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Environment Stats: compare key data on Switzerland & United Kingdom

Definitions

  • Adjusted net national income > Constant 2000 US$: Adjusted net national income (constant 2000 US$). Adjusted net national income is GNI minus consumption of fixed capital and natural resources depletion.
  • CO2 Emissions per 1000: CO2: Total Emissions (excluding land-use) Units: thousand metric tonnes of carbon dioxide. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total > Million metric tons: CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production is the sum of three IEA categories of CO2 emissions: (1) Main Activity Producer Electricity and Heat which contains the sum of emissions from main activity producer electricity generation, combined heat and power generation and heat plants. Main activity producers (formerly known as public utilities) are defined as those undertakings whose primary activity is to supply the public. They may be publicly or privately owned. This corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 1 a. For the CO2 emissions from fuel combustion (summary) file, emissions from own on-site use of fuel in power plants (EPOWERPLT) are also included. (2) Unallocated Autoproducers which contains the emissions from the generation of electricity and/or heat by autoproducers. Autoproducers are defined as undertakings that generate electricity and/or heat, wholly or partly for their own use as an activity which supports their primary activity. They may be privately or publicly owned. In the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, these emissions would normally be distributed between industry, transport and "other" sectors. (3) Other Energy Industries contains emissions from fuel combusted in petroleum refineries, for the manufacture of solid fuels, coal mining, oil and gas extraction and other energy-producing industries. This corresponds to the IPCC Source/Sink Categories 1 A 1 b and 1 A 1 c. According to the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, emissions from coke inputs to blast furnaces can either be counted here or in the Industrial Processes source/sink category. Within detailed sectoral calculations, certain non-energy processes can be distinguished. In the reduction of iron in a blast furnace through the combustion of coke, the primary purpose of the coke oxidation is to produce pig iron and the emissions can be considered as an industrial process. Care must be taken not to double count these emissions in both Energy and Industrial Processes. In the IEA estimations, these emissions have been included in this category.
  • Current issues: This entry lists the most pressing and important environmental problems. The following terms and abbreviations are used throughout the entry:
  • Ecological footprint: Ecological footprint per capita
    Units: Hectares per Person
  • Marine fish catch: Total marine fish catch
    Units: Metric Tons
  • Municipal waste generation: Kilograms of municipal waste generated per year (2000).
  • Pollution perceptions > Air pollution: Air Pollution. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with the quality of air in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Pollution perceptions > Air quality: Air quality. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with the quality of air in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Pollution perceptions > Clean water: Water Quality. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Are you concerned with the water pollution in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Pollution perceptions > Drinking water pollution: Drinking Water Pollution and Inaccessibility. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How do you find quality and the accessibility of drinking water?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Pollution perceptions > Water pollution: Water Pollution. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Are you concerned with the water pollution in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Proportion of land area under protection: Terrestrial areas protected to total surface area, percentage.
  • Transport CO2 emission index: CO2 Emission Index is an estimation of CO2 consumption due to traffic time. Measurement unit is grams for the return trip. To calculate an average estimation of emission in grams for one way commute to work, divide this value with 2.
  • Waste generation: Kilograms of waste generated per person per year ( 2000).
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total > Million metric tons per million: CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production is the sum of three IEA categories of CO2 emissions: (1) Main Activity Producer Electricity and Heat which contains the sum of emissions from main activity producer electricity generation, combined heat and power generation and heat plants. Main activity producers (formerly known as public utilities) are defined as those undertakings whose primary activity is to supply the public. They may be publicly or privately owned. This corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 1 a. For the CO2 emissions from fuel combustion (summary) file, emissions from own on-site use of fuel in power plants (EPOWERPLT) are also included. (2) Unallocated Autoproducers which contains the emissions from the generation of electricity and/or heat by autoproducers. Autoproducers are defined as undertakings that generate electricity and/or heat, wholly or partly for their own use as an activity which supports their primary activity. They may be privately or publicly owned. In the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, these emissions would normally be distributed between industry, transport and "other" sectors. (3) Other Energy Industries contains emissions from fuel combusted in petroleum refineries, for the manufacture of solid fuels, coal mining, oil and gas extraction and other energy-producing industries. This corresponds to the IPCC Source/Sink Categories 1 A 1 b and 1 A 1 c. According to the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, emissions from coke inputs to blast furnaces can either be counted here or in the Industrial Processes source/sink category. Within detailed sectoral calculations, certain non-energy processes can be distinguished. In the reduction of iron in a blast furnace through the combustion of coke, the primary purpose of the coke oxidation is to produce pig iron and the emissions can be considered as an industrial process. Care must be taken not to double count these emissions in both Energy and Industrial Processes. In the IEA estimations, these emissions have been included in this category. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Water > Freshwater pollution: Industrial organic pollutants per available freshwater
    Units: Metric Tons of BOD Emissions per Cubic Km of Water
    Units: Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants. The data from the World Bank, which represented BOD emissions (kilograms per day) were normalized by the combination of water availability per capita and water inflow availability per capita from the WaterGap2.1 model. In calculating the ESI, the base-10 logarithm of this variable was used.
  • Forest area > Sq. km > Per capita: Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees, whether productive or not. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Municipal waste generation per million: Kilograms of municipal waste generated per year (2000). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Waste > Local garbage collected: Municipal waste collected.
  • Marine fish catch per 1000: Total marine fish catch
    Units: Metric Tons. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Water > Severe water stress: Percent of country's territory under severe water stress
    Units: Percent of Land Area
    Units: This data is derived from the WaterGap 2.1 gridded hydrological model developed by the Center for Environmental Systems Research, University of Kassel, Germany. The modellers derived, for each country, grid cell by grid cell estimates of whether the water consumption exceeds 40 percent of the water available in that particular grid cell. These were then converted to land area equivalents in order to calculate the percentage of the territory under severe water stress.
  • Pollution perceptions > Noise and light pollution: Noise and Light Pollution. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How concerned are you with noise pollution and light during the night in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Endangered species > Mammal species > Number: Mammal species are mammals excluding whales and porpoises. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known."
  • Biodiversity > Mammal species, threatened: Mammal species, threatened. Mammal species are mammals excluding whales and porpoises. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known.
  • Pollution perceptions > Drinking water quality: Drinking Water Quality and Accessibility. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How do you find quality and the accessibility of drinking water?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • CO2 emissions > Kt: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.
  • Pollution perceptions > Pollution index: Pollution Index is an estimation of the overall pollution in the city. The biggest weight is given to air pollution, than to water pollution/accessibility, two main pollution factors. Small weight is given to other pollution types.
  • Water > Drinking water > Population with improved drinking water sources > Urban and rural: Proportion of the population using improved drinking water sources, total.
  • National parks > Number of parks: Number of parks.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Emissions > CO2 emissions > Metric tons per capita: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring."
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions > Metric tons per capita: CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita). Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.
  • Biodiversity > Bird species, threatened: Bird species, threatened. Birds are listed for countries included within their breeding or wintering ranges. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known.
  • Carbon efficiency: Carbon economic efficiency (CO2 emissions per dollar GDP)
    Units: Metric Tons/US Dollar GDP
  • CO2 emissions > Kt per 1000: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Endangered species > Bird species: Birds are listed for countries included within their breeding or wintering ranges. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known."
  • Adjusted net national income > Constant 2000 US$ per capita: Adjusted net national income (constant 2000 US$). Adjusted net national income is GNI minus consumption of fixed capital and natural resources depletion. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • National parks > Proportion of country area: Country area.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Total renewable water resources per million: . Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • SO2 emissions per populated area: SO2 emissions per populated land area
    Units: 1000 Metric Tons/Sq. Km. of Populated Land Area
    Units: We obtained the total emissions for each country by summarizing emissions data, originally available as a grid map with 1 degree x 1 degree cells. Air pollution is generally greatest in densely populated areas. To take this into account, we used the Gridded Population of the World dataset available from CIESIN and calculated the total land area in each country inhabited with a population density of greater than 5 persons per sq. km. We then used this land area as a denominator for the emissions data.
  • Waste > Hazardous waste created: Annual generation of hazardous waste (as defined by the Basel Convention).
  • Waste > Local garbage collected per thousand people: Municipal waste collected. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Biodiversity > Fish species, threatened: Fish species, threatened. Fish species are based on Froese, R. and Pauly, D. (eds). 2008. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known.
  • Waste generation per million: Kilograms of waste generated per person per year ( 2000). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions > Kt: CO2 emissions (kt). Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.
  • CO2 emissions > Kt > Per capita: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Endangered species > Fish species > Number: Fish species are based on Froese, R. and Pauly, D. (eds). 2008. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known."
  • Pollution perceptions > Waste management dissatisfaction: Dissatisfaction with Garbage Disposal. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with a garbage disposal in the city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Water > Percent of water resources used: Proportion of total water resources used, percentage.
  • Endangered species > Higher plant species > Number: Higher plants are native vascular plant species. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known."
  • NOx emissions per populated area: NOx emissions per populated land area
    Units: 1000 Metric Tons/Sq. Km. of Populated Land Area
    Units: We obtained the total emissions for each country by summarizing emissions data, originally available as a grid map with 1 degree x 1 degree cells. Air pollution is generally greatest in densely populated areas. To take this into account, we used the Gridded Population of the World dataset available from CIESIN and calculated the total land area in each country inhabited with a population density of greater than 5 persons per sq. km. We then used this land area as a denominator for the emissions data.
  • Water > Dissolved oxygen concentration: Dissolved oxygen concentration
    Units: Milligrams/Liter
    Units: The country values represent averages of the station-level values for the three year time period 1994-96, exceptwhere data were only available for an earlier time period (1988-1993). The number of stations per country varies depending on country size; number of bodies of water; and level of participation in the GEMS monitoring system. The data from "The Wellbeing of Nations" included a smaller subset of stations representing outfalls of major watersheds. An analysis of a sample of countries with numerous stations found that the data for stations in the subset is broadly comparable to the data for all GEMS stations in those countries.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions > Kt per 1000: CO2 emissions (kt). Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Forest area > Sq. km: Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees, whether productive or not.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions > Kg per 2000 US$ of GDP: CO2 emissions (kg per 2000 US$ of GDP). Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.
  • Sanitation > Population with improved sanitation > Urban and rural: Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities, total.
  • Emissions > CO2 emissions > Kt: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring."
  • Pollution perceptions > Clean, tidy cities: Clean and Tidy. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Do you find city clean and tidy?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Water > Availability: Water availability per capita (1961-1990 (avg.))
    Units: Thousands Cubic Meters/Person
    Units: This variable measures internal renewable water (average annual surface runoff and groundwater recharge generated from endogenous precipitation)
  • Water > Drinking water > Population with improved drinking water sources > Rural: Proportion of the population using improved drinking water sources, rural.
  • Biodiversity > Plant species > Higher, threatened: Plant species (higher), threatened. Higher plants are native vascular plant species. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known.
  • Adjusted net national income > Current US$ per capita: Adjusted net national income (current US$). Adjusted net national income is GNI minus consumption of fixed capital and natural resources depletion. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Waste water treatment expenditure: Annual spending on waste water treatment (USD per person) per year (2000).
  • Waste > Population served by local garbage collection: Total population served by municipal waste collection.
  • National parks > Total area: Total area km².

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Biodiversity > Number: GEF benefits index for biodiversity is a composite index of relative biodiversity potential for each country based on the species represented in each country, their threat status, and the diversity of habitat types in each country. The index has been normalized so that values run from 0 (no biodiversity potential) to 100 (maximum biodiversity potential)."
  • Adjusted net national income > Current US$: Adjusted net national income (current US$). Adjusted net national income is GNI minus consumption of fixed capital and natural resources depletion.
  • Water > Freshwater internal flow per capita: Internal flow of water: River run-off and groundwater produced during a year through perception minus evaporation. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Water > Freshwater internal flow: Internal flow of water: River run-off and groundwater produced during a year through perception minus evaporation.
  • Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Emissions (CO2 equivalent): Carbon dioxide equivalent of all greenhouse gas emissions not including human-based land use, land use change and forestry. These numbers do not represent total greenhouse gas emissions, but rather the total amount of CO2 that would have to be emitted to have the same global warming potential (GWP) as the total amount of greenhouse gases emitted. The GWP of a greenhouse gas is useful in determining a country's overall impact on climate change.
  • Pollution perceptions > Urban comfort > Low pollution: Comfortable to Spend Time in the City. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Are you feeling comfortable to spend time in the city because of the pollution?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Waste > Hazardous waste created per thousand people: Annual generation of hazardous waste (as defined by the Basel Convention). Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Protected area: Environmentally protected area (1997)
  • Biodiversity > GEF benefits index for biodiversity > 0 = no biodiversity potential to 100 = maximum: GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0 = no biodiversity potential to 100 = maximum). GEF benefits index for biodiversity is a composite index of relative biodiversity potential for each country based on the species represented in each country, their threat status, and the diversity of habitat types in each country. The index has been normalized so that values run from 0 (no biodiversity potential) to 100 (maximum biodiversity potential).
  • Pollution perceptions > Dirty, untidy cities: Dirty and Untidy. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Do you find city clean and tidy?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Emissions > CO2 emissions > Kg per 2000 US$ of GDP: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring."
  • Pollution perceptions > Free of noise and light pollution: Quiet and No Problem with Night Lights. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How concerned are you with noise pollution and light during the night in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Freshwater > Renewable internal freshwater resources > Total > Billion cubic meters: Renewable internal freshwater resources flows refer to internal renewable resources (internal river flows and groundwater from rainfall) in the country.
  • Acidification: Percentage of country with acidification excedence
    Units: Percent of Land Area
    Units: From a map of acidification excedence, all areas at risk within each country were added together in order to calculate the percentage of the entire country at risk of excedence. See pages 21-22 of the 2001 ESI report for more details on how the acidification excedence map was produced.
  • Emissions > Methane emissions > Kt of CO2 equivalent: Methane emissions are those stemming from human activities such as agriculture and from industrial methane production.
  • Pollution > Nuclear waste: Wastes from spent fuel arising in nuclear power plants, measured in terms of heavy metal. Data for 1998 or latest available year.
  • Water > Net freshwater supplied by water supply industry per capita: Water supplied annually, where losses during transportation have been subtracted. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Freshwater > Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita > Cubic meters: Renewable internal freshwater resources flows refer to internal renewable resources (internal river flows and groundwater from rainfall) in the country. Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita are calculated using the World Bank's population estimates.
  • Pollution > PM10, country level > Micrograms per cubic meter: PM10, country level (micrograms per cubic meter). Particulate matter concentrations refer to fine suspended particulates less than 10 microns in diameter (PM10) that are capable of penetrating deep into the respiratory tract and causing significant health damage. Data for countries and aggregates for regions and income groups are urban-population weighted PM10 levels in residential areas of cities with more than 100,000 residents. The estimates represent the average annual exposure level of the average urban resident to outdoor particulate matter. The state of a country's technology and pollution controls is an important determinant of particulate matter concentrations.
  • Wetlands of intl importance > Area: Wetlands of international importance 2002
  • Biodiversity and protected areas > Terrestrial protected areas > Number: Terrestrial protected areas are those officially documented by national authorities.
  • CO2 emissions > Kg per 2000 PPP $ of GDP: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.
  • Proportion of land and marine area under protection: Terrestrial and marine areas protected to total territorial area, percentage.
  • Endangered species protection: Percent of CITES reporting requirements met
    Units: Percent of Requirements Met
    Units: Countries that have not ratified the CITES convention are recorded as having zero percent of their requirements met.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from other sectors, excluding residential buildings and commercial and public services > Million metric tons: CO2 emissions from other sectors, excluding residential buildings and commercial and public services (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from other sectors, less residential buildings and commercial and public services, contains the emissions from commercial/institutional activities, residential, agriculture/forestry, fishing and other emissions not specified elsewhere that are included in the IPCC Source/Sink Categories 1 A 4 and 1 A 5. In the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, the category also includes emissions from autoproducers in the commercial/residential/agricultural sectors that generate electricity and/or heat. The IEA data are not collected in a way that allows the energy consumption to be split by specific end-use and therefore, autoproducers are shown as a separate item (Unallocated Autoproducers).
  • Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) > Emissions (CO2 equivalent) per million people: Carbon dioxide equivalent of sulphur hexafluoride emissions over 100 years. These numbers do not represent total SF6 emissions, but rather the total amount of CO2 that would have to be emitted to have the same global warming potential (GWP) as the total amount of SF6 emitted over 100 years. A 100 year time scale is used since SF6 has a shorter atmospheric lifetime than CO2. The GWP of a greenhouse gas is useful in determining a country's overall impact on climate change. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Pollution perceptions > Urban discomfort from pollution: Dissatisfaction to Spend Time in the City. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Are you feeling comfortable to spend time in the city because of the pollution?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Biodiversity > GEF benefits index for biodiversity > 0 = no biodiversity potential to 100 = maximum per million: GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0 = no biodiversity potential to 100 = maximum). GEF benefits index for biodiversity is a composite index of relative biodiversity potential for each country based on the species represented in each country, their threat status, and the diversity of habitat types in each country. The index has been normalized so that values run from 0 (no biodiversity potential) to 100 (maximum biodiversity potential). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Pollution > Carbon Dioxide per capita: Tons of Carbon Dioxide produced per capita in 1998 or latest available year. Carbon dioxide from energy use only. Excludes international marine bunkers.
  • Water > Population connected to wastewater treatment: Population connected to wastewater treatment.
  • Sanitation > Population with improved sanitation > Rural: Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities, rural.
  • Water > Drinking water > Population with improved drinking water sources > Urban: Proportion of the population using improved drinking water sources, urban.
  • Commitment to Development Index (environment): The Commitment to Development Index (CDI) ranks the world’s richest countries on their commitment to policies that benefit the poorer nations. The environment component of the index measures what these countries do to reduce their use of scarce natural resources. The score goes up if their "greenhouse gas" emissions are falling, their fuel taxes are high, do not subsidize the fishing industry, or have a low fossil fuel rate per capita.
  • Waste water treatment expenditure per million: Annual spending on waste water treatment (USD per person) per year (2000). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Municipal waste treatment expenditure per million: Annual spending on municipal waste disposal (USD per person). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Methane (CH4) > Emissions (CO2 equivalent): Carbon dioxide equivalent of methane emissions not including human-based land use, land use change and forestry. These numbers do not represent total methane emissions, but rather the total amount of CO2 that would have to be emitted to have the same global warming potential (GWP) as the amount of methane emitted, which is 21 times more CO2. The GWP of a greenhouse gas is useful in determining a country's overall impact on climate change.
  • Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Carbon dioxide (CO2) > CO2 emissions per thousand people: Amount of carbon dioxide emissions by select Western countries. Amounts are by thousand metric tons. . Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) > Emissions (CO2 equivalent): Carbon dioxide equivalent of sulphur hexafluoride emissions over 100 years. These numbers do not represent total SF6 emissions, but rather the total amount of CO2 that would have to be emitted to have the same global warming potential (GWP) as the total amount of SF6 emitted over 100 years. A 100 year time scale is used since SF6 has a shorter atmospheric lifetime than CO2. The GWP of a greenhouse gas is useful in determining a country's overall impact on climate change.
  • Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Carbon dioxide (CO2) > CO2 emissions: Amount of carbon dioxide emissions by select Western countries. Amounts are by thousand metric tons. 
  • Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Methane (CH4) > Emissions (CO2 equivalent) per thousand people: Carbon dioxide equivalent of methane emissions not including human-based land use, land use change and forestry. These numbers do not represent total methane emissions, but rather the total amount of CO2 that would have to be emitted to have the same global warming potential (GWP) as the amount of methane emitted, which is 21 times more CO2. The GWP of a greenhouse gas is useful in determining a country's overall impact on climate change. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Pollution perceptions > Waste management satisfaction: Garbage Disposal Satisfaction. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with a garbage disposal in the city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Emissions > Nitrous oxide emissions > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent: Nitrous oxide emissions are emissions from agricultural biomass burning, industrial activities, and livestock management."
  • Wildness: Percent of land area having very low anthropogenic impact
    Units: Percent of Land Area
    Units: Global grids for population (GPW), land use (USGS AVHRR based classification from EROS data center), VMAP roads, VMAP railways, VMAP coastlines, VMAP major rivers and the stable lights data were all scored for "wildness". The scores were aggregated and normalized.
  • Biosphere > Reserves area: Biosphere reserves area 2002.
  • Forest area > Sq. km per 1000: Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees, whether productive or not. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Threatened species > Mammal: Number of threatened mammal species (1997)
  • Municipal waste treatment expenditure: Annual spending on municipal waste disposal (USD per person).
  • World Heritage Sites (environmental): Natural sites.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Known mammal species: Known mammal species (1992-2002).
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services > Million metric tons: CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services contains all emissions from fuel combustion in households. This corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 4 b. Commercial and public services includes emissions from all activities of ISIC Divisions 41, 50-52, 55, 63-67, 70-75, 80, 85, 90-93 and 99.
  • Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Total > Billion cubic meters: Annual freshwater withdrawals refer to total water withdrawals, not counting evaporation losses from storage basins. Withdrawals also include water from desalination plants in countries where they are a significant source. Withdrawals can exceed 100 percent of total renewable resources where extraction from nonrenewable aquifers or desalination plants is considerable or where there is significant water reuse. Withdrawals for agriculture and industry are total withdrawals for irrigation and livestock production and for direct industrial use (including withdrawals for cooling thermoelectric plants). Withdrawals for domestic uses include drinking water, municipal use or supply, and use for public services, commercial establishments, and homes. Data are for the most recent year available for 1987-2002."
  • Pollution > Carbon dioxide 1999: 1999 total CO2 emissions from fossil-fuel burning, cement production, and gas flaring. Emissions are expressed in thousand metric tons of carbon (not CO2).
  • Breeding birds threatened: Percentage of breeding birds threatened
    Units: Percent of Breeding Birds
    Units: The number of bird species threatened divided by known bird species in the country, expressed as a percentage.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption > Kt per 1000: CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt). Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption > Kt: CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt). Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption > Kt per 1000: CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt). Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of petroleum-derived fuels as an energy source. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption > Kt: CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt). Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of natural gas as an energy source.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption > Kt per 1000: CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt). Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of natural gas as an energy source. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Climate change > Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent per million: Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent). Other greenhouse gas emissions are by-product emissions of hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Biodiversity and protected areas > Marine protected areas > Number: Marine protected areas are areas of intertidal or subtidal terrain--and overlying water and associated flora and fauna and historical and cultural features--that have been reserved by law or other effective means to protect part or all of the enclosed environment.
  • Sanitation > Population with improved sanitation > Urban: Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities, urban.
  • Emissions > Other greenhouse gas emissions > HFC > PFC and SF6 > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent: Other greenhouse gas emissions are by-product emissions of hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride."
  • Urban SO2 concentration: Urban SO2 concentration
    Units: Micrograms/m3
    Units: The values were originally collected at the city level. Each nation varied in terms of the number of cities reported, so this data should be used with some caution. Within each country the values have been normalized by city population for the year 1995, then added together to obtain the total concentration for the given country.
  • Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Nitrous oxide (N2O) > Emissions (CO2 equivalent) per million people: Carbon dioxide equivalent of nitrous oxide emissions not including human-based land use, land use change and forestry. These numbers do not represent total NO2 emissions, but rather the total amount of CO2 that would have to be emitted to have the same global warming potential (GWP) as the total amount of NO2 emitted, which is 310 times more CO2. The GWP of a greenhouse gas is useful in determining a country's overall impact on climate change. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Consumption of fixed capital > Current US$: Consumption of fixed capital represents the replacement value of capital used up in the process of production.
  • Pollution > Nuclear waste efficiency: This is the amount of nuclear waste produced per unit of energy obtained. Energy obtained is measured in units equivalent to the energy obtained from using one million tons of oil. Data from 1998 or latest available year. "Nuclear Waste" is waste from spent fuel arising in nuclear power plants, measured in terms of heavy metal.
  • Sustainability-satisfying companies: Dow Jones Sustainability Group Index: percent of eligible companies in index
    Units: Percentage
    Units: For each country, the number of companies in the Sustainability Index was divided by the number of companies in the Global Index.
  • Water > Surface and Groundwater inflow: Inflow of surface and groundwaters for neighboring countries.
  • Water > Population connected to wastewater collecting system: Population connected to wastewater collecting system.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted net savings > Including particulate emission damage > Current US$: Adjusted net savings are equal to net national savings plus education expenditure and minus energy depletion, mineral depletion, net forest depletion, and carbon dioxide and particulate emissions damage."
  • Environmental agreement compliance: Compliance with environmental agreements (WEF survey)
    Units: Survey Responses Ranging from 1 (Strongly Disagree) to 7
    Units: Response to the statement: "Compliance with international environmental agreements is a high priority.
  • Pollution > Carbon dioxide 1999 per 1000: 1999 total CO2 emissions from fossil-fuel burning, cement production, and gas flaring. Emissions are expressed in thousand metric tons of carbon (not CO2). Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Pollution > Nuclear waste per million: Wastes from spent fuel arising in nuclear power plants, measured in terms of heavy metal. Data for 1998 or latest available year. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Emissions > PM10 > Country level > Micrograms per cubic meter: Particulate matter concentrations refer to fine suspended particulates less than 10 microns in diameter (PM10) that are capable of penetrating deep into the respiratory tract and causing significant health damage. Data for countries and aggregates for regions and income groups are urban-population weighted PM10 levels in residential areas of cities with more than 100,000 residents. The estimates represent the average annual exposure level of the average urban resident to outdoor particulate matter. The state of a country's technology and pollution controls is an important determinant of particulate matter concentrations."
  • Known mammal species per million: Known mammal species (1992-2002). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Wetlands of intl importance > Area per million: Wetlands of international importance 2002. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Areas under protection per million: Protected Areas under IUCN management categories I - VI (1992-2003). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Water > Salinisation: Electrical conductivity
    Units: Micro-Siemens/Centimeter
    Units: The country values represent averages of the station-level values for the three year time period 1994-96, except where data were only available for an earlier time period (1988-1993). The number of stations per country varies depending on country size; number of water bodies; and level of participation in the GEMS monitoring system.
  • Areas under protection: Protected Areas under IUCN management categories I - VI (1992-2003)
  • Biosphere > Reserves area per million: Biosphere reserves area 2002. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Fertiliser > Consumption: Fertilizer consumption per hectare of arable land
    Units: Hundreds Grams/Hectare of Arable Land
  • Urban NO2 concentration: Urban NO2 concentration
    Units: Micrograms/m3
    Units: The values were originally collected at the city level. Each nation varied in terms of the number of cities reported, so this data should be used with some caution. Within each country the values have been normalized by city population for the year 1995, then added together to obtain the total concentration for the given country.
  • Non-wildness: Percent of land area having very high anthropogenic impact
    Units: Percent of Land Area
    Units: Global grids for population (GPW), land use (USGS AVHRR based classification from EROS data center), VMAP roads, VMAP railways, VMAP coastlines, VMAP major rivers and the stable lights data were all scored for "wildness". The scores were aggregated and normalized.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Net national savings > Current US$: Net national savings are equal to gross national savings less the value of consumption of fixed capital.
  • Water pollution > Clay and glass industry > % of total BOD emissions: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: stone, ceramics, and glass (36). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Emissions > CO2 emissions > Kg per 2005 PPP $ of GDP: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring."
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted net savings > Including particulate emission damage > % of GNI: Adjusted net savings are equal to net national savings plus education expenditure and minus energy depletion, mineral depletion, net forest depletion, and carbon dioxide and particulate emissions damage."
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted net savings > Excluding particulate emission damage > Current US$: Adjusted net savings are equal to net national savings plus education expenditure and minus energy depletion, mineral depletion, net forest depletion, and carbon dioxide. This series excludes particulate emissions damage."
  • Known breeding bird species per million: Known breeding bird mammal species (1992-2002). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Emissions > CO2 emissions > Kg per PPP $ of GDP: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring."
  • Water pollution > Metal industry > % of total BOD emissions: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: primary metals (ISIC division 37). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Expenditure pollution control as % of GDP: Expenditure on pollution controland abatement as % of GDP, 1999 .
  • Emissions > Agricultural methane emissions > % of total: Agricultural methane emissions are emissions from animals, animal waste, rice production, agricultural waste burning (nonenergy, on-site), and savannah burning."
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption > Kt: CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt). Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of petroleum-derived fuels as an energy source.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Particulate emission damage > Current US$: Particulate emissions damage is calculated as the willingness to pay to avoid mortality attributable to particulate emissions.
  • Forest area > % of land area: Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees, whether productive or not.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Net national savings > % of GNI: Net national savings are equal to gross national savings less the value of consumption of fixed capital.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Particulate emission damage > % of GNI: Particulate emissions damage is calculated as the willingness to pay to avoid mortality attributable to particulate emissions.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services > % of total fuel combustion: CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services (% of total fuel combustion). CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services contains all emissions from fuel combustion in households. This corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 4 b. Commercial and public services includes emissions from all activities of ISIC Divisions 41, 50-52, 55, 63-67, 70-75, 80, 85, 90-93 and 99.
  • Waste water treatment expenditure, % of GDP: Annual spending on waste water treatment (USD per person) per year (2000). Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Water pollution > Food industry > % of total BOD emissions: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: food and beverages (31). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Net forest depletion > Current US$: Net forest depletion is calculated as the product of unit resource rents and the excess of roundwood harvest over natural growth.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted net savings > Excluding particulate emission damage > % of GNI: Adjusted net savings are equal to net national savings plus education expenditure and minus energy depletion, mineral depletion, net forest depletion, and carbon dioxide. This series excludes particulate emissions damage."
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Energy depletion > Current US$: Energy depletion is equal to the product of unit resource rents and the physical quantities of energy extracted. It covers crude oil, natural gas, and coal."
  • Emissions > Industrial methane emissions > % of total: Industrial methane emissions are emissions from the handling, transmission, and combustion of fossil fuels and biofuels."
  • Emissions > CO2 intensity > Kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use: Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Mineral depletion > % of GNI: Mineral depletion is equal to the product of unit resource rents and the physical quantities of minerals extracted. It refers to bauxite, copper, iron, lead, nickel, phosphate, tin, zinc, gold, and silver."
  • PM10 > Country level > Micrograms per cubic meter: Particulate matter concentrations refer to fine suspended particulates less than 10 microns in diameter (PM10) that are capable of penetrating deep into the respiratory tract and causing significant health damage. Data for countries and aggregates for regions and income groups are urban-population weighted PM10 levels in residential areas of cities with more than 100,000 residents. The estimates represent the average annual exposure level of the average urban resident to outdoor particulate matter. The state of a countryÂ’s technology and pollution controls is an important determinant of particulate matter concentrations.
  • Natural gas rents > % of GDP: Natural gas rents (% of GDP). Natural gas rents are the difference between the value of natural gas production at world prices and total costs of production.
  • Climate change > GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF > Mt of CO2 equivalent: GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (Mt of CO2 equivalent). GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF refers to changes in atmospheric levels of all greenhouse gases attributable to forest and land-use change activities, including but not limited to (1) emissions and removals of CO2 from decreases or increases in biomass stocks due to forest management, logging, fuelwood collection, etc.; (2) conversion of existing forests and natural grasslands to other land uses; (3) removal of CO2 from the abandonment of formerly managed lands (e.g. croplands and pastures); and (4) emissions and removals of CO2 in soil associated with land-use change and management. For Annex-I countries under the UNFCCC, these data are drawn from the annual GHG inventories submitted to the UNFCCC by each country; for non-Annex-I countries, data are drawn from the most recently submitted National Communication where available. Because of differences in reporting years and methodologies, these data are not generally considered comparable across countries. Data are in million metric tons.
  • Pollution perceptions > Green space and parks dissatisfaction: Dissatisfaction with Green and Parks in the City. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with green and parks in the city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Domestic > % of total freshwater withdrawal: Annual freshwater withdrawals refer to total water withdrawals, not counting evaporation losses from storage basins. Withdrawals also include water from desalination plants in countries where they are a significant source. Withdrawals can exceed 100 percent of total renewable resources where extraction from nonrenewable aquifers or desalination plants is considerable or where there is significant water reuse. Withdrawals for domestic uses include drinking water, municipal use or supply, and use for public services, commercial establishments, and homes. Data are for the most recent year available for 1987-2002."
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Mineral depletion > Current US$: Mineral depletion is equal to the product of unit resource rents and the physical quantities of minerals extracted. It refers to bauxite, copper, iron, lead, nickel, phosphate, tin, zinc, gold, and silver."
  • Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Total > % of internal resources: Annual freshwater withdrawals refer to total water withdrawals, not counting evaporation losses from storage basins. Withdrawals also include water from desalination plants in countries where they are a significant source. Withdrawals can exceed 100 percent of total renewable resources where extraction from nonrenewable aquifers or desalination plants is considerable or where there is significant water reuse. Withdrawals for agriculture and industry are total withdrawals for irrigation and livestock production and for direct industrial use (including withdrawals for cooling thermoelectric plants). Withdrawals for domestic uses include drinking water, municipal use or supply, and use for public services, commercial establishments, and homes. Data are for the most recent year available for 1987-2002."
  • Adjusted net national income > Constant 2000 US$, % of GDP: Adjusted net national income (constant 2000 US$). Adjusted net national income is GNI minus consumption of fixed capital and natural resources depletion. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Adjusted net national income > Current US$, % of GDP: Adjusted net national income (current US$). Adjusted net national income is GNI minus consumption of fixed capital and natural resources depletion. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Gross savings > % of GNI: Gross savings are the difference between gross national income and public and private consumption, plus net current transfers."
  • Municipal waste treatment expenditure, % of GDP: Annual spending on municipal waste disposal (USD per person). Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Water pollution > Wood industry > % of total BOD emissions: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: wood (33). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Pollution > Nitrogen Oxides per capita: Kilogram weight of Nitrogen Oxides produced per capita in 1998 or latest available year.
  • Biodiversity and protected areas > Terrestrial protected areas > % of total surface area: Terrestrial protected areas are those officially documented by national authorities.
  • Water pollution > Other industry > % of total BOD emissions: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: other (38 and 39). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Biodiversity and protected areas > Marine protected areas > % of total surface area: Marine protected areas are areas of intertidal or subtidal terrain--and overlying water and associated flora and fauna and historical and cultural features--that have been reserved by law or other effective means to protect part or all of the enclosed environment.
  • Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Industry > % of total freshwater withdrawal: Annual freshwater withdrawals refer to total water withdrawals, not counting evaporation losses from storage basins. Withdrawals also include water from desalination plants in countries where they are a significant source. Withdrawals can exceed 100 percent of total renewable resources where extraction from nonrenewable aquifers or desalination plants is considerable or where there is significant water reuse. Withdrawals for industry are total withdrawals for direct industrial use (including withdrawals for cooling thermoelectric plants). Data are for the most recent year available for 1987-2002."
  • Water > Phosphorus concentration: Phosphorus concentration
    Units: Milligrams/Liter
    Units: The country values represent averages of the station-level values for the three year time period 1994-96, except where data were only available for an earlier time period (1988-1993). The number of stations per country varies depending on country size; number of bodies of water; and level of participation in the GEMS monitoring system. The data from "The Wellbeing of Nations" included a smaller subset of stations representing outfalls of major watersheds. An analysis of a sample of countries with numerous stations found that the data for stations in the subset is broadly comparable to the data for all GEMS stations in those countries.
  • Pollution perceptions > Green space and parks satisfaction: Quality of Green and Parks. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with green and parks in the city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Known breeding bird species: Known breeding bird mammal species (1992-2002).
  • Water pollution > Textile industry > % of total BOD emissions: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: textiles (32). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Total natural resources rents > % of GDP: Total natural resources rents (% of GDP). Total natural resources rents are the sum of oil rents, natural gas rents, coal rents (hard and soft), mineral rents, and forest rents.
  • Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change sign date: Signature.
  • Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) > Emissions (CO2 equivalent) per million people: Carbon dioxide equivalent of Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) emissions over a 100 year period. These numbers do not represent total HFCs emissions over 100 years, but rather the total amount of CO2 that would have to be emitted to have the same global warming potential (GWP) as the total amount of HFCs emitted over 100 years. A 100 year timeframe is used since HFCs have a shorter atmospheric lifetime than CO2. The GWP of a greenhouse gas is useful in determining a country's overall impact on climate change. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Kyoto Protocol sign date: Signed.
  • Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) > Emissions (CO2 equivalent): Carbon dioxide equivalent of Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) emissions over a 100 year period. These numbers do not represent total HFCs emissions over 100 years, but rather the total amount of CO2 that would have to be emitted to have the same global warming potential (GWP) as the total amount of HFCs emitted over 100 years. A 100 year timeframe is used since HFCs have a shorter atmospheric lifetime than CO2. The GWP of a greenhouse gas is useful in determining a country's overall impact on climate change.
  • Water pollution > Chemical industry > % of total BOD emissions: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: chemicals (35). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Water > Net freshwater supplied by water supply industry: Water supplied annually, where losses during transportation have been subtracted.
  • Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Agriculture > % of total freshwater withdrawal: Annual freshwater withdrawals refer to total water withdrawals, not counting evaporation losses from storage basins. Withdrawals also include water from desalination plants in countries where they are a significant source. Withdrawals can exceed 100 percent of total renewable resources where extraction from nonrenewable aquifers or desalination plants is considerable or where there is significant water reuse. Withdrawals for agriculture are total withdrawals for irrigation and livestock production. Data are for the most recent year available for 1987-2002."
  • Organic water pollutant > BOD emissions > Kg per day per worker: Emissions per worker are total emissions of organic water pollutants divided by the number of industrial workers. Organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Perfluorcarbons (PFCs) > Emissions (CO2 equivalent): Carbon dioxide equivalent of perfluorocarbons emissions over 100 years. These numbers do not represent total PFCs emissions, but rather the total amount of CO2 that would have to be emitted to have the same global warming potential (GWP) as the total amount of PFCs emitted over 100 years. A 100 year time scale is used since PFCs have a shorter atmospheric lifetime than CO2. The GWP of a greenhouse gas is useful in determining a country's overall impact on climate change.
  • International agreements > Signed but not ratified: The various international environmental agreements which a country has signed but not ratified. Agreements are listed in alphabetical order by the abbreviated form of the full name.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Energy depletion > % of GNI: Energy depletion is equal to the product of unit resource rents and the physical quantities of energy extracted. It covers crude oil, natural gas, and coal."
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Carbon dioxide damage > % of GNI: Carbon dioxide damage is estimated to be $20 per ton of carbon (the unit damage in 1995 U.S. dollars) times the number of tons of carbon emitted.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Consumption of fixed capital > % of GNI: Consumption of fixed capital represents the replacement value of capital used up in the process of production.
  • Water > Suspended solids: Suspended solids
    Units: Natural Log of Milligrams/Liter
    Units: The country values represent averages of the station-level values for the three year time period 1994-96, exceptwhere data were only available for an earlier time period (1988-1993). The number of stations per country varies depending on country size; number of bodies of water; and level of participation in the GEMS monitoring system. Data from "The Wellbeing of Nations" included a smaller subset of stations representing outfalls of majorwatersheds. An analysis of a sample of countries with numerous stations found that the data for stations in the subset is broadly comparable to the data for all GEMS stations in those countries. The data in this table was transformed using the natural logarithm.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption > % of total: CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total). Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of petroleum-derived fuels as an energy source.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services > Million metric tons per million: CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services contains all emissions from fuel combustion in households. This corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 4 b. Commercial and public services includes emissions from all activities of ISIC Divisions 41, 50-52, 55, 63-67, 70-75, 80, 85, 90-93 and 99. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Nitrous oxide (N2O) > Emissions (CO2 equivalent): Carbon dioxide equivalent of nitrous oxide emissions not including human-based land use, land use change and forestry. These numbers do not represent total NO2 emissions, but rather the total amount of CO2 that would have to be emitted to have the same global warming potential (GWP) as the total amount of NO2 emitted, which is 310 times more CO2. The GWP of a greenhouse gas is useful in determining a country's overall impact on climate change.
  • CO2 Emissions: CO2: Total Emissions (excluding land-use) Units: thousand metric tonnes of carbon dioxide
  • Climate change > GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF > Mt of CO2 equivalent per million: GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (Mt of CO2 equivalent). GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF refers to changes in atmospheric levels of all greenhouse gases attributable to forest and land-use change activities, including but not limited to (1) emissions and removals of CO2 from decreases or increases in biomass stocks due to forest management, logging, fuelwood collection, etc.; (2) conversion of existing forests and natural grasslands to other land uses; (3) removal of CO2 from the abandonment of formerly managed lands (e.g. croplands and pastures); and (4) emissions and removals of CO2 in soil associated with land-use change and management. For Annex-I countries under the UNFCCC, these data are drawn from the annual GHG inventories submitted to the UNFCCC by each country; for non-Annex-I countries, data are drawn from the most recently submitted National Communication where available. Because of differences in reporting years and methodologies, these data are not generally considered comparable across countries. Data are in million metric tons. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Adjusted savings > Particulate emission damage > % of GNI: Particulate emissions damage is calculated as the willingness to pay to avoid mortality attributable to particulate emissions.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption > % of total: CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total). Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of natural gas as an energy source.
  • Water > Drinking water > Population with improved sanitation > Rural: Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities, rural.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from other sectors, excluding residential buildings and commercial and public services > % of total fuel combustion: CO2 emissions from other sectors, excluding residential buildings and commercial and public services (% of total fuel combustion). CO2 emissions from other sectors, less residential buildings and commercial and public services, contains the emissions from commercial/institutional activities, residential, agriculture/forestry, fishing and other emissions not specified elsewhere that are included in the IPCC Source/Sink Categories 1 A 4 and 1 A 5. In the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, the category also includes emissions from autoproducers in the commercial/residential/agricultural sectors that generate electricity and/or heat. The IEA data are not collected in a way that allows the energy consumption to be split by specific end-use and therefore, autoproducers are shown as a separate item (Unallocated Autoproducers).
  • Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Perfluorcarbons (PFCs) > Emissions (CO2 equivalent) per million people: Carbon dioxide equivalent of perfluorocarbons emissions over 100 years. These numbers do not represent total PFCs emissions, but rather the total amount of CO2 that would have to be emitted to have the same global warming potential (GWP) as the total amount of PFCs emitted over 100 years. A 100 year time scale is used since PFCs have a shorter atmospheric lifetime than CO2. The GWP of a greenhouse gas is useful in determining a country's overall impact on climate change. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Water pollution > Paper and pulp industry > % of total BOD emissions: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: paper and pulp (34). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Water > Surface and Groundwater inflow per capita: Inflow of surface and groundwaters for neighboring countries. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Marine protected areas > % of territorial waters: Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters). Marine protected areas are areas of intertidal or subtidal terrain--and overlying water and associated flora and fauna and historical and cultural features--that have been reserved by law or other effective means to protect part or all of the enclosed environment.
  • Adjusted savings > Carbon dioxide damage > % of GNI: Carbon dioxide damage is estimated to be $20 per ton of carbon (the unit damage in 1995 U.S. dollars) times the number of tons of carbon emitted.
  • Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Emissions (CO2 equivalent) per thousand people: Carbon dioxide equivalent of all greenhouse gas emissions not including human-based land use, land use change and forestry. These numbers do not represent total greenhouse gas emissions, but rather the total amount of CO2 that would have to be emitted to have the same global warming potential (GWP) as the total amount of greenhouse gases emitted. The GWP of a greenhouse gas is useful in determining a country's overall impact on climate change. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total > % of total fuel combustion: CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total (% of total fuel combustion). CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production is the sum of three IEA categories of CO2 emissions: (1) Main Activity Producer Electricity and Heat which contains the sum of emissions from main activity producer electricity generation, combined heat and power generation and heat plants. Main activity producers (formerly known as public utilities) are defined as those undertakings whose primary activity is to supply the public. They may be publicly or privately owned. This corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 1 a. For the CO2 emissions from fuel combustion (summary) file, emissions from own on-site use of fuel in power plants (EPOWERPLT) are also included. (2) Unallocated Autoproducers which contains the emissions from the generation of electricity and/or heat by autoproducers. Autoproducers are defined as undertakings that generate electricity and/or heat, wholly or partly for their own use as an activity which supports their primary activity. They may be privately or publicly owned. In the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, these emissions would normally be distributed between industry, transport and "other" sectors. (3) Other Energy Industries contains emissions from fuel combusted in petroleum refineries, for the manufacture of solid fuels, coal mining, oil and gas extraction and other energy-producing industries. This corresponds to the IPCC Source/Sink Categories 1 A 1 b and 1 A 1 c. According to the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, emissions from coke inputs to blast furnaces can either be counted here or in the Industrial Processes source/sink category. Within detailed sectoral calculations, certain non-energy processes can be distinguished. In the reduction of iron in a blast furnace through the combustion of coke, the primary purpose of the coke oxidation is to produce pig iron and the emissions can be considered as an industrial process. Care must be taken not to double count these emissions in both Energy and Industrial Processes. In the IEA estimations, these emissions have been included in this category.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption > % of total: CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total). Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Net forest depletion > % of GNI: Net forest depletion is calculated as the product of unit resource rents and the excess of roundwood harvest over natural growth.
  • Climate change > Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent: Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent). Other greenhouse gas emissions are by-product emissions of hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride.
  • Emissions > Agricultural nitrous oxide emissions > % of total: Agricultural nitrous oxide emissions are emissions produced through fertilizer use (synthetic and animal manure), animal waste management, agricultural waste burning (nonenergy, on-site), and savannah burning."
STAT Switzerland United Kingdom HISTORY
Adjusted net national income > Constant 2000 US$ $348.79 billion
Ranked 19th.
$2.04 trillion
Ranked 5th. 6 times more than Switzerland
CO2 Emissions per 1000 5.69
Ranked 47th.
9.37
Ranked 25th. 65% more than Switzerland
Climate change > CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total > Million metric tons 3.71
Ranked 92nd.
196.7
Ranked 12th. 53 times more than Switzerland

Current issues air pollution from vehicle emissions and open-air burning; acid rain; water pollution from increased use of agricultural fertilizers; loss of biodiversity continues to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (has met Kyoto Protocol target of a 12.5% reduction from 1990 levels and intends to meet the legally binding target and move toward a domestic goal of a 20% cut in emissions by 2010); by 2005 the government reduced the amount of industrial and commercial waste disposed of in landfill sites to 85% of 1998 levels and recycled or composted at least 25% of household waste, increasing to 33% by 2015
Ecological footprint 5
Ranked 2nd. 6% more than United Kingdom
4.7
Ranked 5th.

Marine fish catch 0.0
Ranked 110th.
711,809 tons
Ranked 18th.
Municipal waste generation 650 kgs per person per year
Ranked 4th. 16% more than United Kingdom
560 kgs per person per year
Ranked 9th.
Pollution perceptions > Air pollution 30.11
Ranked 23th. 1% more than United Kingdom
29.68
Ranked 49th.
Pollution perceptions > Air quality 69.89
Ranked 5th.
70.32
Ranked 11th. 1% more than Switzerland
Pollution perceptions > Clean water 88.24
Ranked 1st. 21% more than United Kingdom
72.77
Ranked 9th.
Pollution perceptions > Drinking water pollution 9.03
Ranked 25th.
22.35
Ranked 47th. 2 times more than Switzerland
Pollution perceptions > Water pollution 11.76
Ranked 27th.
27.23
Ranked 51st. 2 times more than Switzerland
Proportion of land area under protection 26.3%
Ranked 41st.
27.91%
Ranked 36th. 6% more than Switzerland

Transport CO2 emission index 2,092
Ranked 14th.
3,369.84
Ranked 23th. 61% more than Switzerland
Waste generation 450 kgs per person per year
Ranked 5th.
480 kgs per person per year
Ranked 3rd. 7% more than Switzerland
Total renewable water resources 53.3 cu km
Ranked 16th.
160.6 cu km
Ranked 7th. 3 times more than Switzerland
Climate change > CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total > Million metric tons per million 0.469
Ranked 91st.
3.13
Ranked 38th. 7 times more than Switzerland

Water > Freshwater pollution 3.02 tons/cubic km
Ranked 18th.
3.34 tons/cubic km
Ranked 17th. 11% more than Switzerland
Forest area > Sq. km > Per capita 1.64 km² per 1,000 people
Ranked 122nd. 3 times more than United Kingdom
0.472 km² per 1,000 people
Ranked 163th.

Municipal waste generation per million 90.48 kgs per person per year
Ranked 4th. 10 times more than United Kingdom
9.51 kgs per person per year
Ranked 12th.
Waste > Local garbage collected 5.46 million tonnes
Ranked 19th.
32.6 million tonnes
Ranked 5th. 6 times more than Switzerland

Marine fish catch per 1000 0.0
Ranked 110th.
12.13 tons
Ranked 41st.
Water > Severe water stress 0.0
Ranked 102nd.
21
Ranked 51st.
Pollution perceptions > Noise and light pollution 42.86
Ranked 12th.
43.41
Ranked 41st. 1% more than Switzerland
Endangered species > Mammal species > Number 2
Ranked 167th.
5
Ranked 139th. 3 times more than Switzerland
Biodiversity > Mammal species, threatened 2
Ranked 173th.
5
Ranked 148th. 3 times more than Switzerland
Pollution perceptions > Drinking water quality 90.97
Ranked 3rd. 17% more than United Kingdom
77.65
Ranked 13th.
CO2 emissions > Kt 40,391.9 kt
Ranked 63th.
558,461 kt
Ranked 8th. 14 times more than Switzerland

Pollution perceptions > Pollution index 28.17
Ranked 24th.
34.29
Ranked 49th. 22% more than Switzerland
Water > Drinking water > Population with improved drinking water sources > Urban and rural 100
Ranked 5th. The same as United Kingdom
100
Ranked 14th.

National parks > Number of parks 1
Ranked 37th.
15
Ranked 10th. 15 times more than Switzerland
Emissions > CO2 emissions > Metric tons per capita 5.03
Ranked 70th.
8.84
Ranked 39th. 76% more than Switzerland

Climate change > CO2 emissions > Metric tons per capita 4.95
Ranked 72nd.
7.93
Ranked 39th. 60% more than Switzerland

Biodiversity > Bird species, threatened 3
Ranked 184th.
4
Ranked 174th. 33% more than Switzerland
Carbon efficiency 0.61 CO2 emissions/$ GDP
Ranked 104th.
1.17 CO2 emissions/$ GDP
Ranked 69th. 92% more than Switzerland
CO2 emissions > Kt per 1000 5.5 kt
Ranked 63th.
9.38 kt
Ranked 31st. 70% more than Switzerland

Endangered species > Bird species 2
Ranked 167th. The same as United Kingdom
2
Ranked 172nd.

Adjusted net national income > Constant 2000 US$ per capita $46,899.06
Ranked 3rd. 38% more than United Kingdom
$33,876.64
Ranked 9th.
National parks > Proportion of country area 0.4%
Ranked 35th.
8.2%
Ranked 2nd. 20 times more than Switzerland
Total renewable water resources per million 7.17 cu km
Ranked 11th. 3 times more than United Kingdom
2.67 cu km
Ranked 18th.
SO2 emissions per populated area 510 thousand metric tons/squ
Ranked 77th.
5,370 thousand metric tons/squ
Ranked 7th. 11 times more than Switzerland
Waste > Hazardous waste created 1.11 million tonnes
Ranked 15th.
7.29 million tonnes
Ranked 9th. 7 times more than Switzerland

Waste > Local garbage collected per thousand people 705.08 tonnes
Ranked 9th. 34% more than United Kingdom
527.41 tonnes
Ranked 24th.

Biodiversity > Fish species, threatened 9
Ranked 162nd.
43
Ranked 45th. 5 times more than Switzerland
Waste generation per million 62.64 kgs per person per year
Ranked 5th. 8 times more than United Kingdom
8.15 kgs per person per year
Ranked 12th.
Climate change > CO2 emissions > Kt 38,756.52
Ranked 69th.
493,504.86
Ranked 11th. 13 times more than Switzerland

CO2 emissions > Kt > Per capita 5.5 kt per 1,000 people
Ranked 67th.
9.37 kt per 1,000 people
Ranked 35th. 70% more than Switzerland

Endangered species > Fish species > Number 11
Ranked 130th.
34
Ranked 26th. 3 times more than Switzerland
Pollution perceptions > Waste management dissatisfaction 23.61
Ranked 24th.
37.95
Ranked 39th. 61% more than Switzerland
Water > Percent of water resources used 4.89%
Ranked 77th.
8.84%
Ranked 55th. 81% more than Switzerland

Endangered species > Higher plant species > Number 3
Ranked 118th.
14
Ranked 79th. 5 times more than Switzerland

NOx emissions per populated area 0.95 thousand metric tons/squ
Ranked 23th.
2.76 thousand metric tons/squ
Ranked 4th. 3 times more than Switzerland
Water > Dissolved oxygen concentration 10.85 mls/litre
Ranked 6th. 4% more than United Kingdom
10.4 mls/litre
Ranked 14th.
Climate change > CO2 emissions > Kt per 1000 4.95
Ranked 72nd.
7.93
Ranked 39th. 60% more than Switzerland

Forest area > Sq. km 12,210 km²
Ranked 117th.
28,450 km²
Ranked 90th. 2 times more than Switzerland

Climate change > CO2 emissions > Kg per 2000 US$ of GDP $0.09
Ranked 177th.
$0.21
Ranked 165th. 2 times more than Switzerland

Sanitation > Population with improved sanitation > Urban and rural 100
Ranked 7th. The same as United Kingdom
100
Ranked 18th.

Emissions > CO2 emissions > Kt 37,962.7
Ranked 62nd.
539,175.92
Ranked 9th. 14 times more than Switzerland

Pollution perceptions > Clean, tidy cities 76.43
Ranked 3rd. 37% more than United Kingdom
55.75
Ranked 20th.
Water > Availability 5.74 thousand cubic metres
Ranked 54th. 85% more than United Kingdom
3.1 thousand cubic metres
Ranked 68th.
Water > Drinking water > Population with improved drinking water sources > Rural 100
Ranked 4th. The same as United Kingdom
100
Ranked 14th.

Biodiversity > Plant species > Higher, threatened 4
Ranked 132nd.
15
Ranked 91st. 4 times more than Switzerland
Adjusted net national income > Current US$ per capita $73,013.61
Ranked 2nd. 2 times more than United Kingdom
$33,451.41
Ranked 17th.

Waste water treatment expenditure $101.80
Ranked 6th. 9 times more than United Kingdom
$11.10
Ranked 15th.
Waste > Population served by local garbage collection 99%
Ranked 21st.
100%
Ranked 12th. 1% more than Switzerland

National parks > Total area 170
Ranked 36th.
19,989
Ranked 3rd. 118 times more than Switzerland
Biodiversity > Number 0.23
Ranked 162nd.
3.55
Ranked 65th. 15 times more than Switzerland

Adjusted net national income > Current US$ $577.71 billion
Ranked 20th.
$2.10 trillion
Ranked 7th. 4 times more than Switzerland

Water > Freshwater internal flow per capita 5,258.96 cubic metres
Ranked 13th. 91% more than United Kingdom
2,748.33 cubic metres
Ranked 10th.

Water > Freshwater internal flow 39.71 billion cubic metres
Ranked 17th.
169.88 billion cubic metres
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than Switzerland

Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Emissions (CO2 equivalent) 54,247.3
Ranked 30th.
594,021.5
Ranked 7th. 11 times more than Switzerland

Pollution perceptions > Urban comfort > Low pollution 78.75
Ranked 6th.
78.96
Ranked 9th. About the same as Switzerland
Waste > Hazardous waste created per thousand people 152.65 tonnes
Ranked 8th. 29% more than United Kingdom
118.66 tonnes
Ranked 22nd.

Protected area 18%
Ranked 15th.
20.5%
Ranked 11th. 14% more than Switzerland
Biodiversity > GEF benefits index for biodiversity > 0 = no biodiversity potential to 100 = maximum 0.227
Ranked 167th.
3.55
Ranked 66th. 16 times more than Switzerland

Pollution perceptions > Dirty, untidy cities 23.57
Ranked 25th.
44.25
Ranked 40th. 88% more than Switzerland
Emissions > CO2 emissions > Kg per 2000 US$ of GDP $0.13
Ranked 169th.
$0.31
Ranked 155th. 2 times more than Switzerland

Pollution perceptions > Free of noise and light pollution 57.14
Ranked 16th. 1% more than United Kingdom
56.59
Ranked 19th.
Freshwater > Renewable internal freshwater resources > Total > Billion cubic meters 40.4
Ranked 81st.
145
Ranked 46th. 4 times more than Switzerland

Acidification 36.9%
Ranked 13th.
45.75%
Ranked 10th. 24% more than Switzerland
Emissions > Methane emissions > Kt of CO2 equivalent 4,150
Ranked 96th.
39,400
Ranked 33th. 9 times more than Switzerland

Pollution > Nuclear waste 64
Ranked 12th.
820
Ranked 5th. 13 times more than Switzerland
Water > Net freshwater supplied by water supply industry per capita 131.08 cubic metres
Ranked 11th. 31% more than United Kingdom
100.17 cubic metres
Ranked 18th.

Freshwater > Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita > Cubic meters 5,282.65
Ranked 66th. 2 times more than United Kingdom
2,361.3
Ranked 92nd.

Pollution > PM10, country level > Micrograms per cubic meter 19.84
Ranked 125th. 55% more than United Kingdom
12.78
Ranked 163th.

Wetlands of intl importance > Area 7 thousand hectares
Ranked 101st.
855 thousand hectares
Ranked 17th. 122 times more than Switzerland
Biodiversity and protected areas > Terrestrial protected areas > Number 2,146
Ranked 13th. 3 times more than United Kingdom
778
Ranked 27th.
CO2 emissions > Kg per 2000 PPP $ of GDP 0.18 kg/PPP$
Ranked 125th.
0.34 kg/PPP$
Ranked 77th. 89% more than Switzerland

Proportion of land and marine area under protection 26.3%
Ranked 33th. 13% more than United Kingdom
23.37%
Ranked 44th.

Endangered species protection 100%
Ranked 3rd. The same as United Kingdom
100%
Ranked 16th.
Climate change > CO2 emissions from other sectors, excluding residential buildings and commercial and public services > Million metric tons 0.69
Ranked 68th.
4.54
Ranked 30th. 7 times more than Switzerland

Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) > Emissions (CO2 equivalent) per million people 19.82
Ranked 5th. 79% more than United Kingdom
11.08
Ranked 13th.

Pollution perceptions > Urban discomfort from pollution 21.25
Ranked 22nd. 1% more than United Kingdom
21.04
Ranked 51st.
Biodiversity > GEF benefits index for biodiversity > 0 = no biodiversity potential to 100 = maximum per million 0.0297
Ranked 176th.
0.0578
Ranked 154th. 95% more than Switzerland

Pollution > Carbon Dioxide per capita 6
Ranked 25th.
9
Ranked 12th. 50% more than Switzerland
Water > Population connected to wastewater treatment 97%
Ranked 5th.
97.5%
Ranked 4th. 1% more than Switzerland
Sanitation > Population with improved sanitation > Rural 100%
Ranked 6th. The same as United Kingdom
100%
Ranked 17th.

Water > Drinking water > Population with improved drinking water sources > Urban 100
Ranked 9th. The same as United Kingdom
100
Ranked 20th.

Commitment to Development Index (environment) 5.8
Ranked 20th.
7.2
Ranked 6th. 24% more than Switzerland
Waste water treatment expenditure per million $14.17
Ranked 4th. 75 times more than United Kingdom
$0.19
Ranked 15th.
Municipal waste treatment expenditure per million $1.70
Ranked 5th. 9 times more than United Kingdom
$0.20
Ranked 13th.
Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Methane (CH4) > Emissions (CO2 equivalent) 3,815.59
Ranked 32nd.
41,418.31
Ranked 10th. 11 times more than Switzerland

Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Carbon dioxide (CO2) > CO2 emissions per thousand people 5.87
Ranked 31st.
8.12
Ranked 20th. 38% more than Switzerland

Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) > Emissions (CO2 equivalent) 155.12
Ranked 15th.
689.99
Ranked 6th. 4 times more than Switzerland

Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Carbon dioxide (CO2) > CO2 emissions 45,962.74
Ranked 27th.
505,727.86
Ranked 6th. 11 times more than Switzerland

Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Methane (CH4) > Emissions (CO2 equivalent) per thousand people 0.488
Ranked 39th.
0.665
Ranked 32nd. 36% more than Switzerland

Pollution perceptions > Waste management satisfaction 76.39
Ranked 4th. 23% more than United Kingdom
62.05
Ranked 21st.
Emissions > Nitrous oxide emissions > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent 2,840
Ranked 96th.
65,480
Ranked 13th. 23 times more than Switzerland

Wildness 2.43%
Ranked 78th. 12 times more than United Kingdom
0.21%
Ranked 99th.
Biosphere > Reserves area 212 thousand hectares
Ranked 58th. 7 times more than United Kingdom
30 thousand hectares
Ranked 79th.
Forest area > Sq. km per 1000 1.64 km²
Ranked 120th. 3 times more than United Kingdom
0.472 km²
Ranked 161st.

Threatened species > Mammal 6
Ranked 112th. 50% more than United Kingdom
4
Ranked 136th.
Municipal waste treatment expenditure $12.40
Ranked 2nd. 7% more than United Kingdom
$11.60
Ranked 3rd.
World Heritage Sites (environmental) 3
Ranked 18th.
4
Ranked 10th. 33% more than Switzerland
Known mammal species 75
Ranked 115th. 50% more than United Kingdom
50
Ranked 134th.
Climate change > CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services > Million metric tons 13.29
Ranked 31st.
75.86
Ranked 10th. 6 times more than Switzerland

Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Total > Billion cubic meters 2.57
Ranked 68th.
9.54
Ranked 46th. 4 times more than Switzerland

Pollution > Carbon dioxide 1999 11,075
Ranked 57th.
147,199
Ranked 6th. 13 times more than Switzerland
Breeding birds threatened 1.04%
Ranked 113th. 20% more than United Kingdom
0.87%
Ranked 119th.
Climate change > CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption > Kt per 1000 0.0759
Ranked 82nd.
1.89
Ranked 32nd. 25 times more than Switzerland

Climate change > CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption > Kt 594.05
Ranked 85th.
117,677.7
Ranked 16th. 198 times more than Switzerland

Climate change > CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption > Kt per 1000 3.74
Ranked 43th. 33% more than United Kingdom
2.81
Ranked 58th.

Climate change > CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption > Kt 6,893.96
Ranked 68th.
194,251.99
Ranked 7th. 28 times more than Switzerland

Climate change > CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption > Kt per 1000 0.881
Ranked 62nd.
3.12
Ranked 21st. 4 times more than Switzerland

Climate change > Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent per million 348.76
Ranked 17th. 52% more than United Kingdom
229.5
Ranked 37th.

Biodiversity and protected areas > Marine protected areas > Number 0.0
Ranked 151st.
149
Ranked 7th.
Sanitation > Population with improved sanitation > Urban 100
Ranked 7th. The same as United Kingdom
100
Ranked 19th.

Emissions > Other greenhouse gas emissions > HFC > PFC and SF6 > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent 3,310
Ranked 18th.
14,030
Ranked 10th. 4 times more than Switzerland

Urban SO2 concentration 11.34 micrograms/m3
Ranked 124th.
21.96 micrograms/m3
Ranked 102nd. 94% more than Switzerland
Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Nitrous oxide (N2O) > Emissions (CO2 equivalent) per million people 409.51
Ranked 37th.
561.98
Ranked 33th. 37% more than Switzerland

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Consumption of fixed capital > Current US$ $70.79 billion
Ranked 17th.
$368.16 billion
Ranked 6th. 5 times more than Switzerland

Pollution > Nuclear waste efficiency 2.4
Ranked 7th.
3.7
Ranked 4th. 54% more than Switzerland
Sustainability-satisfying companies 82.4%
Ranked 2nd. 21% more than United Kingdom
68%
Ranked 4th.
Water > Surface and Groundwater inflow 12.16 billion cubic metres
Ranked 17th. 68% more than United Kingdom
7.23 billion cubic metres
Ranked 14th.

Water > Population connected to wastewater collecting system 97%
Ranked 10th.
97.7%
Ranked 8th. 1% more than Switzerland
Adjusted savings > Adjusted net savings > Including particulate emission damage > Current US$ $92.14 billion
Ranked 13th.
$105.29 billion
Ranked 10th. 14% more than Switzerland

Environmental agreement compliance 5.89
Ranked 8th. 4% more than United Kingdom
5.69
Ranked 11th.
Pollution > Carbon dioxide 1999 per 1000 1.55
Ranked 56th.
2.51
Ranked 26th. 62% more than Switzerland
Pollution > Nuclear waste per million 9
Ranked 6th.
14.02
Ranked 4th. 56% more than Switzerland
Emissions > PM10 > Country level > Micrograms per cubic meter 25.51
Ranked 117th. 65% more than United Kingdom
15.49
Ranked 154th.

Known mammal species per million 10.3
Ranked 79th. 12 times more than United Kingdom
0.843
Ranked 141st.
Wetlands of intl importance > Area per million 0.961 thousand hectares
Ranked 95th.
14.41 thousand hectares
Ranked 55th. 15 times more than Switzerland
Areas under protection per million 296.63
Ranked 3rd. 31 times more than United Kingdom
9.72
Ranked 45th.
Water > Salinisation 301.06
Ranked 109th.
368.06
Ranked 101st. 22% more than Switzerland
Areas under protection 2,177
Ranked 8th. 4 times more than United Kingdom
579
Ranked 18th.
Biosphere > Reserves area per million 29.1 thousand hectares
Ranked 46th. 58 times more than United Kingdom
0.506 thousand hectares
Ranked 83th.
Fertiliser > Consumption 7,927.71 hundred grams/hectare
Ranked 3rd. 2 times more than United Kingdom
3,325.35 hundred grams/hectare
Ranked 17th.
Urban NO2 concentration 42.2 micrograms/m3
Ranked 95th.
64.47 micrograms/m3
Ranked 32nd. 53% more than Switzerland
Non-wildness 27.34%
Ranked 7th.
32.05%
Ranked 5th. 17% more than Switzerland
Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Net national savings > Current US$ $73.11 billion
Ranked 18th. 2 times more than United Kingdom
$31.06 billion
Ranked 29th.

Water pollution > Clay and glass industry > % of total BOD emissions 0.17%
Ranked 53th.
0.26%
Ranked 18th. 53% more than Switzerland

Emissions > CO2 emissions > Kg per 2005 PPP $ of GDP $0.13
Ranked 150th.
$0.26
Ranked 99th. Twice as much as Switzerland

Adjusted savings > Adjusted net savings > Including particulate emission damage > % of GNI 21.76%
Ranked 16th. 6 times more than United Kingdom
3.9%
Ranked 78th.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted net savings > Excluding particulate emission damage > Current US$ $92.52 billion
Ranked 13th.
$105.39 billion
Ranked 10th. 14% more than Switzerland

Known breeding bird species per million 27.32
Ranked 58th. 7 times more than United Kingdom
3.86
Ranked 131st.
Emissions > CO2 emissions > Kg per PPP $ of GDP $0.12
Ranked 150th.
$0.25
Ranked 96th. 2 times more than Switzerland

Water pollution > Metal industry > % of total BOD emissions 24.85%
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than United Kingdom
8.97%
Ranked 7th.

Expenditure pollution control as % of GDP 1.6% of GDP
Ranked 5th. 60% more than United Kingdom
1% of GDP
Ranked 12th.
Emissions > Agricultural methane emissions > % of total 67.95%
Ranked 23th. 34% more than United Kingdom
50.71%
Ranked 51st.

Climate change > CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption > Kt 29,273.66
Ranked 52nd.
174,897.57
Ranked 17th. 6 times more than Switzerland

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Particulate emission damage > Current US$ $372.98 million
Ranked 30th. 4 times more than United Kingdom
$99.83 million
Ranked 55th.

Forest area > % of land area 30.52% of land area
Ranked 91st. 3 times more than United Kingdom
11.76% of land area
Ranked 142nd.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Net national savings > % of GNI 17.26%
Ranked 47th. 15 times more than United Kingdom
1.15%
Ranked 108th.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Particulate emission damage > % of GNI 0.07%
Ranked 109th.
0.0
Ranked 156th.

Climate change > CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services > % of total fuel combustion 33.34%
Ranked 2nd. 95% more than United Kingdom
17.12%
Ranked 17th.

Waste water treatment expenditure, % of GDP 3.98e-08%
Ranked 5th. 53 times more than United Kingdom
7.52e-10%
Ranked 15th.
Water pollution > Food industry > % of total BOD emissions 25.03%
Ranked 91st. 41 times more than United Kingdom
0.61%
Ranked 33th.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Net forest depletion > Current US$ 0.0
Ranked 81st.
0.0
Ranked 121st.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted net savings > Excluding particulate emission damage > % of GNI 21.85%
Ranked 17th. 6 times more than United Kingdom
3.91%
Ranked 81st.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Energy depletion > Current US$ 0.0
Ranked 114th.
$57.72 billion
Ranked 12th.

Emissions > Industrial methane emissions > % of total 8.67%
Ranked 99th.
35.66%
Ranked 43th. 4 times more than Switzerland

Emissions > CO2 intensity > Kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use 1.48
Ranked 99th.
2.55
Ranked 47th. 72% more than Switzerland

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Mineral depletion > % of GNI 0.0
Ranked 83th.
0.0
Ranked 126th.

PM10 > Country level > Micrograms per cubic meter 24.42 mcg/m³
Ranked 137th. 62% more than United Kingdom
15.06 mcg/m³
Ranked 169th.

Natural gas rents > % of GDP 1.83e-05%
Ranked 87th.
0.238%
Ranked 45th. 13007 times more than Switzerland

Climate change > GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF > Mt of CO2 equivalent 0.0886
Ranked 5th.
-4.079
Ranked 17th.

Pollution perceptions > Green space and parks dissatisfaction 23.57
Ranked 22nd. 4% more than United Kingdom
22.57
Ranked 53th.
Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Domestic > % of total freshwater withdrawal 24.12%
Ranked 38th. 11% more than United Kingdom
21.7%
Ranked 48th.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Mineral depletion > Current US$ 0.0
Ranked 100th.
0.0
Ranked 155th.

Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Total > % of internal resources 6.36%
Ranked 76th.
6.58%
Ranked 74th. 3% more than Switzerland
Adjusted net national income > Constant 2000 US$, % of GDP 90.65%
Ranked 13th. 2% more than United Kingdom
88.86%
Ranked 29th.
Adjusted net national income > Current US$, % of GDP 87.62%
Ranked 37th. 2% more than United Kingdom
85.86%
Ranked 54th.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Gross savings > % of GNI 33.49%
Ranked 30th. 2 times more than United Kingdom
14.8%
Ranked 97th.

Municipal waste treatment expenditure, % of GDP 4.33e-09%
Ranked 7th. 6 times more than United Kingdom
7.24e-10%
Ranked 14th.
Water pollution > Wood industry > % of total BOD emissions 4.15%
Ranked 14th. 4% more than United Kingdom
4%
Ranked 9th.

Pollution > Nitrogen Oxides per capita 18
Ranked 26th.
35
Ranked 14th. 94% more than Switzerland
Biodiversity and protected areas > Terrestrial protected areas > % of total surface area 28.58%
Ranked 21st. 28% more than United Kingdom
22.35%
Ranked 37th.
Water pollution > Other industry > % of total BOD emissions 8.65%
Ranked 16th.
15.38%
Ranked 2nd. 78% more than Switzerland

Biodiversity and protected areas > Marine protected areas > % of total surface area 0.0
Ranked 143th.
4.56%
Ranked 38th.
Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Industry > % of total freshwater withdrawal 73.93%
Ranked 7th.
75.37%
Ranked 5th. 2% more than Switzerland

Water > Phosphorus concentration 0.07 mls/litre
Ranked 130th.
0.09 mls/litre
Ranked 125th. 29% more than Switzerland
Pollution perceptions > Green space and parks satisfaction 76.43
Ranked 6th.
77.43
Ranked 7th. 1% more than Switzerland
Known breeding bird species 199
Ranked 82nd.
229
Ranked 58th. 15% more than Switzerland
Water pollution > Textile industry > % of total BOD emissions 3.22%
Ranked 88th.
5.24%
Ranked 26th. 63% more than Switzerland

Total natural resources rents > % of GDP 0.0223%
Ranked 159th.
1.53%
Ranked 110th. 69 times more than Switzerland

Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change sign date June 12, 1992 June 12, 1992
Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) > Emissions (CO2 equivalent) per million people 137.12
Ranked 24th.
229.87
Ranked 7th. 68% more than Switzerland

Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Kyoto Protocol sign date 16 March 1998 29 April 1998
Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) > Emissions (CO2 equivalent) 1,072.97
Ranked 22nd.
14,314.07
Ranked 5th. 13 times more than Switzerland

Water pollution > Chemical industry > % of total BOD emissions 10.38%
Ranked 23th.
17.52%
Ranked 2nd. 69% more than Switzerland

Water > Net freshwater supplied by water supply industry 981 million cubic metres
Ranked 16th.
6.11 billion cubic metres
Ranked 3rd. 6 times more than Switzerland

Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Agriculture > % of total freshwater withdrawal 1.95%
Ranked 134th.
2.94%
Ranked 131st. 51% more than Switzerland

Organic water pollutant > BOD emissions > Kg per day per worker 0.17 kg per day per worker
Ranked 56th. 42% more than United Kingdom
0.12 kg per day per worker
Ranked 31st.

Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Perfluorcarbons (PFCs) > Emissions (CO2 equivalent) 36.51
Ranked 22nd.
220.47
Ranked 11th. 6 times more than Switzerland

International agreements > Signed but not ratified Law of the Sea none of the selected agreements
Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Energy depletion > % of GNI 0.0
Ranked 104th.
2.14%
Ranked 49th.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Carbon dioxide damage > % of GNI 0.06%
Ranked 158th.
0.16%
Ranked 139th. 3 times more than Switzerland

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Consumption of fixed capital > % of GNI 13.27%
Ranked 36th.
13.65%
Ranked 28th. 3% more than Switzerland

Water > Suspended solids 3.98 mls/litre
Ranked 103th. 76% more than United Kingdom
2.26 mls/litre
Ranked 137th.
Climate change > CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption > % of total 75.53%
Ranked 85th. 2 times more than United Kingdom
35.44%
Ranked 157th.

Climate change > CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services > Million metric tons per million 1.68
Ranked 7th. 39% more than United Kingdom
1.21
Ranked 13th.

Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Nitrous oxide (N2O) > Emissions (CO2 equivalent) 3,204.38
Ranked 33th.
34,995.46
Ranked 7th. 11 times more than Switzerland

CO2 Emissions 41,789.4
Ranked 57th.
558,225
Ranked 7th. 13 times more than Switzerland
Climate change > GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF > Mt of CO2 equivalent per million 0.0114
Ranked 5th.
-0.066
Ranked 7th.

Adjusted savings > Particulate emission damage > % of GNI 0.16% of GNI
Ranked 118th. 5 times more than United Kingdom
0.03% of GNI
Ranked 151st.

Climate change > CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption > % of total 17.79%
Ranked 69th.
39.36%
Ranked 29th. 2 times more than Switzerland

Water > Drinking water > Population with improved sanitation > Rural 100
Ranked 6th. The same as United Kingdom
100
Ranked 17th.

Climate change > CO2 emissions from other sectors, excluding residential buildings and commercial and public services > % of total fuel combustion 1.73%
Ranked 78th. 69% more than United Kingdom
1.02%
Ranked 97th.

Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Perfluorcarbons (PFCs) > Emissions (CO2 equivalent) per million people 4.67
Ranked 20th. 32% more than United Kingdom
3.54
Ranked 23th.

Water pollution > Paper and pulp industry > % of total BOD emissions 23.56%
Ranked 12th.
48.03%
Ranked 2nd. 2 times more than Switzerland

Water > Surface and Groundwater inflow per capita 1,610.09 cubic metres
Ranked 16th. 14 times more than United Kingdom
116.99 cubic metres
Ranked 14th.

Marine protected areas > % of territorial waters 0.626%
Ranked 123th.
18.21%
Ranked 28th. 29 times more than Switzerland

Adjusted savings > Carbon dioxide damage > % of GNI 0.07% of GNI
Ranked 162nd.
0.18% of GNI
Ranked 141st. 3 times more than Switzerland

Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > Emissions (CO2 equivalent) per thousand people 6.93
Ranked 33th.
9.54
Ranked 21st. 38% more than Switzerland

Climate change > CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total > % of total fuel combustion 9.31%
Ranked 126th.
44.4%
Ranked 50th. 5 times more than Switzerland

Climate change > CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption > % of total 1.53%
Ranked 100th.
23.85%
Ranked 46th. 16 times more than Switzerland

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Net forest depletion > % of GNI 0.0
Ranked 75th.
0.0
Ranked 113th.

Climate change > Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent 2,729
Ranked 30th.
14,291
Ranked 11th. 5 times more than Switzerland

Emissions > Agricultural nitrous oxide emissions > % of total 78.17%
Ranked 81st. 50% more than United Kingdom
52.2%
Ranked 114th.

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