×

Labor Stats: compare key data on Switzerland & United Kingdom

Definitions

  • Agricultural workers > Male: Proportion of employed males engaged in the agricultural sector. Employment by economic activity (%) (most recent year available between 1995 and 2001). Note: As a result of a number of limitations in the data, comparisons of labour statistics over time and across countries should be made with caution. For detailed notes on the data see ILO (2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; 2002. Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002. February 2002; and 2002. Laboursta Database. February 2002). The percentage shares of employment by economic activity may not sum to 100 because of rounding or the omission of activities not classified.
  • Employment rate > Adults: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Expense > Current LCU: Expense (current LCU). Expense is cash payments for operating activities of the government in providing goods and services. It includes compensation of employees (such as wages and salaries), interest and subsidies, grants, social benefits, and other expenses such as rent and dividends.
  • GNI > Current US$: GNI (current US$). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Hours worked > Standard workweek: Standard workweek (hours).
  • Labor force: The total labor force figure
  • Labor force > By occupation: Component parts of the labor force by occupation.
  • Labor force > By occupation > Agriculture: This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by occupation. The distribution will total less than 100 percent if the data are incomplete.
  • Labor force > By occupation > Industry: This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by occupation. The distribution will total less than 100 percent if the data are incomplete.
  • Labor force > By occupation > Services: This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by occupation. The distribution will total less than 100 percent if the data are incomplete.
  • Labor force, total: Labor force, total. Total labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector.
  • Rigidity of employment index: The rigidity of employment index measures the regulation of employment, specifically the hiring and firing of workers and the rigidity of working hours. This index is the average of three subindexes: a difficulty of hiring index, a rigidity of hours index, and a difficulty of firing index. The index ranges from 0 to 100, with higher values indicating more rigid regulations.
  • Salaries and benefits > Minimum wage: Minimum wage.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Trade union membership: Union members as % of all employees. Figures are for 2000.
  • Unemployment rate: The percent of the labor force that is without jobs. Substantial underemployment might be noted.
  • Strikes: Strikes five-year average in days not worked per 1000 employees (1996-2000)
  • Female doctors: Female doctors as % of the total - 2000.
  • Labor force per 1000: The total labor force figure. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • GNI > Current US$ per capita: GNI (current US$). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Male retirement age: Men.

    Denmark had range specified: 65-67

    Finland had range specified: 62-68

    Netherlands had range specified: 65-67

    Sweden had range specified: 61-67

    United States had range specified: 62-67

  • Female retirement age: Women.

    China had range specified: 50-55

    Czech Republic had range specified: 59-63

    Denmark had range specified: 65-67

    Finland had range specified: 62-68

    Greece had range specified: 60-67

    Netherlands had range specified: 65-67

    Sweden had range specified: 61-67

    United States had range specified: 62-67

  • Labor force, total per 1000: Labor force, total. Total labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Both sexes: Percentage of unemployed people out of total population able to work. Workers not able to work due to labor disputes, sickness and childcare do not count towards the percentage. 
  • Firing cost > Weeks of wages: Firing cost is the cost of advance notice requirements, severance payments, and penalties due when terminating a redundant worker, expressed in weekly wages. One month is recorded as 4 1/3 weeks.
  • GNI per capita > Constant LCU: GNI per capita (constant LCU). GNI per capita is gross national income divided by midyear population. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in constant local currency.
  • Expense > Current LCU per capita: Expense (current LCU). Expense is cash payments for operating activities of the government in providing goods and services. It includes compensation of employees (such as wages and salaries), interest and subsidies, grants, social benefits, and other expenses such as rent and dividends. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Employment rate > Women: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Labor force > Total: Total labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organisation definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector."
  • Industrial workers > Male: Proportion of employed males engaged in the industrial sector. Employment by economic activity (%) (most recent year available between 1995 and 2001). Note: As a result of a number of limitations in the data, comparisons of labour statistics over time and across countries should be made with caution. For detailed notes on the data see ILO (2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; 2002. Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002. February 2002; and 2002. Laboursta Database. February 2002). The percentage shares of employment by economic activity may not sum to 100 because of rounding or the omission of activities not classified.
  • Employment rate > Men: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men: Employment-to-population ratio, men, percentage.
  • Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Men: Percentage of unemployed men out of total male population able to work. Men not able to work due to labor disputes, sickness and childcare do not count towards the percentage.
  • Compensation of employees > Current LCU: Compensation of employees consists of all payments in cash, as well as in kind (such as food and housing), to employees in return for services rendered, and government contributions to social insurance schemes such as social security and pensions that provide benefits to employees.
  • Unemployment > Long-term unemployment rate: Long-term unemployment refers to the number of people with continuous periods of unemployment extending for a year or longer, expressed as a percentage of the total unemployed."
  • Force > Total > Per capita: Total labor force comprises people who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Force > Total: Total labor force comprises people who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector.
  • Female decision makers: Female legislators, senior officials and managers (as % of total). Data refer to the latest year available during the period 1991-2000. Those for countries that have implemented the recent International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO-88) are not strictly comparable with those for countries using the previous classification (ISCO-68).
  • Agricultural workers > Female: Proportion of employed females engaged in the agricultural sector. Employment by economic activity (%) (most recent year available between 1995 and 2001). Note: As a result of a number of limitations in the data, comparisons of labour statistics over time and across countries should be made with caution. For detailed notes on the data see ILO (2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; 2002. Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002. February 2002; and 2002. Laboursta Database. February 2002). The percentage shares of employment by economic activity may not sum to 100 because of rounding or the omission of activities not classified.
  • Employment > Percent of population are employees > Women: Number of female self-reported employees (formal or informal), expressed as a percentage of the total female employed population.
  • Employment > Employment share by sector > Industry > Men > Aged above 14: Percent employed in industry.
  • Unemployment > Youth unemployment, both sexes: Percentage of population aged 15-24 that is unemployed. 
  • Unemployment > Regional unemployment > National unemployment rate: Unemployed persons are defined as those who report that they are without work, that they are available for work and that they have taken active steps to find work in the last four weeks preceding the survey. The ILO Guidelines specify what actions count as active steps to find work and these include answering vacancy notices, visiting factories, construction sites and other places of work, and placing advertisements in the press as well as registering with labour offices.

    The unemployment rate is defined as the number of unemployed persons as a percentage of the labour force, where the latter consists of unemployed and employed persons.

    When unemployment is high, some persons become discouraged and stop looking for work. They are then excluded from the labour force so that the unemployment rate may fall, or stop rising, even though there has been no underlying improvement in the labour market.

    The Gini index offers an accurate picture of regional disparities. It looks not only at the regions with the highest and the lowest rates of unemployment but also at the differences among all regions. The index ranges between 0 and 1: the higher its value, the larger the regional disparities. Regional disparities tend to be underestimated when the size of regions is large.

    The youth unemployment rate is defined as the ratio between the unemployed person aged between 15 and 24 and the labour force in the same age group.
  • GNI > Current LCU: GNI (current LCU). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current local currency.
  • Unemployment: Unemployed as proportion of the total labour force. Data for 2000-2002.
  • Employment > Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Women: Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week.

    Self-employed persons include employers, own-account workers, members of producers’ co-operatives, and unpaid family workers. The last of these are unpaid in the sense that they do not have a formal contract to receive a fixed amount of income at regular intervals, but they share in the income generated by the enterprise; unpaid family workers are particularly important in farming and retail trade. Note that all persons who work in corporate enterprises, including company directors, are considered to be employees.

    The rates shown here are the percentages of the self-employed in total civilian employment i.e., total employment less military employees.
  • Female economic activity: Female economic activity rate (aged 15 and above) in 2000.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women: Employment-to-population ratio, women, percentage.
  • Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Women: Percentage of unemployed women out of total female population able to work. Women not able to work due to labor disputes, sickness and childcare do not count towards the percentage.
  • Self employed > One-person and family businesses > Women: Proportion of own-account and contributing family workers in total employment, women, percentage.
  • Labor force > Per capita: The total labor force figure Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Days off work: Number of days not worked for every 1000 salaried employees. Selected OECD countries only. Data for 2000.
  • Industrial workers > Female: Proportion of employed females engaged in the industrial sector. Employment by economic activity (%) (most recent year available between 1995 and 2001). Note: As a result of a number of limitations in the data, comparisons of labour statistics over time and across countries should be made with caution. For detailed notes on the data see ILO (2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; 2002. Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002. February 2002; and 2002. Laboursta Database. February 2002). The percentage shares of employment by economic activity may not sum to 100 because of rounding or the omission of activities not classified.
  • Work Time > More than 40 hours: Percentage of persons in employment working more than 40 hours/week. Data is for 2000.
  • Employment rate > Young adults: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Female professionals: Female professional and technical workers (as % of total)
  • Net income from abroad > Current US$: Net income from abroad (current US$). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Unemployment gender ratio: Female unemployment rate as a % of the male unemployment rate.
  • Part time employment rate > Men > Aged above 14: Percent of males over the age of 14 years who work less than 30 hours a week (either as employees or self-employed) as a percentage of all males in employment.
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ per capita: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Employment > Employment rates by gender > Employment rates > Men: Employment rates are calculated as the ratio of the employed to the working age population. To calculate this employment rate, the population of working age is divided into two groups: those who are employed and those who are not. Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week. Those not in employment consist of persons who are out of work but seeking employment, students and all others who have excluded themselves from the labour force for one reason or another, such as incapacity or the need to look after young children or elderly relatives.

    Working age is generally defined as persons in the 15 to 64 age bracket although in some countries working age is defined as 16 to 64.
  • Rigidity of employment index > 0=less rigid to 100=more rigid: The rigidity of employment index measures the regulation of employment, specifically the hiring and firing of workers and the rigidity of working hours. This index is the average of three subindexes: a difficulty of hiring index, a rigidity of hours index, and a difficulty of firing index. The index ranges from 0 to 100, with higher values indicating more rigid regulations."
  • Employment > Employment share by sector > Agriculture > Men > Aged above 14: Percent employed in agriculture.
  • Employment > Percent of population are employees > Men: Number of male self-reported employees (formal or informal), expressed as a percentage of the total male employed population.
  • Service workers > Male: Proportion of employed males engaged in the service sector. Employment by economic activity (%) (most recent year available between 1995 and 2001). Note: As a result of a number of limitations in the data, comparisons of labour statistics over time and across countries should be made with caution. For detailed notes on the data see ILO (2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; 2002. Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002. February 2002; and 2002. Laboursta Database. February 2002). The percentage shares of employment by economic activity may not sum to 100 because of rounding or the omission of activities not classified.
  • Female economic activity growth: The % change in the female economic activity rate (aged 15 and above) from 1990 to 2000.
  • Self employed > One-person and family businesses > Men: Proportion of own-account and contributing family workers in total employment, men, percentage.
  • Employment rate > Young men: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Employment rate > Young women: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ > Per capita: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Unemployment > Unemployment rates > Unemployment rates > Total: Unemployed persons are defined as those who report that they are without work, that they are available for work and that they have taken active steps to find work in the last four weeks. The ILO Guidelines specify what actions count as active steps to find work and these include answering vacancy notices, visiting factories, construction sites and other places of work, and placing advertisements in the press as well as registering with labour offices.

    The unemployment rate is defined as the number of unemployed persons as a percentage of the labour force, where the latter consists of the unemployed plus those in employment, which are defined as persons who have worked for one hour or more in the last week.

    When unemployment is high, some persons become discouraged and stop looking for work. They are then excluded from the labour force so that the unemployment rate may fall, or stop rising, even though there has been no underlying improvement in the labour market.
  • Employment > Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Total: Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week.

    Self-employed persons include employers, own-account workers, members of producers’ co-operatives, and unpaid family workers. The last of these are unpaid in the sense that they do not have a formal contract to receive a fixed amount of income at regular intervals, but they share in the income generated by the enterprise; unpaid family workers are particularly important in farming and retail trade. Note that all persons who work in corporate enterprises, including company directors, are considered to be employees.

    The rates shown here are the percentages of the self-employed in total civilian employment i.e., total employment less military employees.
  • GDP per person employed > Constant 1990 PPP $: GDP per person employed is gross domestic product (GDP) divided by total employment in the economy. Purchasing power parity (PPP) GDP is GDP converted to 1990 constant international dollars using PPP rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GDP that a U.S. dollar has in the United States.
  • GNI > Constant LCU: GNI (constant LCU). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in constant local currency.
  • GNI per capita > Constant 2000 US$: GNI per capita (constant 2000 US$). GNI per capita is gross national income divided by midyear population. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars.
  • GNI > Constant LCU per capita: GNI (constant LCU). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in constant local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Service workers > Female: Proportion of employed females engaged in the service sector. Employment by economic activity (%) (most recent year available between 1995 and 2001). Note: As a result of a number of limitations in the data, comparisons of labour statistics over time and across countries should be made with caution. For detailed notes on the data see ILO (2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; 2002. Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002. February 2002; and 2002. Laboursta Database. February 2002). The percentage shares of employment by economic activity may not sum to 100 because of rounding or the omission of activities not classified.
  • Long term unemployment: Long term unemployment as a % of labour force, 2000. Long term implies 12 months or longer.
  • Employment > Percent of population are employers > Women: Number of female self-reported employers (self-employed with paid employees), expressed as a percentage of the total female employed population.
  • Part time employment rate > Women > Aged above 14: Percent of females over the age of 14 years who work less than 30 hours a week (either as employees or self-employed) as a percentage of all females in employment.
  • Employment > Employment share by sector > Agriculture > Women > Aged above 14: Percent employed in agriculture.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men aged above 14: Employment-to-population ratio.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women aged above 14: Employment-to-population ratio.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women aged 15 to 24: Employment-to-population ratio.
  • Unemployment > Youth unemployment, male: Percentage of male population aged 15-24 that is unemployed. 
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration.
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ > Per $ GDP: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Foreign labor force: Foreign labour force 2000
  • Unemployment > Regional unemployment > National unemployment rate per million: Unemployed persons are defined as those who report that they are without work, that they are available for work and that they have taken active steps to find work in the last four weeks preceding the survey. The ILO Guidelines specify what actions count as active steps to find work and these include answering vacancy notices, visiting factories, construction sites and other places of work, and placing advertisements in the press as well as registering with labour offices.

    The unemployment rate is defined as the number of unemployed persons as a percentage of the labour force, where the latter consists of unemployed and employed persons.

    When unemployment is high, some persons become discouraged and stop looking for work. They are then excluded from the labour force so that the unemployment rate may fall, or stop rising, even though there has been no underlying improvement in the labour market.

    The Gini index offers an accurate picture of regional disparities. It looks not only at the regions with the highest and the lowest rates of unemployment but also at the differences among all regions. The index ranges between 0 and 1: the higher its value, the larger the regional disparities. Regional disparities tend to be underestimated when the size of regions is large.

    The youth unemployment rate is defined as the ratio between the unemployed person aged between 15 and 24 and the labour force in the same age group. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Unemployment > Long-term unemployment > Long-term unemployment: Long-term unemployment is conventionally defined either as those unemployed for 6 months or more or, as here, those unemployed for 12 months or more. The ratios calculated here show the proportion of these long-term unemployed among all unemployed.

    Unemployment is defined in most OECD countries in accordance with the ILO Guidelines. Unemployment is usually measured by household labour force surveys and the unemployed are defined as those persons who report that they have worked in gainful employment for less than one hour in the previous week, who are available for work and who have taken actions to seek employment in the previous four weeks. The ILO Guidelines specify the kinds of actions that count as seeking work.
  • Employment > Percent of population are employers > Men: Number of male self-reported employers (self-employed with paid employees), expressed as a percentage of the total male employed population.
  • Employment > Employment share by sector > Industry > Women > Aged above 14: Percent employed in industry.
  • Employment > Employment share by sector > Services > Men > Aged above 14: Percent employed in services.
  • Working time to buy > A car: Hours worked by average worker to buy a car. Indicative of the purchasing power of the currency of the country.
  • Technicians in RandD > Per million people: Technicians in R&D and equivalent staff are people whose main tasks require technical knowledge and experience in engineering, physical and life sciences (technicians), or social sciences and humanities (equivalent staff). They participate in R&D by performing scientific and technical tasks involving the application of concepts and operational methods, normally under the supervision of researchers.
  • Working time to buy > Chicken: Number of minutes worked by average worker to buy one kilo of chicken. The comparison of income levels only becomes meaningful if the cost of buying the necessities and luxuries of life is also considered.
  • Working time to buy > Milk: Number of minutes worked by average worker to buy 1 litre of milk.
  • Minimum Age Convention > 1973 > Ratifications > Minimum age: years
  • Employment rate of highly educated women: Employment rate of women aged 25-54, 2000, who are educated upto or more than tertiary level.
  • Unemployment and education > Tertiary: Unemployment rates among people of all ages who are educated to tertiary levels. Data is for 2000.
  • Researchers in labor force: Number of researchers per 10000 in the labour force (1999).
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > % of total unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with primary education > Male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with secondary education > Female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
  • Unemployment > Long-term unemployment rate > Female: Long-term unemployment refers to the number of people with continuous periods of unemployment extending for a year or longer, expressed as a percentage of the total unemployed."
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with primary education > Female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > Female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
  • Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Working time to buy > Beef: Number of minutes worked by average worker to buy one kilo of beef. The comparison of income levels only becomes meaningful if the cost of buying the necessities and luxuries of life is also considered.
  • Working time to buy > Bread: Number of minutes worked by average worker to buy bread.
  • Unemployment benefit as % of GDP: Expenditure on unemployment benefits as % of GDP (Year 1998).
  • Temporary employment share: Temporary employment, expressed as a percentage share of total dependent employment. Data for 2000
  • Net income from abroad > Current US$, % of GDP: Net income from abroad (current US$). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Net income from abroad > Constant LCU per million: Net income from abroad (constant LCU). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in constant local currency. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men aged 15 to 24: Employment-to-population ratio.
  • GNI growth > Annual %: GNI growth (annual %). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad.
  • GNI per capita > Current LCU: GNI per capita (current LCU). GNI per capita is gross national income divided by midyear population. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current local currency.
  • Net income from abroad > Constant LCU: Net income from abroad (constant LCU). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in constant local currency.
  • Part time employment, male > % of total male employment: Part time employment, male (% of total male employment). Part time employment refers to regular employment in which working time is substantially less than normal. Definitions of part time employment differ by country.
  • Part time employment, total > % of total employment: Part time employment, total (% of total employment). Part time employment refers to regular employment in which working time is substantially less than normal. Definitions of part time employment differ by country.
  • Unemployment, youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24: Unemployment, youth female (% of female labor force ages 15-24). Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Long-term unemployment, male > % of male unemployment: Long-term unemployment, male (% of male unemployment). Long-term unemployment refers to the number of people with continuous periods of unemployment extending for a year or longer, expressed as a percentage of the total unemployed.
  • Unemployment, female > % of female labor force: Unemployment, female (% of female labor force). Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Working time to buy > A television set: Hours worked by average worker to buy a television set. Indicative of the purchasing power of the currency of the country.
  • Working time to buy > A refrigerator: Hours worked by average worker to buy a refrigerator. Indicative of the purchasing power of the currency of the country.
  • Unemployment > Male > % of male labor force: Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Force with secondary education > % of total: Labor force with secondary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a secondary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Unemployment > Youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Long-term unemployment > Male > % of male unemployment: Long-term unemployment refers to the number of people with continuous periods of unemployment extending for a year or longer, expressed as a percentage of the total unemployed.
  • Compensation of employees > % of expense: Compensation of employees consists of all payments in cash, as well as in kind (such as food and housing), to employees in return for services rendered, and government contributions to social insurance schemes such as social security and pensions that provide benefits to employees.
  • Unemployment > Regional unemployment > Range in regional unemployment rate > Small regions > Maximum: Unemployed persons are defined as those who report that they are without work, that they are available for work and that they have taken active steps to find work in the last four weeks preceding the survey. The ILO Guidelines specify what actions count as active steps to find work and these include answering vacancy notices, visiting factories, construction sites and other places of work, and placing advertisements in the press as well as registering with labour offices.

    The unemployment rate is defined as the number of unemployed persons as a percentage of the labour force, where the latter consists of unemployed and employed persons.

    When unemployment is high, some persons become discouraged and stop looking for work. They are then excluded from the labour force so that the unemployment rate may fall, or stop rising, even though there has been no underlying improvement in the labour market.

    The Gini index offers an accurate picture of regional disparities. It looks not only at the regions with the highest and the lowest rates of unemployment but also at the differences among all regions. The index ranges between 0 and 1: the higher its value, the larger the regional disparities. Regional disparities tend to be underestimated when the size of regions is large.

    The youth unemployment rate is defined as the ratio between the unemployed person aged between 15 and 24 and the labour force in the same age group.
  • Unemployment > Regional unemployment > Range in regional unemployment rate > Small regions > Minimum: Unemployed persons are defined as those who report that they are without work, that they are available for work and that they have taken active steps to find work in the last four weeks preceding the survey. The ILO Guidelines specify what actions count as active steps to find work and these include answering vacancy notices, visiting factories, construction sites and other places of work, and placing advertisements in the press as well as registering with labour offices.

    The unemployment rate is defined as the number of unemployed persons as a percentage of the labour force, where the latter consists of unemployed and employed persons.

    When unemployment is high, some persons become discouraged and stop looking for work. They are then excluded from the labour force so that the unemployment rate may fall, or stop rising, even though there has been no underlying improvement in the labour market.

    The Gini index offers an accurate picture of regional disparities. It looks not only at the regions with the highest and the lowest rates of unemployment but also at the differences among all regions. The index ranges between 0 and 1: the higher its value, the larger the regional disparities. Regional disparities tend to be underestimated when the size of regions is large.

    The youth unemployment rate is defined as the ratio between the unemployed person aged between 15 and 24 and the labour force in the same age group.
  • Unemployment > Youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Force > Female > % of total labor force: Female labor force as a percentage of the total show the extent to which women are active in the labor force. Labor force comprises all people who meet the International Labour Organization's definition of the economically active population.
  • Working time to buy > Fish: Number of minutes worked by average worker to buy one kilo of fish. The comparison of income levels only becomes meaningful if the cost of buying the necessities and luxuries of life is also considered.
  • Employment > Employment rates by gender > Employment rates > Men per million: Employment rates are calculated as the ratio of the employed to the working age population. To calculate this employment rate, the population of working age is divided into two groups: those who are employed and those who are not. Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week. Those not in employment consist of persons who are out of work but seeking employment, students and all others who have excluded themselves from the labour force for one reason or another, such as incapacity or the need to look after young children or elderly relatives.

    Working age is generally defined as persons in the 15 to 64 age bracket although in some countries working age is defined as 16 to 64. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Employment > Part-time employment > Incidence of part-time employment per million: Part-time employment refers to persons who usually work less than 30 hours per week in their main job. Both employees and the self-employed may be part-time workers.

    Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week. The rates shown here refer to the numbers of persons who usually work less than 30 hours per week as a percentage of the total number of those in employment. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Unemployment with tertiary education > Female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > Male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
  • Employees > Industry > Female > % of female employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Industry corresponds to divisions 2-5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C-F (ISIC revision 3) and includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, and public utilities (electricity, gas, and water)."
  • Employment > Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Total per million: Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week.

    Self-employed persons include employers, own-account workers, members of producers’ co-operatives, and unpaid family workers. The last of these are unpaid in the sense that they do not have a formal contract to receive a fixed amount of income at regular intervals, but they share in the income generated by the enterprise; unpaid family workers are particularly important in farming and retail trade. Note that all persons who work in corporate enterprises, including company directors, are considered to be employees.

    The rates shown here are the percentages of the self-employed in total civilian employment i.e., total employment less military employees. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Employment > Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Women per million: Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week.

    Self-employed persons include employers, own-account workers, members of producers’ co-operatives, and unpaid family workers. The last of these are unpaid in the sense that they do not have a formal contract to receive a fixed amount of income at regular intervals, but they share in the income generated by the enterprise; unpaid family workers are particularly important in farming and retail trade. Note that all persons who work in corporate enterprises, including company directors, are considered to be employees.

    The rates shown here are the percentages of the self-employed in total civilian employment i.e., total employment less military employees. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Unemployment with tertiary education > % of total unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Unemployment with tertiary education > Male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Net income from abroad > Current US$ per million: Net income from abroad (current US$). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Employment in industry > % of total employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Industry corresponds to divisions 2-5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C-F (ISIC revision 3) and includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, and public utilities (electricity, gas, and water)."
  • Personal remittances, received > % of GDP: Personal remittances, received (% of GDP). Personal remittances comprise personal transfers and compensation of employees. Personal transfers consist of all current transfers in cash or in kind made or received by resident households to or from nonresident households. Personal transfers thus include all current transfers between resident and nonresident individuals. Compensation of employees refers to the income of border, seasonal, and other short-term workers who are employed in an economy where they are not resident and of residents employed by nonresident entities. Data are the sum of two items defined in the sixth edition of the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual: personal transfers and compensation of employees.
  • Net income from abroad > Current LCU: Net income from abroad (current LCU). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current local currency.
  • Temporary employment share per million: Temporary employment, expressed as a percentage share of total dependent employment. Data for 2000. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Unemployment > Long-term unemployment > Long-term unemployment per million: Long-term unemployment is conventionally defined either as those unemployed for 6 months or more or, as here, those unemployed for 12 months or more. The ratios calculated here show the proportion of these long-term unemployed among all unemployed.

    Unemployment is defined in most OECD countries in accordance with the ILO Guidelines. Unemployment is usually measured by household labour force surveys and the unemployed are defined as those persons who report that they have worked in gainful employment for less than one hour in the previous week, who are available for work and who have taken actions to seek employment in the previous four weeks. The ILO Guidelines specify the kinds of actions that count as seeking work. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Unemployment > Total > % of total labor force: Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment > Regional unemployment > Gini index of regional unemployment rates > Small regions: Unemployed persons are defined as those who report that they are without work, that they are available for work and that they have taken active steps to find work in the last four weeks preceding the survey. The ILO Guidelines specify what actions count as active steps to find work and these include answering vacancy notices, visiting factories, construction sites and other places of work, and placing advertisements in the press as well as registering with labour offices.

    The unemployment rate is defined as the number of unemployed persons as a percentage of the labour force, where the latter consists of unemployed and employed persons.

    When unemployment is high, some persons become discouraged and stop looking for work. They are then excluded from the labour force so that the unemployment rate may fall, or stop rising, even though there has been no underlying improvement in the labour market.

    The Gini index offers an accurate picture of regional disparities. It looks not only at the regions with the highest and the lowest rates of unemployment but also at the differences among all regions. The index ranges between 0 and 1: the higher its value, the larger the regional disparities. Regional disparities tend to be underestimated when the size of regions is large.

    The youth unemployment rate is defined as the ratio between the unemployed person aged between 15 and 24 and the labour force in the same age group.
  • Employment rate of lesser educated women: Employment rate of women aged 25-54, 2000, who are educated lesser than upper secondary level.
  • Unemployment > Female > % of female labor force: Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Long-term unemployment > Female > % of female unemployment: Long-term unemployment refers to the number of people with continuous periods of unemployment extending for a year or longer, expressed as a percentage of the total unemployed.
  • Unemployment and education > Upper secondary: Unemployment rates among people of all ages who are educated upto Upper Secondary levels. Data is for 2000.
  • Long-term unemployment > % of total unemployment: Long-term unemployment refers to the number of people with continuous periods of unemployment extending for a year or longer, expressed as a percentage of the total unemployed.
  • Unemployment with secondary education > Female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Force participation rate > Female > % of female population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-64 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Unemployment > Youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment with secondary education > Male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ > Per capita: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Net income from abroad > Current LCU per million: Net income from abroad (current LCU). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current local currency. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Employers, male > % of employment: Employers, male (% of employment). Employers refers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs" i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced), and, in this capacity, have engaged, on a continuous basis, one or more persons to work for them as employee(s).
  • One-person and family businesses > Women: Percentage of employed women who are self-employed without employees or contribute to a family-run business.
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration.
  • Unemployment > Unemployment > Total > % of total labor force: Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Labor force > Female > % of total labor force: Female labor force as a percentage of the total show the extent to which women are active in the labor force. Labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organisation's definition of the economically active population.
  • Share of women employed in the nonagricultural sector > % of total nonagricultural employment: Share of women employed in the nonagricultural sector is the share of female workers in the nonagricultural sector (industry and services), expressed as a percentage of total employment in the nonagricultural sector. Industry includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, electricity, gas, and water, corresponding to divisions 2-5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C-F (ISIC revision 3). Services include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal services-corresponding to divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G-P (ISIC revision 3)."
  • Employment > Part-time employment > Incidence of part-time employment: Part-time employment refers to persons who usually work less than 30 hours per week in their main job. Both employees and the self-employed may be part-time workers.

    Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week. The rates shown here refer to the numbers of persons who usually work less than 30 hours per week as a percentage of the total number of those in employment.
  • One-person and family businesses > Men: Percentage of employed men who are self-employed without employees or contribute to a family-run business.
  • Unemployment > Unemployed youths per unemployed adult > Women > Aged 15 to 24: Ratio of youth unemployment rate to adult unemployment rate.
  • Unemployment > Unemployed youths per unemployed adult > Men > Aged 15 to 24: Ratio of youth unemployment rate to adult unemployment rate.
  • Employment > Employment share by sector > Services > Women > Aged above 14: Percent employed in services.
  • Unemployment > Youth unemployment, female: Percentage of female population aged 15-24 that is unemployed.
  • Employment > Underemployment > Working less than 20 hours per week > Women > Aged above 14: Percentage of females above the age of 14 in employment, who work less than 20 hours/week.
  • Employment > Underemployment > Working less than 20 hours per week > Men > Aged above 14: Percentage of males above the age of 14 in employment, who work less than 20 hours/week.
  • Employment > Working more than 40 hours per week > Women > Aged above 14: Percentage of females above the age of 14 in employment, who work more than 40 hours per week.
  • Part time > Part time employment rate > Women: Percentage of country's females over the age of 15 that are employed only part-time.
  • Part time > Part time employment rate > Men: Percentage of country's males over the age of 15 that are employed only part-time.
  • GNI > Current US$, % of GDP: GNI (current US$). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • GNI > Current LCU per capita: GNI (current LCU). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Expense > % of GDP: Expense (% of GDP). Expense is cash payments for operating activities of the government in providing goods and services. It includes compensation of employees (such as wages and salaries), interest and subsidies, grants, social benefits, and other expenses such as rent and dividends.
  • Subsidies and other transfers > % of expense: Subsidies and other transfers (% of expense). Subsidies, grants, and other social benefits include all unrequited, nonrepayable transfers on current account to private and public enterprises; grants to foreign governments, international organizations, and other government units; and social security, social assistance benefits, and employer social benefits in cash and in kind.
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ > Per $ GDP: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Unemployment > Unemployment rates > Unemployment rates > Total per million: Unemployed persons are defined as those who report that they are without work, that they are available for work and that they have taken active steps to find work in the last four weeks. The ILO Guidelines specify what actions count as active steps to find work and these include answering vacancy notices, visiting factories, construction sites and other places of work, and placing advertisements in the press as well as registering with labour offices.

    The unemployment rate is defined as the number of unemployed persons as a percentage of the labour force, where the latter consists of the unemployed plus those in employment, which are defined as persons who have worked for one hour or more in the last week.

    When unemployment is high, some persons become discouraged and stop looking for work. They are then excluded from the labour force so that the unemployment rate may fall, or stop rising, even though there has been no underlying improvement in the labour market. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Employees, agriculture, female > % of female employment: Employees, agriculture, female (% of female employment). Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Agriculture corresponds to division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and includes hunting, forestry, and fishing.
  • Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, male > %: Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, male (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Employment to population ratio, 15+, female > %: Employment to population ratio, 15+, female (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • One-person and family businesses > Men > Percentage: Proportion of own-account and contributing family workers in total employment, men, percentage.
  • Employment > Working more than 40 hours per week > Men > Aged above 14: Percentage of males above the age of 14 in employment, who work more than 40 hours per week.
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ per capita: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Force with tertiary education > % of total: Labor force with tertiary education is the proportion of labor force that has a tertiary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Force participation rate > Total > % of total population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-64 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Employees, agriculture, male > % of male employment: Employees, agriculture, male (% of male employment). Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Agriculture corresponds to division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and includes hunting, forestry, and fishing.
  • Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, total > %: Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, total (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Employers, female > % of employment: Employers, female (% of employment). Employers refers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs" i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced), and, in this capacity, have engaged, on a continuous basis, one or more persons to work for them as employee(s).
  • Employers, total > % of employment: Employers, total (% of employment). Employers refers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs" i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced), and, in this capacity, have engaged, on a continuous basis, one or more persons to work for them as employee(s).
  • Self-employed, female > % of females employed: Self-employed, female (% of females employed). Self employed workers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners or in cooperative, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs" (i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced). Self employed workers include three subcategories: employers, own-account workers, and members of producers' cooperatives.
  • Self-employed, male > % of males employed: Self-employed, male (% of males employed). Self employed workers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners or in cooperative, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs" (i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced). Self employed workers include three subcategories: employers, own-account workers, and members of producers' cooperatives.
  • Self-employed, total > % of total employed: Self-employed, total (% of total employed). Self employed workers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners or in cooperative, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs" (i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced). Self employed workers include three subcategories: employers, own-account workers, and members of producers' cooperatives.
  • Employment to population ratio, 15+, male > %: Employment to population ratio, 15+, male (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Employment to population ratio, 15+, total > %: Employment to population ratio, 15+, total (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Vulnerable employment, female > % of female employment: Vulnerable employment, female (% of female employment). Vulnerable employment is unpaid family workers and own-account workers as a percentage of total employment.
  • Vulnerable employment, male > % of male employment: Vulnerable employment, male (% of male employment). Vulnerable employment is unpaid family workers and own-account workers as a percentage of total employment.
  • Vulnerable employment, total > % of total employment: Vulnerable employment, total (% of total employment). Vulnerable employment is unpaid family workers and own-account workers as a percentage of total employment.
  • Wage and salaried workers, female > % of females employed: Wage and salaried workers, female (% of females employed). Wage and salaried workers (employees) are those workers who hold the type of jobs defined as "paid employment jobs," where the incumbents hold explicit (written or oral) or implicit employment contracts that give them a basic remuneration that is not directly dependent upon the revenue of the unit for which they work.
  • Wage and salary workers, male > % of males employed: Wage and salary workers, male (% of males employed). Wage and salaried workers (employees) are those workers who hold the type of jobs defined as "paid employment jobs," where the incumbents hold explicit (written or oral) or implicit employment contracts that give them a basic remuneration that is not directly dependent upon the revenue of the unit for which they work.
  • Force participation rate > Male > % of male population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-64 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Wage and salaried workers, total > % of total employed: Wage and salaried workers, total (% of total employed). Wage and salaried workers (employees) are those workers who hold the type of jobs defined as "paid employment jobs," where the incumbents hold explicit (written or oral) or implicit employment contracts that give them a basic remuneration that is not directly dependent upon the revenue of the unit for which they work.
  • Contributing family workers, female > % of females employed: Contributing family workers, female (% of females employed). Contributing family workers are those workers who hold u2018self-employment jobsu2019 as own-account workers in a market-oriented establishment operated by a related person living in the same household.
  • Contributing family workers, male > % of males employed: Contributing family workers, male (% of males employed). Contributing family workers are those workers who hold "self-employment jobs" as own-account workers in a market-oriented establishment operated by a related person living in the same household.
  • Contributing family workers, total > % of total employed: Contributing family workers, total (% of total employed). Contributing family workers are those workers who hold "self-employment jobs" as own-account workers in a market-oriented establishment operated by a related person living in the same household.
  • Employees, industry, female > % of female employment: Employees, industry, female (% of female employment). Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Industry corresponds to divisions 2-5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C-F (ISIC revision 3) and includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, and public utilities (electricity, gas, and water).
  • Employees, industry, male > % of male employment: Employees, industry, male (% of male employment). Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Industry corresponds to divisions 2-5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C-F (ISIC revision 3) and includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, and public utilities (electricity, gas, and water).
  • Employees, services, female > % of female employment: Employees, services, female (% of female employment). Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Services correspond to divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G-P (ISIC revision 3) and include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal services.
  • Employees, services, male > % of male employment: Employees, services, male (% of male employment). Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Services correspond to divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G-P (ISIC revision 3) and include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal services.
  • Part time employment, female > % of total part time employment: Part time employment, female (% of total part time employment). Part time employment refers to regular employment in which working time is substantially less than normal. Definitions of part time employment differ by country.
  • Unemployment, youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24: Unemployment, youth male (% of male labor force ages 15-24). Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment, youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24: Unemployment, youth total (% of total labor force ages 15-24). Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Long-term unemployment, female > % of female unemployment: Long-term unemployment, female (% of female unemployment). Long-term unemployment refers to the number of people with continuous periods of unemployment extending for a year or longer, expressed as a percentage of the total unemployed.
  • Unemployment, male > % of male labor force: Unemployment, male (% of male labor force). Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment, total > % of total labor force: Unemployment, total (% of total labor force). Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Force with primary education > % of total: Labor force with primary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a primary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Force > Total per 1000: Total labor force comprises people who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Employees > Services > Female > % of female employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Services correspond to divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G-P (ISIC revision 3) and include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal services."
  • Labor force with secondary education > Male > % of male labor force: Labor force with secondary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a secondary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Labor force with primary education > Female > % of female labor force: Labor force with primary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a primary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Employees > Agriculture > Male > % of male employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Agriculture corresponds to division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and includes hunting, forestry, and fishing."
  • Employees > Agriculture > Female > % of female employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Agriculture corresponds to division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and includes hunting, forestry, and fishing."
  • Employment in agriculture > % of total employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Agriculture corresponds to division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and includes hunting, forestry, and fishing."
  • Labor force with primary education > % of total: Labor force with primary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a primary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Labor force with secondary education > % of total: Labor force with secondary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a secondary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Labor force with primary education > Male > % of male labor force: Labor force with primary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a primary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Labor force with secondary education > Female > % of female labor force: Labor force with secondary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a secondary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Labor force with tertiary education > % of total: Labor force with tertiary education is the proportion of labor force that has a tertiary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Employment in services > % of total employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Services correspond to divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G-P (ISIC revision 3) and include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal services."
  • Labor participation rate > Total > % of total population ages 15+: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
STAT Switzerland United Kingdom HISTORY
Agricultural workers > Male 5%
Ranked 63th. 3 times more than United Kingdom
2%
Ranked 76th.
Employment rate > Adults 61.2
Ranked 60th. 9% more than United Kingdom
56.3
Ranked 94th.

Expense > Current LCU 92.62 billion
Ranked 71st.
671.66 billion
Ranked 37th. 7 times more than Switzerland

GNI > Current US$ $652.64 billion
Ranked 20th.
$2.46 trillion
Ranked 7th. 4 times more than Switzerland

Hours worked > Standard workweek 50 hours
Ranked 4th. 31% more than United Kingdom
38.2 hours
Ranked 176th.
Labor force 4.62 million
Ranked 66th.
31.45 million
Ranked 18th. 7 times more than Switzerland

Labor force > By occupation agriculture 4.6%, industry 26.3%, services 69.1% agriculture 1.5%, industry 19.1%, services 79.5%
Labor force > By occupation > Agriculture 3.4%
Ranked 19th. 2 times more than United Kingdom
1.4%
Ranked 27th.

Labor force > By occupation > Industry 23.4%
Ranked 9th. 29% more than United Kingdom
18.2%
Ranked 16th.

Labor force > By occupation > Services 73.2%
Ranked 4th.
80.4%
Ranked 1st. 10% more than Switzerland

Labor force, total 4.64 million
Ranked 84th.
32.38 million
Ranked 19th. 7 times more than Switzerland

Rigidity of employment index 23
Ranked 128th. 64% more than United Kingdom
14
Ranked 146th.

Salaries and benefits > Minimum wage None; however, a majority of the voluntary collective bargaining agreements, reached on a sector-by-sector basis, contained minimum compensation clauses, which provided for compensation ranging from 2,200 to 4,200 francs ($2,363 to $4,511) per month for unskilled workers and 2,800 to 5,300 francs ($3,010 to $5,693) per month for skilled employees. \u00a3 6.31 per hour (aged 21 and older), \u00a35.03 per hour (aged 18\u201320) or \u00a33.72 per hour (under 18 and finished compulsory education).
Trade union membership 22%
Ranked 16th.
29%
Ranked 10th. 32% more than Switzerland
Unemployment rate 3.9%
Ranked 81st.
7.9%
Ranked 47th. 2 times more than Switzerland

Strikes 2
Ranked 25th.
22
Ranked 16th. 11 times more than Switzerland
Female doctors 29.1%
Ranked 13th.
34.5%
Ranked 8th. 19% more than Switzerland
Labor force per 1000 590.42
Ranked 9th. 17% more than United Kingdom
505.05
Ranked 32nd.

GNI > Current US$ per capita $81,608.82
Ranked 3rd. 2 times more than United Kingdom
$38,975.52
Ranked 18th.

Male retirement age 65
Ranked 2nd. The same as United Kingdom
65
Ranked 6th.
Female retirement age 64
Ranked 3rd. 7% more than United Kingdom
60
Ranked 16th.
Labor force, total per 1000 580.27
Ranked 12th. 13% more than United Kingdom
512.08
Ranked 41st.

Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Both sexes 65.2%
Ranked 11th. 12% more than United Kingdom
58.1%
Ranked 36th.

Firing cost > Weeks of wages 13 weeks of wages
Ranked 140th.
22.1 weeks of wages
Ranked 122nd. 70% more than Switzerland

GNI per capita > Constant LCU 70,815.43
Ranked 39th. 3 times more than United Kingdom
20,722.73
Ranked 69th.

Expense > Current LCU per capita 12,110.77
Ranked 63th. 13% more than United Kingdom
10,703.34
Ranked 64th.

Employment rate > Women 53.6
Ranked 46th. 7% more than United Kingdom
49.9
Ranked 67th.

Labor force > Total 4.39 million
Ranked 78th.
31.49 million
Ranked 18th. 7 times more than Switzerland

Industrial workers > Male 36%
Ranked 23th. The same as United Kingdom
36%
Ranked 22nd.
Employment rate > Men 69.4
Ranked 86th. 10% more than United Kingdom
63.1
Ranked 118th.

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men 72.7%
Ranked 12th. 14% more than United Kingdom
63.8%
Ranked 39th.

Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Men 72.7%
Ranked 12th. 14% more than United Kingdom
63.8%
Ranked 39th.

Compensation of employees > Current LCU 6050122000 74329000000
Unemployment > Long-term unemployment rate 34.3
Ranked 17th. 35% more than United Kingdom
25.5
Ranked 23th.

Force > Total > Per capita 0.564 per capita
Ranked 6th. 11% more than United Kingdom
0.509 per capita
Ranked 29th.

Force > Total 4.19 million
Ranked 78th.
30.64 million
Ranked 17th. 7 times more than Switzerland

Female decision makers 22%
Ranked 54th.
33%
Ranked 20th. 50% more than Switzerland
Agricultural workers > Female 4%
Ranked 46th. 4 times more than United Kingdom
1%
Ranked 73th.
Employment > Percent of population are employees > Women 86.6%
Ranked 30th.
92.2%
Ranked 13th. 6% more than Switzerland

Employment > Employment share by sector > Industry > Men > Aged above 14 32.4%
Ranked 34th.
33%
Ranked 32nd. 2% more than Switzerland

Unemployment > Youth unemployment, both sexes 7.7%
Ranked 66th.
20%
Ranked 31st. 3 times more than Switzerland

Unemployment > Regional unemployment > National unemployment rate 3.87%
Ranked 24th.
5.38%
Ranked 16th. 39% more than Switzerland
GNI > Current LCU 611.98 billion
Ranked 91st.
1.56 trillion
Ranked 71st. 3 times more than Switzerland

Unemployment 2%
Ranked 18th.
5.3%
Ranked 9th. 3 times more than Switzerland
Employment > Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Women 11.37%
Ranked 13th. 39% more than United Kingdom
8.18%
Ranked 20th.
Female economic activity 50.7%
Ranked 82nd.
52.8%
Ranked 79th. 4% more than Switzerland
Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women 58.1%
Ranked 13th. 10% more than United Kingdom
52.7%
Ranked 23th.

Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Women 58.1%
Ranked 13th. 10% more than United Kingdom
52.7%
Ranked 23th.

Self employed > One-person and family businesses > Women 10%
Ranked 25th. 27% more than United Kingdom
7.9%
Ranked 30th.

Labor force > Per capita 587.3 per 1,000 people
Ranked 8th. 16% more than United Kingdom
508.26 per 1,000 people
Ranked 43th.

Days off work 1 days
Ranked 19th.
21 days
Ranked 14th. 21 times more than Switzerland
Industrial workers > Female 13%
Ranked 44th. 8% more than United Kingdom
12%
Ranked 50th.
Work Time > More than 40 hours 66.9%
Ranked 3rd. 34% more than United Kingdom
49.8%
Ranked 9th.
Employment rate > Young adults 63.1
Ranked 15th. 13% more than United Kingdom
55.8
Ranked 30th.

Female professionals 42%
Ranked 56th.
45%
Ranked 51st. 7% more than Switzerland
Net income from abroad > Current US$ $21.47 billion
Ranked 5th.
$-7,458,135,860.98
Ranked 138th.

Unemployment gender ratio 136%
Ranked 11th. 72% more than United Kingdom
79%
Ranked 29th.
Part time employment rate > Men > Aged above 14 8%
Ranked 10th.
10%
Ranked 8th. 25% more than Switzerland

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ per capita 1,774.88$
Ranked 2nd. 35 times more than United Kingdom
51.26$
Ranked 47th.

Employment > Employment rates by gender > Employment rates > Men 85.56%
Ranked 2nd. 9% more than United Kingdom
78.44%
Ranked 11th.
Rigidity of employment index > 0=less rigid to 100=more rigid 7
Ranked 150th.
10
Ranked 141st. 43% more than Switzerland

Employment > Employment share by sector > Agriculture > Men > Aged above 14 4.7%
Ranked 53th. 2 times more than United Kingdom
1.9%
Ranked 66th.

Employment > Percent of population are employees > Men 81.9%
Ranked 26th.
82.4%
Ranked 24th. 1% more than Switzerland

Service workers > Male 59%
Ranked 21st.
61%
Ranked 17th. 3% more than Switzerland
Female economic activity growth 3%
Ranked 76th.
5%
Ranked 65th. 67% more than Switzerland
Self employed > One-person and family businesses > Men 8.9%
Ranked 39th.
14.9%
Ranked 25th. 67% more than Switzerland

Employment rate > Young men 64
Ranked 26th. 13% more than United Kingdom
56.6
Ranked 45th.

Employment rate > Young women 62
Ranked 16th. 13% more than United Kingdom
55
Ranked 21st.

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ > Per capita 1.77 million$ per 1,000 people
Ranked 2nd. 35 times more than United Kingdom
51,256.51$ per 1,000 people
Ranked 48th.

Unemployment > Unemployment rates > Unemployment rates > Total 3.6%
Ranked 26th.
5.3%
Ranked 15th. 47% more than Switzerland
Employment > Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Total 11.55%
Ranked 23th.
13.8%
Ranked 13th. 20% more than Switzerland
GDP per person employed > Constant 1990 PPP $ $42,707.00
Ranked 21st.
$51,697.00
Ranked 8th. 21% more than Switzerland

GNI > Constant LCU 566.32 billion
Ranked 59th.
1.31 trillion
Ranked 47th. 2 times more than Switzerland

GNI per capita > Constant 2000 US$ $56,871.64
Ranked 2nd. 51% more than United Kingdom
$37,677.83
Ranked 14th.

GNI > Constant LCU per capita 70,815.43
Ranked 39th. 3 times more than United Kingdom
20,722.73
Ranked 70th.

Service workers > Female 83%
Ranked 22nd.
87%
Ranked 6th. 5% more than Switzerland
Long term unemployment 0.6%
Ranked 23th.
1.5%
Ranked 15th. 3 times more than Switzerland
Employment > Percent of population are employers > Women 3.3%
Ranked 17th.
7.3%
Ranked 5th. 2 times more than Switzerland

Part time employment rate > Women > Aged above 14 45.8%
Ranked 2nd. 17% more than United Kingdom
39.3%
Ranked 6th.

Employment > Employment share by sector > Agriculture > Women > Aged above 14 2.8%
Ranked 45th. 4 times more than United Kingdom
0.7%
Ranked 63th.

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men aged above 14 72.3%
Ranked 86th. 10% more than United Kingdom
65.6%
Ranked 122nd.

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women aged above 14 58.1%
Ranked 33th. 10% more than United Kingdom
53%
Ranked 51st.

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women aged 15 to 24 62.4%
Ranked 15th. 8% more than United Kingdom
57.9%
Ranked 24th.

Unemployment > Youth unemployment, male 7.6%
Ranked 63th.
22%
Ranked 28th. 3 times more than Switzerland

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ 13.2 billion$
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than United Kingdom
3.09 billion$
Ranked 14th.

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ > Per $ GDP 35.96$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 14th. 26 times more than United Kingdom
1.4$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 109th.

Foreign labor force 18.3%
Ranked 4th. 5 times more than United Kingdom
3.7%
Ranked 12th.
Unemployment > Regional unemployment > National unemployment rate per million 0.5%
Ranked 16th. 6 times more than United Kingdom
0.0871%
Ranked 26th.
Unemployment > Long-term unemployment > Long-term unemployment 40.78%
Ranked 11th. 65% more than United Kingdom
24.74%
Ranked 19th.
Employment > Percent of population are employers > Men 9%
Ranked 13th.
17.3%
Ranked 3rd. 92% more than Switzerland

Employment > Employment share by sector > Industry > Women > Aged above 14 11.3%
Ranked 48th. 20% more than United Kingdom
9.4%
Ranked 60th.

Employment > Employment share by sector > Services > Men > Aged above 14 62.8%
Ranked 16th.
64.8%
Ranked 8th. 3% more than Switzerland

Working time to buy > A car 614 hours
Ranked 16th.
956 hours
Ranked 14th. 56% more than Switzerland
Technicians in RandD > Per million people 2,318.8 per million people
Ranked 2nd. 2 times more than United Kingdom
1,013.9 per million people
Ranked 3rd.

Working time to buy > Chicken 22 minutes
Ranked 9th.
24 minutes
Ranked 6th. 9% more than Switzerland
Working time to buy > Milk 3 minutes
Ranked 13th. The same as United Kingdom
3 minutes
Ranked 12th.
Minimum Age Convention > 1973 > Ratifications > Minimum age 15
Ranked 47th.
16
Ranked 25th. 7% more than Switzerland
Employment rate of highly educated women 85.6%
Ranked 8th.
86.4%
Ranked 7th. 1% more than Switzerland
Unemployment and education > Tertiary 1.3%
Ranked 18th.
2.1%
Ranked 12th. 62% more than Switzerland
Researchers in labor force 55 per 10000 people
Ranked 12th. The same as United Kingdom
55 per 10000 people
Ranked 11th.
Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > % of total unemployment 17.9%
Ranked 32nd. 25% more than United Kingdom
14.3%
Ranked 41st.

Unemployment > Unemployment with primary education > Male > % of male unemployment 29.4%
Ranked 46th.
39.4%
Ranked 29th. 34% more than Switzerland

Unemployment > Unemployment with secondary education > Female > % of female unemployment 56.8%
Ranked 14th. 15% more than United Kingdom
49.4%
Ranked 23th.

Unemployment > Long-term unemployment rate > Female 39.9
Ranked 12th. 2 times more than United Kingdom
18.4
Ranked 24th.

Unemployment > Unemployment with primary education > Female > % of female unemployment 28.4%
Ranked 38th.
34.6%
Ranked 26th. 22% more than Switzerland

Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > Female > % of female unemployment 14.8%
Ranked 43th.
15.6%
Ranked 40th. 5% more than Switzerland

Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24 7.4%
Ranked 33th.
12.7%
Ranked 21st. 72% more than Switzerland

Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24 7%
Ranked 33th.
15%
Ranked 17th. 2 times more than Switzerland

Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24 6.7%
Ranked 34th.
17%
Ranked 13th. 3 times more than Switzerland

Working time to buy > Beef 102 minutes
Ranked 2nd. 96% more than United Kingdom
52 minutes
Ranked 10th.
Working time to buy > Bread 7 minutes
Ranked 13th. 75% more than United Kingdom
4 minutes
Ranked 16th.
Unemployment benefit as % of GDP 1% of GDP
Ranked 12th. 3 times more than United Kingdom
0.3% of GDP
Ranked 17th.
Temporary employment share 11.4%
Ranked 13th. 70% more than United Kingdom
6.7%
Ranked 21st.
Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention > Ratifications > Date August 17, 1999 June 30, 1950
Net income from abroad > Current US$, % of GDP 3.4%
Ranked 11th.
-0.306%
Ranked 44th.

Net income from abroad > Constant LCU per million 2.33 billion
Ranked 8th.
-62,713,464.038
Ranked 30th.

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men aged 15 to 24 64.5%
Ranked 22nd. 7% more than United Kingdom
60.5%
Ranked 42nd.

GNI growth > Annual % 3.55%
Ranked 55th.
-1.472%
Ranked 100th.

GNI per capita > Current LCU 76,524.59
Ranked 79th. 3 times more than United Kingdom
24,671.5
Ranked 120th.

Net income from abroad > Constant LCU 18.62 billion
Ranked 13th.
-3,965,217,178.015
Ranked 45th.

Part time employment, male > % of total male employment 9.6%
Ranked 21st.
11.7%
Ranked 13th. 22% more than Switzerland

Part time employment, total > % of total employment 26%
Ranked 2nd. 8% more than United Kingdom
24.1%
Ranked 5th.

Unemployment, youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24 8.1%
Ranked 66th.
17.9%
Ranked 43th. 2 times more than Switzerland

Long-term unemployment, male > % of male unemployment 1.3%
Ranked 41st.
3.1%
Ranked 26th. 2 times more than Switzerland

Unemployment, female > % of female labor force 4.5%
Ranked 69th.
7.3%
Ranked 50th. 62% more than Switzerland

Working time to buy > A television set 22 hours
Ranked 10th.
28 hours
Ranked 7th. 27% more than Switzerland
Working time to buy > A refrigerator 14 hours
Ranked 15th.
45 hours
Ranked 4th. 3 times more than Switzerland
Unemployment > Male > % of male labor force 3.9%
Ranked 65th.
5%
Ranked 57th. 28% more than Switzerland

Force with secondary education > % of total 59.8%
Ranked 9th. 26% more than United Kingdom
47.4%
Ranked 16th.

Unemployment > Youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24 8.5%
Ranked 52nd.
13.4%
Ranked 36th. 58% more than Switzerland

Long-term unemployment > Male > % of male unemployment 21.6%
Ranked 22nd.
26.5%
Ranked 18th. 23% more than Switzerland

Compensation of employees > % of expense 7.34%
Ranked 89th.
14.97%
Ranked 51st. 2 times more than Switzerland

Unemployment > Regional unemployment > Range in regional unemployment rate > Small regions > Maximum 6.36%
Ranked 22nd.
10.14%
Ranked 15th. 59% more than Switzerland
Unemployment > Regional unemployment > Range in regional unemployment rate > Small regions > Minimum 1.5%
Ranked 26th.
1.62%
Ranked 25th. 8% more than Switzerland
Unemployment > Youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24 8.9%
Ranked 48th.
11.8%
Ranked 40th. 33% more than Switzerland

Force > Female > % of total labor force 46.65%
Ranked 35th. 1% more than United Kingdom
45.99%
Ranked 51st.

Working time to buy > Fish 64 minutes
Ranked 6th. 16% more than United Kingdom
55 minutes
Ranked 9th.
Employment > Employment rates by gender > Employment rates > Men per million 11.05%
Ranked 9th. 9 times more than United Kingdom
1.27%
Ranked 23th.
Employment > Part-time employment > Incidence of part-time employment per million 3.15%
Ranked 6th. 8 times more than United Kingdom
0.372%
Ranked 17th.
Unemployment with tertiary education > Female > % of female unemployment 13.5%
Ranked 20th.
13.8%
Ranked 38th. 2% more than Switzerland

Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > Male > % of male unemployment 22.1%
Ranked 15th. 66% more than United Kingdom
13.3%
Ranked 36th.

Employees > Industry > Female > % of female employment 11.6%
Ranked 43th. 27% more than United Kingdom
9.1%
Ranked 26th.

Employment > Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Total per million 1.49%
Ranked 13th. 7 times more than United Kingdom
0.223%
Ranked 26th.
Employment > Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Women per million 1.47%
Ranked 8th. 11 times more than United Kingdom
0.132%
Ranked 25th.
Unemployment with tertiary education > % of total unemployment 16.9%
Ranked 17th. 16% more than United Kingdom
14.6%
Ranked 37th.

Unemployment with tertiary education > Male > % of male unemployment 24.4%
Ranked 7th. 62% more than United Kingdom
15.1%
Ranked 29th.

Net income from abroad > Current US$ per million $2.68 billion
Ranked 2nd.
$-117,957,104.01
Ranked 96th.

Employment in industry > % of total employment 23.8%
Ranked 34th. 11% more than United Kingdom
21.4%
Ranked 24th.

Personal remittances, received > % of GDP 0.482%
Ranked 99th. 7 times more than United Kingdom
0.0718%
Ranked 132nd.

Net income from abroad > Current LCU 20.13 billion
Ranked 15th.
-4,721,000,000
Ranked 82nd.

Temporary employment share per million 1.59%
Ranked 8th. 14 times more than United Kingdom
0.114%
Ranked 25th.
Unemployment > Long-term unemployment > Long-term unemployment per million 5.27%
Ranked 5th. 13 times more than United Kingdom
0.4%
Ranked 25th.
Unemployment > Total > % of total labor force 4.3%
Ranked 67th.
4.6%
Ranked 64th. 7% more than Switzerland

Unemployment > Regional unemployment > Gini index of regional unemployment rates > Small regions 0.183 Year 2006
Ranked 14th. About the same as United Kingdom
0.183 Year 2006
Ranked 15th.
Employment rate of lesser educated women 70.3%
Ranked 1st. 41% more than United Kingdom
49.7%
Ranked 15th.
Unemployment > Female > % of female labor force 4.8%
Ranked 61st. 14% more than United Kingdom
4.2%
Ranked 64th.

Long-term unemployment > Female > % of female unemployment 32.6%
Ranked 13th. 91% more than United Kingdom
17.1%
Ranked 21st.

Unemployment and education > Upper secondary 2%
Ranked 18th.
4.5%
Ranked 10th. 2 times more than Switzerland
Long-term unemployment > % of total unemployment 27%
Ranked 16th. 17% more than United Kingdom
23%
Ranked 20th.

Unemployment with secondary education > Female > % of female unemployment 56.2%
Ranked 14th. 19% more than United Kingdom
47.2%
Ranked 29th.

Force participation rate > Female > % of female population ages 15-64 75.29%
Ranked 18th. 9% more than United Kingdom
69.34%
Ranked 38th.

Unemployment > Youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24 9.3%
Ranked 48th.
10%
Ranked 43th. 8% more than Switzerland

Unemployment with secondary education > Male > % of male unemployment 50%
Ranked 18th. 17% more than United Kingdom
42.7%
Ranked 30th.

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ > Per capita 256.82$ per capita
Ranked 21st. 2 times more than United Kingdom
111.61$ per capita
Ranked 53th.

Net income from abroad > Current LCU per million 2.52 billion
Ranked 15th.
-74,666,846.841
Ranked 46th.

Employers, male > % of employment 8.6%
Ranked 4th. 2 times more than United Kingdom
3.5%
Ranked 52nd.

One-person and family businesses > Women 10%
Ranked 25th. 27% more than United Kingdom
7.9%
Ranked 30th.

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ 1.91 billion$
Ranked 37th.
6.72 billion$
Ranked 8th. 4 times more than Switzerland

Unemployment > Unemployment > Total > % of total labor force 3.4%
Ranked 60th.
5.6%
Ranked 46th. 65% more than Switzerland

Labor force > Female > % of total labor force 46.49%
Ranked 49th. 2% more than United Kingdom
45.66%
Ranked 62nd.

Share of women employed in the nonagricultural sector > % of total nonagricultural employment 46.8%
Ranked 36th.
52.2%
Ranked 7th. 12% more than Switzerland

Minimum Age Convention > 1973 > Ratifications > Date August 17, 1999 June 7, 2000
Employment > Part-time employment > Incidence of part-time employment 24.37%
Ranked 2nd. 6% more than United Kingdom
22.98%
Ranked 4th.
One-person and family businesses > Men 8.9%
Ranked 39th.
14.9%
Ranked 25th. 67% more than Switzerland

Unemployment > Unemployed youths per unemployed adult > Women > Aged 15 to 24 2.1 ratio
Ranked 50th.
3.3 ratio
Ranked 12th. 57% more than Switzerland

Unemployment > Unemployed youths per unemployed adult > Men > Aged 15 to 24 2.7
Ranked 36th.
3.7
Ranked 13th. 37% more than Switzerland

Employment > Employment share by sector > Services > Women > Aged above 14 85.7%
Ranked 18th.
89.6%
Ranked 4th. 5% more than Switzerland

Unemployment > Youth unemployment, female 7.9%
Ranked 62nd.
17.7%
Ranked 41st. 2 times more than Switzerland

Employment > Underemployment > Working less than 20 hours per week > Women > Aged above 14 26.8%
Ranked 2nd. 29% more than United Kingdom
20.8%
Ranked 5th.

Employment > Underemployment > Working less than 20 hours per week > Men > Aged above 14 5.2%
Ranked 8th.
5.7%
Ranked 7th. 10% more than Switzerland

Employment > Working more than 40 hours per week > Women > Aged above 14 40.6%
Ranked 18th. 49% more than United Kingdom
27.3%
Ranked 22nd.

Part time > Part time employment rate > Women 45.8%
Ranked 2nd. 17% more than United Kingdom
39.3%
Ranked 6th.

Part time > Part time employment rate > Men 8%
Ranked 10th.
10%
Ranked 8th. 25% more than Switzerland

GNI > Current US$, % of GDP 103.23%
Ranked 20th. 2% more than United Kingdom
101.2%
Ranked 35th.

GNI > Current LCU per capita 76,524.59
Ranked 79th. 3 times more than United Kingdom
24,671.5
Ranked 121st.

Expense > % of GDP 16.31%
Ranked 96th.
43.7%
Ranked 9th. 3 times more than Switzerland

Subsidies and other transfers > % of expense 82.62%
Ranked 1st. 54% more than United Kingdom
53.75%
Ranked 39th.

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ > Per $ GDP 5.2$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 111th. 70% more than United Kingdom
3.06$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 122nd.

Unemployment > Unemployment rates > Unemployment rates > Total per million 0.465%
Ranked 16th. 5 times more than United Kingdom
0.0857%
Ranked 26th.
Employees, agriculture, female > % of female employment 2.9%
Ranked 38th. 4 times more than United Kingdom
0.7%
Ranked 56th.

Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, male > % 62.7%
Ranked 19th. 35% more than United Kingdom
46.4%
Ranked 81st.

Employment to population ratio, 15+, female > % 58.5%
Ranked 43th. 13% more than United Kingdom
51.6%
Ranked 68th.

One-person and family businesses > Men > Percentage 8.9%
Ranked 39th.
14.9%
Ranked 25th. 67% more than Switzerland

Employment > Working more than 40 hours per week > Men > Aged above 14 85.8%
Ranked 8th. 32% more than United Kingdom
65%
Ranked 20th.

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ per capita 256.82$
Ranked 21st. 2 times more than United Kingdom
111.62$
Ranked 50th.

Employment rate > Source / date of > Information 2003 OECD . 2003 OECD .
Force with tertiary education > % of total 24.2%
Ranked 18th.
26.8%
Ranked 13th. 11% more than Switzerland

Force participation rate > Total > % of total population ages 15-64 81.38%
Ranked 16th. 8% more than United Kingdom
75.56%
Ranked 41st.

Employees, agriculture, male > % of male employment 4%
Ranked 46th. 2 times more than United Kingdom
1.6%
Ranked 57th.

Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, total > % 61.6%
Ranked 14th. 33% more than United Kingdom
46.3%
Ranked 55th.

Employers, female > % of employment 3.3%
Ranked 8th. 2 times more than United Kingdom
1.4%
Ranked 48th.

Employers, total > % of employment 6.2%
Ranked 6th. 2 times more than United Kingdom
2.5%
Ranked 55th.

Self-employed, female > % of females employed 13.1%
Ranked 35th. 35% more than United Kingdom
9.7%
Ranked 46th.

Self-employed, male > % of males employed 17.1%
Ranked 50th.
18.8%
Ranked 43th. 10% more than Switzerland

Self-employed, total > % of total employed 15.3%
Ranked 47th. 5% more than United Kingdom
14.6%
Ranked 49th.

Employment to population ratio, 15+, male > % 72.4%
Ranked 74th. 15% more than United Kingdom
63%
Ranked 124th.

Employment to population ratio, 15+, total > % 65.3%
Ranked 47th. 14% more than United Kingdom
57.1%
Ranked 100th.

Vulnerable employment, female > % of female employment 9.8%
Ranked 36th. 18% more than United Kingdom
8.3%
Ranked 42nd.

Vulnerable employment, male > % of male employment 8.5%
Ranked 54th.
15.4%
Ranked 36th. 81% more than Switzerland

Vulnerable employment, total > % of total employment 9.1%
Ranked 48th.
12.1%
Ranked 41st. 33% more than Switzerland

Wage and salaried workers, female > % of females employed 86.9%
Ranked 31st.
90%
Ranked 20th. 4% more than Switzerland

Wage and salary workers, male > % of males employed 82.9%
Ranked 17th. 3% more than United Kingdom
80.6%
Ranked 25th.

Force participation rate > Male > % of male population ages 15-64 87.61%
Ranked 30th. 7% more than United Kingdom
81.86%
Ranked 98th.

Wage and salaried workers, total > % of total employed 84.7%
Ranked 21st.
85%
Ranked 19th. About the same as Switzerland

Contributing family workers, female > % of females employed 2.7%
Ranked 26th. 5 times more than United Kingdom
0.5%
Ranked 51st.

Contributing family workers, male > % of males employed 1.5%
Ranked 25th. 5 times more than United Kingdom
0.3%
Ranked 51st.

Contributing family workers, total > % of total employed 2%
Ranked 28th. 5 times more than United Kingdom
0.4%
Ranked 54th.

Employees, industry, female > % of female employment 9.5%
Ranked 39th. 25% more than United Kingdom
7.6%
Ranked 52nd.

Employees, industry, male > % of male employment 29.4%
Ranked 33th. 2% more than United Kingdom
28.7%
Ranked 35th.

Employees, services, female > % of female employment 83.4%
Ranked 26th.
90.9%
Ranked 8th. 9% more than Switzerland

Employees, services, male > % of male employment 63.4%
Ranked 19th.
68.6%
Ranked 6th. 8% more than Switzerland

Part time employment, female > % of total part time employment 80%
Ranked 4th. 8% more than United Kingdom
73.8%
Ranked 10th.

Unemployment, youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24 8.8%
Ranked 67th.
23.8%
Ranked 27th. 3 times more than Switzerland

Unemployment, youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24 8.4%
Ranked 70th.
21%
Ranked 32nd. 3 times more than Switzerland

Long-term unemployment, female > % of female unemployment 1.6%
Ranked 36th.
2.2%
Ranked 32nd. 38% more than Switzerland

Unemployment, male > % of male labor force 3.9%
Ranked 68th.
8.4%
Ranked 36th. 2 times more than Switzerland

Unemployment, total > % of total labor force 4.2%
Ranked 71st.
7.9%
Ranked 40th. 88% more than Switzerland

Force with primary education > % of total 15.5%
Ranked 32nd.
17.5%
Ranked 28th. 13% more than Switzerland

Force > Total per 1000 563.72
Ranked 8th. 11% more than United Kingdom
508.85
Ranked 33th.

Employees > Services > Female > % of female employment 85.6%
Ranked 25th.
89.8%
Ranked 2nd. 5% more than Switzerland

Labor force with secondary education > Male > % of male labor force 49.8%
Ranked 18th. 9% more than United Kingdom
45.6%
Ranked 27th.

Labor force with primary education > Female > % of female labor force 16.4%
Ranked 39th.
19%
Ranked 33th. 16% more than Switzerland

Employees > Agriculture > Male > % of male employment 4.8%
Ranked 48th. 3 times more than United Kingdom
1.9%
Ranked 29th.

Employees > Agriculture > Female > % of female employment 2.8%
Ranked 41st. 3 times more than United Kingdom
0.8%
Ranked 27th.

Employment in agriculture > % of total employment 3.9%
Ranked 51st. 3 times more than United Kingdom
1.4%
Ranked 28th.

Labor force with primary education > % of total 15.4%
Ranked 43th.
21.5%
Ranked 32nd. 40% more than Switzerland

Labor force with secondary education > % of total 54.8%
Ranked 17th. 19% more than United Kingdom
45.9%
Ranked 25th.

Labor force with primary education > Male > % of male labor force 14.5%
Ranked 44th.
23.5%
Ranked 30th. 62% more than Switzerland

Labor force with secondary education > Female > % of female labor force 60.8%
Ranked 7th. 32% more than United Kingdom
46.2%
Ranked 25th.

Labor force with tertiary education > % of total 29.7%
Ranked 20th.
31.9%
Ranked 16th. 7% more than Switzerland

Employment in services > % of total employment 72.4%
Ranked 21st.
76.9%
Ranked 2nd. 6% more than Switzerland

Labor participation rate > Total > % of total population ages 15+ 67.9%
Ranked 58th. 9% more than United Kingdom
62.2%
Ranked 105th.

SOURCES: ILO (International Labour Organization). 2002. Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002. February 2002; International Labour Organisation, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.; International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators.; World Bank national accounts data; Wikipedia: List of minimum wages by country (Countries) ("Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2013" . State.gov . Retrieved 2014-03-04 .); CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.; World Development Indicators database; Wikipedia: List of minimum wages by country (Countries); Figures are from the OECD. The figures are from EIRO for France, Ireland and Italy; OECD; OECD Health Data 2002 (CD ROM) available year for Australia, Japan = 1998; Denmark = 1995; 1980 figures for Canada and France are interpolated; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank national accounts data. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: Retirement age (Retirement age); International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Labour Organisation, using World Bank population estimates.; United Nations Statistics Division Original html; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; calculated on the basis of occupational data from ILO (International Labour Organization). 2002. Laboursta Database. February 2002; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; OECD Country statistical profiles 2009; OECD Historical Statistics; calculated on the basis of data on the economically active population and total population from ILO (International Labour Organization). 2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; United Nations Statistics Division Original html; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; OECD; ILO, Key Indicators; calculated on the basis of data on male and female unemployment rates from OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development). 2001. Employment Outlook 2001. Paris; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=GenderStat&f=inID%3a109, Part-time employment rate; World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development). 2001. Employment Outlook. Paris; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; OECD Country statistical profiles 2009. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; International Metalworkers' Federation, The Purchasing Power of Working Time 2002: An International Comparison of Average Net Hourly Earnings 2001 (International Metalworkers' Federation, Geneva, 2002); Wikipedia: Minimum Age Convention, 1973; OECD Employment Outlook 2002, p.74; OECD, Employment Outlook 2002; OECD; Annex to GECD Society at a Glance 2002; Wikipedia: Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention, 1949; World Bank national accounts data. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.; World Bank staff estimates; OECD. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; ILO Key Indicators of the Labour Market (KILM).; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=MDG&f=seriesRowID%3a773#MDG, Proportion of own-account and contributing family workers in total employment, women, percentage; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=MDG&f=seriesRowID%3a772, Proportion of own-account and contributing family workers in total employment, men, percentage; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=GenderStat&f=inID%3a118, Percent working less than 20 hrs/week; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=GenderStat&f=inID%3a118, Percent working less than 20 hrs/week; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=40+hrs%2fweek&d=GenderStat&f=inID%3a119, Percent working more than 40 hrs/week.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files, and World Bank and OECD GDP estimates. World Bank World Development Indicators.; United Nations Statistics Division; Wikipedia: List of countries by employment rate