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Military Stats: compare key data on India & Pakistan

Edsel.G

Author: Edsel.G

India and Pakistan have long engaged in wars, largely due to a territorial dispute in the Kashmir region. Originally, the conflict began when the subcontinent was divided after World War II for the sole purpose of separating Muslims from the Hindus. However, this division was not as effective as it was foreseen, and the long and bloody series of the Indo-Pakistani conflicts began.

Today, the border between India and Pakistan is relatively quiet, but the conflict between the two countries is far from over. In 2008, terrorists attacked a hotel in Mumbai, causing considerable damage and casualties. Indian intelligence and authorities linked the attacks to the Pakistani Intelligence Agency. Pakistan denied this vehemently, as was expected.

In almost all aspects, India holds the upper hand; numerically, technologically, and economically, India is significantly superior to Pakistan. India is the world’s number one buyer of arms and weapons from a variety of contractors and manufacturers from the US, UK, China, Russia, and several others. New Delhi does not shy away from spending billions of dollars from its coffers in order to bulk up its armed forces. It has recently concluded a deal with France for the acquisition of top-of-the-line fighters, the Rafale. At the same time, it is also striking deals with Israel for the development of missile defense systems like the effective Israeli Iron Dome Shield.

On the other hand, Pakistan does have a respectable military. Two years ago, it drove away the seemingly powerful Taliban forces from its rural strongholds, further highlighting to the world that Pakistan is no nation to reckon with. However, in a toe-to-toe conflict with India, Pakistan will surely succumb to the aforementioned superiority of the former, if not of the latter’s nuclear deterrence.

Pakistan, like India, is nuclear capable, and its policy states that it will use its nuclear weapons in an event of an unwinnable war, regardless of whether the invading foe uses nuclear weapons or not.

The rival countries nuclear capability guarantees one thing: an all-out war is far from desirable for either country. If it does happen, annihilation of both countries is a guaranteed.

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Definitions

  • Air force > Combat aircraft: Number of fighter aircrafts (fixed wing aircrafts with combat capability).
  • Army > Attack helicopters: Number of attack helicopter (includes helicopters that have some attacking capabilities).
  • Army > Main battle tanks: Number of main battle tanks.
  • Battle-related deaths > Number of people: Battle-related deaths (number of people). Battle-related deaths are deaths in battle-related conflicts between warring parties in the conflict dyad (two conflict units that are parties to a conflict). Typically, battle-related deaths occur in warfare involving the armed forces of the warring parties. This includes traditional battlefield fighting, guerrilla activities, and all kinds of bombardments of military units, cities, and villages, etc. The targets are usually the military itself and its installations or state institutions and state representatives, but there is often substantial collateral damage in the form of civilians being killed in crossfire, in indiscriminate bombings, etc. All deaths--military as well as civilian--incurred in such situations, are counted as battle-related deaths.
  • Budget: Annual defense budget in billion USD.
  • Global Peace Index: The Global Peace Index is comprised of 22 indicators in the three categories ongoing domestic or international conflicts; societal safety; and security and militarization. A low index value indicates a peaceful and safe country.
  • Navy > Corvette warships: Number of corvettes.
  • Navy > Nuclear submarines: Number of nuclear submarines.
  • Navy > Submarines: Number of patrol boats (includes minesweepers).
  • Paramilitary personnel: Paramilitary.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Personnel > Per capita: Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organization, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Service age and obligation: This entry gives the required ages for voluntary or conscript military service and the length of sevice obligation.
  • WMD > Missile: A description of the nation's situation with regards to the possession and manufacture of missile weapons of mass destruction
  • WMD > Nuclear: A description of the nation's situation with regards to the possession and manufacture of nuclear weapons
  • War deaths: Battle-related deaths are deaths in battle-related conflicts between warring parties in the conflict dyad (two conflict units that are parties to a conflict). Typically, battle-related deaths occur in warfare involving the armed forces of the warring parties. This includes traditional battlefield fighting, guerrilla activities, and all kinds of bombardments of military units, cities, and villages, etc. The targets are usually the military itself and its installations or state institutions and state representatives, but there is often substantial collateral damage in the form of civilians being killed in crossfire, in indiscriminate bombings, etc. All deaths--military as well as civilian--incurred in such situations, are counted as battle-related deaths."
  • Military service age and obligation: This entry gives the required ages for voluntary or conscript military service and the length of service obligation.
  • Navy > Aircraft carriers: Number of aircraft carriers.
  • Armed forces personnel: Total armed forces (2000)
  • Military expenditures: This entry gives spending on defense programs for the most recent year available as a percent of gross domestic product (GDP); the GDP is calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in terms of purchasing power parity (PPP). For countries with no military forces, this figure can include expenditures on public security and police.
  • Military branches: This entry lists the service branches subordinate to defense ministries or the equivalent (typically ground, naval, air, and marine forces).
  • Expenditures > Percent of GDP: Current military expenditures as an estimated percent of gross domestic product (GDP).
  • Armed forces personnel > Total: Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organisation, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces."
  • Personnel: Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organization, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces.
  • Navy > Frigates: Number of frigates.
  • Navy > Destroyers: Number of destroyers.
  • Nuclear weapons > Nuclear warheads: Total nuclear warheads.
  • Navy > Cruisers: Number of cruisers.
  • Expenditures > Dollar figure per capita: Current military expenditures in US dollars; the figure is calculated by multiplying the estimated defense spending in percentage terms by the gross domestic product (GDP) calculated on an exchange rate basis not purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. Dollar figures for military expenditures should be treated with caution because of different price patterns and accounting methods among nations, as well as wide variations in the strength of their currencies. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Branches: The names of the ground, naval, air, marine, and other defense or security forces
  • Air force > Bombers: Number of bomber combat aircrafts.
  • Battle-related deaths > Number of people per million: Battle-related deaths (number of people). Battle-related deaths are deaths in battle-related conflicts between warring parties in the conflict dyad (two conflict units that are parties to a conflict). Typically, battle-related deaths occur in warfare involving the armed forces of the warring parties. This includes traditional battlefield fighting, guerrilla activities, and all kinds of bombardments of military units, cities, and villages, etc. The targets are usually the military itself and its installations or state institutions and state representatives, but there is often substantial collateral damage in the form of civilians being killed in crossfire, in indiscriminate bombings, etc. All deaths--military as well as civilian--incurred in such situations, are counted as battle-related deaths. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Nuclear weapons > Total yield of all tests: Total yield, kt.
  • Weapons of mass destruction > Chemical weapons possession:

    Status of possession of chemical weapons of countries that either declared chemical weapon stockpiles, are suspected of secretly stockpiling them, or are running chemical weapons research programs.

  • Air force > Fighters: Number of fighter combat aircrafts.
  • Military expenditure > Current LCU: Military expenditures data from SIPRI are derived from the NATO definition, which includes all current and capital expenditures on the armed forces, including peacekeeping forces; defense ministries and other government agencies engaged in defense projects; paramilitary forces, if these are judged to be trained and equipped for military operations; and military space activities. Such expenditures include military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions of military personnel and social services for personnel; operation and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid (in the military expenditures of the donor country). Excluded are civil defense and current expenditures for previous military activities, such as for veterans' benefits, demobilisation, conversion, and destruction of weapons. This definition cannot be applied for all countries, however, since that would require much more detailed information than is available about what is included in military budgets and off-budget military expenditure items. (For example, military budgets might or might not cover civil defense, reserves and auxiliary forces, police and paramilitary forces, dual-purpose forces such as military and civilian police, military grants in kind, pensions for military personnel, and social security contributions paid by one part of government to another.)"
  • Nuclear weapons > Nuclear tests: Tests.
  • Highest military decorations > Name: Name of each country’s highest military decoration.
  • Navy > Patrol boats: Number of patrol boats (Includes minesweepers).
  • Manpower reaching military age annually > Males: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching military age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults.
  • Expenditures > Dollar figure: Current military expenditures in US dollars; the figure is calculated by multiplying the estimated defense spending in percentage terms by the gross domestic product (GDP) calculated on an exchange rate basis not purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. Dollar figures for military expenditures should be treated with caution because of different price patterns and accounting methods among nations, as well as wide variations in the strength of their currencies
  • Nuclear weapons > Atmospheric tests: Atmospheric tests.
  • Nuclear weapons > Share of all nuclear tests: By test count.
  • Nuclear weapons > Peaceful use tests: Peaceful tests.
  • Nuclear weapons > Share of all nuclear tests by yield: By yield.
  • Nuclear weapons > Test detonations: Detonations.
  • Armed forces personnel per 1000: Total armed forces (2000). Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Males: The number of draft-age males and females entering the military manpower pool in any given year and is a measure of the availability of draft-age young adults.
  • Personnel per 1000: Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organization, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Expenditure > Current LCU: Military expenditures data from SIPRI are derived from the NATO definition, which includes all current and capital expenditures on the armed forces, including peacekeeping forces; defense ministries and other government agencies engaged in defense projects; paramilitary forces, if these are judged to be trained and equipped for military operations; and military space activities. Such expenditures include military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions of military personnel and social services for personnel; operation and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid (in the military expenditures of the donor country). Excluded are civil defense and current expenditures for previous military activities, such as for veterans' benefits, demobilization, conversion, and destruction of weapons. This definition cannot be applied for all countries, however, since that would require much more detailed information than is available about what is included in military budgets and off-budget military expenditure items. (For example, military budgets might or might not cover civil defense, reserves and auxiliary forces, police and paramilitary forces, dual-purpose forces such as military and civilian police, military grants in kind, pensions for military personnel, and social security contributions paid by one part of government to another.)
  • Arms trade > Arms imports, top countries: Compares the world's largest arms importers, in millions of US Dollars. Data corresponds to the year 2010, and was compiled by SIPRI (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute), a think tank dedicated to the research of conflict, armaments, arms control and disarmament in the world, with presence in Stockholm, Beijing and Washington DC. For more comprehensive statistics, visit the intitute's databases section
  • Weapons of mass destruction > Chemical Weapons Convention ratification: Date of ratification of the Chemical Weapon Convention (CWC) of countries who either declared chemical weapon stockpiles, are suspected of secretly stockpiling them, or are running chemical weapons research programs.
  • Conscription: A description of the status of conscription in the nation in 1997.
  • Armed forces growth: Growth in the number of armed forces personnel from 1985 (index = 100) to 2000. 100 means no growth, 50 means it halved and 200 means it doubled.
  • Imports > USD: Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services."
  • WMD > Biological: A description of the nation's situation with regards to the possession and manufacture of biological weapons of mass destruction
  • Military expenditures > Percent of GDP: This entry gives spending on defense programs for the most recent year available as a percent of gross domestic product (GDP); the GDP is calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in terms of purchasing power parity (PPP). For countries with no military forces, this figure can include expenditures on public security and police.
  • Conventional arms > Exports: Conventional arms transfers (1990 prices) - Exports (US$ millions) Refers to the voluntary transfer by the supplier (and thus excludes captured weapons and weapons obtained through defectors) of weapons with a military purpose destined for the armed forces, paramilitary forces or intelligence agencies of another country. These include major conventional weapons or systems in six categories: ships, aircraft, missiles, artillery, armoured vehicles and guidance and radar systems (excluded are trucks, services, ammunition, small arms, support items, components and component technology and towed or naval artillery under 100-millimetre calibre).
  • Expenditures > Dollar figure > Per $ GDP: Current military expenditures in US dollars; the figure is calculated by multiplying the estimated defense spending in percentage terms by the gross domestic product (GDP) calculated on an exchange rate basis not purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. Dollar figures for military expenditures should be treated with caution because of different price patterns and accounting methods among nations, as well as wide variations in the strength of their currencies Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product
  • WMD > Chemical: A description of the nation's situation with regards to the possession and manufacture of chemical weapons of mass destruction
  • Weapon holdings per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Arms trade > Arms imports, top countries per million people: Compares the world's largest arms importers, in millions of US Dollars. Data corresponds to the year 2010, and was compiled by SIPRI (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute), a think tank dedicated to the research of conflict, armaments, arms control and disarmament in the world, with presence in Stockholm, Beijing and Washington DC. For more comprehensive statistics, visit the intitute's databases section. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Arms > Exports > Constant 1990 US$: Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services.
  • Exports > USD: Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services."
  • Conventional arms > Exports per capita: Conventional arms transfers (1990 prices) - Exports (US$ millions) Refers to the voluntary transfer by the supplier (and thus excludes captured weapons and weapons obtained through defectors) of weapons with a military purpose destined for the armed forces, paramilitary forces or intelligence agencies of another country. These include major conventional weapons or systems in six categories: ships, aircraft, missiles, artillery, armoured vehicles and guidance and radar systems (excluded are trucks, services, ammunition, small arms, support items, components and component technology and towed or naval artillery under 100-millimetre calibre). Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Highest military decorations > Number awarded: Amount of time the country’s military decoration has been awarded.
  • Manpower reaching military age annually > Males per thousand people: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching military age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Expenditures > Dollar figure > Per capita: Current military expenditures in US dollars; the figure is calculated by multiplying the estimated defense spending in percentage terms by the gross domestic product (GDP) calculated on an exchange rate basis not purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. Dollar figures for military expenditures should be treated with caution because of different price patterns and accounting methods among nations, as well as wide variations in the strength of their currencies Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Conventional arms imports: Conventional arms transfers (1990 prices) - Imports (US$ millions) Refers to the voluntary transfer by the supplier (and thus excludes captured weapons and weapons obtained through defectors) of weapons with a military purpose destined for the armed forces, paramilitary forces or intelligence agencies of another country. These include major conventional weapons or systems in six categories: ships, aircraft, missiles, artillery, armoured vehicles and guidance and radar systems (excluded are trucks, services, ammunition, small arms, support items, components and component technology and towed or naval artillery under 100-millimetre calibre).
  • Manpower > Military age: The minimum age at which an individual may volunteer for military service or be subject to conscription.
  • Conventional arms > Exports > Per $ GDP: Conventional arms transfers (1990 prices) - Exports (US$ millions) Refers to the voluntary transfer by the supplier (and thus excludes captured weapons and weapons obtained through defectors) of weapons with a military purpose destined for the armed forces, paramilitary forces or intelligence agencies of another country. These include major conventional weapons or systems in six categories: ships, aircraft, missiles, artillery, armoured vehicles and guidance and radar systems (excluded are trucks, services, ammunition, small arms, support items, components and component technology and towed or naval artillery under 100-millimetre calibre). Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Manpower reaching military service age annually > Males age 18-49: This entry gives the number of draft-age males and females entering the military manpower pool in any given year and is a measure of the availability of draft-age young adults.
  • Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Males: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults.
  • Arms > Exports > Constant 1990 US$ > Per capita: Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Employment in arms > Production per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Manpower > Availability > Males age 15-49: The total numbers of males aged 15-49. This statistic assumes that every individual is fit to serve.
  • US military > Exports: U.S. Military Exports, for the year 1998 (in thousands of US dollars)
  • Conventional arms imports per capita: Conventional arms transfers (1990 prices) - Imports (US$ millions) Refers to the voluntary transfer by the supplier (and thus excludes captured weapons and weapons obtained through defectors) of weapons with a military purpose destined for the armed forces, paramilitary forces or intelligence agencies of another country. These include major conventional weapons or systems in six categories: ships, aircraft, missiles, artillery, armoured vehicles and guidance and radar systems (excluded are trucks, services, ammunition, small arms, support items, components and component technology and towed or naval artillery under 100-millimetre calibre). Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Manpower reaching military age annually > Females per thousand people: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching military age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Manpower reaching military age annually > Females: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching military age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults.
  • Manpower > Fit for military service > Males age 15-49: The number of males aged 15-49 fit for military service. This is a more refined measure of potential military manpower availability which tries to correct for the health situation in the country and reduces the maximum potential number to a more realistic estimate of the actual number fit to serve.
  • Manpower > Availability > Males age 15-49 per 1000: The total numbers of males aged 15-49. This statistic assumes that every individual is fit to serve. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Iraq pledges of reconstruction aid: Amount pledged by donor countries for reconstruction in Iraq, as of December 31, 2005. NOTES ON PLEDGES OF RECONSTRUCTION AID TABLE: The European Commission has pledged $518,119,988, which includes an additional January 2005 pledge of 200 million Euros (approximately $260 million), not yet formally committed to UNDG or World Bank Iraqi Trust Fund. Not incuded in this graph is $65,000,000 in additional pledges from Kuwait. "The World Bank, United Nations and CPA estimated Iraq will need $56 billion for reconstruction and stabilization efforts from 2004 to 2007, but that estimate is probably too low." -Brookings Institute. UPDATE ON 2003 MADRID CONFERENCE PLEDGES: Of the $13.5 billion pledged by donors other than the United States, $3.2 billion has been disbursed as of December 2005. The figure for the United States is derived from the IRRF 1 and 2. Status of the IRRF 2 as of January 6, 2006: $16.9 billion as been committed, and just over $10.1 billion has been expended.
  • Manpower reaching military service age annually > Males age 18-49 per 1000: This entry gives the number of draft-age males and females entering the military manpower pool in any given year and is a measure of the availability of draft-age young adults. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Conventional arms imports > Per $ GDP: Conventional arms transfers (1990 prices) - Imports (US$ millions) Refers to the voluntary transfer by the supplier (and thus excludes captured weapons and weapons obtained through defectors) of weapons with a military purpose destined for the armed forces, paramilitary forces or intelligence agencies of another country. These include major conventional weapons or systems in six categories: ships, aircraft, missiles, artillery, armoured vehicles and guidance and radar systems (excluded are trucks, services, ammunition, small arms, support items, components and component technology and towed or naval artillery under 100-millimetre calibre). Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Iraq pledges of reconstruction aid per capita: Amount pledged by donor countries for reconstruction in Iraq, as of December 31, 2005. NOTES ON PLEDGES OF RECONSTRUCTION AID TABLE: The European Commission has pledged $518,119,988, which includes an additional January 2005 pledge of 200 million Euros (approximately $260 million), not yet formally committed to UNDG or World Bank Iraqi Trust Fund. Not incuded in this graph is $65,000,000 in additional pledges from Kuwait. "The World Bank, United Nations and CPA estimated Iraq will need $56 billion for reconstruction and stabilization efforts from 2004 to 2007, but that estimate is probably too low." -Brookings Institute. UPDATE ON 2003 MADRID CONFERENCE PLEDGES: Of the $13.5 billion pledged by donors other than the United States, $3.2 billion has been disbursed as of December 2005. The figure for the United States is derived from the IRRF 1 and 2. Status of the IRRF 2 as of January 6, 2006: $16.9 billion as been committed, and just over $10.1 billion has been expended. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Armed forces personnel > % of total labor force: Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organisation, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces. Labor force comprises all people who meet the International Labour Organisation's definition of the economically active population."
  • US military > Exports, % of GDP: U.S. Military Exports, for the year 1998 (in thousands of US dollars). Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Expenditures > Dollar figure, % of GDP: Current military expenditures in US dollars; the figure is calculated by multiplying the estimated defense spending in percentage terms by the gross domestic product (GDP) calculated on an exchange rate basis not purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. Dollar figures for military expenditures should be treated with caution because of different price patterns and accounting methods among nations, as well as wide variations in the strength of their currencies. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Military expenditure > % of GDP: Military expenditures data from SIPRI are derived from the NATO definition, which includes all current and capital expenditures on the armed forces, including peacekeeping forces; defense ministries and other government agencies engaged in defense projects; paramilitary forces, if these are judged to be trained and equipped for military operations; and military space activities. Such expenditures include military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions of military personnel and social services for personnel; operation and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid (in the military expenditures of the donor country). Excluded are civil defense and current expenditures for previous military activities, such as for veterans' benefits, demobilisation, conversion, and destruction of weapons. This definition cannot be applied for all countries, however, since that would require much more detailed information than is available about what is included in military budgets and off-budget military expenditure items. (For example, military budgets might or might not cover civil defense, reserves and auxiliary forces, police and paramilitary forces, dual-purpose forces such as military and civilian police, military grants in kind, pensions for military personnel, and social security contributions paid by one part of government to another.)"
  • Manpower > Fit for military service > Males age 15-49 per 1000: The number of males aged 15-49 fit for military service. This is a more refined measure of potential military manpower availability which tries to correct for the health situation in the country and reduces the maximum potential number to a more realistic estimate of the actual number fit to serve. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Females per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Manpower > Fit for military service > Females per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Males per thousand people: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Manpower > Fit for military service > Males age 15-49 > Per capita: The number of males aged 15-49 fit for military service. This is a more refined measure of potential military manpower availability which tries to correct for the health situation in the country and reduces the maximum potential number to a more realistic estimate of the actual number fit to serve. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Females > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Manpower > Availability > Males age 15-49 > Per capita: The total numbers of males aged 15-49. This statistic assumes that every individual is fit to serve. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Males > Per capita: The number of draft-age males and females entering the military manpower pool in any given year and is a measure of the availability of draft-age young adults. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Iraq pledges of reconstruction aid, % of GDP: Amount pledged by donor countries for reconstruction in Iraq, as of December 31, 2005. NOTES ON PLEDGES OF RECONSTRUCTION AID TABLE: The European Commission has pledged $518,119,988, which includes an additional January 2005 pledge of 200 million Euros (approximately $260 million), not yet formally committed to UNDG or World Bank Iraqi Trust Fund. Not incuded in this graph is $65,000,000 in additional pledges from Kuwait. "The World Bank, United Nations and CPA estimated Iraq will need $56 billion for reconstruction and stabilization efforts from 2004 to 2007, but that estimate is probably too low." -Brookings Institute. UPDATE ON 2003 MADRID CONFERENCE PLEDGES: Of the $13.5 billion pledged by donors other than the United States, $3.2 billion has been disbursed as of December 2005. The figure for the United States is derived from the IRRF 1 and 2. Status of the IRRF 2 as of January 6, 2006: $16.9 billion as been committed, and just over $10.1 billion has been expended. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Females: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults.
  • Arms > Exports > Constant 1990 US$ per capita: Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Males per 1000: The number of draft-age males and females entering the military manpower pool in any given year and is a measure of the availability of draft-age young adults. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Expenditure > % of GDP: Military expenditures data from SIPRI are derived from the NATO definition, which includes all current and capital expenditures on the armed forces, including peacekeeping forces; defense ministries and other government agencies engaged in defense projects; paramilitary forces, if these are judged to be trained and equipped for military operations; and military space activities. Such expenditures include military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions of military personnel and social services for personnel; operation and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid (in the military expenditures of the donor country). Excluded are civil defense and current expenditures for previous military activities, such as for veterans' benefits, demobilization, conversion, and destruction of weapons. This definition cannot be applied for all countries, however, since that would require much more detailed information than is available about what is included in military budgets and off-budget military expenditure items. (For example, military budgets might or might not cover civil defense, reserves and auxiliary forces, police and paramilitary forces, dual-purpose forces such as military and civilian police, military grants in kind, pensions for military personnel, and social security contributions paid by one part of government to another.)
  • Expenditure > % of central government expenditure: Military expenditures data from SIPRI are derived from the NATO definition, which includes all current and capital expenditures on the armed forces, including peacekeeping forces; defense ministries and other government agencies engaged in defense projects; paramilitary forces, if these are judged to be trained and equipped for military operations; and military space activities. Such expenditures include military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions of military personnel and social services for personnel; operation and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid (in the military expenditures of the donor country). Excluded are civil defense and current expenditures for previous military activities, such as for veterans' benefits, demobilization, conversion, and destruction of weapons. This definition cannot be applied for all countries, however, since that would require much more detailed information than is available about what is included in military budgets and off-budget military expenditure items. (For example, military budgets might or might not cover civil defense, reserves and auxiliary forces, police and paramilitary forces, dual-purpose forces such as military and civilian police, military grants in kind, pensions for military personnel, and social security contributions paid by one part of government to another.)
  • Conventional arms > Exports, % of GDP: Conventional arms transfers (1990 prices) - Exports (US$ millions) Refers to the voluntary transfer by the supplier (and thus excludes captured weapons and weapons obtained through defectors) of weapons with a military purpose destined for the armed forces, paramilitary forces or intelligence agencies of another country. These include major conventional weapons or systems in six categories: ships, aircraft, missiles, artillery, armoured vehicles and guidance and radar systems (excluded are trucks, services, ammunition, small arms, support items, components and component technology and towed or naval artillery under 100-millimetre calibre). Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Iraq pledges of reconstruction aid > Per $ GDP: Amount pledged by donor countries for reconstruction in Iraq, as of December 31, 2005. NOTES ON PLEDGES OF RECONSTRUCTION AID TABLE: The European Commission has pledged $518,119,988, which includes an additional January 2005 pledge of 200 million Euros (approximately $260 million), not yet formally committed to UNDG or World Bank Iraqi Trust Fund. Not incuded in this graph is $65,000,000 in additional pledges from Kuwait. "The World Bank, United Nations and CPA estimated Iraq will need $56 billion for reconstruction and stabilization efforts from 2004 to 2007, but that estimate is probably too low." -Brookings Institute. UPDATE ON 2003 MADRID CONFERENCE PLEDGES: Of the $13.5 billion pledged by donors other than the United States, $3.2 billion has been disbursed as of December 2005. The figure for the United States is derived from the IRRF 1 and 2. Status of the IRRF 2 as of January 6, 2006: $16.9 billion as been committed, and just over $10.1 billion has been expended. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 100,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Manpower > Availability > Females per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Manpower > Availability > Males per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Personnel > % of total labor force: Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organization, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces. Labor force comprises all people who meet the International Labour Organization's definition of the economically active population.
  • Defence minister: Name of defence minister.
  • Manpower > Fit for military service > Males per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Females per thousand people: This entry is derived from Military > Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually, which gives the number of males and females entering the military manpower pool (i.e., reaching age 16) in any given year and is a measure of the availability of military-age young adults. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • US military > Exports per 1000: U.S. Military Exports, for the year 1998 (in thousands of US dollars). Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Conventional arms imports, % of GDP: Conventional arms transfers (1990 prices) - Imports (US$ millions) Refers to the voluntary transfer by the supplier (and thus excludes captured weapons and weapons obtained through defectors) of weapons with a military purpose destined for the armed forces, paramilitary forces or intelligence agencies of another country. These include major conventional weapons or systems in six categories: ships, aircraft, missiles, artillery, armoured vehicles and guidance and radar systems (excluded are trucks, services, ammunition, small arms, support items, components and component technology and towed or naval artillery under 100-millimetre calibre). Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
STAT India Pakistan HISTORY
Air force > Combat aircraft 1,080
Ranked 2nd. 2 times more than Pakistan
502
Ranked 1st.
Army > Attack helicopters 140
Ranked 4th. 27% more than Pakistan
110
Ranked 1st.
Army > Main battle tanks 5,978
Ranked 2nd. 49% more than Pakistan
4,000
Ranked 1st.
Battle-related deaths > Number of people 427
Ranked 11th.
2,825
Ranked 2nd. 7 times more than India

Budget 42.84 US$ BN
Ranked 4th. 5 times more than Pakistan
7.8 US$ BN
Ranked 1st.
Global Peace Index 2.57
Ranked 22nd.
3.11
Ranked 6th. 21% more than India

Navy > Corvette warships 36
Ranked 1st. 5 times more than Pakistan
8
Ranked 1st.
Navy > Nuclear submarines 2
Ranked 3rd.
0.0
Ranked 1st.
Navy > Submarines 18
Ranked 2nd. 2 times more than Pakistan
8
Ranked 1st.
Paramilitary personnel 1.3 million
Ranked 2nd. 4 times more than Pakistan
304,000
Ranked 1st.
Personnel > Per capita 2.78 per 1,000 people
Ranked 108th.
5.91 per 1,000 people
Ranked 60th. 2 times more than India

Service age and obligation 16 years of age for voluntary military service; no conscription; women officers allowed in noncombat roles only 16 years of age for voluntary military service; soldiers cannot be deployed for combat until age of 18; the Pakistani Air Force and Pakistani Navy have inducted their first female pilots and sailors
WMD > Missile For almost two decades, India has sought to develop and deploy ballistic and other missiles. User trials of the Prithvi-1 (150 km-range) and Prithvi-2 (250 km-range) ballistic missiles have been completed; both variants have been "inducted" into the Indian Army and Air Force respectively. India's Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) announced in September 2002 that the naval variant of the Prithvi (Dhanush) has completed sea trials and is ready for "induction." Five tests of different versions of the intermediate-range Agni ballistic missile were conducted between May 1989 and January 2001. Limited series production of the Agni-TD-I (1,500 km-range) and Agni-II (2,000-2,500 km-range) has commenced, and the Indian Army is raising a missile group to take possession of the missiles. In January 2003, DRDO conducted a second test of the single-stage, solid-fuel, 700-800 km-range version of the Agni. This new missile has been dubbed the Agni-1; it will be the likely successor to the Prithvi-series, which will henceforth be used in a battlefield support role. India reportedly will test a 3,500-4,000 km-range variant of the Agni (Agni-III) by the end of 2003. 'Development flight-trials' of the supersonic cruise missile BrahMos/PJ-10, which India is co-developing with Russian assistance, are likely to continue through 2003, with serial production expected to begin in 2004. However, India's sea-launched ballistic missile, Sagarika, is not expected to become operational before 2010. India is not a member of the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR); in November 2002, it rejected a draft of the International Code of Conduct (ICOC) on ballistic missile proliferation on grounds that it is discriminatory and interferes with the peaceful uses of space technology. Pakistan is developing both solid- and liquid-fueled ballistic missiles, based extensively on foreign systems. In the early 1990s, Pakistan purchased a small number of 300km-range M-11 ballistic missiles from China; Beijing also built a turnkey ballistic missile manufacturing facility at Tarwanah, a suburb of Rawalpindi. By the late 1990s, China helped Pakistan develop the 750km-range, solid-fueled Shaheen-1 ballistic missile, which was last tested in October 2002. In the late 1990s, Pakistan also acquired a small number of 1,500km-range Nodong ballistic missiles from North Korea. The Pakistani version of the Nodong, known as the Ghauri, was flight-tested in April 1998 and April 1999. The ballistic missiles are being developed by two rival agencies, the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission and the Khan Research Laboratories, which fall under the aegis of the National Development Complex.
WMD > Nuclear India embarked on a nuclear power program in 1958 and a nuclear explosives program in 1968. Following a test of a nuclear device in May 1974, and five additional nuclear weapon-related tests in May 1998, India formally declared itself a nuclear weapon state. New Delhi's stock of weapons-grade plutonium is estimated to be between 240-395kg, which depending on the sophistication of the warhead design, could be used to manufacture 40-90 simple fission weapons. According to Indian government sources, India is capable of building a range of nuclear weapon systems ranging from "…low yields to 200 kilotons, involving fission, boosted-fission, and two-stage thermonuclear designs." India is not a member of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT). In the mid-1970s, Pakistan embarked upon the uranium enrichment route to acquiring a nuclear weapons capability. By the mid-1980s, Pakistan had a clandestine uranium enrichment facility; and as early as 1989-1990, the United States concluded that Islamabad had acquired the capability to assemble a first-generation nuclear device. Pakistan is believed to have stockpiled approximately 580-800kg of highly enriched uranium (HEU), sufficient amounts to build 30-50 fission bombs. In 1998, Pakistan commissioned the Khushab research reactor, which is capable of yielding 10-15kg of weapons-grade plutonium annually. According to the United States, China helped Pakistan by providing nuclear-related materials, scientific expertise, and technical assistance. Islamabad conducted nuclear tests in May 1998, shortly after India conducted its own weapon tests and declared itself a nuclear weapon state. Pakistan is not a signatory to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT).
War deaths 1,962
Ranked 5th.
6,665
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than India

Military service age and obligation 16-18 years of age for voluntary military service (Army 17 1/2, Air Force 17, Navy 16 1/2); no conscription; women may join as officers, but for noncombat roles only 16-23 years of age for voluntary military service; soldiers cannot be deployed for combat until age 18; the Pakistani Air Force and Pakistani Navy have inducted their first female pilots and sailors; the Pakistan Air Force recruits aviation technicians at age 15; service obligation (Navy) 10-18 years; retirement required after 18-30 years service or age 40-52
Navy > Aircraft carriers 2
Ranked 2nd.
0.0
Ranked 1st.
Armed forces personnel 1.3 million
Ranked 4th. 2 times more than Pakistan
612,000
Ranked 6th.
Military expenditures 1.8% of GDP
Ranked 28th.
3.1% of GDP
Ranked 13th. 72% more than India
Military branches Army, Navy (includes naval air arm), Air Force, Coast Guard Pakistan Army (includes National Guard), Pakistan Navy (includes Marines and Maritime Security Agency), Pakistan Air Force (Pakistan Fiza'ya)
Expenditures > Percent of GDP 2.5%
Ranked 40th.
3.2%
Ranked 24th. 28% more than India

Manpower fit for military service > Males age 16-49 None None
Armed forces personnel > Total 2.58 million
Ranked 2nd. 3 times more than Pakistan
921,000
Ranked 6th.

Personnel 3.05 million
Ranked 2nd. 3 times more than Pakistan
921,000
Ranked 6th.

Navy > Frigates 28
Ranked 2nd. Twice as much as Pakistan
14
Ranked 1st.
Navy > Destroyers 15
Ranked 2nd. 4 times more than Pakistan
4
Ranked 1st.
Nuclear weapons > Nuclear warheads 110
Ranked 8th.
120
Ranked 7th. 9% more than India
Navy > Cruisers 0.0
Ranked 2nd.
0.0
Ranked 1st.
Expenditures > Dollar figure per capita $12.82
Ranked 66th.
$24.80
Ranked 36th. 94% more than India
Branches Army, Navy (includes naval air arm), Air Force (Bharatiya Vayu Sena), Coast Guard Army (includes National Guard), Navy (includes Marines and Maritime Security Agency), Pakistan Air Force (Pakistan Fiza'ya)
Air force > Bombers 91
Ranked 4th. 30 times more than Pakistan
3
Ranked 9th.
Battle-related deaths > Number of people per million 0.35
Ranked 30th.
16.04
Ranked 9th. 46 times more than India

Nuclear weapons > Total yield of all tests 68 Kt
Ranked 4th. 33% more than Pakistan
51 Kt
Ranked 5th.
Weapons of mass destruction > Chemical weapons possession Known Probable
Air force > Fighters 901
Ranked 4th. 4 times more than Pakistan
234
Ranked 7th.
Military expenditure > Current LCU 1.85 trillion
Ranked 9th. 5 times more than Pakistan
409.6 billion
Ranked 16th.

Nuclear weapons > Nuclear tests 3
Ranked 2nd. 50% more than Pakistan
2
Ranked 4th.
Highest military decorations > Name Param Vir Chakra Nishan-e-Haider
Navy > Patrol boats 54
Ranked 1st. 93% more than Pakistan
28
Ranked 1st.
Manpower reaching military age annually > Males 12.15 million
Ranked 1st. 5 times more than Pakistan
2.24 million
Ranked 4th.

Expenditures > Dollar figure $14.02 billion
Ranked 9th. 4 times more than Pakistan
$3.85 billion
Ranked 9th.
Nuclear weapons > Atmospheric tests 0.0
Ranked 4th.
0.0
Ranked 5th.
Weapon holdings 10.54 million
Ranked 7th. 95% more than Pakistan
5.41 million
Ranked 17th.
Nuclear weapons > Share of all nuclear tests 0.141%
Ranked 4th. 32% more than Pakistan
0.107%
Ranked 6th.
Nuclear weapons > Peaceful use tests 1
Ranked 3rd.
0.0
Ranked 5th.
Nuclear weapons > Share of all nuclear tests by yield 0.0126%
Ranked 4th. 34% more than Pakistan
0.0094%
Ranked 5th.
Nuclear weapons > Test detonations 6
Ranked 4th. The same as Pakistan
6
Ranked 5th.
Armed forces personnel per 1000 1.25
Ranked 126th.
4.25
Ranked 69th. 3 times more than India
Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Males 11.59 million
Ranked 1st. 6 times more than Pakistan
2.06 million
Ranked 5th.

Manpower available for military service > Males age 16-49 None None
Personnel per 1000 2.7
Ranked 110th.
5.83
Ranked 62nd. 2 times more than India

Expenditure > Current LCU 1024844000000 219922000000
Arms trade > Arms imports, top countries 3,337
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than Pakistan
787
Ranked 8th.

Weapons of mass destruction > Chemical Weapons Convention ratification September 3, 1996 October 28, 1997
Conscription No <a href=/graph-T/mil_con>conscription</a> (<a href=/encyclopedia/artificial-intelligence>AI</a>). No <a href=/graph-T/mil_con>conscription</a> (<a href=/encyclopedia/artificial-intelligence>AI</a>).
Armed forces growth 3%
Ranked 65th.
27%
Ranked 51st. 9 times more than India
Imports > USD 1.85 billion
Ranked 2nd. 69% more than Pakistan
1.09 billion
Ranked 5th.

WMD > Biological Although some intelligence estimates suggest that India possesses biological weapons, there is very limited open-source information available about a possible Indian biological weapon program. India has defensive biological weapon capabilities and has conducted research on countering various diseases, including plague, brucellosis, and smallpox. India also has an extensive and advanced pharmaceutical industry and is therefore technically capable of developing biological weapons. India ratified the Biological and Toxic Weapons Convention (BWC) in 1974. While Pakistan is not known to possess biological weapons, it has talented biomedical and biochemical scientists and well-equipped laboratories, which would allow it to quickly establish a sophisticated biological warfare (BW) program, should the government so desire. Indeed, the United States reported in 1996 that Islamabad had been "conducting research and development with potential BW applications." It is not known whether this potential has since been realized. Pakistan signed the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BWC) in April 1972 and ratified it in 1974.
Military expenditures > Percent of GDP 2.5% of GDP
Ranked 27th.
3% of GDP
Ranked 1st. 20% more than India
Conventional arms > Exports $22.00 million
Ranked 25th. 2 times more than Pakistan
$10.00 million
Ranked 29th.
Expenditures > Dollar figure > Per $ GDP $23.29 per 1,000 $ of GDP
Ranked 35th.
$39.27 per 1,000 $ of GDP
Ranked 10th. 69% more than India
WMD > Chemical After many years of denying the existence of a chemical weapon program, India disclosed in June 1997 that it possessed chemical weapons. Few details are publicly available concerning Indian chemical weapon stockpiles, although Chinese researchers suggest that India possesses 1,000 tons of chemical weapon agents, mostly mustard agent, located at five chemical weapon production and storage facilities. Under the terms of the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC), which India signed in 1993 and ratified in September 1996, India must destroy 45 percent of its stockpile by 2004 and the remaining stockpile by 2007. Pakistan signed the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) in 1993 and ratified the treaty in 1997. Islamabad has apparently made no admission in its treaty-mandated declarations of having possessed chemical weapons. Further, there is no reliable information in publicly available literature asserting that Pakistan has ever possessed chemical weapons, although some analysts suspect that it supports an offensive program.
Weapon holdings per 1000 9.95
Ranked 116th.
36.82
Ranked 83th. 4 times more than India
Arms trade > Arms imports, top countries per million people 2.77
Ranked 13th.
4.55
Ranked 11th. 64% more than India

Manpower fit for military service > Females age 16-49 240039958 None
Arms > Exports > Constant 1990 US$ 22 million constant 1990 US$
Ranked 27th. 2 times more than Pakistan
9 million constant 1990 US$
Ranked 30th.

Employment in arms > Production 180,000
Ranked 6th. 4 times more than Pakistan
50,000
Ranked 13th.
Exports > USD 21 million
Ranked 24th. 5% more than Pakistan
20 million
Ranked 26th.

Conventional arms > Exports per capita $0.03
Ranked 38th.
$0.09
Ranked 35th. 4 times more than India
Highest military decorations > Number awarded 21
Ranked 4th. 91% more than Pakistan
11
Ranked 6th.
Manpower reaching military age annually > Males per thousand people 9.83
Ranked 86th.
12.49
Ranked 7th. 27% more than India

Expenditures > Dollar figure > Per capita $13.17 per capita
Ranked 67th.
$25.31 per capita
Ranked 37th. 92% more than India
Conventional arms imports $2.38 billion
Ranked 1st. 7 times more than Pakistan
$344.00 million
Ranked 13th.
Manpower > Availability > Males 301.09 million
Ranked 2nd. 7 times more than Pakistan
42.63 million
Ranked 6th.

Manpower > Military age 17 years of age 17 years of age
Conventional arms > Exports > Per $ GDP 0.007 per $1,000
Ranked 36th.
0.029 per $1,000
Ranked 32nd. 4 times more than India
Manpower reaching military service age annually > Males age 18-49 11.45 million
Ranked 2nd. 6 times more than Pakistan
1.97 million
Ranked 5th.
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Males 12.15 million
Ranked 1st. 5 times more than Pakistan
2.24 million
Ranked 4th.
Manpower available for military service > Females age 16-49 296071637 None
Arms > Exports > Constant 1990 US$ > Per capita 20.38 constant 1990 US$ per 1
Ranked 41st.
57.78 constant 1990 US$ per 1
Ranked 34th. 3 times more than India

Employment in arms > Production per 1000 0.17
Ranked 48th.
0.34
Ranked 43th. Twice as much as India
Manpower > Availability > Females 283.05 million
Ranked 2nd. 7 times more than Pakistan
40.11 million
Ranked 6th.

Manpower > Fit for military service > Males 231.16 million
Ranked 2nd. 7 times more than Pakistan
32.45 million
Ranked 6th.

Manpower > Availability > Males age 15-49 288.25 million
Ranked 2nd. 8 times more than Pakistan
38.13 million
Ranked 7th.

US military > Exports $452.00 thousand
Ranked 64th.
$507.00 thousand
Ranked 59th. 12% more than India
Ongoing conflicts > Start of Conflict 1993 2003
Conventional arms imports per capita $2.73
Ranked 49th.
$3.10
Ranked 45th. 13% more than India
Manpower reaching military age annually > Females per thousand people 8.91
Ranked 117th.
12.16
Ranked 17th. 36% more than India
Manpower reaching military age annually > Females 10.75 million
Ranked 1st. 5 times more than Pakistan
2.1 million
Ranked 4th.
Manpower > Fit for military service > Females 236.63 million
Ranked 2nd. 8 times more than Pakistan
31.37 million
Ranked 6th.

Manpower > Fit for military service > Males age 15-49 169 million
Ranked 2nd. 7 times more than Pakistan
23.33 million
Ranked 7th.

Manpower > Availability > Males age 15-49 per 1000 255.74
Ranked 66th. 6% more than Pakistan
241.4
Ranked 108th.

Iraq pledges of reconstruction aid $35.50 million
Ranked 14th. 14 times more than Pakistan
$2.50 million
Ranked 29th.
Manpower reaching military service age annually > Males age 18-49 per 1000 9.88
Ranked 59th.
12.01
Ranked 17th. 22% more than India
Conventional arms imports > Per $ GDP 0.716 per $1,000
Ranked 28th.
0.99 per $1,000
Ranked 21st. 38% more than India
Iraq pledges of reconstruction aid per capita $0.03
Ranked 35th. Twice as much as Pakistan
$0.02
Ranked 37th.
Armed forces personnel > % of total labor force 0.57%
Ranked 103th.
1.65%
Ranked 33th. 3 times more than India

US military > Exports, % of GDP 1.05e-07%
Ranked 102nd.
8.15e-07%
Ranked 96th. 8 times more than India
Expenditures > Dollar figure, % of GDP 2.27%
Ranked 32nd.
3.93%
Ranked 7th. 73% more than India
Military expenditure > % of GDP 2.97%
Ranked 27th.
3.13%
Ranked 24th. 5% more than India

Manpower > Fit for military service > Males age 15-49 per 1000 149.94
Ranked 104th. 2% more than Pakistan
147.68
Ranked 107th.

Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Females per 1000 9.06
Ranked 107th.
11.6
Ranked 38th. 28% more than India

Manpower > Fit for military service > Females per 1000 201.45
Ranked 68th. 7% more than Pakistan
187.83
Ranked 92nd.

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Males per thousand people 9.95
Ranked 81st.
11.58
Ranked 17th. 16% more than India
Manpower > Fit for military service > Males age 15-49 > Per capita 0.159 per capita
Ranked 104th.
0.16 per capita
Ranked 103th. 1% more than India

Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Females > Per capita 9.27 per 1,000 people
Ranked 115th.
11.21 per 1,000 people
Ranked 47th. 21% more than India

Manpower > Availability > Males age 15-49 > Per capita 0.272 per capita
Ranked 56th. 4% more than Pakistan
0.262 per capita
Ranked 72nd.

Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Males > Per capita 10.1 per 1,000 people
Ranked 104th.
11.93 per 1,000 people
Ranked 24th. 18% more than India

Iraq pledges of reconstruction aid, % of GDP 0.00287%
Ranked 22nd. 64% more than Pakistan
0.00175%
Ranked 25th.
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Females 10.75 million
Ranked 1st. 5 times more than Pakistan
2.1 million
Ranked 4th.
Arms > Exports > Constant 1990 US$ per capita 0.0198 constant 1990 US$
Ranked 41st.
0.057 constant 1990 US$
Ranked 34th. 3 times more than India

Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Males per 1000 9.87
Ranked 99th.
12.35
Ranked 25th. 25% more than India

Expenditure > % of GDP 2.87%
Ranked 20th.
3.36%
Ranked 15th. 17% more than India

Expenditure > % of central government expenditure 18.62%
Ranked 9th.
23.14%
Ranked 1st. 24% more than India

Conventional arms > Exports, % of GDP 0.00674%
Ranked 32nd.
0.025%
Ranked 22nd. 4 times more than India
War deaths > Direct conflict deaths > % of total conflict deaths 4
Ranked 7th. 25% more than Pakistan
3.2
Ranked 10th.
Iraq pledges of reconstruction aid > Per $ GDP $5.13 per $100,000 of GDP
Ranked 22nd. 97% more than Pakistan
$2.60 per $100,000 of GDP
Ranked 26th.
Manpower > Availability > Females per 1000 240.96
Ranked 81st. About the same as Pakistan
240.19
Ranked 83th.

Manpower > Availability > Males per 1000 256.32
Ranked 74th. About the same as Pakistan
255.28
Ranked 79th.

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Female 10745891 2104906
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Male 12151065 2237723
Personnel > % of total labor force 0.7%
Ranked 103th.
1.63%
Ranked 50th. 2 times more than India

Defence minister A. K. Antony Khawaja Muhammad Asif
Manpower > Fit for military service > Males per 1000 196.79
Ranked 80th. 1% more than Pakistan
194.33
Ranked 90th.

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually > Females per thousand people 8.91
Ranked 116th.
12.16
Ranked 17th. 36% more than India
US military > Exports per 1000 $0.00 thousand
Ranked 104th.
$0.00 thousand
Ranked 101st. 8 times more than India
Conventional arms imports, % of GDP 0.727%
Ranked 16th.
0.86%
Ranked 15th. 18% more than India
Manpower > Reaching military age annually > Females 10.64 million
Ranked 1st. 5 times more than Pakistan
1.94 million
Ranked 5th.

SOURCES: Wikipedia: List of countries by level of military equipment (List); Uppsala Conflict Data Program, http://www.pcr.uu.se/research/UCDP/.; http://www.visionofhumanity.org/#/page/indexes/global-peace-index, Global Rankings. Vision of Humanity.; Wikipedia: List of countries by number of military and paramilitary personnel (The list); World Development Indicators database; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; The Nuclear Threat Initiative; Uppsala Conflict Data Program, http://www.pcr.uu.se/research/ucdp/.; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; IISS (International Institute for Strategic Studies). 2001. The Military Balance 2001-2002. Oxford: Oxford University Press; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance.; http://www.fas.org/programs/ssp/nukes/nuclearweapons/nukestatus.html, April 2014; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: List of countries by level of military equipment (Combat aircraft by country); Uppsala Conflict Data Program, http://www.pcr.uu.se/research/UCDP/. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: Worldwide nuclear testing counts and summary (Worldwide nuclear testing totals by country); Wikipedia: Chemical warfare (Efforts to eradicate chemical weapons); Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Yearbook: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security.; Wikipedia: Worldwide nuclear testing counts and summary (Worldwide nuclear testing totals by country) (Including salvo tests counted as a single test.); Wikipedia: List of highest military decorations; Wikipedia: Worldwide nuclear testing counts and summary (Worldwide nuclear testing totals by country) (Defined as these classes of tests: atmospheric, surface, barge, cratering, space, and underwater tests.); Bonn International Center for Conversion (BICC); Wikipedia: Worldwide nuclear testing counts and summary (Worldwide nuclear testing totals by country) (As declared so by the nation testing; some may have been dual use.); Wikipedia: Worldwide nuclear testing counts and summary (Worldwide nuclear testing totals by country) (Detonations include zero-yield detonations in safety tests and failed full yield tests, but not those in the accident category listed above.); IISS (International Institute for Strategic Studies). 2001. The Military Balance 2001-2002. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arms_industry#World.27s_largest_arms_importers
http://www.sipri.org/googlemaps/2013_of_at_top_20_imp_map.html
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India and Pakistan have long engaged in wars, largely due to a territorial dispute in the Kashmir region. Originally, the conflict began when the subcontinent was divided after World War II for the sole purpose of separating Muslims from the Hindus. However, this division was not as effective as it was foreseen, and the long and bloody series of the Indo-Pakistani conflicts began.

Today, the border between India and Pakistan is relatively quiet, but the conflict between the two countries is far from over. In 2008, terrorists attacked a hotel in Mumbai, causing considerable damage and casualties. Indian intelligence and authorities linked the attacks to the Pakistani Intelligence Agency. Pakistan denied this vehemently, as was expected.

In almost all aspects, India holds the upper hand; numerically, technologically, and economically, India is significantly superior to Pakistan. India is the world’s number one buyer of arms and weapons from a variety of contractors and manufacturers from the US, UK, China, Russia, and several others. New Delhi does not shy away from spending billions of dollars from its coffers in order to bulk up its armed forces. It has recently concluded a deal with France for the acquisition of top-of-the-line fighters, the Rafale. At the same time, it is also striking deals with Israel for the development of missile defense systems like the effective Israeli Iron Dome Shield.

On the other hand, Pakistan does have a respectable military. Two years ago, it drove away the seemingly powerful Taliban forces from its rural strongholds, further highlighting to the world that Pakistan is no nation to reckon with. However, in a toe-to-toe conflict with India, Pakistan will surely succumb to the aforementioned superiority of the former, if not of the latter’s nuclear deterrence.

Pakistan, like India, is nuclear capable, and its policy states that it will use its nuclear weapons in an event of an unwinnable war, regardless of whether the invading foe uses nuclear weapons or not.

The rival countries nuclear capability guarantees one thing: an all-out war is far from desirable for either country. If it does happen, annihilation of both countries is a guaranteed.

Posted on 06 Apr 2014

Edsel.G

Edsel.G

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