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Environment Stats: compare key data on United States & Venezuela

Definitions

  • Adjusted net national income > Constant 2000 US$: Adjusted net national income (constant 2000 US$). Adjusted net national income is GNI minus consumption of fixed capital and natural resources depletion.
  • CO2 Emissions per 1000: CO2: Total Emissions (excluding land-use) Units: thousand metric tonnes of carbon dioxide. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total > Million metric tons: CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production is the sum of three IEA categories of CO2 emissions: (1) Main Activity Producer Electricity and Heat which contains the sum of emissions from main activity producer electricity generation, combined heat and power generation and heat plants. Main activity producers (formerly known as public utilities) are defined as those undertakings whose primary activity is to supply the public. They may be publicly or privately owned. This corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 1 a. For the CO2 emissions from fuel combustion (summary) file, emissions from own on-site use of fuel in power plants (EPOWERPLT) are also included. (2) Unallocated Autoproducers which contains the emissions from the generation of electricity and/or heat by autoproducers. Autoproducers are defined as undertakings that generate electricity and/or heat, wholly or partly for their own use as an activity which supports their primary activity. They may be privately or publicly owned. In the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, these emissions would normally be distributed between industry, transport and "other" sectors. (3) Other Energy Industries contains emissions from fuel combusted in petroleum refineries, for the manufacture of solid fuels, coal mining, oil and gas extraction and other energy-producing industries. This corresponds to the IPCC Source/Sink Categories 1 A 1 b and 1 A 1 c. According to the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, emissions from coke inputs to blast furnaces can either be counted here or in the Industrial Processes source/sink category. Within detailed sectoral calculations, certain non-energy processes can be distinguished. In the reduction of iron in a blast furnace through the combustion of coke, the primary purpose of the coke oxidation is to produce pig iron and the emissions can be considered as an industrial process. Care must be taken not to double count these emissions in both Energy and Industrial Processes. In the IEA estimations, these emissions have been included in this category.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total > Million metric tons per million: CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production is the sum of three IEA categories of CO2 emissions: (1) Main Activity Producer Electricity and Heat which contains the sum of emissions from main activity producer electricity generation, combined heat and power generation and heat plants. Main activity producers (formerly known as public utilities) are defined as those undertakings whose primary activity is to supply the public. They may be publicly or privately owned. This corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 1 a. For the CO2 emissions from fuel combustion (summary) file, emissions from own on-site use of fuel in power plants (EPOWERPLT) are also included. (2) Unallocated Autoproducers which contains the emissions from the generation of electricity and/or heat by autoproducers. Autoproducers are defined as undertakings that generate electricity and/or heat, wholly or partly for their own use as an activity which supports their primary activity. They may be privately or publicly owned. In the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, these emissions would normally be distributed between industry, transport and "other" sectors. (3) Other Energy Industries contains emissions from fuel combusted in petroleum refineries, for the manufacture of solid fuels, coal mining, oil and gas extraction and other energy-producing industries. This corresponds to the IPCC Source/Sink Categories 1 A 1 b and 1 A 1 c. According to the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, emissions from coke inputs to blast furnaces can either be counted here or in the Industrial Processes source/sink category. Within detailed sectoral calculations, certain non-energy processes can be distinguished. In the reduction of iron in a blast furnace through the combustion of coke, the primary purpose of the coke oxidation is to produce pig iron and the emissions can be considered as an industrial process. Care must be taken not to double count these emissions in both Energy and Industrial Processes. In the IEA estimations, these emissions have been included in this category. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Current issues: This entry lists the most pressing and important environmental problems. The following terms and abbreviations are used throughout the entry:
  • Ecological footprint: Ecological footprint per capita
    Units: Hectares per Person
  • Marine fish catch: Total marine fish catch
    Units: Metric Tons
  • Pollution perceptions > Air pollution: Air Pollution. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with the quality of air in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Pollution perceptions > Air quality: Air quality. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with the quality of air in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Pollution perceptions > Clean water: Water Quality. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Are you concerned with the water pollution in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Pollution perceptions > Drinking water pollution: Drinking Water Pollution and Inaccessibility. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How do you find quality and the accessibility of drinking water?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Pollution perceptions > Water pollution: Water Pollution. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Are you concerned with the water pollution in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Proportion of land area under protection: Terrestrial areas protected to total surface area, percentage.
  • Transport CO2 emission index: CO2 Emission Index is an estimation of CO2 consumption due to traffic time. Measurement unit is grams for the return trip. To calculate an average estimation of emission in grams for one way commute to work, divide this value with 2.
  • Water > Freshwater pollution: Industrial organic pollutants per available freshwater
    Units: Metric Tons of BOD Emissions per Cubic Km of Water
    Units: Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants. The data from the World Bank, which represented BOD emissions (kilograms per day) were normalized by the combination of water availability per capita and water inflow availability per capita from the WaterGap2.1 model. In calculating the ESI, the base-10 logarithm of this variable was used.
  • Forest area > Sq. km > Per capita: Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees, whether productive or not. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Marine fish catch per 1000: Total marine fish catch
    Units: Metric Tons. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Water > Severe water stress: Percent of country's territory under severe water stress
    Units: Percent of Land Area
    Units: This data is derived from the WaterGap 2.1 gridded hydrological model developed by the Center for Environmental Systems Research, University of Kassel, Germany. The modellers derived, for each country, grid cell by grid cell estimates of whether the water consumption exceeds 40 percent of the water available in that particular grid cell. These were then converted to land area equivalents in order to calculate the percentage of the territory under severe water stress.
  • CFC > Consumption: CFC consumption
    Units: Ozone Depletion Potential (ODP) Tons (Metric Tons x ODP)
    Units: The indicator was obtained by multiplying the Total CFCs emissions (metric tons per ozone depletion potential) with the Per capita CFCs emissions (obtained by dividing the total CFCs emissions by the population in 1997). In calculating the ESI, the base-10 logarithm of this variable was used.
  • Pollution perceptions > Noise and light pollution: Noise and Light Pollution. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How concerned are you with noise pollution and light during the night in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Endangered species > Mammal species > Number: Mammal species are mammals excluding whales and porpoises. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known."
  • Biodiversity > Mammal species, threatened: Mammal species, threatened. Mammal species are mammals excluding whales and porpoises. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known.
  • Pollution perceptions > Drinking water quality: Drinking Water Quality and Accessibility. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How do you find quality and the accessibility of drinking water?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • CO2 emissions > Kt: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.
  • Pollution perceptions > Pollution index: Pollution Index is an estimation of the overall pollution in the city. The biggest weight is given to air pollution, than to water pollution/accessibility, two main pollution factors. Small weight is given to other pollution types.
  • Water > Drinking water > Population with improved drinking water sources > Urban and rural: Proportion of the population using improved drinking water sources, total.
  • National parks > Number of parks: Number of parks.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Emissions > CO2 emissions > Metric tons per capita: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring."
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions > Metric tons per capita: CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita). Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.
  • Biodiversity > Bird species, threatened: Bird species, threatened. Birds are listed for countries included within their breeding or wintering ranges. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known.
  • Carbon efficiency: Carbon economic efficiency (CO2 emissions per dollar GDP)
    Units: Metric Tons/US Dollar GDP
  • CO2 emissions > Kt per 1000: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Endangered species > Bird species: Birds are listed for countries included within their breeding or wintering ranges. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known."
  • Adjusted net national income > Constant 2000 US$ per capita: Adjusted net national income (constant 2000 US$). Adjusted net national income is GNI minus consumption of fixed capital and natural resources depletion. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • National parks > Proportion of country area: Country area.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • SO2 emissions per populated area: SO2 emissions per populated land area
    Units: 1000 Metric Tons/Sq. Km. of Populated Land Area
    Units: We obtained the total emissions for each country by summarizing emissions data, originally available as a grid map with 1 degree x 1 degree cells. Air pollution is generally greatest in densely populated areas. To take this into account, we used the Gridded Population of the World dataset available from CIESIN and calculated the total land area in each country inhabited with a population density of greater than 5 persons per sq. km. We then used this land area as a denominator for the emissions data.
  • Biodiversity > Fish species, threatened: Fish species, threatened. Fish species are based on Froese, R. and Pauly, D. (eds). 2008. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions > Kt: CO2 emissions (kt). Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.
  • CO2 emissions > Kt > Per capita: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Endangered species > Fish species > Number: Fish species are based on Froese, R. and Pauly, D. (eds). 2008. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known."
  • Pollution perceptions > Waste management dissatisfaction: Dissatisfaction with Garbage Disposal. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with a garbage disposal in the city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Pollution > Climate change > Agrees climate change is caused by human activity: Percentage of population who responded yes when asked if they believed global warming was a result of human activities. In this survey, global warming refers to the current rise in earth's temperature and not climate change as a whole.
  • Water > Percent of water resources used: Proportion of total water resources used, percentage.
  • Endangered species > Higher plant species > Number: Higher plants are native vascular plant species. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known."
  • Pollution > Ozone depleting substance consumption: Consumption of all Ozone-Depleting Substances in ODP metric tons.
  • NOx emissions per populated area: NOx emissions per populated land area
    Units: 1000 Metric Tons/Sq. Km. of Populated Land Area
    Units: We obtained the total emissions for each country by summarizing emissions data, originally available as a grid map with 1 degree x 1 degree cells. Air pollution is generally greatest in densely populated areas. To take this into account, we used the Gridded Population of the World dataset available from CIESIN and calculated the total land area in each country inhabited with a population density of greater than 5 persons per sq. km. We then used this land area as a denominator for the emissions data.
  • Water > Dissolved oxygen concentration: Dissolved oxygen concentration
    Units: Milligrams/Liter
    Units: The country values represent averages of the station-level values for the three year time period 1994-96, exceptwhere data were only available for an earlier time period (1988-1993). The number of stations per country varies depending on country size; number of bodies of water; and level of participation in the GEMS monitoring system. The data from "The Wellbeing of Nations" included a smaller subset of stations representing outfalls of major watersheds. An analysis of a sample of countries with numerous stations found that the data for stations in the subset is broadly comparable to the data for all GEMS stations in those countries.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions > Kt per 1000: CO2 emissions (kt). Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Forest area > Sq. km: Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees, whether productive or not.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions > Kg per 2000 US$ of GDP: CO2 emissions (kg per 2000 US$ of GDP). Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.
  • Sanitation > Population with improved sanitation > Urban and rural: Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities, total.
  • Emissions > CO2 emissions > Kt: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring."
  • Pollution perceptions > Clean, tidy cities: Clean and Tidy. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Do you find city clean and tidy?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Pollution > Ozone depleting substance consumption per million people: Consumption of all Ozone-Depleting Substances in ODP metric tons. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Water > Availability: Water availability per capita (1961-1990 (avg.))
    Units: Thousands Cubic Meters/Person
    Units: This variable measures internal renewable water (average annual surface runoff and groundwater recharge generated from endogenous precipitation)
  • Water > Drinking water > Population with improved drinking water sources > Rural: Proportion of the population using improved drinking water sources, rural.
  • Biodiversity > Plant species > Higher, threatened: Plant species (higher), threatened. Higher plants are native vascular plant species. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known.
  • Threatened species: Number of Threatened Species (1990-99)
  • Adjusted net national income > Current US$ per capita: Adjusted net national income (current US$). Adjusted net national income is GNI minus consumption of fixed capital and natural resources depletion. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Biodiversity > Number: GEF benefits index for biodiversity is a composite index of relative biodiversity potential for each country based on the species represented in each country, their threat status, and the diversity of habitat types in each country. The index has been normalized so that values run from 0 (no biodiversity potential) to 100 (maximum biodiversity potential)."
  • Adjusted net national income > Current US$: Adjusted net national income (current US$). Adjusted net national income is GNI minus consumption of fixed capital and natural resources depletion.
  • Pollution > Climate change > Climate change awareness: Percentage of each country's population who claimed knowing "something" or a "great deal" about climate change when asked: "How much do you know about global warming or climate change?"
  • Pollution perceptions > Urban comfort > Low pollution: Comfortable to Spend Time in the City. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Are you feeling comfortable to spend time in the city because of the pollution?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • CFC > Consumption per 1000: CFC consumption
    Units: Ozone Depletion Potential (ODP) Tons (Metric Tons x ODP)
    Units: The indicator was obtained by multiplying the Total CFCs emissions (metric tons per ozone depletion potential) with the Per capita CFCs emissions (obtained by dividing the total CFCs emissions by the population in 1997). In calculating the ESI, the base-10 logarithm of this variable was used. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Water > Volume of reservoirs: Nominal volume km³.
  • Protected area: Environmentally protected area (1997)
  • Biodiversity > GEF benefits index for biodiversity > 0 = no biodiversity potential to 100 = maximum: GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0 = no biodiversity potential to 100 = maximum). GEF benefits index for biodiversity is a composite index of relative biodiversity potential for each country based on the species represented in each country, their threat status, and the diversity of habitat types in each country. The index has been normalized so that values run from 0 (no biodiversity potential) to 100 (maximum biodiversity potential).
  • Pollution perceptions > Dirty, untidy cities: Dirty and Untidy. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Do you find city clean and tidy?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Emissions > CO2 emissions > Kg per 2000 US$ of GDP: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring."
  • Pollution perceptions > Free of noise and light pollution: Quiet and No Problem with Night Lights. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How concerned are you with noise pollution and light during the night in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Freshwater > Renewable internal freshwater resources > Total > Billion cubic meters: Renewable internal freshwater resources flows refer to internal renewable resources (internal river flows and groundwater from rainfall) in the country.
  • Acidification: Percentage of country with acidification excedence
    Units: Percent of Land Area
    Units: From a map of acidification excedence, all areas at risk within each country were added together in order to calculate the percentage of the entire country at risk of excedence. See pages 21-22 of the 2001 ESI report for more details on how the acidification excedence map was produced.
  • Emissions > Methane emissions > Kt of CO2 equivalent: Methane emissions are those stemming from human activities such as agriculture and from industrial methane production.
  • Freshwater > Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita > Cubic meters: Renewable internal freshwater resources flows refer to internal renewable resources (internal river flows and groundwater from rainfall) in the country. Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita are calculated using the World Bank's population estimates.
  • Pollution > PM10, country level > Micrograms per cubic meter: PM10, country level (micrograms per cubic meter). Particulate matter concentrations refer to fine suspended particulates less than 10 microns in diameter (PM10) that are capable of penetrating deep into the respiratory tract and causing significant health damage. Data for countries and aggregates for regions and income groups are urban-population weighted PM10 levels in residential areas of cities with more than 100,000 residents. The estimates represent the average annual exposure level of the average urban resident to outdoor particulate matter. The state of a country's technology and pollution controls is an important determinant of particulate matter concentrations.
  • Wetlands of intl importance > Area: Wetlands of international importance 2002
  • Biodiversity and protected areas > Terrestrial protected areas > Number: Terrestrial protected areas are those officially documented by national authorities.
  • CO2 emissions > Kg per 2000 PPP $ of GDP: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.
  • Proportion of land and marine area under protection: Terrestrial and marine areas protected to total territorial area, percentage.
  • Endangered species protection: Percent of CITES reporting requirements met
    Units: Percent of Requirements Met
    Units: Countries that have not ratified the CITES convention are recorded as having zero percent of their requirements met.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from other sectors, excluding residential buildings and commercial and public services > Million metric tons: CO2 emissions from other sectors, excluding residential buildings and commercial and public services (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from other sectors, less residential buildings and commercial and public services, contains the emissions from commercial/institutional activities, residential, agriculture/forestry, fishing and other emissions not specified elsewhere that are included in the IPCC Source/Sink Categories 1 A 4 and 1 A 5. In the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, the category also includes emissions from autoproducers in the commercial/residential/agricultural sectors that generate electricity and/or heat. The IEA data are not collected in a way that allows the energy consumption to be split by specific end-use and therefore, autoproducers are shown as a separate item (Unallocated Autoproducers).
  • Pollution perceptions > Urban discomfort from pollution: Dissatisfaction to Spend Time in the City. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Are you feeling comfortable to spend time in the city because of the pollution?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Biodiversity > GEF benefits index for biodiversity > 0 = no biodiversity potential to 100 = maximum per million: GEF benefits index for biodiversity (0 = no biodiversity potential to 100 = maximum). GEF benefits index for biodiversity is a composite index of relative biodiversity potential for each country based on the species represented in each country, their threat status, and the diversity of habitat types in each country. The index has been normalized so that values run from 0 (no biodiversity potential) to 100 (maximum biodiversity potential). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Sanitation > Population with improved sanitation > Rural: Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities, rural.
  • Water > Drinking water > Population with improved drinking water sources > Urban: Proportion of the population using improved drinking water sources, urban.
  • Pollution perceptions > Waste management satisfaction: Garbage Disposal Satisfaction. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with a garbage disposal in the city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Pollution > Climate change > Perceived as threat: Percentage of country's population that perceives climate change as a threat. Results are from a 2008 Gallop Poll.
  • Emissions > Nitrous oxide emissions > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent: Nitrous oxide emissions are emissions from agricultural biomass burning, industrial activities, and livestock management."
  • Wildness: Percent of land area having very low anthropogenic impact
    Units: Percent of Land Area
    Units: Global grids for population (GPW), land use (USGS AVHRR based classification from EROS data center), VMAP roads, VMAP railways, VMAP coastlines, VMAP major rivers and the stable lights data were all scored for "wildness". The scores were aggregated and normalized.
  • Biosphere > Reserves area: Biosphere reserves area 2002.
  • Forest area > Sq. km per 1000: Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees, whether productive or not. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Threatened species > Mammal: Number of threatened mammal species (1997)
  • Water > Population supplied by water supply industry: Total population supplied by water supply industry.
  • Known mammal species: Known mammal species (1992-2002).
  • World Heritage Sites (environmental): Natural sites.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services > Million metric tons: CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services contains all emissions from fuel combustion in households. This corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 4 b. Commercial and public services includes emissions from all activities of ISIC Divisions 41, 50-52, 55, 63-67, 70-75, 80, 85, 90-93 and 99.
  • Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Total > Billion cubic meters: Annual freshwater withdrawals refer to total water withdrawals, not counting evaporation losses from storage basins. Withdrawals also include water from desalination plants in countries where they are a significant source. Withdrawals can exceed 100 percent of total renewable resources where extraction from nonrenewable aquifers or desalination plants is considerable or where there is significant water reuse. Withdrawals for agriculture and industry are total withdrawals for irrigation and livestock production and for direct industrial use (including withdrawals for cooling thermoelectric plants). Withdrawals for domestic uses include drinking water, municipal use or supply, and use for public services, commercial establishments, and homes. Data are for the most recent year available for 1987-2002."
  • Pollution > Carbon dioxide 1999: 1999 total CO2 emissions from fossil-fuel burning, cement production, and gas flaring. Emissions are expressed in thousand metric tons of carbon (not CO2).
  • Breeding birds threatened: Percentage of breeding birds threatened
    Units: Percent of Breeding Birds
    Units: The number of bird species threatened divided by known bird species in the country, expressed as a percentage.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption > Kt per 1000: CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt). Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of natural gas as an energy source. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption > Kt per 1000: CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt). Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption > Kt per 1000: CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt). Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of petroleum-derived fuels as an energy source. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption > Kt: CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (kt). Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of natural gas as an energy source.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption > Kt: CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (kt). Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source.
  • Climate change > Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent per million: Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent). Other greenhouse gas emissions are by-product emissions of hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Biodiversity and protected areas > Marine protected areas > Number: Marine protected areas are areas of intertidal or subtidal terrain--and overlying water and associated flora and fauna and historical and cultural features--that have been reserved by law or other effective means to protect part or all of the enclosed environment.
  • Sanitation > Population with improved sanitation > Urban: Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities, urban.
  • Emissions > Other greenhouse gas emissions > HFC > PFC and SF6 > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent: Other greenhouse gas emissions are by-product emissions of hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride."
  • Urban SO2 concentration: Urban SO2 concentration
    Units: Micrograms/m3
    Units: The values were originally collected at the city level. Each nation varied in terms of the number of cities reported, so this data should be used with some caution. Within each country the values have been normalized by city population for the year 1995, then added together to obtain the total concentration for the given country.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Consumption of fixed capital > Current US$: Consumption of fixed capital represents the replacement value of capital used up in the process of production.
  • Water > Volume of reservoirs per million people: Nominal volume km³. Figures expressed per million people for the same year.
  • Sustainability-satisfying companies: Dow Jones Sustainability Group Index: percent of eligible companies in index
    Units: Percentage
    Units: For each country, the number of companies in the Sustainability Index was divided by the number of companies in the Global Index.
  • Marine areas under protection: Protected marine areas under IUCN management categories I - VI (1992-2003)
  • Water > Population connected to wastewater collecting system: Population connected to wastewater collecting system.
  • Water > Proportion of marine area under protection: Marine areas protected to territorial waters, percentage.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted net savings > Including particulate emission damage > Current US$: Adjusted net savings are equal to net national savings plus education expenditure and minus energy depletion, mineral depletion, net forest depletion, and carbon dioxide and particulate emissions damage."
  • Environmental agreement compliance: Compliance with environmental agreements (WEF survey)
    Units: Survey Responses Ranging from 1 (Strongly Disagree) to 7
    Units: Response to the statement: "Compliance with international environmental agreements is a high priority.
  • Pollution > Carbon dioxide 1999 per 1000: 1999 total CO2 emissions from fossil-fuel burning, cement production, and gas flaring. Emissions are expressed in thousand metric tons of carbon (not CO2). Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Freshwater > Withdrawal per million: . Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Emissions > PM10 > Country level > Micrograms per cubic meter: Particulate matter concentrations refer to fine suspended particulates less than 10 microns in diameter (PM10) that are capable of penetrating deep into the respiratory tract and causing significant health damage. Data for countries and aggregates for regions and income groups are urban-population weighted PM10 levels in residential areas of cities with more than 100,000 residents. The estimates represent the average annual exposure level of the average urban resident to outdoor particulate matter. The state of a country's technology and pollution controls is an important determinant of particulate matter concentrations."
  • Known mammal species per million: Known mammal species (1992-2002). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Wetlands of intl importance > Area per million: Wetlands of international importance 2002. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Areas under protection per million: Protected Areas under IUCN management categories I - VI (1992-2003). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Water > Salinisation: Electrical conductivity
    Units: Micro-Siemens/Centimeter
    Units: The country values represent averages of the station-level values for the three year time period 1994-96, except where data were only available for an earlier time period (1988-1993). The number of stations per country varies depending on country size; number of water bodies; and level of participation in the GEMS monitoring system.
  • Marine areas under protection per million: Protected marine areas under IUCN management categories I - VI (1992-2003). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Areas under protection: Protected Areas under IUCN management categories I - VI (1992-2003)
  • Biosphere > Reserves area per million: Biosphere reserves area 2002. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Fertiliser > Consumption: Fertilizer consumption per hectare of arable land
    Units: Hundreds Grams/Hectare of Arable Land
  • Urban NO2 concentration: Urban NO2 concentration
    Units: Micrograms/m3
    Units: The values were originally collected at the city level. Each nation varied in terms of the number of cities reported, so this data should be used with some caution. Within each country the values have been normalized by city population for the year 1995, then added together to obtain the total concentration for the given country.
  • Non-wildness: Percent of land area having very high anthropogenic impact
    Units: Percent of Land Area
    Units: Global grids for population (GPW), land use (USGS AVHRR based classification from EROS data center), VMAP roads, VMAP railways, VMAP coastlines, VMAP major rivers and the stable lights data were all scored for "wildness". The scores were aggregated and normalized.
  • Emissions > Agricultural nitrous oxide emissions > % of total: Agricultural nitrous oxide emissions are emissions produced through fertilizer use (synthetic and animal manure), animal waste management, agricultural waste burning (nonenergy, on-site), and savannah burning."
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Net national savings > Current US$: Net national savings are equal to gross national savings less the value of consumption of fixed capital.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted net savings > Excluding particulate emission damage > Current US$: Adjusted net savings are equal to net national savings plus education expenditure and minus energy depletion, mineral depletion, net forest depletion, and carbon dioxide. This series excludes particulate emissions damage."
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Particulate emission damage > Current US$: Particulate emissions damage is calculated as the willingness to pay to avoid mortality attributable to particulate emissions.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Mineral depletion > % of GNI: Mineral depletion is equal to the product of unit resource rents and the physical quantities of minerals extracted. It refers to bauxite, copper, iron, lead, nickel, phosphate, tin, zinc, gold, and silver."
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total > % of total fuel combustion: CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total (% of total fuel combustion). CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production is the sum of three IEA categories of CO2 emissions: (1) Main Activity Producer Electricity and Heat which contains the sum of emissions from main activity producer electricity generation, combined heat and power generation and heat plants. Main activity producers (formerly known as public utilities) are defined as those undertakings whose primary activity is to supply the public. They may be publicly or privately owned. This corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 1 a. For the CO2 emissions from fuel combustion (summary) file, emissions from own on-site use of fuel in power plants (EPOWERPLT) are also included. (2) Unallocated Autoproducers which contains the emissions from the generation of electricity and/or heat by autoproducers. Autoproducers are defined as undertakings that generate electricity and/or heat, wholly or partly for their own use as an activity which supports their primary activity. They may be privately or publicly owned. In the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, these emissions would normally be distributed between industry, transport and "other" sectors. (3) Other Energy Industries contains emissions from fuel combusted in petroleum refineries, for the manufacture of solid fuels, coal mining, oil and gas extraction and other energy-producing industries. This corresponds to the IPCC Source/Sink Categories 1 A 1 b and 1 A 1 c. According to the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, emissions from coke inputs to blast furnaces can either be counted here or in the Industrial Processes source/sink category. Within detailed sectoral calculations, certain non-energy processes can be distinguished. In the reduction of iron in a blast furnace through the combustion of coke, the primary purpose of the coke oxidation is to produce pig iron and the emissions can be considered as an industrial process. Care must be taken not to double count these emissions in both Energy and Industrial Processes. In the IEA estimations, these emissions have been included in this category.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Gross savings > % of GNI: Gross savings are the difference between gross national income and public and private consumption, plus net current transfers."
  • Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change sign date: Signature.
  • Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Total > % of internal resources: Annual freshwater withdrawals refer to total water withdrawals, not counting evaporation losses from storage basins. Withdrawals also include water from desalination plants in countries where they are a significant source. Withdrawals can exceed 100 percent of total renewable resources where extraction from nonrenewable aquifers or desalination plants is considerable or where there is significant water reuse. Withdrawals for agriculture and industry are total withdrawals for irrigation and livestock production and for direct industrial use (including withdrawals for cooling thermoelectric plants). Withdrawals for domestic uses include drinking water, municipal use or supply, and use for public services, commercial establishments, and homes. Data are for the most recent year available for 1987-2002."
  • Forest area > % of land area: Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees, whether productive or not.
  • Water pollution > Metal industry > % of total BOD emissions: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: primary metals (ISIC division 37). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Net forest depletion > % of GNI: Net forest depletion is calculated as the product of unit resource rents and the excess of roundwood harvest over natural growth.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services > % of total fuel combustion: CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services (% of total fuel combustion). CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services contains all emissions from fuel combustion in households. This corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 4 b. Commercial and public services includes emissions from all activities of ISIC Divisions 41, 50-52, 55, 63-67, 70-75, 80, 85, 90-93 and 99.
  • Water pollution > Food industry > % of total BOD emissions: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: food and beverages (31). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Emissions > CO2 intensity > Kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use: Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source.
  • Pollution perceptions > Green space and parks dissatisfaction: Dissatisfaction with Green and Parks in the City. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with green and parks in the city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Water pollution > Wood industry > % of total BOD emissions: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: wood (33). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Water pollution > Other industry > % of total BOD emissions: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: other (38 and 39). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services > Million metric tons per million: CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services contains all emissions from fuel combustion in households. This corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 4 b. Commercial and public services includes emissions from all activities of ISIC Divisions 41, 50-52, 55, 63-67, 70-75, 80, 85, 90-93 and 99. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Oil rents > % of GDP: Oil rents (% of GDP). Oil rents are the difference between the value of crude oil production at world prices and total costs of production.
  • Organic water pollutant > BOD emissions > Kg per day per worker: Emissions per worker are total emissions of organic water pollutants divided by the number of industrial workers. Organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Net national savings > % of GNI: Net national savings are equal to gross national savings less the value of consumption of fixed capital.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Energy depletion > % of GNI: Energy depletion is equal to the product of unit resource rents and the physical quantities of energy extracted. It covers crude oil, natural gas, and coal."
  • Emissions > CO2 emissions > Kg per PPP $ of GDP: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring."
  • Emissions > CO2 emissions > Kg per 2005 PPP $ of GDP: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring."
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Carbon dioxide damage > % of GNI: Carbon dioxide damage is estimated to be $20 per ton of carbon (the unit damage in 1995 U.S. dollars) times the number of tons of carbon emitted.
  • Water pollution > Textile industry > % of total BOD emissions: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: textiles (32). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Adjusted savings > Carbon dioxide damage > % of GNI: Carbon dioxide damage is estimated to be $20 per ton of carbon (the unit damage in 1995 U.S. dollars) times the number of tons of carbon emitted.
  • Marine protected areas > % of territorial waters: Marine protected areas (% of territorial waters). Marine protected areas are areas of intertidal or subtidal terrain--and overlying water and associated flora and fauna and historical and cultural features--that have been reserved by law or other effective means to protect part or all of the enclosed environment.
  • Water pollution > Paper and pulp industry > % of total BOD emissions: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: paper and pulp (34). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Adjusted savings > Particulate emission damage > % of GNI: Particulate emissions damage is calculated as the willingness to pay to avoid mortality attributable to particulate emissions.
  • Known breeding bird species: Known breeding bird mammal species (1992-2002).
  • Adjusted net national income > Current US$, % of GDP: Adjusted net national income (current US$). Adjusted net national income is GNI minus consumption of fixed capital and natural resources depletion. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Adjusted net national income > Constant 2000 US$, % of GDP: Adjusted net national income (constant 2000 US$). Adjusted net national income is GNI minus consumption of fixed capital and natural resources depletion. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Mineral depletion > Current US$: Mineral depletion is equal to the product of unit resource rents and the physical quantities of minerals extracted. It refers to bauxite, copper, iron, lead, nickel, phosphate, tin, zinc, gold, and silver."
  • Natural gas rents > % of GDP: Natural gas rents (% of GDP). Natural gas rents are the difference between the value of natural gas production at world prices and total costs of production.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Particulate emission damage > % of GNI: Particulate emissions damage is calculated as the willingness to pay to avoid mortality attributable to particulate emissions.
  • Emissions > Agricultural methane emissions > % of total: Agricultural methane emissions are emissions from animals, animal waste, rice production, agricultural waste burning (nonenergy, on-site), and savannah burning."
  • Water pollution > Clay and glass industry > % of total BOD emissions: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: stone, ceramics, and glass (36). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • Emissions > Industrial methane emissions > % of total: Industrial methane emissions are emissions from the handling, transmission, and combustion of fossil fuels and biofuels."
  • Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Domestic > % of total freshwater withdrawal: Annual freshwater withdrawals refer to total water withdrawals, not counting evaporation losses from storage basins. Withdrawals also include water from desalination plants in countries where they are a significant source. Withdrawals can exceed 100 percent of total renewable resources where extraction from nonrenewable aquifers or desalination plants is considerable or where there is significant water reuse. Withdrawals for domestic uses include drinking water, municipal use or supply, and use for public services, commercial establishments, and homes. Data are for the most recent year available for 1987-2002."
  • Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Industry > % of total freshwater withdrawal: Annual freshwater withdrawals refer to total water withdrawals, not counting evaporation losses from storage basins. Withdrawals also include water from desalination plants in countries where they are a significant source. Withdrawals can exceed 100 percent of total renewable resources where extraction from nonrenewable aquifers or desalination plants is considerable or where there is significant water reuse. Withdrawals for industry are total withdrawals for direct industrial use (including withdrawals for cooling thermoelectric plants). Data are for the most recent year available for 1987-2002."
  • Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Agriculture > % of total freshwater withdrawal: Annual freshwater withdrawals refer to total water withdrawals, not counting evaporation losses from storage basins. Withdrawals also include water from desalination plants in countries where they are a significant source. Withdrawals can exceed 100 percent of total renewable resources where extraction from nonrenewable aquifers or desalination plants is considerable or where there is significant water reuse. Withdrawals for agriculture are total withdrawals for irrigation and livestock production. Data are for the most recent year available for 1987-2002."
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption > % of total: CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (% of total). Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of petroleum-derived fuels as an energy source.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption > % of total: CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption (% of total). Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of natural gas as an energy source.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption > % of total: CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total). Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source.
  • Climate change > Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent: Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent). Other greenhouse gas emissions are by-product emissions of hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride.
  • Water > Drinking water > Population with improved sanitation > Rural: Proportion of the population using improved sanitation facilities, rural.
  • Water > Suspended solids: Suspended solids
    Units: Natural Log of Milligrams/Liter
    Units: The country values represent averages of the station-level values for the three year time period 1994-96, exceptwhere data were only available for an earlier time period (1988-1993). The number of stations per country varies depending on country size; number of bodies of water; and level of participation in the GEMS monitoring system. Data from "The Wellbeing of Nations" included a smaller subset of stations representing outfalls of majorwatersheds. An analysis of a sample of countries with numerous stations found that the data for stations in the subset is broadly comparable to the data for all GEMS stations in those countries. The data in this table was transformed using the natural logarithm.
  • Biodiversity and protected areas > Marine protected areas > % of total surface area: Marine protected areas are areas of intertidal or subtidal terrain--and overlying water and associated flora and fauna and historical and cultural features--that have been reserved by law or other effective means to protect part or all of the enclosed environment.
  • Biodiversity and protected areas > Terrestrial protected areas > % of total surface area: Terrestrial protected areas are those officially documented by national authorities.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted net savings > Including particulate emission damage > % of GNI: Adjusted net savings are equal to net national savings plus education expenditure and minus energy depletion, mineral depletion, net forest depletion, and carbon dioxide and particulate emissions damage."
  • Known breeding bird species per million: Known breeding bird mammal species (1992-2002). Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption > Kt: CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption (kt). Carbon dioxide emissions from liquid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of petroleum-derived fuels as an energy source.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Net forest depletion > Current US$: Net forest depletion is calculated as the product of unit resource rents and the excess of roundwood harvest over natural growth.
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted net savings > Excluding particulate emission damage > % of GNI: Adjusted net savings are equal to net national savings plus education expenditure and minus energy depletion, mineral depletion, net forest depletion, and carbon dioxide. This series excludes particulate emissions damage."
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Energy depletion > Current US$: Energy depletion is equal to the product of unit resource rents and the physical quantities of energy extracted. It covers crude oil, natural gas, and coal."
  • PM10 > Country level > Micrograms per cubic meter: Particulate matter concentrations refer to fine suspended particulates less than 10 microns in diameter (PM10) that are capable of penetrating deep into the respiratory tract and causing significant health damage. Data for countries and aggregates for regions and income groups are urban-population weighted PM10 levels in residential areas of cities with more than 100,000 residents. The estimates represent the average annual exposure level of the average urban resident to outdoor particulate matter. The state of a countryÂ’s technology and pollution controls is an important determinant of particulate matter concentrations.
  • Climate change > GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF > Mt of CO2 equivalent: GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (Mt of CO2 equivalent). GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF refers to changes in atmospheric levels of all greenhouse gases attributable to forest and land-use change activities, including but not limited to (1) emissions and removals of CO2 from decreases or increases in biomass stocks due to forest management, logging, fuelwood collection, etc.; (2) conversion of existing forests and natural grasslands to other land uses; (3) removal of CO2 from the abandonment of formerly managed lands (e.g. croplands and pastures); and (4) emissions and removals of CO2 in soil associated with land-use change and management. For Annex-I countries under the UNFCCC, these data are drawn from the annual GHG inventories submitted to the UNFCCC by each country; for non-Annex-I countries, data are drawn from the most recently submitted National Communication where available. Because of differences in reporting years and methodologies, these data are not generally considered comparable across countries. Data are in million metric tons.
  • Water > Phosphorus concentration: Phosphorus concentration
    Units: Milligrams/Liter
    Units: The country values represent averages of the station-level values for the three year time period 1994-96, except where data were only available for an earlier time period (1988-1993). The number of stations per country varies depending on country size; number of bodies of water; and level of participation in the GEMS monitoring system. The data from "The Wellbeing of Nations" included a smaller subset of stations representing outfalls of major watersheds. An analysis of a sample of countries with numerous stations found that the data for stations in the subset is broadly comparable to the data for all GEMS stations in those countries.
  • Pollution perceptions > Green space and parks satisfaction: Quality of Green and Parks. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with green and parks in the city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Total natural resources rents > % of GDP: Total natural resources rents (% of GDP). Total natural resources rents are the sum of oil rents, natural gas rents, coal rents (hard and soft), mineral rents, and forest rents.
  • Water pollution > Chemical industry > % of total BOD emissions: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: chemicals (35). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.
  • CO2 Emissions: CO2: Total Emissions (excluding land-use) Units: thousand metric tonnes of carbon dioxide
  • Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Consumption of fixed capital > % of GNI: Consumption of fixed capital represents the replacement value of capital used up in the process of production.
  • Climate change > GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF > Mt of CO2 equivalent per million: GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF (Mt of CO2 equivalent). GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF refers to changes in atmospheric levels of all greenhouse gases attributable to forest and land-use change activities, including but not limited to (1) emissions and removals of CO2 from decreases or increases in biomass stocks due to forest management, logging, fuelwood collection, etc.; (2) conversion of existing forests and natural grasslands to other land uses; (3) removal of CO2 from the abandonment of formerly managed lands (e.g. croplands and pastures); and (4) emissions and removals of CO2 in soil associated with land-use change and management. For Annex-I countries under the UNFCCC, these data are drawn from the annual GHG inventories submitted to the UNFCCC by each country; for non-Annex-I countries, data are drawn from the most recently submitted National Communication where available. Because of differences in reporting years and methodologies, these data are not generally considered comparable across countries. Data are in million metric tons. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from other sectors, excluding residential buildings and commercial and public services > % of total fuel combustion: CO2 emissions from other sectors, excluding residential buildings and commercial and public services (% of total fuel combustion). CO2 emissions from other sectors, less residential buildings and commercial and public services, contains the emissions from commercial/institutional activities, residential, agriculture/forestry, fishing and other emissions not specified elsewhere that are included in the IPCC Source/Sink Categories 1 A 4 and 1 A 5. In the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, the category also includes emissions from autoproducers in the commercial/residential/agricultural sectors that generate electricity and/or heat. The IEA data are not collected in a way that allows the energy consumption to be split by specific end-use and therefore, autoproducers are shown as a separate item (Unallocated Autoproducers).
STAT United States Venezuela HISTORY
Adjusted net national income > Constant 2000 US$ $11.13 trillion
Ranked 2nd. 87 times more than Venezuela
$127.77 billion
Ranked 18th.

CO2 Emissions per 1000 19.86
Ranked 4th. 4 times more than Venezuela
5.3
Ranked 52nd.
Climate change > CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total > Million metric tons 2,478.03
Ranked 2nd. 47 times more than Venezuela
53.16
Ranked 34th.

Climate change > CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total > Million metric tons per million 7.95
Ranked 10th. 4 times more than Venezuela
1.8
Ranked 60th.

Current issues air pollution resulting in acid rain in both the US and Canada; the US is the largest single emitter of carbon dioxide from the burning of fossil fuels; water pollution from runoff of pesticides and fertilizers; limited natural fresh water resources in much of the western part of the country require careful management; desertification sewage pollution of Lago de Valencia; oil and urban pollution of Lago de Maracaibo; deforestation; soil degradation; urban and industrial pollution, especially along the Caribbean coast; threat to the rainforest ecosystem from irresponsible mining operations
Ecological footprint 12.22
Ranked 2nd. 4 times more than Venezuela
3
Ranked 12th.

Marine fish catch 3.33 million tons
Ranked 7th. 11 times more than Venezuela
315,413 tons
Ranked 34th.
Pollution perceptions > Air pollution 25.04
Ranked 52nd.
61.67
Ranked 5th. 2 times more than United States
Pollution perceptions > Air quality 74.96
Ranked 8th. 96% more than Venezuela
38.33
Ranked 5th.
Pollution perceptions > Clean water 54.13
Ranked 22nd. 44% more than Venezuela
37.5
Ranked 6th.
Pollution perceptions > Drinking water pollution 29.66
Ranked 41st.
68.75
Ranked 2nd. 2 times more than United States
Pollution perceptions > Water pollution 45.87
Ranked 38th.
62.5
Ranked 4th. 36% more than United States
Proportion of land area under protection 13.82%
Ranked 111th.
52.97%
Ranked 5th. 4 times more than United States

Transport CO2 emission index 7,004.01
Ranked 8th.
7,528.33
Ranked 5th. 7% more than United States
Water > Freshwater pollution 1.14 tons/cubic km
Ranked 30th. 16 times more than Venezuela
0.07 tons/cubic km
Ranked 64th.
Forest area > Sq. km > Per capita 10.22 km² per 1,000 people
Ranked 44th.
17.95 km² per 1,000 people
Ranked 33th. 76% more than United States

Marine fish catch per 1000 11.93 tons
Ranked 42nd.
13.17 tons
Ranked 38th. 10% more than United States
Water > Severe water stress 31.3
Ranked 42nd. 13 times more than Venezuela
2.4
Ranked 74th.
CFC > Consumption 23,385.2
Ranked 32nd.
602,348
Ranked 4th. 26 times more than United States
Pollution perceptions > Noise and light pollution 47.89
Ranked 34th. 21% more than Venezuela
39.58
Ranked 7th.
Endangered species > Mammal species > Number 37
Ranked 19th. 16% more than Venezuela
32
Ranked 26th.
Biodiversity > Mammal species, threatened 36
Ranked 21st. 6% more than Venezuela
34
Ranked 24th.
Pollution perceptions > Drinking water quality 70.34
Ranked 19th. 2 times more than Venezuela
31.25
Ranked 8th.
CO2 emissions > Kt 5.79 million kt
Ranked 1st. 40 times more than Venezuela
143,952.2 kt
Ranked 27th.

Pollution perceptions > Pollution index 35.37
Ranked 47th.
73.96
Ranked 4th. 2 times more than United States
Water > Drinking water > Population with improved drinking water sources > Urban and rural 98.76
Ranked 62nd. 6% more than Venezuela
92.91
Ranked 112th.

National parks > Number of parks 59
Ranked 2nd. 37% more than Venezuela
43
Ranked 3rd.
Emissions > CO2 emissions > Metric tons per capita 19.34
Ranked 10th. 3 times more than Venezuela
6.02
Ranked 60th.

Climate change > CO2 emissions > Metric tons per capita 17.56
Ranked 10th. 3 times more than Venezuela
6.95
Ranked 49th.

Biodiversity > Bird species, threatened 78
Ranked 9th. 95% more than Venezuela
40
Ranked 23th.
Carbon efficiency 1.77 CO2 emissions/$ GDP
Ranked 42nd.
3.04 CO2 emissions/$ GDP
Ranked 17th. 72% more than United States
CO2 emissions > Kt per 1000 19.95 kt
Ranked 9th. 4 times more than Venezuela
5.58 kt
Ranked 60th.

Endangered species > Bird species 74
Ranked 7th. 3 times more than Venezuela
26
Ranked 33th.

Adjusted net national income > Constant 2000 US$ per capita $37,678.22
Ranked 6th. 9 times more than Venezuela
$4,331.21
Ranked 24th.

National parks > Proportion of country area 2.18%
Ranked 4th.
21.76%
Ranked 1st. 10 times more than United States
SO2 emissions per populated area 1,680 thousand metric tons/squ
Ranked 37th. 3 times more than Venezuela
590 thousand metric tons/squ
Ranked 69th.
Biodiversity > Fish species, threatened 236
Ranked 1st. 6 times more than Venezuela
37
Ranked 54th.
Climate change > CO2 emissions > Kt 5.43 million
Ranked 2nd. 27 times more than Venezuela
201,747.34
Ranked 28th.

CO2 emissions > Kt > Per capita 19.9 kt per 1,000 people
Ranked 11th. 4 times more than Venezuela
5.61 kt per 1,000 people
Ranked 64th.

Endangered species > Fish species > Number 164
Ranked 1st. 6 times more than Venezuela
29
Ranked 37th.
Pollution perceptions > Waste management dissatisfaction 26.97
Ranked 48th.
81.82
Ranked 2nd. 3 times more than United States
Pollution > Climate change > Agrees climate change is caused by human activity 49%
Ranked 88th.
65%
Ranked 37th. 33% more than United States
Water > Percent of water resources used 15.57%
Ranked 37th. 21 times more than Venezuela
0.735%
Ranked 115th.
Endangered species > Higher plant species > Number 244
Ranked 12th. 4 times more than Venezuela
69
Ranked 35th.

Pollution > Ozone depleting substance consumption 1,627.68
Ranked 4th. 10 times more than Venezuela
165.07
Ranked 27th.

NOx emissions per populated area 1.29 thousand metric tons/squ
Ranked 13th. 3 times more than Venezuela
0.41 thousand metric tons/squ
Ranked 44th.
Water > Dissolved oxygen concentration 9.26 mls/litre
Ranked 33th. 10% more than Venezuela
8.4 mls/litre
Ranked 52nd.
Climate change > CO2 emissions > Kt per 1000 17.56
Ranked 10th. 3 times more than Venezuela
6.95
Ranked 49th.

Forest area > Sq. km 3.03 million km²
Ranked 4th. 6 times more than Venezuela
477,130 km²
Ranked 16th.

Climate change > CO2 emissions > Kg per 2000 US$ of GDP $0.40
Ranked 107th.
$1.16
Ranked 34th. 3 times more than United States

Sanitation > Population with improved sanitation > Urban and rural 99.59
Ranked 40th. 10% more than Venezuela
90.87
Ranked 91st.

Emissions > CO2 emissions > Kt 5.83 million
Ranked 2nd. 35 times more than Venezuela
165,414.94
Ranked 27th.

Pollution perceptions > Clean, tidy cities 60.34
Ranked 16th. 3 times more than Venezuela
22.92
Ranked 7th.
Pollution > Ozone depleting substance consumption per million people 5.22
Ranked 48th.
5.6
Ranked 44th. 7% more than United States

Water > Availability 7.09 thousand cubic metres
Ranked 47th.
33.83 thousand cubic metres
Ranked 15th. 5 times more than United States
Water > Drinking water > Population with improved drinking water sources > Rural 94.03
Ranked 85th. 25% more than Venezuela
75.26
Ranked 141st.

Biodiversity > Plant species > Higher, threatened 270
Ranked 13th. 4 times more than Venezuela
77
Ranked 40th.
Threatened species 854
Ranked 1st. 13 times more than Venezuela
66
Ranked 28th.
Adjusted net national income > Current US$ per capita $41,448.39
Ranked 10th. 6 times more than Venezuela
$6,992.32
Ranked 53th.

Biodiversity > Number 94.22
Ranked 2nd. 4 times more than Venezuela
25.33
Ranked 16th.

Adjusted net national income > Current US$ $12.91 trillion
Ranked 2nd. 63 times more than Venezuela
$206.28 billion
Ranked 36th.

Pollution > Climate change > Climate change awareness 97%
Ranked 3rd. 54% more than Venezuela
63%
Ranked 62nd.
Pollution perceptions > Urban comfort > Low pollution 78.17
Ranked 11th. 99% more than Venezuela
39.29
Ranked 6th.
CFC > Consumption per 1000 0.0858
Ranked 64th.
26.17
Ranked 6th. 305 times more than United States
Water > Volume of reservoirs 29.11 km³
Ranked 3rd.
135 km³
Ranked 1st. 5 times more than United States
Protected area 13.4%
Ranked 26th.
36.3%
Ranked 2nd. 3 times more than United States
Biodiversity > GEF benefits index for biodiversity > 0 = no biodiversity potential to 100 = maximum 94.22
Ranked 2nd. 4 times more than Venezuela
25.33
Ranked 16th.

Pollution perceptions > Dirty, untidy cities 39.66
Ranked 44th.
77.08
Ranked 3rd. 94% more than United States
Emissions > CO2 emissions > Kg per 2000 US$ of GDP $0.51
Ranked 109th.
$1.05
Ranked 53th. 2 times more than United States

Pollution perceptions > Free of noise and light pollution 52.11
Ranked 26th.
60.42
Ranked 3rd. 16% more than United States
Freshwater > Renewable internal freshwater resources > Total > Billion cubic meters 2,800
Ranked 6th. 4 times more than Venezuela
722.4
Ranked 15th.

Acidification 13.74%
Ranked 25th.
0.0
Ranked 108th.
Freshwater > Withdrawal 477
Ranked 3rd. 57 times more than Venezuela
8.37
Ranked 44th.
Emissions > Methane emissions > Kt of CO2 equivalent 810,280
Ranked 2nd. 12 times more than Venezuela
65,730
Ranked 19th.

Freshwater > Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita > Cubic meters 9,199.18
Ranked 55th.
25,860.03
Ranked 29th. 3 times more than United States

Pollution > PM10, country level > Micrograms per cubic meter 17.78
Ranked 140th. 80% more than Venezuela
9.86
Ranked 174th.

Wetlands of intl importance > Area 1,190 thousand hectares
Ranked 14th. 5 times more than Venezuela
264 thousand hectares
Ranked 43th.
Biodiversity and protected areas > Terrestrial protected areas > Number 6,770
Ranked 5th. 29 times more than Venezuela
231
Ranked 48th.
CO2 emissions > Kg per 2000 PPP $ of GDP 0.56 kg/PPP$
Ranked 36th.
1.18 kg/PPP$
Ranked 10th. 2 times more than United States

Proportion of land and marine area under protection 15.14%
Ranked 83th.
49.54%
Ranked 4th. 3 times more than United States

Endangered species protection 87.5%
Ranked 39th. 15% more than Venezuela
76.2%
Ranked 58th.
Climate change > CO2 emissions from other sectors, excluding residential buildings and commercial and public services > Million metric tons 43.12
Ranked 3rd.
-0.01
Ranked 134th.

Pollution perceptions > Urban discomfort from pollution 21.83
Ranked 49th.
60.71
Ranked 4th. 3 times more than United States
Biodiversity > GEF benefits index for biodiversity > 0 = no biodiversity potential to 100 = maximum per million 0.31
Ranked 97th.
0.901
Ranked 62nd. 3 times more than United States

Sanitation > Population with improved sanitation > Rural 98.6%
Ranked 40th. 73% more than Venezuela
56.91%
Ranked 127th.

Water > Drinking water > Population with improved drinking water sources > Urban 99.77
Ranked 56th. 6% more than Venezuela
94.33
Ranked 136th.

Pollution perceptions > Waste management satisfaction 73.03
Ranked 12th. 4 times more than Venezuela
18.18
Ranked 8th.
Pollution > Climate change > Perceived as threat 63%
Ranked 30th. 2% more than Venezuela
62%
Ranked 32nd.
Emissions > Nitrous oxide emissions > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent 456,210
Ranked 2nd. 17 times more than Venezuela
26,460
Ranked 31st.

Wildness 35.89%
Ranked 32nd.
50.77%
Ranked 20th. 41% more than United States
Biosphere > Reserves area 31,570 thousand hectares
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than Venezuela
8,266 thousand hectares
Ranked 7th.
Forest area > Sq. km per 1000 10.26 km²
Ranked 44th.
17.85 km²
Ranked 32nd. 74% more than United States

Threatened species > Mammal 35
Ranked 14th. 46% more than Venezuela
24
Ranked 30th.
Water > Population supplied by water supply industry 85%
Ranked 25th.
95%
Ranked 12th. 12% more than United States

Known mammal species 428
Ranked 4th. 33% more than Venezuela
323
Ranked 12th.
World Heritage Sites (environmental) 12
Ranked 1st. 12 times more than Venezuela
1
Ranked 66th.
Climate change > CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services > Million metric tons 530.05
Ranked 2nd. 79 times more than Venezuela
6.72
Ranked 43th.

Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Total > Billion cubic meters 479.29
Ranked 3rd. 57 times more than Venezuela
8.37
Ranked 48th.

Pollution > Carbon dioxide 1999 1.5 million
Ranked 1st. 44 times more than Venezuela
34,341
Ranked 27th.
Breeding birds threatened 8.31%
Ranked 15th. 5 times more than Venezuela
1.79%
Ranked 90th.
Climate change > CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption > Kt per 1000 4.17
Ranked 16th. 2 times more than Venezuela
1.99
Ranked 36th.

Climate change > CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption > Kt per 1000 6.29
Ranked 8th. 242 times more than Venezuela
0.026
Ranked 96th.

Climate change > CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption > Kt per 1000 6.97
Ranked 13th. 62% more than Venezuela
4.3
Ranked 33th.

Climate change > CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption > Kt 1.29 million
Ranked 1st. 22 times more than Venezuela
57,791.92
Ranked 31st.

Climate change > CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption > Kt 1.95 million
Ranked 2nd. 2576 times more than Venezuela
755.4
Ranked 81st.

Climate change > Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent per million 1,126.51
Ranked 1st. 14 times more than Venezuela
79.47
Ranked 51st.

Biodiversity and protected areas > Marine protected areas > Number 787
Ranked 2nd. 41 times more than Venezuela
19
Ranked 42nd.
Sanitation > Population with improved sanitation > Urban 99.8
Ranked 43th. 7% more than Venezuela
93.61
Ranked 93th.

Emissions > Other greenhouse gas emissions > HFC > PFC and SF6 > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent 108,420
Ranked 3rd. 47 times more than Venezuela
2,300
Ranked 22nd.

Urban SO2 concentration 15.43 micrograms/m3
Ranked 114th.
33 micrograms/m3
Ranked 88th. 2 times more than United States
Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Consumption of fixed capital > Current US$ $1.99 trillion
Ranked 1st. 53 times more than Venezuela
$37.56 billion
Ranked 30th.

Water > Volume of reservoirs per million people 0.148 km³
Ranked 3rd.
7.59 km³
Ranked 1st. 51 times more than United States
Sustainability-satisfying companies 19.8%
Ranked 14th.
0.0
Ranked 28th.
Marine areas under protection 229
Ranked 1st. 14 times more than Venezuela
16
Ranked 22nd.
Water > Population connected to wastewater collecting system 71.4%
Ranked 14th.
86%
Ranked 8th. 20% more than United States

Water > Proportion of marine area under protection 30.4%
Ranked 19th. 90% more than Venezuela
16.01%
Ranked 38th.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted net savings > Including particulate emission damage > Current US$ $132.56 billion
Ranked 8th. 7 times more than Venezuela
$20.36 billion
Ranked 30th.

Environmental agreement compliance 5.22
Ranked 20th. 64% more than Venezuela
3.19
Ranked 59th.
Pollution > Carbon dioxide 1999 per 1000 5.38
Ranked 8th. 4 times more than Venezuela
1.43
Ranked 62nd.
Freshwater > Withdrawal per million 1.69
Ranked 9th. 5 times more than Venezuela
0.343
Ranked 67th.
Emissions > PM10 > Country level > Micrograms per cubic meter 21.34
Ranked 131st. 2 times more than Venezuela
10.54
Ranked 169th.

Known mammal species per million 1.49
Ranked 135th.
12.75
Ranked 68th. 9 times more than United States
Wetlands of intl importance > Area per million 4.14 thousand hectares
Ranked 76th.
10.42 thousand hectares
Ranked 61st. 3 times more than United States
Areas under protection per million 12
Ranked 40th. 59% more than Venezuela
7.56
Ranked 50th.
Water > Salinisation 375.65
Ranked 98th. 2 times more than Venezuela
175.58
Ranked 125th.
Marine areas under protection per million 0.789
Ranked 36th. 27% more than Venezuela
0.62
Ranked 43th.
Areas under protection 3,481
Ranked 7th. 18 times more than Venezuela
195
Ranked 31st.
Biosphere > Reserves area per million 109.76 thousand hectares
Ranked 25th.
326.29 thousand hectares
Ranked 11th. 3 times more than United States
Fertiliser > Consumption 1,117.48 hundred grams/hectare
Ranked 48th. 22% more than Venezuela
919.7 hundred grams/hectare
Ranked 59th.
Urban NO2 concentration 60.57 micrograms/m3
Ranked 45th. 6% more than Venezuela
57 micrograms/m3
Ranked 51st.
Non-wildness 6.59%
Ranked 49th. 9 times more than Venezuela
0.75%
Ranked 111th.
Emissions > Agricultural nitrous oxide emissions > % of total 74.74%
Ranked 90th.
77.82%
Ranked 83th. 4% more than United States

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Net national savings > Current US$ $-194,522,724,898.49
Ranked 131st.
$71.44 billion
Ranked 17th.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted net savings > Excluding particulate emission damage > Current US$ $152.63 billion
Ranked 7th. 7 times more than Venezuela
$20.36 billion
Ranked 30th.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Particulate emission damage > Current US$ $20.07 billion
Ranked 2nd.
0.0
Ranked 145th.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Mineral depletion > % of GNI 0.11%
Ranked 53th.
0.63%
Ranked 39th. 6 times more than United States

Climate change > CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total > % of total fuel combustion 46.87%
Ranked 45th. 40% more than Venezuela
33.39%
Ranked 87th.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Gross savings > % of GNI 12.6%
Ranked 108th.
34.62%
Ranked 22nd. 3 times more than United States

Pollution > Greenhouse gas emissions > United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change sign date June 12, 1992 June 12, 1992
Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Total > % of internal resources 17.12%
Ranked 61st. 15 times more than Venezuela
1.16%
Ranked 119th.
Forest area > % of land area 33.08% of land area
Ranked 83th.
54.09% of land area
Ranked 33th. 64% more than United States

Water pollution > Metal industry > % of total BOD emissions 9.62%
Ranked 13th.
13.7%
Ranked 16th. 42% more than United States

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Net forest depletion > % of GNI 0.0
Ranked 87th.
0.0
Ranked 120th.

Climate change > CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services > % of total fuel combustion 10.03%
Ranked 47th. 2 times more than Venezuela
4.22%
Ranked 101st.

Freshwater > Withdrawal > Industrial 46%
Ranked 6th. 7 times more than Venezuela
7%
Ranked 56th.
Water pollution > Food industry > % of total BOD emissions 42.06%
Ranked 31st.
53.12%
Ranked 35th. 26% more than United States

Emissions > CO2 intensity > Kg per kg of oil equivalent energy use 2.49
Ranked 52nd.
2.59
Ranked 40th. 4% more than United States

Pollution perceptions > Green space and parks dissatisfaction 28.29
Ranked 49th.
58.33
Ranked 2nd. 2 times more than United States
Water pollution > Wood industry > % of total BOD emissions 4.24%
Ranked 14th. 3 times more than Venezuela
1.53%
Ranked 56th.

Water pollution > Other industry > % of total BOD emissions 13.9%
Ranked 5th. 4 times more than Venezuela
3.31%
Ranked 49th.

Climate change > CO2 emissions from residential buildings and commercial and public services > Million metric tons per million 1.7
Ranked 6th. 7 times more than Venezuela
0.228
Ranked 62nd.

Oil rents > % of GDP 0.933%
Ranked 53th.
29.98%
Ranked 12th. 32 times more than United States

Organic water pollutant > BOD emissions > Kg per day per worker 0.13 kg per day per worker
Ranked 47th.
0.21 kg per day per worker
Ranked 23th. 62% more than United States

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Net national savings > % of GNI -1.36%
Ranked 115th.
22.69%
Ranked 25th.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Energy depletion > % of GNI 1.93%
Ranked 52nd.
18.63%
Ranked 21st. 10 times more than United States

Emissions > CO2 emissions > Kg per PPP $ of GDP $0.42
Ranked 44th.
$0.50
Ranked 35th. 19% more than United States

Emissions > CO2 emissions > Kg per 2005 PPP $ of GDP $0.44
Ranked 44th.
$0.53
Ranked 36th. 20% more than United States

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Carbon dioxide damage > % of GNI 0.31%
Ranked 80th.
0.48%
Ranked 48th. 55% more than United States

Water pollution > Textile industry > % of total BOD emissions 5.42%
Ranked 40th.
7.51%
Ranked 56th. 39% more than United States

Adjusted savings > Carbon dioxide damage > % of GNI 0.34% of GNI
Ranked 93th.
0.84% of GNI
Ranked 36th. 2 times more than United States

Marine protected areas > % of territorial waters 2%
Ranked 95th. 15% more than Venezuela
1.73%
Ranked 98th.

Water pollution > Paper and pulp industry > % of total BOD emissions 10.61%
Ranked 35th. 2% more than Venezuela
10.4%
Ranked 55th.

Adjusted savings > Particulate emission damage > % of GNI 0.35% of GNI
Ranked 85th. 18 times more than Venezuela
0.02% of GNI
Ranked 155th.

Known breeding bird species 508
Ranked 8th.
547
Ranked 6th. 8% more than United States
Freshwater > Withdrawal > Domestic 13%
Ranked 68th. 2 times more than Venezuela
6%
Ranked 94th.
Adjusted net national income > Current US$, % of GDP 86.15%
Ranked 49th. 32% more than Venezuela
65.18%
Ranked 138th.

Adjusted net national income > Constant 2000 US$, % of GDP 88.62%
Ranked 31st. 2 times more than Venezuela
40.37%
Ranked 70th.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Mineral depletion > Current US$ $16.10 billion
Ranked 7th. 8 times more than Venezuela
$1.99 billion
Ranked 16th.

Natural gas rents > % of GDP 0.00603%
Ranked 78th.
1.46%
Ranked 22nd. 242 times more than United States

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Particulate emission damage > % of GNI 0.14%
Ranked 86th.
0.0
Ranked 157th.

Emissions > Agricultural methane emissions > % of total 18.38%
Ranked 102nd.
33.58%
Ranked 84th. 83% more than United States

Water pollution > Clay and glass industry > % of total BOD emissions 0.21%
Ranked 31st.
0.26%
Ranked 29th. 24% more than United States

Emissions > Industrial methane emissions > % of total 56.37%
Ranked 20th. 34% more than Venezuela
42.02%
Ranked 38th.

Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Domestic > % of total freshwater withdrawal 12.7%
Ranked 83th.
45.52%
Ranked 15th. 4 times more than United States

Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Industry > % of total freshwater withdrawal 46.05%
Ranked 20th. 7 times more than Venezuela
7.05%
Ranked 75th.

Freshwater > Annual freshwater withdrawals > Agriculture > % of total freshwater withdrawal 41.26%
Ranked 107th.
47.43%
Ranked 98th. 15% more than United States

Climate change > CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption > % of total 39.68%
Ranked 152nd.
61.89%
Ranked 106th. 56% more than United States

Climate change > CO2 emissions from gaseous fuel consumption > % of total 23.72%
Ranked 58th.
28.65%
Ranked 44th. 21% more than United States

Climate change > CO2 emissions from solid fuel consumption > % of total 35.82%
Ranked 33th. 96 times more than Venezuela
0.374%
Ranked 107th.

Climate change > Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and SF6 > Thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent 348,460
Ranked 1st. 151 times more than Venezuela
2,308
Ranked 32nd.

Water > Drinking water > Population with improved sanitation > Rural 98.6
Ranked 40th. 73% more than Venezuela
56.91
Ranked 127th.

Water > Suspended solids 4.19 mls/litre
Ranked 95th. 7% more than Venezuela
3.93 mls/litre
Ranked 107th.
Biodiversity and protected areas > Marine protected areas > % of total surface area 67.57%
Ranked 3rd. 6 times more than Venezuela
10.87%
Ranked 19th.
Biodiversity and protected areas > Terrestrial protected areas > % of total surface area 27.08%
Ranked 26th.
71.35%
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than United States
Adjusted savings > Adjusted net savings > Including particulate emission damage > % of GNI 0.93%
Ranked 90th.
6.47%
Ranked 72nd. 7 times more than United States

Known breeding bird species per million 1.77
Ranked 140th.
21.59
Ranked 70th. 12 times more than United States
Climate change > CO2 emissions from liquid fuel consumption > Kt 2.16 million
Ranked 1st. 17 times more than Venezuela
124,854.02
Ranked 20th.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Net forest depletion > Current US$ 0.0
Ranked 95th.
0.0
Ranked 129th.

Adjusted savings > Adjusted net savings > Excluding particulate emission damage > % of GNI 1.07%
Ranked 91st.
6.47%
Ranked 74th. 6 times more than United States

Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Energy depletion > Current US$ $276.06 billion
Ranked 3rd. 5 times more than Venezuela
$58.67 billion
Ranked 10th.

PM10 > Country level > Micrograms per cubic meter 22.63 mcg/m³
Ranked 140th. 3 times more than Venezuela
6.84 mcg/m³
Ranked 178th.

Climate change > GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF > Mt of CO2 equivalent -990.062
Ranked 41st. 69 times more than Venezuela
-14.291
Ranked 27th.
Water > Phosphorus concentration 0.08 mls/litre
Ranked 127th.
0.45 mls/litre
Ranked 42nd. 6 times more than United States
Pollution perceptions > Green space and parks satisfaction 71.71
Ranked 11th. 72% more than Venezuela
41.67
Ranked 8th.
Total natural resources rents > % of GDP 1.73%
Ranked 104th.
32.49%
Ranked 20th. 19 times more than United States

Water pollution > Chemical industry > % of total BOD emissions 13.95%
Ranked 9th. 37% more than Venezuela
10.16%
Ranked 23th.

Freshwater > Withdrawal > Agricultural 41%
Ranked 108th.
47%
Ranked 103th. 15% more than United States
CO2 Emissions 5.76 million
Ranked 1st. 42 times more than Venezuela
136,686
Ranked 25th.
Adjusted savings > Adjusted savings > Consumption of fixed capital > % of GNI 13.96%
Ranked 18th. 17% more than Venezuela
11.93%
Ranked 58th.

Climate change > GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF > Mt of CO2 equivalent per million -3.227
Ranked 33th. 5 times more than Venezuela
-0.597
Ranked 19th.
Climate change > CO2 emissions from other sectors, excluding residential buildings and commercial and public services > % of total fuel combustion 0.816%
Ranked 102nd.
-0.00628%
Ranked 134th.

SOURCES: The Changing Wealth of Nations: Measuring Sustainable Development in the New Millennium; World Resources Institute. 2003. Carbon Emissions from energy use and cement manufacturing, 1850 to 2000. Available on-line through the Climate Analysis Indicators Tool (CAIT) at Washington, DC: World Resources Institute. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Energy Agency; International Energy Agency. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), Living Planet Report 2000, Gland, Switzerland: 2000, and Redefining Progress.; FAOSTAT on-line database; pollution; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; traffic; World Bank, World Development Indicators 2001, Washington, DC: World Bank, 2001 (for BOD emissions)and Center for Environmental Systems Research, University of Kassel, WaterGap 2.1, 2000 (for data on waterquantity). via ciesin.org; World Development Indicators database; FAOSTAT on-line database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Center for Environmental Systems Research, University of Kassel, WaterGap 2.1, 2000 via ciesin.org; UNEP, Production and Consumption of Ozone Depleting Substances, 1986-1998, October 1999. via ciesin.org; United Nations Environmental Program and the World Conservation Monitoring Centre, and International Union for Conservation of Nature, Red List of Threatened Species.; United Nations Environmental Program and the World Conservation Monitoring Centre; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Wikipedia: List of national parks (Africa); Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, United States.; United Nations Environmental Program and the World Conservation Monitoring Centre; Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center; World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; The Changing Wealth of Nations: Measuring Sustainable Development in the New Millennium. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. 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