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Estonia

Estonian Energy Stats

Definitions

  • Adjusted savings: energy depletion > Current US$: Adjusted savings: energy depletion (current US$). Energy depletion is the ratio of the value of the stock of energy resources to the remaining reserve lifetime (capped at 25 years). It covers coal, crude oil, and natural gas.
  • Adjusted savings: energy depletion > Current US$ per capita: Adjusted savings: energy depletion (current US$). Energy depletion is the ratio of the value of the stock of energy resources to the remaining reserve lifetime (capped at 25 years). It covers coal, crude oil, and natural gas. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy: This entry is the total amount of carbon dioxide, measured in metric tons, released by burning fossil fuels in the process of producing and consuming energy.
  • Coal > Consumption by households > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Commercial energy use: Commercial energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita). Commercial energy use refers to apparent consumption, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport.
  • Crude oil > Imports per thousand people: This entry is the total amount of crude oil imported, in barrels per day (bbl/day). Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Crude oil > Production: This entry is the total amount of crude oil produced, in barrels per day (bbl/day).
  • Crude oil > Production per thousand people: This entry is the total amount of crude oil produced, in barrels per day (bbl/day). Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Crude oil > Proved reserves: This entry is the stock of proved reserves of crude oil, in barrels (bbl). Proved reserves are those quantities of petroleum which, by analysis of geological and engineering data, can be estimated with a high degree of confidence to be commercially recoverable from a given date forward, from known reservoirs and under current economic conditions.
  • Crude oil > Proved reserves per capita: This entry is the stock of proved reserves of crude oil, in barrels (bbl). Proved reserves are those quantities of petroleum which, by analysis of geological and engineering data, can be estimated with a high degree of confidence to be commercially recoverable from a given date forward, from known reservoirs and under current economic conditions. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Electric power > Consumption > KWh: Electric power consumption measures the production of power plants and combined heat and power plants less transmission, distribution, and transformation losses and own use by heat and power plants.
  • Electric power > Consumption > KWh per capita: Electric power consumption measures the production of power plants and combined heat and power plants less transmission, distribution, and transformation losses and own use by heat and power plants. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Electric power consumption > KWh: Electric power consumption (kWh). Electric power consumption measures the production of power plants and combined heat and power plants less transmission, distribution, and transformation losses and own use by heat and power plants.
  • Electric power consumption > KWh per capita: Electric power consumption (kWh per capita). Electric power consumption measures the production of power plants and combined heat and power plants less transmission, distribution, and transformation losses and own use by heat and power plants.
  • Electric power transmission and distribution losses > KWh: Electric power transmission and distribution losses (kWh). Electric power transmission and distribution losses include losses in transmission between sources of supply and points of distribution and in the distribution to consumers, including pilferage.
  • Electrical outages > Days: Electrical outages are the average number of days per year that establishments experience power outages or surges from the public grid.
  • Electricity > Consumption: Total electricity consumed annually plus imports and minus exports, expressed in kilowatt-hours. The discrepancy between the amount of electricity generated and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is accounted for as loss in transmission and distribution.
  • Electricity > Consumption > Per capita: Total electricity consumed annually plus imports and minus exports, expressed in kilowatt-hours. The discrepancy between the amount of electricity generated and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is accounted for as loss in transmission and distribution. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Electricity > Consumption by households per capita: . Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Electricity > Consumption per capita: Total electricity consumed annually plus imports and minus exports, expressed in kilowatt-hours. The discrepancy between the amount of electricity generated and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is accounted for as loss in transmission and distribution. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Electricity > From other renewable sources: This entry measures the capacity of plants that generate electricity by using renewable energy sources other than hydroelectric (including, for example, wind, waves, solar, and geothermal), expressed as a share of the country's total generating capacity.
  • Electricity > Installed generating capacity: This entry is the total capacity of currently installed generators, expressed in kilowatts (kW), to produce electricity. A 10-kilowatt (kW) generator will produce 10 kilowatt hours (kWh) of electricity, if it runs continuously for one hour.
  • Electricity > Installed generating capacity per thousand people: This entry is the total capacity of currently installed generators, expressed in kilowatts (kW), to produce electricity. A 10-kilowatt (kW) generator will produce 10 kilowatt hours (kWh) of electricity, if it runs continuously for one hour. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Electricity > Production: The annual electricity generated expressed in kilowatt-hours. The discrepancy between the amount of electricity generated and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is accounted for as loss in transmission and distribution.
  • Electricity > Production > KWh: Electricity production is measured at the terminals of all alternator sets in a station. In addition to hydropower, coal, oil, gas, and nuclear power generation, it covers generation by geothermal, solar, wind, and tide and wave energy, as well as that from combustible renewables and waste. Production includes the output of electricity plants that are designed to produce electricity only as well as that of combined heat and power plants."
  • Electricity > Production > Per capita: The annual electricity generated expressed in kilowatt-hours. The discrepancy between the amount of electricity generated and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is accounted for as loss in transmission and distribution. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Electricity > Production per capita: The annual electricity generated expressed in kilowatt-hours. The discrepancy between the amount of electricity generated and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is accounted for as loss in transmission and distribution. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Electricity production > KWh: Electricity production (kWh). Electricity production is measured at the terminals of all alternator sets in a station. In addition to hydropower, coal, oil, gas, and nuclear power generation, it covers generation by geothermal, solar, wind, and tide and wave energy, as well as that from combustible renewables and waste. Production includes the output of electricity plants that are designed to produce electricity only as well as that of combined heat and power plants.
  • Electricity production > KWh per capita: Electricity production (kWh). Electricity production is measured at the terminals of all alternator sets in a station. In addition to hydropower, coal, oil, gas, and nuclear power generation, it covers generation by geothermal, solar, wind, and tide and wave energy, as well as that from combustible renewables and waste. Production includes the output of electricity plants that are designed to produce electricity only as well as that of combined heat and power plants. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Electricity production from coal sources > KWh: Electricity production from coal sources (kWh). Sources of electricity refer to the inputs used to generate electricity. Coal refers to all coal and brown coal, both primary (including hard coal and lignite-brown coal) and derived fuels (including patent fuel, coke oven coke, gas coke, coke oven gas, and blast furnace gas). Peat is also included in this category.
  • Electricity production from coal sources > KWh per capita: Electricity production from coal sources (kWh). Sources of electricity refer to the inputs used to generate electricity. Coal refers to all coal and brown coal, both primary (including hard coal and lignite-brown coal) and derived fuels (including patent fuel, coke oven coke, gas coke, coke oven gas, and blast furnace gas). Peat is also included in this category. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Electricity production from hydroelectric sources > KWh: Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (kWh). Sources of electricity refer to the inputs used to generate electricity. Hydropower refers to electricity produced by hydroelectric power plants.
  • Electricity production from hydroelectric sources > KWh per capita: Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (kWh). Sources of electricity refer to the inputs used to generate electricity. Hydropower refers to electricity produced by hydroelectric power plants. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Electricity production from natural gas sources > KWh: Electricity production from natural gas sources (kWh). Sources of electricity refer to the inputs used to generate electricity. Gas refers to natural gas but excludes natural gas liquids.
  • Electricity production from natural gas sources > KWh per capita: Electricity production from natural gas sources (kWh). Sources of electricity refer to the inputs used to generate electricity. Gas refers to natural gas but excludes natural gas liquids. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Electricity production from nuclear sources > KWh: Electricity production from nuclear sources (kWh). Sources of electricity refer to the inputs used to generate electricity. Nuclear power refers to electricity produced by nuclear power plants.
  • Electricity production from oil sources > KWh: Electricity production from oil sources (kWh). Sources of electricity refer to the inputs used to generate electricity. Oil refers to crude oil and petroleum products.
  • Electricity production from renewable sources > KWh: Electricity production from renewable sources (kWh). Electricity production from renewable sources includes hydropower, geothermal, solar, tides, wind, biomass, and biofuels.
  • Electricity production from renewable sources > KWh per capita: Electricity production from renewable sources (kWh). Electricity production from renewable sources includes hydropower, geothermal, solar, tides, wind, biomass, and biofuels. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric > KWh: Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (kWh). Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric, includes geothermal, solar, tides, wind, biomass, and biofuels.
  • Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric > KWh per capita: Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric (kWh). Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric, includes geothermal, solar, tides, wind, biomass, and biofuels. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Production > Kilotons of oil equivalent: Energy production refers to forms of primary energy--petroleum (crude oil, natural gas liquids, and oil from nonconventional sources), natural gas, solid fuels (coal, lignite, and other derived fuels), and combustible renewables and waste--and primary electricity, all converted into oil equivalents."
  • Energy use > Equivalent in kilograms of oil per capita: Energy use refers to use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport."
  • Energy use > Kg of oil equivalent per $1,000 GDP > Constant 2005 PPP: Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per $1,000 GDP (constant 2005 PPP). Energy use per PPP GDP is the kilogram of oil equivalent of energy use per constant PPP GDP. Energy use refers to use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport. PPP GDP is gross domestic product converted to 2005 constant international dollars using purchasing power parity rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GDP as a U.S. dollar has in the United States.
  • Energy use > Kg of oil equivalent per capita: Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita). Energy use refers to use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport.
  • Gasoline > Pump price for gasoline > US$ per liter: Pump price for gasoline (US$ per liter). Fuel prices refer to the pump prices of the most widely sold grade of gasoline. Prices have been converted from the local currency to U.S. dollars.
  • Gasoline > Road sector gasoline fuel consumption > Kt of oil equivalent: Road sector gasoline fuel consumption (kt of oil equivalent). Gasoline is light hydrocarbon oil use in internal combustion engine such as motor vehicles, excluding aircraft.
  • Gasoline > Road sector gasoline fuel consumption per capita > Kg of oil equivalent: Road sector gasoline fuel consumption per capita (kg of oil equivalent). Gasoline is light hydrocarbon oil use in internal combustion engine such as motor vehicles, excluding aircraft.
  • Gasoline prices: Ratio of premium gasoline price to world average
    Units: Ratio of Gasoline Price to World Average
    Units: Pump price for super gasoline (US$ per liter): Fuel prices refer to the pump prices of the most widely sold grade of gasoline. Prices have been converted from the local currency to U.S. dollars, and the ratio of the gas price to the world average in the same time period was used in order to normalize the data. For more information, see World Development Indicators, Table 3.12.
  • Hydroelectric power > Production > KWh: Sources of electricity refer to the inputs used to generate electricity. Hydropower refers to electricity produced by hydroelectric power plants.
  • Hydroelectricity > Consumption: Figures for year 2003 in billion kilowatthours
  • Natural gas > Consumption: This entry is the total natural gas consumed in cubic meters (cu m). The discrepancy between the amount of natural gas produced and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is due to the omission of stock changes and other complicating factors.
  • Natural gas > Consumption per capita: This entry is the total natural gas consumed in cubic meters (cu m). The discrepancy between the amount of natural gas produced and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is due to the omission of stock changes and other complicating factors. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Natural gas > Proved reserves: This entry is the stock of proved reserves of natural gas in cubic meters (cu m). Proved reserves are those quantities of natural gas, which, by analysis of geological and engineering data, can be estimated with a high degree of confidence to be commercially recoverable from a given date forward, from known reservoirs and under current economic conditions.
  • Oil > Consumption: This entry is the total oil consumed in barrels per day (bbl/day). The discrepancy between the amount of oil produced and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is due to the omission of stock changes, refinery gains, and other complicating factors.
  • Oil > Consumption > Per capita: This entry is the total oil consumed in barrels per day (bbl/day). The discrepancy between the amount of oil produced and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is due to the omission of stock changes, refinery gains, and other complicating factors. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Oil > Consumption per 1000: This entry is the total oil consumed in barrels per day (bbl/day). The discrepancy between the amount of oil produced and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is due to the omission of stock changes, refinery gains, and other complicating factors. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Oil > Exports: This entry is the total oil exported in barrels per day (bbl/day), including both crude oil and oil products.
  • Oil > Imports: This entry is the total oil imported in barrels per day (bbl/day), including both crude oil and oil products.
  • Oil > Production: This entry is the total oil produced in barrels per day (bbl/day). The discrepancy between the amount of oil produced and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is due to the omission of stock changes, refinery gains, and other complicating factors.
  • Oil > Production > Per capita: This entry is the total oil produced in barrels per day (bbl/day). The discrepancy between the amount of oil produced and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is due to the omission of stock changes, refinery gains, and other complicating factors. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Oil > Production per 1000: This entry is the total oil produced in barrels per day (bbl/day). The discrepancy between the amount of oil produced and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is due to the omission of stock changes, refinery gains, and other complicating factors. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Oil > Proved > Reserves per capita: This entry is the stock of proved reserves of crude oil in barrels (bbl). Proved reserves are those quantities of petroleum which, by analysis of geological and engineering data, can be estimated with a high degree of confidence to be commercially recoverable from a given date forward, from known reservoirs and under current economic conditions. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Power outages in firms in a typical month > Number: Power outages in firms in a typical month (number). Power outages are the average number of power outages that establishments experience in a typical month.
  • Refined petroleum products > Consumption: This entry is the country's total consumption of refined petroleum products, in barrels per day (bbl/day). The discrepancy between the amount of refined petroleum products produced and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is due to the omission of stock changes, refinery gains, and other complicating factors.
  • Refined petroleum products > Consumption per thousand people: This entry is the country's total consumption of refined petroleum products, in barrels per day (bbl/day). The discrepancy between the amount of refined petroleum products produced and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is due to the omission of stock changes, refinery gains, and other complicating factors. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Wind power > Installed windpower capacity > Megawatts: Installed wind power capacity around the world.
STAT AMOUNT DATE RANK HISTORY
Adjusted savings: energy depletion > Current US$ $301.43 million 2011 84th out of 211
Adjusted savings: energy depletion > Current US$ per capita $224.96 2011 42nd out of 211
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 20.26 million Mt 2011 84th out of 210
Charcoal > Production from charcoal plants 5,000 ton 2005 101st out of 119
Coal > Consumption by households > Per capita 21.54 ton per 1,000 people 2005 8th out of 34
Commercial energy use 3,302.61 2000 31st out of 116
Crude oil > Imports per thousand people 0.0 2010 153th out of 184
Crude oil > Production 11,000 bbl/day 2012 88th out of 203
Crude oil > Production per thousand people 8.21 bbl/day 2012 43th out of 202
Crude oil > Proved reserves 0.0 2013 164th out of 193
Crude oil > Proved reserves per capita 0.0 2013 163th out of 192
Electric power > Consumption > KWh 7.4 billion kWh 2004 88th out of 131
Electric power > Consumption > KWh per capita 5,482.88 kWh 2004 35th out of 128
Electric power consumption > KWh 8.38 billion 2011 95th out of 135
Electric power consumption > KWh per capita 6,255.56 2011 31st out of 135
Electric power transmission and distribution losses > KWh 949 million 2011 103th out of 134
Electrical outages > Days 1.24 days 2005 32nd out of 41
Electricity > Consumption 7.95 billion kWh 2010 64th out of 166
Electricity > Consumption > Per capita 5,466.65 kWh per capita 2006 42nd out of 188
Electricity > Consumption by households 1.62 billion kWh 2005 94th out of 188
Electricity > Consumption by households per capita 1,203.48 kWh 2005 47th out of 174
Electricity > Consumption per capita 5,282.51 kWh 2009 11th out of 35
Electricity > Exports 4.95 billion kWh 2012 21st out of 156
Electricity > From other renewable sources 6.4% of total installed capacity 2010 30th out of 184
Electricity > Installed generating capacity 2.75 million kW 2010 75th out of 186
Electricity > Installed generating capacity per thousand people 2,052.74 kW 2010 25th out of 184
Electricity > Production 12.19 billion kWh 2011 64th out of 95
Electricity > Production > KWh 12.19 billion 2007 79th out of 129
Electricity > Production > Per capita 6,829.02 kWh per capita 2006 16th out of 138
Electricity > Production per capita 6,550.17 kWh 2009 7th out of 35
Electricity production > KWh 11.97 billion 2012 33th out of 34
Electricity production > KWh per capita 8,933.88 2012 10th out of 34
Electricity production from coal sources > KWh 10.21 billion 2012 21st out of 34
Electricity production from coal sources > KWh per capita 7,622.84 2012 2nd out of 34
Electricity production from hydroelectric sources > KWh 42 million 2012 32nd out of 34
Electricity production from hydroelectric sources > KWh per capita 31.36 2012 30th out of 34
Electricity production from natural gas sources > KWh 125 million 2012 33th out of 34
Electricity production from natural gas sources > KWh per capita 93.33 2012 33th out of 34
Electricity production from nuclear sources > KWh 0.0 2012 29th out of 34
Electricity production from oil sources > KWh 58 million 2012 29th out of 34
Electricity production from renewable sources > KWh 1.48 billion 2012 32nd out of 34
Electricity production from renewable sources > KWh per capita 1,101.24 2012 19th out of 34
Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric > KWh 1.43 billion 2012 30th out of 34
Electricity production from renewable sources, excluding hydroelectric > KWh per capita 1,069.89 2012 9th out of 34
Production > Kilotons of oil equivalent 4,396 2007 89th out of 129
Energy use > Equivalent in kilograms of oil per capita 4,198.49 2007 26th out of 129
Energy use > Kg of oil equivalent per $1,000 GDP > Constant 2005 PPP $225.66 2012 2nd out of 35
Energy use > Kg of oil equivalent per capita 4,271.07 2012 12th out of 35
Fuelwood > Consumption by households 479,610 m³ 2005 88th out of 115
Gas-diesel oils > Consumption in agriculture 66,000 ton 2005 63th out of 95
Gas-diesel oils > Consumption in road transport 311,000 ton 2005 94th out of 160
Gasoline > Pump price for gasoline > US$ per liter $1.76 2012 43th out of 166
Gasoline > Road sector gasoline fuel consumption > Kt of oil equivalent 275 2010 107th out of 136
Gasoline > Road sector gasoline fuel consumption per capita > Kg of oil equivalent 205.2 2010 36th out of 137
Gasoline prices 0.98 2002 78th out of 141
Hydroelectric power > Production > KWh 21 million 2007 109th out of 129
Hydroelectricity > Consumption 0.01 2003 143th out of 212
Liquefied Petroleum Gas > Exports 1,000 ton 2000 64th out of 65
Natural gas > Consumption 701 million cu m 2010 75th out of 187
Natural gas > Consumption per capita 761.04 cu m 2009 29th out of 53
Natural gas > Production 2012 49th out of 51
Natural gas > Proved reserves 0.0 2013 170th out of 199
Oil > Consumption 30,000 bbl/day 2009 103th out of 193
Oil > Consumption > Per capita 22.7 bbl/day per 1,000 peopl 2006 48th out of 170
Oil > Consumption per 1000 22.38 bbl/day 2009 64th out of 182
Oil > Exports 7,280 bbl/day 2007 54th out of 142
Oil > Imports 30,590 bbl/day 2007 55th out of 149
Oil > Production 7,600 bbl/day 2009 78th out of 180
Oil > Production > Per capita 5.65 bbl/day per 1,000 peopl 2007 48th out of 111
Oil > Production per 1000 5.67 bbl/day 2009 43th out of 168
Oil > Proved > Reserves per capita 0.0 2010 159th out of 186
Power outages in firms in a typical month > Number 0.7 2009 40th out of 52
Refined petroleum products > Consumption 26,340 bbl/day 2011 119th out of 208
Refined petroleum products > Consumption per thousand people 19.66 bbl/day 2011 80th out of 205
Wind power > Installed windpower capacity > Megawatts 148.6 Megawatts 2010 35th out of 40

SOURCES: The Changing Wealth of Nations: Measuring Sustainable Development in the New Millennium; The Changing Wealth of Nations: Measuring Sustainable Development in the New Millennium. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; Source: Energy Statistics Database | United Nations Statistics Division; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Development Indicators database; World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Energy Agency; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; Source: Energy Statistics Database | United Nations Statistics Division. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Energy Agency (IEA Statistics \xA9 OECD/IEA, http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), Energy Statistics and Balances of Non-OECD Countries, Energy Statistics of OECD Countries, and Energy Balances of OECD Countries.; International Energy Agency. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; IEA; IEA. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Energy Agency (IEA Statistics \xA9 OECD/IEA, http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp).; German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ).; German Agency for Technical Cooperation (GTZ), Fuel Prices and Taxation (1999) and the electronic update for2000. Available from World Bank, World Development Indicators 2002, WDI table 3.12. via ciesin.org; Energy Information Administration; World Bank, Enterprise Surveys; World Wind Energy Association, World Wind Energy Report 2008.

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