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Health > Fertility rate > Total > Births per woman: Countries Compared

Author: chris.lockyer781

Author: chris.lockyer781

Total Fertility Rate is the measure of the number of children a woman is expected to have during her reproductive years, based on age specific fertility rates.

Computation:

Age Specific Fertility Rate = (annual number of births in a given age group /number of women in that age group) x 1000

Total Fertility Rate = (Sum of Age Specific Fertility Rates in all age groups x number of years in each age group)/1000

Description:

Total Fertility Rate is the most commonly used measure to compare fertility among different countries. It shows how many children a woman is expected to have in her lifetime. In developing countries, the issue of overpopulation is a serious problem, with TFR rates in some countries as high as 7. On the other hand, developed countries face different problems, as their total fertility rates continue to decline.

TFR and replacement rate are often compared against each other to predict trends in population growth of a given country. The replacement rate is the average number of children a woman should have to keep the population at equilibrium. In developed countries, the replacement rate is 2.1 while in developing nations, it is set much higher because of increased mortality rates.

The implications of a high or low TFR are important in both the developed and developing world. Concerns over falling birth rates are growing in many developed countries. Some of these countries include those in the Western Europe, Singapore and Japan, where the TFR is below the replacement rate. They face the problem of an increasingly aging population, with higher dependency ratios. This poses a serious risk on economic growth in the future.

One of the identified factors which contribute to declining TFR is the shifting views of women from their traditional roles. Women who have higher educational attainment and income tend to postpone marriage and child bearing and have less children compared to others.

In developing nations, fertility rate trends have shown a slight decreased over the past few decades. However, rapid population growth continues to be their concern. Lack of education and access to family planning methods are the main causes of overpopulation. Higher fertility rates increase the risk for death and disease in women. They also have fewer chances of finding work outside the home. Children who have more siblings find it harder to get out of poverty compared to those who have less.

Citations

1) Population Reference Bureau: Fertility rates in low birth-rate countries, 1996-2011. http://www.prb.org/Publications/Articles/2012/low-fertility-countries-tfr.aspx

2) Trends and Dertminants of Fertility Rates in OECD Countries: The Role of Policies. http://www.oecd.org/els/soc/35304751.pdf

3) UN News Centre: High birth rates hamper development in poorer countries, warns UN forum. http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=30365&Cr=population&Cr1=mdg#.UyE3jz_6Nsk

DEFINITION: Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates..

CONTENTS

# COUNTRY AMOUNT DATE GRAPH HISTORY
1 AfghanistanAfghanistan 7.9 births per woman 1987
2 NigerNiger 7.67 births per woman 2005
3 East TimorEast Timor 7.47 births per woman 2005
4 UgandaUganda 7.1 births per woman 2005
5 Guinea-BissauGuinea-Bissau 7.08 births per woman 2005
6 BurundiBurundi 6.8 births per woman 2005
7 LiberiaLiberia 6.78 births per woman 2005
8 MaliMali 6.72 births per woman 2005
9 Democratic Republic of the CongoCongo, DR. 6.7 births per woman 2005
10 AngolaAngola 6.56 births per woman 2005
11 Sierra LeoneSierra Leone 6.48 births per woman 2005
12 ChadChad 6.3 births per woman 2005
13 SomaliaSomalia 6.2 births per woman 2005
14 Burkina FasoBurkina Faso 5.9 births per woman 2005
15 Equatorial GuineaEqu. Guinea 5.89 births per woman 2005
16 YemenYemen 5.87 births per woman 2005
17 MalawiMalawi 5.84 births per woman 2005
18 RwandaRwanda 5.8 births per woman 2005
19 Marshall IslandsMarshall Isl. 5.71 births per woman 1999
20 Congo, Republic of theCongo, Republic of the 5.6 births per woman 2005
21 GuineaGuinea 5.6 births per woman 2005
22 BeninBenin 5.6 births per woman 2005
23 MauritaniaMauritania 5.59 births per woman 2005
24 NigeriaNigeria 5.5 births per woman 2005
25 ZambiaZambia 5.4 births per woman 2005
26 IraqIraq 5.37 births per woman 1997
27 EthiopiaEthiopia 5.32 births per woman 2005
28 MozambiqueMozambique 5.3 births per woman 2005
29 EritreaEritrea 5.24 births per woman 2005
Failed states averageFailed states average 5.23 births per woman 2005
30 TanzaniaTanzania 5.2 births per woman 2005
Sub-Saharan Africa averageSub-Saharan Africa average 5.12 births per woman 2005
31 MadagascarMadagascar 5.04 births per woman 2005
32 TogoTogo 5.03 births per woman 2005
33 CameroonCameroon 5 births per woman 2004
34 KenyaKenya 4.98 births per woman 2005
35 SenegalSenegal 4.9 births per woman 2005
36 DjiboutiDjibouti 4.74 births per woman 2005
37 Central African RepublicCentral Africa 4.73 births per woman 2005
38 Cote d'IvoireCote d'Ivoire 4.7 births per woman 2005
39 LaosLaos 4.5 births per woman 2005
Former French colonies averageFormer French colonies average 4.49 births per woman 2005
40 The GambiaThe Gambia 4.4 births per woman 2005
41 GuatemalaGuatemala 4.33 births per woman 2005
42 SudanSudan 4.15 births per woman 2005
43 PakistanPakistan 4.12 births per woman 2005
44 GhanaGhana 4.06 births per woman 2005
45 MaldivesMaldives 4 births per woman 2005
46 Solomon IslandsSolomon Islands 4 births per woman 2005
47 SamoaSamoa 3.98 births per woman 2004
48 SwazilandSwaziland 3.91 births per woman 2005
49 CambodiaCambodia 3.89 births per woman 2005
50 VanuatuVanuatu 3.87 births per woman 2005
51 Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabia 3.83 births per woman 2005
Hot countries averageHot countries average 3.83 births per woman 2002
52 Papua New GuineaPapua NG 3.8 births per woman 2005
53 Sao Tome and PrincipeSoa Tome+ 3.76 births per woman 2005
54 ComorosComoros 3.76 births per woman 2005
55 HaitiHaiti 3.75 births per woman 2005
56 GabonGabon 3.73 births per woman 2005
Muslim countries averageMuslim countries average 3.68 births per woman 2005
57 ParaguayParaguay 3.67 births per woman 2005
58 NamibiaNamibia 3.66 births per woman 2005
59 BoliviaBolivia 3.65 births per woman 2005
60 Federated States of MicronesiaMicronesia 3.65 births per woman 2005
61 KiribatiKiribati 3.6 births per woman 2002
62 TajikistanTajikistan 3.53 births per woman 2005
63 Cape VerdeCape Verde 3.53 births per woman 2005
64 HondurasHonduras 3.47 births per woman 2005
65 NepalNepal 3.46 births per woman 2005
66 OmanOman 3.44 births per woman 2005
Sparsely populated countries averageSparsely populated countries average 3.44 births per woman 2005
67 LesothoLesotho 3.4 births per woman 2005
Religious countries averageReligious countries average 3.39 births per woman 1997
Former British colonies averageFormer British colonies average 3.38 births per woman 2005
OPEC countries averageOPEC countries average 3.36 births per woman 2005
68 ZimbabweZimbabwe 3.34 births per woman 2005
69 TongaTonga 3.31 births per woman 2005
70 JordanJordan 3.29 births per woman 2005
71 SyriaSyria 3.24 births per woman 2005
72 PhilippinesPhilippines 3.2 births per woman 2005
South Asia averageSouth Asia average 3.11 births per woman 2005
73 EgyptEgypt 3.1 births per woman 2005
74 NicaraguaNicaragua 3.08 births per woman 2005
East Asia and Pacific averageEast Asia and Pacific average 3.04 births per woman 2002
75 BotswanaBotswana 3.03 births per woman 2005
76 GrenadaGrenada 3 births per woman 2002
Christian countries averageChristian countries average 2.99 births per woman 2002
77 BangladeshBangladesh 2.98 births per woman 2005
78 BelizeBelize 2.97 births per woman 2005
Middle Eastern and North Africa averageMiddle Eastern and North Africa average 2.92 births per woman 2005
79 QatarQatar 2.89 births per woman 2005
Former Spanish colonies averageFormer Spanish colonies average 2.89 births per woman 2005
Catholic countries averageCatholic countries average 2.88 births per woman 2002
South and Central Asia averageSouth and Central Asia average 2.86 births per woman 2005
80 LibyaLibya 2.85 births per woman 2005
81 IndiaIndia 2.84 births per woman 2005
82 IsraelIsrael 2.82 births per woman 2005
83 FijiFiji 2.79 births per woman 2005
84 GuamGuam 2.78 births per woman 2005
85 South AfricaSouth Africa 2.78 births per woman 2005
86 El SalvadorEl Salvador 2.76 births per woman 2005
87 MalaysiaMalaysia 2.74 births per woman 2005
88 PeruPeru 2.74 births per woman 2005
89 Dominican RepublicDominican Rep. 2.73 births per woman 2005
90 EcuadorEcuador 2.67 births per woman 2005
91 VenezuelaVenezuela 2.65 births per woman 2005
92 PanamaPanama 2.62 births per woman 2005
Latin America and Caribbean averageLatin America and Caribbean average 2.61 births per woman 2002
93 TurkmenistanTurkmenistan 2.6 births per woman 2005
94 SurinameSuriname 2.51 births per woman 2005
95 BhutanBhutan 2.5 births per woman 2005
96 AlgeriaAlgeria 2.44 births per woman 2005
97 United Arab EmiratesUAE 2.43 births per woman 2005
98 KyrgyzstanKyrgyzstan 2.41 births per woman 2005
99 MoroccoMorocco 2.4 births per woman 2005
100 ColombiaColombia 2.4 births per woman 2005
101 KuwaitKuwait 2.39 births per woman 2005
102 JamaicaJamaica 2.38 births per woman 2005
103 BruneiBrunei 2.38 births per woman 2005
104 GreenlandGreenland 2.36 births per woman 2003
105 BahrainBahrain 2.34 births per woman 2005
106 AzerbaijanAzerbaijan 2.33 births per woman 2005
107 MongoliaMongolia 2.33 births per woman 2005
108 French PolynesiaFr. Polynesia 2.31 births per woman 2005
109 New CaledoniaNew Caledonia 2.3 births per woman 2005
Heavily indebted countries averageHeavily indebted countries average 2.29 births per woman 2005
110 ArgentinaArgentina 2.29 births per woman 2005
111 BrazilBrazil 2.29 births per woman 2005
112 IndonesiaIndonesia 2.27 births per woman 2005
113 LebanonLebanon 2.25 births per woman 2005
114 The BahamasThe Bahamas 2.25 births per woman 2005
115 BurmaBurma 2.23 births per woman 2005
116 UzbekistanUzbekistan 2.22 births per woman 2005
117 Virgin IslandsVirgin Islands 2.2 births per woman 2005
118 TurkeyTurkey 2.19 births per woman 2005
119 GuyanaGuyana 2.18 births per woman 2005
120 Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesSt Vincent+ 2.12 births per woman 2004
121 MexicoMexico 2.11 births per woman 2005
122 Saint Kitts and NevisSt Kitts+ 2.11 births per woman 2002
123 SeychellesSeychelles 2.1 births per woman 2003
Emerging markets averageEmerging markets average 2.08 births per woman 2005
124 Netherlands AntillesN. Antilles 2.07 births per woman 2005
125 Saint LuciaSaint Lucia 2.07 births per woman 2005
126 IranIran 2.07 births per woman 2005
127 United StatesUnited States 2.05 births per woman 2005
128 IcelandIceland 2.05 births per woman 2005
129 TunisiaTunisia 2.04 births per woman 2005
130 Costa RicaCosta Rica 2 births per woman 2005
131 New ZealandNew Zealand 2 births per woman 2005
132 UruguayUruguay 2 births per woman 2005
133 MauritiusMauritius 1.98 births per woman 2005
134 ChileChile 1.97 births per woman 2005
135 North KoreaNorth Korea 1.96 births per woman 2005
136 FranceFrance 1.92 births per woman 2005
137 Sri LankaSri Lanka 1.91 births per woman 2005
138 DominicaDominica 1.9 births per woman 2003
139 ThailandThailand 1.89 births per woman 2005
140 IrelandIreland 1.88 births per woman 2005
141 NorwayNorway 1.84 births per woman 2005
142 ChinaChina 1.81 births per woman 2005
143 FinlandFinland 1.8 births per woman 2005
144 DenmarkDenmark 1.8 births per woman 2005
145 United KingdomUnited Kingdom 1.8 births per woman 2005
146 Puerto RicoPuerto Rico 1.8 births per woman 2005
147 AlbaniaAlbania 1.78 births per woman 2005
148 VietnamVietnam 1.78 births per woman 2005
Former Soviet republics averageFormer Soviet republics average 1.78 births per woman 2005
149 AustraliaAustralia 1.77 births per woman 2005
150 SwedenSweden 1.77 births per woman 2005
151 BermudaBermuda 1.75 births per woman 2005
152 KazakhstanKazakhstan 1.75 births per woman 2005
153 NetherlandsNetherlands 1.73 births per woman 2005
154 BelgiumBelgium 1.72 births per woman 2005
Cold countries averageCold countries average 1.72 births per woman 2005
155 LuxembourgLuxembourg 1.7 births per woman 2005
156 Antigua and BarbudaAntigua+ 1.7 births per woman 2002
157 BarbadosBarbados 1.69 births per woman 2004
Non-religious countries averageNon-religious countries average 1.67 births per woman 2005
High income OECD countries averageHigh income OECD countries average 1.63 births per woman 2005
158 Serbia and MontenegroSerbia+ 1.61 births per woman 2005
159 Trinidad and TobagoTrinidad+ 1.61 births per woman 2005
Group of 7 countries (G7) averageGroup of 7 countries (G7) average 1.6 births per woman 2005
NATO countries averageNATO average 1.53 births per woman 2005
Europe averageEurope average 1.51 births per woman 2005
160 CanadaCanada 1.51 births per woman 2005
161 EstoniaEstonia 1.5 births per woman 2005
162 CubaCuba 1.5 births per woman 2005
Eurozone averageEurozone average 1.5 births per woman 2005
European Union averageEuropean Union average 1.48 births per woman 2005
163 CyprusCyprus 1.42 births per woman 2005
164 CroatiaCroatia 1.42 births per woman 2005
165 SwitzerlandSwitzerland 1.42 births per woman 2005
166 AustriaAustria 1.41 births per woman 2005
167 PortugalPortugal 1.4 births per woman 2005
168 GeorgiaGeorgia 1.39 births per woman 2005
Eastern Europe averageEastern Europe average 1.38 births per woman 2005
169 ArmeniaArmenia 1.37 births per woman 2005
170 MaltaMalta 1.37 births per woman 2005
171 GermanyGermany 1.36 births per woman 2005
172 SpainSpain 1.33 births per woman 2005
173 ItalyItaly 1.32 births per woman 2005
174 HungaryHungary 1.32 births per woman 2005
175 RomaniaRomania 1.32 births per woman 2005
176 BulgariaBulgaria 1.31 births per woman 2005
177 LatviaLatvia 1.31 births per woman 2005
178 RussiaRussia 1.29 births per woman 2005
179 GreeceGreece 1.28 births per woman 2005
180 Czech RepublicCzech Republic 1.28 births per woman 2005
181 MoldovaMoldova 1.27 births per woman 2005
182 LithuaniaLithuania 1.27 births per woman 2005
183 JapanJapan 1.26 births per woman 2005
184 SlovakiaSlovakia 1.25 births per woman 2005
185 BelarusBelarus 1.24 births per woman 2005
186 PolandPoland 1.24 births per woman 2005
187 SingaporeSingapore 1.24 births per woman 2005
188 SloveniaSlovenia 1.23 births per woman 2005
189 UkraineUkraine 1.2 births per woman 2005
190 Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia+ 1.19 births per woman 2005
191 South KoreaSouth Korea 1.08 births per woman 2005
192 Hong KongHong Kong 0.97 births per woman 2005
193 MacauMacau 0.88 births per woman 2005

Citation

"All countries compared for Health > Fertility rate > Total > Births per woman", World Development Indicators database. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/Health/Fertility-rate/Total/Births-per-woman

Health > Fertility rate > Total > Births per woman: Countries Compared Map

NationMaster

3

Total Fertility Rate is the measure of the number of children a woman is expected to have during her reproductive years, based on age specific fertility rates.

Computation:

Age Specific Fertility Rate = (annual number of births in a given age group /number of women in that age group) x 1000

Total Fertility Rate = (Sum of Age Specific Fertility Rates in all age groups x number of years in each age group)/1000

Description:

Total Fertility Rate is the most commonly used measure to compare fertility among different countries. It shows how many children a woman is expected to have in her lifetime. In developing countries, the issue of overpopulation is a serious problem, with TFR rates in some countries as high as 7. On the other hand, developed countries face different problems, as their total fertility rates continue to decline.

TFR and replacement rate are often compared against each other to predict trends in population growth of a given country. The replacement rate is the average number of children a woman should have to keep the population at equilibrium. In developed countries, the replacement rate is 2.1 while in developing nations, it is set much higher because of increased mortality rates.

The implications of a high or low TFR are important in both the developed and developing world. Concerns over falling birth rates are growing in many developed countries. Some of these countries include those in the Western Europe, Singapore and Japan, where the TFR is below the replacement rate. They face the problem of an increasingly aging population, with higher dependency ratios. This poses a serious risk on economic growth in the future.

One of the identified factors which contribute to declining TFR is the shifting views of women from their traditional roles. Women who have higher educational attainment and income tend to postpone marriage and child bearing and have less children compared to others.

In developing nations, fertility rate trends have shown a slight decreased over the past few decades. However, rapid population growth continues to be their concern. Lack of education and access to family planning methods are the main causes of overpopulation. Higher fertility rates increase the risk for death and disease in women. They also have fewer chances of finding work outside the home. Children who have more siblings find it harder to get out of poverty compared to those who have less.

Citations

1) Population Reference Bureau: Fertility rates in low birth-rate countries, 1996-2011. http://www.prb.org/Publications/Articles/2012/low-fertility-countries-tfr.aspx

2) Trends and Dertminants of Fertility Rates in OECD Countries: The Role of Policies. http://www.oecd.org/els/soc/35304751.pdf

3) UN News Centre: High birth rates hamper development in poorer countries, warns UN forum. http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=30365&Cr=population&Cr1=mdg#.UyE3jz_6Nsk

Posted on 09 Apr 2014

chris.lockyer781

chris.lockyer781

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