×

Education Stats: compare key data on Romania & United States

Compare vs for  

Definitions

  • Children out of school, primary: Children out of school, primary. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Total is the total number of primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • Children out of school, primary per 1000: Children out of school, primary. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Total is the total number of primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Children out of school, primary, female: Children out of school, primary, female. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Female is the total number of female primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • College and university > Gender parity index: Country's gender parity index for college and university enrollment. For countries with a rating of over 1, more females are enrolled while countries with a rating under 1 have more males enrolled.
  • College and university > Share of total education spending: Percentage of government education funding that goes to post-secondary education.
  • Compulsary education duration: Number of years students are required to be enrolled in school for all levels of education. For instance, compulsary education lasts for 12 years in the United States.
  • Government spending on education > Proportion of GDP: Percentage of public funding for education out of country's total GDP.
  • Homeschooling legal status: Legal status of homeschooling.
  • Literacy > Female: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Literacy > Total population: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Primary education, duration > Years: Primary education, duration (years). Duration of primary is the number of grades (years) in primary education.
  • Primary education, teachers per 1000: Primary education, teachers. Teaching staff in primary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private primary education institutions. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio, primary: Pupil-teacher ratio, primary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Primary is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary: Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Secondary is the number of pupils enrolled in secondary school divided by the number of secondary school teachers.
  • Secondary education, duration > Years: Secondary education, duration (years). Duration of secondary education is the number of grades (years) in secondary education (ISCED 2 & 3).
  • Children out of school, primary, female per 1000: Children out of school, primary, female. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Female is the total number of female primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • College and university > Gender ratio: Ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment is the percentage of men to women enrolled at tertiary level in public and private schools.
  • Child care (preschool) > Duration: Number of years students study at the pre-primary (preschool) level. It should be noted that not all countries require pre-primary education.
  • Secondary education > Teachers > Per capita: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Duration of compulsory education: Duration of compulsory education is the number of grades (or years) that a child must legally be enrolled in school.
  • Secondary education, pupils: Secondary education, pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • College and university > Private school share: Percentage of post-secondary students who attend a private school, college, or university.
  • School life expectancy > Total: School life expectancy and transition from primary to secondary for school years 1998/99 and 1999/00, published in http://www.uis.unesco.org accessed on Sept. 2002 and Women's Indicators and Statistics Database (Wistat), Version 4, CD-ROM (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.00.XVII.4) based on data provided by UNESCO in 1999.
  • Primary education, teachers: Primary education, teachers. Teaching staff in primary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private primary education institutions. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Primary education, pupils: Primary education, pupils. Enrolment in primary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in public and private primary education institutions.
  • Tertiary enrollment: Gross enrolment ratio, tertiary level is the sum of all tertiary level students enrolled at the start of the school year, expressed as a percentage of the mid-year population in the 5 year age group after the official secondary school leaving age.
  • Spending per student > College and university: Public expenditure per student is the public current spending on education divided by the total number of students by level, as a percentage of GDP per capita. Public expenditure (current and capital) includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • High school > Gender ratio: Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • Compulsary education starting age: Age at which children must be enrolled in school.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary per million: Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Secondary is the number of pupils enrolled in secondary school divided by the number of secondary school teachers. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Literacy > Definition: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • High school > Upper secondary school duration: Number of years students study at the upper secondary (high school) level.
  • Literacy > Male: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Spending > USD: Education expenditure refers to the current operating expenditures in education, including wages and salaries and excluding capital investments in buildings and equipment."
  • High school > Private school share: Percentage of secondary students who attend a private school.
  • Spending > Proportion: Education expenditure refers to the current operating expenditures in education, including wages and salaries and excluding capital investments in buildings and equipment. Expressed as a proportion of GNI."
  • Pupil-teacher ratio > Primary: Primary school pupil-teacher ratio is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers (regardless of their teaching assignment).
  • Child care (preschool) > Starting age: Average age at which students begin pre-primary (preschool) education.
  • Preschool enrollment rate: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music."
  • Tertiary > Students studying abroad: Total number of post-secondary students who were studying abroad during given year.
  • Literacy > Reading performance > Overall: Overall.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Elementary (primary school) > Duration: Number of years students study at the primary level.
  • Children out of school > Primary: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • Secondary education, teachers per 1000: Secondary education, teachers. Teaching staff in total secondary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private secondary education institutions (ISCED 2 and 3). Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education, teachers: Secondary education, teachers. Teaching staff in total secondary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private secondary education institutions (ISCED 2 and 3). Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Child care (preschool) > Students per teacher: Number of students per teacher for pre-primary (preschool) education.
  • High school > Lower secondary school duration: Number of years students study at the lower secondary (middle school) level.
  • Children out of school, primary, male per 1000: Children out of school, primary, male. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Male is the total number of male primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Spending per student > High school: Public expenditure per student is the public current spending on education divided by the total number of students by level, as a percentage of GDP per capita. Public expenditure (current and capital) includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • Secondary education, general pupils: Secondary education, general pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. General programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in general programmes at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • High school > Gender parity index: Country's gender parity index for secondary level enrollment. For countries with a rating of over 1, more females are enrolled while countries with a rating under 1 have more males enrolled.
  • Literacy > Reading performance > Overall reading skills: Overall.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Scientific and technical journal articles: Scientific and technical journal articles refer to the number of scientific and engineering articles published in the following fields: physics, biology, chemistry, mathematics, clinical medicine, biomedical research, engineering and technology, and earth and space sciences.
  • Literacy > Reading performance > Access and retrieve: Access and retrieve.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • College and university > Teachers > Proportion of teachers female: Percentage of country's college and university professors that are female.
  • Tertiary > Students studying abroad proportion: The number of students from a given country studying abroad in a given year, expressed as a percentage of total tertiary enrollment in that country. Ratios greater than 100 % are possible, because those currently studying abroad do not count towards total enrollment.
  • Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Scouting > Genders admitted: Admits boys/girls.
  • Elementary (primary school) > Starting age: Average age at which students begin primary education.
  • Children out of school, primary, male: Children out of school, primary, male. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Male is the total number of male primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • High school > Students per teacher: Number of students per teacher for all levels of secondary education.
  • Secondary education > General pupils: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training.
  • Spending per student > Elementary school: Public expenditure per student is the public current spending on education divided by the total number of students by level, as a percentage of GDP per capita. Public expenditure (current and capital) includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • Secondary school starting age > Years: Secondary school starting age (years). Entrance age of 2A lower secondary is the age at which students would enter lower secondary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade.
  • High school starting age > Years: Secondary school starting age is the age at which students would enter secondary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade."
  • Primary education > Teachers > Per capita: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • High school > Population with at least high school education > Women: Population with at least high school education > Women.
  • Elementary school graduate rate: Persistence to last grade of primary is the percentage of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach the last grade of primary education. The estimate is based on the reconstructed cohort method.
  • Schools connected to the Internet: Schools connected to the Internet are the share of primary and secondary schools in the country that have access to the Internet.
  • Public spending per student > Primary level: Public expenditure per student, primary level is the total reported current spending by the government on primary education, divided by the total number of pupils in primary education, expressed as a percentage of per capita GDP.
  • Primary education, pupils per 1000: Primary education, pupils. Enrolment in primary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in public and private primary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education, pupils per 1000: Secondary education, pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled at public and private secondary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Tertiary > Students studying abroad per thousand people: Total number of post-secondary students who were studying abroad during given year. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Outcomes > Secondary education > Duration > Years: Secondary education, duration (years) is the number of grades (years) in secondary school."
  • Teacher student ratio > High school: Secondary school pupil-teacher ratio is the number of pupils enrolled in secondary school divided by the number of secondary school teachers (regardless of their teaching assignment).
  • Children out of school > Primary per 1000: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Inequality adjusted index: Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index.
  • Class size > Age 13: The average number of 13-year-old students per class.
  • Teacher student ratio > Elementary school: Primary school pupil-teacher ratio is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers (regardless of their teaching assignment).
  • Elementary school > Enrolled students: Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • Primary education > Duration > Years: Primary duration refers to the number of years of full-time equivalent duration in primary education in the school system according to ISCED.
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$ per capita: Services, etc., value added (constant 2000 US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • School enrolment rate > 1st grade: Gross intake rate in grade 1 is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the official primary entrance age."
  • Secondary education, general pupils per 1000: Secondary education, general pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. General programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in general programmes at public and private secondary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Literacy > Reading performance > Integrate and interpret: Integrate and interpret.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • High school > Lower secondary starting age: Average age at which students begin lower secondary (middle school) education.
  • Elementary (primary) school) > Private school share: Percentage of primary students who attend a private school.
  • Elementary school > Gender ratio: Ratio of female to male primary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • Duration of education > Secondary level: Duration of secondary education is the number of grades (or years) in general secondary education.
  • Public spending per student > Tertiary level: Public expenditure per student, tertiary level is the total reported current spending by the government on tertiary education, divided by the total number of pupils in tertiary education, expressed as a percentage of per capita GDP.
  • Primary education > Pupils: Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • High school > Population with at least high school education > Men: Gender Inequality Index.
  • Education enrolment by level > Secondary level > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Secondary education, vocational pupils: Secondary education, vocational pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. Technical/vocational programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in technical/vocational programmes at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • Elementary (primary) school > Students per teacher: Number of students per teacher for primary education.
  • Spending on education > Proportion spent on all staff salaries: Percentage of public funding for education that goes to school staff salaries.
  • Secondary education > Teachers: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Scientific and technical journal articles per million: Scientific and technical journal articles refer to the number of scientific and engineering articles published in the following fields: physics, biology, chemistry, mathematics, clinical medicine, biomedical research, engineering and technology, and earth and space sciences. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Literacy > Reading performance > Continuous texts: Continuous texts.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Literacy > Reading performance > Non-continuous texts: Non-continuous texts.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Duration of education > Primary level: Duration of primary education is the number of grades (or years) in primary education.
  • Participation > Children out of school > Elementary: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • Participation > Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education: Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary and secondary levels in public and private schools.
  • Public spending per student > Secondary level: Public expenditure per student, secondary level is the total reported current spending by the government on secondary education, divided by the total number of pupils in secondary education, expressed as a percentage of per capita GDP.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Per capita: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Literacy > Reading performance > Reflect and evaluate: Reflect and evaluate.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • High school > Upper secondary starting age: Average age at which students begin upper secondary (high school) education.
  • Elementary school starting age > Years: Primary school starting age is the age at which students would enter primary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade."
  • Elementary school repeaters > All: Repeaters in primary school are the number of students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all students enrolled in primary school."
  • School life expectancy > Male: School life expectancy and transition from primary to secondary for school years 1998/99 and 1999/00, published in http://www.uis.unesco.org accessed on Sept. 2002 and Women's Indicators and Statistics Database (Wistat), Version 4, CD-ROM (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.00.XVII.4) based on data provided by UNESCO in 1999.
  • Secondary education > General pupils > Per capita: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Education enrolment by level > Primary level > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Education enrolment by level > Primary level per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Pupils-teacher ratio > Primary level: Pupil-teacher ratio, primary level is the average number of pupils per teacher in primary education. Cross-country comparisons may be affected by such factors as the composition of teachers by part- and full-time employment.
  • Elementary (primary school) > Teachers > Proportion of teachers female: Percentage of country's elementary, or primary, teachers that are female.
  • Primary education > Teachers: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Students from households with computer > Age 13: Percentage of 13-year-old students who come from households with at least one computer.
  • Private school enrolment > Primary level: Private sector enrolment share, primary level is the share of primary school pupils who attend a privately managed school, regardless of whether or not the school receives subsidies from the government.
  • Outcomes > Primary education > Duration > Years: Primary duration refers to the number of years of full-time equivalent duration in primary education in the school system according to ISCED.
  • Primary education > Teachers per 1000: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Female > Per capita: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Female enrolment share > Primary level: Girls' enrolment share, primary level is the number of girls enrolled in primary school, expressed as a percentage of the total number of pupils in primary school.
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$: Services, etc., value added (constant 2000 US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars.
  • Primary school starting age > Years: Primary school starting age (years). Entrance age of primary is the age at which students would enter primary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade.
  • Scouting > Members: Members of boy or girl scout groups which are members of the World Organization of the Scout Movement (WOSM).
  • Elementary (primary) school) > Proportion spent on all staff salaries: Percentage of public funding for primary education that goes to school staff salaries.
  • High school > Share of total education spending: Percentage of government education funding that goes to secondary education.
  • Enrolment ratio > Secondary level: Net enrolment ratio, secondary level, is the ratio of the number of children of official secondary school age enrolled in school to the number of children of official secondary school age in the population.
  • Participation > Secondary education > General pupils: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training."
  • Secondary education > Teachers per 1000: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education > General pupils per 1000: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Ratio of female to male primary enrollment: Ratio of female to male primary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Male: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • Elementary (primary) school > Gender parity index: Country's gender parity index in primary, or elementary, school. For countries with a rating of over 1, more females are enrolled while countries with a rating under 1 have more males enrolled. 
  • Female enrolment share > Secondary level: Girls' enrolment share, secondary level is the number of girls enrolled in secondary school, expressed as a percentage of the total number of pupils in secondary school.
  • Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary > Teachers > Women: Number of female teaching staff in post-secondary non-tertiary education. Post-secondary non-tertiary education serves to broaden the knowledge of participants, who have already gained an upper secondary qualification.
  • Private school enrolment > Secondary level: Private sector enrolment share, secondary level is the share of students in general secondary education who attend a privately managed school, regardless of whether or not the school receives subsidies from the government.
  • Education enrolment by level > Secondary level per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Scouting > Members per thousand people: Membership (from 2012). Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • School life expectancy > Female: School life expectancy and transition from primary to secondary for school years 1998/99 and 1999/00, published in http://www.uis.unesco.org accessed on Sept. 2002 and Women's Indicators and Statistics Database (Wistat), Version 4, CD-ROM (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.00.XVII.4) based on data provided by UNESCO in 1999.
  • Elementary school repeaters > Male: Repeaters in primary school are the number of students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all students enrolled in primary school."
  • Elementary school repeaters > Female: Repeaters in primary school are the number of students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all students enrolled in primary school."
  • Children out of school > Primary > Male > Per capita: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • High school teachers: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Elementary school teachers: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Teacher qualifications > Years experience > Age 13: The average number of years of teaching experience, for teachers of students aged 13.
  • Students from households with computer > Age 13 per million: Percentage of 13-year-old students who come from households with at least one computer. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Students from households with more than 25 books > Age 13: Percentage of 13 year-old students who come from households owning more than 25 books.
  • Teacher qualifications > Share with special training > Age 13: Of those teachers who teach students aged 13, the percentage who have specialised teacher training.
  • Students from households with study desk > Age 13: Percentage of 13-year-old students who come from households with at least one study desk.
  • Participation > Secondary education > Pupils: Secondary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • Primary education > Pupils per 1000: Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment: Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • Students from households with calculator > Age 13: Percentage of 13-year-old students who come from households containing at least one calculator.
  • Pupils-teacher ratio > Secondary level: Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary level is the average number of pupils per teacher in secondary education. Cross-country comparisons may be affected by such factors as the composition of teachers by part- and full-time employment.
  • Students from households with more than 25 books > Age 13 per million: Percentage of 13 year-old students who come from households owning more than 25 books. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Students from households with dictionary > Age 13: The percentage of 13-year-old students who come from a household with a dictionary.
  • Students living with mother > Age 13: Percentage of 13-year-old students who live with their mother.
  • Students whose mothers have secondary education > Age 13: Percentage of 13-year-old students whose mothers have at least secondary education.
  • Efficiency > Net intake rate in grade 1 > Female > % of official school-age population: Net intake rate in grade 1 is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education who are of official primary school entrance age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the corresponding age."
  • Elementary school graduate rate > Male: Persistence to last grade of primary is the percentage of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach the last grade of primary education. The estimate is based on the reconstructed cohort method.
  • Efficiency > Net intake rate in grade 1 > Male > % of official school-age population: Net intake rate in grade 1 is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education who are of official primary school entrance age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the corresponding age."
  • Elementary school > Enrolled students > % female: Female pupils as a percentage of total pupils at primary level include enrollments in public and private schools.
  • Elementary school teachers > % female: Female teachers as a percentage of total primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Participation > Secondary education > Vocational pupils > % female: Secondary vocational pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in technical and vocational education programs, including teacher training."
  • Participation > Total enrollment > Primary > Male > % net: Total enrollment is the number of pupils of the school-age group for primary education, enrolled either in primary or secondary education, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that age group."
  • Preschool enrollment rate > Female: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Preprimary education refers to the initial stage of organized instruction, designed primarily to introduce very young children to a school-type environment."
  • Preschool enrollment rate > Male: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Preprimary education refers to the initial stage of organized instruction, designed primarily to introduce very young children to a school-type environment."
  • School enrolment rate > 1st grade > Female: Gross intake rate in grade 1 is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the official primary entrance age."
  • School enrolment rate > 1st grade > Male: Gross intake rate in grade 1 is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the official primary entrance age."
  • Services, etc., value added > % of GDP: Services, etc., value added (% of GDP). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99 and they include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Note: For VAB countries, gross value added at factor cost is used as the denominator.
  • Unemployment with secondary education, male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment with secondary education, male (% of male unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Unemployment with primary education, male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment with primary education, male (% of male unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Labor force with tertiary education, male > % of male labor force: Labor force with tertiary education, male (% of male labor force). Labor force with tertiary education is the proportion of labor force that has a tertiary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Unemployment with tertiary education, female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment with tertiary education, female (% of female unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Unemployment with tertiary education, male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment with tertiary education, male (% of male unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • School enrollment > Preprimary > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Preprimary education refers to the initial stage of organized instruction, designed primarily to introduce very young children to a school-type environment.
  • Students whose father has secondary education: Percentage of students whose fathers have at least secondary education.
  • Ratio of female to male enrollments in tertiary education: Ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment is the percentage of men to women enrolled at tertiary level in public and private schools.
  • Government spending on education > % of GDP: Public expenditure on education consists of current and capital public expenditure on education includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Female > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music."
  • Government spending on education > % of government spending: Public expenditure on education consists of current and capital public expenditure on education includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Female > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music."
  • Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education > %: Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education (%). Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary and secondary levels in public and private schools.
  • School enrollment, preprimary, female > % gross: School enrollment, preprimary, female (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Pre-primary. Female is the total female enrollment in pre-primary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the total female population of official pre-primary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • School enrollment, preprimary, male > % gross: School enrollment, preprimary, male (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Pre-primary. Male is the total male enrollment in pre-primary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the total male population of official pre-primary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • Secondary education, pupils > % female: Secondary education, pupils (% female). Percentage of female students. Total secondary. All programmes is the number of female students enrolled in all secondary education programmes expressed as a percentage of the total number of students (male and female) enrolled at the secondary education level in a given school year.
  • Expenditure per student, primary > % of GDP per capita: Expenditure per student, primary (% of GDP per capita). Public expenditure per pupil as a % of GDP per capita. Primary is the total public expenditure per student in primary education as a percentage of GDP per capita. Public expenditure (current and capital) includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities).
  • Secondary education, vocational pupils per 1000: Secondary education, vocational pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. Technical/vocational programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in technical/vocational programmes at public and private secondary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education, teachers, female per 1000: Secondary education, teachers, female. Teaching staff in total secondary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Female is the total number of female teachers in public and private secondary education institutions (ISCED 2 and 3). Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • School enrollment > Secondary > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers.
  • Adjusted savings: education expenditure > % of GNI: Adjusted savings: education expenditure (% of GNI). Education expenditure refers to the current operating expenditures in education, including wages and salaries and excluding capital investments in buildings and equipment.
  • Ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment > %: Ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment (%). Ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment is the percentage of men to women enrolled at tertiary level in public and private schools.
  • Persistence to last grade of primary, total > % of cohort: Persistence to last grade of primary, total (% of cohort). Survival rate to last grade of primary. Total is the share of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach the last grade of primary. The estimate is calculated on the basis of the reconstructed cohort method, which uses data on enrolment and repeaters for two consecutive years.
  • School enrollment, primary > % gross: School enrollment, primary (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Primary. Total is the total enrollment in primary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of official primary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • School enrollment > Secondary > Female > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers.
  • School enrollment, primary, male > % net: School enrollment, primary, male (% net). Net enrolment rate. Primary. Male is the ratio of male children of the official primary school age who are enrolled in primary school to the male population of the official primary school age.
  • Persistence to last grade of primary, female > % of cohort: Persistence to last grade of primary, female (% of cohort). Survival rate to last grade of primary. Female is the share of female children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach the last grade of primary. The estimate is calculated on the basis of the reconstructed cohort method, which uses data on enrolment and repeaters for two consecutive years.
  • Repeaters, primary, male > % of male enrollment: Repeaters, primary, male (% of male enrollment). Percentage of repeaters in primary. All grades. Male is the number of male students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all male students enrolled in primary school. It is calculated by dividing the sum of male repeaters in all grades of primary education by the total male enrolment of primary education and multiplying the result by 100.
STAT Romania United States HISTORY
Children out of school, primary 103,975
Ranked 34th.
1.76 million
Ranked 3rd. 17 times more than Romania

Children out of school, primary per 1000 4.86
Ranked 53th.
5.64
Ranked 47th. 16% more than Romania

Children out of school, primary, female 52,749
Ranked 32nd.
780,465
Ranked 3rd. 15 times more than Romania

College and university > Gender parity index 1.35
Ranked 41st.
1.41
Ranked 33th. 5% more than Romania

College and university > Share of total education spending 28.28%
Ranked 17th. 10% more than United States
25.65%
Ranked 26th.

Compulsary education duration 10
Ranked 51st.
12
Ranked 14th. 20% more than Romania

Government spending on education > Proportion of GDP 4.24%
Ranked 82nd.
5.62%
Ranked 39th. 33% more than Romania

Homeschooling legal status Legal under restrictive conditions. Children with disabilities, special needs or whose condition does not allow them to be physically present in a school may be home-schooled, under the supervision of an accredited teacher. Legal under regulating conditions, varies by state.
Literacy > Female 97.7%
Ranked 40th.
99%
Ranked 17th. 1% more than Romania

Literacy > Total population 98.4%
Ranked 38th.
99%
Ranked 20th. 1% more than Romania

Primary education, duration > Years 4
Ranked 186th.
6
Ranked 53th. 50% more than Romania

Primary education, teachers per 1000 2.22
Ranked 128th.
5.49
Ranked 49th. 2 times more than Romania

Pupil-teacher ratio, primary 17.37
Ranked 75th. 22% more than United States
14.29
Ranked 98th.

Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary 12.96
Ranked 61st.
14.49
Ranked 56th. 12% more than Romania

Secondary education, duration > Years 8
Ranked 6th. 33% more than United States
6
Ranked 102nd.

Children out of school, primary, female per 1000 2.47
Ranked 50th.
2.5
Ranked 48th. 2% more than Romania

College and university > Gender ratio 134.3
Ranked 33th.
140.06
Ranked 29th. 4% more than Romania

Child care (preschool) > Duration 4
Ranked 8th. 33% more than United States
3
Ranked 47th.

Secondary education > Teachers > Per capita 7.27 per 1,000 people
Ranked 38th. 32% more than United States
5.5 per 1,000 people
Ranked 65th.

Duration of compulsory education 8 years
Ranked 103th.
12 years
Ranked 10th. 50% more than Romania
Secondary education, pupils 1.78 million
Ranked 36th.
24.21 million
Ranked 4th. 14 times more than Romania

College and university > Private school share 31.31%
Ranked 43th. 12% more than United States
27.95%
Ranked 46th.

Girls to boys ratio > Primary level enrolment 0.98
Ranked 85th.
0.99
Ranked 49th. 1% more than Romania

School life expectancy > Total 11.6 years
Ranked 50th.
15.2 years
Ranked 14th. 31% more than Romania
Primary education, teachers 47,560
Ranked 50th.
1.71 million
Ranked 5th. 36 times more than Romania

Primary education, pupils 825,962
Ranked 71st.
24.43 million
Ranked 5th. 30 times more than Romania

Tertiary enrollment 27.3%
Ranked 47th.
72.6%
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than Romania
Spending per student > College and university 26.68
Ranked 27th. 21% more than United States
22.04
Ranked 37th.

High school > Gender ratio 98.98
Ranked 65th.
99.5
Ranked 59th. 1% more than Romania

Compulsary education starting age 7
Ranked 13th. 17% more than United States
6
Ranked 66th.

Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary per million 0.606
Ranked 79th. 13 times more than United States
0.0465
Ranked 96th.

Literacy > Definition age 15 and over can read and write age 15 and over can read and write
High school > Upper secondary school duration 4
Ranked 17th. 33% more than United States
3
Ranked 73th.

Literacy > Male 99.1%
Ranked 20th. About the same as United States
99%
Ranked 28th.

Spending > USD 6.77 billion
Ranked 41st.
684.04 billion
Ranked 1st. 101 times more than Romania

High school > Private school share 1.82%
Ranked 105th.
8.27%
Ranked 86th. 5 times more than Romania

Spending > Proportion 3.4
Ranked 112th.
4.79
Ranked 54th. 41% more than Romania

Pupil-teacher ratio > Primary 17.48
Ranked 105th. 23% more than United States
14.21
Ranked 120th.

Child care (preschool) > Starting age 3
Ranked 96th. The same as United States
3
Ranked 103th.

Preschool enrollment rate 99.83
Ranked 88th. 1% more than United States
98.77
Ranked 94th.

Tertiary > Students studying abroad 28,283.51
Ranked 29th.
56,943.33
Ranked 6th. 2 times more than Romania

Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level 643,911
Ranked 32nd.
16.61 million
Ranked 1st. 26 times more than Romania

Literacy > Reading performance > Overall 424
Ranked 46th.
500
Ranked 15th. 18% more than Romania
Elementary (primary school) > Duration 4
Ranked 196th.
6
Ranked 59th. 50% more than Romania

Children out of school > Primary 46,827
Ranked 47th.
1.62 million
Ranked 2nd. 35 times more than Romania

Secondary education, teachers per 1000 6.41
Ranked 44th. 20% more than United States
5.36
Ranked 56th.

Secondary education, teachers 137,170
Ranked 21st.
1.67 million
Ranked 4th. 12 times more than Romania

Child care (preschool) > Students per teacher 18.04
Ranked 46th. 21% more than United States
14.96
Ranked 64th.

High school > Lower secondary school duration 4
Ranked 32nd. 33% more than United States
3
Ranked 105th.

Children out of school, primary, male per 1000 2.4
Ranked 51st.
3.14
Ranked 43th. 31% more than Romania

Spending per student > High school 16.98
Ranked 41st.
24.56
Ranked 18th. 45% more than Romania

Secondary education, general pupils 1.2 million
Ranked 39th.
24.21 million
Ranked 3rd. 20 times more than Romania

High school > Gender parity index 0.989
Ranked 83th.
1.01
Ranked 68th. 2% more than Romania

Literacy > Reading performance > Overall reading skills 424
Ranked 46th.
500
Ranked 15th. 18% more than Romania
Scientific and technical journal articles 988
Ranked 41st.
211,233
Ranked 1st. 214 times more than Romania

Literacy > Reading performance > Access and retrieve 423
Ranked 47th.
492
Ranked 25th. 16% more than Romania
College and university > Teachers > Proportion of teachers female 46%
Ranked 8th.
47%
Ranked 7th. 2% more than Romania
Tertiary > Students studying abroad proportion 3.24%
Ranked 78th. 12 times more than United States
0.271%
Ranked 124th.

Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level per 1000 29.53
Ranked 50th.
57.75
Ranked 4th. 96% more than Romania

Scouting > Genders admitted both both for Venturing, boys only for non-Venturing
Elementary (primary school) > Starting age 7
Ranked 15th. 17% more than United States
6
Ranked 77th.

Children out of school, primary, male 51,226
Ranked 31st.
976,866
Ranked 3rd. 19 times more than Romania

Education expenditure of government > As percentage of GNI 3.5%
Ranked 86th.
5.9%
Ranked 23th. 69% more than Romania

High school > Students per teacher 12.96
Ranked 63th.
14.49
Ranked 57th. 12% more than Romania

Secondary education > General pupils 1.48 million
Ranked 39th.
24.19 million
Ranked 3rd. 16 times more than Romania

Spending per student > Elementary school 20.39
Ranked 24th.
22.35
Ranked 18th. 10% more than Romania

Secondary school starting age > Years 11
Ranked 146th.
12
Ranked 59th. 9% more than Romania

High school starting age > Years 11
Ranked 129th.
12
Ranked 55th. 9% more than Romania

Primary education > Teachers > Per capita 2.65 per 1,000 people
Ranked 131st.
5.88 per 1,000 people
Ranked 44th. 2 times more than Romania

Education enrolment by level > Primary level 990,807
Ranked 73th.
24.85 million
Ranked 4th. 25 times more than Romania

High school > Population with at least high school education > Women 83.4%
Ranked 32nd.
94.7%
Ranked 14th. 14% more than Romania

Elementary school graduate rate 93.29
Ranked 42nd.
95.34
Ranked 40th. 2% more than Romania

Schools connected to the Internet 57%
Ranked 22nd.
100%
Ranked 2nd. 75% more than Romania

Public spending per student > Primary level 19.9
Ranked 4th. 11% more than United States
17.9
Ranked 21st.
Primary education, pupils per 1000 38.62
Ranked 147th.
78.41
Ranked 97th. 2 times more than Romania

Secondary education, pupils per 1000 83.13
Ranked 66th. 7% more than United States
77.71
Ranked 76th.

Girls to boys ratio > Tertiary level enrolment 1.26
Ranked 50th.
1.4
Ranked 22nd. 11% more than Romania

Girls to boys ratio > Secondary level enrolment 1.01
Ranked 75th.
1.02
Ranked 54th. 1% more than Romania

Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level > Per capita 29.53 per 1,000 people
Ranked 49th.
57.61 per 1,000 people
Ranked 4th. 95% more than Romania

Tertiary > Students studying abroad per thousand people 1.32
Ranked 103th. 7 times more than United States
0.183
Ranked 178th.

Outcomes > Secondary education > Duration > Years 8
Ranked 7th. 33% more than United States
6
Ranked 86th.

Teacher student ratio > High school 12.73
Ranked 57th.
14.38
Ranked 51st. 13% more than Romania

Children out of school > Primary per 1000 2.16
Ranked 81st.
5.54
Ranked 58th. 3 times more than Romania

Inequality adjusted index 0.779
Ranked 31st.
0.941
Ranked 3rd. 21% more than Romania
Class size > Age 13 18 students
Ranked 16th.
18.3 students
Ranked 15th. 2% more than Romania
Teacher student ratio > Elementary school 15.86
Ranked 91st. 16% more than United States
13.69
Ranked 102nd.

Elementary school > Enrolled students 865,175
Ranked 67th.
24.68 million
Ranked 3rd. 29 times more than Romania

Primary education > Duration > Years 4 years
Ranked 177th.
6 years
Ranked 54th. 50% more than Romania

Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$ per capita $2,631.21
Ranked 36th.
$33,005.49
Ranked 3rd. 13 times more than Romania

School enrolment rate > 1st grade 100.01
Ranked 70th.
105.99
Ranked 46th. 6% more than Romania

Secondary education, general pupils per 1000 55.95
Ranked 106th.
77.71
Ranked 47th. 39% more than Romania

Literacy > Reading performance > Integrate and interpret 425
Ranked 44th.
495
Ranked 20th. 16% more than Romania
High school > Lower secondary starting age 11
Ranked 150th.
12
Ranked 61st. 9% more than Romania

Elementary (primary) school) > Private school share 0.341%
Ranked 141st.
8.72%
Ranked 80th. 26 times more than Romania

Elementary school > Gender ratio 98.73
Ranked 60th.
100.68
Ranked 17th. 2% more than Romania

Education enrolment ratio > Net > Primary level 96%
Ranked 51st. 2% more than United States
94%
Ranked 71st.

Duration of education > Secondary level 8
Ranked 8th. 33% more than United States
6
Ranked 81st.
Public spending per student > Tertiary level 31.3
Ranked 7th. 31% more than United States
23.9
Ranked 8th.
Primary education > Pupils 1.01 million
Ranked 71st.
24.56 million
Ranked 4th. 24 times more than Romania

High school > Population with at least high school education > Men 90.5%
Ranked 28th.
94.3%
Ranked 22nd. 4% more than Romania

Education enrolment by level > Secondary level > Per capita 101.73 per 1,000 people
Ranked 46th. 23% more than United States
82.72 per 1,000 people
Ranked 88th.

Education enrolment by level > Percentage girls > Tertiary level 54.3%
Ranked 51st.
56.64%
Ranked 34th. 4% more than Romania

Secondary education, vocational pupils 581,355
Ranked 16th.
0.0
Ranked 96th.

Elementary (primary) school > Students per teacher 17.37
Ranked 75th. 22% more than United States
14.29
Ranked 100th.

Spending on education > Proportion spent on all staff salaries 74.83%
Ranked 46th.
77.19%
Ranked 38th. 3% more than Romania

Secondary education > Teachers 157,682
Ranked 27th.
1.62 million
Ranked 3rd. 10 times more than Romania

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary 14 years
Ranked 41st.
16 years
Ranked 15th. 14% more than Romania
Education enrolment by level > Secondary level 2.22 million
Ranked 36th.
23.85 million
Ranked 4th. 11 times more than Romania

Scientific and technical journal articles per million 45.44
Ranked 53th.
728.12
Ranked 13th. 16 times more than Romania

Literacy > Reading performance > Continuous texts 423
Ranked 46th.
500
Ranked 13th. 18% more than Romania
Literacy > Reading performance > Non-continuous texts 424
Ranked 43th.
503
Ranked 14th. 19% more than Romania
Duration of education > Primary level 4
Ranked 158th.
6
Ranked 51st. 50% more than Romania
Participation > Children out of school > Elementary 30,187
Ranked 56th.
1.71 million
Ranked 4th. 57 times more than Romania

Participation > Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education 98.89%
Ranked 68th.
100.09%
Ranked 51st. 1% more than Romania

Public spending per student > Secondary level 8.7
Ranked 9th.
22.4
Ranked 28th. 3 times more than Romania
Education enrolment by level > Percentage girls > Primary level 48.26%
Ranked 100th.
48.86%
Ranked 40th. 1% more than Romania

Children out of school > Primary > Per capita 2.16 per 1,000 people
Ranked 82nd.
5.52 per 1,000 people
Ranked 57th. 3 times more than Romania

Literacy > Reading performance > Reflect and evaluate 426
Ranked 46th.
512
Ranked 8th. 20% more than Romania
Education enrolment ratio > Net > Primary level > Women 96%
Ranked 49th. 2% more than United States
94%
Ranked 66th.

High school > Upper secondary starting age 15
Ranked 86th. The same as United States
15
Ranked 90th.

Elementary school starting age > Years 7
Ranked 16th. 17% more than United States
6
Ranked 73th.

Elementary school repeaters > All 1.71
Ranked 77th.
0.0
Ranked 116th.

School life expectancy > Male 11.5 years
Ranked 55th.
14.8 years
Ranked 17th. 29% more than Romania
Secondary education > General pupils > Per capita 68.34 per 1,000 people
Ranked 84th.
82.36 per 1,000 people
Ranked 51st. 21% more than Romania

Education enrolment by level > Primary level > Per capita 0.045 per capita
Ranked 154th.
0.086 per capita
Ranked 119th. 91% more than Romania

Education enrolment by level > Primary level per 1000 45.44
Ranked 158th.
86.39
Ranked 118th. 90% more than Romania

Education enrolment ratio > Net > Primary level > Men 96%
Ranked 47th. 3% more than United States
93%
Ranked 66th.

Pupils-teacher ratio > Primary level 19.6
Ranked 15th. 27% more than United States
15.4
Ranked 115th.
Elementary (primary school) > Teachers > Proportion of teachers female 86%
Ranked 10th.
87%
Ranked 8th. 1% more than Romania
Primary education > Teachers 57,536
Ranked 54th.
1.73 million
Ranked 3rd. 30 times more than Romania

Education enrolment by level > Percentage girls > Secondary level 49.39%
Ranked 73th. 1% more than United States
48.72%
Ranked 92nd.

Students from households with computer > Age 13 17%
Ranked 25th.
54%
Ranked 13th. 3 times more than Romania
Private school enrolment > Primary level 0.1
Ranked 96th.
11.6
Ranked 33th. 116 times more than Romania
Outcomes > Primary education > Duration > Years 4
Ranked 164th.
6
Ranked 49th. 50% more than Romania

Primary education > Teachers per 1000 2.65
Ranked 132nd.
5.9
Ranked 45th. 2 times more than Romania

Children out of school > Primary > Female > Per capita 1.09 per 1,000 people
Ranked 82nd.
3.5 per 1,000 people
Ranked 47th. 3 times more than Romania

Female enrolment share > Primary level 48.3%
Ranked 89th.
48.7%
Ranked 42nd. 1% more than Romania
Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$ $56.12 billion
Ranked 24th.
$10.28 trillion
Ranked 1st. 183 times more than Romania

Primary school starting age > Years 7
Ranked 14th. 17% more than United States
6
Ranked 77th.

Scouting > Members 2,629
Ranked 115th.
2.99 million
Ranked 3rd. 1137 times more than Romania
Elementary (primary) school) > Proportion spent on all staff salaries 88.07%
Ranked 30th. 8% more than United States
81.55%
Ranked 48th.

High school > Share of total education spending 35.72%
Ranked 48th. 1% more than United States
35.42%
Ranked 52nd.

Enrolment ratio > Secondary level 79.6%
Ranked 28th.
88.1%
Ranked 17th. 11% more than Romania
Participation > Secondary education > General pupils 1.28 million
Ranked 37th.
24.69 million
Ranked 2nd. 19 times more than Romania

Secondary education > Teachers per 1000 7.27
Ranked 38th. 32% more than United States
5.52
Ranked 66th.

Secondary education > General pupils per 1000 68.34
Ranked 83th.
82.6
Ranked 48th. 21% more than Romania

Ratio of female to male primary enrollment 98.37
Ranked 75th. 1% more than United States
97.22
Ranked 93th.

Children out of school > Primary > Male 23,180
Ranked 47th.
593,372
Ranked 5th. 26 times more than Romania

Elementary (primary) school > Gender parity index 0.989
Ranked 77th.
0.991
Ranked 69th. About the same as Romania

Female enrolment share > Secondary level 49.3%
Ranked 67th. 1% more than United States
49%
Ranked 73th.
Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary > Teachers > Women 786
Ranked 12th.
25,000
Ranked 1st. 32 times more than Romania

Private school enrolment > Secondary level 0.0
Ranked 89th.
9.6
Ranked 12th.
Education enrolment by level > Secondary level per 1000 101.73
Ranked 46th. 23% more than United States
82.94
Ranked 90th.

Scouting > Members per thousand people 0.123
Ranked 153th.
9.52
Ranked 14th. 77 times more than Romania
School life expectancy > Female 11.6 years
Ranked 51st.
15.7 years
Ranked 11th. 35% more than Romania
Elementary school repeaters > Male 2.02
Ranked 77th.
0.0
Ranked 113th.

Elementary school repeaters > Female 1.37
Ranked 78th.
0.0
Ranked 112th.

Children out of school > Primary > Male > Per capita 1.07 per 1,000 people
Ranked 81st.
2.02 per 1,000 people
Ranked 67th. 89% more than Romania

High school teachers 151,981
Ranked 21st.
1.72 million
Ranked 2nd. 11 times more than Romania

Elementary school teachers 54,550
Ranked 49th.
1.8 million
Ranked 2nd. 33 times more than Romania

Teacher qualifications > Years experience > Age 13 26.2 years experience
Ranked 11th.
27 years experience
Ranked 10th. 3% more than Romania
Students from households with computer > Age 13 per million 0.78%
Ranked 23th. 4 times more than United States
0.188%
Ranked 27th.
Students from households with more than 25 books > Age 13 49%
Ranked 26th.
75%
Ranked 16th. 53% more than Romania
Teacher qualifications > Share with special training > Age 13 92%
Ranked 15th.
97%
Ranked 6th. 5% more than Romania
Students from households with study desk > Age 13 68%
Ranked 27th.
87%
Ranked 21st. 28% more than Romania
Participation > Secondary education > Pupils 2.09 million
Ranked 30th.
24.43 million
Ranked 3rd. 12 times more than Romania

Primary education > Pupils per 1000 46.37
Ranked 158th.
83.88
Ranked 115th. 81% more than Romania

Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment 101.14
Ranked 65th.
101.63
Ranked 58th. About the same as Romania

Students from households with calculator > Age 13 58%
Ranked 28th.
96%
Ranked 17th. 66% more than Romania
Pupils-teacher ratio > Secondary level 12.5
Ranked 93th.
14.9
Ranked 79th. 19% more than Romania
International Mathematical Olympiad > Results for the 2006 IMO > Points 152
Ranked 6th.
154
Ranked 5th. 1% more than Romania
Students from households with more than 25 books > Age 13 per million 2.25%
Ranked 21st. 9 times more than United States
0.261%
Ranked 28th.
Students from households with dictionary > Age 13 55%
Ranked 28th.
95%
Ranked 17th. 73% more than Romania
Students living with mother > Age 13 82%
Ranked 28th.
90%
Ranked 26th. 10% more than Romania
Students whose mothers have secondary education > Age 13 39% 75%
Efficiency > Net intake rate in grade 1 > Female > % of official school-age population 77.08%
Ranked 25th.
81.24%
Ranked 18th. 5% more than Romania

Elementary school graduate rate > Male 93.06
Ranked 35th.
100
Ranked 3rd. 7% more than Romania

Efficiency > Net intake rate in grade 1 > Male > % of official school-age population 77.96%
Ranked 21st. 5% more than United States
73.96%
Ranked 27th.

Elementary school > Enrolled students > % female 48.31%
Ranked 86th.
48.92%
Ranked 37th. 1% more than Romania

Elementary school teachers > % female 85.94%
Ranked 30th. About the same as United States
85.64%
Ranked 32nd.

Participation > Secondary education > Vocational pupils > % female 43.13%
Ranked 49th.
0.0
Ranked 111th.

Participation > Total enrollment > Primary > Male > % net 96.43%
Ranked 34th. 4% more than United States
92.62%
Ranked 60th.

Preschool enrollment rate > Female 73.63
Ranked 46th. 28% more than United States
57.63
Ranked 64th.

Preschool enrollment rate > Male 73.01
Ranked 48th. 26% more than United States
57.98
Ranked 63th.

School enrolment rate > 1st grade > Female 99.27
Ranked 74th.
108.63
Ranked 38th. 9% more than Romania

School enrolment rate > 1st grade > Male 100.71
Ranked 70th.
103.49
Ranked 59th. 3% more than Romania

Services, etc., value added > % of GDP 61.47%
Ranked 40th.
79.4%
Ranked 11th. 29% more than Romania

Unemployment with secondary education, male > % of male unemployment 61.1%
Ranked 16th. 63% more than United States
37.6%
Ranked 57th.

Unemployment with primary education, male > % of male unemployment 31.5%
Ranked 48th. 56% more than United States
20.2%
Ranked 66th.

Labor force with tertiary education, male > % of male labor force 15.5%
Ranked 40th.
35%
Ranked 4th. 2 times more than Romania

Unemployment with tertiary education, female > % of female unemployment 11.2%
Ranked 70th.
51.9%
Ranked 4th. 5 times more than Romania

Unemployment with tertiary education, male > % of male unemployment 4.2%
Ranked 79th.
42.2%
Ranked 2nd. 10 times more than Romania

School enrollment > Preprimary > % gross 75.57% gross
Ranked 49th. 22% more than United States
61.93% gross
Ranked 62nd.

Students whose father has secondary education 40% 70%
Ratio of female to male enrollments in tertiary education 126.48
Ranked 45th.
139.19
Ranked 29th. 10% more than Romania

Government spending on education > % of GDP 4.24%
Ranked 82nd.
5.62%
Ranked 39th. 33% more than Romania

Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Female > % net 90.05%
Ranked 66th.
92.61%
Ranked 54th. 3% more than Romania

Government spending on education > % of government spending 11.78%
Ranked 53th.
14.13%
Ranked 35th. 20% more than Romania

Participation > School enrollment > Primary > Female > % gross 99.17%
Ranked 87th. The same as United States
99.11%
Ranked 89th.

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 14 years
Ranked 41st.
16 years
Ranked 25th. 14% more than Romania
Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education > % 98.28%
Ranked 78th.
100.42%
Ranked 47th. 2% more than Romania

School enrollment, preprimary, female > % gross 78.35%
Ranked 52nd. 8% more than United States
72.28%
Ranked 62nd.

School enrollment, preprimary, male > % gross 77.55%
Ranked 51st. 4% more than United States
74.31%
Ranked 60th.

Secondary education, pupils > % female 48.34%
Ranked 78th.
48.86%
Ranked 62nd. 1% more than Romania

Expenditure per student, primary > % of GDP per capita 19.61%
Ranked 32nd.
22.93%
Ranked 23th. 17% more than Romania

Secondary education, vocational pupils per 1000 27.19
Ranked 14th.
0.0
Ranked 96th.

Secondary education, teachers, female per 1000 4.39
Ranked 34th. 34% more than United States
3.28
Ranked 51st.

School enrollment > Secondary > % gross 85.09% gross
Ranked 77th.
94.68% gross
Ranked 44th. 11% more than Romania

Adjusted savings: education expenditure > % of GNI 3.36%
Ranked 113th.
4.79%
Ranked 59th. 43% more than Romania

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Male 14 years
Ranked 37th.
15 years
Ranked 24th. 7% more than Romania
Ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment > % 132.63%
Ranked 42nd.
138.98%
Ranked 35th. 5% more than Romania

Persistence to last grade of primary, total > % of cohort 94.77%
Ranked 44th. 2% more than United States
93.08%
Ranked 58th.

School enrollment, primary > % gross 96.11%
Ranked 116th.
98.78%
Ranked 107th. 3% more than Romania

School enrollment > Secondary > Female > % gross 85.59% gross
Ranked 75th.
95.47% gross
Ranked 47th. 12% more than Romania

School enrollment, primary, male > % net 88.39%
Ranked 75th.
91.29%
Ranked 62nd. 3% more than Romania

Persistence to last grade of primary, female > % of cohort 95.01%
Ranked 46th. 8% more than United States
87.88%
Ranked 62nd.

Repeaters, primary, male > % of male enrollment 1.9%
Ranked 77th.
0.0
Ranked 136th.

SOURCES: UNESCO Institute for Statistics; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homeschooling_international_status_and_statistics; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; World Development Indicators database; UNESCO; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; Source: UNESCO UIS Data | UNESCO Institute for Statistics; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; World Bank staff estimates using data from the United Nations Statistics Division's Statistical Yearbook, and the UNESCO Institute for Statistics online database.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; Wikipedia: List of countries by student performance (Reading); UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; Source: UNESCO UIS Data | UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: List of World Organization of the Scout Movement members (Table of World Organization of the Scout Movement members); UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; United Nations Development Programme. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Development Programme. Source tables; "Efficiency and Equity in Schools around the World" by Eric A. Hanushek and Javier A. Luque, April 2002; World Bank national accounts data. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; World Bank national accounts data; "WOSM MEMBERSHIP as at 31st December 2012". World Organization of the Scout Movement. August 2013.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; Wikipedia: List of World Organization of the Scout Movement members (Table of World Organization of the Scout Movement members) ("WOSM MEMBERSHIP as at 31st December 2012" . World Organization of the Scout Movement . Retrieved 2014-03-03 .). Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; "Efficiency and Equity in Schools around the World" by Eric A. Hanushek and Javier A. Luque, April 2002. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: International Mathematical Olympiad; International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.; United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.; World Bank staff estimates

Citation

Adblocker detected! Please consider reading this notice.

We've detected that you are using AdBlock Plus or some other adblocking software which is preventing the page from fully loading.

We don't have any banner, Flash, animation, obnoxious sound, or popup ad. We do not implement these annoying types of ads!

We need money to operate the site, and almost all of it comes from our online advertising.

Please add www.nationmaster.com to your ad blocking whitelist or disable your adblocking software.

×