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United States

United States Education Stats

chris.lockyer781

Author: chris.lockyer781

In the US, all children have access to public education until they complete high school. Children in the US begin their schooling around the age of 5 or 6, and may withdraw at 15. Preschool education and childcare exists in every city within the US, but parents do not receive financial aid unless they qualify. In the US, childcare is not guaranteed to parents.

All US students have the option of attending private schools, but public funding for those schools isn’t provided. There are, however, special charter schools that do offer an alternative and do belong to the public school system. Upon graduating high school, many US students go on to pursue advanced degrees at community, state, or private colleges. Colleges in the US are not free, unless the student receives a special scholarship or loan. However, state and community colleges are low-cost options, and state colleges are publicly funded.

Definitions

  • Average years of schooling of adults: Average years of schooling of adults is the years of formal schooling received, on average, by adults over age 15. (Data Source: Barro-Lee Data Set www.worldbank.org/html/prdmg/grthweb/ddbarle2.htm)
  • Child care (preschool) > Duration: Number of years students study at the pre-primary (preschool) level. It should be noted that not all countries require pre-primary education.
  • Child care (preschool) > Starting age: Average age at which students begin pre-primary (preschool) education.
  • Child care (preschool) > Students per teacher: Number of students per teacher for pre-primary (preschool) education.
  • Children out of school > Primary: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • Children out of school, primary: Children out of school, primary. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Total is the total number of primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • Children out of school, primary per 1000: Children out of school, primary. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Total is the total number of primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Children out of school, primary, female: Children out of school, primary, female. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Female is the total number of female primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • Children out of school, primary, female per 1000: Children out of school, primary, female. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Female is the total number of female primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Children out of school, primary, male: Children out of school, primary, male. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Male is the total number of male primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • Children out of school, primary, male per 1000: Children out of school, primary, male. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Male is the total number of male primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • College and university > Gender parity index: Country's gender parity index for college and university enrollment. For countries with a rating of over 1, more females are enrolled while countries with a rating under 1 have more males enrolled.
  • College and university > Gender ratio: Ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment is the percentage of men to women enrolled at tertiary level in public and private schools.
  • College and university > Private school share: Percentage of post-secondary students who attend a private school, college, or university.
  • College and university > Share of total education spending: Percentage of government education funding that goes to post-secondary education.
  • College and university > Teachers > Proportion of teachers female: Percentage of country's college and university professors that are female.
  • Compulsary education duration: Number of years students are required to be enrolled in school for all levels of education. For instance, compulsary education lasts for 12 years in the United States.
  • Compulsary education starting age: Age at which children must be enrolled in school.
  • Duration of compulsory education: Duration of compulsory education is the number of grades (or years) that a child must legally be enrolled in school.
  • Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Educational attainment > Tertiary: Percentage of adult population (aged 25-64) educated till tertiary level (year 2000).
  • Elementary (primary school) > Duration: Number of years students study at the primary level.
  • Elementary (primary school) > Starting age: Average age at which students begin primary education.
  • Elementary school graduate rate: Persistence to last grade of primary is the percentage of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach the last grade of primary education. The estimate is based on the reconstructed cohort method.
  • Government spending on education > Proportion of GDP: Percentage of public funding for education out of country's total GDP.
  • High school > Gender parity index: Country's gender parity index for secondary level enrollment. For countries with a rating of over 1, more females are enrolled while countries with a rating under 1 have more males enrolled.
  • High school > Gender ratio: Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • High school > Lower secondary school duration: Number of years students study at the lower secondary (middle school) level.
  • High school > Population with at least high school education > Women: Population with at least high school education > Women.
  • High school > Private school share: Percentage of secondary students who attend a private school.
  • High school > Students per teacher: Number of students per teacher for all levels of secondary education.
  • High school > Upper secondary school duration: Number of years students study at the upper secondary (high school) level.
  • High school starting age > Years: Secondary school starting age is the age at which students would enter secondary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade."
  • Homeschooling legal status: Legal status of homeschooling.
  • International Baccalaureate schools: Number of schools of any level teaching the curriculum of the International Baccalaureate Organization (IBO).
  • Literacy > Definition: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Literacy > Female: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Literacy > Male: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Literacy > Reading performance > Access and retrieve: Access and retrieve.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Literacy > Reading performance > Overall: Overall.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Literacy > Reading performance > Overall reading skills: Overall.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Literacy > Total population: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Mathematical literacy: Mathematical literacy mean value of performance scale 15 years old 2000
  • Preschool enrollment rate: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music."
  • Primary education > Teachers > Per capita: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Primary education, duration > Years: Primary education, duration (years). Duration of primary is the number of grades (years) in primary education.
  • Primary education, pupils: Primary education, pupils. Enrolment in primary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in public and private primary education institutions.
  • Primary education, pupils per 1000: Primary education, pupils. Enrolment in primary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in public and private primary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Primary education, teachers: Primary education, teachers. Teaching staff in primary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private primary education institutions. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Primary education, teachers per 1000: Primary education, teachers. Teaching staff in primary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private primary education institutions. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Public spending per student > Primary level: Public expenditure per student, primary level is the total reported current spending by the government on primary education, divided by the total number of pupils in primary education, expressed as a percentage of per capita GDP.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio > Primary: Primary school pupil-teacher ratio is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers (regardless of their teaching assignment).
  • Pupil-teacher ratio, primary: Pupil-teacher ratio, primary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Primary is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary: Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Secondary is the number of pupils enrolled in secondary school divided by the number of secondary school teachers.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary per million: Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Secondary is the number of pupils enrolled in secondary school divided by the number of secondary school teachers. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Reading literacy: Reading literacy mean value of performance scale (15 years old, 2000)
  • School life expectancy > Total: School life expectancy and transition from primary to secondary for school years 1998/99 and 1999/00, published in http://www.uis.unesco.org accessed on Sept. 2002 and Women's Indicators and Statistics Database (Wistat), Version 4, CD-ROM (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.00.XVII.4) based on data provided by UNESCO in 1999.
  • Schools connected to the Internet: Schools connected to the Internet are the share of primary and secondary schools in the country that have access to the Internet.
  • Scientific and technical journal articles: Scientific and technical journal articles refer to the number of scientific and engineering articles published in the following fields: physics, biology, chemistry, mathematics, clinical medicine, biomedical research, engineering and technology, and earth and space sciences.
  • Scientific literacy: Scientific literacy mean value of performance scale 15 years old (2000)
  • Scouting > Genders admitted: Admits boys/girls.
  • Secondary education > General pupils: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training.
  • Secondary education > Teachers > Per capita: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Secondary education, duration > Years: Secondary education, duration (years). Duration of secondary education is the number of grades (years) in secondary education (ISCED 2 & 3).
  • Secondary education, general pupils: Secondary education, general pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. General programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in general programmes at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • Secondary education, pupils: Secondary education, pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • Secondary education, pupils per 1000: Secondary education, pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled at public and private secondary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education, teachers: Secondary education, teachers. Teaching staff in total secondary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private secondary education institutions (ISCED 2 and 3). Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Secondary education, teachers per 1000: Secondary education, teachers. Teaching staff in total secondary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private secondary education institutions (ISCED 2 and 3). Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary school starting age > Years: Secondary school starting age (years). Entrance age of 2A lower secondary is the age at which students would enter lower secondary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade.
  • Spending > Proportion: Education expenditure refers to the current operating expenditures in education, including wages and salaries and excluding capital investments in buildings and equipment. Expressed as a proportion of GNI."
  • Spending > USD: Education expenditure refers to the current operating expenditures in education, including wages and salaries and excluding capital investments in buildings and equipment."
  • Spending per student > College and university: Public expenditure per student is the public current spending on education divided by the total number of students by level, as a percentage of GDP per capita. Public expenditure (current and capital) includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • Spending per student > Elementary school: Public expenditure per student is the public current spending on education divided by the total number of students by level, as a percentage of GDP per capita. Public expenditure (current and capital) includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • Spending per student > High school: Public expenditure per student is the public current spending on education divided by the total number of students by level, as a percentage of GDP per capita. Public expenditure (current and capital) includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • Teachers as percentage of labor force: The percentage share of the total labor force who are classroom, academic staff, and other teachers. Data for 1999.
  • Tertiary > Students studying abroad: Total number of post-secondary students who were studying abroad during given year.
  • Tertiary > Students studying abroad proportion: The number of students from a given country studying abroad in a given year, expressed as a percentage of total tertiary enrollment in that country. Ratios greater than 100 % are possible, because those currently studying abroad do not count towards total enrollment.
  • Tertiary enrollment: Gross enrolment ratio, tertiary level is the sum of all tertiary level students enrolled at the start of the school year, expressed as a percentage of the mid-year population in the 5 year age group after the official secondary school leaving age.
STAT AMOUNT DATE RANK HISTORY
Average years of schooling of adults 12 2000 1st out of 100
Child care (preschool) > Duration 3 2012 47th out of 204
Child care (preschool) > Starting age 3 2012 103th out of 204
Child care (preschool) > Students per teacher 14.96 2011 64th out of 115
Children out of school > Primary 1.62 million 2004 2nd out of 121
Children out of school, primary 1.76 million 2011 3rd out of 116
Children out of school, primary per 1000 5.64 2011 47th out of 116
Children out of school, primary, female 780,465 2011 3rd out of 102
Children out of school, primary, female per 1000 2.5 2011 48th out of 102
Children out of school, primary, male 976,866 2011 3rd out of 102
Children out of school, primary, male per 1000 3.14 2011 43th out of 102
College and university > Gender parity index 1.41 2010 33th out of 122
College and university > Gender ratio 140.06 2008 29th out of 87
College and university > Private school share 27.95% 2011 46th out of 110
College and university > Share of total education spending 25.65% 2010 26th out of 109
College and university > Teachers > Proportion of teachers female 47% 2010 7th out of 30
Compulsary education duration 12 2011 14th out of 188
Compulsary education starting age 6 2011 66th out of 188
Duration of compulsory education 12 years 2000 10th out of 159
Education enrolment by level > Primary level 24.85 million 2002 4th out of 173
Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level 16.61 million 2002 1st out of 130
Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level > Per capita 57.61 per 1,000 people 2002 4th out of 125
Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level per 1000 57.75 2002 4th out of 128
Education expenditure of government > As percentage of GNI 5.9% 2004 23th out of 101
Education expenditure of government > As percentage of total government 15.3% 2004 38th out of 76
Educational attainment > Tertiary 37% 2000 2nd out of 18
Elementary (primary school) > Duration 6 2012 59th out of 212
Elementary (primary school) > Starting age 6 2012 77th out of 212
Elementary school graduate rate 95.34 2006 40th out of 94
Girls to boys ratio > Primary level enrolment 0.99 2005 49th out of 149
Girls to boys ratio > Secondary level enrolment 1.02 2005 54th out of 140
Girls to boys ratio > Tertiary level enrolment 1.4 2005 22nd out of 96
Government spending on education > Proportion of GDP 5.62% 2010 39th out of 115
High school > Gender parity index 1.01 2010 68th out of 141
High school > Gender ratio 99.5 2008 59th out of 116
High school > Lower secondary school duration 3 2012 105th out of 205
High school > Population with at least high school education > Women 94.7% 2010 14th out of 155
High school > Private school share 8.27% 2011 86th out of 128
High school > Students per teacher 14.49 2011 57th out of 103
High school > Upper secondary school duration 3 2012 73th out of 205
High school starting age > Years 12 2009 55th out of 176
Homeschooling legal status Legal under regulating conditions, varies by state. 2014
International Baccalaureate schools 1,489 2014 1st out of 17
Literacy > Definition age 15 and over can read and write 2003
Literacy > Female 99% 2003 17th out of 157
Literacy > Male 99% 2003 28th out of 157
Literacy > Reading performance > Access and retrieve 492 2014 25th out of 62
Literacy > Reading performance > Overall 500 2014 15th out of 62
Literacy > Reading performance > Overall reading skills 500 2014 15th out of 62
Literacy > Total population 99% 2003 20th out of 161
Mathematical literacy 493 2000 18th out of 27
Preschool enrollment rate 98.77 2008 94th out of 135
Primary education > Teachers > Per capita 5.88 per 1,000 people 2004 44th out of 146
Primary education, duration > Years 6 2012 53th out of 200
Primary education, pupils 24.43 million 2011 5th out of 155
Primary education, pupils per 1000 78.41 2011 97th out of 155
Primary education, teachers 1.71 million 2011 5th out of 134
Primary education, teachers per 1000 5.49 2011 49th out of 134
Public spending per student > Primary level 17.9 2002 21st out of 70
Pupil-teacher ratio > Primary 14.21 2004 120th out of 147
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary 14.29 2011 98th out of 131
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary 14.49 2011 56th out of 99
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary per million 0.0465 2011 96th out of 99
Reading literacy 504 2000 15th out of 27
School life expectancy > Total 15.2 years 2002 14th out of 110
Schools connected to the Internet 100% 2006 2nd out of 10
Scientific and technical journal articles 211,233 2003 1st out of 92
Scientific literacy 499 2000 14th out of 27
Scouting > Genders admitted both for Venturing, boys only for non-Venturing 2014
Secondary education > General pupils 24.19 million 2004 3rd out of 157
Secondary education > Teachers > Per capita 5.5 per 1,000 people 2004 65th out of 127
Secondary education, duration > Years 6 2012 102nd out of 197
Secondary education, general pupils 24.21 million 2011 3rd out of 147
Secondary education, pupils 24.21 million 2011 4th out of 140
Secondary education, pupils per 1000 77.71 2011 76th out of 140
Secondary education, teachers 1.67 million 2011 4th out of 101
Secondary education, teachers per 1000 5.36 2011 56th out of 101
Secondary school starting age > Years 12 2012 59th out of 196
Spending > Proportion 4.79 2008 54th out of 168
Spending > USD 684.04 billion 2008 1st out of 154
Spending per student > College and university 22.04 2007 37th out of 56
Spending per student > Elementary school 22.35 2007 18th out of 68
Spending per student > High school 24.56 2007 18th out of 64
Teachers as percentage of labor force 4.2% 1999 17th out of 36
Tertiary > Students studying abroad 56,943.33 2011 6th out of 203
Tertiary > Students studying abroad proportion 0.271% 2011 124th out of 124
Tertiary enrollment 72.6% 2000 1st out of 96

SOURCES: UNESCO; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; World Development Indicators database; UNESCO Institute for Statistics; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; Source: UNESCO UIS Data | UNESCO Institute for Statistics; Source: UNESCO UIS Data | UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; OECD Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators 2003; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; United Nations Development Programme. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homeschooling_international_status_and_statistics; http://www.ibo.org/facts/schoolstats/progsbycountry.cfm; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; Wikipedia: List of countries by student performance (Reading); OECD; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: List of World Organization of the Scout Movement members (Table of World Organization of the Scout Movement members); World Bank staff estimates using data from the United Nations Statistics Division's Statistical Yearbook, and the UNESCO Institute for Statistics online database.; UNESCO Institute of Statistics; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables

Citation

NationMaster
  • United States has had the highest spending > USD since 1970.
  • United States has had the highest education enrolment by level > tertiary level since 1980.

5

In the US, all children have access to public education until they complete high school. Children in the US begin their schooling around the age of 5 or 6, and may withdraw at 15. Preschool education and childcare exists in every city within the US, but parents do not receive financial aid unless they qualify. In the US, childcare is not guaranteed to parents.

All US students have the option of attending private schools, but public funding for those schools isn’t provided. There are, however, special charter schools that do offer an alternative and do belong to the public school system. Upon graduating high school, many US students go on to pursue advanced degrees at community, state, or private colleges. Colleges in the US are not free, unless the student receives a special scholarship or loan. However, state and community colleges are low-cost options, and state colleges are publicly funded.

Posted on 28 Mar 2014

chris.lockyer781

chris.lockyer781

396 Stat enthusiast