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Military Stats: compare key data on Australia & Indonesia

Edsel.G

Author: Edsel.G

The Indonesian Armed Forces is one of the most capable forces in South East Asia. With a population of more than a quarter of a billion individuals, the country’s military is among the largest in the world. It is also on the process of upgrading its inventory in order to keep pace with its neighbors (Vietnam, Thailand, Singapore, and Malaysia also have respectable forces). However, corruption amongst the military circles are seen to suck out 30% of the military funding; thus, hampering full advancement of its capabilities. In spite of that, Indonesia, fueled by its economic success, has a very capable armed forces equipped with modern materiel bought from the US, Germany, and Russia. Its army, for instance, has several Leopard 2s, considered to be one of the world’s most capable tanks, and it is on the process of acquiring more. The Indonesian air force has several Russian 4th generation Su-30 and Su-35, and the American F-16.

Australia does not have the sheer size of its Indonesian counterpart. However, in technical aspects, Australia’s military is more advanced and more potent. This is because Australia’s economy is more stable, more developed, and more diversified than Indonesia’s; thus, it can afford to purchase the latest and most accurate military hardware the world has to offer. Currently, the Royal Air Force is equipped with American F-18 Hornets and Super Hornets, but it has struck a deal with the US government for the acquisition of 5th generation multi-role stealth strike fighter, the F-35. The Royal army also has tested American hardware, the venerable M1 Abrams.

Essentially, a future conflict between the two countries would be naval and aerial. At present, Australia’s air and naval forces are much more equipped, thanks to its annual budget of 26 billion USD. Indonesia’s forces are unarguably growing and expanding, but existent corruption and bureaucratic problems hampers major growth and expansion efforts.

Definitions

  • Air force > Combat aircraft: Number of fighter aircrafts (fixed wing aircrafts with combat capability).
  • Armed forces personnel: Total armed forces (2000)
  • Army > Attack helicopters: Number of attack helicopter (includes helicopters that have some attacking capabilities).
  • Army > Main battle tanks: Number of main battle tanks.
  • Budget: Annual defense budget in billion USD.
  • Global Peace Index: The Global Peace Index is comprised of 22 indicators in the three categories ongoing domestic or international conflicts; societal safety; and security and militarization. A low index value indicates a peaceful and safe country.
  • Military expenditures: This entry gives spending on defense programs for the most recent year available as a percent of gross domestic product (GDP); the GDP is calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in terms of purchasing power parity (PPP). For countries with no military forces, this figure can include expenditures on public security and police.
  • Military service age and obligation: This entry gives the required ages for voluntary or conscript military service and the length of service obligation.
  • Navy > Aircraft carriers: Number of aircraft carriers.
  • Navy > Corvette warships: Number of corvettes.
  • Navy > Nuclear submarines: Number of nuclear submarines.
  • Navy > Submarines: Number of patrol boats (includes minesweepers).
  • Personnel > Per capita: Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organization, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Service age and obligation: This entry gives the required ages for voluntary or conscript military service and the length of sevice obligation.
  • War deaths: Battle-related deaths are deaths in battle-related conflicts between warring parties in the conflict dyad (two conflict units that are parties to a conflict). Typically, battle-related deaths occur in warfare involving the armed forces of the warring parties. This includes traditional battlefield fighting, guerrilla activities, and all kinds of bombardments of military units, cities, and villages, etc. The targets are usually the military itself and its installations or state institutions and state representatives, but there is often substantial collateral damage in the form of civilians being killed in crossfire, in indiscriminate bombings, etc. All deaths--military as well as civilian--incurred in such situations, are counted as battle-related deaths."
  • Military branches: This entry lists the service branches subordinate to defense ministries or the equivalent (typically ground, naval, air, and marine forces).
  • Expenditures > Percent of GDP: Current military expenditures as an estimated percent of gross domestic product (GDP).
  • Armed forces personnel > Total: Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organisation, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces."
  • Personnel: Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organization, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces.
  • Navy > Frigates: Number of frigates.
  • Expenditures > Dollar figure per capita: Current military expenditures in US dollars; the figure is calculated by multiplying the estimated defense spending in percentage terms by the gross domestic product (GDP) calculated on an exchange rate basis not purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. Dollar figures for military expenditures should be treated with caution because of different price patterns and accounting methods among nations, as well as wide variations in the strength of their currencies. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Branches: The names of the ground, naval, air, marine, and other defense or security forces
  • Navy > Amphibious warfare ships: Number of amphibious warfare ships.
  • Military expenditure > Current LCU: Military expenditures data from SIPRI are derived from the NATO definition, which includes all current and capital expenditures on the armed forces, including peacekeeping forces; defense ministries and other government agencies engaged in defense projects; paramilitary forces, if these are judged to be trained and equipped for military operations; and military space activities. Such expenditures include military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions of military personnel and social services for personnel; operation and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid (in the military expenditures of the donor country). Excluded are civil defense and current expenditures for previous military activities, such as for veterans' benefits, demobilisation, conversion, and destruction of weapons. This definition cannot be applied for all countries, however, since that would require much more detailed information than is available about what is included in military budgets and off-budget military expenditure items. (For example, military budgets might or might not cover civil defense, reserves and auxiliary forces, police and paramilitary forces, dual-purpose forces such as military and civilian police, military grants in kind, pensions for military personnel, and social security contributions paid by one part of government to another.)"
  • Navy > Patrol boats: Number of patrol boats (Includes minesweepers).
  • Manpower reaching military age annually > Males: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching military age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults.
  • Expenditures > Dollar figure: Current military expenditures in US dollars; the figure is calculated by multiplying the estimated defense spending in percentage terms by the gross domestic product (GDP) calculated on an exchange rate basis not purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. Dollar figures for military expenditures should be treated with caution because of different price patterns and accounting methods among nations, as well as wide variations in the strength of their currencies
  • Armed forces personnel per 1000: Total armed forces (2000). Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Males: The number of draft-age males and females entering the military manpower pool in any given year and is a measure of the availability of draft-age young adults.
  • Expenditure > Current LCU: Military expenditures data from SIPRI are derived from the NATO definition, which includes all current and capital expenditures on the armed forces, including peacekeeping forces; defense ministries and other government agencies engaged in defense projects; paramilitary forces, if these are judged to be trained and equipped for military operations; and military space activities. Such expenditures include military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions of military personnel and social services for personnel; operation and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid (in the military expenditures of the donor country). Excluded are civil defense and current expenditures for previous military activities, such as for veterans' benefits, demobilization, conversion, and destruction of weapons. This definition cannot be applied for all countries, however, since that would require much more detailed information than is available about what is included in military budgets and off-budget military expenditure items. (For example, military budgets might or might not cover civil defense, reserves and auxiliary forces, police and paramilitary forces, dual-purpose forces such as military and civilian police, military grants in kind, pensions for military personnel, and social security contributions paid by one part of government to another.)
  • Personnel per 1000: Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organization, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Arms trade > Arms imports, top countries: Compares the world's largest arms importers, in millions of US Dollars. Data corresponds to the year 2010, and was compiled by SIPRI (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute), a think tank dedicated to the research of conflict, armaments, arms control and disarmament in the world, with presence in Stockholm, Beijing and Washington DC. For more comprehensive statistics, visit the intitute's databases section
  • Nuclear weapons > Non-Proliferation treaty sign date: Signed.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Conscription: A description of the status of conscription in the nation in 1997.
  • Armed forces growth: Growth in the number of armed forces personnel from 1985 (index = 100) to 2000. 100 means no growth, 50 means it halved and 200 means it doubled.
  • Imports > USD: Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services."
  • Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$: Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services.
  • Military expenditures > Percent of GDP: This entry gives spending on defense programs for the most recent year available as a percent of gross domestic product (GDP); the GDP is calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in terms of purchasing power parity (PPP). For countries with no military forces, this figure can include expenditures on public security and police.
  • Conventional arms > Exports: Conventional arms transfers (1990 prices) - Exports (US$ millions) Refers to the voluntary transfer by the supplier (and thus excludes captured weapons and weapons obtained through defectors) of weapons with a military purpose destined for the armed forces, paramilitary forces or intelligence agencies of another country. These include major conventional weapons or systems in six categories: ships, aircraft, missiles, artillery, armoured vehicles and guidance and radar systems (excluded are trucks, services, ammunition, small arms, support items, components and component technology and towed or naval artillery under 100-millimetre calibre).
  • Expenditures > Dollar figure > Per $ GDP: Current military expenditures in US dollars; the figure is calculated by multiplying the estimated defense spending in percentage terms by the gross domestic product (GDP) calculated on an exchange rate basis not purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. Dollar figures for military expenditures should be treated with caution because of different price patterns and accounting methods among nations, as well as wide variations in the strength of their currencies Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product
  • Terrorism > 2002 Bali bombing deaths: Amount of citizens from each country who were killed in the 2002 Bali bombings. In all, 202 people were killed.
  • Weapon holdings per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Arms trade > Arms imports, top countries per million people: Compares the world's largest arms importers, in millions of US Dollars. Data corresponds to the year 2010, and was compiled by SIPRI (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute), a think tank dedicated to the research of conflict, armaments, arms control and disarmament in the world, with presence in Stockholm, Beijing and Washington DC. For more comprehensive statistics, visit the intitute's databases section. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Arms > Exports > Constant 1990 US$: Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services.
  • Exports > USD: Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services."
  • Conventional arms > Exports per capita: Conventional arms transfers (1990 prices) - Exports (US$ millions) Refers to the voluntary transfer by the supplier (and thus excludes captured weapons and weapons obtained through defectors) of weapons with a military purpose destined for the armed forces, paramilitary forces or intelligence agencies of another country. These include major conventional weapons or systems in six categories: ships, aircraft, missiles, artillery, armoured vehicles and guidance and radar systems (excluded are trucks, services, ammunition, small arms, support items, components and component technology and towed or naval artillery under 100-millimetre calibre). Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Manpower available for military service > Males age 18-49: This entry gives the number of males and females falling in the military age range for the country and assumes that every individual is fit to serve.
  • Manpower reaching military age annually > Males per thousand people: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching military age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Expenditures > Dollar figure > Per capita: Current military expenditures in US dollars; the figure is calculated by multiplying the estimated defense spending in percentage terms by the gross domestic product (GDP) calculated on an exchange rate basis not purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. Dollar figures for military expenditures should be treated with caution because of different price patterns and accounting methods among nations, as well as wide variations in the strength of their currencies Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Conventional arms imports: Conventional arms transfers (1990 prices) - Imports (US$ millions) Refers to the voluntary transfer by the supplier (and thus excludes captured weapons and weapons obtained through defectors) of weapons with a military purpose destined for the armed forces, paramilitary forces or intelligence agencies of another country. These include major conventional weapons or systems in six categories: ships, aircraft, missiles, artillery, armoured vehicles and guidance and radar systems (excluded are trucks, services, ammunition, small arms, support items, components and component technology and towed or naval artillery under 100-millimetre calibre).
  • Terrorism > 2002 Bali bombing deaths per million people: Amount of citizens from each country who were killed in the 2002 Bali bombings. In all, 202 people were killed. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Manpower > Military age: The minimum age at which an individual may volunteer for military service or be subject to conscription.
  • Conventional arms > Exports > Per $ GDP: Conventional arms transfers (1990 prices) - Exports (US$ millions) Refers to the voluntary transfer by the supplier (and thus excludes captured weapons and weapons obtained through defectors) of weapons with a military purpose destined for the armed forces, paramilitary forces or intelligence agencies of another country. These include major conventional weapons or systems in six categories: ships, aircraft, missiles, artillery, armoured vehicles and guidance and radar systems (excluded are trucks, services, ammunition, small arms, support items, components and component technology and towed or naval artillery under 100-millimetre calibre). Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Manpower reaching military service age annually > Males age 18-49: This entry gives the number of draft-age males and females entering the military manpower pool in any given year and is a measure of the availability of draft-age young adults.
  • Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Males: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults.
  • Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$ per capita: Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Arms > Exports > Constant 1990 US$ > Per capita: Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Employment in arms > Production per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Manpower > Availability > Males age 15-49: The total numbers of males aged 15-49. This statistic assumes that every individual is fit to serve.
  • Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$ > Per capita: Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Manpower available for military service > Males age 18-49 per 1000: This entry gives the number of males and females falling in the military age range for the country and assumes that every individual is fit to serve. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Conventional arms imports per capita: Conventional arms transfers (1990 prices) - Imports (US$ millions) Refers to the voluntary transfer by the supplier (and thus excludes captured weapons and weapons obtained through defectors) of weapons with a military purpose destined for the armed forces, paramilitary forces or intelligence agencies of another country. These include major conventional weapons or systems in six categories: ships, aircraft, missiles, artillery, armoured vehicles and guidance and radar systems (excluded are trucks, services, ammunition, small arms, support items, components and component technology and towed or naval artillery under 100-millimetre calibre). Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Manpower reaching military age annually > Females per thousand people: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching military age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Manpower reaching military age annually > Females: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching military age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults.
  • Manpower > Availability > Males age 15-49 per 1000: The total numbers of males aged 15-49. This statistic assumes that every individual is fit to serve. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Manpower > Fit for military service > Males age 15-49: The number of males aged 15-49 fit for military service. This is a more refined measure of potential military manpower availability which tries to correct for the health situation in the country and reduces the maximum potential number to a more realistic estimate of the actual number fit to serve.
  • Manpower reaching military service age annually > Males age 18-49 per 1000: This entry gives the number of draft-age males and females entering the military manpower pool in any given year and is a measure of the availability of draft-age young adults. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Manpower available for military service > Females age 18-49: This entry gives the number of males and females falling in the military age range for the country and assumes that every individual is fit to serve.
  • Conventional arms imports > Per $ GDP: Conventional arms transfers (1990 prices) - Imports (US$ millions) Refers to the voluntary transfer by the supplier (and thus excludes captured weapons and weapons obtained through defectors) of weapons with a military purpose destined for the armed forces, paramilitary forces or intelligence agencies of another country. These include major conventional weapons or systems in six categories: ships, aircraft, missiles, artillery, armoured vehicles and guidance and radar systems (excluded are trucks, services, ammunition, small arms, support items, components and component technology and towed or naval artillery under 100-millimetre calibre). Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Manpower > Fit for military service > Males per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Military expenditure > % of GDP: Military expenditures data from SIPRI are derived from the NATO definition, which includes all current and capital expenditures on the armed forces, including peacekeeping forces; defense ministries and other government agencies engaged in defense projects; paramilitary forces, if these are judged to be trained and equipped for military operations; and military space activities. Such expenditures include military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions of military personnel and social services for personnel; operation and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid (in the military expenditures of the donor country). Excluded are civil defense and current expenditures for previous military activities, such as for veterans' benefits, demobilisation, conversion, and destruction of weapons. This definition cannot be applied for all countries, however, since that would require much more detailed information than is available about what is included in military budgets and off-budget military expenditure items. (For example, military budgets might or might not cover civil defense, reserves and auxiliary forces, police and paramilitary forces, dual-purpose forces such as military and civilian police, military grants in kind, pensions for military personnel, and social security contributions paid by one part of government to another.)"
  • Conventional arms imports, % of GDP: Conventional arms transfers (1990 prices) - Imports (US$ millions) Refers to the voluntary transfer by the supplier (and thus excludes captured weapons and weapons obtained through defectors) of weapons with a military purpose destined for the armed forces, paramilitary forces or intelligence agencies of another country. These include major conventional weapons or systems in six categories: ships, aircraft, missiles, artillery, armoured vehicles and guidance and radar systems (excluded are trucks, services, ammunition, small arms, support items, components and component technology and towed or naval artillery under 100-millimetre calibre). Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Armed forces personnel > % of total labor force: Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organisation, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces. Labor force comprises all people who meet the International Labour Organisation's definition of the economically active population."
  • Arms > Exports > Constant 1990 US$ per capita: Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Females per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Manpower > Fit for military service > Females per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Females per thousand people: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Males per 1000: The number of draft-age males and females entering the military manpower pool in any given year and is a measure of the availability of draft-age young adults. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Expenditure > % of GDP: Military expenditures data from SIPRI are derived from the NATO definition, which includes all current and capital expenditures on the armed forces, including peacekeeping forces; defense ministries and other government agencies engaged in defense projects; paramilitary forces, if these are judged to be trained and equipped for military operations; and military space activities. Such expenditures include military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions of military personnel and social services for personnel; operation and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid (in the military expenditures of the donor country). Excluded are civil defense and current expenditures for previous military activities, such as for veterans' benefits, demobilization, conversion, and destruction of weapons. This definition cannot be applied for all countries, however, since that would require much more detailed information than is available about what is included in military budgets and off-budget military expenditure items. (For example, military budgets might or might not cover civil defense, reserves and auxiliary forces, police and paramilitary forces, dual-purpose forces such as military and civilian police, military grants in kind, pensions for military personnel, and social security contributions paid by one part of government to another.)
  • Conventional arms > Exports, % of GDP: Conventional arms transfers (1990 prices) - Exports (US$ millions) Refers to the voluntary transfer by the supplier (and thus excludes captured weapons and weapons obtained through defectors) of weapons with a military purpose destined for the armed forces, paramilitary forces or intelligence agencies of another country. These include major conventional weapons or systems in six categories: ships, aircraft, missiles, artillery, armoured vehicles and guidance and radar systems (excluded are trucks, services, ammunition, small arms, support items, components and component technology and towed or naval artillery under 100-millimetre calibre). Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Expenditures > Dollar figure, % of GDP: Current military expenditures in US dollars; the figure is calculated by multiplying the estimated defense spending in percentage terms by the gross domestic product (GDP) calculated on an exchange rate basis not purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. Dollar figures for military expenditures should be treated with caution because of different price patterns and accounting methods among nations, as well as wide variations in the strength of their currencies. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Manpower > Fit for military service > Males age 15-49 > Per capita: The number of males aged 15-49 fit for military service. This is a more refined measure of potential military manpower availability which tries to correct for the health situation in the country and reduces the maximum potential number to a more realistic estimate of the actual number fit to serve. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Females > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Manpower > Availability > Males age 15-49 > Per capita: The total numbers of males aged 15-49. This statistic assumes that every individual is fit to serve. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Males > Per capita: The number of draft-age males and females entering the military manpower pool in any given year and is a measure of the availability of draft-age young adults. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Expenditure > % of central government expenditure: Military expenditures data from SIPRI are derived from the NATO definition, which includes all current and capital expenditures on the armed forces, including peacekeeping forces; defense ministries and other government agencies engaged in defense projects; paramilitary forces, if these are judged to be trained and equipped for military operations; and military space activities. Such expenditures include military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions of military personnel and social services for personnel; operation and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid (in the military expenditures of the donor country). Excluded are civil defense and current expenditures for previous military activities, such as for veterans' benefits, demobilization, conversion, and destruction of weapons. This definition cannot be applied for all countries, however, since that would require much more detailed information than is available about what is included in military budgets and off-budget military expenditure items. (For example, military budgets might or might not cover civil defense, reserves and auxiliary forces, police and paramilitary forces, dual-purpose forces such as military and civilian police, military grants in kind, pensions for military personnel, and social security contributions paid by one part of government to another.)
  • Manpower > Availability > Females per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Manpower > Fit for military service > Males age 15-49 per 1000: The number of males aged 15-49 fit for military service. This is a more refined measure of potential military manpower availability which tries to correct for the health situation in the country and reduces the maximum potential number to a more realistic estimate of the actual number fit to serve. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Manpower available for military service > Females age 18-49 per 1000: This entry gives the number of males and females falling in the military age range for the country and assumes that every individual is fit to serve. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Manpower > Availability > Males per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Personnel > % of total labor force: Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organization, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces. Labor force comprises all people who meet the International Labour Organization's definition of the economically active population.
  • Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Males per thousand people: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Females: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults.
STAT Australia Indonesia HISTORY
Air force > Combat aircraft 96
Ranked 17th. 39% more than Indonesia
69
Ranked 26th.
Armed forces personnel 51,000
Ranked 67th.
297,000
Ranked 16th. 6 times more than Australia
Army > Attack helicopters 22
Ranked 13th.
50
Ranked 8th. 2 times more than Australia
Army > Main battle tanks 59
Ranked 47th.
0.0
Ranked 54th.
Budget 26.9 US$ BN
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than Indonesia
8.01 US$ BN
Ranked 10th.
Global Peace Index 1.44
Ranked 18th.
1.88
Ranked 109th. 31% more than Australia

Military expenditures 3% of GDP
Ranked 16th. 3 times more than Indonesia
0.9% of GDP
Ranked 51st.
Military service age and obligation 17 years of age for voluntary military service (with parental consent); no conscription; women allowed to serve in most combat roles, except the Army special forces 18-45 years of age for voluntary military service, with selective conscription authorized; 2-year service obligation, with reserve obligation to age 45 (officers); Indonesian citizens only
Navy > Aircraft carriers 0.0
Ranked 56th.
0.0
Ranked 3rd.
Navy > Corvette warships 0.0
Ranked 43th.
26
Ranked 1st.
Navy > Nuclear submarines 0.0
Ranked 28th.
0.0
Ranked 2nd.
Navy > Submarines 6
Ranked 4th. 3 times more than Indonesia
2
Ranked 18th.
Personnel > Per capita 2.61 per 1,000 people
Ranked 115th.
2.64 per 1,000 people
Ranked 113th. 1% more than Australia

Service age and obligation 17 years of age for voluntary military service (with parental consent); no conscription; women allowed to serve in Army combat units in non-combat support roles 18 years of age for selective compulsory and voluntary military service; 2-year conscript service obligation, with reserve obligation to age 45 (officers); Indonesian citizens only
War deaths 0.0
Ranked 152nd.
0.0
Ranked 171st.

Military branches Australian Defense Force (ADF): Australian Army (includes Special Operations Command), Royal Australian Navy (includes Naval Aviation Force), Royal Australian Air Force, Joint Operations Command (JOC) Indonesian Armed Forces (Tentara Nasional Indonesia, TNI): Army (TNI-Angkatan Darat (TNI-AD)), Navy (TNI-Angkatan Laut (TNI-AL); includes marines (Korps Marinir, KorMar), naval air arm), Air Force (TNI-Angkatan Udara (TNI-AU)), National Air Defense Command (Kommando Pertahanan Udara Nasional (Kohanudnas))
Expenditures > Percent of GDP 2.4%
Ranked 41st.
3%
Ranked 44th. 25% more than Australia

Manpower fit for military service > Males age 16-49 None None
Armed forces personnel > Total 55,000
Ranked 63th.
582,000
Ranked 9th. 11 times more than Australia

Personnel 53,000
Ranked 70th.
582,000
Ranked 12th. 11 times more than Australia

Navy > Frigates 12
Ranked 5th. 71% more than Indonesia
7
Ranked 9th.
Expenditures > Dollar figure per capita $827.23
Ranked 2nd. 141 times more than Indonesia
$5.87
Ranked 63th.

Branches Australian Defense Force (ADF): Australian Army, Royal Australian Navy, Royal Australian Air Force, Special Operations Command Indonesian Armed Forces (Tentara Nasional Indonesia, TNI): Army (TNI-Angkatan Darat (TNI-AD)), Navy (TNI-Angkatan Laut (TNI-AL); includes marines, naval air arm), Air Force (TNI-Angkatan Udara (TNI-AU)), National Air Defense Command (Kommando Pertahanan Udara Nasional (Kohanudnas))
Navy > Amphibious warfare ships 3
Ranked 7th.
4
Ranked 5th. 33% more than Australia
Military expenditure > Current LCU 25.7 billion
Ranked 52nd.
49.78 trillion
Ranked 1st. 1937 times more than Australia

Navy > Patrol boats 20
Ranked 8th.
30
Ranked 5th. 50% more than Australia
Manpower reaching military age annually > Males 143,565
Ranked 68th.
2.26 million
Ranked 3rd. 16 times more than Australia

Expenditures > Dollar figure $16.65 billion
Ranked 3rd. 13 times more than Indonesia
$1.30 billion
Ranked 17th.

Weapon holdings 1.19 million
Ranked 59th. 2% more than Indonesia
1.17 million
Ranked 62nd.
Armed forces personnel per 1000 2.66
Ranked 101st. 87% more than Indonesia
1.42
Ranked 122nd.
Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Males 144,934
Ranked 65th.
2.18 million
Ranked 4th. 15 times more than Australia

Manpower available for military service > Males age 16-49 None None
Expenditure > Current LCU 17055000000 25656000000000
Personnel per 1000 2.6
Ranked 114th. About the same as Indonesia
2.59
Ranked 115th.

Arms trade > Arms imports, top countries 1,677
Ranked 3rd. 8 times more than Indonesia
198
Ranked 15th.

Nuclear weapons > Non-Proliferation treaty sign date 27 Feb 1970 (L, M, W) 2 Mar 1970 (L, M, W)
Conscription No <a href=/graph-T/mil_con>conscription</a> (FWCC). Selective <a href=/graph-T/mil_con>conscription</a> (FWCC).
Armed forces growth -28%
Ranked 99th.
7%
Ranked 62nd.
Imports > USD 344 million
Ranked 23th. 19% more than Indonesia
290 million
Ranked 26th.

Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$ 396 million constant 1990 US$
Ranked 18th. 21 times more than Indonesia
19 million constant 1990 US$
Ranked 58th.

Expenditures 2.4% of GDP
Ranked 37th.
3% of GDP
Ranked 22nd. 25% more than Australia
Military expenditures > Percent of GDP 3% of GDP
Ranked 2nd. The same as Indonesia
3% of GDP
Ranked 20th.
Conventional arms > Exports $52.00 million
Ranked 19th. 4% more than Indonesia
$50.00 million
Ranked 21st.
Expenditures > Dollar figure > Per $ GDP $25.40 per 1,000 $ of GDP
Ranked 26th. 5 times more than Indonesia
$5.06 per 1,000 $ of GDP
Ranked 78th.

Terrorism > 2002 Bali bombing deaths 88
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than Indonesia
38
Ranked 2nd.
Weapon holdings per 1000 61.09
Ranked 69th. 11 times more than Indonesia
5.5
Ranked 124th.
Arms trade > Arms imports, top countries per million people 76
Ranked 3rd. 92 times more than Indonesia
0.823
Ranked 14th.

Manpower fit for military service > Females age 16-49 None None
Arms > Exports > Constant 1990 US$ 50 million constant 1990 US$
Ranked 19th. 6 times more than Indonesia
8 million constant 1990 US$
Ranked 31st.

Employment in arms > Production 10,000
Ranked 39th.
20,000
Ranked 26th. Twice as much as Australia
Exports > USD 6 million
Ranked 31st.
8 million
Ranked 30th. 33% more than Australia

Conventional arms > Exports per capita $3.05
Ranked 20th. 11 times more than Indonesia
$0.28
Ranked 31st.
Manpower available for military service > Males age 18-49 4.94 million
Ranked 34th.
60.54 million
Ranked 3rd. 12 times more than Australia
Manpower reaching military age annually > Males per thousand people 6.33
Ranked 175th.
9.17
Ranked 109th. 45% more than Australia

Expenditures > Dollar figure > Per capita $828.69 per capita
Ranked 3rd. 139 times more than Indonesia
$5.97 per capita
Ranked 63th.

Conventional arms imports $334.00 million
Ranked 15th. 4 times more than Indonesia
$85.00 million
Ranked 38th.
Terrorism > 2002 Bali bombing deaths per million people 4.48
Ranked 1st. 25 times more than Indonesia
0.177
Ranked 9th.
Manpower > Availability > Males 5 million
Ranked 54th.
63.8 million
Ranked 4th. 13 times more than Australia

Manpower > Military age 17 years of age 18 years of age
Conventional arms > Exports > Per $ GDP 0.085 per $1,000
Ranked 21st. 42% more than Indonesia
0.06 per $1,000
Ranked 25th.
Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty > Signatures and Ratifications > Signature 24 SEP 1996 24 SEP 1996
Manpower reaching military service age annually > Males age 18-49 142,158
Ranked 53th.
2.2 million
Ranked 3rd. 15 times more than Australia
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Males 143,565
Ranked 68th.
2.26 million
Ranked 3rd. 16 times more than Australia
Manpower available for military service > Females age 16-49 5116722 63228017
Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$ per capita 19.42 constant 1990 US$
Ranked 14th. 229 times more than Indonesia
0.0846 constant 1990 US$
Ranked 77th.

Arms > Exports > Constant 1990 US$ > Per capita 2,459.54 constant 1990 US$ per 1
Ranked 20th. 68 times more than Indonesia
36.27 constant 1990 US$ per 1
Ranked 35th.

Employment in arms > Production per 1000 0.515
Ranked 40th. 5 times more than Indonesia
0.0944
Ranked 50th.
Manpower > Fit for military service > Males 4.14 million
Ranked 51st.
52.37 million
Ranked 4th. 13 times more than Australia

Manpower > Availability > Females 4.87 million
Ranked 50th.
61.73 million
Ranked 4th. 13 times more than Australia

Manpower > Availability > Males age 15-49 5.04 million
Ranked 52nd.
65.67 million
Ranked 4th. 13 times more than Australia

Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$ > Per capita 19.48 constant 1990 US$ per c
Ranked 15th. 227 times more than Indonesia
0.086 constant 1990 US$ per c
Ranked 78th.

Manpower available for military service > Males age 18-49 per 1000 235.24
Ranked 46th.
262.12
Ranked 17th. 11% more than Australia
Conventional arms imports per capita $19.57
Ranked 13th. 41 times more than Indonesia
$0.48
Ranked 78th.
Manpower reaching military age annually > Females per thousand people 6.15
Ranked 173th.
9.1
Ranked 107th. 48% more than Australia
Manpower reaching military age annually > Females 135,800
Ranked 68th.
2.19 million
Ranked 3rd. 16 times more than Australia
Manpower > Fit for military service > Females 4.02 million
Ranked 47th.
52.13 million
Ranked 4th. 13 times more than Australia

Manpower > Availability > Males age 15-49 per 1000 247
Ranked 92nd.
292.52
Ranked 14th. 18% more than Australia

Manpower > Fit for military service > Males age 15-49 4.34 million
Ranked 42nd.
38.29 million
Ranked 3rd. 9 times more than Australia

Manpower reaching military service age annually > Males age 18-49 per 1000 6.76
Ranked 115th.
9.53
Ranked 68th. 41% more than Australia
Manpower available for military service > Females age 18-49 4.82 million
Ranked 32nd.
59.98 million
Ranked 3rd. 12 times more than Australia
Conventional arms imports > Per $ GDP 0.546 per $1,000
Ranked 36th. 5 times more than Indonesia
0.103 per $1,000
Ranked 67th.
Manpower > Fit for military service > Males per 1000 193.47
Ranked 97th.
223.56
Ranked 30th. 16% more than Australia

Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Females 137,511
Ranked 69th.
2.11 million
Ranked 3rd. 15 times more than Australia

Military expenditure > % of GDP 2.05%
Ranked 39th. 2 times more than Indonesia
0.89%
Ranked 90th.

Conventional arms imports, % of GDP 0.107%
Ranked 44th. 44% more than Indonesia
0.0743%
Ranked 53th.
Armed forces personnel > % of total labor force 0.49%
Ranked 115th.
0.52%
Ranked 113th. 6% more than Australia

Arms > Exports > Constant 1990 US$ per capita 2.45 constant 1990 US$
Ranked 20th. 69 times more than Indonesia
0.0356 constant 1990 US$
Ranked 35th.

Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Females per 1000 6.43
Ranked 162nd.
9.01
Ranked 108th. 40% more than Australia

Manpower > Fit for military service > Females per 1000 188.11
Ranked 91st.
222.54
Ranked 31st. 18% more than Australia

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Females per thousand people 6.15
Ranked 171st.
9.1
Ranked 106th. 48% more than Australia
Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Males per 1000 6.78
Ranked 158th.
9.31
Ranked 109th. 37% more than Australia

Expenditure > % of GDP 1.78%
Ranked 49th. 89% more than Indonesia
0.94%
Ranked 94th.

Conventional arms > Exports, % of GDP 0.0167%
Ranked 28th.
0.0437%
Ranked 18th. 3 times more than Australia
Expenditures > Dollar figure, % of GDP 2.72%
Ranked 18th. 5 times more than Indonesia
0.506%
Ranked 76th.

Manpower > Fit for military service > Males age 15-49 > Per capita 0.217 per capita
Ranked 18th. 22% more than Indonesia
0.178 per capita
Ranked 82nd.

Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Females > Per capita 6.55 per 1,000 people
Ranked 178th.
8.88 per 1,000 people
Ranked 125th. 36% more than Australia

Manpower > Availability > Males age 15-49 > Per capita 0.252 per capita
Ranked 102nd.
0.305 per capita
Ranked 15th. 21% more than Australia

Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Males > Per capita 6.9 per 1,000 people
Ranked 174th.
9.18 per 1,000 people
Ranked 126th. 33% more than Australia

Expenditure > % of central government expenditure 7.16%
Ranked 21st. 10% more than Indonesia
6.53%
Ranked 38th.

Manpower > Availability > Females per 1000 227.74
Ranked 111th.
263.53
Ranked 42nd. 16% more than Australia

Manpower > Fit for military service > Males age 15-49 per 1000 212.75
Ranked 18th. 25% more than Indonesia
170.57
Ranked 83th.

Manpower available for military service > Females age 18-49 per 1000 229.41
Ranked 37th.
259.69
Ranked 10th. 13% more than Australia
Manpower > Availability > Males per 1000 233.81
Ranked 136th.
272.37
Ranked 42nd. 16% more than Australia

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Female 135800 2191267
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Male 143565 2263892
Personnel > % of total labor force 0.51%
Ranked 119th.
0.54%
Ranked 117th. 6% more than Australia

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Males per thousand people 6.45
Ranked 172nd.
9.01
Ranked 112th. 40% more than Australia
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Females 135,800
Ranked 68th.
2.19 million
Ranked 3rd. 16 times more than Australia

SOURCES: Wikipedia: List of countries by level of military equipment (List); IISS (International Institute for Strategic Studies). 2001. The Military Balance 2001-2002. Oxford: Oxford University Press; http://www.visionofhumanity.org/#/page/indexes/global-peace-index, Global Rankings. Vision of Humanity.; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; World Development Indicators database; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; Uppsala Conflict Data Program, http://www.pcr.uu.se/research/ucdp/.; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance.; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Yearbook: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security.; Bonn International Center for Conversion (BICC); IISS (International Institute for Strategic Studies). 2001. The Military Balance 2001-2002. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arms_industry#World.27s_largest_arms_importers
http://www.sipri.org/googlemaps/2013_of_at_top_20_imp_map.html
, The Top 20 Arms Importers, 2008 –2012; Wikipedia: List of parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (Ratified or acceded states); Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Geneva, Switzerland, 1997. Data collected from the nations concerned, unless otherwise indicated. Acronyms: Amnesty International (AI); European Council of Conscripts Organizations (ECCO); Friends World Committee for Consultation (FWCC); International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights (IHFHR); National Interreligious Service Board for Conscientious Objectors (NISBCO); Service, Peace and Justice in Latin America (SERPAJ); War Resisters International (WRI); World Council of Churches (WCC); calculated on the basis of data on armed forces from IISS (International Institute for Strategic Studies). 2001. The Military Balance 2001-2002. Oxford: Oxford University Press; SIPRI (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute). 2005. SIPRI Arms Transfers. Database. February. Stockholm.; Wikipedia: 2002 Bali bombings (Fatalities by country) (Australian Department of Defence. " Aspects of forensic responses to the Bali bombings "); Bonn International Center for Conversion (BICC). Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arms_industry#World.27s_largest_arms_importers
http://www.sipri.org/googlemaps/2013_of_at_top_20_imp_map.html
, The Top 20 Arms Importers, 2008 –2012. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; SIPRI (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute). 2005. SIPRI Arms Transfers. Database. February. Stockholm. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; CIA World Factbook, 14 June, 2007; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: 2002 Bali bombings (Fatalities by country) (Australian Department of Defence. " Aspects of forensic responses to the Bali bombings "). Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; CIA World Factbook, 14 June, 2007. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; SIPRI (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute). 2005. SIPRI Arms Transfers. Database. February. Stockholm. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.

Citation

"Military: Australia and Indonesia compared", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/compare/Australia/Indonesia/Military

5

The Indonesian Armed Forces is one of the most capable forces in South East Asia. With a population of more than a quarter of a billion individuals, the country’s military is among the largest in the world. It is also on the process of upgrading its inventory in order to keep pace with its neighbors (Vietnam, Thailand, Singapore, and Malaysia also have respectable forces). However, corruption amongst the military circles are seen to suck out 30% of the military funding; thus, hampering full advancement of its capabilities. In spite of that, Indonesia, fueled by its economic success, has a very capable armed forces equipped with modern materiel bought from the US, Germany, and Russia. Its army, for instance, has several Leopard 2s, considered to be one of the world’s most capable tanks, and it is on the process of acquiring more. The Indonesian air force has several Russian 4th generation Su-30 and Su-35, and the American F-16.

Australia does not have the sheer size of its Indonesian counterpart. However, in technical aspects, Australia’s military is more advanced and more potent. This is because Australia’s economy is more stable, more developed, and more diversified than Indonesia’s; thus, it can afford to purchase the latest and most accurate military hardware the world has to offer. Currently, the Royal Air Force is equipped with American F-18 Hornets and Super Hornets, but it has struck a deal with the US government for the acquisition of 5th generation multi-role stealth strike fighter, the F-35. The Royal army also has tested American hardware, the venerable M1 Abrams.

Essentially, a future conflict between the two countries would be naval and aerial. At present, Australia’s air and naval forces are much more equipped, thanks to its annual budget of 26 billion USD. Indonesia’s forces are unarguably growing and expanding, but existent corruption and bureaucratic problems hampers major growth and expansion efforts.

Posted on 06 Apr 2014

Edsel.G

Edsel.G

247 Stat enthusiast

0

You do realise that the Royal Air Force (RAF) is different to the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) don't you? The Australian Army is Australia's military land force (and not the Royal Army). (It is part of the Australian Defence Force (ADF) along with the Royal Australian Navy and the Royal Australian Air Force.)

Posted on 02 May 2014

Anonym

Anonym