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Health > Maternal mortality: Countries Compared

Ian Graham, Staff Editor

Author: Ian Graham, Staff Editor

The World Health Organization says half a million mothers and 10.6 million children will die each year if governments do not increase their efforts to reduce maternal and child deaths.

Over 70 percent of maternal and child deaths are the result of preventable and treatable conditions such as hemorrhage, infection, unsafe abortion, high blood pressure, neonatal conditions, pneumonia, post neonatal diarrhea, malaria and measles. The majority of maternal and child deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries, with higher rates among the poor.

The WHO notes that four years ago, governments around the world committed themselves to reducing maternal deaths by three-quarters and child mortality by two-thirds by 2015.

DEFINITION: Maternal mortality reported per 100,000 births 1985-1999. The maternal mortality data are those reported by national authorities. UNICEF and the World Health Organization periodically evaluate these data and make adjustments to account for the well-documented problems of under-reporting and misclassification of maternal deaths and to develop estimates for countries with no data (for details on the most recent estimates see Hill, AbouZahr and Wardlaw 2001). Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified.

CONTENTS

# COUNTRY AMOUNT DATE GRAPH
=1 Malawi 1,100 per 100,000 2001
=1 Central African Republic 1,100 per 100,000 2001
=1 Mozambique 1,100 per 100,000 2001
4 Eritrea 1,000 per 100,000 2001
5 Guinea-Bissau 910 per 100,000 2001
6 Chad 830 per 100,000 2001
7 Zimbabwe 700 per 100,000 2001
=8 Laos 650 per 100,000 2001
=8 Zambia 650 per 100,000 2001
10 Cote d'Ivoire 600 per 100,000 2001
=11 Kenya 590 per 100,000 2001
=11 Niger 590 per 100,000 2001
13 Mali 580 per 100,000 2001
14 Senegal 560 per 100,000 2001
=15 Sudan 550 per 100,000 2001
=15 Mauritania 550 per 100,000 2001
=15 Solomon Islands 550 per 100,000 2001
=18 Nepal 540 per 100,000 2001
=18 India 540 per 100,000 2001
20 Guinea 530 per 100,000 2001
=21 Gabon 520 per 100,000 2001
=21 Haiti 520 per 100,000 2001
23 Uganda 510 per 100,000 2001
24 Benin 500 per 100,000 2001
Former French colonies average (profile) 490.62 per 100,000 2001
25 Madagascar 490 per 100,000 2001
=26 Burkina Faso 480 per 100,000 2001
=26 Togo 480 per 100,000 2001
28 Cambodia 440 per 100,000 2001
29 Cameroon 430 per 100,000 2001
30 Bolivia 390 per 100,000 2001
=31 Indonesia 380 per 100,000 2001
=31 Bhutan 380 per 100,000 2001
33 Papua New Guinea 370 per 100,000 2001
=34 Bangladesh 350 per 100,000 2001
=34 Maldives 350 per 100,000 2001
=34 Yemen 350 per 100,000 2001
37 Botswana 330 per 100,000 2001
38 Peru 270 per 100,000 2001
=39 Swaziland 230 per 100,000 2001
=39 Dominican Republic 230 per 100,000 2001
=39 Morocco 230 per 100,000 2001
=39 Burma 230 per 100,000 2001
=39 Namibia 230 per 100,000 2001
South and Central Asia average (profile) 227.36 per 100,000 2001
44 Algeria 220 per 100,000 2001
45 Ghana 210 per 100,000 2001
=46 Paraguay 190 per 100,000 2001
=46 Guatemala 190 per 100,000 2001
=48 Philippines 170 per 100,000 2001
=48 Egypt 170 per 100,000 2001
=50 Ecuador 160 per 100,000 2001
=50 Brazil 160 per 100,000 2001
=52 Mongolia 150 per 100,000 2001
=52 Antigua and Barbuda 150 per 100,000 2001
=52 Nicaragua 150 per 100,000 2001
55 Belize 140 per 100,000 2001
=56 Turkey 130 per 100,000 2001
=56 Saint Kitts and Nevis 130 per 100,000 2001
Former Spanish colonies average (profile) 126.16 per 100,000 2001
58 El Salvador 120 per 100,000 2001
=59 Suriname 110 per 100,000 2001
=59 Syria 110 per 100,000 2001
=59 Guyana 110 per 100,000 2001
=59 Honduras 110 per 100,000 2001
Emerging markets average (profile) 100.48 per 100,000 2001
63 Lebanon 100 per 100,000 2001
=64 Jamaica 95 per 100,000 2001
=64 Vietnam 95 per 100,000 2001
Middle Eastern and North Africa average (profile) 92.88 per 100,000 2001
=66 Colombia 80 per 100,000 2001
=66 Azerbaijan 80 per 100,000 2001
68 Libya 75 per 100,000 2001
=69 Panama 70 per 100,000 2001
=69 Trinidad and Tobago 70 per 100,000 2001
=69 Tunisia 70 per 100,000 2001
=72 Turkmenistan 65 per 100,000 2001
=72 Dominica 65 per 100,000 2001
=72 Tajikistan 65 per 100,000 2001
=72 Kazakhstan 65 per 100,000 2001
=72 Kyrgyzstan 65 per 100,000 2001
=77 Venezuela 60 per 100,000 2001
=77 Sri Lanka 60 per 100,000 2001
=79 Mexico 55 per 100,000 2001
=79 China 55 per 100,000 2001
=81 Georgia 50 per 100,000 2001
=81 Estonia 50 per 100,000 2001
Former Soviet republics average (profile) 46.29 per 100,000 2001
83 Bahrain 46 per 100,000 2001
84 Latvia 45 per 100,000 2001
=85 Thailand 44 per 100,000 2001
=85 Russia 44 per 100,000 2001
87 Romania 42 per 100,000 2001
=88 Malaysia 41 per 100,000 2001
=88 Jordan 41 per 100,000 2001
=88 Argentina 41 per 100,000 2001
91 Fiji 38 per 100,000 2001
92 Iran 37 per 100,000 2001
=93 Cape Verde 35 per 100,000 2001
=93 Armenia 35 per 100,000 2001
95 Cuba 33 per 100,000 2001
96 Saint Lucia 30 per 100,000 2001
97 Costa Rica 29 per 100,000 2001
98 Uruguay 26 per 100,000 2001
99 Ukraine 25 per 100,000 2001
100 Chile 23 per 100,000 2001
=101 Mauritius 21 per 100,000 2001
=101 Uzbekistan 21 per 100,000 2001
=103 South Korea 20 per 100,000 2001
=103 Belarus 20 per 100,000 2001
NATO countries average (profile) 19.45 per 100,000 2001
105 Lithuania 18 per 100,000 2001
=106 Hungary 15 per 100,000 2001
=106 New Zealand 15 per 100,000 2001
=106 Bulgaria 15 per 100,000 2001
109 Oman 14 per 100,000 2001
European Union average (profile) 13.43 per 100,000 2001
110 Slovenia 11 per 100,000 2001
High income OECD countries average (profile) 10.32 per 100,000 2001
=111 France 10 per 100,000 2001
=111 Denmark 10 per 100,000 2001
=111 Qatar 10 per 100,000 2001
=114 Slovakia 9 per 100,000 2001
=114 Czech Republic 9 per 100,000 2001
=116 Portugal 8 per 100,000 2001
=116 United States 8 per 100,000 2001
=116 Japan 8 per 100,000 2001
=116 Germany 8 per 100,000 2001
=116 Poland 8 per 100,000 2001
Group of 7 countries (G7) average (profile) 8 per 100,000 2001
=121 Netherlands 7 per 100,000 2001
=121 Italy 7 per 100,000 2001
=121 United Kingdom 7 per 100,000 2001
=124 Norway 6 per 100,000 2001
=124 Finland 6 per 100,000 2001
=124 Ireland 6 per 100,000 2001
=124 Spain 6 per 100,000 2001
=124 Croatia 6 per 100,000 2001
=124 Singapore 6 per 100,000 2001
=130 Israel 5 per 100,000 2001
=130 Sweden 5 per 100,000 2001
=130 Switzerland 5 per 100,000 2001
=130 Kuwait 5 per 100,000 2001
134 United Arab Emirates 3 per 100,000 2001
=135 Greece 1 per 100,000 2001
=135 Grenada 1 per 100,000 2001

Citation

"Countries Compared by Health > Maternal mortality. International Statistics at NationMaster.com", UNICEF (United Nations Children?s Fund). 2002. Official Summary: The State of the World's Children 2002. New York: Oxford University Press. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/Health/Maternal-mortality

Health > Maternal mortality: Countries Compared Map

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Interesting observations about Health > Maternal mortality

0

The World Health Organization says half a million mothers and 10.6 million children will die each year if governments do not increase their efforts to reduce maternal and child deaths.

Over 70 percent of maternal and child deaths are the result of preventable and treatable conditions such as hemorrhage, infection, unsafe abortion, high blood pressure, neonatal conditions, pneumonia, post neonatal diarrhea, malaria and measles. The majority of maternal and child deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries, with higher rates among the poor.

The WHO notes that four years ago, governments around the world committed themselves to reducing maternal deaths by three-quarters and child mortality by two-thirds by 2015.

Posted on 05 Apr 2005

Ian Graham, Staff Editor

Ian Graham, Staff Editor

0

Why isn't Canada on the list? Its a country too.

Posted on 25 Mar 2010

Susan

Susan

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