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Labor Stats: compare key data on Netherlands & United Kingdom

Definitions

  • Agricultural workers > Male: Proportion of employed males engaged in the agricultural sector. Employment by economic activity (%) (most recent year available between 1995 and 2001). Note: As a result of a number of limitations in the data, comparisons of labour statistics over time and across countries should be made with caution. For detailed notes on the data see ILO (2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; 2002. Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002. February 2002; and 2002. Laboursta Database. February 2002). The percentage shares of employment by economic activity may not sum to 100 because of rounding or the omission of activities not classified.
  • Employment rate > Adults: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Expense > Current LCU: Expense (current LCU). Expense is cash payments for operating activities of the government in providing goods and services. It includes compensation of employees (such as wages and salaries), interest and subsidies, grants, social benefits, and other expenses such as rent and dividends.
  • GNI > Current US$: GNI (current US$). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Hours worked > Standard workweek: Standard workweek (hours).
  • Labor force: The total labor force figure
  • Labor force > By occupation: Component parts of the labor force by occupation.
  • Labor force > By occupation > Agriculture: This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by occupation. The distribution will total less than 100 percent if the data are incomplete.
  • Labor force > By occupation > Industry: This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by occupation. The distribution will total less than 100 percent if the data are incomplete.
  • Labor force > By occupation > Services: This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by occupation. The distribution will total less than 100 percent if the data are incomplete.
  • Labor force, total: Labor force, total. Total labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector.
  • Salaries and benefits > Hourly minimum wage: Hourly minimum wage at international USD (this means that discrepancies in purchasing power have been compensated for).
  • Salaries and benefits > Minimum wage: Minimum wage.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Trade union membership: Union members as % of all employees. Figures are for 2000.
  • Unemployment rate: The percent of the labor force that is without jobs. Substantial underemployment might be noted.
  • Rigidity of employment index: The rigidity of employment index measures the regulation of employment, specifically the hiring and firing of workers and the rigidity of working hours. This index is the average of three subindexes: a difficulty of hiring index, a rigidity of hours index, and a difficulty of firing index. The index ranges from 0 to 100, with higher values indicating more rigid regulations.
  • Salaries and benefits > Monthly minimum wage: Monthly minimum wage ( EUR ).
  • Strikes: Strikes five-year average in days not worked per 1000 employees (1996-2000)
  • Female doctors: Female doctors as % of the total - 2000.
  • Labor force per 1000: The total labor force figure. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • GNI > Current US$ per capita: GNI (current US$). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Male retirement age: Men.

    Denmark had range specified: 65-67

    Finland had range specified: 62-68

    Netherlands had range specified: 65-67

    Sweden had range specified: 61-67

    United States had range specified: 62-67

  • Female retirement age: Women.

    China had range specified: 50-55

    Czech Republic had range specified: 59-63

    Denmark had range specified: 65-67

    Finland had range specified: 62-68

    Greece had range specified: 60-67

    Netherlands had range specified: 65-67

    Sweden had range specified: 61-67

    United States had range specified: 62-67

  • Labor force, total per 1000: Labor force, total. Total labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Working mothers: Working proportion of mothers with children under 6 years old 2001
  • Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Both sexes: Percentage of unemployed people out of total population able to work. Workers not able to work due to labor disputes, sickness and childcare do not count towards the percentage. 
  • Firing cost > Weeks of wages: Firing cost is the cost of advance notice requirements, severance payments, and penalties due when terminating a redundant worker, expressed in weekly wages. One month is recorded as 4 1/3 weeks.
  • GNI per capita > Constant LCU: GNI per capita (constant LCU). GNI per capita is gross national income divided by midyear population. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in constant local currency.
  • Expense > Current LCU per capita: Expense (current LCU). Expense is cash payments for operating activities of the government in providing goods and services. It includes compensation of employees (such as wages and salaries), interest and subsidies, grants, social benefits, and other expenses such as rent and dividends. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Employment rate > Women: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Labor force > Total: Total labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organisation definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector."
  • Industrial workers > Male: Proportion of employed males engaged in the industrial sector. Employment by economic activity (%) (most recent year available between 1995 and 2001). Note: As a result of a number of limitations in the data, comparisons of labour statistics over time and across countries should be made with caution. For detailed notes on the data see ILO (2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; 2002. Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002. February 2002; and 2002. Laboursta Database. February 2002). The percentage shares of employment by economic activity may not sum to 100 because of rounding or the omission of activities not classified.
  • Employment rate > Men: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men: Employment-to-population ratio, men, percentage.
  • Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Men: Percentage of unemployed men out of total male population able to work. Men not able to work due to labor disputes, sickness and childcare do not count towards the percentage.
  • Compensation of employees > Current LCU: Compensation of employees consists of all payments in cash, as well as in kind (such as food and housing), to employees in return for services rendered, and government contributions to social insurance schemes such as social security and pensions that provide benefits to employees.
  • Unemployment > Long-term unemployment rate: Long-term unemployment refers to the number of people with continuous periods of unemployment extending for a year or longer, expressed as a percentage of the total unemployed."
  • Force > Total > Per capita: Total labor force comprises people who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Force > Total: Total labor force comprises people who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector.
  • Female decision makers: Female legislators, senior officials and managers (as % of total). Data refer to the latest year available during the period 1991-2000. Those for countries that have implemented the recent International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO-88) are not strictly comparable with those for countries using the previous classification (ISCO-68).
  • Agricultural workers > Female: Proportion of employed females engaged in the agricultural sector. Employment by economic activity (%) (most recent year available between 1995 and 2001). Note: As a result of a number of limitations in the data, comparisons of labour statistics over time and across countries should be made with caution. For detailed notes on the data see ILO (2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; 2002. Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002. February 2002; and 2002. Laboursta Database. February 2002). The percentage shares of employment by economic activity may not sum to 100 because of rounding or the omission of activities not classified.
  • Employment > Percent of population are employees > Women: Number of female self-reported employees (formal or informal), expressed as a percentage of the total female employed population.
  • Employment > Employment share by sector > Industry > Men > Aged above 14: Percent employed in industry.
  • Unemployment > Youth unemployment, both sexes: Percentage of population aged 15-24 that is unemployed. 
  • Unemployment > Regional unemployment > National unemployment rate: Unemployed persons are defined as those who report that they are without work, that they are available for work and that they have taken active steps to find work in the last four weeks preceding the survey. The ILO Guidelines specify what actions count as active steps to find work and these include answering vacancy notices, visiting factories, construction sites and other places of work, and placing advertisements in the press as well as registering with labour offices.

    The unemployment rate is defined as the number of unemployed persons as a percentage of the labour force, where the latter consists of unemployed and employed persons.

    When unemployment is high, some persons become discouraged and stop looking for work. They are then excluded from the labour force so that the unemployment rate may fall, or stop rising, even though there has been no underlying improvement in the labour market.

    The Gini index offers an accurate picture of regional disparities. It looks not only at the regions with the highest and the lowest rates of unemployment but also at the differences among all regions. The index ranges between 0 and 1: the higher its value, the larger the regional disparities. Regional disparities tend to be underestimated when the size of regions is large.

    The youth unemployment rate is defined as the ratio between the unemployed person aged between 15 and 24 and the labour force in the same age group.
  • GNI > Current LCU: GNI (current LCU). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current local currency.
  • Unemployment: Unemployed as proportion of the total labour force. Data for 2000-2002.
  • Employment > Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Women: Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week.

    Self-employed persons include employers, own-account workers, members of producers’ co-operatives, and unpaid family workers. The last of these are unpaid in the sense that they do not have a formal contract to receive a fixed amount of income at regular intervals, but they share in the income generated by the enterprise; unpaid family workers are particularly important in farming and retail trade. Note that all persons who work in corporate enterprises, including company directors, are considered to be employees.

    The rates shown here are the percentages of the self-employed in total civilian employment i.e., total employment less military employees.
  • Female economic activity: Female economic activity rate (aged 15 and above) in 2000.
  • Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Women: Percentage of unemployed women out of total female population able to work. Women not able to work due to labor disputes, sickness and childcare do not count towards the percentage.
  • Self employed > One-person and family businesses > Women: Proportion of own-account and contributing family workers in total employment, women, percentage.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women: Employment-to-population ratio, women, percentage.
  • Labor force > Per capita: The total labor force figure Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Days off work: Number of days not worked for every 1000 salaried employees. Selected OECD countries only. Data for 2000.
  • Industrial workers > Female: Proportion of employed females engaged in the industrial sector. Employment by economic activity (%) (most recent year available between 1995 and 2001). Note: As a result of a number of limitations in the data, comparisons of labour statistics over time and across countries should be made with caution. For detailed notes on the data see ILO (2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; 2002. Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002. February 2002; and 2002. Laboursta Database. February 2002). The percentage shares of employment by economic activity may not sum to 100 because of rounding or the omission of activities not classified.
  • Work Time > More than 40 hours: Percentage of persons in employment working more than 40 hours/week. Data is for 2000.
  • Employment rate > Young adults: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Female professionals: Female professional and technical workers (as % of total)
  • Net income from abroad > Current US$: Net income from abroad (current US$). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Unemployment gender ratio: Female unemployment rate as a % of the male unemployment rate.
  • Part time employment rate > Men > Aged above 14: Percent of males over the age of 14 years who work less than 30 hours a week (either as employees or self-employed) as a percentage of all males in employment.
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ per capita: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Employment > Employment rates by gender > Employment rates > Men: Employment rates are calculated as the ratio of the employed to the working age population. To calculate this employment rate, the population of working age is divided into two groups: those who are employed and those who are not. Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week. Those not in employment consist of persons who are out of work but seeking employment, students and all others who have excluded themselves from the labour force for one reason or another, such as incapacity or the need to look after young children or elderly relatives.

    Working age is generally defined as persons in the 15 to 64 age bracket although in some countries working age is defined as 16 to 64.
  • Rigidity of employment index > 0=less rigid to 100=more rigid: The rigidity of employment index measures the regulation of employment, specifically the hiring and firing of workers and the rigidity of working hours. This index is the average of three subindexes: a difficulty of hiring index, a rigidity of hours index, and a difficulty of firing index. The index ranges from 0 to 100, with higher values indicating more rigid regulations."
  • Employment > Percent of population are employees > Men: Number of male self-reported employees (formal or informal), expressed as a percentage of the total male employed population.
  • Employment > Employment share by sector > Agriculture > Men > Aged above 14: Percent employed in agriculture.
  • Service workers > Male: Proportion of employed males engaged in the service sector. Employment by economic activity (%) (most recent year available between 1995 and 2001). Note: As a result of a number of limitations in the data, comparisons of labour statistics over time and across countries should be made with caution. For detailed notes on the data see ILO (2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; 2002. Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002. February 2002; and 2002. Laboursta Database. February 2002). The percentage shares of employment by economic activity may not sum to 100 because of rounding or the omission of activities not classified.
  • Female economic activity growth: The % change in the female economic activity rate (aged 15 and above) from 1990 to 2000.
  • Self employed > One-person and family businesses > Men: Proportion of own-account and contributing family workers in total employment, men, percentage.
  • Employment rate > Young men: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Employment rate > Young women: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ > Per capita: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Unemployment > Unemployment rates > Unemployment rates > Total: Unemployed persons are defined as those who report that they are without work, that they are available for work and that they have taken active steps to find work in the last four weeks. The ILO Guidelines specify what actions count as active steps to find work and these include answering vacancy notices, visiting factories, construction sites and other places of work, and placing advertisements in the press as well as registering with labour offices.

    The unemployment rate is defined as the number of unemployed persons as a percentage of the labour force, where the latter consists of the unemployed plus those in employment, which are defined as persons who have worked for one hour or more in the last week.

    When unemployment is high, some persons become discouraged and stop looking for work. They are then excluded from the labour force so that the unemployment rate may fall, or stop rising, even though there has been no underlying improvement in the labour market.
  • Employment > Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Total: Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week.

    Self-employed persons include employers, own-account workers, members of producers’ co-operatives, and unpaid family workers. The last of these are unpaid in the sense that they do not have a formal contract to receive a fixed amount of income at regular intervals, but they share in the income generated by the enterprise; unpaid family workers are particularly important in farming and retail trade. Note that all persons who work in corporate enterprises, including company directors, are considered to be employees.

    The rates shown here are the percentages of the self-employed in total civilian employment i.e., total employment less military employees.
  • GDP per person employed > Constant 1990 PPP $: GDP per person employed is gross domestic product (GDP) divided by total employment in the economy. Purchasing power parity (PPP) GDP is GDP converted to 1990 constant international dollars using PPP rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GDP that a U.S. dollar has in the United States.
  • GNI > Constant LCU per capita: GNI (constant LCU). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in constant local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • GNI > Constant LCU: GNI (constant LCU). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in constant local currency.
  • GNI per capita > Constant 2000 US$: GNI per capita (constant 2000 US$). GNI per capita is gross national income divided by midyear population. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars.
  • Service workers > Female: Proportion of employed females engaged in the service sector. Employment by economic activity (%) (most recent year available between 1995 and 2001). Note: As a result of a number of limitations in the data, comparisons of labour statistics over time and across countries should be made with caution. For detailed notes on the data see ILO (2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; 2002. Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002. February 2002; and 2002. Laboursta Database. February 2002). The percentage shares of employment by economic activity may not sum to 100 because of rounding or the omission of activities not classified.
  • Long term unemployment: Long term unemployment as a % of labour force, 2000. Long term implies 12 months or longer.
  • Employment > Employment share by sector > Agriculture > Women > Aged above 14: Percent employed in agriculture.
  • Part time employment rate > Women > Aged above 14: Percent of females over the age of 14 years who work less than 30 hours a week (either as employees or self-employed) as a percentage of all females in employment.
  • Employment > Percent of population are employers > Women: Number of female self-reported employers (self-employed with paid employees), expressed as a percentage of the total female employed population.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women aged 15 to 24: Employment-to-population ratio.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women aged above 14: Employment-to-population ratio.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men aged above 14: Employment-to-population ratio.
  • Unemployment > Youth unemployment, male: Percentage of male population aged 15-24 that is unemployed. 
  • Gender division of housework: Gender Division of Labour Index, 1994 Range = 1.00 (female does all) through 2.50 (equality) to 5.00 (male does all).
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration.
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ > Per $ GDP: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Unemployment > Regional unemployment > National unemployment rate per million: Unemployed persons are defined as those who report that they are without work, that they are available for work and that they have taken active steps to find work in the last four weeks preceding the survey. The ILO Guidelines specify what actions count as active steps to find work and these include answering vacancy notices, visiting factories, construction sites and other places of work, and placing advertisements in the press as well as registering with labour offices.

    The unemployment rate is defined as the number of unemployed persons as a percentage of the labour force, where the latter consists of unemployed and employed persons.

    When unemployment is high, some persons become discouraged and stop looking for work. They are then excluded from the labour force so that the unemployment rate may fall, or stop rising, even though there has been no underlying improvement in the labour market.

    The Gini index offers an accurate picture of regional disparities. It looks not only at the regions with the highest and the lowest rates of unemployment but also at the differences among all regions. The index ranges between 0 and 1: the higher its value, the larger the regional disparities. Regional disparities tend to be underestimated when the size of regions is large.

    The youth unemployment rate is defined as the ratio between the unemployed person aged between 15 and 24 and the labour force in the same age group. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Unemployment > Long-term unemployment > Long-term unemployment: Long-term unemployment is conventionally defined either as those unemployed for 6 months or more or, as here, those unemployed for 12 months or more. The ratios calculated here show the proportion of these long-term unemployed among all unemployed.

    Unemployment is defined in most OECD countries in accordance with the ILO Guidelines. Unemployment is usually measured by household labour force surveys and the unemployed are defined as those persons who report that they have worked in gainful employment for less than one hour in the previous week, who are available for work and who have taken actions to seek employment in the previous four weeks. The ILO Guidelines specify the kinds of actions that count as seeking work.
  • Foreign labor force: Foreign labour force 2000
  • Total work time > Males: Total work time (minutes per day)
  • Employment > Employment share by sector > Services > Men > Aged above 14: Percent employed in services.
  • Employment > Employment share by sector > Industry > Women > Aged above 14: Percent employed in industry.
  • Employment > Percent of population are employers > Men: Number of male self-reported employers (self-employed with paid employees), expressed as a percentage of the total male employed population.
  • Technicians in RandD > Per million people: Technicians in R&D and equivalent staff are people whose main tasks require technical knowledge and experience in engineering, physical and life sciences (technicians), or social sciences and humanities (equivalent staff). They participate in R&D by performing scientific and technical tasks involving the application of concepts and operational methods, normally under the supervision of researchers.
  • Work time > Market-oriented: Classification of market and non-market activities are not strictly based on the 1993 revised UN System of National Accounts, so comparisons between countries and areas must be made with caution.
  • Total work time > Females: Total work time (minutes per day)
  • Minimum Age Convention > 1973 > Ratifications > Minimum age: years
  • Total work time > Females over males: Female total work time as a % of male total work time
  • Employment rate of highly educated women: Employment rate of women aged 25-54, 2000, who are educated upto or more than tertiary level.
  • Unemployment and education > Tertiary: Unemployment rates among people of all ages who are educated to tertiary levels. Data is for 2000.
  • Researchers in labor force: Number of researchers per 10000 in the labour force (1999).
  • Work time > Non-market-oriented: Classification of market and non-market activities are not strictly based on the 1993 revised UN System of National Accounts, so comparisons between countries and areas must be made with caution.
  • Wage and salary workers, male > % of males employed: Wage and salary workers, male (% of males employed). Wage and salaried workers (employees) are those workers who hold the type of jobs defined as "paid employment jobs," where the incumbents hold explicit (written or oral) or implicit employment contracts that give them a basic remuneration that is not directly dependent upon the revenue of the unit for which they work.
  • Contributing family workers, female > % of females employed: Contributing family workers, female (% of females employed). Contributing family workers are those workers who hold u2018self-employment jobsu2019 as own-account workers in a market-oriented establishment operated by a related person living in the same household.
  • Contributing family workers, male > % of males employed: Contributing family workers, male (% of males employed). Contributing family workers are those workers who hold "self-employment jobs" as own-account workers in a market-oriented establishment operated by a related person living in the same household.
  • Contributing family workers, total > % of total employed: Contributing family workers, total (% of total employed). Contributing family workers are those workers who hold "self-employment jobs" as own-account workers in a market-oriented establishment operated by a related person living in the same household.
  • Employees, services, female > % of female employment: Employees, services, female (% of female employment). Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Services correspond to divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G-P (ISIC revision 3) and include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal services.
  • Employees, services, male > % of male employment: Employees, services, male (% of male employment). Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Services correspond to divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G-P (ISIC revision 3) and include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal services.
  • Part time employment, female > % of total part time employment: Part time employment, female (% of total part time employment). Part time employment refers to regular employment in which working time is substantially less than normal. Definitions of part time employment differ by country.
  • Unemployment, male > % of male labor force: Unemployment, male (% of male labor force). Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment, total > % of total labor force: Unemployment, total (% of total labor force). Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Force with primary education > % of total: Labor force with primary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a primary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Force > Total per 1000: Total labor force comprises people who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Employees > Services > Female > % of female employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Services correspond to divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G-P (ISIC revision 3) and include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal services."
  • Employees > Agriculture > Male > % of male employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Agriculture corresponds to division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and includes hunting, forestry, and fishing."
  • Employees > Agriculture > Female > % of female employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Agriculture corresponds to division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and includes hunting, forestry, and fishing."
  • Employment in agriculture > % of total employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Agriculture corresponds to division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and includes hunting, forestry, and fishing."
  • Employment in services > % of total employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Services correspond to divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G-P (ISIC revision 3) and include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal services."
  • Labor participation rate > Total > % of total population ages 15+: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > % of total unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with primary education > Male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with secondary education > Female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
  • Unemployment > Long-term unemployment rate > Female: Long-term unemployment refers to the number of people with continuous periods of unemployment extending for a year or longer, expressed as a percentage of the total unemployed."
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with primary education > Female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > Female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
  • Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Net income from abroad > Current US$, % of GDP: Net income from abroad (current US$). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men aged 15 to 24: Employment-to-population ratio.
  • GNI growth > Annual %: GNI growth (annual %). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad.
  • GNI per capita > Current LCU: GNI per capita (current LCU). GNI per capita is gross national income divided by midyear population. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current local currency.
  • Part time employment, male > % of total male employment: Part time employment, male (% of total male employment). Part time employment refers to regular employment in which working time is substantially less than normal. Definitions of part time employment differ by country.
  • Part time employment, total > % of total employment: Part time employment, total (% of total employment). Part time employment refers to regular employment in which working time is substantially less than normal. Definitions of part time employment differ by country.
  • Unemployment > Male > % of male labor force: Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Force with secondary education > % of total: Labor force with secondary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a secondary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Unemployment > Youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment > Youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Force > Female > % of total labor force: Female labor force as a percentage of the total show the extent to which women are active in the labor force. Labor force comprises all people who meet the International Labour Organization's definition of the economically active population.
  • Employment > Employment rates by gender > Employment rates > Men per million: Employment rates are calculated as the ratio of the employed to the working age population. To calculate this employment rate, the population of working age is divided into two groups: those who are employed and those who are not. Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week. Those not in employment consist of persons who are out of work but seeking employment, students and all others who have excluded themselves from the labour force for one reason or another, such as incapacity or the need to look after young children or elderly relatives.

    Working age is generally defined as persons in the 15 to 64 age bracket although in some countries working age is defined as 16 to 64. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Employment > Part-time employment > Incidence of part-time employment per million: Part-time employment refers to persons who usually work less than 30 hours per week in their main job. Both employees and the self-employed may be part-time workers.

    Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week. The rates shown here refer to the numbers of persons who usually work less than 30 hours per week as a percentage of the total number of those in employment. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Employees > Industry > Female > % of female employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Industry corresponds to divisions 2-5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C-F (ISIC revision 3) and includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, and public utilities (electricity, gas, and water)."
  • Employment > Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Total per million: Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week.

    Self-employed persons include employers, own-account workers, members of producers’ co-operatives, and unpaid family workers. The last of these are unpaid in the sense that they do not have a formal contract to receive a fixed amount of income at regular intervals, but they share in the income generated by the enterprise; unpaid family workers are particularly important in farming and retail trade. Note that all persons who work in corporate enterprises, including company directors, are considered to be employees.

    The rates shown here are the percentages of the self-employed in total civilian employment i.e., total employment less military employees. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Employment > Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Women per million: Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week.

    Self-employed persons include employers, own-account workers, members of producers’ co-operatives, and unpaid family workers. The last of these are unpaid in the sense that they do not have a formal contract to receive a fixed amount of income at regular intervals, but they share in the income generated by the enterprise; unpaid family workers are particularly important in farming and retail trade. Note that all persons who work in corporate enterprises, including company directors, are considered to be employees.

    The rates shown here are the percentages of the self-employed in total civilian employment i.e., total employment less military employees. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Unemployment with tertiary education > % of total unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Unemployment with tertiary education > Male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Net income from abroad > Current US$ per million: Net income from abroad (current US$). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Personal remittances, received > % of GDP: Personal remittances, received (% of GDP). Personal remittances comprise personal transfers and compensation of employees. Personal transfers consist of all current transfers in cash or in kind made or received by resident households to or from nonresident households. Personal transfers thus include all current transfers between resident and nonresident individuals. Compensation of employees refers to the income of border, seasonal, and other short-term workers who are employed in an economy where they are not resident and of residents employed by nonresident entities. Data are the sum of two items defined in the sixth edition of the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual: personal transfers and compensation of employees.
  • Net income from abroad > Current LCU: Net income from abroad (current LCU). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current local currency.
  • Temporary employment share per million: Temporary employment, expressed as a percentage share of total dependent employment. Data for 2000. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Unemployment > Long-term unemployment > Long-term unemployment per million: Long-term unemployment is conventionally defined either as those unemployed for 6 months or more or, as here, those unemployed for 12 months or more. The ratios calculated here show the proportion of these long-term unemployed among all unemployed.

    Unemployment is defined in most OECD countries in accordance with the ILO Guidelines. Unemployment is usually measured by household labour force surveys and the unemployed are defined as those persons who report that they have worked in gainful employment for less than one hour in the previous week, who are available for work and who have taken actions to seek employment in the previous four weeks. The ILO Guidelines specify the kinds of actions that count as seeking work. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Unemployment > Total > % of total labor force: Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment > Regional unemployment > Gini index of regional unemployment rates > Small regions: Unemployed persons are defined as those who report that they are without work, that they are available for work and that they have taken active steps to find work in the last four weeks preceding the survey. The ILO Guidelines specify what actions count as active steps to find work and these include answering vacancy notices, visiting factories, construction sites and other places of work, and placing advertisements in the press as well as registering with labour offices.

    The unemployment rate is defined as the number of unemployed persons as a percentage of the labour force, where the latter consists of unemployed and employed persons.

    When unemployment is high, some persons become discouraged and stop looking for work. They are then excluded from the labour force so that the unemployment rate may fall, or stop rising, even though there has been no underlying improvement in the labour market.

    The Gini index offers an accurate picture of regional disparities. It looks not only at the regions with the highest and the lowest rates of unemployment but also at the differences among all regions. The index ranges between 0 and 1: the higher its value, the larger the regional disparities. Regional disparities tend to be underestimated when the size of regions is large.

    The youth unemployment rate is defined as the ratio between the unemployed person aged between 15 and 24 and the labour force in the same age group.
  • Employment rate of lesser educated women: Employment rate of women aged 25-54, 2000, who are educated lesser than upper secondary level.
  • Unemployment > Female > % of female labor force: Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Long-term unemployment > Female > % of female unemployment: Long-term unemployment refers to the number of people with continuous periods of unemployment extending for a year or longer, expressed as a percentage of the total unemployed.
  • Unemployment and education > Upper secondary: Unemployment rates among people of all ages who are educated upto Upper Secondary levels. Data is for 2000.
  • Long-term unemployment > % of total unemployment: Long-term unemployment refers to the number of people with continuous periods of unemployment extending for a year or longer, expressed as a percentage of the total unemployed.
  • Unemployment with secondary education > Female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Force participation rate > Female > % of female population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-64 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Unemployment > Youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment with secondary education > Male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ > Per capita: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Employers, male > % of employment: Employers, male (% of employment). Employers refers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs" i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced), and, in this capacity, have engaged, on a continuous basis, one or more persons to work for them as employee(s).
  • One-person and family businesses > Women: Percentage of employed women who are self-employed without employees or contribute to a family-run business.
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration.
  • Unemployment > Unemployment > Total > % of total labor force: Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment > Unemployed youths per unemployed adult > Women > Aged 15 to 24: Ratio of youth unemployment rate to adult unemployment rate.
  • Unemployment > Unemployed youths per unemployed adult > Men > Aged 15 to 24: Ratio of youth unemployment rate to adult unemployment rate.
  • Employment > Employment share by sector > Services > Women > Aged above 14: Percent employed in services.
  • Unemployment > Youth unemployment, female: Percentage of female population aged 15-24 that is unemployed.
  • Employment > Working more than 40 hours per week > Women > Aged above 14: Percentage of females above the age of 14 in employment, who work more than 40 hours per week.
  • GNI > Current US$, % of GDP: GNI (current US$). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Subsidies and other transfers > % of expense: Subsidies and other transfers (% of expense). Subsidies, grants, and other social benefits include all unrequited, nonrepayable transfers on current account to private and public enterprises; grants to foreign governments, international organizations, and other government units; and social security, social assistance benefits, and employer social benefits in cash and in kind.
  • Employees, agriculture, female > % of female employment: Employees, agriculture, female (% of female employment). Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Agriculture corresponds to division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and includes hunting, forestry, and fishing.
  • One-person and family businesses > Men > Percentage: Proportion of own-account and contributing family workers in total employment, men, percentage.
  • Force participation rate > Total > % of total population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-64 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Employees, agriculture, male > % of male employment: Employees, agriculture, male (% of male employment). Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Agriculture corresponds to division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and includes hunting, forestry, and fishing.
  • Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, total > %: Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, total (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Employment to population ratio, 15+, total > %: Employment to population ratio, 15+, total (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Vulnerable employment, female > % of female employment: Vulnerable employment, female (% of female employment). Vulnerable employment is unpaid family workers and own-account workers as a percentage of total employment.
  • Vulnerable employment, male > % of male employment: Vulnerable employment, male (% of male employment). Vulnerable employment is unpaid family workers and own-account workers as a percentage of total employment.
  • Wage and salaried workers, female > % of females employed: Wage and salaried workers, female (% of females employed). Wage and salaried workers (employees) are those workers who hold the type of jobs defined as "paid employment jobs," where the incumbents hold explicit (written or oral) or implicit employment contracts that give them a basic remuneration that is not directly dependent upon the revenue of the unit for which they work.
  • Employment in industry > % of total employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Industry corresponds to divisions 2-5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C-F (ISIC revision 3) and includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, and public utilities (electricity, gas, and water)."
  • Unemployment with tertiary education > Female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Net income from abroad > Current LCU per million: Net income from abroad (current LCU). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current local currency. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Long term unemployment > Share: Percentage share of unemployment that lasts longer than 12 months. Data for 2001.
  • Labor force > Female > % of total labor force: Female labor force as a percentage of the total show the extent to which women are active in the labor force. Labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organisation's definition of the economically active population.
  • Share of women employed in the nonagricultural sector > % of total nonagricultural employment: Share of women employed in the nonagricultural sector is the share of female workers in the nonagricultural sector (industry and services), expressed as a percentage of total employment in the nonagricultural sector. Industry includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, electricity, gas, and water, corresponding to divisions 2-5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C-F (ISIC revision 3). Services include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal services-corresponding to divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G-P (ISIC revision 3)."
  • Employment > Part-time employment > Incidence of part-time employment: Part-time employment refers to persons who usually work less than 30 hours per week in their main job. Both employees and the self-employed may be part-time workers.

    Employment is generally measured through household labour force surveys and, according to the ILO Guidelines, employed persons are defined as those aged 15 or over who report that they have worked in gainful employment for at least one hour in the previous week. The rates shown here refer to the numbers of persons who usually work less than 30 hours per week as a percentage of the total number of those in employment.
  • One-person and family businesses > Men: Percentage of employed men who are self-employed without employees or contribute to a family-run business.
  • Employment > Underemployment > Working less than 20 hours per week > Women > Aged above 14: Percentage of females above the age of 14 in employment, who work less than 20 hours/week.
  • Employment > Underemployment > Working less than 20 hours per week > Men > Aged above 14: Percentage of males above the age of 14 in employment, who work less than 20 hours/week.
  • Part time > Part time employment rate > Women: Percentage of country's females over the age of 15 that are employed only part-time.
  • Part time > Part time employment rate > Men: Percentage of country's males over the age of 15 that are employed only part-time.
  • GNI > Current LCU per capita: GNI (current LCU). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Expense > % of GDP: Expense (% of GDP). Expense is cash payments for operating activities of the government in providing goods and services. It includes compensation of employees (such as wages and salaries), interest and subsidies, grants, social benefits, and other expenses such as rent and dividends.
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ > Per $ GDP: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Unemployment > Unemployment rates > Unemployment rates > Total per million: Unemployed persons are defined as those who report that they are without work, that they are available for work and that they have taken active steps to find work in the last four weeks. The ILO Guidelines specify what actions count as active steps to find work and these include answering vacancy notices, visiting factories, construction sites and other places of work, and placing advertisements in the press as well as registering with labour offices.

    The unemployment rate is defined as the number of unemployed persons as a percentage of the labour force, where the latter consists of the unemployed plus those in employment, which are defined as persons who have worked for one hour or more in the last week.

    When unemployment is high, some persons become discouraged and stop looking for work. They are then excluded from the labour force so that the unemployment rate may fall, or stop rising, even though there has been no underlying improvement in the labour market. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, male > %: Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, male (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Employment to population ratio, 15+, female > %: Employment to population ratio, 15+, female (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Employment > Working more than 40 hours per week > Men > Aged above 14: Percentage of males above the age of 14 in employment, who work more than 40 hours per week.
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ per capita: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Force with tertiary education > % of total: Labor force with tertiary education is the proportion of labor force that has a tertiary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Employers, female > % of employment: Employers, female (% of employment). Employers refers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs" i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced), and, in this capacity, have engaged, on a continuous basis, one or more persons to work for them as employee(s).
  • Employers, total > % of employment: Employers, total (% of employment). Employers refers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs" i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced), and, in this capacity, have engaged, on a continuous basis, one or more persons to work for them as employee(s).
  • Self-employed, female > % of females employed: Self-employed, female (% of females employed). Self employed workers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners or in cooperative, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs" (i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced). Self employed workers include three subcategories: employers, own-account workers, and members of producers' cooperatives.
  • Self-employed, male > % of males employed: Self-employed, male (% of males employed). Self employed workers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners or in cooperative, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs" (i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced). Self employed workers include three subcategories: employers, own-account workers, and members of producers' cooperatives.
  • Self-employed, total > % of total employed: Self-employed, total (% of total employed). Self employed workers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners or in cooperative, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs" (i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced). Self employed workers include three subcategories: employers, own-account workers, and members of producers' cooperatives.
  • Employment to population ratio, 15+, male > %: Employment to population ratio, 15+, male (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Vulnerable employment, total > % of total employment: Vulnerable employment, total (% of total employment). Vulnerable employment is unpaid family workers and own-account workers as a percentage of total employment.
  • Force participation rate > Male > % of male population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-64 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Wage and salaried workers, total > % of total employed: Wage and salaried workers, total (% of total employed). Wage and salaried workers (employees) are those workers who hold the type of jobs defined as "paid employment jobs," where the incumbents hold explicit (written or oral) or implicit employment contracts that give them a basic remuneration that is not directly dependent upon the revenue of the unit for which they work.
  • Employees, industry, female > % of female employment: Employees, industry, female (% of female employment). Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Industry corresponds to divisions 2-5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C-F (ISIC revision 3) and includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, and public utilities (electricity, gas, and water).
  • Employees, industry, male > % of male employment: Employees, industry, male (% of male employment). Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Industry corresponds to divisions 2-5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C-F (ISIC revision 3) and includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, and public utilities (electricity, gas, and water).
  • Unemployment, youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24: Unemployment, youth male (% of male labor force ages 15-24). Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment, youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24: Unemployment, youth total (% of total labor force ages 15-24). Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Long-term unemployment, female > % of female unemployment: Long-term unemployment, female (% of female unemployment). Long-term unemployment refers to the number of people with continuous periods of unemployment extending for a year or longer, expressed as a percentage of the total unemployed.
  • Labor force with secondary education > Male > % of male labor force: Labor force with secondary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a secondary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Labor force with primary education > Female > % of female labor force: Labor force with primary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a primary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Labor force with primary education > % of total: Labor force with primary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a primary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Labor force with secondary education > % of total: Labor force with secondary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a secondary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Labor force with primary education > Male > % of male labor force: Labor force with primary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a primary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Labor force with secondary education > Female > % of female labor force: Labor force with secondary education is the proportion of the labor force that has a secondary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Labor force with tertiary education > % of total: Labor force with tertiary education is the proportion of labor force that has a tertiary education, as a percentage of the total labor force."
  • Unemployment benefit as % of GDP: Expenditure on unemployment benefits as % of GDP (Year 1998).
  • Temporary employment share: Temporary employment, expressed as a percentage share of total dependent employment. Data for 2000
  • Net income from abroad > Constant LCU per million: Net income from abroad (constant LCU). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in constant local currency. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Net income from abroad > Constant LCU: Net income from abroad (constant LCU). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in constant local currency.
  • Unemployment, youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24: Unemployment, youth female (% of female labor force ages 15-24). Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Long-term unemployment, male > % of male unemployment: Long-term unemployment, male (% of male unemployment). Long-term unemployment refers to the number of people with continuous periods of unemployment extending for a year or longer, expressed as a percentage of the total unemployed.
  • Unemployment, female > % of female labor force: Unemployment, female (% of female labor force). Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Long-term unemployment > Male > % of male unemployment: Long-term unemployment refers to the number of people with continuous periods of unemployment extending for a year or longer, expressed as a percentage of the total unemployed.
  • Compensation of employees > % of expense: Compensation of employees consists of all payments in cash, as well as in kind (such as food and housing), to employees in return for services rendered, and government contributions to social insurance schemes such as social security and pensions that provide benefits to employees.
  • Unemployment > Regional unemployment > Range in regional unemployment rate > Small regions > Maximum: Unemployed persons are defined as those who report that they are without work, that they are available for work and that they have taken active steps to find work in the last four weeks preceding the survey. The ILO Guidelines specify what actions count as active steps to find work and these include answering vacancy notices, visiting factories, construction sites and other places of work, and placing advertisements in the press as well as registering with labour offices.

    The unemployment rate is defined as the number of unemployed persons as a percentage of the labour force, where the latter consists of unemployed and employed persons.

    When unemployment is high, some persons become discouraged and stop looking for work. They are then excluded from the labour force so that the unemployment rate may fall, or stop rising, even though there has been no underlying improvement in the labour market.

    The Gini index offers an accurate picture of regional disparities. It looks not only at the regions with the highest and the lowest rates of unemployment but also at the differences among all regions. The index ranges between 0 and 1: the higher its value, the larger the regional disparities. Regional disparities tend to be underestimated when the size of regions is large.

    The youth unemployment rate is defined as the ratio between the unemployed person aged between 15 and 24 and the labour force in the same age group.
  • Unemployment > Regional unemployment > Range in regional unemployment rate > Small regions > Minimum: Unemployed persons are defined as those who report that they are without work, that they are available for work and that they have taken active steps to find work in the last four weeks preceding the survey. The ILO Guidelines specify what actions count as active steps to find work and these include answering vacancy notices, visiting factories, construction sites and other places of work, and placing advertisements in the press as well as registering with labour offices.

    The unemployment rate is defined as the number of unemployed persons as a percentage of the labour force, where the latter consists of unemployed and employed persons.

    When unemployment is high, some persons become discouraged and stop looking for work. They are then excluded from the labour force so that the unemployment rate may fall, or stop rising, even though there has been no underlying improvement in the labour market.

    The Gini index offers an accurate picture of regional disparities. It looks not only at the regions with the highest and the lowest rates of unemployment but also at the differences among all regions. The index ranges between 0 and 1: the higher its value, the larger the regional disparities. Regional disparities tend to be underestimated when the size of regions is large.

    The youth unemployment rate is defined as the ratio between the unemployed person aged between 15 and 24 and the labour force in the same age group.
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > Male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
STAT Netherlands United Kingdom HISTORY
Agricultural workers > Male 4%
Ranked 67th. Twice as much as United Kingdom
2%
Ranked 76th.
Employment rate > Adults 59.3
Ranked 73th. 5% more than United Kingdom
56.3
Ranked 94th.

Expense > Current LCU 268.14 billion
Ranked 55th.
671.66 billion
Ranked 37th. 3 times more than Netherlands

GNI > Current US$ $777.83 billion
Ranked 19th.
$2.46 trillion
Ranked 7th. 3 times more than Netherlands

Hours worked > Standard workweek 40 hours
Ranked 167th. 5% more than United Kingdom
38.2 hours
Ranked 176th.
Labor force 7.86 million
Ranked 50th.
31.45 million
Ranked 18th. 4 times more than Netherlands

Labor force > By occupation agriculture 4%, industry 23%, services 73% agriculture 1.5%, industry 19.1%, services 79.5%
Labor force > By occupation > Agriculture 3%
Ranked 39th. 2 times more than United Kingdom
1.4%
Ranked 27th.

Labor force > By occupation > Industry 21%
Ranked 28th. 15% more than United Kingdom
18.2%
Ranked 16th.

Labor force > By occupation > Services 76%
Ranked 5th.
80.4%
Ranked 1st. 6% more than Netherlands

Labor force, total 11.58 million
Ranked 46th.
32.38 million
Ranked 19th. 3 times more than Netherlands

Salaries and benefits > Hourly minimum wage $8.53
Ranked 7th. 9% more than United Kingdom
$7.81
Ranked 8th.

Salaries and benefits > Minimum wage url= http://www.rijksoverheid.nl/onderwerpen/minimumloon/vraag-en-antwoord/hoe-hoog-is-het-minimumloon.html |title=Hoe hoog is het minimumloon? | Vraag en antwoord |publisher=Rijksoverheid.nl |date=2012-12-20 |accessdate=2014-03-04}}</ref> \u00a3 6.31 per hour (aged 21 and older), \u00a35.03 per hour (aged 18\u201320) or \u00a33.72 per hour (under 18 and finished compulsory education).
Trade union membership 25%
Ranked 13th.
29%
Ranked 10th. 16% more than Netherlands
Unemployment rate 5.5%
Ranked 70th.
7.9%
Ranked 47th. 44% more than Netherlands

Rigidity of employment index 42
Ranked 69th. 3 times more than United Kingdom
14
Ranked 146th.

Salaries and benefits > Monthly minimum wage 1,477.8 EUR
Ranked 5th. 14% more than United Kingdom
1,293.22 EUR
Ranked 8th.
Strikes 4
Ranked 23th.
22
Ranked 16th. 6 times more than Netherlands
Female doctors 35.1%
Ranked 6th. 2% more than United Kingdom
34.5%
Ranked 8th.
Labor force per 1000 473.06
Ranked 48th.
505.05
Ranked 32nd. 7% more than Netherlands

GNI > Current US$ per capita $46,388.34
Ranked 12th. 19% more than United Kingdom
$38,975.52
Ranked 18th.

Male retirement age 66
Ranked 1st. 2% more than United Kingdom
65
Ranked 6th.
Female retirement age 66
Ranked 1st. 10% more than United Kingdom
60
Ranked 16th.
Labor force, total per 1000 690.48
Ranked 2nd. 35% more than United Kingdom
512.08
Ranked 41st.

Working mothers 66%
Ranked 5th. 20% more than United Kingdom
55%
Ranked 12th.
Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Both sexes 61.9%
Ranked 17th. 7% more than United Kingdom
58.1%
Ranked 36th.

Firing cost > Weeks of wages 17.3 weeks of wages
Ranked 135th.
22.1 weeks of wages
Ranked 122nd. 28% more than Netherlands

GNI per capita > Constant LCU 32,958.1
Ranked 54th. 59% more than United Kingdom
20,722.73
Ranked 69th.

Expense > Current LCU per capita 16,062.77
Ranked 50th. 50% more than United Kingdom
10,703.34
Ranked 64th.

Employment rate > Women 52.3
Ranked 55th. 5% more than United Kingdom
49.9
Ranked 67th.

Labor force > Total 8.93 million
Ranked 49th.
31.49 million
Ranked 18th. 4 times more than Netherlands

Industrial workers > Male 31%
Ranked 43th.
36%
Ranked 22nd. 16% more than Netherlands
Employment rate > Men 66.9
Ranked 95th. 6% more than United Kingdom
63.1
Ranked 118th.

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men 67.6%
Ranked 27th. 6% more than United Kingdom
63.8%
Ranked 39th.

Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Men 67.6%
Ranked 27th. 6% more than United Kingdom
63.8%
Ranked 39th.

Compensation of employees > Current LCU 17068000000 74329000000
Unemployment > Long-term unemployment rate 36.3
Ranked 16th. 42% more than United Kingdom
25.5
Ranked 23th.

Force > Total > Per capita 0.528 per capita
Ranked 18th. 4% more than United Kingdom
0.509 per capita
Ranked 29th.

Force > Total 8.61 million
Ranked 49th.
30.64 million
Ranked 17th. 4 times more than Netherlands

Female decision makers 27%
Ranked 36th.
33%
Ranked 20th. 22% more than Netherlands
Agricultural workers > Female 2%
Ranked 60th. Twice as much as United Kingdom
1%
Ranked 73th.
Employment > Percent of population are employees > Women 90.8%
Ranked 18th.
92.2%
Ranked 13th. 2% more than Netherlands

Employment > Employment share by sector > Industry > Men > Aged above 14 29.6%
Ranked 46th.
33%
Ranked 32nd. 11% more than Netherlands

Unemployment > Youth unemployment, both sexes 7.7%
Ranked 65th.
20%
Ranked 31st. 3 times more than Netherlands

Unemployment > Regional unemployment > National unemployment rate 3.91%
Ranked 23th.
5.38%
Ranked 16th. 38% more than Netherlands
GNI > Current LCU 604.99 billion
Ranked 92nd.
1.56 trillion
Ranked 71st. 3 times more than Netherlands

Unemployment 2.6%
Ranked 17th.
5.3%
Ranked 9th. 2 times more than Netherlands
Employment > Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Women 9.73%
Ranked 16th. 19% more than United Kingdom
8.18%
Ranked 20th.
Female economic activity 45.4%
Ranked 106th.
52.8%
Ranked 79th. 16% more than Netherlands
Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Women 56.4%
Ranked 16th. 7% more than United Kingdom
52.7%
Ranked 23th.

Self employed > One-person and family businesses > Women 9.5%
Ranked 26th. 20% more than United Kingdom
7.9%
Ranked 30th.

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women 56.4%
Ranked 16th. 7% more than United Kingdom
52.7%
Ranked 23th.

Labor force > Per capita 458.88 per 1,000 people
Ranked 75th.
508.26 per 1,000 people
Ranked 43th. 11% more than Netherlands

Days off work 1 days
Ranked 20th.
21 days
Ranked 14th. 21 times more than Netherlands
Industrial workers > Female 9%
Ranked 73th.
12%
Ranked 50th. 33% more than Netherlands
Work Time > More than 40 hours 36.9%
Ranked 13th.
49.8%
Ranked 9th. 35% more than Netherlands
Employment rate > Young adults 66.8
Ranked 10th. 20% more than United Kingdom
55.8
Ranked 30th.

Female professionals 46%
Ranked 46th. 2% more than United Kingdom
45%
Ranked 51st.
Net income from abroad > Current US$ $7.27 billion
Ranked 11th.
$-7,458,135,860.98
Ranked 138th.

Unemployment gender ratio 161%
Ranked 5th. 2 times more than United Kingdom
79%
Ranked 29th.
Part time employment rate > Men > Aged above 14 15.3%
Ranked 2nd. 53% more than United Kingdom
10%
Ranked 8th.

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ per capita 347.92$
Ranked 10th. 7 times more than United Kingdom
51.26$
Ranked 47th.

Employment > Employment rates by gender > Employment rates > Men 79.99%
Ranked 8th. 2% more than United Kingdom
78.44%
Ranked 11th.
Rigidity of employment index > 0=less rigid to 100=more rigid 42
Ranked 37th. 4 times more than United Kingdom
10
Ranked 141st.

Employment > Percent of population are employees > Men 85.9%
Ranked 10th. 4% more than United Kingdom
82.4%
Ranked 24th.

Employment > Employment share by sector > Agriculture > Men > Aged above 14 3.9%
Ranked 57th. 2 times more than United Kingdom
1.9%
Ranked 66th.

Service workers > Male 63%
Ranked 10th. 3% more than United Kingdom
61%
Ranked 17th.
Female economic activity growth 5%
Ranked 68th. The same as United Kingdom
5%
Ranked 65th.
Self employed > One-person and family businesses > Men 12.6%
Ranked 28th.
14.9%
Ranked 25th. 18% more than Netherlands

Employment rate > Young men 67.5
Ranked 18th. 19% more than United Kingdom
56.6
Ranked 45th.

Employment rate > Young women 66.1
Ranked 13th. 20% more than United Kingdom
55
Ranked 21st.

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ > Per capita 347,919.86$ per 1,000 people
Ranked 11th. 7 times more than United Kingdom
51,256.51$ per 1,000 people
Ranked 48th.

Unemployment > Unemployment rates > Unemployment rates > Total 3.2%
Ranked 28th.
5.3%
Ranked 15th. 66% more than Netherlands
Employment > Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Total 12.39%
Ranked 21st.
13.8%
Ranked 13th. 11% more than Netherlands
GDP per person employed > Constant 1990 PPP $ $47,017.00
Ranked 14th.
$51,697.00
Ranked 8th. 10% more than Netherlands

GNI > Constant LCU per capita 32,958.1
Ranked 54th. 59% more than United Kingdom
20,722.73
Ranked 70th.

GNI > Constant LCU 552.63 billion
Ranked 60th.
1.31 trillion
Ranked 47th. 2 times more than Netherlands

GNI per capita > Constant 2000 US$ $40,986.55
Ranked 8th. 9% more than United Kingdom
$37,677.83
Ranked 14th.

Service workers > Female 84%
Ranked 20th.
87%
Ranked 6th. 4% more than Netherlands
Long term unemployment 0.9%
Ranked 20th.
1.5%
Ranked 15th. 67% more than Netherlands
Employment > Employment share by sector > Agriculture > Women > Aged above 14 2%
Ranked 51st. 3 times more than United Kingdom
0.7%
Ranked 63th.

Part time employment rate > Women > Aged above 14 60.9%
Ranked 1st. 55% more than United Kingdom
39.3%
Ranked 6th.

Employment > Percent of population are employers > Women 8.2%
Ranked 4th. 12% more than United Kingdom
7.3%
Ranked 5th.

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women aged 15 to 24 66.5%
Ranked 10th. 15% more than United Kingdom
57.9%
Ranked 24th.

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women aged above 14 53%
Ranked 52nd. The same as United Kingdom
53%
Ranked 51st.

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men aged above 14 69.1%
Ranked 100th. 5% more than United Kingdom
65.6%
Ranked 122nd.

Unemployment > Youth unemployment, male 7.5%
Ranked 64th.
22%
Ranked 28th. 3 times more than Netherlands

Gender division of housework 2.04
Ranked 8th.
2.11
Ranked 6th. 3% more than Netherlands
Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ 5.68 billion$
Ranked 10th. 84% more than United Kingdom
3.09 billion$
Ranked 14th.

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ > Per $ GDP 9.1$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 47th. 6 times more than United Kingdom
1.4$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 109th.

Unemployment > Regional unemployment > National unemployment rate per million 0.236%
Ranked 18th. 3 times more than United Kingdom
0.0871%
Ranked 26th.
Unemployment > Long-term unemployment > Long-term unemployment 41.75%
Ranked 10th. 69% more than United Kingdom
24.74%
Ranked 19th.
Foreign labor force 3.4%
Ranked 15th.
3.7%
Ranked 12th. 9% more than Netherlands
Total work time > Males 315 minutes
Ranked 28th.
411 minutes
Ranked 17th. 30% more than Netherlands
Employment > Employment share by sector > Services > Men > Aged above 14 62.4%
Ranked 17th.
64.8%
Ranked 8th. 4% more than Netherlands

Employment > Employment share by sector > Industry > Women > Aged above 14 8.3%
Ranked 66th.
9.4%
Ranked 60th. 13% more than Netherlands

Employment > Percent of population are employers > Men 13.9%
Ranked 6th.
17.3%
Ranked 3rd. 24% more than Netherlands

Technicians in RandD > Per million people 1,725.34 per million people
Ranked 5th. 70% more than United Kingdom
1,013.9 per million people
Ranked 3rd.

Work time > Market-oriented 48%
Ranked 23th.
51%
Ranked 14th. 6% more than Netherlands
Total work time > Females 308 minutes
Ranked 29th.
413 minutes
Ranked 22nd. 34% more than Netherlands
Minimum Age Convention > 1973 > Ratifications > Minimum age 15
Ranked 93th.
16
Ranked 25th. 7% more than Netherlands
Total work time > Females over males 98%
Ranked 26th.
100%
Ranked 24th. 2% more than Netherlands
Employment rate of highly educated women 86.6%
Ranked 5th. About the same as United Kingdom
86.4%
Ranked 7th.
Unemployment and education > Tertiary 1.8%
Ranked 16th.
2.1%
Ranked 12th. 17% more than Netherlands
Researchers in labor force 50 per 10000 people
Ranked 15th.
55 per 10000 people
Ranked 11th. 10% more than Netherlands
Work time > Non-market-oriented 52%
Ranked 7th. 6% more than United Kingdom
49%
Ranked 12th.
Wage and salary workers, male > % of males employed 81.5%
Ranked 22nd. 1% more than United Kingdom
80.6%
Ranked 25th.

Contributing family workers, female > % of females employed 0.9%
Ranked 41st. 80% more than United Kingdom
0.5%
Ranked 51st.

Contributing family workers, male > % of males employed 0.3%
Ranked 49th. The same as United Kingdom
0.3%
Ranked 51st.

Contributing family workers, total > % of total employed 0.6%
Ranked 45th. 50% more than United Kingdom
0.4%
Ranked 54th.

Employees, services, female > % of female employment 83.8%
Ranked 28th.
90.9%
Ranked 8th. 8% more than Netherlands

Employees, services, male > % of male employment 60.9%
Ranked 23th.
68.6%
Ranked 6th. 13% more than Netherlands

Part time employment, female > % of total part time employment 71.7%
Ranked 14th.
73.8%
Ranked 10th. 3% more than Netherlands

Unemployment, male > % of male labor force 5.3%
Ranked 59th.
8.4%
Ranked 36th. 58% more than Netherlands

Unemployment, total > % of total labor force 5.3%
Ranked 63th.
7.9%
Ranked 40th. 49% more than Netherlands

Force with primary education > % of total 30.9%
Ranked 14th. 77% more than United Kingdom
17.5%
Ranked 28th.

Force > Total per 1000 527.66
Ranked 18th. 4% more than United Kingdom
508.85
Ranked 33th.

Employees > Services > Female > % of female employment 85.2%
Ranked 13th.
89.8%
Ranked 2nd. 5% more than Netherlands

Employees > Agriculture > Male > % of male employment 3.4%
Ranked 23th. 79% more than United Kingdom
1.9%
Ranked 29th.

Employees > Agriculture > Female > % of female employment 1.7%
Ranked 20th. 2 times more than United Kingdom
0.8%
Ranked 27th.

Employment in agriculture > % of total employment 2.7%
Ranked 22nd. 93% more than United Kingdom
1.4%
Ranked 28th.

Employment in services > % of total employment 73.1%
Ranked 5th.
76.9%
Ranked 2nd. 5% more than Netherlands

Labor participation rate > Total > % of total population ages 15+ 66.2%
Ranked 71st. 6% more than United Kingdom
62.2%
Ranked 105th.

Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > % of total unemployment 17%
Ranked 35th. 19% more than United Kingdom
14.3%
Ranked 41st.

Unemployment > Unemployment with primary education > Male > % of male unemployment 41.3%
Ranked 26th. 5% more than United Kingdom
39.4%
Ranked 29th.

Unemployment > Unemployment with secondary education > Female > % of female unemployment 40.8%
Ranked 39th.
49.4%
Ranked 23th. 21% more than Netherlands

Unemployment > Long-term unemployment rate > Female 34.4
Ranked 18th. 87% more than United Kingdom
18.4
Ranked 24th.

Unemployment > Unemployment with primary education > Female > % of female unemployment 42%
Ranked 18th. 21% more than United Kingdom
34.6%
Ranked 26th.

Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > Female > % of female unemployment 15.3%
Ranked 42nd.
15.6%
Ranked 40th. 2% more than Netherlands

Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24 8.1%
Ranked 32nd.
12.7%
Ranked 21st. 57% more than Netherlands

Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24 7.3%
Ranked 32nd.
15%
Ranked 17th. 2 times more than Netherlands

Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24 6.5%
Ranked 35th.
17%
Ranked 13th. 3 times more than Netherlands

Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention > Ratifications > Date December 22, 1993 June 30, 1950
Net income from abroad > Current US$, % of GDP 0.941%
Ranked 27th.
-0.306%
Ranked 44th.

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men aged 15 to 24 71%
Ranked 7th. 17% more than United Kingdom
60.5%
Ranked 42nd.

GNI growth > Annual % -0.644%
Ranked 93th.
-1.472%
Ranked 100th. 2 times more than Netherlands

GNI per capita > Current LCU 36,080.85
Ranked 101st. 46% more than United Kingdom
24,671.5
Ranked 120th.

Part time employment, male > % of total male employment 26.2%
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than United Kingdom
11.7%
Ranked 13th.

Part time employment, total > % of total employment 49.8%
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than United Kingdom
24.1%
Ranked 5th.

Unemployment > Male > % of male labor force 4.1%
Ranked 77th.
5%
Ranked 57th. 22% more than Netherlands

Force with secondary education > % of total 45.2%
Ranked 19th.
47.4%
Ranked 16th. 5% more than Netherlands

Unemployment > Youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24 9.5%
Ranked 48th.
13.4%
Ranked 36th. 41% more than Netherlands

Unemployment > Youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24 9.6%
Ranked 46th.
11.8%
Ranked 40th. 23% more than Netherlands

Force > Female > % of total labor force 44.18%
Ranked 70th.
45.99%
Ranked 51st. 4% more than Netherlands

Employment > Employment rates by gender > Employment rates > Men per million 4.84%
Ranked 17th. 4 times more than United Kingdom
1.27%
Ranked 23th.
Employment > Part-time employment > Incidence of part-time employment per million 1.94%
Ranked 8th. 5 times more than United Kingdom
0.372%
Ranked 17th.
Employees > Industry > Female > % of female employment 7.7%
Ranked 28th.
9.1%
Ranked 26th. 18% more than Netherlands

Employment > Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Total per million 0.75%
Ranked 17th. 3 times more than United Kingdom
0.223%
Ranked 26th.
Employment > Self-employment > Self-employment rates > Women per million 0.589%
Ranked 18th. 4 times more than United Kingdom
0.132%
Ranked 25th.
Unemployment with tertiary education > % of total unemployment 17.4%
Ranked 33th. 19% more than United Kingdom
14.6%
Ranked 37th.

Unemployment with tertiary education > Male > % of male unemployment 19.2%
Ranked 21st. 27% more than United Kingdom
15.1%
Ranked 29th.

Net income from abroad > Current US$ per million $433.60 million
Ranked 14th.
$-117,957,104.01
Ranked 96th.

Personal remittances, received > % of GDP 0.21%
Ranked 114th. 3 times more than United Kingdom
0.0718%
Ranked 132nd.

Net income from abroad > Current LCU 5.66 billion
Ranked 19th.
-4,721,000,000
Ranked 82nd.

Temporary employment share per million 0.867%
Ranked 13th. 8 times more than United Kingdom
0.114%
Ranked 25th.
Unemployment > Long-term unemployment > Long-term unemployment per million 2.53%
Ranked 14th. 6 times more than United Kingdom
0.4%
Ranked 25th.
Unemployment > Total > % of total labor force 4.3%
Ranked 80th.
4.6%
Ranked 64th. 7% more than Netherlands

Unemployment > Regional unemployment > Gini index of regional unemployment rates > Small regions 0.113 Year 2006
Ranked 25th.
0.183 Year 2006
Ranked 15th. 61% more than Netherlands
Employment rate of lesser educated women 53.4%
Ranked 12th. 7% more than United Kingdom
49.7%
Ranked 15th.
Unemployment > Female > % of female labor force 4.4%
Ranked 75th. 5% more than United Kingdom
4.2%
Ranked 64th.

Long-term unemployment > Female > % of female unemployment 28.1%
Ranked 15th. 64% more than United Kingdom
17.1%
Ranked 21st.

Unemployment and education > Upper secondary 2.1%
Ranked 17th.
4.5%
Ranked 10th. 2 times more than Netherlands
Long-term unemployment > % of total unemployment 29.2%
Ranked 15th. 27% more than United Kingdom
23%
Ranked 20th.

Unemployment with secondary education > Female > % of female unemployment 38.3%
Ranked 47th.
47.2%
Ranked 29th. 23% more than Netherlands

Force participation rate > Female > % of female population ages 15-64 69.55%
Ranked 37th. About the same as United Kingdom
69.34%
Ranked 38th.

Unemployment > Youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24 9.7%
Ranked 47th.
10%
Ranked 43th. 3% more than Netherlands

Unemployment with secondary education > Male > % of male unemployment 32.3%
Ranked 47th.
42.7%
Ranked 30th. 32% more than Netherlands

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ > Per capita 136.46$ per capita
Ranked 45th. 22% more than United Kingdom
111.61$ per capita
Ranked 53th.

Employers, male > % of employment 5.4%
Ranked 29th. 54% more than United Kingdom
3.5%
Ranked 52nd.

One-person and family businesses > Women 9.5%
Ranked 26th. 20% more than United Kingdom
7.9%
Ranked 30th.

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ 2.23 billion$
Ranked 32nd.
6.72 billion$
Ranked 8th. 3 times more than Netherlands

Unemployment > Unemployment > Total > % of total labor force 2.8%
Ranked 64th.
5.6%
Ranked 46th. Twice as much as Netherlands

Minimum Age Convention > 1973 > Ratifications > Date September 14, 1976 June 7, 2000
Unemployment > Unemployed youths per unemployed adult > Women > Aged 15 to 24 2.1 ratio
Ranked 49th.
3.3 ratio
Ranked 12th. 57% more than Netherlands

Unemployment > Unemployed youths per unemployed adult > Men > Aged 15 to 24 2.3
Ranked 53th.
3.7
Ranked 13th. 61% more than Netherlands

Employment > Employment share by sector > Services > Women > Aged above 14 85.6%
Ranked 19th.
89.6%
Ranked 4th. 5% more than Netherlands

Unemployment > Youth unemployment, female 7.8%
Ranked 65th.
17.7%
Ranked 41st. 2 times more than Netherlands

Employment > Working more than 40 hours per week > Women > Aged above 14 11.2%
Ranked 28th.
27.3%
Ranked 22nd. 2 times more than Netherlands

GNI > Current US$, % of GDP 100.73%
Ranked 40th.
101.2%
Ranked 35th. About the same as Netherlands

Subsidies and other transfers > % of expense 80.66%
Ranked 2nd. 50% more than United Kingdom
53.75%
Ranked 39th.

Employees, agriculture, female > % of female employment 1.5%
Ranked 59th. 2 times more than United Kingdom
0.7%
Ranked 56th.

One-person and family businesses > Men > Percentage 12.6%
Ranked 28th.
14.9%
Ranked 25th. 18% more than Netherlands

Employment rate > Source / date of > Information 2003 OECD . 2003 OECD .
Force participation rate > Total > % of total population ages 15-64 77.16%
Ranked 33th. 2% more than United Kingdom
75.56%
Ranked 41st.

Employees, agriculture, male > % of male employment 3.3%
Ranked 64th. 2 times more than United Kingdom
1.6%
Ranked 57th.

Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, total > % 63.2%
Ranked 12th. 37% more than United Kingdom
46.3%
Ranked 55th.

Employment to population ratio, 15+, total > % 61.3%
Ranked 71st. 7% more than United Kingdom
57.1%
Ranked 100th.

Vulnerable employment, female > % of female employment 9.7%
Ranked 37th. 17% more than United Kingdom
8.3%
Ranked 42nd.

Vulnerable employment, male > % of male employment 13.1%
Ranked 41st.
15.4%
Ranked 36th. 18% more than Netherlands

Wage and salaried workers, female > % of females employed 88.3%
Ranked 26th.
90%
Ranked 20th. 2% more than Netherlands

Employment in industry > % of total employment 18.2%
Ranked 26th.
21.4%
Ranked 24th. 18% more than Netherlands

Unemployment with tertiary education > Female > % of female unemployment 15.6%
Ranked 38th. 13% more than United Kingdom
13.8%
Ranked 38th.

Net income from abroad > Current LCU per million 337.26 million
Ranked 26th.
-74,666,846.841
Ranked 46th.

Long term unemployment > Share 43.5%
Ranked 10th. 57% more than United Kingdom
27.7%
Ranked 14th.
Labor force > Female > % of total labor force 45.46%
Ranked 66th.
45.66%
Ranked 62nd. About the same as Netherlands

Share of women employed in the nonagricultural sector > % of total nonagricultural employment 47.3%
Ranked 33th.
52.2%
Ranked 7th. 10% more than Netherlands

Employment > Part-time employment > Incidence of part-time employment 32.14%
Ranked 1st. 40% more than United Kingdom
22.98%
Ranked 4th.
One-person and family businesses > Men 12.6%
Ranked 28th.
14.9%
Ranked 25th. 18% more than Netherlands

Employment > Underemployment > Working less than 20 hours per week > Women > Aged above 14 33.5%
Ranked 1st. 61% more than United Kingdom
20.8%
Ranked 5th.

Employment > Underemployment > Working less than 20 hours per week > Men > Aged above 14 10.8%
Ranked 1st. 89% more than United Kingdom
5.7%
Ranked 7th.

Part time > Part time employment rate > Women 60.9%
Ranked 1st. 55% more than United Kingdom
39.3%
Ranked 6th.

Part time > Part time employment rate > Men 15.3%
Ranked 2nd. 53% more than United Kingdom
10%
Ranked 8th.

GNI > Current LCU per capita 36,080.85
Ranked 101st. 46% more than United Kingdom
24,671.5
Ranked 121st.

Expense > % of GDP 44.76%
Ranked 6th. 2% more than United Kingdom
43.7%
Ranked 9th.

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ > Per $ GDP 3.57$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 119th. 17% more than United Kingdom
3.06$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 122nd.

Unemployment > Unemployment rates > Unemployment rates > Total per million 0.194%
Ranked 19th. 2 times more than United Kingdom
0.0857%
Ranked 26th.
Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, male > % 62.2%
Ranked 22nd. 34% more than United Kingdom
46.4%
Ranked 81st.

Employment to population ratio, 15+, female > % 55.7%
Ranked 55th. 8% more than United Kingdom
51.6%
Ranked 68th.

Employment > Working more than 40 hours per week > Men > Aged above 14 49.6%
Ranked 24th.
65%
Ranked 20th. 31% more than Netherlands

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ per capita 136.46$
Ranked 44th. 22% more than United Kingdom
111.62$
Ranked 50th.

Force with tertiary education > % of total 23.5%
Ranked 21st.
26.8%
Ranked 13th. 14% more than Netherlands

Employers, female > % of employment 2%
Ranked 31st. 43% more than United Kingdom
1.4%
Ranked 48th.

Employers, total > % of employment 3.8%
Ranked 33th. 52% more than United Kingdom
2.5%
Ranked 55th.

Self-employed, female > % of females employed 11.7%
Ranked 40th. 21% more than United Kingdom
9.7%
Ranked 46th.

Self-employed, male > % of males employed 18.5%
Ranked 44th.
18.8%
Ranked 43th. 2% more than Netherlands

Self-employed, total > % of total employed 15.3%
Ranked 48th. 5% more than United Kingdom
14.6%
Ranked 49th.

Employment to population ratio, 15+, male > % 67.2%
Ranked 103th. 7% more than United Kingdom
63%
Ranked 124th.

Vulnerable employment, total > % of total employment 11.5%
Ranked 43th.
12.1%
Ranked 41st. 5% more than Netherlands

Force participation rate > Male > % of male population ages 15-64 84.52%
Ranked 59th. 3% more than United Kingdom
81.86%
Ranked 98th.

Wage and salaried workers, total > % of total employed 84.7%
Ranked 22nd.
85%
Ranked 19th. About the same as Netherlands

Employees, industry, female > % of female employment 6%
Ranked 69th.
7.6%
Ranked 52nd. 27% more than Netherlands

Employees, industry, male > % of male employment 23.3%
Ranked 55th.
28.7%
Ranked 35th. 23% more than Netherlands

Unemployment, youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24 8.9%
Ranked 65th.
23.8%
Ranked 27th. 3 times more than Netherlands

Unemployment, youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24 9.5%
Ranked 64th.
21%
Ranked 32nd. 2 times more than Netherlands

Long-term unemployment, female > % of female unemployment 1.7%
Ranked 35th.
2.2%
Ranked 32nd. 29% more than Netherlands

Labor force with secondary education > Male > % of male labor force 30.2%
Ranked 41st.
45.6%
Ranked 27th. 51% more than Netherlands

Labor force with primary education > Female > % of female labor force 61.7%
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than United Kingdom
19%
Ranked 33th.

Labor force with primary education > % of total 60.9%
Ranked 6th. 3 times more than United Kingdom
21.5%
Ranked 32nd.

Labor force with secondary education > % of total 30.5%
Ranked 42nd.
45.9%
Ranked 25th. 50% more than Netherlands

Labor force with primary education > Male > % of male labor force 60.2%
Ranked 7th. 3 times more than United Kingdom
23.5%
Ranked 30th.

Labor force with secondary education > Female > % of female labor force 31%
Ranked 40th.
46.2%
Ranked 25th. 49% more than Netherlands

Labor force with tertiary education > % of total 3.3%
Ranked 58th.
31.9%
Ranked 16th. 10 times more than Netherlands

Unemployment benefit as % of GDP 2.6% of GDP
Ranked 2nd. 9 times more than United Kingdom
0.3% of GDP
Ranked 17th.
Temporary employment share 13.8%
Ranked 9th. 2 times more than United Kingdom
6.7%
Ranked 21st.
Net income from abroad > Constant LCU per million 308.11 million
Ranked 17th.
-62,713,464.038
Ranked 30th.

Net income from abroad > Constant LCU 5.17 billion
Ranked 14th.
-3,965,217,178.015
Ranked 45th.

Unemployment, youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24 10%
Ranked 62nd.
17.9%
Ranked 43th. 79% more than Netherlands

Long-term unemployment, male > % of male unemployment 1.8%
Ranked 36th.
3.1%
Ranked 26th. 72% more than Netherlands

Unemployment, female > % of female labor force 5.2%
Ranked 64th.
7.3%
Ranked 50th. 40% more than Netherlands

Long-term unemployment > Male > % of male unemployment 30.1%
Ranked 15th. 14% more than United Kingdom
26.5%
Ranked 18th.

Compensation of employees > % of expense 8.49%
Ranked 69th.
14.97%
Ranked 51st. 76% more than Netherlands

Unemployment > Regional unemployment > Range in regional unemployment rate > Small regions > Maximum 5.16%
Ranked 26th.
10.14%
Ranked 15th. 96% more than Netherlands
Unemployment > Regional unemployment > Range in regional unemployment rate > Small regions > Minimum 2.67%
Ranked 18th. 65% more than United Kingdom
1.62%
Ranked 25th.
Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > Male > % of male unemployment 18.2%
Ranked 27th. 37% more than United Kingdom
13.3%
Ranked 36th.

SOURCES: ILO (International Labour Organization). 2002. Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002. February 2002; International Labour Organisation, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.; International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators.; World Bank national accounts data; Wikipedia: List of minimum wages by country (Countries) ("Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2013" . State.gov . Retrieved 2014-03-04 .); CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.; Wikipedia: List of minimum wages by country (Countries); Figures are from the OECD. The figures are from EIRO for France, Ireland and Italy; World Development Indicators database; Wikipedia: List of sovereign states in Europe by minimum wage (Minimum wages by country); OECD; OECD Health Data 2002 (CD ROM) available year for Australia, Japan = 1998; Denmark = 1995; 1980 figures for Canada and France are interpolated; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank national accounts data. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: Retirement age (Retirement age); International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. 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Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development). 2001. Employment Outlook. Paris; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Jeanne A. Batalova and Philip N. Cohen, 'Premarital Cohabitation and Housework: Couples in Cross-National Perspective', Journal of Marriage and Family 64, August 2002, p.748; OECD Country statistical profiles 2009. 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