×

Health Stats: compare key data on India & Pakistan

Definitions

STAT India Pakistan HISTORY
Birth rate > Crude > Per 1,000 people 23.8 per 1,000 people
Ranked 73th.
26.1 per 1,000 people
Ranked 67th. 10% more than India

Births and maternity > Average age of mother at childbirth 26.5
Ranked 58th.
30.4
Ranked 3rd. 15% more than India

Births and maternity > Future births 16,181.96
Ranked 1st. 6 times more than Pakistan
2,842.57
Ranked 10th.

Births and maternity > Total fertility rate 1.84%
Ranked 135th. 1% more than Pakistan
1.82%
Ranked 173th.

Diseases > Cancer > Cancer death rate (per 100,000 population) 100
Ranked 157th.
103
Ranked 152nd. 3% more than India
Hospital beds > Per 1,000 people 0.9 per 1,000 people
Ranked 58th. 29% more than Pakistan
0.7 per 1,000 people
Ranked 60th.

Life expectancy > Men 64 years
Ranked 91st.
65 years
Ranked 87th. 2% more than India
Life expectancy at birth > Total population 66.8 years
Ranked 156th. 1% more than Pakistan
65.99 years
Ranked 161st.

Life expectancy at birth, female > Years 67.74
Ranked 145th. 1% more than Pakistan
67.17
Ranked 146th.

Life expectancy at birth, male > Years 64.26
Ranked 139th.
65.44
Ranked 131st. 2% more than India

Life expectancy at birth, total > Years 65.96
Ranked 144th.
66.28
Ranked 142nd. About the same as India

Physicians > Per 1,000 people 0.6 per 1,000 people
Ranked 19th.
0.74 per 1,000 people
Ranked 17th. 23% more than India

Probability of reaching 65 > Male 59.9%
Ranked 92nd. 5% more than Pakistan
56.9%
Ranked 102nd.
Quality of health care system > Cost 55.92
Ranked 35th. 27% more than Pakistan
44.12
Ranked 23th.
Quality of health care system > Health care system index 64.36
Ranked 28th. 32% more than Pakistan
48.67
Ranked 20th.
Infant mortality rate > Total 47.57 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 50th.
63.26 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 25th. 33% more than India

Deaths > Percent deaths registered <25 <25
Fertility rate > Total > Births per woman 2.84 births per woman
Ranked 74th.
4.12 births per woman
Ranked 39th. 45% more than India

Infant mortality rate 57.92
Ranked 44th.
74.43
Ranked 28th. 29% more than India
HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS > Per capita 4.94 per 1,000 people
Ranked 55th. 9 times more than Pakistan
0.523 per 1,000 people
Ranked 103th.
Births and maternity > Infant mortality rate 43.8
Ranked 47th.
69.3
Ranked 14th. 58% more than India

Life expectancy > Women 68 years
Ranked 92nd. 1% more than Pakistan
67 years
Ranked 94th.
Quality of health care system > Skill and competence of medical staff 68.95
Ranked 26th. 58% more than Pakistan
43.75
Ranked 20th.
HIV AIDS > Adult prevalence rate 0.3%
Ranked 82nd. 3 times more than Pakistan
0.1%
Ranked 119th.

Quality of health care system > Short waiting times 56.38
Ranked 17th. 39% more than Pakistan
40.62
Ranked 14th.
Health services > Hospital beds > Per 1,000 people 0.9
Ranked 73th. 50% more than Pakistan
0.6
Ranked 26th.

Diseases > Overweight > Average Body Mass Index (BMI) 21.05
Ranked 158th.
21.53
Ranked 151st. 2% more than India
HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS 2.4 million
Ranked 3rd. 24 times more than Pakistan
98,000
Ranked 42nd.

Adolescent fertility rate > Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19 69.68 births
Ranked 54th. 2% more than Pakistan
68.58 births
Ranked 56th.

Probability of reaching 65 > Female 64.7%
Ranked 107th. 10% more than Pakistan
58.8%
Ranked 112th.
Quality of health care system > Modern equipment 74.1
Ranked 36th. 21% more than Pakistan
61.11
Ranked 18th.
Expenditure per capita > Current US$ 31.4$
Ranked 139th. 2 times more than Pakistan
13.6$
Ranked 169th.

Hunger and malnutrition > Undernourished population 213.8 million
Ranked 1st. 7 times more than Pakistan
31 million
Ranked 4th.

Hunger and malnutrition > Undernourished population > Percentage 17%
Ranked 42nd.
17.2%
Ranked 41st. 1% more than India

Hunger and malnutrition > Global Hunger Index 21.3
Ranked 16th. 10% more than Pakistan
19.3
Ranked 22nd.

Health expenditure per capita > Current US$ $59.10
Ranked 153th. 99% more than Pakistan
$29.70
Ranked 177th.

Births and maternity > Teenage birth rate 38.5
Ranked 28th. 2 times more than Pakistan
16.1
Ranked 67th.

Quality of health care system > Accuracy and completeness in filling out reports 68.46
Ranked 20th. 37% more than Pakistan
50
Ranked 19th.
Diseases > Incidence of tuberculosis > Per 100,000 people 176
Ranked 45th.
231
Ranked 34th. 31% more than India

Hunger and malnutrition > Undernourished population per million people 0.173 million
Ranked 42nd.
0.173 million
Ranked 41st. The same as India

Births and maternity > Crude birth rate 22.1
Ranked 13th.
30.7
Ranked 11th. 39% more than India

Births and maternity > Maternal death rate 200 per 100,000 live births
Ranked 53th.
260 per 100,000 live births
Ranked 41st. 30% more than India

Health services > Physicians > Per 1,000 people 0.58
Ranked 25th.
0.78
Ranked 37th. 34% more than India

Services, etc., value added > Current LCU per capita 43,500.73
Ranked 49th.
58,009.77
Ranked 45th. 33% more than India

Death rates > Children under 5 65.6
Ranked 47th.
87
Ranked 36th. 33% more than India

Death rates > Women 174.29
Ranked 54th. 31% more than Pakistan
133.48
Ranked 69th.

Quality of health care system > Speed in delivering examinations and reports 65.03
Ranked 20th. 15% more than Pakistan
56.58
Ranked 11th.
Death rates > Men 260.55
Ranked 52nd. 58% more than Pakistan
165.05
Ranked 95th.

HIV AIDS > Deaths 170,000
Ranked 3rd. 29 times more than Pakistan
5,800
Ranked 34th.

Quality of health care system > Friendliness and courtesy of staff 63.17
Ranked 24th. 62% more than Pakistan
38.89
Ranked 21st.
Nutrition > Depth of hunger > Kilocalories per person per day 260
Ranked 31st.
280
Ranked 26th. 8% more than India

Tobacco > Total adult smokers 16%
Ranked 98th.
22.5%
Ranked 84th. 41% more than India
Births and maternity > Number of births 27.06 million
Ranked 1st. 6 times more than Pakistan
4.43 million
Ranked 3rd.

Hunger and malnutrition > Children > Small children underweight 43.5%
Ranked 1st. 38% more than Pakistan
31.5%
Ranked 3rd.

Probability of not reaching 40 16.7%
Ranked 52nd.
20.1%
Ranked 49th. 20% more than India
Life expectancy at birth > Total > Years 63.5 years
Ranked 127th.
64.86 years
Ranked 120th. 2% more than India

HIV AIDS > Deaths > Per capita 0.3 per 1,000 people
Ranked 54th. 9 times more than Pakistan
0.033 per 1,000 people
Ranked 69th.

Reproductive health > Use of birth control > Women over 15 54
Ranked 8th. 82% more than Pakistan
29.6
Ranked 16th.

Life expectancy > Male 62.26
Ranked 131st.
66.21
Ranked 109th. 6% more than India

Nurses and midwives > Per 1,000 people 0.996
Ranked 96th. 79% more than Pakistan
0.557
Ranked 114th.

Quality of health care system > Convenient location 71.31
Ranked 31st. 21% more than Pakistan
58.82
Ranked 20th.
Access to sanitation 72%
Ranked 77th.
87%
Ranked 58th. 21% more than India
Services, etc., value added > Current LCU 53.8 trillion
Ranked 8th. 5 times more than Pakistan
10.39 trillion
Ranked 19th.

HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS per 1000 2.02
Ranked 80th. 4 times more than Pakistan
0.576
Ranked 115th.

Death rates > Infants 50.3
Ranked 47th.
70.5
Ranked 27th. 40% more than India

Life expectancy at birth > Female 67.95 years
Ranked 160th. The same as Pakistan
67.9 years
Ranked 161st.

Life expectancy > Female 65.24
Ranked 134th.
66.86
Ranked 132nd. 2% more than India

Births and maternity > Maternity leave > Weeks of leave given 52
Ranked 87th. The same as Pakistan
52
Ranked 90th.
Births and maternity > Antenatal care > Mothers getting 1+ visit during pregnancy 74.2%
Ranked 45th. 22% more than Pakistan
60.9%
Ranked 44th.

Per capita total expenditure on health in international dollars 96
Ranked 141st. 55% more than Pakistan
62
Ranked 154th.
Malnutrition > Stunted children under 5 47.9%
Ranked 3rd. 15% more than Pakistan
41.5%
Ranked 8th.

CPIA gender equality rating > 1=low to 6=high per million 0.00243
Ranked 80th.
0.014
Ranked 79th. 6 times more than India

Diseases > Measles > Children immunised against measles 74%
Ranked 162nd.
80%
Ranked 149th. 8% more than India

Life expectancy at birth > Male 65.77 years
Ranked 147th. 2% more than Pakistan
64.18 years
Ranked 154th.

Malaria cases > Per 100,000 7
Ranked 80th.
58
Ranked 62nd. 8 times more than India
Life expectancy at birth > Female > Years 64.32 years
Ranked 129th.
65.46 years
Ranked 125th. 2% more than India

Healthy life expectancy at birth > Years > Total population 53.5
Ranked 133th. About the same as Pakistan
53.3
Ranked 134th.
Life expectancy > 95 percent range (65.50-69.90) (64.80-70.90)
Diseases > Cardiovascular death rate (per 100,000 population) 382
Ranked 82nd.
409
Ranked 57th. 7% more than India
Health services > Nurses and midwives > Per 1,000 people 1.27
Ranked 28th. 3 times more than Pakistan
0.38
Ranked 34th.

Births and maternity > All births of boys 3.46 million
Ranked 1st. 73% more than Pakistan
2.01 million
Ranked 2nd.

Health spending per capita 40.29
Ranked 147th. 79% more than Pakistan
22.52
Ranked 163th.

Reproductive health > Pregnant women receiving prenatal care 75.2%
Ranked 17th. 23% more than Pakistan
60.9%
Ranked 36th.

Diseases > Overweight > Female Body Mass Index (BMI) 19.6
Ranked 171st.
21.14
Ranked 145th. 8% more than India
Hunger and malnutrition > Global Hunger Index per million people 0.0174
Ranked 49th.
0.0999
Ranked 46th. 6 times more than India

Life expectancy at birth > Male > Years 62.72 years
Ranked 121st.
64.3 years
Ranked 114th. 3% more than India

Tuberculosis cases > Per 100,000 199
Ranked 23th. 12% more than Pakistan
178
Ranked 32nd.
Deaths > Deaths from injuries (per 100,000 population) 116
Ranked 35th. 27% more than Pakistan
91
Ranked 65th.
HIV AIDS > Deaths per 1000 0.143
Ranked 55th. 4 times more than Pakistan
0.0341
Ranked 63th.

Survival rate > To age 65 > Men 58.49
Ranked 127th.
67.75
Ranked 98th. 16% more than India

Drug access 0.0
Ranked 149th.
50%
Ranked 117th.
Infant mortality > Female babies 64.2 deaths per 1000 live births
Ranked 43th.
77.5 deaths per 1000 live births
Ranked 29th. 21% more than India

Deaths > Noncommunicable disease mortality rate 713
Ranked 82nd.
717
Ranked 78th. 1% more than India
Malnutrition > Number of Undernourished > Million 217.05 million
Ranked 1st. 6 times more than Pakistan
35.2 million
Ranked 5th.
Survival rate > To age 65 > Women 67.51
Ranked 132nd.
71.14
Ranked 124th. 5% more than India

Health services > Health expenditure per capita > PPP > Constant 2005 international $ $109.23
Ranked 132nd. 72% more than Pakistan
$63.60
Ranked 154th.

Diseases > Overweight > Male Body Mass Index (BMI) 22.5
Ranked 137th. 3% more than Pakistan
21.92
Ranked 150th.
Life expectancy at birth > Years > Total population 62
Ranked 129th. The same as Pakistan
62
Ranked 130th.
Tobacco > Total adult smokers per million 0.0142%
Ranked 114th.
0.142%
Ranked 111th. 10 times more than India
Births and maternity > Number of births per thousand people 22.45
Ranked 11th.
28.06
Ranked 17th. 25% more than India

Intestinal diseases death rate 24.25%
Ranked 43th.
35.15%
Ranked 21st. 45% more than India
Teenage mother birth rate 16
Ranked 10th. 76% more than Pakistan
9.1
Ranked 9th.

Incidence of tuberculosis > Per 100,000 people 167.82 per 100,000 people
Ranked 62nd.
181.27 per 100,000 people
Ranked 53th. 8% more than India

Life expectancy > Inequality adjusted index 0.525
Ranked 129th. 8% more than Pakistan
0.487
Ranked 136th.
Health services > Community health workers > Per 1,000 people 0.05
Ranked 22nd.
0.42
Ranked 10th. 8 times more than India
Deaths > Early death rate (probability of dying beetween 15 and 60 years) > Both sexes 177
Ranked 68th.
192
Ranked 63th. 8% more than India

Dependency ratio per 100 61
Ranked 83th.
82
Ranked 41st. 34% more than India
Medical staff > Dental staff (per 10,000 people) 1 1
Smoking rate > Women 1
Ranked 120th.
3
Ranked 93th. 3 times more than India
Diseases > Tuberculosis cases 592,587
Ranked 1st. 7 times more than Pakistan
88,747
Ranked 6th.
Births and maternity > Births attended by skill personnel 52.3%
Ranked 46th. 22% more than Pakistan
43%
Ranked 14th.

Hunger and malnutrition > Children > Small children severely underweight 15.8%
Ranked 1st. 36% more than Pakistan
11.6%
Ranked 2nd.

Births and maternity > Caesarean birth rate 9%
Ranked 83th. 29% more than Pakistan
7%
Ranked 88th.

Contraception 48%
Ranked 49th. Twice as much as Pakistan
24%
Ranked 68th.
Diseases > Neonatal tetanus cases 937
Ranked 2nd. 60% more than Pakistan
586
Ranked 3rd.
Diseases > Leprosy cases 137,685
Ranked 1st. 278 times more than Pakistan
496
Ranked 25th.
Medical staff > Community health care workers (per 10,000 people) 1 4
Infant mortality rate > Female 49.14 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 41st.
59.85 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 24th. 22% more than India

Births and maternity > Antenatal care > Mothers getting 4+ visits during pregrancy 37%
Ranked 13th. 30% more than Pakistan
28.4%
Ranked 26th.

Hunger and malnutrition > Underweight boys under 5 45%
Ranked 1st. 18% more than Pakistan
38%
Ranked 2nd.

Tobacco > Male smoking rate 33.1
Ranked 71st.
35.4
Ranked 65th. 7% more than India
Diseases > HIV AIDS > Number living with HIV AIDS > Aged over 15 5600000 84000
Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > Rape or incest Legal Illegal
CPIA gender equality rating > 1=low to 6=high 3
Ranked 45th. 20% more than Pakistan
2.5
Ranked 69th.

Births and maternity > Maternity leave > Proportion of wages paid 100%
Ranked 52nd. The same as Pakistan
100%
Ranked 58th.
Diseases > Measles cases 36,900
Ranked 3rd. 13 times more than Pakistan
2,801
Ranked 11th.
Malnutrition > Number of Undernourished > Million per million 0.198 million
Ranked 16th.
0.231 million
Ranked 14th. 16% more than India
Life expectancy > Date of information 2006 est. 2006 est.
Tobacco > Female smoking rate 3.8
Ranked 91st.
6.6
Ranked 75th. 74% more than India
Reproductive health > Maternal mortality ratio > Modeled estimate > Per 100,000 live births 230
Ranked 54th.
260
Ranked 50th. 13% more than India

Healthy life expectancy at birth > Years > Females 53.6
Ranked 133th. 2% more than Pakistan
52.3
Ranked 140th.
Deaths > Early death rate (probability of dying beetween 15 and 60 years) > Males 177
Ranked 68th.
192
Ranked 63th. 8% more than India

Diseases > Tuberculosis cases per million people 511.25
Ranked 40th.
541.38
Ranked 37th. 6% more than India
Community health workers > Per 1,000 people 0.046
Ranked 2nd.
0.063
Ranked 5th. 37% more than India

Healthy life expectancy at birth > Years > Males 53.3
Ranked 127th.
54.2
Ranked 121st. 2% more than India
Reproductive health > Lifetime risk of maternal death > 1 in > Rate varies by country 140
Ranked 114th. 51% more than Pakistan
93
Ranked 122nd.
HIV AIDS > Women living with aids 15-49 0.79
Ranked 50th. 7 times more than Pakistan
0.11
Ranked 94th.
Children living with AIDS per 1000 0.155
Ranked 47th. 11 times more than Pakistan
0.0144
Ranked 71st.
Death rates > Boys aged 1 9
Ranked 20th.
14
Ranked 8th. 56% more than India

Births and maternity > Future births per million people 21.32
Ranked 84th.
26.58
Ranked 58th. 25% more than India

Disease prevention > Tuberculosis case detection rate > All forms 67.2%
Ranked 118th. 12% more than Pakistan
60%
Ranked 131st.

Total fertility rate 3
Ranked 76th.
5
Ranked 32nd. 67% more than India
Births and maternity > Maternity leave > Provider Employer Employer
Infant mortality > Male babies 60.9 deaths per 1000 live births
Ranked 59th.
73.4 deaths per 1000 live births
Ranked 44th. 21% more than India

Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > To preserve mental health Legal Legal
Medicine availability 20.5%
Ranked 3rd. 6 times more than Pakistan
3.3%
Ranked 15th.
Life expectancy at birth > Years > Females 63
Ranked 133th. 2% more than Pakistan
62
Ranked 136th.
Children living with AIDS 170,000
Ranked 6th. 77 times more than Pakistan
2,200
Ranked 45th.
Deaths > Early death rate (probability of dying beetween 15 and 60 years) > Females 177
Ranked 68th.
192
Ranked 63th. 8% more than India

Respiratory disease child death rate 83.54 (est) 69.75 (est)
Diseases > HIV AIDS > Number living with HIV AIDS > Women > Aged above 14 1600000 14000
Diseases > Pertussis cases 70,729
Ranked 1st. 265 times more than Pakistan
267
Ranked 37th.
Diseases > Leprosy cases per million people 118.79
Ranked 7th. 39 times more than Pakistan
3.03
Ranked 63th.
Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > Economic or social reasons Legal Illegal
Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > On request Illegal Illegal
Diseases > Neonatal tetanus cases per million people 0.808
Ranked 37th.
3.57
Ranked 11th. 4 times more than India
Diseases > Total tetanus cases 7,005
Ranked 1st. 9 times more than Pakistan
743
Ranked 9th.
Probability of dying before 5 > Females 99 per 1,000 people
Ranked 43th.
132 per 1,000 people
Ranked 33th. 33% more than India
Per capita government expenditure on health in international dollars 20
Ranked 160th.
21
Ranked 157th. 5% more than India
Nutrition > Vitamin A supplementation coverage rate 6-59 months 25
Ranked 55th.
100
Ranked 2nd. 4 times more than India
Spending > Private 4.2%
Ranked 11th. 35% more than Pakistan
3.1%
Ranked 35th.
Expenditure > Public > % of GDP 0.87%
Ranked 178th. 2 times more than Pakistan
0.43%
Ranked 184th.

Births attended by skilled health staff > % of total 42.5%
Ranked 62nd. 37% more than Pakistan
31%
Ranked 15th.

Unmet need for contraception > % of married women ages 15-49 15.8%
Ranked 7th.
31.8%
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than India
Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access 33%
Ranked 145th.
59%
Ranked 102nd. 79% more than India

Tuberculosis treatment success rate > % of registered cases 86.14%
Ranked 47th. 5% more than Pakistan
81.92%
Ranked 74th.

Pregnant women receiving prenatal care 59.5%
Ranked 15th. 65% more than Pakistan
36%
Ranked 11th.

External resources for health > % of total expenditure on health 0.5%
Ranked 115th.
2.5%
Ranked 84th. 5 times more than India

Disease prevention > Tuberculosis treatment success rate > % of registered cases 86.51%
Ranked 34th.
90.88%
Ranked 18th. 5% more than India

Disease prevention > Improved sanitation facilities > % of population with access 31%
Ranked 139th.
45%
Ranked 128th. 45% more than India

Health services > External resources for health > % of total expenditure on health 1.37%
Ranked 91st.
3.32%
Ranked 73th. 2 times more than India

Cause of death, by communicable diseases and maternal, prenatal and nutrition conditions > % of total 37.12%
Ranked 57th.
45.62%
Ranked 49th. 23% more than India
Cause of death, by injury > % of total 9.91%
Ranked 47th. 20% more than Pakistan
8.28%
Ranked 72nd.
Diseases > Prevalence of HIV, female > % ages 15-24 0.1%
Ranked 86th. The same as Pakistan
0.1%
Ranked 88th.
Diseases > Prevalence of HIV, male > % ages 15-24 0.1%
Ranked 84th. The same as Pakistan
0.1%
Ranked 86th.
Diseases > Prevalence of anemia among pregnant women > % 49.7%
Ranked 23th. 27% more than Pakistan
39.1%
Ranked 5th.
Private health spending > % of GDP 3.03%
Ranked 53th. 59% more than Pakistan
1.9%
Ranked 114th.

Nutrition > Consumption of iodized salt > % of households 51.1%
Ranked 19th. 3 times more than Pakistan
17%
Ranked 12th.
Disease prevention > Children with fever receiving antimalarial drugs > % of children under age 5 with fever 8.2%
Ranked 20th. 2 times more than Pakistan
3.3%
Ranked 9th.
Nutrition > Vitamin A supplementation coverage rate > % of children ages 6-59 months 66%
Ranked 41st.
91%
Ranked 20th. 38% more than India

Nutrition > Prevalence of overweight > % of children under 5 1.9%
Ranked 30th.
4.8%
Ranked 9th. 3 times more than India

Public health spending > % of government spending 3.75%
Ranked 176th. 8% more than Pakistan
3.48%
Ranked 179th.

Infant mortality rate > Male 46.18 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 56th.
66.52 deaths/1,000 live births
Ranked 27th. 44% more than India

Disease prevention > Diarrhea treatment > % of children under 5 receiving oral rehydration and continued feedin 32.7%
Ranked 25th.
36.6%
Ranked 11th. 12% more than India

% immunized 1-year-old children > DPT3 70
Ranked 151st. 11% more than Pakistan
63
Ranked 156th.
Diseases > Total tetanus cases per million people 6.04
Ranked 18th. 33% more than Pakistan
4.53
Ranked 24th.
Nutrition > Low-birthweight babies > % of births 27.6%
Ranked 1st.
31.6%
Ranked 2nd. 14% more than India

Public health spending > % of total health spending 26.18%
Ranked 169th.
29.98%
Ranked 163th. 15% more than India

% immunized 1-year-old children > TB 81
Ranked 115th. 21% more than Pakistan
67
Ranked 140th.
% of routine EPI vaccines financed by government > Total 98
Ranked 84th.
100
Ranked 40th. 2% more than India
Population suffering from undernourishment in 1990-1992 25%
Ranked 43th. 4% more than Pakistan
24%
Ranked 46th.
Population suffering from undernourishment in 2001-2003 20%
Ranked 47th.
23%
Ranked 39th. 15% more than India
% of population using adequate sanitation facilities > Urban 61
Ranked 126th.
95
Ranked 69th. 56% more than India
Nutrition > % of households consuming iodized salt 50
Ranked 67th. 3 times more than Pakistan
17
Ranked 98th.
Nutrition > % of under-fives suffering from stunting moderate & severe 46
Ranked 10th. 24% more than Pakistan
37
Ranked 30th.
Nutrition > % of under-fives suffering from wasting moderate & severe 16
Ranked 4th. 23% more than Pakistan
13
Ranked 16th.
Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > Foetal impairment Legal Illegal
Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > To preserve physical health Legal Legal
Hunger and malnutrition > Underweight girls under 5 49%
Ranked 1st. 36% more than Pakistan
36%
Ranked 2nd.

Diseases > HIV AIDS > Percent of 15-24 year olds with comprehensive correct knowledge of AIDS > Women 19.9%
Ranked 23th. 6 times more than Pakistan
3.4%
Ranked 18th.
Life expectancy at birth > Years > Males 60
Ranked 130th.
62
Ranked 125th. 3% more than India
Births and maternity > All births of girls 3.19 million
Ranked 1st. 75% more than Pakistan
1.83 million
Ranked 2nd.

Diseases > Pertussis cases per million people 61.02
Ranked 20th. 37 times more than Pakistan
1.63
Ranked 84th.
ARI treatment > % of children under 5 taken to a health provider 67%
Ranked 2nd. 26% more than Pakistan
53%
Ranked 7th.

Births and maternity > All births of girls per thousand people 6.54
Ranked 75th.
11.13
Ranked 7th. 70% more than India

Nutrition > % of children who are   exclusively breastfed 6 months 37
Ranked 44th. 2 times more than Pakistan
16
Ranked 87th.
Diseases > Diabetes > Prevalence > % of population ages 20 to 79 9.01%
Ranked 69th. 14% more than Pakistan
7.89%
Ranked 80th.
Births and maternity > Abortion > When abortion is legal > To save the woman's life Legal Legal
Births and maternity > All births of boys per thousand people 7.1
Ranked 75th.
12.24
Ranked 6th. 72% more than India

Life expectancy > 95% range (65.50-69.90) (64.80-70.90)
Nutrition > Prevalence of undernourishment > % of population 21%
Ranked 37th.
26%
Ranked 26th. 24% more than India

Disease prevention > Improved sanitation facilities > Urban > % of urban population with access 54%
Ranked 138th.
72%
Ranked 119th. 33% more than India

Disease prevention > Improved water source > % of population with access 88%
Ranked 103th.
90%
Ranked 98th. 2% more than India

Disease prevention > Improved water source > Urban > % of urban population with access 96%
Ranked 107th. 1% more than Pakistan
95%
Ranked 118th.

Diseases > Prevalence of anemia among children > % of children under 5 74.3%
Ranked 7th. 46% more than Pakistan
50.9%
Ranked 4th.

Diseases > Cause of death, by non-communicable diseases > % of total 52.97%
Ranked 132nd. 15% more than Pakistan
46.09%
Ranked 140th.
Diseases > Female adults with HIV > % of population ages 15+ with HIV 38.6%
Ranked 67th. 39% more than Pakistan
27.8%
Ranked 116th.

Diseases > Antiretroviral therapy coverage > % of people with advanced HIV infection 50%
Ranked 52nd. 4 times more than Pakistan
14%
Ranked 93th.

Immunisation > Immunization, DPT > % of children ages 12-23 months 72%
Ranked 175th.
81%
Ranked 159th. 13% more than India

Immunisation > Immunization, measles > % of children ages 12-23 months 74%
Ranked 165th.
83%
Ranked 149th. 12% more than India

Children with fever receiving antimalarial drugs > % of children under age 5 with fever 8.2%
Ranked 20th. 2 times more than Pakistan
3.3%
Ranked 10th.
Pregnant women receiving prenatal care > % 75.2%
Ranked 29th. 23% more than Pakistan
60.9%
Ranked 46th.

Prevalence of HIV > Total > % of population ages 15-49 0.92%
Ranked 57th. 9 times more than Pakistan
0.1%
Ranked 132nd.

Contraceptive prevalence > % of women ages 15-49 47%
Ranked 19th. 68% more than Pakistan
28%
Ranked 7th.

Maternity > Exclusive breastfeeding > % of children under 6 months 46.4%
Ranked 10th. 25% more than Pakistan
37.1%
Ranked 9th.

Expenditure > Private > % of GDP 4.14%
Ranked 19th. 2 times more than Pakistan
1.77%
Ranked 122nd.

HIVAIDS > Adult prevalence rate 15-49 years, 0.8
Ranked 51st. 8 times more than Pakistan
0.1
Ranked 118th.
Immunization > Measles > % of children ages 12-23 months 58%
Ranked 174th.
78%
Ranked 143th. 34% more than India

Tuberculosis case detection rate > %, all forms 59%
Ranked 161st.
65%
Ranked 143th. 10% more than India

Out-of-pocket health expenditure > % of total expenditure on health 59.36%
Ranked 17th.
63.01%
Ranked 12th. 6% more than India

Female adults with HIV > % of population ages 15+ with HIV 28.57%
Ranked 70th. 71% more than Pakistan
16.67%
Ranked 108th.

Health expenditure, private > % of GDP 2.67%
Ranked 84th. 46% more than Pakistan
1.83%
Ranked 131st.

Health expenditure, public > % of government expenditure 8.05%
Ranked 139th. 2 times more than Pakistan
3.58%
Ranked 183th.

Health expenditure, public > % of GDP 1.2%
Ranked 182nd. 77% more than Pakistan
0.678%
Ranked 188th.

Improved water source > Urban > % of urban population with access 95%
Ranked 108th.
96%
Ranked 100th. 1% more than India

Diarrhea treatment > % of children under 5 receiving oral rehydration and continued feeding 22.2%
Ranked 3rd.
33.3%
Ranked 1st. 50% more than India
Improved water source > Rural > % of rural population with access 83%
Ranked 78th.
89%
Ranked 64th. 7% more than India

Immunization > DPT > % of children ages 12-23 months 59%
Ranked 176th.
72%
Ranked 162nd. 22% more than India

Female headed households > % of households with a female head 14.4%
Ranked 19th. 38% more than Pakistan
10.4%
Ranked 15th.

Teenage mothers > % of women ages 15-19 who have had children or are currently pregnant 16%
Ranked 9th. 76% more than Pakistan
9.1%
Ranked 10th.

Disease prevention > Immunisation against tetanus > % of children ages 12-23 months 66%
Ranked 167th.
85%
Ranked 126th. 29% more than India

Disease prevention > Immunisation > Measles > % of children ages 12-23 months 71%
Ranked 157th.
80%
Ranked 136th. 13% more than India

Nutrition > Malnutrition prevalence > Height for age > % of children under 5 47.9%
Ranked 4th. 15% more than Pakistan
41.5%
Ranked 7th.

Nutrition > Exclusive breastfeeding > % of children under 6 months 46.4%
Ranked 10th. 25% more than Pakistan
37.1%
Ranked 8th.

Risk factors > Prevalence of HIV > Male > % ages 15-24 0.3%
Ranked 79th. 3 times more than Pakistan
0.1%
Ranked 120th.
Health services > Out-of-pocket health expenditure > % of private expenditure on health 89.93%
Ranked 66th. 10% more than Pakistan
82.11%
Ranked 97th.

Health spending > % of GDP 4.11%
Ranked 145th. 51% more than Pakistan
2.72%
Ranked 169th.

Disease prevention > Improved sanitation facilities > Rural > % of rural population with access 21%
Ranked 138th.
29%
Ranked 131st. 38% more than India

Risk factors > Female adults with HIV > % of population ages 15+ with HIV 38.26%
Ranked 57th. 33% more than Pakistan
28.72%
Ranked 83th.

Risk factors > Prevalence of HIV > Female > % ages 15-24 0.3%
Ranked 68th. 3 times more than Pakistan
0.1%
Ranked 107th.
Risk factors > Incidence of tuberculosis > Per 100,000 people 170
Ranked 55th.
230
Ranked 41st. 35% more than India

Risk factors > Prevalence of HIV > Total > % of population ages 15-49 0.3%
Ranked 83th. 3 times more than Pakistan
0.1%
Ranked 122nd.

Public health spending > % of GDP 1.08%
Ranked 174th. 33% more than Pakistan
0.81%
Ranked 178th.

Drinking water availability % 84%
Ranked 76th.
90%
Ranked 60th. 7% more than India
Private expenditure on health as % of total expenditure on health 78.7%
Ranked 7th. 21% more than Pakistan
65.1%
Ranked 27th.
% of population using adequate sanitation facilities > Total 28
Ranked 134th.
62
Ranked 101st. 2 times more than India
Out-of-pocket expenditure as % of private health expenditure 98.5%
Ranked 61st. About the same as Pakistan
98.3%
Ranked 63th.
Malnutrition prevalence > Weight for age > % of children under 5 46.7%
Ranked 2nd. 24% more than Pakistan
37.8%
Ranked 3rd.

% of population using improved drinking water sources > Rural 79
Ranked 64th.
87
Ranked 51st. 10% more than India
% of population using adequate sanitation facilities > Rural 15
Ranked 127th.
43
Ranked 99th. 3 times more than India
% of population using improved drinking water sources > Urban 95
Ranked 73th. The same as Pakistan
95
Ranked 76th.
Births with health staff 42%
Ranked 93th. 2 times more than Pakistan
20%
Ranked 111th.
Nutrition > % of children who are still breastfeeding 20-23 months 66
Ranked 12th. 18% more than Pakistan
56
Ranked 28th.
Health expenditure, total > % of GDP 3.87%
Ranked 165th. 54% more than Pakistan
2.51%
Ranked 183th.

Smoking prevalence > Females > % of adults 16.8%
Ranked 17th. 87% more than Pakistan
9%
Ranked 3rd.

Expenditure > Total > % of GDP 5%
Ranked 126th. 2 times more than Pakistan
2.2%
Ranked 183th.

Prevalence of undernourishment > % of population 20%
Ranked 51st.
24%
Ranked 41st. 20% more than India

Improved water source > % of population with access 86%
Ranked 96th.
91%
Ranked 81st. 6% more than India

Out-of-pocket health expenditure > % of private expenditure on health 93.8%
Ranked 69th.
98%
Ranked 45th. 4% more than India

Nutrition > % of under-fives suffering from underweight moderate & severe 47
Ranked 4th. 24% more than Pakistan
38
Ranked 12th.

SOURCES: World Development Indicators database; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; World Health Organization. Source tables; British Broadcasting Corporation 2014; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Derived from male and female life expectancy at birth from sources such as: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UN (United Nations). 2001. World Population Prospects 1950-2050: The 2000 Revision. Database. Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. New York; health care; World Health Organization. Source tables; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; World Health Organisation, OECD, supplemented by country data.; "Where are you on the global fat scale?". BBC. July 12, 2012. Retrieved 2013-12-16. http://www.biomedcentral.com/content/pdf/1471-2458-12-439.pdf. Walpole et al., BMC Public Health 2012, 12:4; UN (United Nations). 2001. World Population Prospects 1950-2050: The 2000 Revision. Database. Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. New York.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division; Welthungerhilfe, IFPRI, and Concern Worldwide. 2013. 2013 Global Hunger Index . Issue Brief No. 79. Washington, DC. p. 1.; World Health Organization National Health Account database (see http://apps.who.int/nha/database/DataExplorerRegime.aspx for the most recent updates).; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; World Health Organization, Global Tuberculosis Report.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; World Bank national accounts data. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Level & Trends in Child Mortality. Report 2010. Estimates Developed by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UNICEF, WHO, World Bank, UN DESA, UNPD).; (1) United Nations Population Division. 2009. World Population Prospects: The 2008 Revision. New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (advanced Excel tables). Available at http://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp2008/index.htm, (2) University of California, Berkeley, and Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research. Human Mortality Database. [ www.mortality.org or www.humanmortality.de] downloaded on Dec. 10, 2009.; Food and Agriculture Organisation, Food Security Statistics (http://www.fao.org/economic/ess/food-security-statistics/en/).; World Health Organization2005; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; UN 2001 via backone.pdf; Household surveys, including Demographic and Health Surveys by Macro International and Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys by UNICEF.; (1) United Nations Population Division. 2009. World Population Prospects: The 2008 Revision. New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (advanced Excel tables), (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (5) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Health Organization, Global Atlas of the Health Workforce. For latest updates and metadata, see http://apps.who.int/globalatlas/.; CIA World Factbook, December 2003; World Bank national accounts data; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; World Health Organization; World Health Organization. Source tables; World Bank Group, CPIA database (http://www.worldbank.org/ida). Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; UNHDR; Wikipedia: List of countries by life expectancy (Life expectancy at birth (years), Global Burden of Disease) (Das, Pamela; Samarasekera, Udani (2012). "The story of GBD 2010: a "super-human" effort" . The Lancet 380 (9859): 2067–2070. doi : 10.1016/S0140-6736(12)62174-6 . Wang, Haidong; Dwyer-Lindgren, Laura; Lofgren, Katherine T; Rajaratnam, Julie Knoll; Marcus, Jacob R; Levin-Rector, Alison; Levitz, Carly E; Lopez, Alan D; Murray, Christopher JL (2012). "Age-specific and sex-specific mortality in 187 countries, 1970–2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010". The Lancet 380 (9859): 2071–2094. doi : 10.1016/S0140-6736(12)61719-X ., ); World Health Organization. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; World Health Organisation National Health Account database (www.who.int/nha/en) supplemented by country data.; UNICEF, State of the World's Children, Childinfo, and Demographic and Health Surveys by Macro International.; Welthungerhilfe, IFPRI, and Concern Worldwide. 2013. 2013 Global Hunger Index . Issue Brief No. 79. Washington, DC. p. 1. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Health Organization. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. 2009. World Population Prospects: The 2008 Revision. New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (advanced Excel tables). Available at http://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp2008/index.htm.; WHO (World Health Organization). 2001. Correspondence on access to essential drugs. Department of Essential Drugs and Medecines Policy. February. Geneva; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; World Health Organization. Source tables; Various sources compiled into Wikipedia's Malnutrition; "Where are you on the global fat scale?". BBC. July 12, 2012. Retrieved 2013-12-16.
http://www.biomedcentral.com/content/pdf/1471-2458-12-439.pdf. Walpole et al., BMC Public Health 2012, 12:4; World Health Organization2005. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Health Organisation. 1997-1999 World Health Statistics Annual. Geneva: WHO, 2000; Demographic and Health Surveys by Macro International.; United Nations Development Programme. Source tables; World Health Organization. Source tables; World Health Organization. Source tables; WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic.; World Health Organization. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Children's Fund. Source tables; UN (United Nations). 2002. United Nations Population Division Database on Contraceptive Use. Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. January. New York; World Health Organization. Source tables; World Health Organization. Source tables; World Health Organization. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Wikipedia: Prevalence of tobacco consumption (Rates) (WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2008, pp.278–287. WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2008, p.67. WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2008, p.287. WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2008, p.68. WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2008, p.268–287.); United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; World Bank Group, CPIA database (http://www.worldbank.org/ida).; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; World Health Organization. Source tables; Various sources compiled into Wikipedia's Malnutrition. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: List of countries by life expectancy; Trends in Maternal Mortality: 1990-2008. Estimates Developed by WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA and the World Bank.; World Health Organization. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Health Organization, OECD, supplemented by country data.; Maternal Mortality: Estimates Developed by WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA and the World Bank; United Nations, Demographic Yearbook, 1997; UNHDR. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Demographic and Health Surveys by Macro International, Multiple Indicators Cluster Surveys by UNICEF, Reproductive Health Surveys by U.S. Center for Disease Control, and Family Health Surveys by Pan Arab Project for Family Health. See footnotes for a source.; United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Health Organisation, Global Tuberculosis Control Report.; World Health Organization. Source tables; UNHDR; World Health Organization. Source tables; World Health Organization. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Health Organization. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Health Organization. Source tables; The World Health Report 2001; UNICEF; World Bank. 2002. World Development Indicators 2002. CD-ROM. Washington, DC; World Health Organisation and United Nations Children's Fund, Joint Measurement Programme (JMP) (http://www.wssinfo.org/).; Derived based on the data from WHO's World Health Statistics.; UNAIDS estimates.; World Health Organization, Worldwide Prevalence of Anemia.; United Nations Children's Fund, State of the World's Children.; World Health Organisation, Global Database on Child Growth and Malnutrition.; World Health Organization. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: List of countries by percentage of population suffering from undernourishment; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; World Health Organization. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Diabetes Federation, Diabetes Atlas.; Food and Agriculture Organisation (http://www.fao.org/faostat/foodsecurity/index_en.htm).; WHO and UNICEF (http://www.who.int/immunization_monitoring/routine/en/).; UNICEF, State of the World's Children, Childinfo, and Demographic and Health Surveys by ICF International.; World Health Organization, Global Tuberculosis Control Report.; Demographic and Health Surveys by ICF International.; WHO and UNICEF (http://www.who.int/immunisation_monitoring/routine/en/).; UNAIDS and the WHO's Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic.; World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), Global Water Supply and Sanitation Assessment 2000 Report and updates provided by UNICEF to the United Nations Millennium Indicator Database; WHO 2002a