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Education Stats: compare key data on Australia & Singapore

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Definitions

  • Average years of schooling of adults: Average years of schooling of adults is the years of formal schooling received, on average, by adults over age 15. (Data Source: Barro-Lee Data Set www.worldbank.org/html/prdmg/grthweb/ddbarle2.htm)
  • Child care (preschool) > Duration: Number of years students study at the pre-primary (preschool) level. It should be noted that not all countries require pre-primary education.
  • College and university > Private school share: Percentage of post-secondary students who attend a private school, college, or university.
  • College and university > Share of total education spending: Percentage of government education funding that goes to post-secondary education.
  • Compulsary education duration: Number of years students are required to be enrolled in school for all levels of education. For instance, compulsary education lasts for 12 years in the United States.
  • Government spending on education > Proportion of GDP: Percentage of public funding for education out of country's total GDP.
  • High school enrolment rate: Progression to secondary school refers to the number of new entrants to the first grade of secondary school in a given year as a percentage of the number of students enrolled in the final grade of primary school in the previous year.
  • Literacy > Female: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Literacy > Total population: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Primary education, duration > Years: Primary education, duration (years). Duration of primary is the number of grades (years) in primary education.
  • Primary education, teachers per 1000: Primary education, teachers. Teaching staff in primary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private primary education institutions. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio, primary: Pupil-teacher ratio, primary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Primary is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers.
  • Secondary education > Teachers > Per capita: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Secondary education, duration > Years: Secondary education, duration (years). Duration of secondary education is the number of grades (years) in secondary education (ISCED 2 & 3).
  • Secondary education, pupils: Secondary education, pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • Primary education, teachers: Primary education, teachers. Teaching staff in primary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private primary education institutions. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Primary education, pupils: Primary education, pupils. Enrolment in primary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in public and private primary education institutions.
  • Tertiary enrollment: Gross enrolment ratio, tertiary level is the sum of all tertiary level students enrolled at the start of the school year, expressed as a percentage of the mid-year population in the 5 year age group after the official secondary school leaving age.
  • Spending per student > College and university: Public expenditure per student is the public current spending on education divided by the total number of students by level, as a percentage of GDP per capita. Public expenditure (current and capital) includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • Compulsary education starting age: Age at which children must be enrolled in school.
  • Literacy > Definition: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • High school > Upper secondary school duration: Number of years students study at the upper secondary (high school) level.
  • Literacy > Male: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Spending > USD: Education expenditure refers to the current operating expenditures in education, including wages and salaries and excluding capital investments in buildings and equipment."
  • High school > Private school share: Percentage of secondary students who attend a private school.
  • Spending > Proportion: Education expenditure refers to the current operating expenditures in education, including wages and salaries and excluding capital investments in buildings and equipment. Expressed as a proportion of GNI."
  • Pupil-teacher ratio > Primary: Primary school pupil-teacher ratio is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers (regardless of their teaching assignment).
  • Child care (preschool) > Starting age: Average age at which students begin pre-primary (preschool) education.
  • High school repeaters > Male: Repeaters in secondary school are the number of students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all students enrolled in secondary school."
  • Tertiary > Students studying abroad: Total number of post-secondary students who were studying abroad during given year.
  • Elementary (primary school) > Duration: Number of years students study at the primary level.
  • Secondary education, teachers per 1000: Secondary education, teachers. Teaching staff in total secondary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private secondary education institutions (ISCED 2 and 3). Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education, teachers: Secondary education, teachers. Teaching staff in total secondary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private secondary education institutions (ISCED 2 and 3). Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • High school > Lower secondary school duration: Number of years students study at the lower secondary (middle school) level.
  • Spending per student > High school: Public expenditure per student is the public current spending on education divided by the total number of students by level, as a percentage of GDP per capita. Public expenditure (current and capital) includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • Secondary education, general pupils: Secondary education, general pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. General programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in general programmes at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • Scientific and technical journal articles: Scientific and technical journal articles refer to the number of scientific and engineering articles published in the following fields: physics, biology, chemistry, mathematics, clinical medicine, biomedical research, engineering and technology, and earth and space sciences.
  • Tertiary > Students studying abroad proportion: The number of students from a given country studying abroad in a given year, expressed as a percentage of total tertiary enrollment in that country. Ratios greater than 100 % are possible, because those currently studying abroad do not count towards total enrollment.
  • Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Scouting > Genders admitted: Admits boys/girls.
  • Elementary (primary school) > Starting age: Average age at which students begin primary education.
  • Secondary education > General pupils: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training.
  • Spending per student > Elementary school: Public expenditure per student is the public current spending on education divided by the total number of students by level, as a percentage of GDP per capita. Public expenditure (current and capital) includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • Secondary school starting age > Years: Secondary school starting age (years). Entrance age of 2A lower secondary is the age at which students would enter lower secondary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade.
  • High school starting age > Years: Secondary school starting age is the age at which students would enter secondary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade."
  • Primary education > Teachers > Per capita: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • High school > Population with at least high school education > Women: Population with at least high school education > Women.
  • Schools connected to the Internet: Schools connected to the Internet are the share of primary and secondary schools in the country that have access to the Internet.
  • Secondary education, pupils per 1000: Secondary education, pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled at public and private secondary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Primary education, pupils per 1000: Primary education, pupils. Enrolment in primary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in public and private primary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Universities > Top 100: Number of universities in the top 100
  • Tertiary > Students studying abroad per thousand people: Total number of post-secondary students who were studying abroad during given year. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Outcomes > Secondary education > Duration > Years: Secondary education, duration (years) is the number of grades (years) in secondary school."
  • Teacher student ratio > High school: Secondary school pupil-teacher ratio is the number of pupils enrolled in secondary school divided by the number of secondary school teachers (regardless of their teaching assignment).
  • High school repeaters > Female: Repeaters in secondary school are the number of students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all students enrolled in secondary school."
  • Teacher student ratio > Elementary school: Primary school pupil-teacher ratio is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers (regardless of their teaching assignment).
  • Elementary school > Enrolled students: Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • Primary education > Duration > Years: Primary duration refers to the number of years of full-time equivalent duration in primary education in the school system according to ISCED.
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$ per capita: Services, etc., value added (constant 2000 US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Secondary education, general pupils per 1000: Secondary education, general pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. General programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in general programmes at public and private secondary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Elementary (primary) school) > Private school share: Percentage of primary students who attend a private school.
  • High school > Lower secondary starting age: Average age at which students begin lower secondary (middle school) education.
  • High school enrolment rate > Female: Progression to secondary school refers to the number of new entrants to the first grade of secondary school in a given year as a percentage of the number of students enrolled in the final grade of primary school in the previous year.
  • Duration of education > Secondary level: Duration of secondary education is the number of grades (or years) in general secondary education.
  • Public spending per student > Tertiary level: Public expenditure per student, tertiary level is the total reported current spending by the government on tertiary education, divided by the total number of pupils in tertiary education, expressed as a percentage of per capita GDP.
  • Primary education > Pupils: Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • Secondary education > Pupils: Secondary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • High school > Population with at least high school education > Men: Gender Inequality Index.
  • Education enrolment by level > Secondary level > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Secondary education, vocational pupils: Secondary education, vocational pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. Technical/vocational programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in technical/vocational programmes at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • Elementary (primary) school > Students per teacher: Number of students per teacher for primary education.
  • Secondary education > Teachers: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Scientific and technical journal articles per million: Scientific and technical journal articles refer to the number of scientific and engineering articles published in the following fields: physics, biology, chemistry, mathematics, clinical medicine, biomedical research, engineering and technology, and earth and space sciences. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Duration of education > Primary level: Duration of primary education is the number of grades (or years) in primary education.
  • Public spending per student > Secondary level: Public expenditure per student, secondary level is the total reported current spending by the government on secondary education, divided by the total number of pupils in secondary education, expressed as a percentage of per capita GDP.
  • High school > Upper secondary starting age: Average age at which students begin upper secondary (high school) education.
  • Elementary school starting age > Years: Primary school starting age is the age at which students would enter primary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade."
  • Universities > Top 200: Number of universities in the top 200
  • Secondary education > General pupils > Per capita: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Education enrolment by level > Primary level > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Education enrolment by level > Primary level per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Library books per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Pupils-teacher ratio > Primary level: Pupil-teacher ratio, primary level is the average number of pupils per teacher in primary education. Cross-country comparisons may be affected by such factors as the composition of teachers by part- and full-time employment.
  • Primary education > Teachers: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Secondary education > Vocational pupils: Secondary vocational pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in technical and vocational education programs, including teacher training.
  • Private school enrolment > Primary level: Private sector enrolment share, primary level is the share of primary school pupils who attend a privately managed school, regardless of whether or not the school receives subsidies from the government.
  • Outcomes > Primary education > Duration > Years: Primary duration refers to the number of years of full-time equivalent duration in primary education in the school system according to ISCED.
  • Secondary education > Pupils per 1000: Secondary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Primary education > Teachers per 1000: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Female enrolment share > Primary level: Girls' enrolment share, primary level is the number of girls enrolled in primary school, expressed as a percentage of the total number of pupils in primary school.
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$: Services, etc., value added (constant 2000 US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars.
  • Universities > Top 50 per million: Number of universities in the top 50. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Universities > Top 200 per million: Number of universities in the top 200. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Primary school starting age > Years: Primary school starting age (years). Entrance age of primary is the age at which students would enter primary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade.
  • Scouting > Members: Members of boy or girl scout groups which are members of the World Organization of the Scout Movement (WOSM).
  • High school > Share of total education spending: Percentage of government education funding that goes to secondary education.
  • Participation > Secondary education > General pupils: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training."
  • Secondary education > General pupils per 1000: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education > Teachers per 1000: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Ratio of female to male primary enrollment: Ratio of female to male primary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • Female enrolment share > Secondary level: Girls' enrolment share, secondary level is the number of girls enrolled in secondary school, expressed as a percentage of the total number of pupils in secondary school.
  • Private school enrolment > Secondary level: Private sector enrolment share, secondary level is the share of students in general secondary education who attend a privately managed school, regardless of whether or not the school receives subsidies from the government.
  • Education enrolment by level > Secondary level per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Scouting > Members per thousand people: Membership (from 2012). Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Universities > Top 50 > Per $ GDP: Number of universities in the top 50 Per $ GDP figures expressed per 14.1 billion $ gross domestic product.
  • Universities > Top 50: Number of universities in the top 50
  • Elementary school teachers: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • High school teachers: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • High school enrolment rate > Male: Progression to secondary school refers to the number of new entrants to the first grade of secondary school in a given year as a percentage of the number of students enrolled in the final grade of primary school in the previous year.
  • Universities > Top 100 per million: Number of universities in the top 100. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Participation > Secondary education > Pupils: Secondary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • Universities > Top 200 > Per $ GDP: Number of universities in the top 200 Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 billion $ gross domestic product.
  • Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment: Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • Secondary education > Pupils > Per capita: Secondary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Primary education > Pupils per 1000: Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Universities > Top 100 > Per $ GDP: Number of universities in the top 100 Per $ GDP figures expressed per 14.1 billion $ gross domestic product.
  • Elementary school > Enrolled students > % female: Female pupils as a percentage of total pupils at primary level include enrollments in public and private schools.
  • Elementary school teachers > % female: Female teachers as a percentage of total primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Participation > Secondary education > Vocational pupils > % female: Secondary vocational pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in technical and vocational education programs, including teacher training."
  • Participation > Secondary education > Vocational pupils: Secondary vocational pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in technical and vocational education programs, including teacher training."
  • Literacy and Attainment > Educational attainment: completed tertiary > Tertiary > Population 25+ years > % > Over 24 year olds: Percentage of population older than 24 years that has completed tertiary education.
  • Primary education, teachers > % female: Primary education, teachers (% female). Percentage female teachers. Primary is the number of female teachers at the primary level expressed as a percentage of the total number of teachers (male and female) at the primary level in a given school year. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Tertiary education, teachers > % female: Tertiary education, teachers (% female). Percentage female teachers. Tertiary is the number of female teachers at the tertiary level expressed as a percentage of the total number of teachers (male and female) at the tertiary level in a given school year. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Public spending on education, total > % of government expenditure: Public spending on education, total (% of government expenditure). Public expenditure on education as % of total government expenditure is the total public education expenditure (current and capital) expressed as a percentage of total government expenditure for all sectors in a given financial year. Public education expenditure includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration, and subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities).
  • Unemployment with primary education, male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment with primary education, male (% of male unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Labor force with tertiary education, male > % of male labor force: Labor force with tertiary education, male (% of male labor force). Labor force with tertiary education is the proportion of labor force that has a tertiary education, as a percentage of the total labor force.
  • Unemployment with tertiary education, female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment with tertiary education, female (% of female unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Unemployment with tertiary education, male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment with tertiary education, male (% of male unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • School enrollment > Primary > Female > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music.
  • Expenditure per student > Secondary > % of GDP per capita: Public expenditure per student is the public current spending on education divided by the total number of students by level, as a percentage of GDP per capita.
  • Gross intake rate in grade 1 > Male > % of relevant age group: Gross intake rate in grade 1 is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the official primary entrance age.
  • Government spending on education > % of GDP: Public expenditure on education consists of current and capital public expenditure on education includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • Government spending on education > % of government spending: Public expenditure on education consists of current and capital public expenditure on education includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • Secondary education, pupils > % female: Secondary education, pupils (% female). Percentage of female students. Total secondary. All programmes is the number of female students enrolled in all secondary education programmes expressed as a percentage of the total number of students (male and female) enrolled at the secondary education level in a given school year.
  • Expenditure per student, primary > % of GDP per capita: Expenditure per student, primary (% of GDP per capita). Public expenditure per pupil as a % of GDP per capita. Primary is the total public expenditure per student in primary education as a percentage of GDP per capita. Public expenditure (current and capital) includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities).
  • School enrollment > Secondary > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that began at the primary level, and aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development, by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized teachers.
  • Adjusted savings: education expenditure > % of GNI: Adjusted savings: education expenditure (% of GNI). Education expenditure refers to the current operating expenditures in education, including wages and salaries and excluding capital investments in buildings and equipment.
  • Secondary education, teachers, female: Secondary education, teachers, female. Teaching staff in total secondary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Female is the total number of female teachers in public and private secondary education institutions (ISCED 2 and 3). Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
STAT Australia Singapore HISTORY
Average years of schooling of adults 10.9
Ranked 6th. 56% more than Singapore
7
Ranked 39th.
Child care (preschool) > Duration 1
Ranked 201st.
3
Ranked 25th. 3 times more than Australia

College and university > Private school share 8.79%
Ranked 92nd.
65.31%
Ranked 4th. 7 times more than Australia

College and university > Share of total education spending 22.28%
Ranked 42nd.
38.04%
Ranked 1st. 71% more than Australia

Compulsary education duration 11
Ranked 41st. 83% more than Singapore
6
Ranked 157th.

Government spending on education > Proportion of GDP 5.59%
Ranked 41st. 73% more than Singapore
3.23%
Ranked 13th.

High school enrolment rate 99.86
Ranked 6th. 9% more than Singapore
91.49
Ranked 59th.
Literacy > Female 99%
Ranked 24th. 10% more than Singapore
89.7%
Ranked 75th.

Literacy > Total population 99%
Ranked 25th. 6% more than Singapore
93.2%
Ranked 68th.

Primary education, duration > Years 7
Ranked 20th. 17% more than Singapore
6
Ranked 26th.

Primary education, teachers per 1000 5.57
Ranked 46th. 65% more than Singapore
3.39
Ranked 107th.

Pupil-teacher ratio, primary 17.88
Ranked 118th. 3% more than Singapore
17.44
Ranked 81st.

Secondary education > Teachers > Per capita 6.42 per 1,000 people
Ranked 33th. 68% more than Singapore
3.83 per 1,000 people
Ranked 66th.
Secondary education, duration > Years 6
Ranked 144th. 50% more than Singapore
4
Ranked 196th.

Secondary education, pupils 2.33 million
Ranked 32nd. 10 times more than Singapore
232,003
Ranked 109th.

Girls to boys ratio > Primary level enrolment 0.99
Ranked 53th.
1
Ranked 18th. 1% more than Australia

Primary education, teachers 105,469
Ranked 36th. 6 times more than Singapore
16,893
Ranked 91st.

Primary education, pupils 2.04 million
Ranked 48th. 7 times more than Singapore
294,602
Ranked 117th.

Tertiary enrollment 63.3%
Ranked 6th. 88% more than Singapore
33.7%
Ranked 3rd.
Spending per student > College and university 21.04
Ranked 40th.
26.86
Ranked 1st. 28% more than Australia
Compulsary education starting age 5
Ranked 172nd.
6
Ranked 32nd. 20% more than Australia

Literacy > Definition age 15 and over can read and write age 15 and over can read and write
High school > Upper secondary school duration 2
Ranked 188th. The same as Singapore
2
Ranked 141st.

Literacy > Male 99%
Ranked 34th. 2% more than Singapore
96.7%
Ranked 53th.

Spending > USD 49.45 billion
Ranked 13th. 10 times more than Singapore
4.8 billion
Ranked 45th.

High school > Private school share 35.24%
Ranked 16th. 6 times more than Singapore
6.37%
Ranked 87th.

Spending > Proportion 5.11
Ranked 46th. 89% more than Singapore
2.71
Ranked 131st.

Pupil-teacher ratio > Primary 17.88
Ranked 114th.
26.44
Ranked 72nd. 48% more than Australia
Child care (preschool) > Starting age 4
Ranked 50th. 33% more than Singapore
3
Ranked 65th.

High school repeaters > Male 0.0
Ranked 104th.
1.99
Ranked 69th.
Tertiary > Students studying abroad 10,829.8
Ranked 75th.
21,121.5
Ranked 43th. 95% more than Australia

Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level 1.01 million
Ranked 23th. 11 times more than Singapore
92,140
Ranked 48th.

Elementary (primary school) > Duration 7
Ranked 24th. 17% more than Singapore
6
Ranked 30th.

Secondary education, teachers per 1000 5.95
Ranked 28th. 91% more than Singapore
3.12
Ranked 85th.

Secondary education, teachers 104,110
Ranked 23th. 7 times more than Singapore
15,560
Ranked 71st.

High school > Lower secondary school duration 4
Ranked 60th. Twice as much as Singapore
2
Ranked 185th.

Spending per student > High school 15.11
Ranked 47th.
16.64
Ranked 3rd. 10% more than Australia

Secondary education, general pupils 1.54 million
Ranked 35th. 8 times more than Singapore
205,171
Ranked 114th.

Scientific and technical journal articles 15,809
Ranked 10th. 5 times more than Singapore
3,122
Ranked 28th.

Tertiary > Students studying abroad proportion 0.818%
Ranked 118th.
8.92%
Ranked 36th. 11 times more than Australia

Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level per 1000 51.51
Ranked 9th. 2 times more than Singapore
25.1
Ranked 27th.

Scouting > Genders admitted both both
Elementary (primary school) > Starting age 5
Ranked 205th.
6
Ranked 45th. 20% more than Australia

Secondary education > General pupils 1.45 million
Ranked 40th. 8 times more than Singapore
185,713
Ranked 94th.
Spending per student > Elementary school 17.08
Ranked 34th. 53% more than Singapore
11.18
Ranked 1st.

Secondary school starting age > Years 12
Ranked 110th. The same as Singapore
12
Ranked 38th.

High school starting age > Years 12
Ranked 102nd. The same as Singapore
12
Ranked 39th.

Primary education > Teachers > Per capita 5.57 per 1,000 people
Ranked 40th. 78% more than Singapore
3.14 per 1,000 people
Ranked 107th.
Education enrolment by level > Primary level 1.93 million
Ranked 57th. 7 times more than Singapore
269,668
Ranked 94th.

High school > Population with at least high school education > Women 92.2%
Ranked 21st. 29% more than Singapore
71.3%
Ranked 54th.

Schools connected to the Internet 97%
Ranked 9th.
100%
Ranked 3rd. 3% more than Australia
Secondary education, pupils per 1000 104.3
Ranked 25th. 2 times more than Singapore
46.52
Ranked 139th.

Primary education, pupils per 1000 91.48
Ranked 85th. 55% more than Singapore
59.07
Ranked 141st.

Girls to boys ratio > Tertiary level enrolment 1.25
Ranked 37th. 76% more than Singapore
0.71
Ranked 63th.

Girls to boys ratio > Secondary level enrolment 0.95
Ranked 97th.
1.03
Ranked 44th. 8% more than Australia

Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level > Per capita 51.54 per 1,000 people
Ranked 9th. 2 times more than Singapore
25.11 per 1,000 people
Ranked 27th.

Universities > Top 100 12
Ranked 3rd. 6 times more than Singapore
2
Ranked 13th.
Tertiary > Students studying abroad per thousand people 0.485
Ranked 144th.
4.07
Ranked 47th. 8 times more than Australia

Outcomes > Secondary education > Duration > Years 6
Ranked 128th. 50% more than Singapore
4
Ranked 185th.

Teacher student ratio > High school 12.58
Ranked 83th.
16.36
Ranked 40th. 30% more than Australia

High school repeaters > Female 0.0
Ranked 104th.
1.2
Ranked 68th.
Teacher student ratio > Elementary school 17.88
Ranked 104th.
19.3
Ranked 65th. 8% more than Australia

Elementary school > Enrolled students 1.98 million
Ranked 47th. 7 times more than Singapore
299,704
Ranked 95th.

Primary education > Duration > Years 7 years
Ranked 20th. 17% more than Singapore
6 years
Ranked 26th.

Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$ per capita $24,308.11
Ranked 3rd. 12% more than Singapore
$21,703.68
Ranked 4th.

Secondary education, general pupils per 1000 69.08
Ranked 73th. 68% more than Singapore
41.14
Ranked 153th.

Elementary (primary) school) > Private school share 31.08%
Ranked 27th. 4 times more than Singapore
7.59%
Ranked 88th.

High school > Lower secondary starting age 12
Ranked 113th. The same as Singapore
12
Ranked 38th.

High school enrolment rate > Female 99.8
Ranked 15th. 5% more than Singapore
95.2
Ranked 47th.
Education enrolment ratio > Net > Primary level 97%
Ranked 47th. 1% more than Singapore
96%
Ranked 33th.
Duration of education > Secondary level 6
Ranked 122nd.
7
Ranked 21st. 17% more than Australia
Public spending per student > Tertiary level 24.9
Ranked 17th.
34.1
Ranked 12th. 37% more than Australia
Primary education > Pupils 1.93 million
Ranked 52nd. 7 times more than Singapore
260,286
Ranked 124th.
Secondary education > Pupils 2.49 million
Ranked 29th. 12 times more than Singapore
214,584
Ranked 88th.
High school > Population with at least high school education > Men 92.2%
Ranked 25th. 17% more than Singapore
78.9%
Ranked 46th.

Education enrolment by level > Secondary level > Per capita 127.98 per 1,000 people
Ranked 14th. 2 times more than Singapore
58.84 per 1,000 people
Ranked 80th.

Education enrolment by level > Percentage girls > Tertiary level 54%
Ranked 54th. 22% more than Singapore
44.28%
Ranked 69th.

Secondary education, vocational pupils 786,296
Ranked 13th. 29 times more than Singapore
26,832
Ranked 79th.

Elementary (primary) school > Students per teacher 17.88
Ranked 123th. 3% more than Singapore
17.44
Ranked 79th.

Secondary education > Teachers 111,000
Ranked 28th. 9 times more than Singapore
12,000
Ranked 80th.
Education enrolment by level > Secondary level 2.51 million
Ranked 32nd. 12 times more than Singapore
215,952
Ranked 74th.

Scientific and technical journal articles per million 794.61
Ranked 8th. 5% more than Singapore
758.72
Ranked 10th.

Duration of education > Primary level 7
Ranked 19th. 17% more than Singapore
6
Ranked 25th.
Public spending per student > Secondary level 13.9
Ranked 25th. 5% more than Singapore
13.3
Ranked 7th.
Education enrolment by level > Percentage girls > Primary level 48.61%
Ranked 69th. 2% more than Singapore
47.58%
Ranked 81st.

Education enrolment ratio > Net > Primary level > Women 97%
Ranked 43th. 1% more than Singapore
96%
Ranked 31st.
High school > Upper secondary starting age 16
Ranked 48th. 14% more than Singapore
14
Ranked 169th.

Elementary school starting age > Years 5
Ranked 174th.
6
Ranked 48th. 20% more than Australia

Library books 2.44 million
Ranked 6th.
5.42 million
Ranked 11th. 2 times more than Australia
Universities > Top 200 17
Ranked 3rd. 9 times more than Singapore
2
Ranked 21st.
Secondary education > General pupils > Per capita 72.08 per 1,000 people
Ranked 75th. 22% more than Singapore
59.22 per 1,000 people
Ranked 79th.
Education enrolment by level > Primary level > Per capita 0.098 per capita
Ranked 104th. 34% more than Singapore
0.073 per capita
Ranked 100th.

Education enrolment by level > Primary level per 1000 98.4
Ranked 106th. 34% more than Singapore
73.47
Ranked 100th.

Education enrolment ratio > Net > Primary level > Men 97%
Ranked 42nd. The same as Singapore
97%
Ranked 31st.
Library books per 1000 135.07
Ranked 10th.
1,369.09
Ranked 10th. 10 times more than Australia
Pupils-teacher ratio > Primary level 9.1
Ranked 10th.
25.3
Ranked 4th. 3 times more than Australia
Primary education > Teachers 105,469
Ranked 33th. 11 times more than Singapore
9,843
Ranked 97th.
Secondary education > Vocational pupils 1.04 million
Ranked 11th. 36 times more than Singapore
28,871
Ranked 83th.
Education enrolment by level > Percentage girls > Secondary level 48.01%
Ranked 110th. About the same as Singapore
47.94%
Ranked 75th.

Private school enrolment > Primary level 27.2
Ranked 16th. 2% more than Singapore
26.6
Ranked 1st.
Outcomes > Primary education > Duration > Years 7
Ranked 19th. 17% more than Singapore
6
Ranked 27th.

Secondary education > Pupils per 1000 123.82
Ranked 15th. 81% more than Singapore
68.45
Ranked 72nd.
Primary education > Teachers per 1000 5.57
Ranked 41st. 77% more than Singapore
3.14
Ranked 109th.
Female enrolment share > Primary level 48.6%
Ranked 61st. 2% more than Singapore
47.6%
Ranked 2nd.
Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$ $551.40 billion
Ranked 6th. 5 times more than Singapore
$115.30 billion
Ranked 13th.

Universities > Top 50 per million 0.294
Ranked 2nd.
0.469
Ranked 1st. 59% more than Australia
Universities > Top 200 per million 0.834
Ranked 2nd. 78% more than Singapore
0.469
Ranked 8th.
Primary school starting age > Years 5
Ranked 195th.
6
Ranked 45th. 20% more than Australia

Scouting > Members 65,881
Ranked 24th. 6 times more than Singapore
11,451
Ranked 69th.
High school > Share of total education spending 36.79%
Ranked 43th. 71% more than Singapore
21.47%
Ranked 16th.

Participation > Secondary education > General pupils 1.51 million
Ranked 35th. 7 times more than Singapore
204,146
Ranked 94th.

Secondary education > General pupils per 1000 71.95
Ranked 76th. 21% more than Singapore
59.24
Ranked 80th.
Secondary education > Teachers per 1000 6.42
Ranked 34th. 68% more than Singapore
3.83
Ranked 66th.
Ratio of female to male primary enrollment 99.56
Ranked 41st. 3% more than Singapore
97.12
Ranked 82nd.
Female enrolment share > Secondary level 48.9%
Ranked 76th. 4% more than Singapore
46.8%
Ranked 2nd.
Private school enrolment > Secondary level 33.6
Ranked 4th. 2% more than Singapore
32.8
Ranked 4th.
Education enrolment by level > Secondary level per 1000 127.91
Ranked 15th. 2 times more than Singapore
58.83
Ranked 80th.

Scouting > Members per thousand people 2.9
Ranked 48th. 35% more than Singapore
2.16
Ranked 61st.
Universities > Top 50 > Per $ GDP 0.134 per $14.1 billion of GDP
Ranked 3rd.
0.264 per $14.1 billion of GDP
Ranked 1st. 97% more than Australia
Universities > Top 50 6
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than Singapore
2
Ranked 5th.
Elementary school teachers 105,469
Ranked 31st. 7 times more than Singapore
15,525
Ranked 84th.

High school teachers 183,020
Ranked 10th. 13 times more than Singapore
14,128
Ranked 64th.

High school enrolment rate > Male 99.92
Ranked 10th. 13% more than Singapore
88.08
Ranked 59th.
Universities > Top 100 per million 0.588
Ranked 1st. 25% more than Singapore
0.469
Ranked 3rd.
Participation > Secondary education > Pupils 2.49 million
Ranked 27th. 10 times more than Singapore
241,964
Ranked 96th.

Universities > Top 200 > Per $ GDP 0.027 per $1 billion of GDP
Ranked 2nd. 42% more than Singapore
0.019 per $1 billion of GDP
Ranked 5th.
Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment 95.96
Ranked 106th. 3% more than Singapore
92.8
Ranked 85th.
Secondary education > Pupils > Per capita 124.04 per 1,000 people
Ranked 14th. 81% more than Singapore
68.43 per 1,000 people
Ranked 74th.
Primary education > Pupils per 1000 96.12
Ranked 99th. 16% more than Singapore
83.02
Ranked 124th.
Universities > Top 100 > Per $ GDP 0.268 per $14.1 billion of GDP
Ranked 1st. 2% more than Singapore
0.264 per $14.1 billion of GDP
Ranked 2nd.
Elementary school > Enrolled students > % female 48.62%
Ranked 62nd. 1% more than Singapore
48.18%
Ranked 93th.

Elementary school teachers > % female 76.21%
Ranked 26th.
81.03%
Ranked 51st. 6% more than Australia

Participation > Secondary education > Vocational pupils > % female 43.78%
Ranked 43th. 24% more than Singapore
35.21%
Ranked 85th.

Participation > Secondary education > Vocational pupils 1.03 million
Ranked 10th. 38 times more than Singapore
26,998
Ranked 69th.

Literacy and Attainment > Educational attainment: completed tertiary > Tertiary > Population 25+ years > % > Over 24 year olds 41.28%
Ranked 2nd. 4% more than Singapore
39.56%
Ranked 4th.
Primary education, teachers > % female 76.89%
Ranked 29th.
81.23%
Ranked 52nd. 6% more than Australia

Tertiary education, teachers > % female 31.43%
Ranked 13th.
38.12%
Ranked 23th. 21% more than Australia

Public spending on education, total > % of government expenditure 13.46%
Ranked 66th.
22.7%
Ranked 3rd. 69% more than Australia

Unemployment with primary education, male > % of male unemployment 48.5%
Ranked 21st. 97% more than Singapore
24.6%
Ranked 10th.

Labor force with tertiary education, male > % of male labor force 29.9%
Ranked 15th. 4% more than Singapore
28.7%
Ranked 13th.

Unemployment with tertiary education, female > % of female unemployment 21.1%
Ranked 45th.
26.1%
Ranked 6th. 24% more than Australia

Unemployment with tertiary education, male > % of male unemployment 17%
Ranked 34th.
25.8%
Ranked 2nd. 52% more than Australia

School enrollment > Primary > Female > % gross 102.6% gross
Ranked 78th. 1% more than Singapore
101.81% gross
Ranked 55th.
Expenditure per student > Secondary > % of GDP per capita 14.38%
Ranked 62nd.
18.16%
Ranked 51st. 26% more than Australia
Gross intake rate in grade 1 > Male > % of relevant age group 103.47%
Ranked 65th. 11% more than Singapore
93.12%
Ranked 68th.
Government spending on education > % of GDP 5.59%
Ranked 41st. 73% more than Singapore
3.23%
Ranked 13th.

Government spending on education > % of government spending 14.01%
Ranked 46th. 20% more than Singapore
11.63%
Ranked 2nd.

Secondary education, pupils > % female 47.37%
Ranked 104th.
48.18%
Ranked 108th. 2% more than Australia

Expenditure per student, primary > % of GDP per capita 22.52%
Ranked 24th. 2 times more than Singapore
11.17%
Ranked 72nd.

School enrollment > Secondary > % gross 148.56% gross
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than Singapore
67.09% gross
Ranked 68th.
Rhodes scholarships > Recipients > > 1902-2009 688
Ranked 2nd. 34 times more than Singapore
20
Ranked 15th.
Adjusted savings: education expenditure > % of GNI 4.78%
Ranked 60th. 58% more than Singapore
3.02%
Ranked 130th.

Secondary education, teachers, female 52,710
Ranked 17th. 5 times more than Singapore
10,251
Ranked 61st.

SOURCES: UNESCO; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; UNESCO Institute for Statistics; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Development Indicators database; Source: UNESCO UIS Data | UNESCO Institute for Statistics; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; World Bank staff estimates using data from the United Nations Statistics Division's Statistical Yearbook, and the UNESCO Institute for Statistics online database.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; Source: UNESCO UIS Data | UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: List of World Organization of the Scout Movement members (Table of World Organization of the Scout Movement members); UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; United Nations Development Programme. Source tables; The Times, 2005; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank national accounts data. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; World Bank national accounts data; The Times, 2005. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; "WOSM MEMBERSHIP as at 31st December 2012". World Organization of the Scout Movement. August 2013.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; Wikipedia: List of World Organization of the Scout Movement members (Table of World Organization of the Scout Movement members) ("WOSM MEMBERSHIP as at 31st December 2012" . World Organization of the Scout Movement . Retrieved 2014-03-03 .). Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=UNESCO&f=series%3aEA_56_Ag25t99, Educational attainment: completed tertiary; International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.; Wikipedia: Rhodes Scholarship Allocations; World Bank staff estimates

Citation

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