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Transport > Maritime Stats: compare key data on Italy & United Kingdom

Definitions

  • Air transport, passengers carried: Air transport, passengers carried. Air passengers carried include both domestic and international aircraft passengers of air carriers registered in the country.
  • Air transport, passengers carried per 1000: Air transport, passengers carried. Air passengers carried include both domestic and international aircraft passengers of air carriers registered in the country. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Arms exports > Constant 1990 US$: Arms exports (constant 1990 US$). Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services.
  • Container port traffic > TEU: 20 foot equivalent units: Container port traffic (TEU: 20 foot equivalent units). Port container traffic measures the flow of containers from land to sea transport modes., and vice versa, in twenty-foot equivalent units (TEUs), a standard-size container. Data refer to coastal shipping as well as international journeys. Transshipment traffic is counted as two lifts at the intermediate port (once to off-load and again as an outbound lift) and includes empty units.
  • Container port traffic > TEU: 20 foot equivalent units per 1000: Container port traffic (TEU: 20 foot equivalent units). Port container traffic measures the flow of containers from land to sea transport modes., and vice versa, in twenty-foot equivalent units (TEUs), a standard-size container. Data refer to coastal shipping as well as international journeys. Transshipment traffic is counted as two lifts at the intermediate port (once to off-load and again as an outbound lift) and includes empty units. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Cost to export > US$ per container: Cost to export (US$ per container). Cost measures the fees levied on a 20-foot container in U.S. dollars. All the fees associated with completing the procedures to export or import the goods are included. These include costs for documents, administrative fees for customs clearance and technical control, customs broker fees, terminal handling charges and inland transport. The cost measure does not include tariffs or trade taxes. Only official costs are recorded. Several assumptions are made for the business surveyed: Has 60 or more employees; Is located in the country's most populous city; Is a private, limited liability company. It does not operate within an export processing zone or an industrial estate with special export or import privileges; Is domestically owned with no foreign ownership; Exports more than 10% of its sales. Assumptions about the traded goods: The traded product travels in a dry-cargo, 20-foot, full container load. The product: Is not hazardous nor does it include military items; Does not require refrigeration or any other special environment; Does not require any special phytosanitary or environmental safety standards other than accepted international standards.
  • Export value index > 2000 = 100 per million: Export value index (2000 = 100). Export values are the current value of exports (f.o.b.) converted to U.S. dollars and expressed as a percentage of the average for the base period (2000). UNCTAD's export value indexes are reported for most economies. For selected economies for which UNCTAD does not publish data, the export value indexes are derived from export volume indexes (line 72) and corresponding unit value indexes of exports (line 74) in the IMF's International Financial Statistics. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Exports of goods and services > BoP, current US$: Exports of goods and services (BoP, current US$). Exports of goods and services comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from residents to nonresidents of general merchandise, net exports of goods under merchanting, nonmonetary gold, and services. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Import value index > 2000 = 100: Import value index (2000 = 100). Import value indexes are the current value of imports (c.i.f.) converted to U.S. dollars and expressed as a percentage of the average for the base period (2000). UNCTAD's import value indexes are reported for most economies. For selected economies for which UNCTAD does not publish data, the import value indexes are derived from import volume indexes (line 73) and corresponding unit value indexes of imports (line 75) in the IMF's International Financial Statistics.
  • Import value index > 2000 = 100 per million: Import value index (2000 = 100). Import value indexes are the current value of imports (c.i.f.) converted to U.S. dollars and expressed as a percentage of the average for the base period (2000). UNCTAD's import value indexes are reported for most economies. For selected economies for which UNCTAD does not publish data, the import value indexes are derived from import volume indexes (line 73) and corresponding unit value indexes of imports (line 75) in the IMF's International Financial Statistics. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Imports of goods and services > Constant 2000 US$, % of GDP: Imports of goods and services (constant 2000 US$). Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Imports of goods and services > Current US$, % of GDP: Imports of goods and services (current US$). Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Lead time to import, median case > Days per million: Lead time to import, median case (days). Lead time to import is the median time (the value for 50 percent of shipments) from port of discharge to arrival at the consignee. Data are from the Logistics Performance Index survey. Respondents provided separate values for the best case (10 percent of shipments) and the median case (50 percent of shipments). The data are exponentiated averages of the logarithm of single value responses and of midpoint values of range responses for the median case. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Liner shipping connectivity index > Maximum value in 2004 = 100 per million: Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum value in 2004 = 100). The Liner Shipping Connectivity Index captures how well countries are connected to global shipping networks. It is computed by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) based on five components of the maritime transport sector: number of ships, their container-carrying capacity, maximum vessel size, number of services, and number of companies that deploy container ships in a country's ports. For each component a country's value is divided by the maximum value of each component in 2004, the five components are averaged for each country, and the average is divided by the maximum average for 2004 and multiplied by 100. The index generates a value of 100 for the country with the highest average index in 2004. . The underlying data come from Containerisation International Online. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Service exports > BoP, current US$: Service exports (BoP, current US$). Services refer to economic output of intangible commodities that may be produced, transferred, and consumed at the same time. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • External balance on goods and services > Current LCU per million: External balance on goods and services (current LCU). External balance on goods and services (formerly resource balance) equals exports of goods and services minus imports of goods and services (previously nonfactor services). Data are in current local currency. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Terms of trade adjustment > Constant LCU: Terms of trade adjustment (constant LCU). The terms of trade effect equals capacity to import less exports of goods and services in constant prices. Data are in constant local currency.
  • Imports of goods and services > BoP, current US$, % of GDP: Imports of goods and services (BoP, current US$). Imports of goods and services comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from nonresidents to residents of general merchandise, nonmonetary gold, and services. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Exports of goods and services > BoP, current US$, % of GDP: Exports of goods and services (BoP, current US$). Exports of goods and services comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from residents to nonresidents of general merchandise, net exports of goods under merchanting, nonmonetary gold, and services. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Service exports > BoP, current US$, % of GDP: Service exports (BoP, current US$). Services refer to economic output of intangible commodities that may be produced, transferred, and consumed at the same time. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Current account balance > % of GDP: Current account balance (% of GDP). Current account balance is the sum of net exports of goods and services, net primary income, and net secondary income.
  • Air transport, freight > Million ton-km per million: Air transport, freight (million ton-km). Air freight is the volume of freight, express, and diplomatic bags carried on each flight stage (operation of an aircraft from takeoff to its next landing), measured in metric tons times kilometers traveled. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Smoking prevalence, females > % of adults: Smoking prevalence, females (% of adults). Prevalence of smoking, female is the percentage of women ages 15 and over who smoke any form of tobacco, including cigarettes, cigars, and pipes, and excluding smokeless tobacco. Data include daily and non-daily smoking.
  • Lead time to import, median case > Days: Lead time to import, median case (days). Lead time to import is the median time (the value for 50 percent of shipments) from port of discharge to arrival at the consignee. Data are from the Logistics Performance Index survey. Respondents provided separate values for the best case (10 percent of shipments) and the median case (50 percent of shipments). The data are exponentiated averages of the logarithm of single value responses and of midpoint values of range responses for the median case.
  • Merchandise exports to economies in the Arab World > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports to economies in the Arab World (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports to economies in the Arab World are the sum of merchandise exports by the reporting economy to economies in the Arab World. Data are expressed as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy. Data are computed only if at least half of the economies in the partner country group had non-missing data.
  • Merchandise exports to developing economies in Europe & Central Asia > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports to developing economies in Europe & Central Asia (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports to developing economies in Europe and Central Asia are the sum of merchandise exports from the reporting economy to developing economies in the Europe and Central Asia region according to World Bank classification of economies. Data are as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy. Data are computed only if at least half of the economies in the partner country group had non-missing data.
  • Merchandise exports to developing economies in Latin America & the Caribbean > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports to developing economies in Latin America & the Caribbean (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports to developing economies in Latin America and the Caribbean are the sum of merchandise exports from the reporting economy to developing economies in the Latin America and the Caribbean region according to World Bank classification of economies. Data are as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy. Data are computed only if at least half of the economies in the partner country group had non-missing data.
  • Export value index > 2000 = 100: Export value index (2000 = 100). Export values are the current value of exports (f.o.b.) converted to U.S. dollars and expressed as a percentage of the average for the base period (2000). UNCTAD's export value indexes are reported for most economies. For selected economies for which UNCTAD does not publish data, the export value indexes are derived from export volume indexes (line 72) and corresponding unit value indexes of exports (line 74) in the IMF's International Financial Statistics.
  • Travel services > % of commercial service exports: Travel services (% of commercial service exports). Travel services (% of commercial service exports) covers goods and services acquired from an economy by travelers in that economy for their own use during visits of less than one year for business or personal purposes. Travel services include the goods and services consumed by travelers, such as lodging and meals and transport (within the economy visited).
  • Exports of goods and services > Current LCU per capita: Exports of goods and services (current LCU). Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in current local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Exports of goods and services > Current LCU: Exports of goods and services (current LCU). Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in current local currency.
  • Exports of goods and services > % of GDP: Exports of goods and services (% of GDP). Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments.
  • Terms of trade adjustment > Constant LCU per capita: Terms of trade adjustment (constant LCU). The terms of trade effect equals capacity to import less exports of goods and services in constant prices. Data are in constant local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Total reserves in months of imports: Total reserves in months of imports. Total reserves comprise holdings of monetary gold, special drawing rights, reserves of IMF members held by the IMF, and holdings of foreign exchange under the control of monetary authorities. The gold component of these reserves is valued at year-end (December 31) London prices. This item shows reserves expressed in terms of the number of months of imports of goods and services they could pay for [Reserves/(Imports/12)].
  • Food exports > % of merchandise exports: Food exports (% of merchandise exports). Food comprises the commodities in SITC sections 0 (food and live animals), 1 (beverages and tobacco), and 4 (animal and vegetable oils and fats) and SITC division 22 (oil seeds, oil nuts, and oil kernels).
  • ICT goods imports > % total goods imports: ICT goods imports (% total goods imports). Information and communication technology goods imports include telecommunications, audio and video, computer and related equipment; electronic components; and other information and communication technology goods. Software is excluded.
  • Ores and metals imports > % of merchandise imports: Ores and metals imports (% of merchandise imports). Ores and metals comprise commodities in SITC sections 27 (crude fertilizer, minerals nes); 28 (metalliferous ores, scrap); and 68 (non-ferrous metals).
  • Computer, communications and other services > % of commercial service imports: Computer, communications and other services (% of commercial service imports). Computer, communications and other services (% of commercial service imports) include such activities as international telecommunications, and postal and courier services; computer data; news-related service transactions between residents and nonresidents; construction services; royalties and license fees; miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services; and personal, cultural, and recreational services.
  • Exports of goods and services > BoP, current US$ per capita: Exports of goods and services (BoP, current US$). Exports of goods and services comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from residents to nonresidents of general merchandise, net exports of goods under merchanting, nonmonetary gold, and services. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Goods exports > BoP, current US$, % of GDP: Goods exports (BoP, current US$). Goods exports refer to all movable goods (including nonmonetary gold and net exports of goods under merchanting) involved in a change of ownership from residents to nonresidents. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Imports of goods and services > BoP, current US$ per capita: Imports of goods and services (BoP, current US$). Imports of goods and services comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from nonresidents to residents of general merchandise, nonmonetary gold, and services. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Goods imports > BoP, current US$, % of GDP: Goods imports (BoP, current US$). Goods imports refer to all movable goods (including nonmonetary gold) involved in a change of ownership from nonresidents to residents. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Goods exports > BoP, current US$ per capita: Goods exports (BoP, current US$). Goods exports refer to all movable goods (including nonmonetary gold and net exports of goods under merchanting) involved in a change of ownership from residents to nonresidents. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Service exports > BoP, current US$ per capita: Service exports (BoP, current US$). Services refer to economic output of intangible commodities that may be produced, transferred, and consumed at the same time. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • CO2 emissions from transport > Million metric tons per million: CO2 emissions from transport (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from transport contains emissions from the combustion of fuel for all transport activity, regardless of the sector, except for international marine bunkers and international aviation. This includes domestic aviation, domestic navigation, road, rail and pipeline transport, and corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 3. In addition, the IEA data are not collected in a way that allows the autoproducer consumption to be split by specific end-use and therefore, autoproducers are shown as a separate item (Unallocated Autoproducers). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Imports of goods and services > BoP, current US$: Imports of goods and services (BoP, current US$). Imports of goods and services comprise all transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world involving a change of ownership from nonresidents to residents of general merchandise, nonmonetary gold, and services. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Time to import > Days: Time to import (days). Time is recorded in calendar days. The time calculation for a procedure starts from the moment it is initiated and runs until it is completed. If a procedure can be accelerated for an additional cost, the fastest legal procedure is chosen. It is assumed that neither the exporter nor the importer wastes time and that each commits to completing each remaining procedure without delay. Procedures that can be completed in parallel are measured as simultaneous. The waiting time between procedures--for example, during unloading of the cargo--is included in the measure.
  • Liner shipping connectivity index > Maximum value in 2004 = 100: Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum value in 2004 = 100). The Liner Shipping Connectivity Index captures how well countries are connected to global shipping networks. It is computed by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) based on five components of the maritime transport sector: number of ships, their container-carrying capacity, maximum vessel size, number of services, and number of companies that deploy container ships in a country's ports. For each component a country's value is divided by the maximum value of each component in 2004, the five components are averaged for each country, and the average is divided by the maximum average for 2004 and multiplied by 100. The index generates a value of 100 for the country with the highest average index in 2004. . The underlying data come from Containerisation International Online.
  • Logistics performance index: Efficiency of customs clearance process > 1=low to 5=high: Logistics performance index: Efficiency of customs clearance process (1=low to 5=high). Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Details of the survey methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Respondents evaluated efficiency of customs clearance processes (i.e. speed, simplicity and predictability of formalities), on a rating ranging from 1 (very low) to 5 (very high). Scores are averaged across all respondents.
  • Logistics performance index: Ability to track and trace consignments > 1=low to 5=high: Logistics performance index: Ability to track and trace consignments (1=low to 5=high). Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Details of the survey methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Respondents evaluated the ability to track and trace consignments when shipping to the market, on a rating ranging from 1 (very low) to 5 (very high). Scores are averaged across all respondents.
  • Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$ per capita: Arms imports (constant 1990 US$). Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Logistics performance index: Efficiency of customs clearance process > 1=low to 5=high per million: Logistics performance index: Efficiency of customs clearance process (1=low to 5=high). Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Details of the survey methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Respondents evaluated efficiency of customs clearance processes (i.e. speed, simplicity and predictability of formalities), on a rating ranging from 1 (very low) to 5 (very high). Scores are averaged across all respondents. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Imports of goods and services > Current LCU: Imports of goods and services (current LCU). Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in current local currency.
  • Smoking prevalence, males > % of adults: Smoking prevalence, males (% of adults). Prevalence of smoking, male is the percentage of men ages 15 and over who smoke any form of tobacco, including cigarettes, cigars, and pipes, and excluding smokeless tobacco. Data include daily and non-daily smoking.
  • Imports of goods and services > Current LCU per capita: Imports of goods and services (current LCU). Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in current local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Tuberculosis treatment success rate > % of registered cases: Tuberculosis treatment success rate (% of registered cases). Tuberculosis treatment success rate is the percentage of new, registered smear-positive (infectious) cases that were cured or in which a full course of treatment was completed.
  • Insurance and financial services > % of service exports, BoP: Insurance and financial services (% of service exports, BoP). Insurance and financial services cover various types of insurance provided to nonresidents by resident insurance enterprises and vice versa, and financial intermediary and auxiliary services (except those of insurance enterprises and pension funds) exchanged between residents and nonresidents.
  • Goods exports > BoP, current US$: Goods exports (BoP, current US$). Goods exports refer to all movable goods (including nonmonetary gold and net exports of goods under merchanting) involved in a change of ownership from residents to nonresidents. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Transport services > % of commercial service imports: Transport services (% of commercial service imports). Transport services (% of commercial service imports) covers all transport services (sea, air, land, internal waterway, space, and pipeline) performed by residents of one economy for those of another and involving the carriage of passengers, movement of goods (freight), rental of carriers with crew, and related support and auxiliary services. Excluded are freight insurance, which is included in insurance services; goods procured in ports by nonresident carriers and repairs of transport equipment, which are included in goods; repairs of railway facilities, harbors, and airfield facilities, which are included in construction services; and rental of carriers without crew, which is included in other services.
  • Agricultural raw materials exports > % of merchandise exports: Agricultural raw materials exports (% of merchandise exports). Agricultural raw materials comprise SITC section 2 (crude materials except fuels) excluding divisions 22, 27 (crude fertilizers and minerals excluding coal, petroleum, and precious stones), and 28 (metalliferous ores and scrap).
  • Net barter terms of trade index > 2000 = 100: Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100). Net barter terms of trade index is calculated as the percentage ratio of the export unit value indexes to the import unit value indexes, measured relative to the base year 2000. Unit value indexes are based on data reported by countries that demonstrate consistency under UNCTAD quality controls, supplemented by UNCTADu2019s estimates using the previous yearu2019s trade values at the Standard International Trade Classification three-digit level as weights. To improve data coverage, especially for the latest periods, UNCTAD constructs a set of average prices indexes at the three-digit product classification of the Standard International Trade Classification revision 3 using UNCTADu2019s Commodity Price Statistics, internaxadtional and national sources, and UNCTAD secretariat estimates and calculates unit value indexes at the country level using the current yearu2019s trade values as weights.
  • Export volume index > 2000 = 100: Export volume index (2000 = 100). Export volume indexes are derived from UNCTAD's volume index series and are the ratio of the export value indexes to the corresponding unit value indexes. Unit value indexes are based on data reported by countries that demonstrate consistency under UNCTAD quality controls, supplemented by UNCTADu2019s estimates using the previous yearu2019s trade values at the Standard International Trade Classification three-digit level as weights. To improve data coverage, especially for the latest periods, UNCTAD constructs a set of average prices indexes at the three-digit product classification of the Standard International Trade Classification revision 3 using UNCTADu2019s Commodity Price Statistics, internaxadtional and national sources, and UNCTAD secretariat estimates and calculates unit value indexes at the country level using the current yearu2019s trade values as weights. For economies for which UNCTAD does not publish data, the export volume indexes (lines 72) in the IMF's International Financial Statistics are used.
  • ICT goods exports > % of total goods exports: ICT goods exports (% of total goods exports). Information and communication technology goods exports include telecommunications, audio and video, computer and related equipment; electronic components; and other information and communication technology goods. Software is excluded.
  • Merchandise exports to high-income economies > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports to high-income economies (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports to high-income economies are the sum of merchandise exports from the reporting economy to high-income economies according to the World Bank classification of economies. Data are expressed as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy. Data are computed only if at least half of the economies in the partner country group had non-missing data.
  • Net barter terms of trade index > 2000 = 100 per million: Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100). Net barter terms of trade index is calculated as the percentage ratio of the export unit value indexes to the import unit value indexes, measured relative to the base year 2000. Unit value indexes are based on data reported by countries that demonstrate consistency under UNCTAD quality controls, supplemented by UNCTADu2019s estimates using the previous yearu2019s trade values at the Standard International Trade Classification three-digit level as weights. To improve data coverage, especially for the latest periods, UNCTAD constructs a set of average prices indexes at the three-digit product classification of the Standard International Trade Classification revision 3 using UNCTADu2019s Commodity Price Statistics, internaxadtional and national sources, and UNCTAD secretariat estimates and calculates unit value indexes at the country level using the current yearu2019s trade values as weights. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Merchandise exports to developing economies outside region > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports to developing economies outside region (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports to developing economies outside region are the sum of merchandise exports from the reporting economy to other developing economies in other World Bank regions according to the World Bank classification of economies. Data are expressed as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy. Data are computed only if at least half of the economies in the partner country group had non-missing data.
  • Merchandise exports to developing economies in East Asia & Pacific > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports to developing economies in East Asia & Pacific (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports to developing economies in East Asia and Pacific are the sum of merchandise exports from the reporting economy to developing economies in the East Asia and Pacific region according to World Bank classification of economies. Data are as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy. Data are computed only if at least half of the economies in the partner country group had non-missing data.
  • Merchandise exports to developing economies in Middle East & North Africa > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports to developing economies in Middle East & North Africa (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports to developing economies in Middle East and North Africa are the sum of merchandise exports from the reporting economy to developing economies in the Middle East and North Africa region according to World Bank classification of economies. Data are as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy. Data are computed only if at least half of the economies in the partner country group had non-missing data.
  • Transport services > % of commercial service exports: Transport services (% of commercial service exports). Transport services (% of commercial service exports) covers all transport services (sea, air, land, internal waterway, space, and pipeline) performed by residents of one economy for those of another and involving the carriage of passengers, movement of goods (freight), rental of carriers with crew, and related support and auxiliary services. Excluded are freight insurance, which is included in insurance services; goods procured in ports by nonresident carriers and repairs of transport equipment, which are included in goods; repairs of railway facilities, harbors, and airfield facilities, which are included in construction services; and rental of carriers without crew, which is included in other services.
  • Merchandise exports to developing economies in Sub-Saharan Africa > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports to developing economies in Sub-Saharan Africa (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports to developing economies in Sub-Saharan Africa are the sum of merchandise exports from the reporting economy to developing economies in the Sub-Saharan Africa region according to World Bank classification of economies. Data are as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy. Data are computed only if at least half of the economies in the partner country group had non-missing data.
  • Goods imports > BoP, current US$: Goods imports (BoP, current US$). Goods imports refer to all movable goods (including nonmonetary gold) involved in a change of ownership from nonresidents to residents. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Energy imports, net > % of energy use: Energy imports, net (% of energy use). Net energy imports are estimated as energy use less production, both measured in oil equivalents. A negative value indicates that the country is a net exporter. Energy use refers to use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport.
  • Communications, computer, etc. > % of service exports, BoP: Communications, computer, etc. (% of service exports, BoP). Communications, computer, information, and other services cover international telecommunications; computer data; news-related service transactions between residents and nonresidents; construction services; royalties and license fees; miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services; personal, cultural, and recreational services; manufacturing services on physical inputs owned by others; and maintenance and repair services and government services not included elsewhere.
  • Exports of goods and services > Annual % growth: Exports of goods and services (annual % growth). Annual growth rate of exports of goods and services based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments.
  • Imports of goods and services > Current US$: Imports of goods and services (current US$). Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Insurance and financial services > % of commercial service imports: Insurance and financial services (% of commercial service imports). Insurance and financial services cover freight insurance on goods imported and other direct insurance such as life insurance; financial intermediation services such as commissions, foreign exchange transactions, and brokerage services; and auxiliary services such as financial market operational and regulatory services.
  • Documents to export > Number: Documents to export (number). All documents required per shipment to export goods are recorded. It is assumed that the contract has already been agreed upon and signed by both parties. Documents required for clearance by government ministries, customs authorities, port and container terminal authorities, health and technical control agencies and banks are taken into account. Since payment is by letter of credit, all documents required by banks for the issuance or securing of a letter of credit are also taken into account. Documents that are renewed annually and that do not require renewal per shipment (for example, an annual tax clearance certificate) are not included.
  • Goods imports > BoP, current US$ per capita: Goods imports (BoP, current US$). Goods imports refer to all movable goods (including nonmonetary gold) involved in a change of ownership from nonresidents to residents. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Armed forces personnel > % of total labor force: Armed forces personnel (% of total labor force). Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organization, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces. Labor force comprises all people who meet the International Labour Organization's definition of the economically active population.
  • Armed forces personnel, total: Armed forces personnel, total. Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organization, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces.
  • External balance on goods and services > Current LCU: External balance on goods and services (current LCU). External balance on goods and services (formerly resource balance) equals exports of goods and services minus imports of goods and services (previously nonfactor services). Data are in current local currency.
  • Imports of goods and services > Annual % growth: Imports of goods and services (annual % growth). Annual growth rate of imports of goods and services based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments.
  • External balance on goods and services > Constant LCU: External balance on goods and services (constant LCU). External balance on goods and services (formerly resource balance) equals exports of goods and services minus imports of goods and services (previously nonfactor services). Data are in constant local currency.
  • Exports of goods and services > Constant LCU: Exports of goods and services (constant LCU). Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in constant local currency.
  • Imports of goods and services > Constant 2000 US$: Imports of goods and services (constant 2000 US$). Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars.
  • Travel services > % of commercial service imports: Travel services (% of commercial service imports). Travel services (% of commercial service imports) covers goods and services acquired from an economy by travelers in that economy for their own use during visits of less than one year for business or personal purposes. Travel services include the goods and services consumed by travelers, such as lodging, meals, and transport (within the economy visited).
  • Insurance and financial services > % of commercial service exports: Insurance and financial services (% of commercial service exports). Insurance and financial services cover freight insurance on goods exported and other direct insurance such as life insurance; financial intermediation services such as commissions, foreign exchange transactions, and brokerage services; and auxiliary services such as financial market operational and regulatory services.
  • Wholesale price index > 2005 = 100 per million: Wholesale price index (2005 = 100). Wholesale price index refers to a mix of agricultural and industrial goods at various stages of production and distribution, including import duties. The Laspeyres formula is generally used. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Time to import > Days per million: Time to import (days). Time is recorded in calendar days. The time calculation for a procedure starts from the moment it is initiated and runs until it is completed. If a procedure can be accelerated for an additional cost, the fastest legal procedure is chosen. It is assumed that neither the exporter nor the importer wastes time and that each commits to completing each remaining procedure without delay. Procedures that can be completed in parallel are measured as simultaneous. The waiting time between procedures--for example, during unloading of the cargo--is included in the measure. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Lead time to export, median case > Days per million: Lead time to export, median case (days). Lead time to export is the median time (the value for 50 percent of shipments) from shipment point to port of loading. Data are from the Logistics Performance Index survey. Respondents provided separate values for the best case (10 percent of shipments) and the median case (50 percent of shipments). The data are exponentiated averages of the logarithm of single value responses and of midpoint values of range responses for the median case. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Logistics performance index: Ease of arranging competitively priced shipments > 1=low to 5=high per million: Logistics performance index: Ease of arranging competitively priced shipments (1=low to 5=high). Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Details of the survey methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Respondents assessed the ease of arranging competitively priced shipments to markets, on a rating ranging from 1 (very difficult) to 5 (very easy). Scores are averaged across all respondents. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Logistics performance index: Ability to track and trace consignments > 1=low to 5=high per million: Logistics performance index: Ability to track and trace consignments (1=low to 5=high). Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Details of the survey methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Respondents evaluated the ability to track and trace consignments when shipping to the market, on a rating ranging from 1 (very low) to 5 (very high). Scores are averaged across all respondents. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Armed forces personnel, total per 1000: Armed forces personnel, total. Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if the training, organization, equipment, and control suggest they may be used to support or replace regular military forces. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Exports of goods and services > Constant LCU per capita: Exports of goods and services (constant LCU). Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in constant local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Imports of goods and services > Current US$ per capita: Imports of goods and services (current US$). Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Imports of goods and services > Constant 2000 US$ per capita: Imports of goods and services (constant 2000 US$). Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • External balance on goods and services > Constant LCU per million: External balance on goods and services (constant LCU). External balance on goods and services (formerly resource balance) equals exports of goods and services minus imports of goods and services (previously nonfactor services). Data are in constant local currency. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Merchandise exports by the reporting economy, residual > % of total merchandise exports: Merchandise exports by the reporting economy, residual (% of total merchandise exports). Merchandise exports by the reporting economy residuals are the total merchandise exports by the reporting economy to the rest of the world as reported in the IMF's Direction of trade database, less the sum of exports by the reporting economy to high-, low-, and middle-income economies according to the World Bank classification of economies. Includes trade with unspecified partners or with economies not covered by World Bank classification. Data are as a percentage of total merchandise exports by the economy.
  • Travel services > % of service exports, BoP: Travel services (% of service exports, BoP). Travel covers goods and services acquired from an economy by travelers for their own use during visits of less than one year in that economy for either business or personal purposes. Travel includes local transport (i.e., transport within the economy being visited and provided by a resident of that economy), but excludes international transport (which is included in passenger transport. Travel also excludes goods for resale, which are included in general merchandise.
  • Air transport, freight > Million ton-km: Air transport, freight (million ton-km). Air freight is the volume of freight, express, and diplomatic bags carried on each flight stage (operation of an aircraft from takeoff to its next landing), measured in metric tons times kilometers traveled.
  • Lead time to export, median case > Days: Lead time to export, median case (days). Lead time to export is the median time (the value for 50 percent of shipments) from shipment point to port of loading. Data are from the Logistics Performance Index survey. Respondents provided separate values for the best case (10 percent of shipments) and the median case (50 percent of shipments). The data are exponentiated averages of the logarithm of single value responses and of midpoint values of range responses for the median case.
  • Logistics performance index: Quality of trade and transport-related infrastructure > 1=low to 5=high: Logistics performance index: Quality of trade and transport-related infrastructure (1=low to 5=high). Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Details of the survey methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Respondents evaluated the quality of trade and transport related infrastructure (e.g. ports, railroads, roads, information technology), on a rating ranging from 1 (very low) to 5 (very high). Scores are averaged across all respondents.
  • Imports of goods and services > % of GDP: Imports of goods and services (% of GDP). Imports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (formerly called factor services) and transfer payments.
  • Fuel imports > % of merchandise imports: Fuel imports (% of merchandise imports). Fuels comprise the commodities in SITC section 3 (mineral fuels).
  • Ores and metals exports > % of merchandise exports: Ores and metals exports (% of merchandise exports). Ores and metals comprise the commodities in SITC sections 27 (crude fertilizer, minerals nes); 28 (metalliferous ores, scrap); and 68 (non-ferrous metals).
  • Total reserves in months of imports per million: Total reserves in months of imports. Total reserves comprise holdings of monetary gold, special drawing rights, reserves of IMF members held by the IMF, and holdings of foreign exchange under the control of monetary authorities. The gold component of these reserves is valued at year-end (December 31) London prices. This item shows reserves expressed in terms of the number of months of imports of goods and services they could pay for [Reserves/(Imports/12)]. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Air transport, registered carrier departures worldwide per 1000: Air transport, registered carrier departures worldwide. Registered carrier departures worldwide are domestic takeoffs and takeoffs abroad of air carriers registered in the country. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Arms exports > Constant 1990 US$ per capita: Arms exports (constant 1990 US$). Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Arms exports > Constant 1990 US$, % of GDP: Arms exports (constant 1990 US$). Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Export volume index > 2000 = 100 per million: Export volume index (2000 = 100). Export volume indexes are derived from UNCTAD's volume index series and are the ratio of the export value indexes to the corresponding unit value indexes. Unit value indexes are based on data reported by countries that demonstrate consistency under UNCTAD quality controls, supplemented by UNCTADu2019s estimates using the previous yearu2019s trade values at the Standard International Trade Classification three-digit level as weights. To improve data coverage, especially for the latest periods, UNCTAD constructs a set of average prices indexes at the three-digit product classification of the Standard International Trade Classification revision 3 using UNCTADu2019s Commodity Price Statistics, internaxadtional and national sources, and UNCTAD secretariat estimates and calculates unit value indexes at the country level using the current yearu2019s trade values as weights. For economies for which UNCTAD does not publish data, the export volume indexes (lines 72) in the IMF's International Financial Statistics are used. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • CO2 emissions from transport > % of total fuel combustion: CO2 emissions from transport (% of total fuel combustion). CO2 emissions from transport contains emissions from the combustion of fuel for all transport activity, regardless of the sector, except for international marine bunkers and international aviation. This includes domestic aviation, domestic navigation, road, rail and pipeline transport, and corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 3. In addition, the IEA data are not collected in a way that allows the autoproducer consumption to be split by specific end-use and therefore, autoproducers are shown as a separate item (Unallocated Autoproducers).
  • Logistics performance index: Ease of arranging competitively priced shipments > 1=low to 5=high: Logistics performance index: Ease of arranging competitively priced shipments (1=low to 5=high). Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Details of the survey methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010). Respondents assessed the ease of arranging competitively priced shipments to markets, on a rating ranging from 1 (very difficult) to 5 (very easy). Scores are averaged across all respondents.
  • CO2 emissions from transport > Million metric tons: CO2 emissions from transport (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from transport contains emissions from the combustion of fuel for all transport activity, regardless of the sector, except for international marine bunkers and international aviation. This includes domestic aviation, domestic navigation, road, rail and pipeline transport, and corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 3. In addition, the IEA data are not collected in a way that allows the autoproducer consumption to be split by specific end-use and therefore, autoproducers are shown as a separate item (Unallocated Autoproducers).
  • Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$: Arms imports (constant 1990 US$). Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services.
  • Wholesale price index > 2005 = 100: Wholesale price index (2005 = 100). Wholesale price index refers to a mix of agricultural and industrial goods at various stages of production and distribution, including import duties. The Laspeyres formula is generally used.
  • Documents to export > Number per million: Documents to export (number). All documents required per shipment to export goods are recorded. It is assumed that the contract has already been agreed upon and signed by both parties. Documents required for clearance by government ministries, customs authorities, port and container terminal authorities, health and technical control agencies and banks are taken into account. Since payment is by letter of credit, all documents required by banks for the issuance or securing of a letter of credit are also taken into account. Documents that are renewed annually and that do not require renewal per shipment (for example, an annual tax clearance certificate) are not included. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Cost to import > US$ per container: Cost to import (US$ per container). Cost measures the fees levied on a 20-foot container in U.S. dollars. All the fees associated with completing the procedures to export or import the goods are included. These include costs for documents, administrative fees for customs clearance and technical control, customs broker fees, terminal handling charges and inland transport. The cost measure does not include tariffs or trade taxes. Only official costs are recorded.
  • Air transport, registered carrier departures worldwide: Air transport, registered carrier departures worldwide. Registered carrier departures worldwide are domestic takeoffs and takeoffs abroad of air carriers registered in the country.
  • Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$, % of GDP: Arms imports (constant 1990 US$). Arms transfers cover the supply of military weapons through sales, aid, gifts, and those made through manufacturing licenses. Data cover major conventional weapons such as aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, radar systems, missiles, and ships designed for military use. Excluded are transfers of other military equipment such as small arms and light weapons, trucks, small artillery, ammunition, support equipment, technology transfers, and other services. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
STAT Italy United Kingdom HISTORY
Air transport, passengers carried 31.05 million
Ranked 23th.
115.01 million
Ranked 4th. 4 times more than Italy

Air transport, passengers carried per 1000 509.65
Ranked 55th.
1,819.01
Ranked 22nd. 4 times more than Italy

Arms exports > Constant 1990 US$ $847.00 million
Ranked 9th.
$863.00 million
Ranked 8th. 2% more than Italy

Container port traffic > TEU: 20 foot equivalent units 10.14 million
Ranked 14th. 11% more than United Kingdom
9.1 million
Ranked 16th.

Container port traffic > TEU: 20 foot equivalent units per 1000 167.06
Ranked 47th. 15% more than United Kingdom
145.03
Ranked 53th.

Cost to export > US$ per container $1,195.00
Ranked 90th. 19% more than United Kingdom
$1,005.00
Ranked 120th.

Export value index > 2000 = 100 per million 3.59
Ranked 182nd. 36% more than United Kingdom
2.65
Ranked 187th.

Exports of goods and services > BoP, current US$ $582.25 billion
Ranked 11th.
$766.58 billion
Ranked 7th. 32% more than Italy

Import value index > 2000 = 100 233.75
Ranked 148th. 28% more than United Kingdom
183.31
Ranked 174th.

Import value index > 2000 = 100 per million 3.85
Ranked 183th. 32% more than United Kingdom
2.92
Ranked 187th.

Imports of goods and services > Constant 2000 US$, % of GDP 23.07%
Ranked 84th.
29.7%
Ranked 59th. 29% more than Italy

Imports of goods and services > Current US$, % of GDP 29.11%
Ranked 118th.
34.29%
Ranked 94th. 18% more than Italy

Lead time to import, median case > Days per million 0.0657
Ranked 85th.
0.0791
Ranked 82nd. 20% more than Italy

Liner shipping connectivity index > Maximum value in 2004 = 100 per million 1.09
Ranked 106th.
1.33
Ranked 95th. 22% more than Italy

Service exports > BoP, current US$ $103.32 billion
Ranked 14th.
$291.96 billion
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than Italy

External balance on goods and services > Current LCU per million 289.95 million
Ranked 44th.
-547,894,282.626
Ranked 61st.

Terms of trade adjustment > Constant LCU -25,985,690,512.892
Ranked 85th. 65% more than United Kingdom
-15,783,575,368.625
Ranked 84th.

Imports of goods and services > BoP, current US$, % of GDP 27.85%
Ranked 122nd.
33.99%
Ranked 99th. 22% more than Italy

Exports of goods and services > BoP, current US$, % of GDP 28.92%
Ranked 99th.
31.48%
Ranked 87th. 9% more than Italy

Service exports > BoP, current US$, % of GDP 5.13%
Ranked 100th.
11.99%
Ranked 54th. 2 times more than Italy

Current account balance > % of GDP -0.4%
Ranked 47th.
-3.825%
Ranked 77th. 10 times more than Italy

Air transport, freight > Million ton-km per million 13.06
Ranked 48th.
98.87
Ranked 20th. 8 times more than Italy

Smoking prevalence, females > % of adults 19.21%
Ranked 42nd.
23.38%
Ranked 27th. 22% more than Italy
Lead time to import, median case > Days 4
Ranked 42nd.
5
Ranked 30th. 25% more than Italy

Merchandise exports to economies in the Arab World > % of total merchandise exports 6.36%
Ranked 32nd. 79% more than United Kingdom
3.55%
Ranked 55th.

Merchandise exports to developing economies in Europe & Central Asia > % of total merchandise exports 7.43%
Ranked 32nd. 3 times more than United Kingdom
2.73%
Ranked 58th.

Merchandise exports to developing economies in Latin America & the Caribbean > % of total merchandise exports 3.25%
Ranked 47th. 2 times more than United Kingdom
1.32%
Ranked 78th.

Export value index > 2000 = 100 217.77
Ranked 143th. 31% more than United Kingdom
166.04
Ranked 167th.

Travel services > % of commercial service exports 40.14%
Ranked 23th. 3 times more than United Kingdom
12.98%
Ranked 59th.

Exports of goods and services > Current LCU per capita 7,772.29
Ranked 102nd.
7,810.93
Ranked 101st. About the same as Italy

Exports of goods and services > Current LCU 473.47 billion
Ranked 61st.
493.87 billion
Ranked 60th. 4% more than Italy

Exports of goods and services > % of GDP 30.22%
Ranked 88th.
31.56%
Ranked 82nd. 4% more than Italy

Terms of trade adjustment > Constant LCU per capita -426.569
Ranked 73th. 71% more than United Kingdom
-249.631
Ranked 70th.

Total reserves in months of imports 3.41
Ranked 93th. 3 times more than United Kingdom
1.17
Ranked 130th.

Food exports > % of merchandise exports 7.72%
Ranked 102nd. 24% more than United Kingdom
6.24%
Ranked 65th.

ICT goods imports > % total goods imports 5.97%
Ranked 51st.
8.19%
Ranked 28th. 37% more than Italy

Ores and metals imports > % of merchandise imports 5.28%
Ranked 21st. 28% more than United Kingdom
4.13%
Ranked 16th.

Computer, communications and other services > % of commercial service imports 43.05%
Ranked 26th.
43.61%
Ranked 25th. 1% more than Italy

Exports of goods and services > BoP, current US$ per capita $9,557.99
Ranked 40th.
$12,124.10
Ranked 32nd. 27% more than Italy

Goods exports > BoP, current US$, % of GDP 23.79%
Ranked 74th. 22% more than United Kingdom
19.49%
Ranked 91st.

Imports of goods and services > BoP, current US$ per capita $9,202.73
Ranked 38th.
$13,092.03
Ranked 28th. 42% more than Italy

Goods imports > BoP, current US$, % of GDP 22.53%
Ranked 117th.
26.54%
Ranked 102nd. 18% more than Italy

Goods exports > BoP, current US$ per capita $7,861.92
Ranked 36th. 5% more than United Kingdom
$7,506.47
Ranked 38th.

Service exports > BoP, current US$ per capita $1,696.08
Ranked 52nd.
$4,617.63
Ranked 23th. 3 times more than Italy

CO2 emissions from transport > Million metric tons per million 1.78
Ranked 31st.
1.86
Ranked 29th. 4% more than Italy

Imports of goods and services > BoP, current US$ $560.61 billion
Ranked 13th.
$827.78 billion
Ranked 6th. 48% more than Italy

Time to import > Days 18
Ranked 102nd. 3 times more than United Kingdom
6
Ranked 181st.

Liner shipping connectivity index > Maximum value in 2004 = 100 66.33
Ranked 13th.
84
Ranked 9th. 27% more than Italy

Logistics performance index: Efficiency of customs clearance process > 1=low to 5=high 3.34
Ranked 26th.
3.73
Ranked 10th. 12% more than Italy

Logistics performance index: Ability to track and trace consignments > 1=low to 5=high 3.73
Ranked 20th.
4
Ranked 10th. 7% more than Italy

Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$ per capita $3.53
Ranked 59th.
$9.46
Ranked 33th. 3 times more than Italy

Logistics performance index: Efficiency of customs clearance process > 1=low to 5=high per million 0.0548
Ranked 129th.
0.059
Ranked 124th. 8% more than Italy

Imports of goods and services > Current LCU 455.81 billion
Ranked 65th.
528.51 billion
Ranked 62nd. 16% more than Italy

Smoking prevalence, males > % of adults 32.79%
Ranked 69th. 32% more than United Kingdom
24.81%
Ranked 105th.
Imports of goods and services > Current LCU per capita 7,482.34
Ranked 112th.
8,358.83
Ranked 110th. 12% more than Italy

Tuberculosis treatment success rate > % of registered cases 95%
Ranked 10th. 19% more than United Kingdom
80%
Ranked 98th.

Insurance and financial services > % of service exports, BoP 5.53%
Ranked 36th.
28.33%
Ranked 3rd. 5 times more than Italy

Goods exports > BoP, current US$ $478.93 billion
Ranked 10th. 1% more than United Kingdom
$474.62 billion
Ranked 11th.

Transport services > % of commercial service imports 23.54%
Ranked 47th. 28% more than United Kingdom
18.42%
Ranked 56th.

Agricultural raw materials exports > % of merchandise exports 0.731%
Ranked 99th. 4% more than United Kingdom
0.705%
Ranked 61st.

Net barter terms of trade index > 2000 = 100 95.62
Ranked 127th.
101.41
Ranked 108th. 6% more than Italy

Export volume index > 2000 = 100 100.89
Ranked 156th.
113.8
Ranked 146th. 13% more than Italy

ICT goods exports > % of total goods exports 2.09%
Ranked 46th.
4.98%
Ranked 32nd. 2 times more than Italy

Merchandise exports to high-income economies > % of total merchandise exports 77.72%
Ranked 50th.
83.04%
Ranked 35th. 7% more than Italy

Net barter terms of trade index > 2000 = 100 per million 1.57
Ranked 179th.
1.62
Ranked 178th. 3% more than Italy

Merchandise exports to developing economies outside region > % of total merchandise exports 21.17%
Ranked 60th. 60% more than United Kingdom
13.22%
Ranked 93th.

Merchandise exports to developing economies in East Asia & Pacific > % of total merchandise exports 3.69%
Ranked 66th. 8% more than United Kingdom
3.43%
Ranked 72nd.

Merchandise exports to developing economies in Middle East & North Africa > % of total merchandise exports 4.19%
Ranked 27th. 4 times more than United Kingdom
0.983%
Ranked 83th.

Transport services > % of commercial service exports 14%
Ranked 46th. 6% more than United Kingdom
13.19%
Ranked 49th.

Merchandise exports to developing economies in Sub-Saharan Africa > % of total merchandise exports 1.34%
Ranked 81st.
2.79%
Ranked 48th. 2 times more than Italy

Goods imports > BoP, current US$ $453.53 billion
Ranked 12th.
$646.34 billion
Ranked 6th. 43% more than Italy

Energy imports, net > % of energy use 79.4%
Ranked 6th. 2 times more than United Kingdom
39.3%
Ranked 21st.

Communications, computer, etc. > % of service exports, BoP 41%
Ranked 51st.
47.27%
Ranked 41st. 15% more than Italy

Exports of goods and services > Annual % growth 1.98%
Ranked 65th. 90% more than United Kingdom
1.04%
Ranked 79th.

Imports of goods and services > Current US$ $586.02 billion
Ranked 11th.
$834.93 billion
Ranked 6th. 42% more than Italy

Insurance and financial services > % of commercial service imports 8.54%
Ranked 15th. 10% more than United Kingdom
7.74%
Ranked 19th.

Documents to export > Number 3
Ranked 181st.
4
Ranked 160th. 33% more than Italy

Goods imports > BoP, current US$ per capita $7,444.94
Ranked 38th.
$10,222.39
Ranked 28th. 37% more than Italy

Armed forces personnel > % of total labor force 1.45%
Ranked 43th. 3 times more than United Kingdom
0.517%
Ranked 111th.

Armed forces personnel, total 367,550
Ranked 19th. 2 times more than United Kingdom
165,650
Ranked 39th.

External balance on goods and services > Current LCU 17.66 billion
Ranked 32nd.
-34,642,000,000
Ranked 91st.

Imports of goods and services > Annual % growth -7.408%
Ranked 107th.
3.07%
Ranked 63th.

External balance on goods and services > Constant LCU 40.46 billion
Ranked 22nd.
-10,287,146,595.55
Ranked 61st.

Exports of goods and services > Constant LCU 413.98 billion
Ranked 49th. 7% more than United Kingdom
387.46 billion
Ranked 50th.

Imports of goods and services > Constant 2000 US$ $464.50 billion
Ranked 11th.
$723.17 billion
Ranked 5th. 56% more than Italy

Travel services > % of commercial service imports 24.87%
Ranked 27th.
30.23%
Ranked 14th. 22% more than Italy

Insurance and financial services > % of commercial service exports 5.59%
Ranked 18th.
27.77%
Ranked 3rd. 5 times more than Italy

Wholesale price index > 2005 = 100 per million 2
Ranked 58th. 3% more than United Kingdom
1.94
Ranked 59th.

Time to import > Days per million 0.295
Ranked 163th. 3 times more than United Kingdom
0.0949
Ranked 180th.

Lead time to export, median case > Days per million 0.0492
Ranked 86th. 4% more than United Kingdom
0.0474
Ranked 87th.

Logistics performance index: Ease of arranging competitively priced shipments > 1=low to 5=high per million 0.0579
Ranked 129th. 1% more than United Kingdom
0.0574
Ranked 131st.

Logistics performance index: Ability to track and trace consignments > 1=low to 5=high per million 0.0612
Ranked 127th.
0.0633
Ranked 126th. 3% more than Italy

Armed forces personnel, total per 1000 6.05
Ranked 50th. 2 times more than United Kingdom
2.64
Ranked 109th.

Exports of goods and services > Constant LCU per capita 6,795.62
Ranked 73th. 11% more than United Kingdom
6,127.95
Ranked 76th.

Imports of goods and services > Current US$ per capita $9,619.88
Ranked 27th.
$13,205.10
Ranked 22nd. 37% more than Italy

Imports of goods and services > Constant 2000 US$ per capita $7,625.04
Ranked 30th.
$11,437.59
Ranked 20th. 50% more than Italy

External balance on goods and services > Constant LCU per million 664.17 million
Ranked 26th.
-162,700,444.669
Ranked 43th.

Merchandise exports by the reporting economy, residual > % of total merchandise exports 1.11%
Ranked 95th.
3.74%
Ranked 64th. 3 times more than Italy

Travel services > % of service exports, BoP 39.64%
Ranked 66th. 3 times more than United Kingdom
12.46%
Ranked 130th.

Air transport, freight > Million ton-km 795.38
Ranked 33th.
6,251.47
Ranked 10th. 8 times more than Italy

Lead time to export, median case > Days 3
Ranked 45th. The same as United Kingdom
3
Ranked 40th.

Logistics performance index: Quality of trade and transport-related infrastructure > 1=low to 5=high 3.74
Ranked 22nd.
3.95
Ranked 15th. 6% more than Italy

Imports of goods and services > % of GDP 29.09%
Ranked 124th.
33.78%
Ranked 102nd. 16% more than Italy

Fuel imports > % of merchandise imports 19.94%
Ranked 58th. 42% more than United Kingdom
14.06%
Ranked 65th.

Ores and metals exports > % of merchandise exports 2.34%
Ranked 84th.
3.84%
Ranked 38th. 64% more than Italy

Total reserves in months of imports per million 0.0559
Ranked 127th. 3 times more than United Kingdom
0.0184
Ranked 138th.

Air transport, registered carrier departures worldwide per 1000 5.02
Ranked 63th.
16.38
Ranked 30th. 3 times more than Italy

Arms exports > Constant 1990 US$ per capita $13.90
Ranked 14th. 2% more than United Kingdom
$13.65
Ranked 15th.

Arms exports > Constant 1990 US$, % of GDP 0.0421%
Ranked 10th. 19% more than United Kingdom
0.0354%
Ranked 14th.

Export volume index > 2000 = 100 per million 1.66
Ranked 186th.
1.81
Ranked 184th. 9% more than Italy

CO2 emissions from transport > % of total fuel combustion 27.54%
Ranked 68th. 4% more than United Kingdom
26.36%
Ranked 77th.

Logistics performance index: Ease of arranging competitively priced shipments > 1=low to 5=high 3.53
Ranked 18th.
3.63
Ranked 13th. 3% more than Italy

CO2 emissions from transport > Million metric tons 108.22
Ranked 16th.
116.77
Ranked 13th. 8% more than Italy

Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$ $215.00 million
Ranked 34th.
$598.00 million
Ranked 16th. 3 times more than Italy

Wholesale price index > 2005 = 100 121.93
Ranked 56th.
122.93
Ranked 54th. 1% more than Italy

Documents to export > Number per million 0.0492
Ranked 176th.
0.0633
Ranked 170th. 28% more than Italy

Cost to import > US$ per container $1,145.00
Ranked 121st. 9% more than United Kingdom
$1,050.00
Ranked 128th.

Air transport, registered carrier departures worldwide 305,512
Ranked 20th.
1.04 million
Ranked 5th. 3 times more than Italy

Arms imports > Constant 1990 US$, % of GDP 0.0107%
Ranked 76th.
0.0246%
Ranked 61st. 2 times more than Italy

SOURCES: International Civil Aviation Organization, Civil Aviation Statistics of the World and ICAO staff estimates.; International Civil Aviation Organization, Civil Aviation Statistics of the World and ICAO staff estimates. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Yearbook: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security.; Containerisation International, Containerisation International Yearbook.; Containerisation International, Containerisation International Yearbook. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).; United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Handbook of Statistics and data files, and International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators.; United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Handbook of Statistics and data files, and International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics.; World Bank national accounts data. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.; World Bank and Turku School of Economics, Logistic Performance Index Surveys. Data are available online at : http://www.worldbank.org/lpi. Summary results are published in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy, The Logistics Performance Index and Its Indicators report. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Review of Maritime Transport 2010. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank national accounts data. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank national accounts data; International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.; International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files, and World Bank and OECD GDP estimates. World Bank World Development Indicators.; WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic.; World Bank and Turku School of Economics, Logistic Performance Index Surveys. Data are available online at : http://www.worldbank.org/lpi. Summary results are published in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy, The Logistics Performance Index and Its Indicators report.; World Bank staff estimates; International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators.; United Nations Conference on Trade and Development's UNCTADstat database at http://unctadstat.unctad.org/ReportFolders/reportFolders.aspx.; International Monetary Fund, Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Energy Agency. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Review of Maritime Transport 2010.; Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Yearbook: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Health Organization, Global Tuberculosis Control Report.; International Energy Agency; International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance.; International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/). Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Yearbook: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.

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