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Health > Daily smokers: Countries Compared

Luke.Metcalfe

Author: Luke.Metcalfe

Daily smokers are defined as individuals who smoke at least one cigarette per day. Smoking increases the risk of morbidity and mortality, and is the leading cause of preventable deaths in developed nations. It is associated with different types of cancers (especially lung cancer), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), heart disease, and stroke.

In recent studies, the overall smoking rates have decreased worldwide, but due to the increasing global population, the total number of smokers is now higher than ever. Between 1980 and 2012, the overall prevalence of smoking has decreased by 25% in men, and 42% in women. However, due to population growth, the total number of male daily smokers has increased by 41% and female daily smokers by 7%. Worldwide, the number of cigarettes smoked per day has increased by 26%.

Since 1980, daily smoking rates have been higher in men. The prevalence of smoking in women as a function of age differs between developed and developing countries. The patterns are similar to those of men in developed countries while in developing countries, the prevalence was much lower and showed an increase with age. The highest prevalence rates for women occurred between the ages of 20-49 years in developed countries at more than 20%.

The countries with the highest daily smoking prevalence in men were Timor-Leste at 61.1%, Indonesia at 57% and Kiribati at 54.4%. Countries with the lowest rates in men include Nigeria at 7.5%, Sao Tome and Principe at 7% and Antigua and Barbuda at 5%. In women, the countries with the highest daily smoking rates are Greece at 34.7%, Bulgaria at 31.5% and Kiribati at 31.3%. The countries with the lowest prevalence rates in women are Morocco at 0.7% and Eritrea and Cameroon, both at 0.6%.

Between 1980 and 2012, the countries which showed the fastest annual decline in daily smoking prevalence were Iceland, Mexico and Canada, all at 3%. Countries with the highest annual increase in prevalence include Bulgaria at 0.5%, Serbia at 0.6% and Lithuania at 0.8%.

Countries with the highest prevalence and the highest consumption of cigarettes per day have the greatest health related risks from smoking. These include China, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kuwait, Korea, the Philippines and Russia.

Aside from health associated risks, the economic impact of smoking is also substantial. In the UK, one pack a day is estimated to cost each smoker £2,900 a year while in the US the estimate is at $2,000 a year. In California alone, productivity losses due to smoking related death and illness is estimated at $8.5 billion per year. In the UK, estimated annual losses due to smoking related morbidity and mortality is at £5.2 billion.

The economic impact of smoking is especially greater in developing countries. Aside from loss of income due to death and disabilities related to smoking and the household revenue spent on cigarettes, the tobacco industry has been shown to perpetuate the cycle of poverty and debt in these nations.

Citations:

1) Ng M, Freeman MK, Fleming TD, et al. Smoking prevalence and cigarette consumption in 187 countries, 1980-2012. JAMA. 2014;311(2):183-192. doi:10.1001/jama.2013.284692. http://www.healthmetricsandevaluation.org/sites/default/files/newsrelease/2013/Global%20tobacco%20paper1.pdf

2) ASH Fact Sheet on the economics of tobacco. http://www.ash.org.uk/files/documents/ASH_121.pdf

3) Center for Disease Control and Prevention. The health effects of smoking. http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/datastatistics/factsheets/healtheffects/effectscig_smoking/

4) Tobacco Free CA. Economic impact of tobacco. http://www.tobaccofreeca.com/smoking-problem/impact/economic/

DEFINITION: Data on tobacco consumption - this is a percentage of the total population who smoke at least one cigarette a day.(Data for Portugal and Austria is from 2002. All other data is from 2003).

CONTENTS

# COUNTRY AMOUNT DATE GRAPH
1 Austria 36.3% 2003
2 Greece 35% 2003
3 Hungary 33.8% 2003
4 Luxembourg 33% 2003
5 Turkey 32.1% 2003
6 Netherlands 32% 2003
7 South Korea 30.4% 2003
8 Japan 30.3% 2003
9 Spain 28.1% 2003
10 Denmark 28% 2003
11 Poland 27.6% 2003
=12 Ireland 27% 2003
=12 Belgium 27% 2003
=12 France 27% 2003
15 Switzerland 26.8% 2003
16 Mexico 26.4% 2003
=17 United Kingdom 26% 2003
=17 Norway 26% 2003
High income OECD countries average (profile) 25.9% 2003
19 New Zealand 25% 2003
=20 Germany 24.3% 2003
=20 Slovakia 24.3% 2003
22 Italy 24.2% 2003
23 Czech Republic 24.1% 2003
Group of 7 countries (G7) average (profile) 23.76% 2003
24 Iceland 22.4% 2003
25 Finland 22.2% 2003
26 Portugal 20.5% 2003
27 Australia 19.8% 2003
=28 United States 17.5% 2003
=28 Sweden 17.5% 2003
30 Canada 17% 2003

Citation

"Countries Compared by Health > Daily smokers. International Statistics at NationMaster.com", OECD Health Data 2005. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/Health/Daily-smokers

Health > Daily smokers: Countries Compared Map

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Statistics for Health > Daily smokers

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STAT
COUNTRIES COVERED
1990 27

Interesting observations about Health > Daily smokers

5

Daily smokers are defined as individuals who smoke at least one cigarette per day. Smoking increases the risk of morbidity and mortality, and is the leading cause of preventable deaths in developed nations. It is associated with different types of cancers (especially lung cancer), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), heart disease, and stroke.

In recent studies, the overall smoking rates have decreased worldwide, but due to the increasing global population, the total number of smokers is now higher than ever. Between 1980 and 2012, the overall prevalence of smoking has decreased by 25% in men, and 42% in women. However, due to population growth, the total number of male daily smokers has increased by 41% and female daily smokers by 7%. Worldwide, the number of cigarettes smoked per day has increased by 26%.

Since 1980, daily smoking rates have been higher in men. The prevalence of smoking in women as a function of age differs between developed and developing countries. The patterns are similar to those of men in developed countries while in developing countries, the prevalence was much lower and showed an increase with age. The highest prevalence rates for women occurred between the ages of 20-49 years in developed countries at more than 20%.

The countries with the highest daily smoking prevalence in men were Timor-Leste at 61.1%, Indonesia at 57% and Kiribati at 54.4%. Countries with the lowest rates in men include Nigeria at 7.5%, Sao Tome and Principe at 7% and Antigua and Barbuda at 5%. In women, the countries with the highest daily smoking rates are Greece at 34.7%, Bulgaria at 31.5% and Kiribati at 31.3%. The countries with the lowest prevalence rates in women are Morocco at 0.7% and Eritrea and Cameroon, both at 0.6%.

Between 1980 and 2012, the countries which showed the fastest annual decline in daily smoking prevalence were Iceland, Mexico and Canada, all at 3%. Countries with the highest annual increase in prevalence include Bulgaria at 0.5%, Serbia at 0.6% and Lithuania at 0.8%.

Countries with the highest prevalence and the highest consumption of cigarettes per day have the greatest health related risks from smoking. These include China, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kuwait, Korea, the Philippines and Russia.

Aside from health associated risks, the economic impact of smoking is also substantial. In the UK, one pack a day is estimated to cost each smoker £2,900 a year while in the US the estimate is at $2,000 a year. In California alone, productivity losses due to smoking related death and illness is estimated at $8.5 billion per year. In the UK, estimated annual losses due to smoking related morbidity and mortality is at £5.2 billion.

The economic impact of smoking is especially greater in developing countries. Aside from loss of income due to death and disabilities related to smoking and the household revenue spent on cigarettes, the tobacco industry has been shown to perpetuate the cycle of poverty and debt in these nations.

Citations:

1) Ng M, Freeman MK, Fleming TD, et al. Smoking prevalence and cigarette consumption in 187 countries, 1980-2012. JAMA. 2014;311(2):183-192. doi:10.1001/jama.2013.284692. http://www.healthmetricsandevaluation.org/sites/default/files/newsrelease/2013/Global%20tobacco%20paper1.pdf

2) ASH Fact Sheet on the economics of tobacco. http://www.ash.org.uk/files/documents/ASH_121.pdf

3) Center for Disease Control and Prevention. The health effects of smoking. http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/datastatistics/factsheets/healtheffects/effectscig_smoking/

4) Tobacco Free CA. Economic impact of tobacco. http://www.tobaccofreeca.com/smoking-problem/impact/economic/

Posted on 14 Apr 2014

Luke.Metcalfe

Luke.Metcalfe

137 Stat enthusiast

0

In response to Ioanna, Greece is first in cigarette consumption, with 4,313 being the approximate average number of cigarettes smoked per adult per year. That works out to about 12 cigarettes per person per day. Japan is fourth at 3,023 cigarettes smoked per person per year. That equals a little over eight cigarettes per day for every Japanese adult.

Posted on 06 Jun 2005

Ian Graham, Staff Editor

Ian Graham, Staff Editor

0

Hi Vanni, according to WHO reports, less than 0 percent of all adults smoke manufactured tobacco products in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Lichtenstein, Macedonia, Monaco, Moldova, San Marino and the Vatican City. The nation formerly called Yugoslavia is now broken along ethnic lines into: Slovenia, Croatia, Macedonia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, as well as Serbia and Montenegro. The WHO reports that more than 25% adults smoke in Slovenia.

Posted on 19 Mar 2005

Suchita Vemuri, Staff Editor

Suchita Vemuri, Staff Editor

0

Hi Ali, about 26% of all adults smoke and about 10% are estimated to die of smoking-related heart problems, cancer and other diseases.

Posted on 04 Mar 2005

Suchita Vemuri, Staff Editor

Suchita Vemuri, Staff Editor

0

The true is that the three countries with more smokers proportion, Japan, Andorra and Greece, have all a very very long life expectancy. If you want a healthier world, give to people food and healthcare, and let to smoke who wants to do it!

Posted on 20 May 2011

Pere

Pere

0

I am just glad I quit when I did. You breath better, run longer, and live longer when you don't smoke.

Posted on 19 Aug 2009

annab

annab

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