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Education Stats: compare key data on Australia & South Korea

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Definitions

  • Average IQ: Average IQ of different countries according to the controversial book "IQ and the Wealth of Nations".
  • Children out of school, primary: Children out of school, primary. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Total is the total number of primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • Children out of school, primary per 1000: Children out of school, primary. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Total is the total number of primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Children out of school, primary, female: Children out of school, primary, female. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Female is the total number of female primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • College and university > Gender parity index: Country's gender parity index for college and university enrollment. For countries with a rating of over 1, more females are enrolled while countries with a rating under 1 have more males enrolled.
  • College and university > Share of total education spending: Percentage of government education funding that goes to post-secondary education.
  • Compulsary education duration: Number of years students are required to be enrolled in school for all levels of education. For instance, compulsary education lasts for 12 years in the United States.
  • Government spending on education > Proportion of GDP: Percentage of public funding for education out of country's total GDP.
  • Homeschooling legal status: Legal status of homeschooling.
  • Literacy > Female: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Literacy > Total population: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Primary education, duration > Years: Primary education, duration (years). Duration of primary is the number of grades (years) in primary education.
  • Primary education, teachers per 1000: Primary education, teachers. Teaching staff in primary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private primary education institutions. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio, primary: Pupil-teacher ratio, primary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Primary is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers.
  • Secondary education, duration > Years: Secondary education, duration (years). Duration of secondary education is the number of grades (years) in secondary education (ISCED 2 & 3).
  • Children out of school, primary, female per 1000: Children out of school, primary, female. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Female is the total number of female primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Child care (preschool) > Duration: Number of years students study at the pre-primary (preschool) level. It should be noted that not all countries require pre-primary education.
  • Secondary education > Teachers > Per capita: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Secondary education, pupils: Secondary education, pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • College and university > Private school share: Percentage of post-secondary students who attend a private school, college, or university.
  • School life expectancy > Total: School life expectancy and transition from primary to secondary for school years 1998/99 and 1999/00, published in http://www.uis.unesco.org accessed on Sept. 2002 and Women's Indicators and Statistics Database (Wistat), Version 4, CD-ROM (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.00.XVII.4) based on data provided by UNESCO in 1999.
  • Primary education, teachers: Primary education, teachers. Teaching staff in primary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private primary education institutions. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Primary education, pupils: Primary education, pupils. Enrolment in primary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in public and private primary education institutions.
  • Compulsary education starting age: Age at which children must be enrolled in school.
  • Literacy > Definition: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • High school > Upper secondary school duration: Number of years students study at the upper secondary (high school) level.
  • Literacy > Male: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • High school > Private school share: Percentage of secondary students who attend a private school.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio > Primary: Primary school pupil-teacher ratio is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers (regardless of their teaching assignment).
  • Child care (preschool) > Starting age: Average age at which students begin pre-primary (preschool) education.
  • Tertiary > Students studying abroad: Total number of post-secondary students who were studying abroad during given year.
  • Literacy > Reading performance > Overall: Overall.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Elementary (primary school) > Duration: Number of years students study at the primary level.
  • Children out of school > Primary: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • Secondary education, teachers per 1000: Secondary education, teachers. Teaching staff in total secondary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private secondary education institutions (ISCED 2 and 3). Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education, teachers: Secondary education, teachers. Teaching staff in total secondary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private secondary education institutions (ISCED 2 and 3). Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Mathematical literacy: Mathematical literacy mean value of performance scale 15 years old 2000
  • High school > Lower secondary school duration: Number of years students study at the lower secondary (middle school) level.
  • Children out of school, primary, male per 1000: Children out of school, primary, male. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Male is the total number of male primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Scientific literacy: Scientific literacy mean value of performance scale 15 years old (2000)
  • Secondary education, general pupils: Secondary education, general pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. General programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in general programmes at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • Reading literacy: Reading literacy mean value of performance scale (15 years old, 2000)
  • High school > Gender parity index: Country's gender parity index for secondary level enrollment. For countries with a rating of over 1, more females are enrolled while countries with a rating under 1 have more males enrolled.
  • Literacy > Reading performance > Overall reading skills: Overall.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Scientific and technical journal articles: Scientific and technical journal articles refer to the number of scientific and engineering articles published in the following fields: physics, biology, chemistry, mathematics, clinical medicine, biomedical research, engineering and technology, and earth and space sciences.
  • Literacy > Reading performance > Access and retrieve: Access and retrieve.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Tertiary > Students studying abroad proportion: The number of students from a given country studying abroad in a given year, expressed as a percentage of total tertiary enrollment in that country. Ratios greater than 100 % are possible, because those currently studying abroad do not count towards total enrollment.
  • Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Scouting > Genders admitted: Admits boys/girls.
  • Elementary (primary school) > Starting age: Average age at which students begin primary education.
  • Children out of school, primary, male: Children out of school, primary, male. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Male is the total number of male primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • Secondary education > General pupils: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training.
  • Secondary school starting age > Years: Secondary school starting age (years). Entrance age of 2A lower secondary is the age at which students would enter lower secondary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade.
  • Primary education > Teachers > Per capita: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Schools connected to the Internet: Schools connected to the Internet are the share of primary and secondary schools in the country that have access to the Internet.
  • Primary education, pupils per 1000: Primary education, pupils. Enrolment in primary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in public and private primary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education, pupils per 1000: Secondary education, pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled at public and private secondary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Universities > Top 100: Number of universities in the top 100
  • Tertiary > Students studying abroad per thousand people: Total number of post-secondary students who were studying abroad during given year. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Children out of school > Primary per 1000: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Inequality adjusted index: Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index.
  • Proportion of education spending on teachers' salaries: Percentage of public education funding for all levels that goes to teachers' salaries.
  • Primary education > Duration > Years: Primary duration refers to the number of years of full-time equivalent duration in primary education in the school system according to ISCED.
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$ per capita: Services, etc., value added (constant 2000 US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Secondary education, general pupils per 1000: Secondary education, general pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. General programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in general programmes at public and private secondary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Literacy > Reading performance > Integrate and interpret: Integrate and interpret.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • High school > Lower secondary starting age: Average age at which students begin lower secondary (middle school) education.
  • Elementary (primary) school) > Private school share: Percentage of primary students who attend a private school.
  • Secondary education > Pupils: Secondary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • Primary education > Pupils: Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • Education enrolment by level > Secondary level > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Secondary education, vocational pupils: Secondary education, vocational pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. Technical/vocational programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in technical/vocational programmes at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • Elementary (primary) school > Students per teacher: Number of students per teacher for primary education.
  • Spending on education > Proportion spent on all staff salaries: Percentage of public funding for education that goes to school staff salaries.
  • Secondary education > Teachers: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Scientific and technical journal articles per million: Scientific and technical journal articles refer to the number of scientific and engineering articles published in the following fields: physics, biology, chemistry, mathematics, clinical medicine, biomedical research, engineering and technology, and earth and space sciences. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Literacy > Reading performance > Continuous texts: Continuous texts.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Literacy > Reading performance > Non-continuous texts: Non-continuous texts.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Progression to secondary school: Progression to secondary school refers to the number of new entrants to the first grade of secondary school in a given year as a percentage of the number of students enrolled in the final grade of primary school in the previous year.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Per capita: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Literacy > Reading performance > Reflect and evaluate: Reflect and evaluate.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • High school > Upper secondary starting age: Average age at which students begin upper secondary (high school) education.
  • School life expectancy > Male: School life expectancy and transition from primary to secondary for school years 1998/99 and 1999/00, published in http://www.uis.unesco.org accessed on Sept. 2002 and Women's Indicators and Statistics Database (Wistat), Version 4, CD-ROM (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.00.XVII.4) based on data provided by UNESCO in 1999.
  • Universities > Top 200: Number of universities in the top 200
  • Secondary education > General pupils > Per capita: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Education enrolment by level > Primary level > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Education enrolment by level > Primary level per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Research and Development > RandD > Expenditure on RandD > Gross domestic expenditure on RandD: Research and development (R&D) comprise creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of man, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications. R&D is a term covering three activities: basic research, applied research, and experimental development. Basic research is experimental or theoretical work undertaken primarily to acquire new knowledge of the underlying foundation of phenomena and observable facts, without any particular application or use in view. Applied research is also original investigation undertaken in order to acquire new knowledge. It is, however, directed primarily towards a specific practical aim or objective. Experimental development is systematic work, drawing on existing knowledge gained from research and/or practical experience, which is directed to producing new materials, products or devices, to installing new processes, systems and services, or to improving substantially those already produced or installed.

    The main aggregate used for international comparisons is gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD). This consists of the total expenditure (current and capital) on R&D by all resident companies, research institutes, university and government laboratories, etc. It excludes R&D expenditures financed by domestic firms but performed abroad.
  • Library books per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education > Vocational pupils: Secondary vocational pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in technical and vocational education programs, including teacher training.
  • Primary education > Teachers: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Expenditure on education > Change in expenditure on education > Expenditure in tertiary education: The indicator shows direct public and private expenditure on educational institutions in relation to the number of full-time equivalent students enrolled in these institutions. Public subsidies for students’ living expenses have been excluded to ensure international comparability of the data.

    Expenditure on education per student is obtained by dividing the total expenditure on educational institutions by the number of full-time equivalents students. Only those educational institutions and programmes are taken into account for which both enrolment and expenditure data are available.
  • Secondary education > Pupils per 1000: Secondary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Primary education > Teachers per 1000: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Female > Per capita: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$: Services, etc., value added (constant 2000 US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars.
  • Universities > Top 200 per million: Number of universities in the top 200. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Primary school starting age > Years: Primary school starting age (years). Entrance age of primary is the age at which students would enter primary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade.
  • Scouting > Members: Members of boy or girl scout groups which are members of the World Organization of the Scout Movement (WOSM).
  • Elementary (primary) school > Proportion of education spending on teachers' salaries: Percentage of public funding for primary education that goes to teachers' salaries.
  • High school > Share of total education spending: Percentage of government education funding that goes to secondary education.
  • Elementary (primary) school) > Proportion spent on all staff salaries: Percentage of public funding for primary education that goes to school staff salaries.
  • High school> Proportion of education spending on teachers' salaries: Percentage of public funding for secondary education that goes to teachers' salaries.
  • Secondary education > Teachers per 1000: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education > General pupils per 1000: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Ratio of female to male primary enrollment: Ratio of female to male primary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Male: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • Elementary (primary) school > Gender parity index: Country's gender parity index in primary, or elementary, school. For countries with a rating of over 1, more females are enrolled while countries with a rating under 1 have more males enrolled. 
  • Education enrolment by level > Secondary level per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Scouting > Members per thousand people: Membership (from 2012). Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Outcomes > Tertiary attainment > Tertiary attainment for age group 55-64: For each age group shown, those who have completed tertiary education are shown as a percentage of all persons in that age group. Tertiary education includes both tertiary-type "A programmes”, which are largely theoretically-based and designed to provide qualifications for entry to advanced research programmes and professions with high skill requirements, as well as tertiary-type "B programmes” which are classified at the same level of competencies as tertiary-type A programmes but are more occupationally-oriented and lead to direct labour market access. The tertiary attainment profiles are based on the percentage of the population aged 25 to 64 that has completed that level of education.
  • School life expectancy > Female: School life expectancy and transition from primary to secondary for school years 1998/99 and 1999/00, published in http://www.uis.unesco.org accessed on Sept. 2002 and Women's Indicators and Statistics Database (Wistat), Version 4, CD-ROM (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.00.XVII.4) based on data provided by UNESCO in 1999.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Male > Per capita: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Universities > Top 100 per million: Number of universities in the top 100. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Universities > Top 200 > Per $ GDP: Number of universities in the top 200 Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 billion $ gross domestic product.
  • Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment: Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • Primary education > Pupils per 1000: Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education > Pupils > Per capita: Secondary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Research and Development > RandD > Expenditure on RandD > Gross domestic expenditure on RandD per million: Research and development (R&D) comprise creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of man, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications. R&D is a term covering three activities: basic research, applied research, and experimental development. Basic research is experimental or theoretical work undertaken primarily to acquire new knowledge of the underlying foundation of phenomena and observable facts, without any particular application or use in view. Applied research is also original investigation undertaken in order to acquire new knowledge. It is, however, directed primarily towards a specific practical aim or objective. Experimental development is systematic work, drawing on existing knowledge gained from research and/or practical experience, which is directed to producing new materials, products or devices, to installing new processes, systems and services, or to improving substantially those already produced or installed.

    The main aggregate used for international comparisons is gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD). This consists of the total expenditure (current and capital) on R&D by all resident companies, research institutes, university and government laboratories, etc. It excludes R&D expenditures financed by domestic firms but performed abroad. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Young shorttext readers: Share of 15-year-olds who are frequent shorttext (particularly comics) readers (2000)
  • Young longtext readers: Share of 15-year-olds who are frequent longtext readers(2000)
  • Universities > Top 100 > Per $ GDP: Number of universities in the top 100 Per $ GDP figures expressed per 14.1 billion $ gross domestic product.
  • High school > Proportion spent on all staff salaries: Percentage of public funding for secondary education that goes to school staff salaries.
  • School enrollment, tertiary > % gross: School enrollment, tertiary (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Tertiary (ISCED 5 and 6). Total is the total enrollment in tertiary education (ISCED 5 and 6), regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the total population of the five-year age group following on from secondary school leaving.
  • School enrollment, secondary, female > % net: School enrollment, secondary, female (% net). Net enrolment rate. Secondary. All programmes. Female is the ratio of female children of the official secondary school age who are enrolled in secondary school to the female population of the official secondary school age.
  • Services, etc., value added > Current US$: Services, etc., value added (current US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant LCU: Services, etc., value added (constant LCU). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant local currency.
  • School enrollment, secondary, male > % gross: School enrollment, secondary, male (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Secondary. All programmes. Male is the total male enrollment in secondary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the male population of official secondary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • School enrollment, preprimary > % gross: School enrollment, preprimary (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Pre-primary. Total is the total enrollment in pre-primary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the total population of official pre-primary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • School enrollment, primary > % net: School enrollment, primary (% net). Net enrolment rate. Primary. Total is the ratio of children of the official primary school age who are enrolled in primary school to the total population of the official primary school age.
  • School enrollment, secondary > % gross: School enrollment, secondary (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Secondary. All programmes. Total is the total enrollment in secondary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of official secondary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • School enrollment, secondary, private > % of total secondary: School enrollment, secondary, private (% of total secondary). Percentage of private enrolment. Secondary is the enrolment in private secondary schools expressed as a percentage of total enrolment (public and private) in secondary schools. 'Private' refers to all educational institutions not operated by a public authority, regardless of whether they receive financial support from public authorities. A high percentage indicates strong involvement of the non-governmental sector (including religious bodies, other organizations, associations, communities, private enterprises or persons) in providing organized educational programmes.
  • School enrollment, tertiary, female > % gross: School enrollment, tertiary, female (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Tertiary (ISCED 5 and 6). Female is the total female enrollment in tertiary education (ISCED 5 and 6), regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the total female population of the five-year age group following on from secondary school leaving.
  • Expenditure per student, tertiary > % of GDP per capita: Expenditure per student, tertiary (% of GDP per capita). Public expenditure per pupil as a % of GDP per capita. Tertiary is the total public expenditure per student in tertiary education as a percentage of GDP per capita. Public expenditure (current and capital) includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities).
  • Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education: Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary and secondary levels in public and private schools.
  • Net intake rate in grade 1 > Female > % of official school-age population: Net intake rate in grade 1 is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education who are of official primary school entrance age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the corresponding age.
  • Progression to secondary school > Female: Progression to secondary school refers to the number of new entrants to the first grade of secondary school in a given year as a percentage of the number of students enrolled in the final grade of primary school in the previous year.
  • School enrollment > Primary > Male > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music.
  • School enrollment > Preprimary > Female > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Preprimary education refers to the initial stage of organized instruction, designed primarily to introduce very young children to a school-type environment.
  • Persistence to grade 5 > Total > % of cohort: Persistence to grade 5 (percentage of cohort reaching grade 5) is the share of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach grade 5. The estimate is based on the reconstructed cohort method.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Male per 1000: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Net intake rate in grade 1 > % of official school-age population: Net intake rate in grade 1 is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education who are of official primary school entrance age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the corresponding age.
  • Unemployment with primary education, female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment with primary education, female (% of female unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Progression to secondary school > Male: Progression to secondary school refers to the number of new entrants to the first grade of secondary school in a given year as a percentage of the number of students enrolled in the final grade of primary school in the previous year.
  • School enrollment, primary, male > % gross: School enrollment, primary, male (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Primary. Male is the total male enrollment in primary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the male population of official primary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • School enrollment > Tertiary > Female > % gross: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Tertiary education, whether or not to an advanced research qualification, normally requires, as a minimum condition of admission, the successful completion of education at the secondary level.
  • Primary education > Pupils > Per capita: Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Net intake rate in grade 1 > Male > % of official school-age population: Net intake rate in grade 1 is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education who are of official primary school entrance age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the corresponding age.
  • Persistence to grade 5 > Female > % of cohort: Persistence to grade 5 (percentage of cohort reaching grade 5) is the share of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach grade 5. The estimate is based on the reconstructed cohort method.
  • Researchers in R&D > Per million people: Researchers in R&D (per million people). Researchers in R&D are professionals engaged in the conception or creation of new knowledge, products, processes, methods, or systems and in the management of the projects concerned. Postgraduate PhD students (ISCED97 level 6) engaged in R&D are included.
  • School enrollment, tertiary, male > % gross: School enrollment, tertiary, male (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Tertiary (ISCED 5 and 6). Male is the total male enrollment in tertiary education (ISCED 5 and 6), regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the total male population of the five-year age group following on from secondary school leaving.
  • Secondary education, teachers, female: Secondary education, teachers, female. Teaching staff in total secondary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Female is the total number of female teachers in public and private secondary education institutions (ISCED 2 and 3). Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • School enrollment > Primary > Male > % net: Net enrollment ratio is the ratio of children of official school age based on the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music.
  • School enrollment, secondary, male > % net: School enrollment, secondary, male (% net). Net enrolment rate. Secondary. All programmes. Male is the ratio of male children of the official secondary school age who are enrolled in secondary school to the male population of the official secondary school age.
  • Literacy and Attainment > Educational attainment: completed tertiary > Tertiary > Population 25+ years > % > Over 24 year olds: Percentage of population older than 24 years that has completed tertiary education.
  • School enrollment, secondary, female > % gross: School enrollment, secondary, female (% gross). Gross enrolment ratio. Secondary. All programmes. Female is the total female enrollment in secondary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the female population of official secondary education age. GER can exceed 100% due to the inclusion of over-aged and under-aged students because of early or late school entrance and grade repetition.
  • Unemployment with secondary education, male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment with secondary education, male (% of male unemployment). Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Public spending on education, total > % of GDP: Public spending on education, total (% of GDP). Public expenditure on education as % of GDP is the total public expenditure (current and capital) on education expressed as a percentage of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in a given year. Public expenditure on education includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration, and transfers/subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities).
STAT Australia South Korea HISTORY
Average IQ 98
Ranked 14th.
106
Ranked 2nd. 8% more than Australia
Children out of school, primary 68,417
Ranked 39th. 2 times more than South Korea
30,444
Ranked 54th.

Children out of school, primary per 1000 3.06
Ranked 68th. 5 times more than South Korea
0.612
Ranked 100th.

Children out of school, primary, female 29,573
Ranked 39th. 50% more than South Korea
19,771
Ranked 44th.

College and university > Gender parity index 1.35
Ranked 39th. 87% more than South Korea
0.721
Ranked 101st.

College and university > Share of total education spending 22.28%
Ranked 42nd. 31% more than South Korea
17.06%
Ranked 69th.

Compulsary education duration 11
Ranked 41st. 22% more than South Korea
9
Ranked 134th.

Government spending on education > Proportion of GDP 5.59%
Ranked 41st. 11% more than South Korea
5.05%
Ranked 60th.

Homeschooling legal status Legal as alternative to the mandatory public school system. Prohibited by law but law is unclear and the cause is supported by business leaders, therefore homeschoolers do not generally experience issues with authorities.
Literacy > Female 99%
Ranked 24th. 2% more than South Korea
97%
Ranked 44th.

Literacy > Total population 99%
Ranked 25th. 1% more than South Korea
98.1%
Ranked 39th.

Primary education, duration > Years 7
Ranked 20th. 17% more than South Korea
6
Ranked 138th.

Primary education, teachers per 1000 5.57
Ranked 46th. 68% more than South Korea
3.31
Ranked 101st.

Pupil-teacher ratio, primary 17.88
Ranked 118th.
19.05
Ranked 68th. 7% more than Australia

Secondary education, duration > Years 6
Ranked 144th. The same as South Korea
6
Ranked 158th.

Children out of school, primary, female per 1000 1.32
Ranked 67th. 3 times more than South Korea
0.397
Ranked 83th.

Child care (preschool) > Duration 1
Ranked 201st.
3
Ranked 118th. 3 times more than Australia

Secondary education > Teachers > Per capita 6.42 per 1,000 people
Ranked 33th. 49% more than South Korea
4.3 per 1,000 people
Ranked 39th.

Secondary education, pupils 2.33 million
Ranked 32nd.
3.87 million
Ranked 21st. 66% more than Australia

College and university > Private school share 8.79%
Ranked 92nd.
80.67%
Ranked 9th. 9 times more than Australia

Girls to boys ratio > Primary level enrolment 0.99
Ranked 53th. The same as South Korea
0.99
Ranked 2nd.

School life expectancy > Total 16.6 years
Ranked 3rd. 14% more than South Korea
14.6 years
Ranked 22nd.
Primary education, teachers 105,469
Ranked 36th.
164,820
Ranked 23th. 56% more than Australia

Primary education, pupils 2.04 million
Ranked 48th.
3.14 million
Ranked 34th. 54% more than Australia

Compulsary education starting age 5
Ranked 172nd.
6
Ranked 133th. 20% more than Australia

Literacy > Definition age 15 and over can read and write age 15 and over can read and write
High school > Upper secondary school duration 2
Ranked 188th.
3
Ranked 132nd. 50% more than Australia

Literacy > Male 99%
Ranked 34th.
99.3%
Ranked 17th. About the same as Australia

High school > Private school share 35.24%
Ranked 16th. 12% more than South Korea
31.46%
Ranked 18th.

Pupil-teacher ratio > Primary 17.88
Ranked 114th.
29.02
Ranked 43th. 62% more than Australia

Child care (preschool) > Starting age 4
Ranked 50th. 33% more than South Korea
3
Ranked 195th.

Tertiary > Students studying abroad 10,829.8
Ranked 75th.
128,241.27
Ranked 3rd. 12 times more than Australia

Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level 1.01 million
Ranked 23th.
3.22 million
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than Australia

Literacy > Reading performance > Overall 515
Ranked 7th.
539
Ranked 1st. 5% more than Australia
Elementary (primary school) > Duration 7
Ranked 24th. 17% more than South Korea
6
Ranked 146th.

Children out of school > Primary 77,047
Ranked 37th. 5 times more than South Korea
14,161
Ranked 48th.

Secondary education, teachers per 1000 5.95
Ranked 28th. 24% more than South Korea
4.81
Ranked 61st.

Secondary education, teachers 104,110
Ranked 23th.
239,292
Ranked 16th. 2 times more than Australia

Mathematical literacy 533
Ranked 6th.
547
Ranked 2nd. 3% more than Australia
High school > Lower secondary school duration 4
Ranked 60th. 33% more than South Korea
3
Ranked 179th.

Children out of school, primary, male per 1000 1.74
Ranked 61st. 8 times more than South Korea
0.214
Ranked 92nd.

Scientific literacy 528
Ranked 7th.
552
Ranked 1st. 5% more than Australia
Secondary education, general pupils 1.54 million
Ranked 35th.
3.45 million
Ranked 19th. 2 times more than Australia

Reading literacy 528
Ranked 4th. 1% more than South Korea
525
Ranked 6th.
High school > Gender parity index 0.951
Ranked 109th.
0.988
Ranked 88th. 4% more than Australia

Literacy > Reading performance > Overall reading skills 515
Ranked 7th.
539
Ranked 1st. 5% more than Australia
Scientific and technical journal articles 15,809
Ranked 10th. 15% more than South Korea
13,746
Ranked 12th.

Literacy > Reading performance > Access and retrieve 513
Ranked 9th.
542
Ranked 1st. 6% more than Australia
Tertiary > Students studying abroad proportion 0.818%
Ranked 118th.
3.82%
Ranked 74th. 5 times more than Australia

Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level per 1000 51.51
Ranked 9th.
67.35
Ranked 1st. 31% more than Australia

Scouting > Genders admitted both both
Elementary (primary school) > Starting age 5
Ranked 205th.
6
Ranked 168th. 20% more than Australia

Education expenditure of government > As percentage of total government 13.3%
Ranked 56th.
16.5%
Ranked 32nd. 24% more than Australia

Children out of school, primary, male 38,844
Ranked 37th. 4 times more than South Korea
10,673
Ranked 54th.

Education expenditure of government > As percentage of GNI 4.9%
Ranked 52nd. 7% more than South Korea
4.6%
Ranked 59th.

Secondary education > General pupils 1.45 million
Ranked 40th.
3.18 million
Ranked 10th. 2 times more than Australia

Secondary school starting age > Years 12
Ranked 110th. The same as South Korea
12
Ranked 128th.

Primary education > Teachers > Per capita 5.57 per 1,000 people
Ranked 40th. 89% more than South Korea
2.94 per 1,000 people
Ranked 75th.

Education enrolment by level > Primary level 1.93 million
Ranked 57th.
4.19 million
Ranked 4th. 2 times more than Australia

Schools connected to the Internet 97%
Ranked 9th.
100%
Ranked 3rd. 3% more than Australia

Primary education, pupils per 1000 91.48
Ranked 85th. 45% more than South Korea
63.07
Ranked 117th.

Secondary education, pupils per 1000 104.3
Ranked 25th. 34% more than South Korea
77.7
Ranked 77th.

Girls to boys ratio > Tertiary level enrolment 1.25
Ranked 37th. 98% more than South Korea
0.63
Ranked 2nd.

Girls to boys ratio > Secondary level enrolment 0.95
Ranked 97th.
1
Ranked 3rd. 5% more than Australia

Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level > Per capita 51.54 per 1,000 people
Ranked 9th.
67.37 per 1,000 people
Ranked 1st. 31% more than Australia

Universities > Top 100 12
Ranked 3rd. 12 times more than South Korea
1
Ranked 17th.
Tertiary > Students studying abroad per thousand people 0.485
Ranked 144th.
2.58
Ranked 73th. 5 times more than Australia

Children out of school > Primary per 1000 3.83
Ranked 67th. 13 times more than South Korea
0.294
Ranked 73th.

Inequality adjusted index 0.965
Ranked 2nd. 37% more than South Korea
0.702
Ranked 43th.
Proportion of education spending on teachers' salaries 51.97%
Ranked 16th. The same as South Korea
51.94%
Ranked 34th.

Percentage of pupils starting grade 1 reaching grade 5 98.8%
Ranked 12th. About the same as South Korea
98.6%
Ranked 2nd.

Primary education > Duration > Years 7 years
Ranked 20th. 17% more than South Korea
6 years
Ranked 136th.

Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$ per capita $24,308.11
Ranked 3rd. 2 times more than South Korea
$11,125.42
Ranked 7th.

Secondary education, general pupils per 1000 69.08
Ranked 73th.
69.34
Ranked 71st. About the same as Australia

Literacy > Reading performance > Integrate and interpret 513
Ranked 7th.
541
Ranked 1st. 5% more than Australia
High school > Lower secondary starting age 12
Ranked 113th. The same as South Korea
12
Ranked 131st.

Elementary (primary) school) > Private school share 31.08%
Ranked 27th. 21 times more than South Korea
1.49%
Ranked 121st.

Education enrolment ratio > Net > Primary level 97%
Ranked 47th.
100%
Ranked 1st. 3% more than Australia

Secondary education > Pupils 2.49 million
Ranked 29th.
3.69 million
Ranked 10th. 48% more than Australia

Primary education > Pupils 1.93 million
Ranked 52nd.
4.13 million
Ranked 15th. 2 times more than Australia

Education enrolment by level > Secondary level > Per capita 127.98 per 1,000 people
Ranked 14th. 68% more than South Korea
76.19 per 1,000 people
Ranked 4th.

Education enrolment by level > Percentage girls > Tertiary level 54%
Ranked 54th. 48% more than South Korea
36.55%
Ranked 5th.

Secondary education, vocational pupils 786,296
Ranked 13th. 89% more than South Korea
416,394
Ranked 19th.

Elementary (primary) school > Students per teacher 17.88
Ranked 123th.
19.05
Ranked 68th. 7% more than Australia

Spending on education > Proportion spent on all staff salaries 73.47%
Ranked 41st. 9% more than South Korea
67.18%
Ranked 62nd.

Secondary education > Teachers 111,000
Ranked 28th.
207,878
Ranked 5th. 87% more than Australia

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary 20 years
Ranked 1st. 18% more than South Korea
17 years
Ranked 1st.
Education enrolment by level > Secondary level 2.51 million
Ranked 32nd.
3.65 million
Ranked 2nd. 45% more than Australia

Scientific and technical journal articles per million 794.61
Ranked 8th. 3 times more than South Korea
287.22
Ranked 26th.

Literacy > Reading performance > Continuous texts 513
Ranked 7th.
538
Ranked 1st. 5% more than Australia
Literacy > Reading performance > Non-continuous texts 524
Ranked 5th.
542
Ranked 1st. 3% more than Australia
Education enrolment by level > Percentage girls > Primary level 48.61%
Ranked 69th. 4% more than South Korea
46.95%
Ranked 7th.

Progression to secondary school 99.86%
Ranked 8th. 1% more than South Korea
98.69%
Ranked 11th.

Children out of school > Primary > Per capita 3.83 per 1,000 people
Ranked 68th. 13 times more than South Korea
0.293 per 1,000 people
Ranked 74th.

Literacy > Reading performance > Reflect and evaluate 523
Ranked 6th.
542
Ranked 1st. 4% more than Australia
Education enrolment ratio > Net > Primary level > Women 97%
Ranked 43th.
100%
Ranked 1st. 3% more than Australia

High school > Upper secondary starting age 16
Ranked 48th. 7% more than South Korea
15
Ranked 159th.

Library books 2.44 million
Ranked 6th.
2.58 million
Ranked 5th. 6% more than Australia
School life expectancy > Male 16.4 years
Ranked 1st. 7% more than South Korea
15.3 years
Ranked 10th.
Universities > Top 200 17
Ranked 3rd. 6 times more than South Korea
3
Ranked 15th.
Secondary education > General pupils > Per capita 72.08 per 1,000 people
Ranked 75th. 10% more than South Korea
65.8 per 1,000 people
Ranked 56th.

Education enrolment by level > Primary level > Per capita 0.098 per capita
Ranked 104th. 13% more than South Korea
0.087 per capita
Ranked 8th.

Education enrolment by level > Primary level per 1000 98.4
Ranked 106th. 13% more than South Korea
87.45
Ranked 8th.

Education enrolment ratio > Net > Primary level > Men 97%
Ranked 42nd.
100%
Ranked 1st. 3% more than Australia

Research and Development > RandD > Expenditure on RandD > Gross domestic expenditure on RandD 2.01%
Ranked 12th.
2.98%
Ranked 4th. 48% more than Australia
Library books per 1000 135.07
Ranked 10th. 2 times more than South Korea
57.13
Ranked 12th.
Secondary education > Vocational pupils 1.04 million
Ranked 11th. 2 times more than South Korea
514,550
Ranked 3rd.

Primary education > Teachers 105,469
Ranked 33th.
142,153
Ranked 13th. 35% more than Australia

Education enrolment by level > Percentage girls > Secondary level 48.01%
Ranked 110th. 1% more than South Korea
47.35%
Ranked 5th.

Expenditure on education > Change in expenditure on education > Expenditure in tertiary education 122.22 Index of change, year 200
Ranked 13th.
130.39 Index of change, year 200
Ranked 11th. 7% more than Australia
Secondary education > Pupils per 1000 123.82
Ranked 15th. 61% more than South Korea
76.71
Ranked 41st.

Primary education > Teachers per 1000 5.57
Ranked 41st. 89% more than South Korea
2.95
Ranked 72nd.

Children out of school > Primary > Female > Per capita 1.75 per 1,000 people
Ranked 71st. 8 times more than South Korea
0.216 per 1,000 people
Ranked 68th.

Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$ $551.40 billion
Ranked 6th.
$556.32 billion
Ranked 5th. 1% more than Australia

Universities > Top 200 per million 0.834
Ranked 2nd. 13 times more than South Korea
0.0623
Ranked 21st.
Primary school starting age > Years 5
Ranked 195th.
6
Ranked 166th. 20% more than Australia

Scouting > Members 65,881
Ranked 24th.
190,539
Ranked 11th. 3 times more than Australia
Elementary (primary) school > Proportion of education spending on teachers' salaries 62.53%
Ranked 33th. 6% more than South Korea
59.1%
Ranked 43th.

High school > Share of total education spending 36.79%
Ranked 43th.
38.22%
Ranked 36th. 4% more than Australia

Elementary (primary) school) > Proportion spent on all staff salaries 76.85%
Ranked 61st. 8% more than South Korea
71.36%
Ranked 67th.

High school> Proportion of education spending on teachers' salaries 59.68%
Ranked 34th. 2% more than South Korea
58.31%
Ranked 45th.

Secondary education > Teachers per 1000 6.42
Ranked 34th. 49% more than South Korea
4.32
Ranked 39th.

Secondary education > General pupils per 1000 71.95
Ranked 76th. 9% more than South Korea
66.02
Ranked 58th.

Ratio of female to male primary enrollment 99.56
Ranked 41st. About the same as South Korea
99.43
Ranked 25th.

Children out of school > Primary > Male 41,839
Ranked 36th. 11 times more than South Korea
3,732
Ranked 47th.

Elementary (primary) school > Gender parity index 0.994
Ranked 62nd. 1% more than South Korea
0.987
Ranked 83th.

Education enrolment by level > Secondary level per 1000 127.91
Ranked 15th. 68% more than South Korea
76.17
Ranked 4th.

Scouting > Members per thousand people 2.9
Ranked 48th.
3.81
Ranked 37th. 31% more than Australia
Outcomes > Tertiary attainment > Tertiary attainment for age group 55-64 26.26%
Ranked 6th. 2 times more than South Korea
10.58%
Ranked 26th.
School life expectancy > Female 16.8 years
Ranked 5th. 21% more than South Korea
13.9 years
Ranked 31st.
Percentage of pupils starting grade 1 reaching grade 5 > Men 98.1%
Ranked 11th.
98.6%
Ranked 2nd. 1% more than Australia

Children out of school > Primary > Male > Per capita 2.08 per 1,000 people
Ranked 65th. 27 times more than South Korea
0.077 per 1,000 people
Ranked 71st.

Universities > Top 100 per million 0.588
Ranked 1st. 28 times more than South Korea
0.0208
Ranked 18th.
Universities > Top 200 > Per $ GDP 0.027 per $1 billion of GDP
Ranked 2nd. 7 times more than South Korea
0.004 per $1 billion of GDP
Ranked 22nd.
Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment 95.96
Ranked 106th.
100.3
Ranked 44th. 5% more than Australia

Primary education > Pupils per 1000 96.12
Ranked 99th. 12% more than South Korea
85.7
Ranked 85th.

Secondary education > Pupils > Per capita 124.04 per 1,000 people
Ranked 14th. 62% more than South Korea
76.46 per 1,000 people
Ranked 40th.

Research and Development > RandD > Expenditure on RandD > Gross domestic expenditure on RandD per million 0.0923%
Ranked 16th. 52% more than South Korea
0.0606%
Ranked 18th.
Young shorttext readers 10.6%
Ranked 25th.
52.2%
Ranked 5th. 5 times more than Australia
Young longtext readers 36%
Ranked 2nd. 3 times more than South Korea
14%
Ranked 23th.
Universities > Top 100 > Per $ GDP 0.268 per $14.1 billion of GDP
Ranked 1st. 13 times more than South Korea
0.021 per $14.1 billion of GDP
Ranked 19th.
High school > Proportion spent on all staff salaries 75%
Ranked 55th. 7% more than South Korea
70.05%
Ranked 65th.

School enrollment, tertiary > % gross 83.24%
Ranked 7th.
100.8%
Ranked 1st. 21% more than Australia

School enrollment, secondary, female > % net 86.09%
Ranked 41st.
95.1%
Ranked 11th. 10% more than Australia

Services, etc., value added > Current US$ $997.27 billion
Ranked 4th. 68% more than South Korea
$592.29 billion
Ranked 7th.

Services, etc., value added > Constant LCU 931.96 billion
Ranked 33th.
569.73 trillion
Ranked 3rd. 611 times more than Australia

School enrollment, secondary, male > % gross 136.65%
Ranked 1st. 40% more than South Korea
97.4%
Ranked 41st.

School enrollment, preprimary > % gross 94.94%
Ranked 31st.
117.74%
Ranked 4th. 24% more than Australia

School enrollment, primary > % net 96.4%
Ranked 39th.
98.87%
Ranked 13th. 3% more than Australia

School enrollment, secondary > % gross 133.05%
Ranked 1st. 38% more than South Korea
96.73%
Ranked 47th.

School enrollment, secondary, private > % of total secondary 35.24%
Ranked 16th. 12% more than South Korea
31.46%
Ranked 18th.

School enrollment, tertiary, female > % gross 96.88%
Ranked 8th. 14% more than South Korea
85.32%
Ranked 17th.

Expenditure per student, tertiary > % of GDP per capita 21.52%
Ranked 67th. 63% more than South Korea
13.16%
Ranked 85th.

Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education 102.19%
Ranked 61st. 17% more than South Korea
87.21%
Ranked 59th.

Net intake rate in grade 1 > Female > % of official school-age population 72.89%
Ranked 30th.
96.29%
Ranked 3rd. 32% more than Australia

Progression to secondary school > Female 99.8%
Ranked 14th. 2% more than South Korea
98.22%
Ranked 18th.

School enrollment > Primary > Male > % gross 103.05% gross
Ranked 87th.
105.07% gross
Ranked 59th. 2% more than Australia

School enrollment > Preprimary > Female > % gross 102.36% gross
Ranked 16th. 13% more than South Korea
90.55% gross
Ranked 10th.

Persistence to grade 5 > Total > % of cohort 98.8%
Ranked 12th. 1% more than South Korea
98.08%
Ranked 6th.

Children out of school > Primary > Male per 1000 2.08
Ranked 64th. 27 times more than South Korea
0.0775
Ranked 70th.

Net intake rate in grade 1 > % of official school-age population 70.36%
Ranked 38th.
94.87%
Ranked 4th. 35% more than Australia

Unemployment with primary education, female > % of female unemployment 46.3%
Ranked 9th. 3 times more than South Korea
14.7%
Ranked 66th.

Progression to secondary school > Male 99.92%
Ranked 10th. 1% more than South Korea
99.11%
Ranked 10th.

School enrollment, primary, male > % gross 104.58%
Ranked 73th. About the same as South Korea
104.37%
Ranked 76th.

School enrollment > Tertiary > Female > % gross 79.85% gross
Ranked 13th. 16% more than South Korea
68.6% gross
Ranked 4th.

Primary education > Pupils > Per capita 0.096 per capita
Ranked 100th. 13% more than South Korea
0.085 per capita
Ranked 87th.

Net intake rate in grade 1 > Male > % of official school-age population 67.96%
Ranked 44th.
93.59%
Ranked 4th. 38% more than Australia

Persistence to grade 5 > Female > % of cohort 99.46%
Ranked 10th. 1% more than South Korea
98.26%
Ranked 6th.

Researchers in R&D > Per million people 4,293.93
Ranked 11th.
5,481.49
Ranked 3rd. 28% more than Australia

School enrollment, tertiary, male > % gross 70.41%
Ranked 10th.
114.43%
Ranked 1st. 63% more than Australia

Secondary education, teachers, female 52,710
Ranked 17th.
135,274
Ranked 13th. 3 times more than Australia

School enrollment > Primary > Male > % net 95.53% net
Ranked 40th.
99.58% net
Ranked 2nd. 4% more than Australia

School enrollment, secondary, male > % net 85.16%
Ranked 37th.
96.07%
Ranked 5th. 13% more than Australia

Literacy and Attainment > Educational attainment: completed tertiary > Tertiary > Population 25+ years > % > Over 24 year olds 41.28%
Ranked 2nd. 17% more than South Korea
35.32%
Ranked 2nd.
School enrollment, secondary, female > % gross 129.25%
Ranked 2nd. 35% more than South Korea
95.99%
Ranked 51st.

Unemployment with secondary education, male > % of male unemployment 34.5%
Ranked 65th.
63.6%
Ranked 13th. 84% more than Australia

Public spending on education, total > % of GDP 5.59%
Ranked 43th. 11% more than South Korea
5.05%
Ranked 60th.

SOURCES: Lynn, R. and Vanhanen, T. (2002). IQ and the Wealth of Nations. Westport, CT: Praeger. ISBN 0-275-97510-X; UNESCO Institute for Statistics; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. 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Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: List of World Organization of the Scout Movement members (Table of World Organization of the Scout Movement members); UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; The Times, 2005; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Development Programme. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; World Bank national accounts data. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; OECD Country statistical profiles 2009; World Bank national accounts data; The Times, 2005. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; "WOSM MEMBERSHIP as at 31st December 2012". World Organization of the Scout Movement. August 2013.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Wikipedia: List of World Organization of the Scout Movement members (Table of World Organization of the Scout Movement members) ("WOSM MEMBERSHIP as at 31st December 2012" . World Organization of the Scout Movement . Retrieved 2014-03-03 .). Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; OECD Country statistical profiles 2009. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.; United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=UNESCO&f=series%3aEA_56_Ag25t99, Educational attainment: completed tertiary

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