Tonga Geography Stats


  • Area > Comparative: The area of various small countries expressed in comparison to various areas within the United States of America.
  • Area > Land: Total land area in square kilometres
  • Area > Land > Per capita: Total land area in square kilometres Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Area > Total: Total area in square kilometers
  • Area > Water: Total water area in square kilometers
  • Climate: A brief description of typical weather regimes throughout the year.
  • Coastline: The total length of the boundary between the land area (including islands) and the sea.
  • Geographic coordinates: This entry includes rounded latitude and longitude figures for the purpose of finding the approximate geographic center of an entity and is based on the Gazetteer of Conventional Names, Third Edition, August 1988, US Board on Geographic Names and on other sources.
  • Geographic location: Geographic location of island countries.
  • Land area > Sq. km: Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes."
  • Land area > Square miles: Country land area.
  • Location: The country's regional location, neighboring countries, and adjacent bodies of water.
  • Natural resources: A country's mineral, petroleum, hydropower, and other resources of commercial importance.
  • Surface area > Sq. km: Surface area is a country's total area, including areas under inland bodies of water and some coastal waterways.
  • Terrain: A brief description of the topography
Area > Comparative four times the size of Washington, DC 2013
Area > Land 718 sq km 2008 180th out of 235
Area > Land > Per capita 6.03 sq km per 1,000 people 2008 156th out of 224
Area > Total 747 sq km 2013 190th out of 251
Area > Water 30 sq km 2013 146th out of 246
Climate tropical; modified by trade winds; warm season (December to May), cool season (May to December) 2013
Coastline 419 km 2014 116th out of 242
Geographic coordinates 20 00 S, 175 00 W 2013
Geographic location Pacific Ocean , Polynesia 2014
Land area > Sq. km 720 sq km 2008 173th out of 199
Land area > Square miles 289 square miles 2013 83th out of 98
Location Oceania, archipelago in the South Pacific Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand 2013
Natural resources fish, fertile soil 2013
Surface area > Sq. km 750 km² 2005 175th out of 204
Terrain most islands have limestone base formed from uplifted coral formation; others have limestone overlying volcanic base 2013

SOURCES: CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; Wikipedia: List of island countries (Sovereign states); Food and Agriculture Organisation, electronic files and web site.; British Broadcasting Corporation 2014; World Development Indicators database



Tonga Geography Profiles (Subcategories)

Area 11 Land use 3
Environment 3 Maritime claims 4
Land area 3 Surface area 3
  • Tonga ranked #6 for land use > permanent crops amongst Christian countries in 2013.
  • Tonga ranked #4 for land use > arable land amongst East Asia and Pacific in 2013.
  • Tonga ranked 20 places from the bottom for area > total amongst Hot countries in 2013.

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