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Labor Stats: compare key data on Bangladesh & Pakistan

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Definitions

  • Agricultural workers > Male: Proportion of employed males engaged in the agricultural sector. Employment by economic activity (%) (most recent year available between 1995 and 2001). Note: As a result of a number of limitations in the data, comparisons of labour statistics over time and across countries should be made with caution. For detailed notes on the data see ILO (2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; 2002. Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002. February 2002; and 2002. Laboursta Database. February 2002). The percentage shares of employment by economic activity may not sum to 100 because of rounding or the omission of activities not classified.
  • Employment rate > Adults: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Expense > Current LCU: Expense (current LCU). Expense is cash payments for operating activities of the government in providing goods and services. It includes compensation of employees (such as wages and salaries), interest and subsidies, grants, social benefits, and other expenses such as rent and dividends.
  • GNI > Current US$: GNI (current US$). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Hours worked > Standard workweek: Standard workweek (hours).
  • Labor force: The total labor force figure
  • Labor force > By occupation: Component parts of the labor force by occupation.
  • Labor force > By occupation > Agriculture: This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by occupation. The distribution will total less than 100 percent if the data are incomplete.
  • Labor force > By occupation > Industry: This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by occupation. The distribution will total less than 100 percent if the data are incomplete.
  • Labor force > By occupation > Services: This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by occupation. The distribution will total less than 100 percent if the data are incomplete.
  • Labor force, total: Labor force, total. Total labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector.
  • Rigidity of employment index: The rigidity of employment index measures the regulation of employment, specifically the hiring and firing of workers and the rigidity of working hours. This index is the average of three subindexes: a difficulty of hiring index, a rigidity of hours index, and a difficulty of firing index. The index ranges from 0 to 100, with higher values indicating more rigid regulations.
  • Salaries and benefits > Hourly minimum wage: Hourly minimum wage at international USD (this means that discrepancies in purchasing power have been compensated for).
  • Salaries and benefits > Minimum wage: Minimum wage.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Unemployment rate: The percent of the labor force that is without jobs. Substantial underemployment might be noted.
  • Labor force per 1000: The total labor force figure. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • GNI > Current US$ per capita: GNI (current US$). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Labor force, total per 1000: Labor force, total. Total labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Both sexes: Percentage of unemployed people out of total population able to work. Workers not able to work due to labor disputes, sickness and childcare do not count towards the percentage. 
  • Firing cost > Weeks of wages: Firing cost is the cost of advance notice requirements, severance payments, and penalties due when terminating a redundant worker, expressed in weekly wages. One month is recorded as 4 1/3 weeks.
  • Salaries and benefits > Workers earning less than $1 per day: Percentage of workers earning less than the equivalent of one USD per day.
  • GNI per capita > Constant LCU: GNI per capita (constant LCU). GNI per capita is gross national income divided by midyear population. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in constant local currency.
  • Expense > Current LCU per capita: Expense (current LCU). Expense is cash payments for operating activities of the government in providing goods and services. It includes compensation of employees (such as wages and salaries), interest and subsidies, grants, social benefits, and other expenses such as rent and dividends. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Employment rate > Women: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Labor force > Total: Total labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organisation definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector."
  • Industrial workers > Male: Proportion of employed males engaged in the industrial sector. Employment by economic activity (%) (most recent year available between 1995 and 2001). Note: As a result of a number of limitations in the data, comparisons of labour statistics over time and across countries should be made with caution. For detailed notes on the data see ILO (2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; 2002. Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002. February 2002; and 2002. Laboursta Database. February 2002). The percentage shares of employment by economic activity may not sum to 100 because of rounding or the omission of activities not classified.
  • Employment rate > Men: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men: Employment-to-population ratio, men, percentage.
  • Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Men: Percentage of unemployed men out of total male population able to work. Men not able to work due to labor disputes, sickness and childcare do not count towards the percentage.
  • Compensation of employees > Current LCU: Compensation of employees consists of all payments in cash, as well as in kind (such as food and housing), to employees in return for services rendered, and government contributions to social insurance schemes such as social security and pensions that provide benefits to employees.
  • Force > Total: Total labor force comprises people who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector.
  • Force > Total > Per capita: Total labor force comprises people who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Female decision makers: Female legislators, senior officials and managers (as % of total). Data refer to the latest year available during the period 1991-2000. Those for countries that have implemented the recent International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO-88) are not strictly comparable with those for countries using the previous classification (ISCO-68).
  • Agricultural workers > Female: Proportion of employed females engaged in the agricultural sector. Employment by economic activity (%) (most recent year available between 1995 and 2001). Note: As a result of a number of limitations in the data, comparisons of labour statistics over time and across countries should be made with caution. For detailed notes on the data see ILO (2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; 2002. Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002. February 2002; and 2002. Laboursta Database. February 2002). The percentage shares of employment by economic activity may not sum to 100 because of rounding or the omission of activities not classified.
  • Employment > Percent of population are employees > Women: Number of female self-reported employees (formal or informal), expressed as a percentage of the total female employed population.
  • Employment > Employment share by sector > Industry > Men > Aged above 14: Percent employed in industry.
  • Unemployment > Youth unemployment, both sexes: Percentage of population aged 15-24 that is unemployed. 
  • GNI > Current LCU: GNI (current LCU). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current local currency.
  • Female economic activity: Female economic activity rate (aged 15 and above) in 2000.
  • Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Women: Percentage of unemployed women out of total female population able to work. Women not able to work due to labor disputes, sickness and childcare do not count towards the percentage.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women: Employment-to-population ratio, women, percentage.
  • Self employed > One-person and family businesses > Women: Proportion of own-account and contributing family workers in total employment, women, percentage.
  • Labor force > Per capita: The total labor force figure Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Industrial workers > Female: Proportion of employed females engaged in the industrial sector. Employment by economic activity (%) (most recent year available between 1995 and 2001). Note: As a result of a number of limitations in the data, comparisons of labour statistics over time and across countries should be made with caution. For detailed notes on the data see ILO (2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; 2002. Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002. February 2002; and 2002. Laboursta Database. February 2002). The percentage shares of employment by economic activity may not sum to 100 because of rounding or the omission of activities not classified.
  • Employment rate > Young adults: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Female professionals: Female professional and technical workers (as % of total)
  • Net income from abroad > Current US$: Net income from abroad (current US$). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ per capita: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Rigidity of employment index > 0=less rigid to 100=more rigid: The rigidity of employment index measures the regulation of employment, specifically the hiring and firing of workers and the rigidity of working hours. This index is the average of three subindexes: a difficulty of hiring index, a rigidity of hours index, and a difficulty of firing index. The index ranges from 0 to 100, with higher values indicating more rigid regulations."
  • Employment > Employment share by sector > Agriculture > Men > Aged above 14: Percent employed in agriculture.
  • Employment > Percent of population are employees > Men: Number of male self-reported employees (formal or informal), expressed as a percentage of the total male employed population.
  • Service workers > Male: Proportion of employed males engaged in the service sector. Employment by economic activity (%) (most recent year available between 1995 and 2001). Note: As a result of a number of limitations in the data, comparisons of labour statistics over time and across countries should be made with caution. For detailed notes on the data see ILO (2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; 2002. Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002. February 2002; and 2002. Laboursta Database. February 2002). The percentage shares of employment by economic activity may not sum to 100 because of rounding or the omission of activities not classified.
  • Female economic activity growth: The % change in the female economic activity rate (aged 15 and above) from 1990 to 2000.
  • Self employed > One-person and family businesses > Men: Proportion of own-account and contributing family workers in total employment, men, percentage.
  • Employment rate > Young women: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Employment rate > Young men: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ > Per capita: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 65 plus: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • CPIA transparency, accountability, and corruption in the public sector rating > 1=low to 6=high: CPIA transparency, accountability, and corruption in the public sector rating (1=low to 6=high). Transparency, accountability, and corruption in the public sector assess the extent to which the executive can be held accountable for its use of funds and for the results of its actions by the electorate and by the legislature and judiciary, and the extent to which public employees within the executive are required to account for administrative decisions, use of resources, and results obtained. The three main dimensions assessed here are the accountability of the executive to oversight institutions and of public employees for their performance, access of civil society to information on public affairs, and state capture by narrow vested interests.
  • GDP per person employed > Constant 1990 PPP $: GDP per person employed is gross domestic product (GDP) divided by total employment in the economy. Purchasing power parity (PPP) GDP is GDP converted to 1990 constant international dollars using PPP rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GDP that a U.S. dollar has in the United States.
  • GNI per capita > Constant 2000 US$: GNI per capita (constant 2000 US$). GNI per capita is gross national income divided by midyear population. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars.
  • GNI > Constant LCU per capita: GNI (constant LCU). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in constant local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • GNI > Constant LCU: GNI (constant LCU). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in constant local currency.
  • Service workers > Female: Proportion of employed females engaged in the service sector. Employment by economic activity (%) (most recent year available between 1995 and 2001). Note: As a result of a number of limitations in the data, comparisons of labour statistics over time and across countries should be made with caution. For detailed notes on the data see ILO (2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; 2002. Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002. February 2002; and 2002. Laboursta Database. February 2002). The percentage shares of employment by economic activity may not sum to 100 because of rounding or the omission of activities not classified.
  • Employment > Employment share by sector > Agriculture > Women > Aged above 14: Percent employed in agriculture.
  • Employment > Percent of population are employers > Women: Number of female self-reported employers (self-employed with paid employees), expressed as a percentage of the total female employed population.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men aged above 14: Employment-to-population ratio.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women aged above 14: Employment-to-population ratio.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women aged 15 to 24: Employment-to-population ratio.
  • Unemployment > Youth unemployment, male: Percentage of male population aged 15-24 that is unemployed. 
  • CPIA transparency, accountability, and corruption in the public sector rating > 1=low to 6=high per million: CPIA transparency, accountability, and corruption in the public sector rating (1=low to 6=high). Transparency, accountability, and corruption in the public sector assess the extent to which the executive can be held accountable for its use of funds and for the results of its actions by the electorate and by the legislature and judiciary, and the extent to which public employees within the executive are required to account for administrative decisions, use of resources, and results obtained. The three main dimensions assessed here are the accountability of the executive to oversight institutions and of public employees for their performance, access of civil society to information on public affairs, and state capture by narrow vested interests. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 45-49: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 10-14: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ > Per $ GDP: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration.
  • Employment > Percent of population are employers > Men: Number of male self-reported employers (self-employed with paid employees), expressed as a percentage of the total male employed population.
  • Employment > Employment share by sector > Industry > Women > Aged above 14: Percent employed in industry.
  • Employment > Employment share by sector > Services > Men > Aged above 14: Percent employed in services.
  • Technicians in RandD > Per million people: Technicians in R&D and equivalent staff are people whose main tasks require technical knowledge and experience in engineering, physical and life sciences (technicians), or social sciences and humanities (equivalent staff). They participate in R&D by performing scientific and technical tasks involving the application of concepts and operational methods, normally under the supervision of researchers.
  • Economic activity > Men aged 15-19: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Men aged 35-39: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 15-19: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 40-44: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Men aged 20-24: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Net income from abroad > Constant LCU per million: Net income from abroad (constant LCU). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in constant local currency. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men aged 15 to 24: Employment-to-population ratio.
  • GNI growth > Annual %: GNI growth (annual %). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad.
  • Economic activity > Men aged 65 plus: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Unemployment > Male > % of male labor force: Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment > Youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Economic activity > Men aged 25-29: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Unemployment with tertiary education > Female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > Male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 20-24: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 25-29: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 30-34: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Employment in industry > % of total employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Industry corresponds to divisions 2-5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C-F (ISIC revision 3) and includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, and public utilities (electricity, gas, and water)."
  • Personal remittances, received > % of GDP: Personal remittances, received (% of GDP). Personal remittances comprise personal transfers and compensation of employees. Personal transfers consist of all current transfers in cash or in kind made or received by resident households to or from nonresident households. Personal transfers thus include all current transfers between resident and nonresident individuals. Compensation of employees refers to the income of border, seasonal, and other short-term workers who are employed in an economy where they are not resident and of residents employed by nonresident entities. Data are the sum of two items defined in the sixth edition of the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual: personal transfers and compensation of employees.
  • Net income from abroad > Current LCU: Net income from abroad (current LCU). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current local currency.
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ > Per capita: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Net income from abroad > Current LCU per million: Net income from abroad (current LCU). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current local currency. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Labor force > Female > % of total labor force: Female labor force as a percentage of the total show the extent to which women are active in the labor force. Labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organisation's definition of the economically active population.
  • Share of women employed in the nonagricultural sector > % of total nonagricultural employment: Share of women employed in the nonagricultural sector is the share of female workers in the nonagricultural sector (industry and services), expressed as a percentage of total employment in the nonagricultural sector. Industry includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, electricity, gas, and water, corresponding to divisions 2-5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C-F (ISIC revision 3). Services include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal services-corresponding to divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G-P (ISIC revision 3)."
  • Regulations > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint: Labor regulations are the share of senior managers who ranked labor regulations as a major or severe constraint.
  • One-person businesses > Men > Aged above 14: Percentage of employed men older than 14 years who are self-employed without employees.
  • One-person and family businesses > Men: Percentage of employed men who are self-employed without employees or contribute to a family-run business.
  • Employment > Employment share by sector > Services > Women > Aged above 14: Percent employed in services.
  • Unemployment > Youth unemployment, female: Percentage of female population aged 15-24 that is unemployed.
  • GNI > Current LCU per capita: GNI (current LCU). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Economic activity > Men aged 40-44: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ > Per $ GDP: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1,000 $ gross domestic product.
  • Economic activity > Men aged 10-14: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Men aged 45-49: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Men aged 55-59: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Men aged 60-64: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 25-29: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Workers' remittances > Receipts > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita: Workers' remittances are current transfers by migrants who are employed or intend to remain employed for more than a year in another economy in which they are considered residents. Some developing countries classify workers' remittances as a factor income receipt (and thus as a component of GNI). The World Bank adheres to international guidelines in defining GNI, and its classification of workers' remittances may therefore differ from national practices. This item shows receipts by the reporting country. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Workers' remittances > Receipts > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP: Workers' remittances are current transfers by migrants who are employed or intend to remain employed for more than a year in another economy in which they are considered residents. Some developing countries classify workers' remittances as a factor income receipt (and thus as a component of GNI). The World Bank adheres to international guidelines in defining GNI, and its classification of workers' remittances may therefore differ from national practices. This item shows receipts by the reporting country. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Per $ GDP figures expressed per 1 million $ gross domestic product.
  • Employees, agriculture, female > % of female employment: Employees, agriculture, female (% of female employment). Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Agriculture corresponds to division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and includes hunting, forestry, and fishing.
  • Economically active children, female > % of female children ages 7-14: Economically active children, female (% of female children ages 7-14). Children in employment refer to children involved in economic activity for at least one hour in the reference week of the survey.
  • Economically active children, male > % of male children ages 7-14: Economically active children, male (% of male children ages 7-14). Children in employment refer to children involved in economic activity for at least one hour in the reference week of the survey.
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 55-59: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ per capita: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Economic activity > Women aged 45-49: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Child employment in agriculture, female > % of female economically active children ages 7-14: Child employment in agriculture, female (% of female economically active children ages 7-14). Employment by economic activity refers to the distribution of economically active children by the major industrial categories (ISIC revision 2 or revision 3). Agriculture corresponds to division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or categories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and includes agriculture and hunting, forestry and logging, and fishing. Economically active children refer to children involved in economic activity for at least one hour in the reference week of the survey.
  • Employees, agriculture, male > % of male employment: Employees, agriculture, male (% of male employment). Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Agriculture corresponds to division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and includes hunting, forestry, and fishing.
  • Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, total > %: Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, total (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Employment to population ratio, 15+, total > %: Employment to population ratio, 15+, total (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Vulnerable employment, female > % of female employment: Vulnerable employment, female (% of female employment). Vulnerable employment is unpaid family workers and own-account workers as a percentage of total employment.
  • Vulnerable employment, male > % of male employment: Vulnerable employment, male (% of male employment). Vulnerable employment is unpaid family workers and own-account workers as a percentage of total employment.
  • Wage and salaried workers, female > % of females employed: Wage and salaried workers, female (% of females employed). Wage and salaried workers (employees) are those workers who hold the type of jobs defined as "paid employment jobs," where the incumbents hold explicit (written or oral) or implicit employment contracts that give them a basic remuneration that is not directly dependent upon the revenue of the unit for which they work.
  • Wage and salary workers, male > % of males employed: Wage and salary workers, male (% of males employed). Wage and salaried workers (employees) are those workers who hold the type of jobs defined as "paid employment jobs," where the incumbents hold explicit (written or oral) or implicit employment contracts that give them a basic remuneration that is not directly dependent upon the revenue of the unit for which they work.
  • Contributing family workers, female > % of females employed: Contributing family workers, female (% of females employed). Contributing family workers are those workers who hold u2018self-employment jobsu2019 as own-account workers in a market-oriented establishment operated by a related person living in the same household.
  • Contributing family workers, male > % of males employed: Contributing family workers, male (% of males employed). Contributing family workers are those workers who hold "self-employment jobs" as own-account workers in a market-oriented establishment operated by a related person living in the same household.
  • Contributing family workers, total > % of total employed: Contributing family workers, total (% of total employed). Contributing family workers are those workers who hold "self-employment jobs" as own-account workers in a market-oriented establishment operated by a related person living in the same household.
  • Employees, services, female > % of female employment: Employees, services, female (% of female employment). Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Services correspond to divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G-P (ISIC revision 3) and include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal services.
  • Employees, services, male > % of male employment: Employees, services, male (% of male employment). Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Services correspond to divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G-P (ISIC revision 3) and include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal services.
  • Unemployment, male > % of male labor force: Unemployment, male (% of male labor force). Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment, total > % of total labor force: Unemployment, total (% of total labor force). Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Force > Total per 1000: Total labor force comprises people who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Employees > Services > Female > % of female employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Services correspond to divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G-P (ISIC revision 3) and include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal services."
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with primary education > Male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with secondary education > Female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with primary education > Female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > Female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
  • Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Workers' remittances > Receipts > BoP > Current US$ per capita: Workers' remittances are current transfers by migrants who are employed or intend to remain employed for more than a year in another economy in which they are considered residents. Some developing countries classify workers' remittances as a factor income receipt (and thus as a component of GNI). The World Bank adheres to international guidelines in defining GNI, and its classification of workers' remittances may therefore differ from national practices. This item shows receipts by the reporting country. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Skills > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint: Skills are the share of senior managers who ranked skills of available workers as a major or severe constraint.
  • Net income from abroad > Current US$, % of GDP: Net income from abroad (current US$). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • GNI per capita > Current LCU: GNI per capita (current LCU). GNI per capita is gross national income divided by midyear population. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current local currency.
  • Net income from abroad > Constant LCU: Net income from abroad (constant LCU). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in constant local currency.
  • Unemployment, youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24: Unemployment, youth female (% of female labor force ages 15-24). Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment, female > % of female labor force: Unemployment, female (% of female labor force). Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 35-39: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 60-64: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 35-39: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Compensation of employees > % of expense: Compensation of employees consists of all payments in cash, as well as in kind (such as food and housing), to employees in return for services rendered, and government contributions to social insurance schemes such as social security and pensions that provide benefits to employees.
  • Unemployment > Youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Force > Female > % of total labor force: Female labor force as a percentage of the total show the extent to which women are active in the labor force. Labor force comprises all people who meet the International Labour Organization's definition of the economically active population.
  • Employees > Industry > Female > % of female employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Industry corresponds to divisions 2-5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C-F (ISIC revision 3) and includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, and public utilities (electricity, gas, and water)."
  • Unemployment with tertiary education > % of total unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Economic activity > Women aged 20-24: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 65 plus: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Unemployment with tertiary education > Male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 60-64: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Net income from abroad > Current US$ per million: Net income from abroad (current US$). Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Child employment in agriculture, male > % of male economically active children ages 7-14: Child employment in agriculture, male (% of male economically active children ages 7-14). Employment by economic activity refers to the distribution of economically active children by the major industrial categories (ISIC revision 2 or revision 3). Agriculture corresponds to division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or categories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and includes agriculture and hunting, forestry and logging, and fishing. Economically active children refer to children involved in economic activity for at least one hour in the reference week of the survey.
  • Self-employed, male > % of males employed: Self-employed, male (% of males employed). Self employed workers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners or in cooperative, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs" (i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced). Self employed workers include three subcategories: employers, own-account workers, and members of producers' cooperatives.
  • Unemployment > Female > % of female labor force: Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment with secondary education > Female > % of female unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Force participation rate > Female > % of female population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-64 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Unemployment > Youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 40-44: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 50-54: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 55-59: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Labor force > Note: This entry contains the total labor force figure.
  • Unemployment with secondary education > Male > % of male unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organization (UNESCO).
  • Children in employment, wage workers > % of children in employment, ages 7-14: Children in employment, wage workers (% of children in employment, ages 7-14). Wage workers (also known as employees) are people who hold explicit (written or oral) or implicit employment contracts that provide basic remuneration that does not depend directly on the revenue of the unit for which they work.
  • Employers, male > % of employment: Employers, male (% of employment). Employers refers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs" i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced), and, in this capacity, have engaged, on a continuous basis, one or more persons to work for them as employee(s).
  • One-person and family businesses > Women: Percentage of employed women who are self-employed without employees or contribute to a family-run business.
  • Workers' remittances > Receipts > BoP > Current US$: Workers' remittances are current transfers by migrants who are employed or intend to remain employed for more than a year in another economy in which they are considered residents. Some developing countries classify workers' remittances as a factor income receipt (and thus as a component of GNI). The World Bank adheres to international guidelines in defining GNI, and its classification of workers' remittances may therefore differ from national practices. This item shows receipts by the reporting country. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$: Workers' remittances and compensation of employees comprise current transfers by migrant workers and wages and salaries earned by nonresident workers. WorkersÂ’ remittances are classified as current private transfers from migrant workers who are residents of the host country to recipients in their country of origin. They include only transfers made by workers who have been living in the host country for more than a year, irrespective of their immigration status. Compensation of employees is the income of migrants who have lived in the host country for less than a year. MigrantsÂ’ transfers are defined as the net worth of migrants who are expected to remain in the host country for more than one year that is transferred from one country to another at the time of migration.
  • Unemployment > Unemployment > Total > % of total labor force: Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Money transfers home > Remittance recipients: Sum total remittance received by countries.
  • Economic activity > Men aged 30-34: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 10-14: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Women aged 15-19: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Unemployment > Unemployed youths per unemployed adult > Women > Aged 15 to 24: Ratio of youth unemployment rate to adult unemployment rate.
  • Unemployment > Unemployed youths per unemployed adult > Men > Aged 15 to 24: Ratio of youth unemployment rate to adult unemployment rate.
  • GNI > Current US$, % of GDP: GNI (current US$). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed as a proportion of GDP for the same year
  • Expense > % of GDP: Expense (% of GDP). Expense is cash payments for operating activities of the government in providing goods and services. It includes compensation of employees (such as wages and salaries), interest and subsidies, grants, social benefits, and other expenses such as rent and dividends.
  • Subsidies and other transfers > % of expense: Subsidies and other transfers (% of expense). Subsidies, grants, and other social benefits include all unrequited, nonrepayable transfers on current account to private and public enterprises; grants to foreign governments, international organizations, and other government units; and social security, social assistance benefits, and employer social benefits in cash and in kind.
  • Economic activity > Both sexes aged 50-54: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Economic activity > Men aged 50-54: Economically active population ("usually active" or "currently active" (currently active is also known as "the labour force")) comprises all persons of either sex above a specified age who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods
  • Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, male > %: Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, male (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.
  • Employment to population ratio, 15+, female > %: Employment to population ratio, 15+, female (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • One-person and family businesses > Men > Percentage: Proportion of own-account and contributing family workers in total employment, men, percentage.
  • CPIA building human resources rating: Building human resources assesses the national policies and public and private sector service delivery that affect the access to and quality of health and education services, including prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria.
  • Force participation rate > Total > % of total population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-64 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Employers, female > % of employment: Employers, female (% of employment). Employers refers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs" i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced), and, in this capacity, have engaged, on a continuous basis, one or more persons to work for them as employee(s).
  • Employers, total > % of employment: Employers, total (% of employment). Employers refers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs" i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced), and, in this capacity, have engaged, on a continuous basis, one or more persons to work for them as employee(s).
  • Self-employed, female > % of females employed: Self-employed, female (% of females employed). Self employed workers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners or in cooperative, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs" (i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced). Self employed workers include three subcategories: employers, own-account workers, and members of producers' cooperatives.
  • Unemployment > Total > % of total labor force: Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Self-employed, total > % of total employed: Self-employed, total (% of total employed). Self employed workers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners or in cooperative, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs" (i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced). Self employed workers include three subcategories: employers, own-account workers, and members of producers' cooperatives.
  • Employment to population ratio, 15+, male > %: Employment to population ratio, 15+, male (%). Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Vulnerable employment, total > % of total employment: Vulnerable employment, total (% of total employment). Vulnerable employment is unpaid family workers and own-account workers as a percentage of total employment.
  • Force participation rate > Male > % of male population ages 15-64: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-64 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Wage and salaried workers, total > % of total employed: Wage and salaried workers, total (% of total employed). Wage and salaried workers (employees) are those workers who hold the type of jobs defined as "paid employment jobs," where the incumbents hold explicit (written or oral) or implicit employment contracts that give them a basic remuneration that is not directly dependent upon the revenue of the unit for which they work.
  • Children in employment, unpaid family workers > % of children in employment, ages 7-14: Children in employment, unpaid family workers (% of children in employment, ages 7-14). Unpaid family workers are people who work without pay in a market-oriented establishment operated by a related person living in the same household.
  • Employees, industry, female > % of female employment: Employees, industry, female (% of female employment). Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Industry corresponds to divisions 2-5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C-F (ISIC revision 3) and includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, and public utilities (electricity, gas, and water).
  • Employees, industry, male > % of male employment: Employees, industry, male (% of male employment). Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Industry corresponds to divisions 2-5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C-F (ISIC revision 3) and includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, and public utilities (electricity, gas, and water).
  • Child employment in manufacturing, female > % of female economically active children ages 7-14: Child employment in manufacturing, female (% of female economically active children ages 7-14). Employment by economic activity refers to the distribution of economically active children by the major industrial categories (ISIC revision 2 or revision 3). Manufacturing corresponds to division 3 (ISIC revision 2) or category D (ISIC revision 3). Economically active children refer to children involved in economic activity for at least one hour in the reference week of the survey.
  • Child employment in services, female > % of female economically active children ages 7-14: Child employment in services, female (% of female economically active children ages 7-14). Employment by economic activity refers to the distribution of economically active children by the major industrial categories (ISIC revision 2 or revision 3). Services correspond to divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or categories G-P (ISIC revision 3) and include wholesale and retail trade, hotels and restaurants, transport, financial intermediation, real estate, public administration, education, health and social work, other community services, and private household activity. Economically active children refer to children involved in economic activity for at least one hour in the reference week of the survey.
  • Child employment in services, male > % of male economically active children ages 7-14: Child employment in services, male (% of male economically active children ages 7-14). Employment by economic activity refers to the distribution of economically active children by the major industrial categories (ISIC revision 2 or revision 3). Services correspond to divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or categories G-P (ISIC revision 3) and include wholesale and retail trade, hotels and restaurants, transport, financial intermediation, real estate, public administration, education, health and social work, other community services, and private household activity. Economically active children refer to children involved in economic activity for at least one hour in the reference week of the survey.
  • Economically active children, work only > % of economically active children, ages 7-14: Economically active children, work only (% of economically active children, ages 7-14). Children in employment refer to children involved in economic activity for at least one hour in the reference week of the survey.
  • Economically active children, total > % of children ages 7-14: Economically active children, total (% of children ages 7-14). Children in employment refer to children involved in economic activity for at least one hour in the reference week of the survey. Study and work refer to children attending school in combination with economic activity.
  • Unemployment, youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24: Unemployment, youth male (% of male labor force ages 15-24). Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Unemployment, youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24: Unemployment, youth total (% of total labor force ages 15-24). Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
  • Employees > Agriculture > Male > % of male employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Agriculture corresponds to division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and includes hunting, forestry, and fishing."
  • Employees > Agriculture > Female > % of female employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Agriculture corresponds to division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and includes hunting, forestry, and fishing."
  • Employment in agriculture > % of total employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Agriculture corresponds to division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and includes hunting, forestry, and fishing."
  • Employment in services > % of total employment: Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Services correspond to divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G-P (ISIC revision 3) and include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal services."
  • Labor participation rate > Total > % of total population ages 15+: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
  • Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > % of total unemployment: Unemployment by level of educational attainment shows the unemployed by level of educational attainment, as a percentage of the unemployed. The levels of educational attainment accord with the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 of the United Nations Educational, Cultural, and Scientific Organisation (UNESCO)."
STAT Bangladesh Pakistan HISTORY
Agricultural workers > Male 54%
Ranked 2nd. 32% more than Pakistan
41%
Ranked 8th.
Employment rate > Adults 67.9
Ranked 30th. 32% more than Pakistan
51.5
Ranked 124th.

Expense > Current LCU 901.49 billion
Ranked 32nd.
3.77 trillion
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than Bangladesh

GNI > Current US$ $127.67 billion
Ranked 52nd.
$236.75 billion
Ranked 41st. 85% more than Bangladesh

Hours worked > Standard workweek 48 hours
Ranked 44th. The same as Pakistan
48 hours
Ranked 22nd.
Labor force 73.87 million
Ranked 8th. 32% more than Pakistan
55.77 million
Ranked 10th.

Labor force > By occupation agriculture 63%, services 26%, industry 11% (FY 95/96) agriculture 42%, industry 20%, services 38%
Labor force > By occupation > Agriculture 45%
Ranked 3rd. 5% more than Pakistan
43%
Ranked 9th.

Labor force > By occupation > Industry 30%
Ranked 5th. 48% more than Pakistan
20.3%
Ranked 30th.

Labor force > By occupation > Services 25%
Ranked 22nd.
36.6%
Ranked 39th. 46% more than Bangladesh

Labor force, total 76.04 million
Ranked 8th. 19% more than Pakistan
63.78 million
Ranked 10th.

Rigidity of employment index 30
Ranked 109th.
43
Ranked 66th. 43% more than Bangladesh

Salaries and benefits > Hourly minimum wage $0.19
Ranked 144th.
$1.23
Ranked 87th. 6 times more than Bangladesh
Salaries and benefits > Minimum wage 1,500 taka ($19) per month for all economic sectors not covered by industry-specific wages; in the garment industry the minimum wage is 5,300 taka ($68) per month. The minimum wage is set nationally every five years by the National Minimum Wage Board in a tripartite forum industry by industry. 10,000 Pakistani rupees per month.
Unemployment rate 4.8%
Ranked 77th.
15%
Ranked 8th. 3 times more than Bangladesh

Labor force per 1000 488.8
Ranked 39th. 52% more than Pakistan
322.09
Ranked 104th.

GNI > Current US$ per capita $825.31
Ranked 150th.
$1,321.44
Ranked 138th. 60% more than Bangladesh

Labor force, total per 1000 491.54
Ranked 61st. 38% more than Pakistan
355.98
Ranked 158th.

Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Both sexes 56%
Ranked 51st. 31% more than Pakistan
42.8%
Ranked 78th.

Firing cost > Weeks of wages 51 weeks of wages
Ranked 65th.
90 weeks of wages
Ranked 27th. 76% more than Bangladesh

Salaries and benefits > Workers earning less than $1 per day 50.1%
Ranked 6th. 3 times more than Pakistan
19.2%
Ranked 7th.

GNI per capita > Constant LCU 28,789.09
Ranked 61st.
57,340.64
Ranked 44th. Twice as much as Bangladesh

Expense > Current LCU per capita 5,897.39
Ranked 80th.
21,034.6
Ranked 4th. 4 times more than Bangladesh

Employment rate > Women 53.9
Ranked 44th. 3 times more than Pakistan
19.8
Ranked 160th.

Labor force > Total 76.77 million
Ranked 7th. 37% more than Pakistan
55.84 million
Ranked 10th.

Industrial workers > Male 11%
Ranked 78th.
20%
Ranked 72nd. 82% more than Bangladesh
Employment rate > Men 81.6
Ranked 20th. About the same as Pakistan
81.3
Ranked 21st.

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men 83.9%
Ranked 3rd. 25% more than Pakistan
67%
Ranked 45th.

Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Men 83.9%
Ranked 3rd. 25% more than Pakistan
67%
Ranked 45th.

Compensation of employees > Current LCU 74313640000 42191000000
Force > Total 63.87 million
Ranked 8th. 13% more than Pakistan
56.53 million
Ranked 9th.

Force > Total > Per capita 0.45 per capita
Ranked 87th. 24% more than Pakistan
0.363 per capita
Ranked 163th.

Female decision makers 5%
Ranked 66th.
9%
Ranked 62nd. 80% more than Bangladesh
Agricultural workers > Female 78%
Ranked 2nd. 18% more than Pakistan
66%
Ranked 4th.
Employment > Percent of population are employees > Women 13.3%
Ranked 83th.
31.2%
Ranked 64th. 2 times more than Bangladesh

Employment > Employment share by sector > Industry > Men > Aged above 14 12.3%
Ranked 88th.
21.4%
Ranked 61st. 74% more than Bangladesh

Unemployment > Youth unemployment, both sexes 9.3%
Ranked 68th. 21% more than Pakistan
7.7%
Ranked 80th.

GNI > Current LCU 10.07 trillion
Ranked 37th.
21.13 trillion
Ranked 26th. 2 times more than Bangladesh

Female economic activity 66.3%
Ranked 30th. 88% more than Pakistan
35.3%
Ranked 139th.
Labor force participation > Employment to population ratio > Women 27.1%
Ranked 86th. 55% more than Pakistan
17.5%
Ranked 86th.

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women 27.1%
Ranked 86th. 55% more than Pakistan
17.5%
Ranked 86th.

Self employed > One-person and family businesses > Women 86.5%
Ranked 7th. 11% more than Pakistan
77.8%
Ranked 2nd.

Labor force > Per capita 461.29 per 1,000 people
Ranked 69th. 58% more than Pakistan
292.76 per 1,000 people
Ranked 156th.

Industrial workers > Female 8%
Ranked 77th.
10%
Ranked 62nd. 25% more than Bangladesh
Employment rate > Young adults 56
Ranked 29th. 28% more than Pakistan
43.7
Ranked 70th.

Female professionals 35%
Ranked 64th. 35% more than Pakistan
26%
Ranked 67th.
Net income from abroad > Current US$ $11.32 billion
Ranked 8th.
$11.61 billion
Ranked 7th. 3% more than Bangladesh

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ per capita 0.0419$
Ranked 144th. 2 times more than Pakistan
0.019$
Ranked 145th.

Rigidity of employment index > 0=less rigid to 100=more rigid 28
Ranked 77th.
43
Ranked 34th. 54% more than Bangladesh

Employment > Employment share by sector > Agriculture > Men > Aged above 14 49.8%
Ranked 6th. 31% more than Pakistan
38.1%
Ranked 11th.

Employment > Percent of population are employees > Men 13.8%
Ranked 85th.
39.2%
Ranked 63th. 3 times more than Bangladesh

Service workers > Male 34%
Ranked 75th.
39%
Ranked 68th. 15% more than Bangladesh
Female economic activity growth 1%
Ranked 102nd.
24%
Ranked 8th. 24 times more than Bangladesh
Self employed > One-person and family businesses > Men 84.5%
Ranked 2nd. 42% more than Pakistan
59.3%
Ranked 3rd.

Employment rate > Young women 46.5
Ranked 39th. 3 times more than Pakistan
16.6
Ranked 151st.

Employment rate > Young men 65.1
Ranked 22nd.
69.2
Ranked 15th. 6% more than Bangladesh

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ > Per capita 42.31$ per 1,000 people
Ranked 146th. 2 times more than Pakistan
19.26$ per 1,000 people
Ranked 147th.

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 65 plus 46.59%
Ranked 32nd. 55% more than Pakistan
30.06%
Ranked 70th.
CPIA transparency, accountability, and corruption in the public sector rating > 1=low to 6=high 2.5
Ranked 63th. The same as Pakistan
2.5
Ranked 51st.

GDP per person employed > Constant 1990 PPP $ $3,722.00
Ranked 99th.
$8,950.00
Ranked 82nd. 2 times more than Bangladesh

GNI per capita > Constant 2000 US$ $651.23
Ranked 91st.
$811.15
Ranked 87th. 25% more than Bangladesh

GNI > Constant LCU per capita 28,789.09
Ranked 61st.
57,340.64
Ranked 44th. Twice as much as Bangladesh

GNI > Constant LCU 4.45 trillion
Ranked 24th.
10.27 trillion
Ranked 17th. 2 times more than Bangladesh

Service workers > Female 11%
Ranked 79th.
23%
Ranked 76th. 2 times more than Bangladesh
Employment > Employment share by sector > Agriculture > Women > Aged above 14 58.6%
Ranked 5th.
67.3%
Ranked 2nd. 15% more than Bangladesh

Employment > Percent of population are employers > Women 0.2%
Ranked 78th. Twice as much as Pakistan
0.1%
Ranked 60th.

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men aged above 14 82.6%
Ranked 19th. 5% more than Pakistan
79%
Ranked 38th.

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women aged above 14 50%
Ranked 74th. 66% more than Pakistan
30.2%
Ranked 157th.

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, women aged 15 to 24 47.5%
Ranked 38th. 2 times more than Pakistan
20.7%
Ranked 145th.

Unemployment > Youth unemployment, male 8%
Ranked 72nd. 14% more than Pakistan
7%
Ranked 82nd.

CPIA transparency, accountability, and corruption in the public sector rating > 1=low to 6=high per million 0.0162
Ranked 78th. 16% more than Pakistan
0.014
Ranked 79th.

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 45-49 86.78%
Ranked 53th. 21% more than Pakistan
71.95%
Ranked 123th.
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 10-14 27.74%
Ranked 23th. 80% more than Pakistan
15.39%
Ranked 47th.
Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ > Per $ GDP 0.1$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 138th. 4 times more than Pakistan
0.027$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 141st.

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Paid > US$ 6 million$
Ranked 130th. Twice as much as Pakistan
3 million$
Ranked 133th.

Employment > Percent of population are employers > Men 0.4%
Ranked 78th.
1%
Ranked 59th. 3 times more than Bangladesh

Employment > Employment share by sector > Industry > Women > Aged above 14 18.4%
Ranked 26th. 23% more than Pakistan
15%
Ranked 32nd.

Employment > Employment share by sector > Services > Men > Aged above 14 37.9%
Ranked 79th.
40.5%
Ranked 61st. 7% more than Bangladesh

Technicians in RandD > Per million people 31.84 per million people
Ranked 8th. 2 times more than Pakistan
13.19 per million people
Ranked 37th.

Labor force > A note extensive export of <a href=/cat/Labor>labor</a> to <a href=/country/sa>Saudi Arabia</a>, <a href=/country/ku>Kuwait</a>, <a href=/kp/UAE>UAE</a>, <a href=/country/mu>Oman</a>, <a href=/country/qa>Qatar</a>, and <a href=/country/my>Malaysia</a>; workers' remittances estimated at $1.71 billion in 1998-99 (1998) extensive export of <a href=/cat/Labor>labor</a>, mostly to the <a href=/kp/Middle+East>Middle East</a>, and use of child <a href=/cat/Labor>labor</a> (2000)
Economic activity > Men aged 15-19 64.9%
Ranked 22nd. 18% more than Pakistan
54.95%
Ranked 54th.
Economic activity > Men aged 35-39 98.84%
Ranked 7th. 1% more than Pakistan
97.74%
Ranked 68th.
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 15-19 59.33%
Ranked 22nd. 46% more than Pakistan
40.65%
Ranked 73th.
Economic activity > Women aged 40-44 75.45%
Ranked 70th. 65% more than Pakistan
45.82%
Ranked 135th.
Economic activity > Men aged 20-24 82.11%
Ranked 101st.
85.84%
Ranked 61st. 5% more than Bangladesh
Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention > Ratifications > Date June 22, 1972 May 26, 1952
Net income from abroad > Constant LCU per million 2.57 billion
Ranked 7th. 19% more than Pakistan
2.16 billion
Ranked 10th.

Labor force participation rate > Employment-population ratio, men aged 15 to 24 66%
Ranked 18th. 1% more than Pakistan
65.5%
Ranked 19th.

GNI growth > Annual % 6.77%
Ranked 20th. 47% more than Pakistan
4.6%
Ranked 39th.

Economic activity > Men aged 65 plus 58.98%
Ranked 40th. 23% more than Pakistan
48.12%
Ranked 61st.
Unemployment > Male > % of male labor force 4.2%
Ranked 76th.
6.6%
Ranked 42nd. 57% more than Bangladesh

Unemployment > Youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24 7%
Ranked 65th.
11%
Ranked 53th. 57% more than Bangladesh

Economic activity > Men aged 25-29 94.93%
Ranked 97th.
95.2%
Ranked 90th. About the same as Bangladesh
Unemployment with tertiary education > Female > % of female unemployment 5.7%
Ranked 54th.
18.5%
Ranked 32nd. 3 times more than Bangladesh

Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > Male > % of male unemployment 19.4%
Ranked 23th.
29.7%
Ranked 10th. 53% more than Bangladesh

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 20-24 74.1%
Ranked 77th. 19% more than Pakistan
62.45%
Ranked 153th.
Economic activity > Both sexes aged 25-29 82.55%
Ranked 83th. 22% more than Pakistan
67.78%
Ranked 158th.
Economic activity > Women aged 30-34 76.32%
Ranked 67th. 94% more than Pakistan
39.41%
Ranked 155th.
Employment in industry > % of total employment 14.5%
Ranked 85th.
21%
Ranked 52nd. 45% more than Bangladesh

Personal remittances, received > % of GDP 12.11%
Ranked 18th. 95% more than Pakistan
6.22%
Ranked 34th.

Net income from abroad > Current LCU 893.02 billion
Ranked 5th.
1.04 trillion
Ranked 4th. 16% more than Bangladesh

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ > Per capita 29.97$ per capita
Ranked 96th. 9% more than Pakistan
27.48$ per capita
Ranked 100th.

Net income from abroad > Current LCU per million 5.77 billion
Ranked 11th.
5.78 billion
Ranked 10th. About the same as Bangladesh

Labor force > Female > % of total labor force 40.93%
Ranked 114th. 2 times more than Pakistan
19.16%
Ranked 170th.

Share of women employed in the nonagricultural sector > % of total nonagricultural employment 20.1%
Ranked 90th. 52% more than Pakistan
13.2%
Ranked 79th.

Regulations > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint 8.32%
Ranked 4th.
15.03%
Ranked 2nd. 81% more than Bangladesh
One-person businesses > Men > Aged above 14 50.6%
Ranked 3rd. 22% more than Pakistan
41.4%
Ranked 4th.

One-person and family businesses > Men 84.5%
Ranked 2nd. 42% more than Pakistan
59.3%
Ranked 3rd.

Employment > Employment share by sector > Services > Women > Aged above 14 23%
Ranked 88th. 31% more than Pakistan
17.6%
Ranked 70th.

Unemployment > Youth unemployment, female 13.6%
Ranked 54th. 30% more than Pakistan
10.5%
Ranked 66th.

GNI > Current LCU per capita 65,124.34
Ranked 81st.
117,920.05
Ranked 72nd. 81% more than Bangladesh

Economic activity > Men aged 40-44 98.37%
Ranked 10th. 1% more than Pakistan
97.59%
Ranked 43th.
Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ > Per $ GDP 70.81$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 34th. 83% more than Pakistan
38.65$ per $1,000 of GDP
Ranked 46th.

Economic activity > Men aged 10-14 28.62%
Ranked 27th. 55% more than Pakistan
18.49%
Ranked 50th.
Economic activity > Men aged 45-49 98.46%
Ranked 9th. 1% more than Pakistan
97.37%
Ranked 33th.
Economic activity > Men aged 55-59 96.38%
Ranked 6th. 7% more than Pakistan
89.81%
Ranked 67th.
Economic activity > Men aged 60-64 89.79%
Ranked 20th. 14% more than Pakistan
78.72%
Ranked 56th.
Economic activity > Women aged 25-29 69.79%
Ranked 84th. 88% more than Pakistan
37.2%
Ranked 160th.
Workers' remittances > Receipts > BoP > Current US$ > Per capita 29,906.78 BoP $ per 1,000 people
Ranked 49th. 9% more than Pakistan
27,456.8 BoP $ per 1,000 people
Ranked 51st.

Workers' remittances > Receipts > BoP > Current US$ > Per $ GDP 70.65 BoP $ per $1 million of
Ranked 23th. 83% more than Pakistan
38.62 BoP $ per $1 million of
Ranked 30th.

Employees, agriculture, female > % of female employment 68.1%
Ranked 6th.
75%
Ranked 1st. 10% more than Bangladesh

Economically active children, female > % of female children ages 7-14 6.4%
Ranked 22nd.
13.5%
Ranked 3rd. 2 times more than Bangladesh

Economically active children, male > % of male children ages 7-14 25.7%
Ranked 14th. 2 times more than Pakistan
12.5%
Ranked 3rd.

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 55-59 82.57%
Ranked 19th. 30% more than Pakistan
63.33%
Ranked 81st.
Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ per capita 29.7$
Ranked 96th. 10% more than Pakistan
27.09$
Ranked 98th.

Economic activity > Women aged 45-49 74.31%
Ranked 62nd. 69% more than Pakistan
43.92%
Ranked 126th.
Child employment in agriculture, female > % of female economically active children ages 7-14 64.02%
Ranked 2nd.
81.73%
Ranked 1st. 28% more than Bangladesh

Employees, agriculture, male > % of male employment 41.8%
Ranked 15th. 13% more than Pakistan
36.9%
Ranked 8th.

Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, total > % 53.5%
Ranked 33th. 29% more than Pakistan
41.6%
Ranked 75th.

Employment to population ratio, 15+, total > % 67.6%
Ranked 38th. 31% more than Pakistan
51.5%
Ranked 126th.

Vulnerable employment, female > % of female employment 86.5%
Ranked 7th. 11% more than Pakistan
77.8%
Ranked 2nd.

Vulnerable employment, male > % of male employment 84.5%
Ranked 2nd. 42% more than Pakistan
59.3%
Ranked 3rd.

Wage and salaried workers, female > % of females employed 11.7%
Ranked 95th.
22.1%
Ranked 99th. 89% more than Bangladesh

Wage and salary workers, male > % of males employed 14.5%
Ranked 99th.
39.5%
Ranked 96th. 3 times more than Bangladesh

Contributing family workers, female > % of females employed 60.1%
Ranked 4th.
65%
Ranked 1st. 8% more than Bangladesh

Contributing family workers, male > % of males employed 9.7%
Ranked 16th.
19.7%
Ranked 3rd. 2 times more than Bangladesh

Contributing family workers, total > % of total employed 21.7%
Ranked 12th.
28.9%
Ranked 4th. 33% more than Bangladesh

Employees, services, female > % of female employment 19.4%
Ranked 99th. 50% more than Pakistan
12.9%
Ranked 97th.

Employees, services, male > % of male employment 43%
Ranked 80th. 5% more than Pakistan
40.9%
Ranked 82nd.

Unemployment, male > % of male labor force 4.2%
Ranked 86th. 5% more than Pakistan
4%
Ranked 80th.

Unemployment, total > % of total labor force 5%
Ranked 86th. The same as Pakistan
5%
Ranked 81st.

Force > Total per 1000 446.21
Ranked 86th. 25% more than Pakistan
357.86
Ranked 158th.

Employees > Services > Female > % of female employment 19.4%
Ranked 82nd. 29% more than Pakistan
15%
Ranked 71st.

Unemployment > Unemployment with primary education > Male > % of male unemployment 32.2%
Ranked 46th. 96% more than Pakistan
16.4%
Ranked 61st.

Unemployment > Unemployment with secondary education > Female > % of female unemployment 18.6%
Ranked 69th. 4 times more than Pakistan
4.5%
Ranked 64th.

Unemployment > Unemployment with primary education > Female > % of female unemployment 34.4%
Ranked 33th. 3 times more than Pakistan
10.1%
Ranked 61st.

Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > Female > % of female unemployment 10.7%
Ranked 56th.
18.6%
Ranked 35th. 74% more than Bangladesh

Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24 13.6%
Ranked 51st. 53% more than Pakistan
8.9%
Ranked 60th.

Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24 9.3%
Ranked 59th. 24% more than Pakistan
7.5%
Ranked 64th.

Unemployment > Unemployment > Youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24 8%
Ranked 63th. 13% more than Pakistan
7.1%
Ranked 64th.

Workers' remittances > Receipts > BoP > Current US$ per capita 29.63 BoP $
Ranked 50th. 9% more than Pakistan
27.07 BoP $
Ranked 53th.

Skills > % of managers surveyed ranking this as a major business constraint 19.24%
Ranked 4th. 51% more than Pakistan
12.75%
Ranked 6th.
Net income from abroad > Current US$, % of GDP 9.79%
Ranked 6th. 95% more than Pakistan
5.02%
Ranked 9th.

GNI per capita > Current LCU 65,124.34
Ranked 81st.
117,920.05
Ranked 72nd. 81% more than Bangladesh

Net income from abroad > Constant LCU 397.86 billion
Ranked 3rd. 3% more than Pakistan
386.56 billion
Ranked 4th.

Unemployment, youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24 13.6%
Ranked 57th. 30% more than Pakistan
10.5%
Ranked 69th.

Unemployment, female > % of female labor force 7.4%
Ranked 65th.
8.7%
Ranked 46th. 18% more than Bangladesh

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 35-39 88.89%
Ranked 58th. 23% more than Pakistan
72.24%
Ranked 144th.
Economic activity > Women aged 60-64 57.09%
Ranked 22nd. 97% more than Pakistan
28.98%
Ranked 75th.
Economic activity > Women aged 35-39 78.89%
Ranked 62nd. 79% more than Pakistan
44.08%
Ranked 147th.
Compensation of employees > % of expense 25.49%
Ranked 44th. 6 times more than Pakistan
4.44%
Ranked 73th.

Unemployment > Youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24 6.6%
Ranked 67th.
11.7%
Ranked 47th. 77% more than Bangladesh

Force > Female > % of total labor force 36.95%
Ranked 138th. 37% more than Pakistan
26.97%
Ranked 170th.

Employees > Industry > Female > % of female employment 12.5%
Ranked 44th.
12.6%
Ranked 36th. 1% more than Bangladesh

Unemployment with tertiary education > % of total unemployment 8.4%
Ranked 49th.
24.1%
Ranked 15th. 3 times more than Bangladesh

Economic activity > Women aged 20-24 65.71%
Ranked 78th. 79% more than Pakistan
36.76%
Ranked 160th.
Economic activity > Women aged 65 plus 32.9%
Ranked 28th. 3 times more than Pakistan
12.42%
Ranked 75th.
Unemployment with tertiary education > Male > % of male unemployment 10.2%
Ranked 37th.
26.8%
Ranked 12th. 3 times more than Bangladesh

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 60-64 74.27%
Ranked 14th. 37% more than Pakistan
54.04%
Ranked 69th.
Net income from abroad > Current US$ per million $73.16 million
Ranked 27th. 13% more than Pakistan
$64.78 million
Ranked 28th.

Child employment in agriculture, male > % of male economically active children ages 7-14 61.35%
Ranked 5th.
70.72%
Ranked 2nd. 15% more than Bangladesh

Self-employed, male > % of males employed 84.8%
Ranked 2nd. 40% more than Pakistan
60.5%
Ranked 4th.

Unemployment > Female > % of female labor force 4.9%
Ranked 70th.
12.8%
Ranked 18th. 3 times more than Bangladesh

Unemployment with secondary education > Female > % of female unemployment 22.4%
Ranked 55th. 4 times more than Pakistan
5.6%
Ranked 66th.

Force participation rate > Female > % of female population ages 15-64 55.19%
Ranked 109th. 64% more than Pakistan
33.72%
Ranked 169th.

Unemployment > Youth female > % of female labor force ages 15-24 5.8%
Ranked 69th.
14.9%
Ranked 43th. 3 times more than Bangladesh

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 40-44 86.97%
Ranked 71st. 19% more than Pakistan
73.05%
Ranked 132nd.
Economic activity > Women aged 50-54 72.6%
Ranked 47th. 79% more than Pakistan
40.56%
Ranked 118th.
Economic activity > Women aged 55-59 66.73%
Ranked 28th. 85% more than Pakistan
36.07%
Ranked 92nd.
Labor force > Note extensive export of labor to Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, UAE, Oman, Qatar, and Malaysia; workers' remittances estimated at $4.8 billion in 2005-06. (2006 est.) extensive export of labor, mostly to the Middle East, and use of child labor (2006 est.)
Unemployment rate > Note about 40% of the population is underemployed; many participants in the labor force work only a few hours a week, at low wages substantial underemployment exists
Unemployment with secondary education > Male > % of male unemployment 22.9%
Ranked 52nd. 49% more than Pakistan
15.4%
Ranked 62nd.

Children in employment, wage workers > % of children in employment, ages 7-14 17.01%
Ranked 6th. 18% more than Pakistan
14.38%
Ranked 4th.
Employers, male > % of employment 0.3%
Ranked 89th.
1.2%
Ranked 85th. 4 times more than Bangladesh

One-person and family businesses > Women 86.5%
Ranked 7th. 11% more than Pakistan
77.8%
Ranked 2nd.

Workers' remittances > Receipts > BoP > Current US$ 4.24 billion BoP $
Ranked 9th.
4.28 billion BoP $
Ranked 7th. 1% more than Bangladesh

Workers' remittances and compensation of employees > Received > US$ 4.25 billion$
Ranked 16th.
4.28 billion$
Ranked 15th. 1% more than Bangladesh

Unemployment > Unemployment > Total > % of total labor force 4.3%
Ranked 78th.
5.1%
Ranked 57th. 19% more than Bangladesh

Money transfers home > Remittance recipients 10.7 billion 8.7 billion
Economic activity > Men aged 30-34 98.92%
Ranked 3rd. 1% more than Pakistan
97.7%
Ranked 48th.
Economic activity > Women aged 10-14 26.83%
Ranked 25th. 2 times more than Pakistan
12.15%
Ranked 52nd.
Economic activity > Women aged 15-19 53.34%
Ranked 32nd. 2 times more than Pakistan
25.74%
Ranked 105th.
Unemployment > Unemployed youths per unemployed adult > Women > Aged 15 to 24 1.3 ratio
Ranked 72nd. 8% more than Pakistan
1.2 ratio
Ranked 71st.

Unemployment > Unemployed youths per unemployed adult > Men > Aged 15 to 24 2.1
Ranked 58th.
2.6
Ranked 40th. 24% more than Bangladesh

GNI > Current US$, % of GDP 110.43%
Ranked 7th. 8% more than Pakistan
102.41%
Ranked 26th.

Expense > % of GDP 11.32%
Ranked 101st.
18.76%
Ranked 8th. 66% more than Bangladesh

Subsidies and other transfers > % of expense 34.4%
Ranked 68th. 42% more than Pakistan
24.22%
Ranked 7th.

Economic activity > Both sexes aged 50-54 85.66%
Ranked 31st. 25% more than Pakistan
68.55%
Ranked 112th.
Economic activity > Men aged 50-54 97.28%
Ranked 7th. 3% more than Pakistan
94.09%
Ranked 70th.
Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, male > % 61%
Ranked 25th.
62.7%
Ranked 20th. 3% more than Bangladesh

Employment to population ratio, 15+, female > % 54.3%
Ranked 59th. 2 times more than Pakistan
22.2%
Ranked 162nd.

One-person and family businesses > Men > Percentage 84.5%
Ranked 2nd. 42% more than Pakistan
59.3%
Ranked 3rd.

CPIA building human resources rating 4
Ranked 21st. 14% more than Pakistan
3.5
Ranked 26th.
Force participation rate > Total > % of total population ages 15-64 72.04%
Ranked 67th. 19% more than Pakistan
60.56%
Ranked 155th.

Employers, female > % of employment 0.1%
Ranked 89th.
0.0
Ranked 87th.

Employers, total > % of employment 0.3%
Ranked 92nd.
0.9%
Ranked 86th. 3 times more than Bangladesh

Self-employed, female > % of females employed 86.7%
Ranked 7th. 11% more than Pakistan
77.9%
Ranked 2nd.

Unemployment > Total > % of total labor force 4.3%
Ranked 79th.
7.7%
Ranked 43th. 79% more than Bangladesh

Self-employed, total > % of total employed 85.3%
Ranked 5th. 33% more than Pakistan
64%
Ranked 5th.

Employment to population ratio, 15+, male > % 80.7%
Ranked 19th. 1% more than Pakistan
79.6%
Ranked 25th.

Vulnerable employment, total > % of total employment 85%
Ranked 4th. 35% more than Pakistan
63.1%
Ranked 4th.

Force participation rate > Male > % of male population ages 15-64 88.08%
Ranked 27th. 3% more than Pakistan
85.66%
Ranked 45th.

Wage and salaried workers, total > % of total employed 13.9%
Ranked 101st.
36%
Ranked 97th. 3 times more than Bangladesh

Children in employment, unpaid family workers > % of children in employment, ages 7-14 77.82%
Ranked 11th. 4% more than Pakistan
75.08%
Ranked 7th.
Employees, industry, female > % of female employment 12.5%
Ranked 50th. 2% more than Pakistan
12.2%
Ranked 44th.

Employees, industry, male > % of male employment 15.1%
Ranked 98th.
22.1%
Ranked 83th. 46% more than Bangladesh

Child employment in manufacturing, female > % of female economically active children ages 7-14 15.49%
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than Pakistan
4.3%
Ranked 6th.

Child employment in services, female > % of female economically active children ages 7-14 18.28%
Ranked 7th. 53% more than Pakistan
11.93%
Ranked 6th.

Child employment in services, male > % of male economically active children ages 7-14 25.17%
Ranked 4th. 47% more than Pakistan
17.08%
Ranked 6th.

Economically active children, work only > % of economically active children, ages 7-14 37.8%
Ranked 7th.
87.4%
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than Bangladesh

Economically active children, total > % of children ages 7-14 16.2%
Ranked 18th. 25% more than Pakistan
13%
Ranked 3rd.

Unemployment, youth male > % of male labor force ages 15-24 8%
Ranked 77th. 14% more than Pakistan
7%
Ranked 87th.

Unemployment, youth total > % of total labor force ages 15-24 9.3%
Ranked 74th. 21% more than Pakistan
7.7%
Ranked 86th.

Employees > Agriculture > Male > % of male employment 41.8%
Ranked 10th. 15% more than Pakistan
36.4%
Ranked 7th.

Employees > Agriculture > Female > % of female employment 68.1%
Ranked 3rd.
72.4%
Ranked 1st. 6% more than Bangladesh

Employment in agriculture > % of total employment 48.1%
Ranked 5th. 10% more than Pakistan
43.6%
Ranked 2nd.

Employment in services > % of total employment 37.4%
Ranked 82nd. 6% more than Pakistan
35.4%
Ranked 73th.

Labor participation rate > Total > % of total population ages 15+ 70.6%
Ranked 47th. 32% more than Pakistan
53.6%
Ranked 157th.

Unemployment > Unemployment with tertiary education > % of total unemployment 15.9%
Ranked 41st.
26%
Ranked 18th. 64% more than Bangladesh

SOURCES: ILO (International Labour Organization). 2002. Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002. February 2002; International Labour Organisation, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.; International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators.; World Bank national accounts data; Wikipedia: List of minimum wages by country (Countries) ("Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2013" . State.gov . Retrieved 2014-03-04 .); CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.; World Development Indicators database; Wikipedia: List of minimum wages by country (Countries); CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank national accounts data. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Labour Organisation, using World Bank population estimates.; United Nations Statistics Division Original html; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; calculated on the basis of occupational data from ILO (International Labour Organization). 2002. Laboursta Database. February 2002; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; calculated on the basis of data on the economically active population and total population from ILO (International Labour Organization). 2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division Original html; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Economic activity rate and economically active population, by sex, thirteen age groups, 1950-2010 (ILO estimates and projections) are data from the International Labour Union (ILO). Source details: ILO, Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, fourth edition, diskette database (Geneva, 1997). The latest set of estimates and projections covering the period 1950-2010 (4th edition) was released by ILO in December 1996. These data are updated every five-ten years by ILO and a new set of these data is in preparation; World Bank Group, CPIA database (http://www.worldbank.org/ida).; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; World Bank Group, CPIA database (http://www.worldbank.org/ida). Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; CIA World Factbook, December 2003; Wikipedia: Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention, 1949; World Bank staff estimates; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=GenderStat&f=inID%3a116, Percent own-account workers; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=MDG&f=seriesRowID%3a772, Proportion of own-account and contributing family workers in total employment, men, percentage; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; Understanding Children's Work project based on data from ILO, UNICEF and the World Bank.; World Bank national accounts data. GDP figures sourced from World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.; ILO Key Indicators of the Labour Market (KILM).; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=MDG&f=seriesRowID%3a773#MDG, Proportion of own-account and contributing family workers in total employment, women, percentage; World Bank: Outlook for remittance flows to developing countries, 2009-10; Central Bank data for: Bangladesh, Mexico, Pakistan, Philippines.; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files, and World Bank and OECD GDP estimates. World Bank World Development Indicators.; United Nations Statistics Division

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