranked 106th.

Current account balance > % of GDP -3.293%
Ranked 68th. 21% more than United States
-2.711%
Ranked 64th.

Air transport, freight > Million ton-km per million 0.261
Ranked 110th.
124.57
Ranked 15th. 477 times more than Romania

Smoking prevalence, females > % of adults 24.08%
Ranked 25th.
24.72%
Ranked 23th. 3% more than Romania
Lead time to import, median case > Days 2
Ranked 75th. The same as United States
2
Ranked 79th.

Merchandise exports to economies in the Arab World > % of total merchandise exports 4.72%
Ranked 40th. 24% more than United States
3.79%
Ranked 52nd.

Export value index > 2000 = 100 603.89
Ranked 34th. 3 times more than United States
189.33
Ranked 153th.

Travel services > % of commercial service exports 11.8%
Ranked 138th.
26.84%
Ranked 34th. 2 times more than Romania

Exports of goods and services > Current LCU per capita 9,409.48
Ranked 95th. 35% more than United States
6,995.23
Ranked 107th.

Exports of goods and services > Current LCU 200.68 billion
Ranked 78th.
2.2 trillion
Ranked 32nd. 11 times more than Romania

Exports of goods and services > % of GDP 34.16%
Ranked 75th. 3 times more than United States
13.52%
Ranked 131st.

Terms of trade adjustment > Constant LCU per capita 1.95
Ranked 54th.
-187.012
Ranked 66th.

ICT goods imports > % total goods imports 7.98%
Ranked 32nd.
12.84%
Ranked 14th. 61% more than Romania

Ores and metals imports > % of merchandise imports 2.7%
Ranked 35th. 19% more than United States
2.27%
Ranked 46th.

Exports of goods and services > BoP, current US$ per capita $2,953.17
Ranked 73th.
$7,048.02
Ranked 48th. 2 times more than Romania

Logistics performance index: Ability to track and trace consignments > 1=low to 5=high 3.1
Ranked 53th.
4.11
Ranked 3rd. 33% more than Romania

Logistics performance index: Efficiency of customs clearance process > 1=low to 5=high per million 0.124
Ranked 103th. 11 times more than United States
0.0117
Ranked 149th.

Smoking prevalence, males > % of adults 45.54%
Ranked 33th. 39% more than United States
32.78%
Ranked 70th.
Imports of goods and services > Current LCU per capita 11,406.62
Ranked 98th. 31% more than United States
8,738.38
Ranked 107th.

Transport services > % of commercial service imports 20.24%
Ranked 130th.
22.08%
Ranked 52nd. 9% more than Romania

Agricultural raw materials exports > % of merchandise exports 2.27%
Ranked 30th.
2.45%
Ranked 26th. 8% more than Romania

ICT goods exports > % of total goods exports 7.82%
Ranked 23th.
9.5%
Ranked 19th. 21% more than Romania

Merchandise exports to high-income economies > % of total merchandise exports 71.87%
Ranked 66th. 18% more than United States
60.95%
Ranked 105th.

Net barter terms of trade index > 2000 = 100 per million 4.59
Ranked 155th. 15 times more than United States
0.304
Ranked 194th.

Merchandise exports to developing economies outside region > % of total merchandise exports 6.56%
Ranked 125th.
38.91%
Ranked 22nd. 6 times more than Romania

Merchandise exports to developing economies in Sub-Saharan Africa > % of total merchandise exports 0.777%
Ranked 101st.
1.4%
Ranked 79th. 80% more than Romania

Goods imports > BoP, current US$ $62.75 billion
Ranked 44th.
$2.30 trillion
Ranked 2nd. 37 times more than Romania

Communications, computer, etc. > % of service exports, BoP 59.21%
Ranked 20th. 23% more than United States
48.16%
Ranked 38th.

Services, etc., value added > Annual % growth 7.52%
Ranked 22nd. 4 times more than United States
2.03%
Ranked 104th.

Insurance and financial services > % of commercial service imports 10.34%
Ranked 28th.
17.12%
Ranked 5th. 66% more than Romania

Documents to export > Number 5
Ranked 122nd. 67% more than United States
3
Ranked 179th.

Armed forces personnel > % of total labor force 1.48%
Ranked 41st. 54% more than United States
0.956%
Ranked 66th.

Imports of goods and services > Annual % growth -6.763%
Ranked 106th.
2.22%
Ranked 73th.

External balance on goods and services > Constant LCU -25,228,736,021.474
Ranked 69th.
-387,030,397,422.29
Ranked 89th. 15 times more than Romania

Wholesale price index > 2005 = 100 per million 7.24
Ranked 40th. 18 times more than United States
0.409
Ranked 69th.

Time to import > Days per million 0.61
Ranked 151st. 38 times more than United States
0.0159
Ranked 188th.

Logistics performance index: Ability to track and trace consignments > 1=low to 5=high per million 0.145
Ranked 98th. 11 times more than United States
0.0131
Ranked 150th.

Armed forces personnel, total per 1000 7.08
Ranked 43th. 45% more than United States
4.88
Ranked 67th.

Exports of goods and services > Constant LCU per capita 5,562.29
Ranked 81st.
5,885.16
Ranked 80th. 6% more than Romania

Imports of goods and services > Current US$ per capita $3,741.58
Ranked 53th.
$8,738.38
Ranked 29th. 2 times more than Romania

Imports of goods and services > Constant 2000 US$ per capita $2,315.04
Ranked 56th.
$7,118.08
Ranked 32nd. 3 times more than Romania

Imports of goods and services > % of GDP 41.41%
Ranked 88th. 2 times more than United States
16.89%
Ranked 141st.

Fuel imports > % of merchandise imports 12.2%
Ranked 71st.
18.68%
Ranked 42nd. 53% more than Romania

Air transport, registered carrier departures worldwide per 1000 2.69
Ranked 80th.
31.41
Ranked 18th. 12 times more than Romania

Logistics performance index: Ease of arranging competitively priced shipments > 1=low to 5=high 2.99
Ranked 52nd.
3.56
Ranked 16th. 19% more than Romania

CO2 emissions from transport > Million metric tons 14.09
Ranked 50th.
1,638.11
Ranked 1st. 116 times more than Romania

Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$ $36.00 million
Ranked 68th.
$1.30 billion
Ranked 4th. 36 times more than Romania

Wholesale price index > 2005 = 100 154.5
Ranked 22nd. 20% more than United States
128.44
Ranked 41st.

SOURCES: International Civil Aviation Organization, Civil Aviation Statistics of the World and ICAO staff estimates.; International Civil Aviation Organization, Civil Aviation Statistics of the World and ICAO staff estimates. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Yearbook: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security.; International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators.; Containerisation International, Containerisation International Yearbook.; Containerisation International, Containerisation International Yearbook. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).; United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Handbook of Statistics and data files, and International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.; United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Handbook of Statistics and data files, and International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics.; World Bank and Turku School of Economics, Logistic Performance Index Surveys. Data are available online at : http://www.worldbank.org/lpi. Summary results are published in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy, The Logistics Performance Index and Its Indicators report. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Review of Maritime Transport 2010. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Energy Agency. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Review of Maritime Transport 2010.; World Bank and Turku School of Economics, Logistic Performance Index Surveys. Data are available online at : http://www.worldbank.org/lpi. Summary results are published in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy, The Logistics Performance Index and Its Indicators report.; Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Yearbook: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank national accounts data; World Health Organization, Global Tuberculosis Control Report.; World Bank staff estimates; International Energy Agency; International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance.; World Bank national accounts data. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Yearbook: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.; International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators.; World Bank, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/). Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank national accounts data. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.; International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files, and World Bank and OECD GDP estimates. World Bank World Development Indicators.; WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic.; United Nations Conference on Trade and Development's UNCTADstat database at http://unctadstat.unctad.org/ReportFolders/reportFolders.aspx.; International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.

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